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1574 1660, 











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Printed by 

ETEE and SPOTTISWOODE, Her Majesty's Printers, 
For Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 


PREFACE - - - - - - - -yii 

LIST OP COLONIAL ENTRY BOOKS, 1606-1688 - - xxxiii 


GENERAL INDEX - ... ... 01 

ERRATA .-...-.. 577 


THE papers in the State Paper Office are arranged upon 
principles which are extremely simple. Derived from the 
offices of the Secretaries of State, they fall, almost as of 
course, into three great branches or divisions, corresponding 
with the offices whence they are transmitted. Those from 
the office of the Home Secretary constitute one principal 
division or series of volumes, technically termed the 
Domestic, with a subdivision for Ireland ; the papers from 
the office of the Foreign Secretary form a second or Foreign 
division or series ; whilst those from the Colonial Office are 
arranged in a third division or series, named the Colonial. 
The present volume is a Calendar of the last-named series of 
papers only, from the year 1574, the date of the earliest 
paper, down to the year 1660. The period of time 
embraced, from Elizabeth to the restoration of Charles II., 
or nearly a century, will at once suggest that it must contain 
papers upon many topics of deep and general interest ; and, 
indeed, it may be said, that upon nearly every subject 
of moment in our colonial history, during that period, the 
student will find something to gratify his curiosity or reward 
his research in this great mine of historical treasure. The 
names of the several colonies, islands, or plantations in the 



Index * at once open up the comprehensiveness and interest 
of the contents of this volume. Some of them seen here in 
their infancy have now risen into colonies ; they might almost 
be termed independent states of the very highest im- 
portance ; whilst others have combined into a mighty re- 
public, whose power and influence extend throughout the 

The history of NEW ENGLAND and of VIRGINIA, the 
parents of the northern and the southern States of America, 
is largely illustrated in this volume ; the first possession of 
CANADA and its restitution to the French ; the settling of 
BERMUDAS or SOMERS ISLANDS ; the first grants of BARBADOES, 
ST. CHRISTOPHER'S, ANTIGUA, NEVIS, and other islands in the 
also be found, together with an account of the efforts of the 

* During the period embraced by the present volume charters were 
granted by the English Crown for settlements in the following places : 

Acadia or Nova Scotia. 


Amazon River. 



Association or Tortuga. 




Bermudas or Somers 


Cape Gratia de Dios. 
Darien, Bay of. 
Delaware Bay. 
Fernando de Noronho. 









Long Island. 






Narragansetts Bay. 


New England, i.e., New 
Plymouth, Massachu- 
setts, Connecticut, 
and New Haven. 


New Hampshire. 
New York. 
Nova Scotia. 
Providence Island. 
Rhode Island. 
St. Bartholomew. 
St. Brandon. 
St. Christopher's. 
St. Eustache. 
St. Lucia. 
St. Martin. 
St. Vincent. 


grantees to colonize them; also a complete record of 
proceedings of the Company for the BAHAMAS, incorporated 
in 1629; and an account of the taking possession of 
JAMAICA by the forces of the Commonwealth, and the 
means adopted to secure and render that island serviceable 
to England. 

Previous to the decision of the Master of the Rolls to 
have a Calendar of the Colonial papers prepared for publi- 
cation, upon the same principles as those already published 
of the Domestic series, the former were arranged under 
two distinct heads, viz., " America and West Indies," or 
the correspondence appertaining to the Colonial Office, and 
containing letters to and from the several Governors and 
the Secretary of State ; and " Board of Trade," being the 
correspondence with that department, and each colony was 
arranged by itself chronologically. It has been found, 
however, more convenient for the simplification of a printed 
Calendar to alter this arrangement as regards the papers 
down to 1688, and to adopt one chronological arrangement 
of the whole ; at the same time all the papers relating to 
each particular colony may be seen at a glance by reference 
to the Index. 

The correspondence to 1688 consists of 71 portfolios, to 
be hereafter bound in volumes; besides 109 entry books, 
which contain entries of letters sent to the colonies, of 
charters, commissions and instructions, minutes and pro- 
ceedings of the companies and proprietaries that in the 
first instance governed several of the colonies, journals of 
the Board of Trade, &c. &c. These have been arranged 
alphabetically as regards every colony to which they 

During this early period a separation of the Colonial 
from the Domestic or other series, and a classification of 
the former, upon the principles adopted in the corres- 
pondence of a later date, has been found to be extremely 


difficult. Papers received from or addressed to a Governor, 
commander, or other person in a colony or plantation are 
of course strictly Colonial, as well as those from the 
Secretary of State to and from a company of adventurers 
incorporated for plantation purposes ; but when letters 
pass between the King and the Privy Council, Attorney 
General, or other officers resident in England, wholly 
relating to colonial subjects, the proper location is some- 
what difficult to decide. If the principles above alluded 
to had been strictly carried out, this Calendar would have 
certainly been diminished one-half and historically speaking 
have become comparatively useless as a Calendar of State 
Papers relating to the Colonies. Three of the many in- 
stances which occur throughout the volume will be sufficient 
to explain this circumstance very forcibly. In 1621 will 
be found the " Answer of the Virginia Company to the re- 
" quest of the Walloons and French to plant in Virginia " 
(p. 26, No. 55). This paper is clearly Colonial. The 
request to which the above is an answer was, however, 
discovered in the French Correspondence (too late to be 
inserted in its proper order of date), because made to the 
English Ambassador in France ; yet surely it would be 
unwise to separate these two papers. Again, Secretary 
Calvert writes to Secretary Conway in May 1623 (p. 46), 
conveying the King's directions with respect to the election 
of new officers of the Virginia Company, and incloses a letter 
to the Treasurer of the same date. The letter has been 
placed in the Domestic, the inclosure in the Colonial series ; 
the same has also been done with a letter from Secretary 
Conway to Lord President Mandeville, and the answer 

(P- 49.) 

This has caused the necessity of a careful examination of 
more than 350 volumes and bundles of correspondence, 
and the result is, that upwards of 250 papers have been re- 
moved to the Colonial series, and more than 800 abstracted 


from entry or other books already bound or calendared. 
Hence the frequent reference to papers in this Calendar 
neither numbered nor forming part of the " Colonial Papers.'' 

It will be seen that during the first thirty years here 
calendared, or down to the accession of James I., there 
are but ten papers. The reason is obvious ; with but one 
exception, it can scarcely be said that England planted any 
colony during Elizabeth's reign, though, as every one knows, 
many voyages were undertaken at that early period for 
purposes of colonization, and a copy of the well-known 
patent of incorporation to the Marquis of Winchester and 
others, merchant adventurers of England, for "discovery 
" of lands unknown and not before frequented," of which 
Sebastian Cabot was to be the first Governor, is to be found 
in the collection of State Papers. 

This, however, as well as many other papers, containing 
accounts of the voyages of discovery of Frobisher and 
Hawkins, of Gylberte and of Drake, to Africa, America, 
and the West Indies, will not be found in this volume. 
They belong to and are placed in the Domestic series ; 
yet the perusal of such papers would not be an inapt 
introduction to the history contained in this Calendar. 

The two first papers calendared are of singular interest ; 
they most probably relate to Sir Humphrey Gylberte's 
patent " to discover and take possession of all remote and 
" barbarous lands unoccupied by any Christian Prince or 
" people." Gylberte appears to have assigned his patent 
to others, and the " fragment of report of certain persons," 
p. 1, No. 2, with whom he subsequently conferred in person, 
is so marvellous as to baffle every idea of credibility. Under 
the encouragement of Elizabeth, and by the enterprise of 
Raleigh, the first English colony was attempted to be 
planted in America, and the account of Sir Richard Gren- 
ville, the General of the fleet sent out in 1585, of "the 


" success of his voyage " (p. 4), with the letters of Ralph 
Lane (pp. 2-4), give several details of the earliest effort of 
English energy applied in a direction in which it has since 
been so richly rewarded. Although Raleigh's colony did 
not meet with the anticipated success, it caused others to 
undertake similar adventures, and they finally attained the 
desired object. 

As our earliest and in all respects a most interesting 
settlement, VIRGINIA claims our first attention, and it is not 
too much to say that the history of this province can no 
where be so fully and so authentically illustrated as in these 
rarely consulted historical State Papers. There is Captain 
Newport's Journal of his early discoveries (p. 6, No. 15) ; 
among other things he alludes to the narrow escape of the 
first President of the colony, Edward Maria Wingfield, 
who, in a skirmish with some 200 savages, " had a shot clean 
" through his beard, yet escaped unhurt." Newport's 
description of the country and the people should not be 
passed over ; in the latter occurs, for the first time, the name 
of Pawatan, " the Great Powhatan " about whom and his 
daughter Pocahuntas so much has been written. With 
reference to the latter we glean some curious particulars. 
Chamberlain writes to Carleton in June 1616 (p. 17), that 
Sir Thomas Dale has brought from Virginia some ten or 
twelve of that country to be educated in England adds 
Lord Carew in his Journal (p, 18) among whom the most 
remarkable person is Pocahuntas, daughter to Powhatan, a 
King or Cacique there, married to one Rolfe, an Englishman. 
She and her father Counsellor were afterwards presented 
to James I., by whom they were graciously used, both being 
" well placed at the mask," and soon after was upon her 
return home, sorely against her will ; but, adds Chamberlain, 
on 29th March 161? (p. 18), who had previously sent her 
picture to Carleton, " she died last week at Gravesend." 

PREFACE, xiii 

A letter from the second President, Captain " John 
" Iladclyeffe, comenly called," gives an interesting account 
of the proceedings of the colony up to October 1609 (p. 8), 
wherein it appears that Captain John Smith, " the father of 

Virginia," who reigned sole Governor, " is now sent home 
" to answer some misdemeanors." The letters of Lord De 
la Warr and Sir Geo. Somers, written the following year 
(pp. 9, 10), contain a vivid account of the storm which 
separated the fleet sent over by the Company in England to 
strengthen the settlement, the happy arrival of which decided 
the fate of the tottering colony ; of the shifts the emigrants 
were put to, and the lamentable state in which they found 
the country, " a noisome and unwholesome place, occasioned 
" much by the mortality of the people." Then we have a 
touching letter from Lord De la Warr to Salisbury, written 
upon his return to England in June 1611 (p. 11), weak 
from the effects of his long sickness, but confident that the 
efforts of the Company to establish a colony will meet with 
an honourable and profitable end. Seven years later we are 
told that he died on his voyage to Virginia, " but the sick- 
" ness and death of him, and of most of them that landed, 
'* make it suspected that they had ill measure." (p. 19). 

Lotteries were resorted to in 1612 to further the advance- 
ment of the colony (p. 12), and notwithstanding the jealousy 
of the Spaniards, their ridicule of the whole business, " for 
" which the undertakers were fain obliged to make a general 
" kind of begging," and their preparations to destroy the 
plantation, the Spanish Ambassador thinking it would be 
an easy matter " to remove these people " (p. 13), the settle- 
ment continued steadily to increase. Means of all kinds 
were used to ensure success ; the Privy Council wrote to the 
Mayor and Alderman of Canterbury (p. 17), commending 
*' that worthy and Christian enterprise " to their care ; 
maidens were pressed (p. 19); children " from the super- 


" fluous multitude " of the City of London appointed to be 
transported to Virginia, there to be bound apprentices ; and 
vessel after vessel was despatched with men and provisions. 
Four years later, in June 1616, Sir Thomas Dale informed 
Secretary Win wood that he left the colony in prosperity and 
peace (p. 17) ; and Governor Wyatt, in a letter to the King 
in 1622, says that "many cities of great rumour in the 
" West Indies, established more than sixty years, were not 
" to be compared to Virginia" (p. 38). 

The first Assembly convened in Virginia met on 30th July 
1619? at James City, and a full report of their proceedings 
is preserved (p. 22). In 1621 more than 200 Walloons and 
French promised, on certain conditions, to emigrate to 
Virginia (pp. 498, 499)> and this document is perhaps one of 
the most curious in the volume. It is written upon a large 
sheet of paper in the form of a round robin, and in the 
outer circle, the person signing states whether he is married, 
and if he be a father, the number of his children. The 
total number 227, included persons of all classes and estates, 
from an apothecary and surgeon, a marrying man, to a 
labourer with a wife and a numerous family; musicians, 
weavers, locksmiths, shoemakers, a printer, dyers, and vine- 
dressers were among the number. The answer of the 
Virginia Company will be found at page 26. These vine- 
dressers or " Vinerouns," as they were called, were of most 
essential service in the productive industry of the colony. 
Most of the planters were cultivating tobacco, but the King 
recommended to them to breed silkworms and set up silk 
works, " a rich and solid commodity, and preferable to 
tobacco" (p. 31). The Vinerouns acted upon the royal 
recommendation. Placed together at Elizabeth City, they 
were busily employed in rearing silkworms (p. 43), and 
a present of silk from the colony is said to have been worn 
by Charles I. in a manufactured state at his coronation. 


Our papers prove that a quantity of silk made in the 
country was sent to the King through Secretary Windebank 
in 1639 (p. 288). 

The Virginia colonists long lived on friendly terms with 
the native Indians, and felt perfectly secure in their adopted 
country, but " through their own supine negligence in 
" living in scattered and straggling houses" (p. 31), they 
were suddenly surprised on 22 March 1622, and scores of 
families were brutally massacred. Chamberlain writes about 
350, Sir Thos. Wilson at least 300 or 400, and, " but for an 
" accident that gave warning, man, mother, and child, had 
" all been slain" (p. 31). 

This horrible catastrophe was followed by a still more 
fatal mortality, " more having died since than were slain in 
the massacre " ; " God has cast a heavy hand upon us, and 
" we cry for mercy for our sins," exclaims an ancient 
planter in a mournful letter to a relative in England (p. 36). 
The double calamity had well nigh caused the utter anni- 
hilation of the colony. The Governor and Council inform 
the King soon after (pp. 38, 39) that until then, vines and 
mulberry trees were being planted throughout the country, 
iron and glass works were in great forwardness, but, they 
continue, all were interrupted, and the people forced to 
cultivate tobacco only to support themselves and maintain 
their continual wars with the Indians. The sufferings of 
the colony at this time are forcibly depicted in a document 
signed by the Governor and 15 of the principal residents in 
the colony, " eye witnesses " (pp. 39, 40). In this paper, 
and in a " brief declaration " by the planters themselves, 
will be found an account of the history of the colony from 
1606, when the first patent was granted. 

The alarming accounts received from Virginia, and the 
imminent danger, of the loss of the colony, caused the 
Government at home to take steps ibr its support. Com- 


missioners were appointed to examine into its condition, and 
the Company was ordered by the King to adopt measures 
without delay for the relief of the colony (p. 44). Rules 
were agreed upon by the Privy Council for bettering 
its government (p. 48), large supplies were despatched 
(p. 51), and the law officers of the Crown recommended 
the King to resume the government and to command 
the forbearance of the execution of the letters patent which 
had been granted to the original adventurers (p. 51). After 
many proceedings touching the surrender of the Company's 
charter, it was finally overthrown upon a quo warranto on 
the last day of [Trinity] Term [22 June] 1624 (p. 63), and 
a proclamation was issued on 13th May 1625, in which it 
was declared that the territory of Virginia should form part 
of the King's empire, and the government thereof immedi- 
ately depend upon His Majesty (p. 73). 

Attention should also be given to the " List of Names 
" of the living and dead in Virginia" (p. 57) ; the muster 
of the inhabitants, with names of the ships in which the 
people arrived in the colony, and a list of the provisions 
brought by each, also a list of the dead in the several plan- 
tations, a document of 116 pages (p. 72) ; and a list of the 
number of men, women, and children inhabiting the several 
counties of Virginia (p. 201); to the petition of Captain 
Bargrave to the House of Commons on behalf of the absent 
planters in Virginia, the answer of Sir Thomas Smythe and 
Alderman Johnson, and King James's letter to the Speaker, 
desiring the Commons not to trouble themselves with the 
petition, as the subject was in course of settlement by His 
Majesty and his Council (p. 60) ; this was assented to by a 
general silence, writes Sir Francis Nethersole (p. 62), " but 
" not without soft muttering that any other business might 
" in the same way be taken out of the hands of Par- 
" liament." 


Turn a few pages and we have Governor Wyatt's account 
of the wars with the Indians ; he describes a battle with an 
army of the Pamunkeys, numbering 800 bowmen, as having 
lasted two days (p. 71). A " Note of all lands granted 
" in Virginia" (p. 81) gives the names of the grantees and 
the number of their acres. The answer of the Governor, 
Council, and Burgesses of Virginia to the King's letter 
concerns tobacco and other commodities (p. 89), but the 
flourishing state of the Colony, the richness of the 
country and its products, are fully described. Even then 
it seems that the discovery of gold and silver was not 
despaired of. 

After a brief interval, we pass on to the proposals for 
setting up iron works (p. 90), to Capt. Harvey's propositions 
for the benefit of the plantation (p. 99) , and it will be 
seen that the country was steadily increasing in prosperity 
and rising into importance. Sir John Harvey arrives 
as Governor and describes the state of the colony : 
wars with the Indians had exhausted all their powder, 
and so he petitions that more may be sent by the next 
ships (p. 113); a fort called Point Comfort, at the 
entrance of James River, is undertaken, and measures 
are adopted to secure the inhabitants from the incursions 
of the crafty Indians. 

We next find Dr. John Pott accused of wilful murder, 
but reinvested in his estate after a legal condemnation, 
because he was the only physician in the colony, and 
skilled in epidemical diseases (pp. 117, 118). 

Commissioners, the chief public men of the day, were 
again appointed to establish the advancement of the colony, 
and make proposals to encourage adventurers to plant there, 
(p. 130) ; the result of their consultations may be seen at 
page 136. While the Government at home was thus active 
in settling upon a permanent footing a colony that had 


xviii PREFACE. 

been instituted with so much life, money, and labour, the 
Executive in Virginia were no less zealous to further that 
object ; an " Accord between the Governor and Council 
" there" (p. 138), was concluded, which put a period to all 
unhappy differences. Thenceforward shipbuilding and trade 
generally, the planting of English grain and vines (p. 151), 
were subjects to which attention became more particularly 
directed ; the planting of tobacco was lessened, and the 
duty upon it recommended by Governor Harvey to be 
trebled; potashes, saltpetre, and other commodities, more 
useful in commerce, were the object of care (p. 160), and 
" some better fruit than tobacco and smoke returned from 
" thence," which King Charles declares to be dangerous to 
the bodies and manners of the English people (p. 125). In 
1634, corn was so plentiful that although about 1,200 new 
comers arrived that year (p. 175), 10,000 bushels were 
exported for the relief of New England, and Virginia became 
" the granary of all His Majesty's northern Colonies" 
(p. 184). 

A letter from Richard Kemp, the Secretary of Virginia, 
(p. 207), gives " a true and perfect relation of distempers," 
caused by the people complaining of a tax imposed upon 
them by Governor Harvey, and of his general government ; 
Harvey's declaration (p. 212), and other documents of con- 
siderable interest, will be found on this subject (pp. 208, 
214, 216, 217). To this end Francis Pott, " the incendiary 
" of these broils" (p. 207), with others, was sent to England, 
and petitioned the King, as a close prisoner in the Fleet 
(p. 218). 

Sir John Harvey seems to have met with numerous 
obstacles in returning to Virginia, to resume the govern- 
ment, by the King's command j for although so many came 
daily from London, to accompany him, that it was feared 
" an ill " [the plague] would be taken to Portsmouth, which 

PCf FACE. xix 

as yet they were clear of (p. 240), and the King had lent a 
ship for their transportation, she proved so leaky, that 
they were all forced to return. One hundred passengers, 
more than 20 being gentlemen of quality, were left behind, 
Governor Harvey alone taking his passage in a small ship 
(p. 241). 

The petition for the custody of an idiot, Benoni Buck, 
son of a minister there, and the first in Virginia, and the 
orders thereon (pp. 251, 252), have an interest of a painful 

In 1638 the Secretary gives a most encouraging account 
of the prosperity of the colony ; good buildings, he says, 
had been erected, a State House was being built, and scarce 
any inhabitant but had his garden and orchard planted 
(p. 268). The Secretary had built for himself a house of 
brick " the fairest ever known in this country for substance 
" and uniformity " (p. 288). Soon after this Sir Fras. 
Wyatt arrives as Governor, and dissensions ensue through 
the change of government. Secretary Kemp desires leave to 
return to England (p. 309), and Sir John Harvey requests 
the King's warrant for a similar purpose ; he complains that 
he is so narrowly watched that he has " scarce time of 
" privacy to write," that his estate has been taken from him, 
and his passage to England denied (p. 311). 

The King's instructions to Sir William Berkeley, ap- 
pointed Governor of Virginia in August 1641, must not be 
overlooked ; nor the last letter of Charles I. to the Govern- 
ment of Virginia, in 1642 (p. 324), signifying his approba- 
tion, in accordance with their desire, of their protest against 
a petition in their names to the House of Commons, for 
restoring the Letters Patent of the late Company. 

It is obvious that, although the correspondence of this 
early period is not voluminous, what it lacks in quantity is 
made up in the interest and importance of the papers pre- 

b 2 


served ; and the same remark will hold good with respect to 
other plantations, the history of which is illustrated in this 

From 1642 to 1649 the correspondence is exceedingly 
scanty, the whole being comprised in four pages ; the reason 
is obvious. The State Paper Office, as Mr. Bruce observes 
in the preface to his first volume of Domestic Calendars to 
Charles I., was the King's repository, and those who trans- 
mitted papers thither were his servants. When the quarrel 
broke out between the King and the Parliament, and 
Charles I. retired to York, to Oxford, and elsewhere, his 
papers were deposited in other places, and few found their 
way into the State Paper Office. 

It was one of the earliest measures of the Republican 
Government to establish its authority over the colonies. 
Commissioners were appointed for reducing Virginia to 
obedience (p. 361). Copies of the articles of surrender 
will be found at p. 376 ; but, although the last to surrender, 
the terms they obtained were more favourable than those 
granted to any other colony. An order of the Council of 
State was made in August 1658 (p. 468), upon a petition 
setting forth the distracted state of Virginia and the dangers 
likely to ensue because of the unsettled state of the govern- 
ment, and a letter was in consequence prepared, but vacated 
by reason of the death of Cromwell. Almost immediately 
after the restoration of Charles II. a commission was 
granted, appointing Sir William Berkeley Governor for the 
third time (p. 486), which brings the history of the colony 
down to 1660, the year with which this Calendar closes. 

The papers relating to Virginia have been thus largely 
dwelt upon, not only because it was the first colony under- 
taken by English enterprise, but because the ultimate 
success which favoured the design was the cause of other 
similar efforts. Many grants which were subsequently 


obtained, and many plantations and settlements which were 
successfully undertaken, would never have been commenced 
had the colony of Virginia been suffered to die out. 

The patent for NEW ENGLAND, which was the foundation 
of the first settlement there, is dated 3rd November 1620 
(p. 24), fourteen years after the first grant to Virginia. 
From New England were derived all the other northern 
provinces in America. Lord Baltimore's patent for MARY- 
LAND is dated 20th June 1632 (p. 152) ; all other grants or 
patents for settlements on the main land of America have a 
subsequent date. A grant of " all that entire portion of 
" land, situate within our country of NEWFOUNDLAND," was 
made to Sir Geo. Calvert, Secretary of State to James I., 
in April 1623 (p. 42), Henry Earl of Northampton, Sir 
Francis Bacon, and others, having obtained a previous patent 
in 1610 (p. 21). No grant of any of the West India 
Islands passed before 1625 (p. 75), with the exception of the 
BERMUDAS charter, which bears date 29th June 1615 (p. 17). 
The Earl of Carlisle's grant of the CARIBBEE ISLANDS, entitled 
"the first grant," was made 2nd July 1627 (p. 85); the 
patent for the BAHAMAS on 4th December 1630 (p. 123). 

There are several papers relating to the history of NEW 
ENGLAND, to which the attention of the reader should be 
directed. For example, an early letter from Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges (p. 6), showing that five savages were brought from 
thence in 1607 ; the Minutes of the Council for New 
England from May 1622 to June 1623 (pp. 30 et seq.) and 
from November 1631 to November 1638 (pp. 135 et seq.), 
containing an interesting record of the progress of the 
plantation ; a list of 20 patents for plantations in New 
England (p. 35). 

The letter from the King in 1623 to the Lords Lieutenant 
of Cornwall, Somerset, and Devon, and to the cities of 
Bristol and Exeter (p. 54), urging them to move other 


persons of quality to join in the advancement of the plan- 
tation of New England, " a work in which the public take 
" great interest ; " and the subsequent grant for a general 
and free contribution for the maintenance of the planta- 
tion (p. 87), are worthy of remark, as also the narrative of 
Sec. Coke, the letter of Richard Sandes (p. Ill), and the 
names of the principal undertakers for the plantation of the 
Massachusetts Bay (p. 112). 

" NEW ENGLAND'S PLANTATION," a curious pamphlet, 
unfortunately imperfect (p. 123); the letters of the first 
Governor of Massachusetts, John Winthrop (pp. 154, 156) ; 
of Thomas Wiggin (pp. 155, 156) ; Emanuel Downing 
(p. 158) ; and Henry Bade (p. 174); the papers of John 
White, of Dorchester (pp. 155, 214) ; of Edward Winslow 
(p. 157) ; and Dr. Stoughton (pp. 179, 194) ; have all an 
interest of a peculiar character. Lists of the names of 
passengers (pp. 192, 209j 272, 275), have also their value, 
as well as the Declaration of the Council for New England, 
for resignation of their charter (p. 204). 

Any allusion to the name of Henry Vane, the youthful 
Governor of MASSACHUSETTS, possesses interest. Our readers 
will remember he was but 30 when chosen to govern that 
colony. Let us turn, therefore, to a letter written to his 
father (p. 211), wherein he refers to the reasons for leaving 
his native country. In like manner occur other subjects of 
more or less interest, illustrative of the history of thi& great 
northern settlement. 

An examination of the two copies of the MARYLAND 
patents (p. 152) will exhibit a remarkable instance of the 
different construction that may be put upon the same 
document, if written in full or with contractions; the 
disputes with Virginia about boundaries form the frequent 
topic of discussion in these papers. 

Before dismissing the subject of the AMERICAN COLONIES 

PREFACE. xxiii 

we would not omit to refer to two instances in which the 
papers are presumed to illustrate events comparatively, 
if not wholly unknown in the early history of America. 
We allude to a design by the English to settle NEW YORK 
in 1623, and to an attempted colonization of SOUTH CAROLINA, 
30 years before the actual settlement took place. 

Secretary Conway's letter to the Lord President of York 
(p. 47), has reference to the first. The design of settling 
a plantation in New England, and building a city there to 
be called York, originated as it seems with one Christopher 
Levett: it was strongly recommended by the English 
Government, the President of York being desired to " win 
" assistance from the country in a work so honourable to 
" the nation and to the city of York ; " the grant for a 
general and free contribution to be paid to Christopher 
Levett (p. 87), appointed Governor, has probably reference 
to this design. 

The first allusion to the early attempt to colonize SOUTH 
CAROLINA is in the proposals for settling a colony in Florida 
in 1629 (p. 99). These proposals, made by, if not origin- 
ating with Mons. Bellavene, were, in October of the same 
year, " communicated " to the Baron de Sance, and " note 
" of articles was agreed upon with the King" (p. 102), 
concerning the planting of Carolina. The "articles de- 
" manded of the Attorney General by De Sance to be 
" inserted in his grant ; " De Sance's regulations to be 
observed by all French Protestants wishing to settle in 
Carolina (p. 109) ; his propositions to carry over 100 men 
to plant there (p. 110) ; and an estimate of the expense of 
carrying them over, with the apparel, victuals, arms, tools, 
and household implements necessary for one person or for a 
family, are all minutely particularized. From the contents 
of a petition from Edward Kingswell (p. 190), we gather 
how " the plantation was hindered, and the voyage frus- 

xxiv PREFACE. 

" trated ;" additional particulars will be found in other 
papers (pp. 194, 197, 207). It may be worthy of remark 
that it appears from other papers in the Domestic and 
Foreign Correspondence, that De Sance came to England 
in 16*27, and acted in the capacity of Secretary to Mons. de 
Soubise, Duke de Fontenay, then also in England, whose 
doings at Rochelle and exertions in favour of the distressed 
French Protestants are so well known ; that when Soubise 
had been again defeated by the French king's fleet, he fled 
to England with the remnant of his followers, and it is sup- 
posed that many went over to the Spaniards, the West 
Indies, and elsewhere. It is, I think, pretty evident that the 
intended settlers, the French Protestants above mentioned, 
were a portion of the followers of Soubise, perhaps the 
companions in arms of De Sance himself. 

As regards NEWFOUNDLAND many curious and interesting 
papers may be referred to. For example, the disputes with 
respect to the fishing trade there (pp. 20, 21) ; the diffi- 
culties which Lord Baltimore, the Governor of the plan- 
tation, had to contend with, <( no longer to be resisted," not 
only on account of the climate, which he describes as most 
severe from October to May, both land and sea being frozen 
the greatest part of the time, and the excessive mortality 
(p. 100), but because of the hostilities which continually 
prevailed (p. 93). At length the King, "weighing that 
" men of Lord Baltimore's condition and breeding are 
" fitter for other employment than the framing of new 
" plantations, which commonly have rugged and laborious 
" beginnings," advised him to return to his native country 
(p. 104). 

NOVA SCOTIA is the frequent subject of illustration in 
these papers, as well as the endeavours to make a settle- 
ment upon the AMAZON river in GUIANA. 

The capture of CANADA in July 1629, by Sir David 


Kirke, and its subsequent restitution to France, through the 
treaty of St. Germain, in August 1632, is an event of 
importance, upon which considerable information may be 
derived from the documents in this volume. As regards 
the restitution, a reference must be made to the French 
correspondence ; the negotiation for the treaty necessarily 
fell into the hands of the English Ambassador resident in 
Paris. In this transaction, we think, considerable light is 
thrown upon the concluding days of a most worthy and 
notable character of King Charles' reign, Sir Isaac Wake 
himself, the Ambassador above mentioned; and especial 
attention is invited to Sec. Coke's letter to Wake (p. 142, 
No. 45). This letter is dated IQth April 1632, and Wake, 
who had long been in a precarious state, died on the 31st of 
the following month. 

With reference to the BAHAMAS, or the plantation of 
PROVIDENCE, as the principal island was then called, and the 
islands of Association, otherwise Tortuga, Henrietta, and 
Fonseca, we have a complete and unbroken record of the 
proceedings of the Company to whom the patent was 
granted (p. 123), from its establishment in 1630 to 1641, 
when the entries are abruptly discontinued. This valuable 
history (for so it has now become) is written in two large 
folio volumes, most probably between 1640 and 1650, but 
unfortunately no letters from those islands have found their 
way into the State Paper Office ; the reason is obvious, 
the Company governed those islands absolutely and 
without any reference to the King or his ministers. A 
glance at the names of the incorporated body gives 
additional interest to the letters they wrote. The Earl of 
Warwick, Lord Say and Sele, Lord Brooke, Sir Gilbert 
Gerrard, Oliver St. John, and John Pym, figured too con- 
spicuously in subsequent events not to attach to their 


previous actions a peculiar significance; we will instance 
three or four documents in illustration of this. 

The minuteness of their instructions to the Governor and 
Council of Providence Island is strongly evidenced in one 
of their early letters (pp. 147-149) ; the original entry 
occupies no less than 24 closely written pages. A few days 
later (p. 150), the Governor is directed to send back or burn 
all cards, dice, and tables, which it is understood have been 
received in the Island, at the same time it is stated that the 
Company "mislike not lawful recreations such as chess, 
" shooting, &c. ; " the Governor's proclamation " for pre- 
" venting mixed dancing and other vanity" in the island is 
very much approved, and the ministers are directed to 
second his authority (p. 187). In the same letter a rather 
significant phrase occurs ; the Governor is twitted for 
having grounded his authority "upon a supposed privi- 
*' lege which you call prerogative as annexed to your 
" place . . . ; " and it was added " neither do we like the 
" use of that word." The charges against Mr. Rous, a 
minister in the island, are somewhat curious (p. 181); he 
was accused of being insufficient, of not being able to pray 
extemporarily, that he would soldierlike beat his men, and 
that he was fitter for a buff coat than a cassock. Mr. 
Ditloff, another minister, also accuses Rous of teaching 
DitlofF songs called catches, " the meaning of which word 
" he understood not, the matter of which was the motion 
" of creatures as the nightingale and the like." Before 
leaving this subject we would draw attention to a curious 
ballad relating to New England (p. 180). It is " to the 
" tune of the Townsman's Cap." Although unable myself 
to discover any allusion to the tune elsewhere, I have little 
doubt that it will be recognized by some reader learned in 
our ballad and musical literaturec 


The rival claims of the Earls of Carlisle and Mont- 
gomery, of Lord Marlborough, and of Sir William Cour- 
teen to the island of BARBADOES may be readily understood 
by a reference to the papers herein calendared. The 
" first grant " to Lord Carlisle is dated 2nd July 1627 
(p. 85), but in the following February, Charles I. also 
granted to his Lord Chamberlain, then Lord Montgomery, 
certain islands between 8 and 13 degrees of N.L., and 
among them " Barbudos." The letters from the King and 
the opinion of Lord Keeper Coventry (pp. 96-98) give a 
sufficient explanation of this business. The King, in a 
letter to the Governor of Barbadoes (p. 98), says that the 
controversy had arisen " chiefly in the ambiguity of names 
" of near sound, and thereby subject to mistaking in so 
" remote parts ; " the other island alluded to is Barbuda, an 
island of insignificance as compared with Barbadoes. Upon 
these grounds, although Barbudos is in another place said 
to mean Barbadoes, I have added [Barbuda] thus in Mont- 
gomery's grant. The petition of Henry, 2nd Earl of Marl- 
borough (p. 242) explains the grounds of his claims ; the 
minutes of depositions and examinations (pp. 488, 489) 
those of Sir William Courteen. 

ISLANDS, many interesting particulars will be found. Colonel 
Christopher Kaynell, the Governor of Antigua, during the 
Interregnum, represents the condition of the island and its 
resources ; his proposals to preserve it " from- present ruin 
" and destruction " (p. 439) would lead us to believe that 
Cromwell did not attach so much importance to this island 
as the inhabitants wished ; and a debate in 1656, how the 
transportation of persons from Nevis, St. Christopher's, and 
other places to Jamaica may be managed with most con- 
venience (p. 450), tends rather to confirm this impression. 
In July 1656 we find, however, that the representations of 

xxviii PREFACE. 

Governor Kaynell had met with some consideration, for by 
an Order of the Council of State, 300 men out of Scotland 
were allowed to be transported thence at their own charge 
(p. 446). As regards St. Christopher's, there are many 
important references ; the commission to Sir Thomas 
Warner in September 1625, reciting the discovery of that 
island and other of the Caribbees, " until then inhabited only 
" by savages," and granting him the custody as the King's 
Lieutenant (p. 75) ; the disputes and hostilities with the 
French, arising from the island being inhabited by both 
nations ; the aggressions of the Spaniards, who, after fighting 
a day and a half with a fleet of 38 galleons against nine 
English vessels, took both Nevis and St. Christopher's, and 
burnt all the houses there. Seven hundred men and boys 
were carried from thence to Carthagena, besides the English, 
who were taken to the Havanna, and 400 others who fled 
to the mountains, and were succoured by the Indians 
(pp. 102, 118). 

In fact, it may be said that upon almost every topic of 
moment in our colonial history some particulars may be 
found. The description of the several tribes of the Indians ; 
their treatment of and by the English ; their education, 
conversion, habits, manners, and customs, are all more or 
less the subject of comment or debate in these papers. 
Of their fellow-sufferers, the negroes, much may also 
be learnt. The Company of Providence Island, some of 
whose names have already been quoted, assert it to be 
" a groundless opinion that Christians may not lawfully 
" keep such persons in a state of servitude during their 
<{ strangeness from Christianity" (p. 202). This will per- 
haps be thought a singular qualification of opinion in the 
present day, but we must not forget that these sentiments 
were expressed more than 225 years ago. It is, however, 
scarcely probable that when the Privy Council made stay 

PREFACE. xxix 

in 1637 of a cargo of " nigers " from Guinea, because the 
King's patent for sole traffic in them had been infringed 
upon (p. 260), the above qualification had much weight 
with their Lordships. The trade in and employment of 
them, we find, was carried on in those days to a great ex- 
tent, and some having escaped to England from Bermudas, 
were speedily recaptured by order of the Council of State, 
and kept in custody until restored to their former servitude. 

On the history of BERMUDAS or the SOMERS ISLANDS this 
volume is by no means silent. Perhaps one of the most 
interesting letters in the Calendar is from Sir George Somers 
(p. 9), " the good old gentleman," as the kind-hearted Lord 
De la Warr calls him. By a petition from the House of 
Commons to the King, in 1628 (p. 92), protesting against 
the heavy taxes that were levied upon goods imported by 
the planters from thence, which they assert is contrary 
to law and directly against an express grant in their patent, 
we see that the island at that time had a population of 
about 2,000, which in less than 30 years increased to 3,000 
(according to the last return, in 1 839> the population was 
about 9,000), 1,500 being able to bear arms ; the charges 
of government amounted to 500Z. a year, and the duties upon 
tobacco alone yielded 800/. per annum ; this may be seen 
in a report of the Committee for America to the Council of 
State (p. 449). 

We must not omit to draw attention to the EXPEDITION TO 
THE WEST IIN ? DIES, undertaken by Cromwell. The original 
design, the capture of Hispaniola, was not, as is well known, 
successful ; but to it England owes the acquisition of 
JAMAICA, and the extraordinary care taken by Cromwell to 
keep possession of the island, and fortify it against any 
attack from Spain or her possessions in the West Indies, will 
not remain unobserved. The English took possession of 
Jamaica on 10th May 1655, the inhabitants, to the number 


of 1,400, having fled to the hills, except some Negroes and 
Portuguese, who surrendered. In about four months nearly 
8,000 men, well armed and well provisioned, had been sent 
over from England, to defend the place against all attempts. 
A variety of inducements were held out to those of New 
England and other plantations to remove " to a land of 
" plenty," and the English Government soon after issued 
a proclamation " for the encouragement of persons who 
" will transport themselves to Jamaica" (pp. 429, 431). 
The account by Francis Hodges, Treasurer of the land 
forces in Jamaica, of arrears due to those who returned 
from that island, and to those who died in the expedition 
(p. 469), will satisfy inquiry as to who were engaged 
in that service. The proceedings against Generals Penn 
and Venables, the Commanders, for having returned 
to England " without licence, contrary to their trust," should 
not be passed over. Soon after King Charles' restoration, 
we find that considerations, proposals, and reports were 
addressed to His Majesty (pp. 491, 492), pointing out the 
advantages to be derived from Jamaica, and the encourage- 
ments that should be given to send over servants and goods, 
and urging upon the King the necessity of fortifying the 
island and settling the Government. The number of inha- 
bitants had then fallen to about 4,500, half of them being 
the relics of the army; and it was proposed that women for 
planters' wives should be sent over, Newgate and Bridewell 
spared as much as may be, and poor maids transported 
instead, "with which few parishes in England are unbur- 
" dened," the custom of the planter being to give, not to 
require anything with his wife. 

I have thus, in some measure, endeavoured to show 
the varied character of the papers contained in this volume, 
and their great interest and value to all students of our 
colonial history. Before concluding my remarks, I would 

PREFACE. xxxi 

call attention to the number of papers without date. 
There is scarcely a page in the first half of the volume 
without an undated paper, which may easily be distin- 
guished by the bracket or the ? after the supposed date. 
In every instance great care has been taken and much 
time bestowed in assigning an approximative date to the 
document ; and although in some case a more correct date 
may probably be assigned by those more intimately ac- 
quainted with the particular history to which the document 
refers, I have made use of all the knowledge acces- 
sible to me, and especially to that invaluable source of 
knowledge upon historical contemporary subjects, the State 
Papers themselves. 

With regard to the spelling of names, the orthography of 
the writer, when his signature could be found, has invariably 
been adopted, in other cases considerable difficulty has been 
experienced, and in some instances it has been found next 
to impossible to decide how a name should be spelt. One 
example is sufficient to illustrate this point. Of the various 
spellings Sir Charles Wolseley, Wolsley, Woolseley, or 
Woolsley, which is correct ? * With many of the old Indian 
names a similar difficulty has been experienced ; Patowmack, 
Patomack, Potowmac, Potomac, and in a variety of other 
ways has this magnificent river been spelt. It is hoped, 
however, that by cross references in the Index, the inquirer 
will be readily directed to the object of his search. 

Although this volume embraces a period of nearly a 
century, it is highly probable that the remaining 28 years, 
that is, down to the Revolution of 1638, will occupy five 

* The name of Raleigh has, we believe, been found in 39 different 
ways. A gentleman of the name of Leighton has lately published a 
curious illustration of the different ways in which he found his own name 
spelt in various documents ; they were no less than 55. [Notes and 
Queries, 2nd S., Vol. x., p. 257.] 


volumes. After the restoration of Charles II. the planta- 
tions became more settled ; they had for the most part 
greatly increased in importance ; the correspondence be- 
comes, therefore, more consecutive, and consequently more 

I cannot conclude without acknowledging, in the most 
public manner, the kind assistance that I have received 
throughout my labours from my valued friend, John Bruce, 


State Paper Office, 

21st November I860. 











1672 to 1686 



1658 Nov. 30 



1661 to 1674 



1667 1677 


ANTIGUA - - Acts 

1684 1688 


55 ~ 

1674 1681 



1681 1684 



1630 1650 



1684 1687 



1630 1641 



1686 1688 



1685 1688 



1627 1674 


Minutes of") 
Council - / 

1661 1672 



1675 1680 


95 39 

1672 1678 



1680 1688 


35 33 

1682 1688 




Minutes of ] 




>J 55 

1678 1688 
1679 1688 


Council and > 
Assembly -J 

- Acts 

1661 1679 


Minutes of "1 
Council - J 

1660 1686 


39 59 







1687 1688 

" ; , " 

A \J t V 





Minutes of 1 
Assembly j 

1670 1683 


33 39 

A \J 1 I 



55 55 

1684 1688 


99 - 39 

1681 1683 



1643 1688 


33 55 

1681 1688 


55 55 

1682 1688 



1670 1671 


_ _ 

1675 1681 



1615 1686 



1681 1688 


1686 ,,1688 


Minutes of~j 



1688 July 24 

Council and > 

1680 1688 

Assembly - J 



1668 1672 



1663 1683 


5> 59 

1668 1682 


5 - : -- - 

1674 1685 


95 " 59 

1680 1688 



1682 1688 


Grants of Land 

1674 1688 



1663 1688 



1632 1687 


- Acts 

1640 1676 





Minutes of 1 
Council -j 

1686 1688 











1668 to 1688 



1606 to 1662 


55 >5 

1680 1688 



1675 1681 



1676 1677 


NEVIS - Acts 

1664 1688 



1681 1685 
1685 1688 


55 55 

1680 1688 




1678 1682 



1620 1639 


Minutes of! 
Council - J 

1680 1688 



1661 1679 
1679 1688 


Minutes of 1 
Assembly / 

1683 1688 





~3T i " ^- cts 

1661 1684 




1686 1688 


55 ' 55 ' 

1661 1688 


Minutes of 1 
Council -J 

1686 1688 


J5 55 ~ 
55 55 " 

1661 1688 
1661 1688 


55 55 " 

1661 1688 



1623 1671 



1661 1672 





55 55 

1663 1684 


55 55 

1670 1674 


55 55 

1674 1679 



1679 1686 


55 55 

1675 1677 


i'^W | 55 

1675 1687 



1664 1687 


: '' >5 

1677, May 


TcVJ ! _ ..UK! aa/i 

1687 1688 


55 55 

1679 1684 



1674 1684 


>5 55 

1687 1688 


Grants of Land 

1665 1688 

oiatlin- -/.a' 


- Acts 




1683 1687 


*'-' Patents 



b3l I 1 JK^Dfil 

1668 1683 





95 55 

1687 1688 


Minutes of "I 
Council -j 

1687 1688 



1675 1677 




1681 1688 


55 55 

1677 1679 



1679 1682 


>5 55 

1682 1684 



1667 1674 


55 J5 

1684 1686 


,, UUWv/ 

1668 1677 


8arj|i TAff^ia 

1686 1688 


Vol. I. 15741621. 

1. " Points set down by the Committees appointed in the behalf 
of the Company to confer with Mr. Carleill upon his intended 
discovery and attempt in the northern parts of America/' The 
Committees are well persuaded that the country is very fruitful ; 
inhabited with savage people of a mild and tractable disposition, 
and of all other unfrequented places " the only most fittest and most 
commodious for us to intermeddle withal." They propose that one 
hundred men be conveyed thither, to remain one year, who with 
friendly entreaty of the people, may enter into the better knowledge 
of the country, and gather what commodities may be hereafter 
expected from it. The charges will amount to 4,000?. ; the city of 
Bristol having very readily offered 1,000?., the residue remains to be 
furnished by the city of London. Privileges to be procured by 
Mr. Carlile for the first adventurers ; also terms upon which future 
settlers will be allowed to plant. In the patent to be granted by 
the Queen, liberty will be given to transport all contented to go, 
who will be bound to stay there ten years at least. None to go 
over without licence of the patentees, neither to inhabit nor traffic 
within 200 leagues of the place where " the General shall have first 
settled his being and residence." [The names of the Committees 
are Alderman Hart, Messrs. Spencer, Wil. Burrough, Hoddesdon, 
Towerson, Slanye, Stapers, Maye, John Castelin, and Leake. In 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Eliz., Vol. XCV., No. 63, Gal. p. 475, will be 
found a Petition to the Queen dated 22 March 1574, to allow of 
an enterprise for discovery of sundry rich and unknown lands, 
"fatally reserved for England and for the honor of Your Majtv " 
which is endorsed " Sir Humfrey Gilbert, Sir Geo. Peckham, 
MR. CARLILE, and Sir Eic. Greenvile, and others, voiages."] 

[1580.] 2. Fragment of report of certain persons who " travelled the 
aforesaid countries" [of America]. Account of the people, their 
disposition, " courteously given ;" dress, the women wearing great 
plates of gold, covering their whole bodies like armour ; habits and 
customs ; mode of warfare ; religion, their god, a devil which speaks 
306. A 


1580. VOL ' L 

to them sometimes in likeness of a calf. Order of choosing their 
kings, and ceremonies observed towards them. One Capt. Champion, 
of Newhaven in France, had given to him 100 pieces of silver for 
one of their ancients or war flags. Description of the soil, most 
excellent, especially towards the north of the river May, and 
produce of the country. Of animals and birds, and the manner of 
killing " great beasts as big as two of our oxen " [probably 
buffaloes]. Of their treasures, in every cottage pearl to be found, 
and in some houses a peck. About the bar of " St. Maries " to be 
seen fire dragons, "which make the air very red as they fly." The 
streets broader than London streets. Banquetting houses built of 
crystal, with pillars of massive silver, some of gold. Pieces of clean 
gold as big as a man's fist in the heads of some of the rivers. 
Plenty of iron. Great abundance of silkworms. A mountain 
called Banchoonan, to the northwards of the sea coast, about 
30 leagues from the bay of St. Maries, very rich with mines. This 
report is contained in the examination of David Ingram, who adds 
that he embarked for England at the river called Bauda. Then 
follows the report of Vererzamis, Jacques Cartier, John Barros, 
Andrew Thevett, and John Walker ; with the last three " Sir 
Humphrey Gylbert did confer in person." In 1579, Simon 
Ferdinando, Sec. Walsingham's man, went and came from " the said 
coast " within three months, in " the little frigate," without any 
other consort. In 1580, John Walker and his company discovered a 
silver mine within the river of Norumbega. Here the paper 
abruptly ends. [In 1578, Queen Elizabeth granted letters patent 
to Sir Hump. Gylbert to discover and take possession of all remote 
a,nd barbarous lands unoccupied by any Christian prince or people 
(Hakluyt, I. ; 677-9). By reference to DOMESTIC Corresp. Miz., Vol. 
GXL VI., No. 40, Gal. p. 695, it will be seen that articles of petition 
were subsequently presented by Sir Thos. Gerrard and Sir Geo. Peck- 
ham to Sec. Walsingham. The petitioners set forth that Gylbert has 
assigned to them his patent for the discovery and possession, &c., of 
certain heathen lands, &c., and they pray that all such persons 
whose names shall be set down in a book may have licence " to 
travel into those countries " at the next voyage for conquest, and 
to remain or return to England at their pleasure.] 

Aug. 12. 3. Ralph Lane to Sec. Walsingham. The General [Sir Ric. 
Port Ferdinando Grenville's] return to England cuts him off from reporting upon the 
irgmia. peculiarities of the country. Although they arrived there late in 
the year, wholly through the fault of him who intends to accuse 
others, they have nevertheless discovered so many rare and singular 
commodities in the Queen's new kingdom of Virginia, as by the uni- 
versal opinion of all the apothecaries and merchants there, no state 
in Christendom doth yield better or more plentiful. Leaves the 
particulars to the General's report ; the ship's freight will prevent 
all suspicion of fraud. They have not yet found one stinking weed 
growing in the land. Describes the vast and huge territory, its natural 
fortifications, and the climate very healthy. There are only three 



entries and ports ; these they have named, Trinity, Scarborough, 
and Ococan, where their fleet struck aground, and the Tiger was 
nearly lost. The best port discovered by Simon Ferdinando, the 
master and pilot major of the fleet, after whom it is named, and 
which, if fortified by a sconce, could not be entered by the whole 
force of Spain. Account of their soundings. Has undertaken with a 
good company to remain there, resolute rather to lose their lives 
" than to defer possession " of so noble a kingdom to the Queen, 
their country, and their noble patron Sir Walter Raleigh, through 
whose and his Honour's most worthy endeavour and infinite charge 
an honourable entry is made to the conquest of. Is assured they 
will, by this means, be relieved from the tyranny of Spain, and 
their enemies, the Papists, will not be suffered by God to triumph 
at the overthrow either of this most Christian action, or of His 
poor servants, in their thorough famine or other wants. God will 
command even the ravens to feed them. 

Aug. 12. 4. Ralph Lane to Walsingham. Commends to his favour the 

Port Ferdinando fearer, Mr. Atkinson, who carried himself so honestly and industri- 

Virgima. ous ]y throughout the voyage. Has also written by Mr. Russell to the 

like effect, and is persuaded, notwithstanding the general displeasure 

towards Atkinson that he will clear himself of every charge or 


Aug. 12. 5. Lane to Sir Philip Sydney. Will not omit writing to him, 
Port Ferdinando although in the midst of infinite business, having the charge of 
Virginia. sa vages as well as wild men of his own nation, whose unruliness 
prevents his leaving them. Refers him to his letter to Mr. Secre- 
tary for an account of the singularities of Virginia. Has discovered 
the infinite riches of St. John and Hispaniola by dwelling upon the 
islands five weeks. Thinks if the Queen should find herself bur- 
dened with the King of Spain, that to attempt them would be most 
honourable, feasible, and profitable. Exhorts him not to refuse the 
good opportunity of rendering so great a service to the Church of 
Christ, he only being fit for the chief comniand of such an expedition. 
The strength of Spain doth altogether grow from the mines of her 

Sept. 8. 6. Lane to Sec. Walsingham. Has thought good to advertise 
From the New hi m concerning Sir R. Greenefeelde's [Grenville] complaints 
n Virginia. a g a j ns t sun dry gentlemen of this service, and particularly against 
Mr. Candyshe [Thos. Cavendish] their high marshal, Edw. Gorge, 
Francis Brooke, their treasurer, and Capt. Clerck. Certifies to 
their faithfulness and industry, and to the tyrannical conduct of 
Grenville from first to last, through whose great default the action 
has been made most painful and most perilous. Refers him to an 
ample discourse of the whole voyage in the hands of the bearer, their 
treasurer, directed to Sir W. Raleigh, wherein Grenville's intolerable 
pride, insatiable ambition, and proceedings towards them all, and 
to Lane in particular, are set forth. Has had so much expe- 
rience of Grenville as to desire to be freed from the place where he 




Oct. 29. 




Nov. 8. 

VOL. I. 

is to carry any authority in chief. They have discovered a kind of 
Gynneye [Guinea] wheat, that yields both corn and sugar, of which 
their physician hath sent an assay to Sir W. Raleigh. There are 
fertile and pleasant provinces in the main land, populated only by 
savages, fit to be civilly and christianly inhabited. Means, with 
the favour of God, to visit them and pass some part of the winter 
in their provinces, 1 40 miles within the main. 

7. Sir Rich. Grenville to Sec. Walsingham. Acquaints him with 
the success of his voyage. Has performed the action directed, and dis- 
covered, taken possession of, and peopled a new country [Virginia], 
and stored it with cattle, fruits, and plants. The commodities that 
are found there are such as he was advertised of by his cousin Sir 
Walter Raleigh. In his way home captured, after some fighting, 
a Spanish ship, returning from St. Domingo, laden with ginger and 
sugar. The report that the Spaniards bring great quantities of 
pearl and gold and silver from St. Domingo is incorrect. 

8. Report of Ric. Clarke and others concerning a piracy 
committed by three French ships at St. John's, Newfoundland. 
The capt. of the Admiral was named Michael de Sance ; the master 
of the Vice- Admiral, Martin de Sance'. Having been used with 
kind entertainment and invited to breakfast [25 Sept.], in requital 
he invited the Frenchmen on board his ship to dinner the next 
day ; the capt. of the Admiral framed an excuse, sent the same 
afternoon for Clarke to visit him in his sickness, and, upon a 
sudden, the Frenchmen crying " Rend vouz, Rend vouz," Clarke 
and his men were taken and kept prisoners nine days. After 
pillaging their ship, it was delivered up to them altogether un- 
furnished. On the margin of this report as " Witnesses " appear 
Ri. Clarke, Master Mat. Ryves, and Phil. Fabyan, mates ; Laun. 
Clarke, surgeon, and seventeen other names, " and many others." 

9. Considerations on a " proposition of planting an English 
colony in the North West of America." That if the Prince would 
assist it in part, Her Majesty's merchants go liberally into it, the 
country be stirred to furnish men, some gentlemen moved to be 
adventurers, and a worthy general chosen, qualified to judge by 
sight of the strength of places, "it might be a glorious action for our. 
Prince and country, honorable for the general and adventurers, 
and in time profitable." [Copy. In the three first pages Sir Ed. 
Conway has made corrections and filled in vacant spaces, which in 
the fourth and fifth pages are left blank, the copyist most probably 
not being able to decipher the original.] 

10. The French King's Patent to Mons. de Monte, one of the Gen- 
Fontainebleau. tlemen of the Chamber, " for inhabiting Acadia, Canada, and other 
places in New France/' He is constituted the King's Lieut.-General 
" for to represent our person in the countries, territories, coasts, 
and confines of La Cadia from the 40 to the 46 degree." [English 



July 2. 

Mount Howard, 

at the mouth of 



April 10. 



VOL. I. 

Capt. Chas. Leigh to the Privy Council. Arrived in the country 
with fifty men, with whom he purposed to inhabit in some by-place, 
away from the Indians ; but accepted the offers of the natives to 
dwell amongst them in their best houses and gardens. Has resolved 
to remain with forty men, and return the rest for England, with 
four Indian chiefs as pledges. The natives desire that he will send 
for men to teach them to pray. Doubts not but God hath a won- 
derful work in this simple-hearted people. Beseeches the Council 
to send over well-disposed preachers. Requests the King's protec- 
tion and free passage to those who will come and settle there. The 
bearer will certify at large concerning the state of the country and 
the people. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. VIII., No. 87, Cal. 
p. 127.] 

Grant to Sir Thos. Gates, Sir Geo. Somers, Rich, Hakluyt, Pre- 
bendary of Westminster, Edw. Maria Wingfield, Thos. Hamon, 
Raleigh Gilbert, Win. Parker, Geo. Popham, and divers others, of 
Virginia, between 34 and 45 degrees of north latitude, to be divided 
into two several colonies. [Colonial Entry Bk.,* Vol. LXXIX., 
pp. 1-42.] 

11. Notes by Sir Jos. Williamson relating to Virginia. They refer 
more particularly to the appointment of Governors and their powers, 
the tobacco trade, and the revocation of the first patent. In 1613 
Capt. Argoll took prisoner the dear daughter of Powhatan, the 
King of the Indians. In 1628 the number of persons in Virginia 
was 3,000. In 1637 John Tredescant was in the colony, to gather 
all rarities of flowers, plants, shells, &c. 

12. Notes in the handwriting of one of Williamson's clerks 
relating to Virginia. They are of a similar character to the pre- 
ceding, some of which may be abstracted as follows : In 1624 
Henry Earl of Southampton and certain other Lords of the Privy 
Council were appointed a Council for Virginia. In 1623-26, Sir 
Fr. Wyatt, Governor, desires commission for a court martial, with 
limitation in case of life. In 1623 seventy-two patents for land 
were granted to as many persons. The best silk grass is towards 
the southward ; an earth of the nature of terra lemnia is to be had 
in Potowmac River. 

1607, Jan. 9, 13. Minutes of Grants and Commissions relating to the Planta- 
to tions at the Office of the Rolls. Calendared under their respective 

1 40, Aug. 4. dates. [The first entry relates to the East Indies.] 


March 9. Ordinance enlarging the number and augmenting the authority of 

Westminster, the Council for the two several Colonies and Plantations in Virginia 

and America. Thirty members for the first colony from 34 to 41 deg.[?] 

* The "Colonial Entry l?ooks " to 1688 comprise a series of one hundred and nine 
volumes which are arranged alphabetically as regards the Colonies to which they relate, 
and contain entries of a variety of kinds, all of which will be found calendared in their 
order of date. A list of them is placed immediately after the Preface, so that the 
reader may see at a glance the general contents of each volume. The entry from 
Virginia, Vol. 79, is the earliest, and therefore abstracted the first. 



VOL. I. 

north lat., and ten members for the second colony between 38 and 45 

deg. north lat. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX.,pp. 44-48. Ban- 
croft says the London adventurers had an exclusive right to occupy 
the regions from 34 to 38 deg. north lat., the western men between 
41 and 45 deg.] 

March 13. 14. Sir Ferdinando Gorges to Chalinge. Is satisfied with his pro- 
Plymouth, ceedings in the voyage [to New England]. Advises him not to be 
" overshott " in accepting recompence for their wrongs and losses, 
seeing they were the first that sent to the coast and had in return 
but five savages. Their demands must not be for less than 5,000, a 
ship having been sent two months after his departure with supplies 
and others in preparation, all of which are likely to be frustrated 
through Chalinge's misfortune. Begs he will take the savages 
and company over with as much speed as possible " for we will not be 
tired with their delays and endless suits." 

May 21. 15. " Relation of the discovery of our river from James Fort into the 
Main ; made by Capt. Christopher Newport, and sincerely written 
and observed by a gentleman of the colony." In form of a journal 
which commences on Thursday 21st of May 1607. Capt. Newport, 
having fitted out a shallop with provisions and all necessaries belong- 
ing to a discovery, took with him five gentlemen, four marines, and 
fourteen sailors, whose names are given, with a perfect resolution 
not to return without finding the head of the river or some issue. 
Every thing that befel them is described in detail, particularly their 
proceedings with the different tribes of Indians with whom they met 
on their voyage of discovery. On 27th May, the day before their 
return, " having ended their discovery " their fortjwas assaulted by 
above 200 savages and in the skirmish eleven of their men were 
wounded, one of whom died, and a boy was killed. Four of the 
Council were hurt and their President Mr. Wynckfeild [Edward 
Wingfield] had a shot clean through his beard, yet escaped unhurt. 
This journal ends on 21st June 1607, when. Capt. Newport dined 
ashore and " invited many of us to supper as a farewell." Annexed, 

15. I. Description of the now discovered river and country of 
Virginia; with the likelihood of ensuing riches by 
England's aid and industry. 

15. ii. Brief description of the people. Their King is called 
"Great Pawatan," and has at least 20 kingdoms under 
his dominion. Dress. General appearance. Not a grey 
eye among them. The women do all the work. The men 
hunt and go at their pleasure. Habitations. Forty or 
fifty dwell together in a hatto or small village. Mode of 
living. Proper lusty straight men, run exceedingly 
swiftly. Warfare. Entertainment. So practised in the 
art of stealing that while looking in your face they will 
with their toes take a chisel, knife, or any light thing , 
and hold it an injury to have the thing stolen taken from 



Aug. 18. 


Dec. 13. 

St. George 



July 7. 



Jan. 23. 


VOL. I. 

them. Naturally given to treachery, but were found "in 
our travel up the river " rather a most kind and loving 
people. Sacrifice tobacco to the sun. Have many wives 
" to whom as near as I could perceive they keep constant." 
Pawatan has most wives. The great disease reigns in 
the men generally. Observed great respect " when they 
saw us at prayer." A very witty and ingenious people. 

Dudley Carleton to John Chamberlain. Arrival of Captain New- 
port from Virginia, he having left the adventurers in an island in 
the midst of a great river 120 miles in the land. Much commenda- 
tion written of the air, soil, and commodities of the country. No 
silver nor gold. The adventurers cannot yet be at peace with the 
natives ; but have fortified themselves and built a small town, which 
they call James Town, and date their letters from. Thinks it hath no 
graceful name ; doubts not the Spaniards will say it comes too near 
Villiaco. Captain Warman, a special favourite of Sir Walter 
Copes, taken in the act of shipping himself for Spain, with intent, 
it is thought, to defeat " this Virginian attempt." A Dutchman 
writes in Latin from the new town, in Virginia, Jacobopolis. 
Letter received from Geo. Percy, who calls it James-fort, " which 
we like best of all the rest, because it comes near to Chelms-ford." 
[Extract from DOMESTIC Gorresp. Jac. I., Vol. XXVIII., No. 34, 
Gal. p. 367.] 

16. Geo. Popham, President of the Second Colony of Virginia, to 
the King. Fahanida, one of the natives who visited Britain, has 
spread throughout the colony the praises and virtues of the King, in 
which the whole Virginia plantation join. Enumerates some of the 
products of the colony. Latin. 

John Chamberlain to Dudley Carleton. A ship, long missing, has 
returned from Virginia. She went out last year in consort with 
Capt. Newport, and after much wandering, found the port, three or 
four days after his departure for England. [Extract from DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. XXXV., No. 13, Gal p. 446.] . 

17- Map of Virginia, discovered and described by Capt. John 
Smith, graven by Wil. Hole. In the left top corner is an engraving 
with this inscription " Powhatan held this state and fashion when 
Capt. Smith was delivered to him prisoner." In the opposite corner, 
is a figure of one of the Sasquesahanouys [Susquehannah], " a giant 
like people and thus attired/' [A beautifully preserved copy of the 
original map, similar to that inserted in Smith's Virg. and in 

John Chamberlain to Dud. Carleton. Arrival of a ship from 
Virginia, with petty commodities and hopes of more. She has 
brought divers sorts of wood, soap ashes, pitch, and tar, certain 
unknown kinds of herbs for dyeing, including, as is supposed, 
cochineal. [On 1 4 Feb. Chamberlain writes, that John Dun seeks to 
be preferred Secretary of Virginia. Extracts from DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Jac. L, Vol. XLIIL, Nos. 39 and 76, Gal pp. 487. 492.] 


1 609. 
May 3. 


May 23. 

May 23. 

Oct. 4. 

James Town, 

VOL. I. 

Earl of Salisbury to the Officers of Customs. All commodities 
shipped for Virginia for the use of the King's subjects there, to 
be free of custom and other duties. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., 
Vol. XL V., No. 10, Cal. p. 508.] 

Grant to Robt. Earl of Salisbury, Thos. Earl of Suffolk, Hen. 
Earl of Southampton Will. Earl of Pembroke, Hen. Earl of 
Lincoln, and numerous others, the recapitulation of whose names 
occupies twenty-eight pages, of incorporation, by the name of the 
Treasurer and Company of Adventurers, and Planters of the City of 
London, for the first Colony in Virginia. Hen. Earl of Southamp- 
ton and divers others to be the Council for the Company; Sir 
Thos. Smith, Treasurer. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX.,pp. 49- 

Minutes of the above. [Colonial Corresp. 1607, Jan. 9, Grant 
Bk., DOMESTIC Jac. I., p. 65.] 

18. Will. Stallenge to the Earl of Salisbury. Sends letters by Sir 
Walt. Cope's directions, concerning the Virginia business [wanting], 
The coming of Sir Thos. Gates is much desired, so that the ships 
may be speedily despatched, considering the great charges of 
the adventurers. Sir Geo. Somers has been there these two days, 
and the ships will be ready to sail this next day. Their people are 
all well. [On the 25th July 1 609 ; And. Buckler, in a petition to Salis- 
bury to be admitted to certain tenements in Wyke Regis, states that 
two years past he went an adventurer to Virginia, and is about to 
return thither. See DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. XL VI L, No. 50, 
Cal. p. 531.] 

19. Capt. " John Radclyeffe, comenly called " to the Earl of Salis- 
bury. Sir Thos. Gates, Sir Geo. Somers, Capt. Newport, and about 180 
persons are not yet arrived ; it is much feared they are lost as well 
as a small pinnace. The other ships have all come in, but with great 
loss of men by the calenture, and most of them much weather- 
beaten. Capt. Argoll was found in an English ship riding at James 
Town. They heard that all the Council were dead, but Capt. [John] 
Smith, President, who reigned sole Governor and is now sent home to 
answer some misdemeanors. George Percy, my Lord of Northumber- 
land's brother, is elected President, and Mr. West, brother to Lord 
De la Warr, of the Council, with himself and Capt. Martin. One 
hundred men have been planted at the falls, others, elsewhere. Is 
raising a fortification upon Point Comfort. The wood is so thick, 
and the labour to prepare the ground so great, that he advises the 
directors of this business to send a sufficient supply of victuals for 
one year. [On 15 Dec. 1609, Lord Southampton writes to Lord 
Salisbury, that he had told the King of the Virginia squirrels brought 
into England, which are said to fty. The King very earnestly 
asked if none were provided for him, and whether Salisbury had 
none for him, and said he was sure Salisbury would get him one. 
Would not have troubled him, " but that you know so well how he 
is affected to these toys." DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. L., No. 65 
Cal. p. 573.] 


1609. VoL ' L 

Nov. 15. Grant to Richard Gy fiord, of licence to import hawks from New- 
foundland. [Grant Book, DOMESTIC Jac, I., p. 61.] 

1609-1 656. 20. Notes relating to several Plantations, many of which will be 
found calendared in their chronological dates ; others not thus 
mentioned may be abstracted as follows : VIRGINIA. Sir Fras. 
Wyatt, Governor, desires commission for a court-martial, with limi- 
tations in case of life, 1623. Governor, 1626, 1640. A new charter 
for a Governor and 12 assistants. Best silk grass grows towards 
the southward; an earth of the nature of terra lemnia to be had in 
Potowmac river. Wil. Claybourne, Secretary of State for Virginia, 
1G31. Rich. Kemp, Secretary, 1638. Sir. Geo. Yeardley, Gov. 
and Capt.-Gen., ]6'9. Capt. Smith, sole Governor, without as- 
sistants, 1609. Sir Thos. Smith, 12 years Governor. Sam. Argoll, 
Admiral and Principal Governor, 1618. MARYLAND. Lord Baltimore 
gives reasons against uniting the Government of Maryland with 
Virginia, ] 652. Grant to Lord Baltimore of part of the territory of 
Virginia ; Sir John Harvey ordered to help Baltimore in his planta- 
tion, 29 Sept. 1634. NEWFOUNDLAND. Letters Patent granted by 
Jas. I., Anno Reg. 21, to Lord Baltimore, of the province of Avalon ; 
and by Chas. I., Anno Reg. 8., of the province of Maryland. BAR- 
BADOES. Sir Geo. Ayscue sent to reduce colonies and plantations in 
rebellion to the Commonwealth, 1651. Col. Dan Searle, Governor, 
1652. Maj. Huncks, Governor, 1639. Capt. Chas. Wolverton, 
Governor, 1631. Sir Wm. Tufton, Governor, 1629. AMERICA. Com- 
missioners for the affairs of, in 1652, were Thos. Povey, Tobias 
Bridges, and John Mill; one Hodges, Sec. GUIANA. The air 
very healthful ; infinite number of rivers ; attempted by Sir Walter 
Raleigh, who " was ruined by King James ; " since by Harcourt and 
others. ACADIA. Letters Patent to Sir Wm. Alexander recited ; 
Alexander's grant to La Tour ; seizure by Maj. Sedgewick ; Letters 
Patent to La Tour, Thos. Temple, and Wm. Crown, 10 Aug. 1656 ; 
La Tour resigns his title ; discovery by Cabot ; Henry IV. of France, 
his patent to Mons. de Monts, 8 Nov. 1603. CANADA. Sir Wm. 
Alexander, Robt. Char] ton, and Wm. Berkeley, Commissioners for 
the gulf and river of, and parts adjacent, 1632. 


April 29. Grant to the Company of Adventurers and Planters of New- 
foundland of incorporation and a portion of territory ; directions for 
government ; a special exception as to fishing, whether by the 
King's subjects or any other nation. [Docquet. DOMESTIC Jac. /.] 

June 15. 21. Sir George Somers to Salisbury. On their voyage to Virginia, 
James Town they were taken with a great storm, about 100 leagues from 
Bermuda, Avhich sundered all the fleet. His ship sprung a leak, and 
from 23rd to 28th of July [1609], 100 men were kept working 
at two pumps night and day. On Friday, 28th July, the island of 
Bermuda was seen, where their ship layed upon a rock a quarter of 
a mile from the shore. All lives were saved, and much of their 
goods, but their bread was lost. From 28th July to 10th May, 


16 1 a VOL ' L 

they built two small barks, and left Bermuda on 13th May with 
1 40 men and women for Virginia, where they arrived on 23rd May. 
At Cape Henry they were told of the famine at James Town ; they 
hastened there, and found it true. Every living thing had been 
eaten, and some had fed upon snakes or adders. Describes how, 
by the industry of the Governor, Sir Thomas Gates, the people 
gradually recovered, except three, who had died. They were going 
down the river in four pinnaces when they met Lord De la Warr, 
the Lord Governor, upon which they returned to James Town. 
They found no savages, for they had nothing to trade in but mul- 
berries. They are now in good hope to plant and abide there, for 
greater care than ever is taken. Is going to Bermuda for fish and 
hogs ; it is the most plentiful place he ever went to for such pro- 
visions, as well as fowls. Has sent a brief of the island of Bermuda. 
[Wanting. Sir Geo. Somers died, 9 Nov. 1611. See Book of 
A bstracts of Inquisitions, Post-mortem. DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., 
Vol. LXXIX., Gal. p. 268.] 

July ? 22. Thos. Lord De la Warr to Salisbury. Has met with very much 
comfort yet mingled with as many lamentable accidents since his de- 
parture. Leaves the relation of them to the bearer, Sir Thos. Gates, 
who was " the first that found our men in misery." On 1st April 
three good ships and 150 persons left Cowes to land as planters in 
Virginia. Account of their voyage, beset with hard weather and 
contrary winds, two of the ships lost their anchors. Arrived at 
Cape Henry on 5th June, in company with the Blessing, wherein was 
Sir Ferdinando Wenman. Met the next day with his own consort, 
which had been missing eight weeks, and came to an anchor under 
Cape Comfort, " where I met with much cold comfort/' as if it had 
not been accompanied with the most happy news of Sir Thos. Gates' 
arrival would have been sufficient to break his heart. Sir Tbos. 
Gates, despairing of any supplies, had shipped the whole company 
and colony in two small pinnaces, for England, having but 30 days' 
victuals left for his hungry company. Sent to give Gates notice of 
his arrival, and on 10 June landed at James Town, a very noisome 
and unwholesome place, occasioned much by the mortality of the 
people. Had the town cleansed, and fishermen sent out to pro- 
vide food. Dispatched Sir Geo. Somers back to Bermuda, for 
store of hogs, flesh, and fish, to serve the whole colony for the 
winter, " the good old gentleman out of his love and zeal not 
motioning but most cheerfully and resolutely undertaking to per- 
form so dangerous a voyage." Will use his best endeavours in 
settling and managing these affairs of the Company, though they 
were never so far out of order as he found them. Hopes very 
shortly to return something valuable to the adventurers who have 
so constantly seconded these as yet unfortunate proceedings. 
Endorsed, "Rec. in Sep. 1610." 

1 610. 23. Instructions for such things as are to be sent from Virginia with 

notes for their better preservation, and the prices they sell for in 



England. They include sassafras, worth 50Z. a ton, sarsaparilla, 
200L a ton, galbanuin, 100. a ton, walnut, and other oils, wine, silk 
grass, beaver and otter skins, pitch and tar, sturgeon, caveare, and 
various sorts of wood, &c. 

1610 ? 24. Valuation of the commodities growing and to be had in 

Virginia, rated as they are worth. [Printed ; there are many more 
articles in this list than in the preceding MS.] 


Feb. 28. 25. Sir Thomas Roe to Salisbury. Has seen more of the coast, 
Port d'Espaigne, from the river Amazon to Orinoco, than any Englishman alive, 

Trinidad. i iav i n g passed the wild coast and arrived at Port d'Espaigne. The 
Spaniards there are proud and insolent, yet needy and weak, their 
force is reputation, their safety is opinion. Will not exceed the 
honourable caution Salisbury gave him. The Spainards treat the 
English worse than Moors. News that the king of Spain intends 
to plant Orinoco. Men, cattle, and horses are arriving daily to be 
employed in fortifying the place, raising a new city, and in the con- 
quest of Guiana. Thinks " all will be turned to smoke." The 
Government is lazy, and has more skill in planting and selling 
tobacco than in erecting colonies or marching armies. Don Juan de 
Gambo, the late Governor of Caraccas, proscribed for treating some 
English well, and fled inland. Will try and confer with him, 
for he is a great soldier, and may be of service to England. Should 
Eoe fail, hopes to bring over one, born a Venetian, of almost 
equal ability. [Roe was sent by Prince Henry " upon a discovery 
to the West Indies/'] 

June 22. Thos. Lord De la Warr to Salisbury. Is weak from the effects of 
his long sickness, but no whit discouraged from proceeding with the 
business he has undertaken if it be prosecuted as it is begun. Would 
not have returned so suddenly if the winds had favoured his inten- 
tention for the West Indies at his departure from Virginia. Dares 
boldly say that there was never more hope than at present. 
Doubts not but to give full satisfaction to every doubt or scandal 
that lies upon that country, fearing nothing less than an honourable 
and profitable end, if it be not let fall. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., 
Vol. LXIV., No. 53, Gal. p. 48.] 

Aug. 17. 26. Sir Thomas Dale 'to [Salisbury]. Enlarges on the pious and 
James Town, heroic enterprise to which he has observed Salisbury lends no busy 
Virginia, thought so much welcome and grace. Testifies to the salubrity of 
the air, and the good soil of the country, and its numerous commo- 
dities which he describes Appeals to him, as a true lover of God and 
his country, to advance this work to it's proper height, and to send 
such labourers " as may take off the film of ignorance and simplicity 
which veil the eyes of these poor wretches from looking upon their 
own beauty." Confesses it is an enterprise of charge, but boldly 
affirms that if furnished with 2,000 men by April next, he would, 
in two years, settle a colony ready to answer all ends and expec- 




Dec. 18. 


Feb. 12. 



VOL. I. 

tations. Would by such means overmaster the subtle, mischievous, 
Great Powh atari, and through him the neighbouring savages. De- 
scription of the several places where he would settle plantations. 
The first should be at Point Comfort, the second 15 miles from 
thence, at a place called Diskaick, the third at James Town, the 
fourth at Arsahattacks, 80 miles up the river from Jarnes Town ; 
M'ould advise that the fifth be 10 miles above, to command the 
head of the river. Necessity of making good these several seats, 
without which it will be in vain to strive any longer to settle a 
handful of wretched people, and to look for great expectations from 
their labours. Present impossibility of benefit to the company. In- 
stances the prolific nature of the soil, and the coldness of men to 
this great work. Great advantages of the two plantations he pro- 
poses at Arsahattacks, and at the head of the falls ; if the 2,000 men 
were sent with six months' provisions, he would never after charge 
the company with any supplies for them. On account of the difficulty 
of procuring men in so short a time, all offenders out of the common 
gaols condemned to die should be sent for three years to the colony ; 
so do the Spaniards people the Indies. Their little colony murmurs 
at their present state for want of English provisions. The 300 dis- 
orderly persons he took with him are so profane, so riotous, and so full 
of mutiny, that not many are Christians but in name. Their bodies 
are so diseased and crazed that not sixty of them may be employed 
upon labour. Has thus appealed to him, and shown how the colony 
may become prosperous. A Spanish carvall, fitted with a shallop 
for discovery, lately came into their river, anchored at Point Com- 
fort, and sent, in search of a pilot, three Spaniards ashore, who he 
has detained prisoners. Leaves to his Lordship the consideration of 
the danger likely to befall them from their weak and unfortified 

John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton. Newport, the Admiral 
of Virginia, newly come home, brings word of the arrival there 
of Sir Thos Gates and his company. Lady Gates died by the way 
in some part of the West Indies. Her daughter sent home again, a 
prognostication that Sir Thos. means not to tarry long after. [ Extract 
from DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac I., Vol. LXVIL, No. 104, Gal. p. 101.] 

Chamberlain to Carleton. A lottery in hand for furthering the 
Virginia voyage. An under company erecting for the Bermudas, 
which has twice changed name, being first christened Virginiola, but 
now resolved to be called Somers Island, because of the continual 
temperate air and in remembrance of Sir Geo. Somers, who died 
there. [Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. L XVIII., 
No. 62, Calp. 120.] 

Letter to the Governor and Company of Virginia. To suffer 
Daniel Tucker, a personal adventurer since the first plantation, to 
pass by the next ship. [Docquet. DOMESTIC Jac. /.] 




March 12. 


VOL. I. 

Grant to the Earls of Salisbury, Suffolk and others, the Company 
of Adventurers and Planters in Virginia, confirming all their former 
privileges, and granting them more extensive property and more 
ample jurisdiction than in their former grant of 23 May 1609. 
{Colonial Entry BL, Vol. LXXIX., pp. 131-194.] 

[Mar. 12.] 27. Extract of the above. Power to hold four Courts during the 
year to be called the four great and general Courts of the Council and 
Company of Adventurers for Virginia, to elect Councillors, appoint 
officers for government of the affairs of the Company, and make 
laws for the good of the plantation. 

April 18. 

July 9. 


Sir John Digby to Salisbury. It is thought [the Spanish Ambas- 
sador] will be directed to intreat the King to remove the plantation 
in Virginia, first by fair means. Knows many consultations have 
been had for supplanting the English, but cannot learn that any 
particular resolution is taken. It is concluded that the settlement 
of the English there is not to be permitted {Copy. Extract from 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. LXVIII., No. 100, Gal p. 126. 
Original in Corresp. SPAIN. In the despatches of 1612 from 
the English Ambassador at Madrid numerous passages will be 
found relating to the plantation of Virginia ; the jealousy of 
the Spaniards, the reports of preparations to destroy it, and ridicule 
of the business, which was held not unlikely to sink of itself, the 
first undertakers having grown so weary of supplying the charge 
" that they were fain obliged to make a general kind of begging/' 
by way of lottery to sustain it. The Spanish Ambassador in London, 
Don Pedro de Cunega, also writes to the King of Spain on this 
subject, 22 Sept. 1612. Although some suppose the plantation to 
decrease he is credibly informed that there is a determination to 
marry some of the people that go over to the Virginians ; forty or 
fifty are already so married, and English women intermingle and are 
received kindly by the natives ; a zealous minister has been wounded 
for reprehending it. A lottery set on foot to raise 20,000 ducats and 
send away six ships with all the people that can be procured. Thinks 
it will be an easy matter " to remove these people," and that now it 
will be to the purpose to punish them, for they boldly attempt further 
plantations having already begun another in Terra Nova. Corresp. 
SPAIN, Inclosure, 13 May 1613.] 

John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton. It is generally believed 
that the Spanish Ambassador will expostulate about the English 
planting in Virginia. Fears the plantation will fall to the ground 
of itself " by the extreme beastly idleness of our nation," who, not- 
withstanding the cost and diligence used to support them, will rather 
starve than be industrious. Ships lately arrived from thence bring 
nothing but discomfort and that Sir Thos. Gates and Sir Thos. Dale 
are quite out of heart. Ten men sent to fish for their relief, slipped 
away to England and fill the town with ill reports, which will hinder 




Aug. 2? 

Oct. 10. 


May 13. 


Aug. 1. 

Ware Park. 

VOL. I. 

that business more than the lottery will further it. Order taken to 
have the runaways punished or at least sent back again. [Extract 
from DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. L, Vol LXX., No. 4, Gal. p. 137.] 

Henry Earl of Northampton to the King. The Bermudas Company 
advertised of the safe arrival of their ships. The Spaniards, dismayed 
at the frequency of hurricanes, durst not adventure there, but call 
it Dcemoniorum insulam. The English merchants have sent home 
some amber and seed pearls, " which the devils of the Bermudas 
love not better to retain than the angels of Castile do to recover." 
The island abounds in swine, fowl, and fish, which moves our men 
to grow more confident in the safe possession of a place they inhabit 
so peaceably. [Extract from DOMESTIC, Corresp.' Jac. I., Vol. LXX., 
No. 23, Gal p. 140.] 

28. Sir John Digby to Sir Dud. Carleton. Advertisement received 
of ships sent from Andalusia, ready to attempt the settlement of Vir- 
ginia. News since come from Seville that the Spaniards have 
overthrown the English in Virginia. Has been assured by the 
Secretary of State that no such information had come to his know- 
ledge, but he added that the Spaniards were much discontented that 
the plantation had been "handled" in the Council of State in 
England, and that they thought it very unfit that a company of 
voluntary and loose people, as he termed them, should be allowed to 
proceed in what might prove of so much inconvenience to the King 
of Spain. [Copy. Extract. Orig. in Gorresp. SPAIN.] 

29. Digby to the King. There has been further consultation con- 
cerning Virginia, but no resolution taken. It is hoped in Spain 
that the business will fall of itself, though Don Pedro de Cunega, 
[the Spanish Ambassador] when last in England, demanded that the 
removing of the plantation might be no longer deferred. [Extract. 
Copy. Orig. in Corresp. SPAIN, where in this year several despatches 
from the English Ambassador at Madrid will be found in reference 
to the consultations about the plantation in Virginia and the reso- 
lutions taken by the Spanish Government therein. The Spaniards 
hope the plantation will fall of itself. To endeavour to discover 
the true state of Virginia, one Clarke, an English pilot, was kept 
a close prisoner and sent to the gallies. It was hoped " business 
of that nature" would grow much colder after the death of Prince 

30. John Chamberlain to Sir Dud. Carleton. Many gentlemen who 
were persuaded to underwrite their names for adventurers when the 
Virginia business was at the highest, having flatly refused to pay 
their adventure, were sued in Chancery, where the action finds such 
favour that they are forced to fulfil their contract, which amounts to 
between 3,OOOL and 4,000 Sir Walter Cope cannot protect Wil. 
Lytton, Carleton's cousin, from disbursing his share, 40Z. [Copy. 
Extract. In the original letter, DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol 
L XXIV., No. 49, Gal. p. 197, Chamberlain also states that a -ship had 


1613. VOL ' L 

lately arrived from Virginia with news of their well doing, which 
puts some life into that action before almost at the last. The daugh- 
ter of a king, their greatest enemy, has been taken captive, for whose 
ransom her father offers to become their friend, and to point out 
gold mines. Three conditions were offered to him, viz., to deliver 
all the English fugitives, all manner of arms that have come into 
their hands, and 300 quarters of corn. These were agreed to. The 
ship brings no commodities from thence, but only fair tales and hopes. 
Pearl and ambergris to the value of 900L brought from Bermudas.] 

Aug. 28. Grant to Robert Harcourt, Sir Thos. Challoner, and John Roven- 
son, and to the heirs of Harcourt, of all that part of Guiana or 
Continent of America between the rivers Amazon and Dollesquebe. 
[Grant Boole, DOMESTIC Jac. I., p. 126.] 

Aug. 28. Minute of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

18 H. de Montmorency, Admiral of France, to King James. Com- 
28 plains of depredations committed upon some French subjects in 
Fontainebieau. Canada, called New France, by an English vessel the Treasurer, 
Capt. Sam. Agail [Argoll]. The English attacked a small set- 
tlement ''petite habitation) made by permission of the King of 
France, at the expense of the Marchioness of Guercheville, Lady of 
Honour to the Queen, killed many men, among them two Jesuits, 
and took two others prisoners into Virginia. The remainder of 
the men were put into a little skiff and abandoned to the mercy of 
the waters ; and the design has been thus ruined. Requests justice 
for such inhumanities, and King James' commands in three things ; 
that the two Jesuit fathers be sent back in safety with the other 
prisoners ; that the Marchioness have restitution for the loss of more 
than 100,000 livres ; and that the Council or Society of Virginia 
explicitly declare the bounds of their country, it having been con- 
ceived that the disorder may have arisen through the neighbourhood 
of the two settlements. Reminds the King that the French have 
had possession of New France for more than 80 years. Hopes a 
prudent remedy may be found, and a favourable answer returned 
through Mons. de Buisseaux, the French Ambassador. French. 
[Corresp. FRANCE. 18 Oct. 1613.] 

Oct. 27. John Chamberlain to Sir Dud. Carleton. Great store of amber- 
London, gris from the Somers Islands this year, the only commodity as yet. 
People begin to nestle and plant there very handsomely. The 
Spaniards, nothing pleased thereat, threaten to remove them next 
year, but the inhabitants are nothing dismayed, trusting rather to 
the difficulty of access, than to any other strength of their own. 
A piece of ambergris found as big as the body of a giant, the head 
and one arm wanting, but so foolishly handled, that it brake in 
pieces. The largest piece brought home, was not above 68 ounces, 
which sells for 12 or 15 shillings an ounce more than smaller pieces. 
[Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. L, Vol. LXXIV., No. 89, Gal 
p. 203.] 



Nov. 3. 


16 13? 


May 1 2. 


VOL. I. 

31. Sir John Digby to Sir Dudley Carleton. " Hot dispute" with 
the Spanish Secretary of State, about the English plantations in 
Virginia. The Secretary complained of King James giving per- 
mission to his subjects to plant in Virginia and the Bermudas, which 
of right belonged to the King of Spain, whose title to those lands, 
he urged, was indisputable by the conquest of Castile, and by the 
Pope's Bull of Donation. Arguments on both sides. Desires the 
Secretary would provide against the English merchants being 
wronged by way of fact, and that disputes as to title might be 
decided by fair courses between the two Kings. [Copy. Extract. 
Orig. in Corresp. SPAIN.] 

32. Account of the Countries and Provinces at this time actually 
possessed by the Spaniards and Portuguese in the West Indies. 
Almost all included within the two tropics, except two small towns, 
St. Augustin and St. Helena, in Florida. The Spanish towns 
within the Straits of Magellan, found by [Thos.] Candish [Caven- 
dish], in both his voyages, " utterly ruined and dispeopled/' The 
islands possessed by "the Spaniards are St. Juan de Puerto Rico, 
Hispaniola, Cuba, and Jamaica ; the great multitude of those other 
small islands adjoining, either desolate or inhabited only by a few 
savages. All countries on the east part of America, from 32 to 72 
degrees N.L., have not, nor never had, Spanish colony planted. 
They belong to the Crown of England by right of discovery and 
actual possession, taken on behalf of the Queen by the deputies of 
Sir Walter Raleigh, " and by the two English colonies thither de- 
ducted, whereof the later is yet there remaining/' They should not 
be given over to the Spaniards, who have already more than they can 
well wield. Discovery and possession of New Albion by Sir Fras. 
Drake. Arguments whether an Englishman may trade to the West 
Indies ; it is contended, that the sea and trade are common to all, 
both by the law of nature and of nations, and that the voyages of 
Sir John Hawkins and Sir Fras. Drake were u no private but 
public actions." Answers to the Bull of Pope Alexander VI., dated 
1493, upon which depends the title of the King of Spain. [See 

33. Copy of the preceding, temp. Car. II. 

Endorsed by Wil- 

Jolm Chamberlain to Sir Dud. Carleton. Sir Thos. Gates is come 
from Virginia. He brings word that if that plantation be not 
presently supplied, it will fall to the ground, and speaks of wonder- 
ful commodities to be had there, if with patience and cost they were 
brought to perfection. [On 1 9 May, Chamberlain writes, that Dick 
Martin came to the Parliament House, as a Councillor, to plead for 
the upholding of the Virginia Colony, but so schooled the House that 
he was called to the bar to make submission. Lords Southampton, 
Sheffield, and De la Warr were present to countenance the cause. 




Sept. 20. 

Feb. 22. 


VOL. I. 

[Extracts from DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. L XX VII., Nos. 22, 
26, Gal. p. 234. The proceedings in Parliament in this business will 
be found entered in the Commons Journals of 17 and 18 May 1614.] 

Letter to Sir Thos. Dale, Marshal of the colony in Virginia, To 
send home by the next ship Eliezer Hopkins. [Docquet. DOMESTIC 
Jac. /.] 

The Privy Council to the Mayor and Aldermen of Canterbury. 
Send a true declaration of the state of the English colony in 
Virginia, together with a project by help of a lottery, to bring that 
work to the success desired. Commend that worthy and Christian 
enterprise to their care, and require that they will employ their best 
endeavours to persuade persons of ability to adventure in the lottery. 
Inclose from the Treasurer and Council of Virginia, books requisite 
for registering the sums adventured, which it is requested may be 
returned with the money collected. [The Tnclosures are wanting. 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. /., Vol. LXXX., No. 37, Gal. p. 274. See 
4 March 1621.] 

June 29. The Bermudas Charter. Grant to Henry Earl of Southampton, 
Westminster. Lucy Countess of Bedford, Will. Earl of Pembroke, Will. Lord 
Paget, Will. Lord Cavendish, Sir Ralph Winwood, Sir Ilobt. Rich, 
Sir Thos. Smythe, and others, of incorporation, by the name of the 
Governor and Company of the City of London for the plantation 
of the Somers Islands, with sole government and power to make 
laws, conformable to the Laws of England. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. XVII., pp. 1-46.] 

June 29. 

June 29. 

June 3. 

Minute of the above, dated 29 July. 
Jan 9.] 

[Colonial Corresp., 1607, 

Minute of the 
Jac. I., p. 177.] 

above, dated 29 July. [Grant BL, DOMESTIC 

34. Sir Thos. Dale to Sec. Sir Ralph Win wood. Has safely re- 
turned from the hardest task he ever undertook. Left the colony 
[of Virginia] in great prosperity and peace, contrary to many men's 
expectations. Particulars of the ship's dargo, commodities from 
thence. Will present himself with the greatest speed, and give an 
account of that admirable country, one of the goodliest and richest 
kingdoms of the world, which being inhabited by the King's sub- 
jects " will put such a bit into our aacient enemies mouth, as will 
curb his haughtiness of monarchy." [On 22 June Chamberlain 
writes to Carleton, that Sir Thos. Dale has brought from Virginia 
some ten or twelve of that country, among whom the most remark- 
able person is Pocahuntas, daughter to Powhatan, a King or Cacique 
there, married to one Rolfe, an Englishman. Hears of no other 
riches from thence, but sassafras, tobacco, pitch, and clap-board. 
The country good to live in if well stored with people, and might in 
time be commodious, but no present profit to be expected. Extract 
from DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. L, Vol. LXXXVII.,p. 67, Gal. p. 375.] 






VOL. I. 

Geo. Lord Carew. Extracts from letter to Sir Thos. Roe, in the 
form of a journal. Sir Thos. Dale returned from Virginia and 
brought divers men and women of that country to be educated in 
England. One Rolfe also brought his wife, Pocahuntas, the daughter 
of Powhataii, " the Barbarous Prince." The worst of that plantation 
is passed, and our men well victualled by their own industry, but 
yet no profit returned. Little good to be expected from the Ber- 
mudas. Knows only of tobacco being made there. Rats have so 
multiplied that they destroy whatever is planted. 

This month five planters in Bermudas, fearing, as they say, to die 
with famine, built a boat of about two tons, little bigger than a 
double wherry, and, provided with victuals, committed themselves to 
the mercy of the ocean, and safely arrived in England. Great fears 
for the success of that plantation. Is hopeless of any profit from 
thence. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. /., Vol. XC., No. 24, Gal, pp. 

35. Mem. in the handwriting of Sir Jos. Williamson concerning 
New Netherlands. About 1616 or 1617 some private persons of 
Amsterdam set on foot a trade to the parts between 40 and 45 de- 
grees ; but upon complaint, in 1621, of Sir Dudley Carleton, the 
Kind's Ambassador at the Hacjue, it was answered there was no 


plantation or settlement to impeach the English right. 

Chamberlain to Carleton. The Virginian woman Pocahuntas, with 
her father counsellor, have been with the King and graciously used ; 
both were well placed at the mask. She is upon her return, sorely 
against her will. [On 29th March, Chamberlain writes that the 
Virginian woman, whose picture he sent to Carleton, died last week 
at Gravesend, as she was returning home. Extracts from DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Jac. /., Vol. XC., Nos. 25 and 146, Col. pp. 429. 453.] 

March. Geo. Lord Carew. Extracts from journal sent to Sir Thos. Roe. 
Some four or five "of your men " richly returned from the Amazon 
in a Holland ship. It is said that they brought home tobacco, 
which has been sold for 2,300?., and some ingots of gold. The rest 
remain there, and those come over mean to return. 

December. Capt. Harvey, who was three years with Robt. Harcourt, in 
Guiana, gone again to try his fortune there. The river Wiapoco to 
be his first harbour. He, with seventy men, are victualled for eleven 
months in a ship of 200 tons, and means the ship to return, and the 
men to stay there. [Extracts from DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., 
Vol. XCV. } No. 22, Cal pp. 514. 516.] 

Dec. 27. 36. Lord De la Warr's covenant to Lord Zouch for his adventure to 
Virginia. Lord Zouch having adventured 100Z. with De la Warr in 
his present intended voyage to Virginia, the latter agrees to pay all 
expenses for the transportation of seven men, and for their sub- 
sistence ; one-third profits of their labour to be sent to England for 
the use of Lord Zouch. 

Jan. 18. 




Jan 31. 


May 3. 

June 11. 


Oct. ]9. 


Oct. 25. 


VOL. I. 

Chamberlain to Carleton. Lord Dela Warr returning to Virginia ; 
takes seven or eight score men with him. Sir Thos. Gates " makes 
account" to follow some time next summer. [Extract from DOMES- 
TIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. XGV. } No. 27, Gal p. 518.] On the 
16 March following Chamberlain writes that De la Warr has at last 
set out for Virginia. {Ibid. Vol. XGVI., No. 63, p. 527.] 

37. Lord Admiral Nottingham's pass for the Edwin of London 
returned from Virginia. [On 4 May John Bargrave, owner, and 
Jas. Brett, master of the Edwin entered into a bond of 100?. to 
indemnify Lord Zouch for delivering the ship with her cargo up to 
them. See DOMESTIC Gorresp. Jac. I., Vol. XCVII., No. 56, Gal. 
p. 538.] 

Lord Zouch to Capt. Ward. Intends to adventure his pinnace 
with [Capt. John] Bargrave to Virginia. Desires him to prepare 
the bargain and advise him of the best course to be taken. [Minute. 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. GUI., No. 44, Gal. p. 544.] 

38. Project of the intended voyage to Virginia by Capt. Andrews 
and Jacob Braems, merchant, in the Silver Falcon, addressed to Lord 
Zouch. Their intention is to leave certain people in the country to 
plant tobacco and command to exchange commodities with the English 
colony ; to discover and trade with the savages ; to fish upon the 
coast of Canada, and exchange the fish when salted for commodities 
from Virginia. The rumour of Lord De la Warr's death has discou- 
raged some who promised to adventure money and deterred others 
who offered to go in person. Entreat his protection, and that they 
may enjoy the privilege of free trade and plantation in those 
parts, promising in the event of any extraordinary benefit accruing 
to them that they will give a proportion towards the charges of the 
company. [On 14 Oct. Chamberlain writes that Lord De la Warr 
died on his voyage to Virginia, having touched at the Terceras, 
where he was feasted and well used, but the sickness and death of 
him and of most of them that landed make it suspected that they 
had ill measure. The city is now shipping thither a hundred 
young boys and girls who lay starving in the streets, the charge 
will not be above 500. Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., 
Vol. GUI., No. 33, Gal p. 584.] 

Sir Edward Hext, Justice of the Peace of Somersetshire, to the 
Privy Council. Upon complaint that Owen Evans, Messenger of 
the Chamber, had pretended a commission to press maidens to be 
sent to the Bermudas and Virginia, and raised money thereby, 
he issued a warrant for his apprehension. Evans's undue proceedings 
breed such terror to the poor maidens, that forty have fled from one 
parish to obscure places, and their parents do not know what has 
become of them. [DOMESTIC Gorresp. Jac. /., Vol. GUI., No. 42, 
Gal. p. 586. Another letter on this subject, with examinations en- 
closed, will be found Hid. No. 87, Gal. p. 594.] 

John Pory to Sir Dudley Carleton. Capt. Yeardley chosen Go- 
vernor of Virginia in Lord De la Warr's place (who died in Canada) ; 



1618. VOL ' L 

departs immediately thither with two ships, and about 300 men and 
boys. The greatest difficulties of that plantation [overcome]. 
" They begin now to enjoy both commodity and wealth.'" [Extract 
from DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. GUI., No. 46, Cal. p. 587.] 
On 28 Nov., Chamberlain writes, that Capt. Yeardley, " a mean 
fellow," goes Governor to Virginia, two or three ships being ready. 
To grace him the more, the King knighted him this week at New- 
market, " which hath set him up so high, that he flaunts it up and 
down the streets in extraordinary bravery, with fourteen or fifteen 
fair liveries after him." [Ibid, No. 110, Cal p. 598.] 

Nov. 16. Grant to the Governor and Company of Adventurers of London 
trading to Africa, of divers privileges to them and their successors. 
[Minute. Grant Bk. DOMESTIC Jac. /., p. 268.] 

Dec. ? 39. Articles of Grievances mentioned in the petition of the 
Western ports, touching those of the plantation of Newfoundland. 
The planters have put sundry of the petitioners from the chiefest 
places of fishing; great quantities of their provisions have been 
appropriated ; they have been prevented from taking birds, which 
are used for bait ; fees have been exacted from them ; and 
pirates harboured to their great prejudice. [On 19 Oct. 1618, the 
Earl of Bath incloses a petition of the merchants of Devon [want- 
ing] to the Privy Council, concerning some hard measures offered 
them in their fishing at Newfoundland, by those of the late plan- 
tation there, which he recommends to their favourable considera- 
tion, and that the merchants may be secured from further dis- 
turbance in the enjoyment of their privileges. DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Jac. /., Vol. GUI., No. 43, Cal. p. 586.] 

Dec. ? 40. Answer of the Company of the Plantation of Newfoundland to 
the articles of grievances of the Western ports. Conceive that their 
chargeable maintenance of a colony entitle the inhabitants to choose 
their fishing places. Know of no wrongs done to the fishermen. If 
taking of birds has been denied, it shall be ordered to the contrary. 
Utterly disclaim the exaction of fees. Complain that the very 
great damages they have received by pirates have almost over- 
thrown the colony. Are desirous to join with the western men in 
that business, and for keeping good order in the country. Inclose 
certain orders, which have been published in the King's name. 
Signed by John Slany, Treasurer, Hump. Handforde, Hump. Slany, 
Kobt. Gairard, Wm. Paine, and Wm. Freeman. Annexed, 

40. i. Proclamation "by John Guy, Governor of Newfoundland, 
against abuses and bad customs, by persons who use 
the trade of fishing in those pmi,s. Cooper's Cove, 1611, 
Aug. 13. [Copy.'] 

[Dec.] 41 . Reply of the Petitioners [of the Western ports] to the answer of 
the Governors of Newfoundland plantation. No privilege given 
bv the charter to planters for fishing before others ; if choice of 


1618. > L 

places is admitted contrary to common usage, the petitioners con- 
tend that they ought rather to have it. Desire that the liberties 
reserved to them by charter may be confirmed. Disclaim committing 
any abuses in the country, and request that the offenders may be 
examined. The petitioners, knowing better how to manage the 
fishing than the planters can direct, declare that they are altogether 
unwilling to be ordered by the planters, or to join with them as 
they desire. Annexed, 

41. I. Extract of the Patent, [to Henry Earl of Northampton, Sir 

Fran. Bacon, and others, for the colony or plantation in 
Newfoundland, from 46 to 52 deg. Nor. lat., together with 
the seas and islands lying within ten leagues of the coast,] 
reserving to all manner of persons of what nation so- 
ever, as well as the English, the right of trade and 
Jishing in " the parts aforesaid." Westminster, May 2, 
1610. [Copy.] 

1618. 42. Jo. Smith to Lord Bacon. Incloses a paper concerning New 

England, the contents of which during 1 9 years he has encountered 
no few dangers to learn. With 5,000. he durst adventure to bring 
wealth, honour, and a kingdom to His Majesty's posterity. Annexed, 

42. i. Description of New England, the extraordinary profits 

arising from the fisheries there, and the great facilities 
for plantation. Also a list showing the difference 
between the old and the new names in the map of New 
England. To show the difference betwixt Virginia and 
Neiv England has added maps of them both. [That of 
New England is wanting.] 

42. ii. A very rough plan, " a description of the land of Vir- 
ginia, 1 ' [ ? the Map referred to above.] 

1618. 43. Seven articles which the Church of Ley den sent to the Council 

of England to be considered of, in respect of their judgments occasioned 
about their going to Virginia. Endorsed, " Copy of Seven Articles 
sent unto the Council of England by the Brownists of Leyden." 


Feb. 15. 44. Warrant by Lord Zouch for John Fenner, capt. of the Silver 
Falcon, and Henry Bacon, master, to pass to Virginia and trade 
with the colony there, as also with the savages of those parts. 

Apl. 30. Thos. Locke to Sir D. Carleton. Great project in hand for a 
Westminster, plantation upon the River Amazon, near Guiana. A company to be 
erected, and Capt. North, brother to Lord North, to be Governor, 
The Earls of Arundel, Warwick, and others of great estate, adven- 
turers. [Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. L, Vol. GVIII., 
No. 85, Gal. p. 41. On 26 Feb. 1620, Chamberlain writes that Lord 
Digby argues against North's journey to the Amazon as prejudicial 
to the King of Spain, adding that the Spanish Ambassador at his 
arrival would prevent it. Ibid., Vol. CXI I., No. 104, Cal. p. 125. 
See Proclamation, 15 May 1620.] 


1619. VOL ' L > 

May 8. Chamberlain to Carleton. The Virginia Company have displaced 
London. Sir Thos. Smythe and made Sir Edwin Sandys their Governor, but 
the matter is little amended, when the next court Smythe was con- 
firmed in his presidentship of the Somers Islands. Could hardly 
tell how to resolve if put to his choice. [Extract from DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Jac.L, Vol. CIX., No. 18, Cal p. 44.] 

July 30. 45. Report of proceedings in the General Assembly convened at 
James City in Virginia July 30, [1619, consisting of Governor Sir 
Geo. Yeardley, the Council of State, and two Burgesses elected from 
each incorporation and plantation ; dissolved on 4th August. The 
following places sent two Burgesses each, viz : James, Charles, and 
Henricus cities, Kiccowtan, Capt. John Martin's plantation, Smythe's 
hundred, Martin's hundred, Argoll's gift, Flowerdieu hundred, and 
Capt. Lawne's and Capt. Warde's plantations. They sat in the 
choir of the church, the most convenient place they could find, the 
minister of which was Mr. Buck. A tax of 1 Ib. of tobacco was 
ordered to be levied on every man and manservant above 16 years 
of age, to be distributed to the speaker, the clerk and the serjeant 
of the Assembly, and the provost marshal of James City, for their 
great "pains and labour. During this short session orders were agreed 
to concerning the rights of several of the Burgesses to their seats in 
the Assembly, committees were appointed to examine into the Great 
Charter and the orders and laws sent by Sir Geo. Yeardley. Several 
petitions were read respecting the possession of divers portions of 
land, erecting a University and College, and changing the savage 
name of Kiccowtan plantation. The price of tobacco was fixed at 
3s. per Ib. the best and 18d. the second. Laws were enacted for the 
conversion of the Indians to the Christian religion, the planting of 
corn, mulberry trees, silk flax, hemp, and vines, for the general order- 
ing of the colony and for " every man's private conceipt." Thos. 
Garnett, servant to Capt. Wil. Powell, was condemned to stand four 
days with his ears nailed to the pillory, for extreme neglect of his 
master's business and impudent abuse. Capt. Henry Spelman, who 
confessed to having spoken to the Indians very irreverently and 
maliciously against the government, was degraded of his title at the 
head of his troop and condemned to seven years servitude to the 
colony, as interpreter to the Governor. Through the extreme heat 
and the alteration in the healths of the Governor and divers 
members, it was resolved that the 4th August should be the last 
day of meeting of this first session. Endorsed by Carleton, " Mr. 
Pory out of Virginia." 

1619. 46. Note of the shipping, men, and provisions, sent to Virginia by 

the Treasurer and Company. Twelve ships are enumerated in this 
list as having taken out 1,261 persons, in the year 1619, making the 
number of English in Virginia to amount to about 2,400 souls ; the 
cattle to about 500 ; with some horses and goats, and infinite number 
of swine. Among the names of those who have given to the colony 
are Mary Robinson, who in 1618, by will, gave 200?. towards found- 




Jaii. 28. 


VOL. I. 

ing a church ; au unknown person 550. in gold, for bringing up the 
children of infidels in the true religion ; and Nicholas Ferrar, by 
will, 300Z. to the College, to be paid when ten infidel children are 
placed in it. 

Sir Edwin Sandys to Sec. Sir Robt. Naunton. The City of 
London have appointed one hundred children, from their superfluous 
multitude, to be transported to Virginia, there to be bound appren- 
tices, upon very beneficial conditions. They have also granted 5002. 
for their passage and outfit. Some of the ill-disposed children, who 
under severe masters in Virginia may be brought to goodness, and 
of whom the City is especially desirous to be disburdened, declare 
their unwillingness to go. The City wanting authority to deliver, 
and the Virginia Company to transport these children against their 
will, desire higher authority to get over the difficulty. [DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Jac. /., Vol. CXI I., No. 49, Gal. p. 118.] 

March 3. 47. Petition of the Council for the second colony and others, ad- 
venturers in the western parts of England, for the plantation in the 
north of Virginia, to the King. Pray for the same privileges that 
have been granted to the first colony, and for an enlargement of 
their patent ; that their territories may be called New England, as 
named by Prince Charles, and the bounds settled from 40 -to 45 
degrees of northern latitude. With reference to the Duke of Lenox 
and the Earl of Arundel for their opinion. 

March 3. 48. Short abstract of part of the above petition. 

March 13 ? Request by the planters of New England, so called by Prince 
Charles, that the bounds thereof may be settled from 40 to 45 deg. 
Nor. lat., and so from sea to sea thro' the main as the coast lyeth. 
[Minute. Colonial Corresp., 1609, p. 8.] 

49. The Privy Council to the Mayors of sea-port towns in the 
west. To give directions to the masters of vessels bound to 
Newfoundland for the fishing voyage to forbear from all acts of 
hostility, and from such other disorders as have been heretofore com- 
mitted ; and also to entertain friendly correspondence with those of 
the plantation. [Circular copy.] 

Apr. ? 50. Reasons to move the Privy Council to grant licence to export 

iron ore, &c. to Newfoundland, for the making of bar iron there. 
Endorsed, " Ordered 11 April 1620." 

May 15. Proclamation. Captain Roger North, and his fellow adventurers 
having contrary to command, secretly embarked for the intended 
plantation near the river Amazon, the King declares his utter mis- 
like of their rash and insolent attempt, revokes any commission 
they may pretend to hold from His Majesty, and commands their 
immediate return and surrender, or their seizure by any vessels that 
may meet with them. Printed. [Proclamations) Jac. /., No, 80.] 

Mar. 18, 



May 22. 

at. John's. 

June 7. 

July 8. 

Nov 3 to 

April 3. 
Nov. 3. 

VOL. I. 

Sir Fras. Lovell to Sec. Naunton. Attended the King on Satur- 
day last, with the rest of the Amazon Company, and then yielded to 
such a resignation as His Majesty should devise. Being a recusant, 
and not able to appear at Court under penalty of 100?., requests 
warrant for his protection. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. GXV-, 
No. 51, Gal p. 147.] 

51. Sir Edwin Sandys to the Marquis of Buckingham. Justifies 
himself in exposing the courses of Sir Thos. Smythe and his up- 
holders, whose management of the affairs of Virginia perpetually 
keeps down the prosperity of the plantation, they having enriched 
themselves unlawfully and hazarded the utter extirpation of the 
colony. Declares that in one year with 8,000?. he did more for the 
advancement of that colony than was done by Sir Thos. Smythe in 
twelve years, at an expense of nearly 80,000?. Entreats that his 
answer may be asked for, before judgment is given by the King, 
upon any complaints against him. Will cheerfully bestow one year 
more in the place he held last year for Virginia, if the King's ap- 
probation call him to it, and in such case will offer a project for 
raising a great and speedy revenue. Implores him, by the many 
great graces wherewith God hath furnished him, to protect and 
" repatriate the long exiled in His Majesties favour." 

Chamberlain to Carleton. Last week the Virginia Company 
chose the Earl of Southampton their Treasurer or Governor ; they 
hope matters will go forward there better than heretofore. Will 
send him a book of all their orders and constitutions, with the 
names of adventurers, and the sums adventured. [Extract from 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXVL, No. 13, Gal p. 162.] 

Nov. 3. 
Nov. 3. 
Nov. 3. 

Nov. 3. 
Nov. 3. 

52. Extracts of several patents, grants, and deeds relating to New 
England, calendared under their respective dates. 

Patent of incorporation to the Duke of Lenox, Marquis of 
Buckingham, and others, as the Council established at Plymouth 
for the plantation and government of the second colony, lying 
between 40 and 48 degrees of North latitude, to be called New 
England, with power to choose to the number of 40, to be of 
that Council. Certified copy. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LIX., 
pp. 1-28.] 

Docquet of the above. [Grant Bk., p. 332, DOMESTIC Jac. /.] 
Abstract of the above. [Colonial Corresp., Vol. I., No. 52.] 

Grant to George, Marquis of Buckingham, of a seat in the Council 
for the plantation of New England. [Grant Bk., p. 283, DOMESTIC 
Jac. /.] 

Minute of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

Similar grant to George [James], Marquis of Hamilton; [ Grant Bk >} 
p. 323, DOMESTIC Jac. /.] 



Nov. 3. 

Nov. 3. 

Nov. 3. 
Nov. 3. 

Nov. 3. 

March 4 

March 6. 


March 8. 


March 9. 
[March 16.] 

VOL. I. 
Minute of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

Similar grant to Thomas, Earl of Arundel. [Grant. Bk., p. 281, 
DOMESTIC Jac. /.] 

Minute of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

Similar grant to Robert, Earl of Warwick. [Grant Bk., p. 307, 
DOMESTIC Jac. /.] 

Similar grants to Henry, Earl of Southampton, and William, Earl 
of Salisbury. [Grant Bk., p. 305, DOMESTIC Jac. /.] 

Order of the Privy Council upon the complaint of Parliament of 
the great abuse of lotteries for raising monies towards the advance- 
ment of the plantation in Virginia, and the relief of the distressed 
colonies there ; suspending the same, and directing a proclamation 
to that effect to be prepared for the King's signature. [Colonial 
Entry Bk, Vol. LXXIX., p. 201.] 

53. Grant by Sir Geo. Yeardley, Governor of Virginia, to Geo. 
Harrison, of Charles City, gentleman, who hath abode in the 
colony three years, of 200 acres of land, situate on the opposite side 
of the river over against the Governor's " Mansion House," to be 
doubled by the Virginia Company when sufficiently planted and 
peopled ; 50 in his own personal right, and the other 150 for having 
transported at his own charge three servants. Jeremy Whiniard, 
Jas. Taylour, and Wil. Broomeman. [A large piece has been cut 
off one corner of this paper, but the missing portion is supplied by 
Sir Jos. Williamson.] 

Proclamation. Upon request erf those intending to make a plan- 
tation in Virginia, the King commands the Virginia Company to 
forbear their licence for keeping and continuing any lottery. [Pro- 
clamations, Jac. /., No. 89.] 

Grant by the Council of Plymouth to Capt. Mason of Cape Anne. 
[Colonial Corresp., 1620, Nov. 3.] 

54. Petition of the Treasurer and Company, with the Scottish 
undertakers of the plantations in Newfoundland, to the King. 
By twelve years' quiet possession, under His Majesty's patent, 
Newfoundland has become a hopeful country, employing yearly 300 
ships, with 10,000 British seamen, and thereby relieving 20,000 
more poor people of the western parts of England, who wholly 
depend thereon for their maintenance. The customs of goods 
imported produce a yearly revenue of near 10,000. The country 
has for many years been infested with pirates, and suffered exceed- 
ingly by the disorderly courses of the fishermen. The King's 
subjects, both of England and Scotland, are now joined together, in 
hopes of making a more settled plantation there. The petitioners pray 
for a grant to John Mason, the present Governor, empowering him 
to act as the King's Lieutenant in those parts, with two ships or 
more, as shall be found requisite, and that he may have, to defray 




Aug. 11. 

Oct. 24. 


Oct. 27. 

Dec. 15. 


VOL. I. 

his charges, five nobles, or 500 dry fish, about the fiftieth part of 
a boat's ordinary fishing voyage in the summer. Underwritten is 
a reference to the Lord Steward, Lord Chamberlain, the Earl of 
Arundel, Lord Vis. Falkland, and Sec. Calvert to report upon this 
petition and papers annexed. Annexed, 

54. I. Reasons to move the King to take order that a lieutenant be 
sent yearly to Newfoundland to guard the coasts from 
pirates, and preserve good order amongst the fishing 

54. II. Names of certain pirates, with the damage done by them 
in Newfoundland since 1612. The amount of damage 
sustained is estimated at 40,800. ; besides the loss of 
above 180 pieces of ordnance, and 1,080 fishermen, 
sailors, carpenters, and gunners, taken by force or other- 
wise carried away. 

54. in. Some few instances of certain misdemeanors and in- 
juries committed by the fishermen in 1620. 

55. Answer of the Virginia Company to the request of the Wal- 
loons and French to plant in Virginia, signed by John Ferrar, Deputy. 
Do not conceive any inconvenience, provided the number does not 
exceed 300, and they take the oath of allegiance to the King and 
conform to the rules of government established in the Church of 
England. Cannot recommend the King to aid them with shipping; 
the exhausted stock of the Company prevents them from affording 
any help. Land will be granted to them in convenient numbers 
in the principal cities, boroughs, and corporations in Virginia. 

Order of the Privy Council, directing that tobacco and all other 
commodities from Virginia shall be first landed in England and 
the King's customs paid before being taken to any foreign country. 
The execution of this order to be respited four months. [Colonial 
Entry Bh, Vol. LXXIX.,pp. 201-2.] 

Letter to Sir Ferd. Gorges and others, Commissioners for estab- 
lishing orders amongst the fishermen of Newfoundland, to impart 
to the masters of the fishing fleet certain orders inclosed. 
[Docquet. DOMESTIC Jac. I. The orders are wanting.] 

56. The Privy Council to [Sir Dudley Carleton]. The King 
granted to particular persons, by patent, some years since, certain 
parts of the north of Virginia, " by us called New England." Under- 
stand that the past year the Hollanders left a colony there, and have 
given new names to several ports belonging to that part of the 
country, and are now about to send six or eight ships thither with 
supplies. It is the King's pleasure that Carleton should represent 
these things to the States General, in His Majesty's name, and 
require them to discontinue the plantation and stay the ships. 
[With note underneath, that it was " signed as the other, to Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges" Orig. in HOLLAND.] 


1621? VOL ' L 

57. Brief discourse of the reasons and motives why there ought to 
be, besides the colleges of directors for trade in the West Indies, a 
Council ; that so neighbouring Princes and Republics that come in 
with great sums of money may be admitted to that Council ; and 
why each Province ought to adventure according to the capital they 
bring in. {Imperfect. Translated from the orig. Dutch, in 
HOLLAND Corresp.] 

Account of losses sustained by the Company of Adventurers in 
voyages of discovery to Guinea, Biimey, and the River Gambia, in 
1618, 1619, and 1620. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. L, Vol. CXXIV., 
No. 115, Call). 330.] 

Vol. II. 16221623. 


Feb. 5. 1. Sir Dudley Carleton, Ambassador at the Hague, to the Privy 
Council. Has received their letters of 15th Dec. last, touching the 
Hollanders entering a year since, and planting a colony upon some 
parts of the north of Virginia. Has moved the States General to stay 
any ships bound thither, and to prohibit the further prosecution of 
that plantation. Finds that about four or five years ago two com- 
panies of Amsterdam merchants began to trade with the savages 
for furs in those parts which they named New Netherlands, and have 
continued to do so ever since. Does not believe there is so much as a 
colony intended, because a considerable number of families have been 
suitors to him to procure a place of habitation amongst the King's 
subjects there. [Sec. Calvert writes on 7 Feb. that he does not 
remember Carleton had any directions about such a plantation. 
Three score families of Walloons had applied for a portion of land, 
which was referred to the Virginia Company. [See p. 26, No. 55.] 
Should Carleton have further orders, would be glad to understand 
it. See HOLLAND Corresp., 7 Feb. 1622.] Incloses, 

1. i. Representation of Sir Dudley Carleton to the States General 
of the United Provinces. Protests in the King's name 
against the occupation by the Dutch of certain parts of 
Virginia, against their changing the names of ports and 
havens ; and dispatching six or eight vessels thence, now 
ready to sail, to keep up their colony. Sets forth the title 
of King James to all that territory. 1622, Jan. 30. 
[French. Copies. The original of both these papers are 
in the HOLLAND Corresp.] 

Feb. 6. 2. Gondomar, the Spanish Ambassador in England, to the Company 
of Merchants of the Bermudas. The St. Anthony of 300 tons 
was wrecked near those islands, and her freight, which consisted of 





gold, silver, and merchandise, to the value of more than 6,000 
crowns, was seized by the English there, who also took possession of 
the cock boat, and even of the clothes belonging to the passengers, 
Spaniards. Requests immediate satisfaction for those losses, and 
security for the freedom of five Spaniards, captives in the Bermudas. 
[Copy.] On the same sheet are annexed, 

2. i. The Company's answer to Gondomar. Are surprised at 
the Ambassador's allegation, which they believe is 
grounded upon misinformation. Thanks rather titan 
accusations are deserved, and have been given by the 
better sort of the unfortunate Spaniards who were 
wrecked. All Gondomar's charges are entirely refuted. 
The vessel was suddenly beaten all to shivers ten miles 
from land ; no treasure could be recovered, and every 
means was taken to assist and provide for the comfort of 
the shipwrecked passengers. 9 Feb. 

2. u. Gondomar's reply to the Company. Desires exceedingly 

that this business of the Spanish ^vreck might be accom- 
modated and ended without further process, but seeing by 
their answer that there cannot be agreement made, he 
must, therefore, refer it to the King his master, that his 
subjects may receive satisfaction for losses and injuries 
received. 1 1 Feb. 

Feb. 22. 3. Interrogatories to be administered to the masters, mariners, and 
passengers of the Joseph and the James lately returned from the 
Somers Islands, and others, touching the complaint of certain 
Spaniards wrecked upon the rocks near that coast. Annexed, 

3. i.-xvin. Eighteen examinations in answer to the above 

interrogatories taken on 22nd, 23rd, and 25th Feb., and 
on 1st March 1622. 

March 9. Grant, by Indenture, of the Council for New England to John 
Mason, of Cape Trebizond or Cape Anne, situate to the north of 
Massachusetts. [Copy. Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LIX., p. 93-100.] 

March 27. Grant to Sir Thomas Arundel of the island called the Basse, 
lying N. by W. from Ireland, not yet inhabited, to hold for the term 
of fifty years, under a yearly rent of 51. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, 
Jan. 9.] 

April 12. 4. Petition of John Bargrave to the Privy Council. Has spent 
8,000?. or 10,000?. in the wars and public service of his country, and 
four years ago was the first planter of a private colony in Virginia. 
Obtained a patent of free trade from the Virginia Company, and 
accordingly sent servants and shipping thither. The best part of 
his estate has been violently taken from him by the Company. 
Prays that his business may be taken to heart, and that certain 
articles which he has drawn up for the examination of abuses, and 
for a new form of government for that colony, may be forthwith 
read and answered. This petition and the articles annexed, are 


1622. VOL - IL 

referred and ordered to be sent to the Governor and Council of the 
Plantation in Virginia for their answer in writing. Annexed, 

4. I. Articles drau'n out of the information of John Bar grave, 
showing, as he has done both in Parliament and in Chan- 
cery, the abuses of the former government of Virginia. 
Sir Thos. Smythe is charged with having, contrary to the 
patent and royal instructions, caused a certain book to be 
printed of tyrannical government in Virginia, whereby 
many lost their lives, and were brought into slavery, and 
Bargrave has been damnified to his great loss. Smythe, 
Alderman Johnson, and others, have made a monopoly 
of the plantation, and of the labour of all the planters 
there, by debarring them of free trade. By encouraging 
only tobacco and sassafras, other commodities have been 
neglected, and 8 or 30 ships going to Virginia in one 
year have all returned empty. By seizing Bargrave s 
ships, detaining goods, and fraudulently selling them, he 
and his partners have been prejudiced 6,600Z. These abuses 
have been proved before the Lord Keeper, and referred by 
him to the Privy Council. The plantation consists only 
of public servants, planted by the lotteries, and divers 
private colonies. Power is in the Company to dispose of 
the whole plantation, or of any pi4vate man's estate. Al- 
though nou) in good hands, nothing but altering the 
form of government will prevent these evils. Bargrave's 
proceedings for redress. His propositions to Smythe four 
years since to erect a magazine for the public, and make 
it the farmer to the King of the sole importation of 
tobacco. Smythe refuses ; his reasons. No ^uay left to 
make a public stock but by searching into the old debts, 
and Smythe' s unexaminable accounts, and the abuses of 
the government. Bargrave begs a commission from the 
King may be appointed to examine, rectify, and order 
the government so that it may be Jixed in a dependency 
on the Crown of England. Suggests that a learned 
treatise upon the government of Virginia by Ignotus, 
" to which the Court hath given good allowance," may 
be consulted, that no help may be wanting to give 
furtherance to this noble business, and hold the planta- 
tion to England. 

4. ii. State of the case between John Bargrave, plaintiff, and 
Sir Thos. Smythe, Sir John Wolstenholme, Alderman 
Robert Johnson, Will. Canning, and Will. Essington, 
defendants, with reference to the losses Bargrave has 
sustained by being prohibited free trade in Virginia 
according to his patent. 9 Feb. 

May 12. 5. Geo. Harrison to his brother John Harrison. Requests he 
James City will make certain payments for him in money and tobacco, which he 
[Virginia.] w jj rece i ve from Cousin Bennett.. For all their hard misfortunes, 
hopes to have a good crop of tobacco this year. 


1622, VOL ' IL 

May 31, 6. Fragment of the records of the Corporation, commonly called 
to the "Council for New England/' created by patent in 1620, and 

1623, dissolved by resignation in ] 635. [Forty -four pages. These Minutes 
June 21. and Orders will be found calendared under their respective dates. 

Upon the first page has been subsequently written, temp., Car. II., 
" A Journal of the Council of Trade." In 1856, Mr. J. G. Palfrey 
attached a Mem. to this document drawing attention to this 
erroneous title.] 

May 31. /minutes of the Council for New England. That the King be 
petitioned for the forfeiture of Thos. Weston's ship and goods to the 
Council. That an order be procured from the Lords of the Privy 
Council to send for such persons as, in contempt of authority, went 
last year to New England. Several patents to be drawn out. Ap- 
pointment of auditors. Conference with Mr. Attorney General con- 
cerning the renewal of their patent. Particulars of the election of Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges as Governor to be deferred. Admittance of certain 
merchants to be patentees agreed to. Committees to be appointed 
to consider the merchants' offer of putting in 100,000?. Youths not 
tainted with any vice to be sent to New England and there bound 
apprentices. The adventurers to pay in their whole adventures. 
Dr. Goche to be elected Treasurer. [See preceding article.] 

June ? 7. The Treasurer and Council for Virginia to the Privy Council. 
Have considered their answer to Captain Bargrave's petition. 
[See ante, p. 28, No. 4.] Are neither qualified nor authorized to 
reply to the complaint against Sir Thos. Smythe and others concerning 
several wrongs and losses sustained by the petitioner during the 
time of that government as it is a business of great latitude extend- 
ing over many years. Inclose an answer, under Capt. Bargrave's 
own hand, to his aspersions upon the present and future form of 
government. Inclose, 

7. I. Answer of Capt. Bar grave. Sir Thos. Smythe and the 
other defendants had so sheltered themselves under the 
name of the Company that he could not judge by whom 
the wrongs he had received were done, and was therefore 
forced to complain against the form of government. 
Declares that his complaint was grounded upon the 
abuse of Sir T. Smythe' s government, and that the business 
of the plantation could not have been managed better than 
during the last three years, more having been done with 
10,0002. or 12,OOOZ. in that time than with 80,0001 in the 
thirteen previous years. Would rather burn his five 
treatises concerning Virginia than that they should be 
the means to hinder the going forward of so noble a work. 
30 May. 

June ? 8. Petition of John Bargrave to the Privy Council. Being pressed 

by the Council of Virginia to avow the present government in good 
hands he did so, but would not, although urged, justify the form 
thereof for the progression of the plantation. The Council to whom 
his former petition was referred not having power to examine into 




July 5. 

July 11, 

July 11. 


July 12. 

July 13. 

July? 16. 



the losses he has sustained, prays that they may be forthwith 
authorized to do so and report upon his case. 

Minutes of the Council for New England. David Thompson to 
attend the Lords with a petition to the King against Thos. Weston, 
also to procure a proclamation concerning the fishermen of the 
western parts. To confer the next day about the form of a patent. 
To take into consideration the election of six western merchants. 
Proposals to be made to the city for sending to New England poor 
children of 14 years and upwards. The patentees who have not paid 
up their monies to be left out of the new patent. Mr. Gookin to be 
admitted in the new grant upon payment of his adventure. Henry 
Fotherly to be elected clerk if he will take 201. per annum. Secretary 
Calvert to be admitted one of the Council for New England in the 
new patent. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 3, 4.] 

Letter to the Treasurer, Deputy and others of the Virginia 
Company. Kecommends them to breed silkworms and set up silk 
works in the colony, which being a rich and solid commodity is 
preferable to tobacco. [Docquet. DOMESTIC Jac. /.] 

Order of the Privy Council concerning a Spanish vessel wrecked 
on the coast of Bermudas which the Virginia Company had made 
restitution of. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. LXXIX., p. 202.] 

Minutes of the Council for New England. Whether Will. Cross 
and Abrah. Jennings, merchants, be content to enter into the grand 
patent election of Will. Boles, Clerk of the Council. Sir Henry 
Spilman desired to conceive a grand patent and refer it to the 
Attorney- General. The western fishing business and the proclama- 
tion. The place of meeting and other office business to be con- 
sidered. Proposition touching letter to be sent to the judges and 
justices. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 4, 5.] 

John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton. A ship arrived 
from Virginia with news that the savages have by surprise slain 
about 350 of the English through their own supine negligence in 
living in scattered and straggling houses. The savages have pos- 
sessed themselves of arms and weapons, but have no skill to use 
them. Captains Barclay and Thorpe among those who are lost. 
The disgrace and shame as much as the loss ; no other nation would 
have been so grossly overtaken. [Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Jac. I., Vol. C XXXI I., No. 38, Gal. p. 424. On the following day Sir 
Thos. Wilson writes that the Indians have killed in Virginia at least 
300 or 400 English, and but for an accident that gave warning, man, 
mother, and child had all been slain. Ibid, No. 41, Col. p. 425], 

Order of the Privy Council upon the petition of John Bargrave 
against Sir Thos. Smythe, Alderman Johnson, and others, for unjust 
practices, and miscarriage of the government of the Virginia planta- 
tion, to the petitioner's loss of 6,600/,., directing a report to be made 
to the board that further order may be given therein. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 202. On 17th June the King desires the 
Privy Council to dismiss the suit of Bargrave against Smythe as a 


1622. VoL - IL 

matter already fully determined by the Lord Keeper. The plaintiff' 
seems to have no other end than to blemish the reputation of Sir Thos. 
Smythe. If still contentious, the Council are directed to punish him. 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. L, VoL CXXXI., No. 38, Gal. p. 407.] 

July 24. Minutes of the Council for New England. The bounds for the 
dividends of the Duke of Lennox, the Earl of Arundel, and Sec. 
Calvert agreed upon, the two former set down by Sir Ferd. Gorges 
upon view of the maps. The tenure in the grand patent propounded 
to be held of the Crown by the sword. Private planters to create 
their own tenures to such as shall hold under them. The country to 
be called Nova Albion. Power to be given in the grand patent to 
create titles. Mr. Ratcliffe to be sent for to attend the Council. 
The two great islands in the river of Sagadahoc to be reserved for 
the public plantation, and a place between the branches of the two 
rivers for a public city. Mr. Thompson to attend the Lords for a 
warrant to the Attorney General for drawing the new patent, Sir 
Henry Spilman to attend on the same subject. [Colonial Corresp., 
3622, May 31, 'pp. 5-7] 

July ? 9. Note of such arms in the Tower as the Virginia Company 
are humble suitors for, to be presently delivered to them, their ships 
being ready to depart. The Company request that 20 barrels of 
powder may be lent to them until Christmas. 

July 29. Order of the Privy Council. Certain old cast arms in the Tower, 

Whitehall, altogether unfit for modern use, are directed to be delivered to the 

Virginia Company as serviceable against the savages of that country, 

400 of the inhabitants having been lately massacred by the treachery 

of the Indians. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 202.] 

Aug. 6. Minute of the Council for New England. The Lords of the Privy 
Council having ordered that the patent for New England shall be 
renewed, all those who have been admitted patentees and not yet 
paid in their adventure of 110?., are directed forthwith to do so, or 
they will be for ever excluded. Those desirous of becoming adven- 
turers, provided they be persons of honour or gentlemen of blood, 
except only six merchants, must at once resolve to pay that sum to 
Dr. Barnaby Goche, treasurer. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, 
pp. 8-10.] 

Aug. 10 Grant, by Indenture, of the Council for New England to Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges and John Mason of the province of Maine. 
{Copy. Colonial Entry BL, Vol. LIX.,pp. 101-108.] 

[ Sept.] 10. List of the Syndicators appointed to take a strict examination 
of the inhabitants in the Sorners Islands, concerning the Spanish 
wreck [see ante pp. 27, 28, Nos. 2, 3.] They are Capt. John Bernard, 
Governor elect of the Islands, John Harrison, Sheriff, Nath. Barnard, 
and Jos. Wright, clerks, and Roger Wood, Sec. to the Council there 
established. Also copy of instructions for their guidance. Annexed, 

10. i. Another copy of the above instructions. 
10. ii.-iv. Examinations touching the Spanish wreck alluded 
to above, taken on 9th, 15th, and 22nd Jan., 1623. 


1622. VOL - IL 

Jan.-Sept. 11. A small book in which are fourteen letters and a proclamation 
from Capt. Nath. Butler, Governor of the Somers Islands, to "my 
serjeant-major/' relating to the wreck of the Spanish vessel [the St. 
Anthony]. [Copies, certified by Ed. Collingwood, Sec.] 

Sept. ? 12. Petition of John Carter, a poor distressed prisoner, to the 

Privy Council. Was convicted at the last sessions of stealing a 
horse, but reprieved by the Lord Mayor and Recorder of London 
before judgment. Prays that their Lordships will recommend him to 
Sir Edward Sackville to be transported to Virginia. [On Tth Sept. 
1622, Sir Ed. Barkham, Lord Mayor, informs the King that John 
Carter, convicted of stealing a horse, had been reprieved as worthy 
of the King's mercy. See DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. GXXXIII., 
No. 10, Cal p. 446.] 

Sept. Oct. 13. Note of the several voyages made by Wm. Seymour to 
and from the Spanish wreck, by command of Capt. Nath. Butler, 
then Governor of the Somers Islands, from 10th Sept. to 25th Oct., 
about which time the Governor left the islands. 

Oct. 22. Minute of the Council for New England, concerning the heads of 
the new grand patent. Rowland White and seven others, calkers, 
agreed with, as to their wages and hours of work. {Colonial 
Corresp., 1622, May 31, p. 10.] 

Oct. 28. Minutes of the Council for New England. Resolutions upon the 
fittest course for the ships that go the fishing voyage to New England 
this year. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 11, 12. In Feb. 
1622, the Mayor, &c., of Plymouth requested the Lord Treasurer to 
fulfil his promise that they might not be interrupted in their 
fishery for Virginia, as threatened by Sir Ferd. Gorges. See 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. L, Vol. C XXVII., No. 92, Cal. p. 344. 
Gorges' patent for sole fishing on the coasts of New England was 
one of the grievances in the address of the Commons to the King. 
Ibid, Vol. OLZF., ^o.53, 6W.2>. 258.] 

Nov. 2. Minutes of the Council for New England. Commission to be 
sealed for Capt. Francis West. Propositions to prevent abuses in 
trade. Resolutions touching the new patent. [Colonial Corresp., 
1622, May 31, pp. 12-14.] 

Nov. 6. Proclamation. The plantation of New England, from 40 to 48 
Theobalds, degrees of north latitude, having been much hindered by interlopers, 
who have injured the woods, damaged the harbours, trafficked witli 
the savages, and even sold them weapons and taught them their 
use ; all persons are prohibited from trading upon those coasts, 
or intermeddling with the natives without licence from the Council 
for New England. [Printed Proclamation, Jac. I., No. 106.] 

Nov. 8. Minutes of the Council for New England. Commission to be granted 
to Capt. Francis West to go to New England, Captain of " the 
Plantation," and Admiral of that coast during the voyage. Patent 
for Capt. Thos. Squibb to assist the Admiral. Sir Ferd. Gorges to 
draw up Capt. West's instructions ; to ascertain what course Mr. 




Delbridge, of Barnstaple, has taken against any for abuses in New 
England. Commission for Arthur Champernoun, for setting out the 
Chudley to fish in New England this year. Leonard Peddock to 
receive 101. for his last employments there. A positive day to be 
set down for the rest of the patentees to pay in their adventures. 

Nov. 11. Orders of the Privy Council for settling the trade and commerce 
in New England, to be printed, and fixed by the Admiral upon 
the mainmast of every ship. Capt. Squibb's commission to be 

Nov. 13. Sir Robert Mansell's note for payment of his adventure of 1101. 
accepted. Proceedings of Mr. Delbridge against the Barnstaple men 
for abuses in New England. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, 
pp. 15-17.] 

Nov. 15. Minutes of the Council for New England. Directions to be sent 
to the Governor for managing the trade with the natives in New 
England. Financial business. 

Nov. 16. William Boles to be clerk, with a salary of 201. per ann. The 
Earl of Salisbury to be dealt with for some rooms in the New 
Exchange, for ordinary meetings. Letter to be written to the Lord 
Mayor of London for 100 children. Contracts to be made with the 
merchants to transport men, victualled for two months, to New- 
England. No barter with the natives in provisions or any furni- 
ture of war to be permitted. Mr. [David ?] Thompson's patent 
signed and sealed. 

Nov. 18. Sir Rich. Cholmley to be paid 501. on account of Mr. Dickson. 

Nov. 19. Letter to be written to Mr. [Thos.] Weston to deliver to Leonard 
Peddock to take over with him a boy, native of New England, 
called Papa Whinett, belonging to Abbadakest, Sachem of Massa- 
chusetts. Commission for Mr. Champernoun for the Chudley to 
fish at New England to be sealed. Capt. Squibb to have a similar 
commission for the John and Francis. 

Nov. 22. Sir Robert Mansell's note for payment of his adventure is 
accepted. Capt. Squibb's commission for assisting the Admiral, and 
discovery and taking possession of Mount Mansell for Sir Robert's 
use to be sealed. 

Nov. 27. Names of those to whom bills of adventure shall be made by 
Sir Ferd. Gorges for partnership in the new ship now building at 
Whitby, co. York. 

Nov. 30. Abrah. Jennings' receipt for his dividend in the mainland of New 
England, and Capt. West's commission are sealed. Wil. Pomfret, a 
distiller, and Geo. Dugdeale, a tailor, offer themselves to go to New 
England. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 17-22.] 

Dec. 3. Minutes of the Council for New England. Admittance of persons 
to join the patentees in setting forth ships to fish and trade in New 
England. Mr. Treasurer to contract with merchants for fishing 
voyages. Form of commission for fishing ; the clerk's allowance 
agreed on. Order desired by Mr. Thompson to transport ten persons, 
with provisions, to New England upon the usual terms. Sir Ferd. 
Gorges desired to write a letter to be sent into the country with 


1622. VOL ' 11 

proclamation that it is not the meaning of the Council to hinder 
any from going to New England on fishing voyages, provided they 
conform to the orders agreed upon by the Council. Power of the 
Council to make laws by virtue of their patent. [Colonial Corresp., 
1622, May 31, pp. 23, 24.] 

Dec. 17. Minutes of the Council for New England. Allowance for repay- 
ment of monies disbursed. Letter to be written to the Earl of 
Southampton, Treasurer to the Company for Virginia, against Capt. 
Jones for robbing the natives of New England of their furs and 
taking some of them prisoners ; the ship having run aground, the 
savages escaped, and made great exclamations against the present 
planters of New England. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, 
pp. 24-5.] 

Dec. 30. 14. Grant of the Council for New England to Kobert son of Sir Ferd. 
Gorges and to his heirs and assigns for ever, of all that part of the 
main land in New England commonly called " Messachustack" situate 
upon the north-east side of " Messachuses Bay/' in consideration of 
the payment of 1 SQL 

Dec. 30. Abstract of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1620, Nov. 3.] 

Dec. 31. Grant to Sir Geo. Calvert and his heirs of the whole country of 
Newfoundland. [Minute. Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

Dec. 31. Minute of the above. [Grant Bk., p. 351, DOMESTIC Jac. I.] 

1622? 15. Petition of Capt. Francis West, Capt. Will. Claybourne, John 
Brewer, Robert Sweet, and William Capps, gent., ancient planters 
and adventurers in Virginia, on behalf of themselves and the rest of 
the poor distressed planters there, to the King. Have for many years 
past found the country useful for commodities with which England 
is now supplied from foreign kingdoms, but through the benefit 
of planting tobacco their time has been mispent. Now, after 
the freight, customs, and duties on tobacco are discharged, it is of no 
value and they are like to perish unless protected. Pray that the King 
will make tobacco his own commodity and settle the price and 
quantity to be yearly taken from the Colony, so that they may in 
future plant some real commodity. [The petitioners have all signed 
this petition.'] 

1622-1628. 1 6. List of twenty patents for plantations in New England, granted 
to Sir Ferd. Gorges, Capt. W. Mason, and others, in 1622 and 1628, 
entitled " Catalogue of such patents as I know granted." 

Jan. 15. Minutes of the Council for New England. The Earl of Salisbury 
to be dealt with for some rooms over the new Bourse for their place 
of meeting. Capt. Love to confer with Mr. Cooke for the delivery 
of two pinnaces assigned by ^.he King for protection of the New 
England fishermen this year. Letter to be obtained from the King 
to the Lieut, of every shire for sending their poorer sort of people to 
New England. Sir Sam. Argoll to be Admiral of New England 
[Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 25-6.] 

C 2 


1623. VOL ' IL 

Jan. 21. Minutes of the Council for New England. Upon the settlement of 
" a strength " in New England. Two hundred men at a charge of 
4,000. necessary, of three sorts, viz., gentlemen to bear arms and 
attend upon the Governor, handicraftsmen of all sorts, and husband- 
men for tilling the ground. To propose to [Alex.] Narme to be a 
patentee. All patentees to lend IQQl. each, or more upon security of 
the new ship. Emmanuel Ale-hem to be capt. of the new pinnace 
built for Mr. Peirce's plantation. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, 
pp. 26-7.] 

Jan. 24. 17. Geo. Harrison to his brother John Harrison. Accounts with 
James City, Mr. Bennett. Not above ten men and boys living, of the whole 
irgima. nU mber of servants taken to Virginia in the Seaflower. More have 
died since than were slain in the massacre ; and no hopes of life of 
a great many. Capt. Powell, gunner of James City, is dead ; Capt. 
Nuce [?], Capt. Maddison, Lieut. Craddock's brother, and divers more 
of the chief men reported dead. Mrs. Heamer [?], her daughter, and 
Thos. Hamor are very sick. God has cast a heavy hand upon them, 
they cry for mercy for their sins. Sends three hogsheads of tobacco 
by the Little James, and instructions concerning it. Recommends 
that his brother's wife should make a private adventure by the next 
ship of good wines, butter, cheese, sugar, soap, &c., and that his 
brother and James Sampson should furnish a ship with 50 men and 
provisions for the colony ; the profits will be 200Z. or 300Z. Begs 
him not to delay sending over his own men. 

Jan. 25. Minutes of the Council for New England. Patentees to pay in 
their adventures or forfeit their rights, and others to be admitted in 
their stead. The Earl of Holdernesse elected Vice-President and 
Dickson to be master of the new ship. Deputies to be elected by 
the patentees. An Admiral, Vice-Treasurer, Secretary, Solicitor, 
and Beadle to be elected. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, 
pp. 27-8.] 

Jan. 28. Minutes of the Council for New England. Finance. Sir H. Spil- 
man to treat with the Attorney General touching the new patent. 
Choice of officers deferred. Commission for seizing the island of 
Mannalugan [?] and Lord Gorges' bill of adventure are sealed. Nich. 
Spearman appointed boatswain in the new ship. Two bills of 
adventure for Dr. Sutcliffe to be sealed. Abrah. Jenning's bill for 
materials to build a pinnace at New England deferred. [Colonial 
Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 29-30.] 

Jan. 31. Minutes of the Council for New England. Payments. A bill of 
adventure to Sir Ferd. Gorges sealed. The proclamation proposed 
[see ante 6 Nov. 1622.] to be sent to New England. Sir H. Spilman 
to draw up the heads* of the new patent. [Colonial Corresp., 
1622, May 31, p. 30.] 

Jan. ? 18. Brief motives to maintain the King's right to the River 

Amazon, and the coast of Guiana. The King's subjects many years 
since found that country free from any Christian Prince. They have 


1623. Voi ~ IL 

remained there 13 or 14 years with the good liking of the natives. 
Several commissions have been granted by the King, and two patents. 
[See the 1st grant, 1613, Any, 28, p. 15.] Gondomar [the Spanish 
Ambassador] asserted his master's actual possession, which suspended 
" all our proceedings " for a time. He afterwards sent thither 300 
men to destroy the English and Dutch. Two or three ships are now 
being sent by the West India Company in Holland who design a 
plantation there. General considerations of the country. Profits ; 
commodities ; manner of living. The Christians take no pains nor 
labour for any thing ; the Indians house them, work for them, and 
bring them victuals, receiving iron work or glass beads and such like 
" contemptible things " as reward. A note is added in another hand 
to point out the great prejudice to the plantation, should the King 
make an agreement with the Virginia and Bermudas Companies for 
tobacco from those places only. 

Feb. 2. Order of the Privy Council, A contract between the Lord 
Whitehall. Treasurer on behalf of the King and the Virginia Company, touching 

the importation of tobacco, is allowed. {Colonial Entry Bh, Vol. 

L XXIX., p. 203.] 

Feb. 4. Minutes of the Council for New England. A composition for 
three Barnstaple vessels, which left for the New England fisheries 
before the proclamation was known, is accepted. Rich. Row, 
merchant, desires to be admitted a patentee. Bills of adventure for 
160?. each are sealed for the Duke of Lenox and the Earl of Arundel. 
Sir John Bourchier's answer concerning the Earl of Salisbury's rooms 
over the new Exchange. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 

Feb. 18. Minutes of the Council for New England. The seat of the planta- 
tion for the public to consist "of 40 square miles, to be settled upon 
the river of Sagadahock, and called the state county. The King to 
be petitioned to name the city ; the county and city to be equally 
divided by casting lots amongst the patentees. No new grant to 
be passed in the meantime. A statute of Queen Elizabeth for 
binding poor children apprentices, proposed by Sir H. Spilman, to be 
made use of for the benefit of the plantation. The letter proposed 
to be sent by the King to the Lieutenants, for providing poor people, 
to be respited. Delivery of the two pinnaces. Petition, presented 
from Mr. Peirce and his associates, for the Mayor of Norwich to 
deliver up certain barrels of meal, provided for the relief of the 
planters in New England, and stayed by him. Licence granted to 
Richard Bushrode, who is to be admitted a patentee, to set forth a 
ship for discovery and other employments in New England. No 
ship to transport men or goods to the plantation without a licence. 
[Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 32-35.] 

Feb. 18. 19. Wil. Lord Cavendish, Governor of the Somers Islands Company, 
to James Marquis of Hamilton. Sends a declaration and other 
papers respecting the well-being of the government of those islands, 
which he desires may be presented to the Privy Council. Incloses, 



19. I. Declaration of ike Governor and Company of the Somers 
Islands. Were appointed Commissioners to examine 
Captain Sutler, then Governor of those islands, and other 
inhabitants there, touching the business of the Spanish 
wreck ; but he secretly fled eight days before the arrival 
of the new Governor, and the Commissioners. Never 
believed that Butler would have so abandoned his trust, 
more especially as he had passed an A ct for securing a 
resident Governor. 

19. ii. Act concerning the acknowledgment of resident Governors 
in case their commissions expire before the arrival of a 
successor from England. 1620, Aug. 1. 

19. in. Instruction to the Commissioners for inquiry and ex- 
amination into the business of the Spanish wreck in the 
Somers Islands. 1622, Sept. 5. [Copy.] 

Feb. 20. Minute of the Council for New England. Licence granted to 
Rich. Bushrode and his associates, for setting forth a ship for disco- 
very in New England. He is admitted a patentee. [Colonial 
Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 35-36.] 

Feb. 25. Minutes of the Council for New England. Capt. Sam. [? Emman.] 
Alchem's licence for the Little James altered by petition of the ad- 
venturers for Mr. Peirce's plantation. Commission to be prepared 
for Lord Gorges' ship, the Katherine, Thos. Squibb, captain, as 
well for transportation of passengers as for other employments. 
Grants to be henceforth passed to one patentee only. Finance. Bills 
of adventure for the Earls of Warwick and Holdernesse, and Alex. 
Narme to be sealed. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 36-37.] 

[Feb.] 20. The Governor, Council, and Assembly of Virginia to the King. 

Represent Capt. Nathaniel Butler's information, entitled " The 
unmasking of Virginia," to be full of slanders and notorious 
untruths, proceeding from the malice of his corrupted heart. The 
plantations, for the most part, high and pleasantly seated, the soil 
rich, the air sweet, and the climate healthy. Butler traduces one 
of the goodliest rivers in the habitable world ; most commodious 
for landing. Winter is the only proper time for the arrival of new 
comers. A subscription was raised and workmen were hired for the 
building of a fair Inn in James City, when the massacre by the 
Indians forced them to direct that care to housing themselves. 
Buildings have everywhere increased. The greatest hospitality is 
shown to new comers. There are no hedges in Virginia, neither do 
the people lye unburied in the woods. The colony was not in any 
distress for victuals in the winter of 1622 ; corn was then bought 
by their accuser at 8s. the bushel, a cheaper rate than it sold for in 
England. Trade has been free to all. Their houses built rather for use 
than ornament, and fit to accommodate men of good quality. Many 
cities of great rumour in the West Indies, established more than sixty 
years, not to be compared to them. Great disparagement thro' 
Capt. Butler's riots and lascivious living. They have boats and 


1623. VoL ' IL 

canoes for their sudden transport across the creeks. No fortifications 
against a foreign enemy, but their houses are strongly fortified against 
the Indians; James City, Flowerdieu Hundred, Newport News, 
Elizabeth City, Charles City, Henrico, and divers private plantations 
mounted with great ordnance. Until the massacre and succeeding 
mortality, vines and mulberry trees were being planted throughout 
the country. Iron and glass works were in great forwardness, but 
are now interrupted, and the people are forced to follow that con- 
temptible weed, tobacco, to enable them to sustain their continual 
wars with the Indians, and to support themselves. Henrico, where 
only a small church and one house remained, was quitted during Sir 
Thos. Smy the's government ; Charles City never had but six houses ; 
the soil of both is worn out and not fit for culture. Capt. Butler 
joined with the Indians in killing their cattle, and carried the beef 
on board his ship. Have followed the laws and customs of England 
to their uttermost. Butler's spleen proceeded from not being 
admitted one of the Council. Six, not ten, thousand persons have 
been transported to Virginia, who for the most part were wasted by 
the more than Egyptian slavery and Scythian cruelty exercised 
upon them by laws written in blood during Sir Thos. Smythe's 
government. Inclose a true and tragical relation of all sorts of 
tyranny exercised in his time, whose unfitness to restore the planta- 
tion is humbly referred to the King's consideration. This long anil 
interesting letter is signed by Sir Francis Wyatt, Francis West, Sir 
Geo. Yeardley, George Sandys, Roger Smyth, Ralph Hamor, Isaac 
Maddison, John Pott, Sam. Mathews, John Utie, Wil. Peirce, and 
23 others. Annexed, 

. 20. I. Capt, Butler's unmasked face of OUT colony in Virgina as it 
was in the winter of the year 1622. 

20. II. " Answer of the General Assembly in Virginia, to the De- 
claration of the state of the colony in the twelve years 
of Sir Thos. Smyihe's government, exhibited by Alderman 
Johnson, and others." Wants and miseries of the 
colony under most cruel laws sent over in print, con- 
trary to the charter. The allowance of food in those times 
for a man was loathsome and not fit for beasts ; many 
fled for relief to the savages but were taken again, and 
hung, shot, or broken upon the wheel : one man for 
stealing meal had a bodkin thrust through his tongue, 
and was chained to a tree until he starved. Many 
dug holes in the earth and hid themselves till they 
famished. So great was the scarcity that they were con- 
strained to eat dogs, cats, rats, snakes, &c. and one man 
killed his wife and powdered her up to eat, for which he 
was burned. Many fed on corpses. Some wished Sir 
Thos. Smy the on the back of a mare which the Indians 
had killed and were boiling. Many born of ancient 
houses perished by famine ; those who survived were con- 
strained to serve the colony seven or eight years for their 




freedom. Houses arid churches then built were so mean 
and poor that they could not stand above two or three 
years. The people breathed execrable curses upon Sir 
Thos. Smythe. All houses were ruined except some ten or 
twelve in James City. There are now four to every one 
that then was. There were no fortifications against a 
foreign enemy. Above one thousand people were reduced 
by these calamities to four hundred when Sir Geo. 
Yeardly arrived Governor. Ministers there were, but not 
in orders. The general condition of the colony in Sir 
Thos. Smythe's twelve years government is contrasted with 
the perfection then attained, and the Assembly declare 
that rather than live under the like government, they 
would desire the King to send Commissioners ivith 
authority to hang them. This paper is " affirmed to be 
true," and signed by Sir Francis Wyatt, Governor, and 
15 others; also by Capt. Francis West, Sir Geo. Yeardley, 
and thirteen others " eye witnesses or resident in the 
country when every particular within written was 
effected." 1623, Feb 20. 

March 4. Order of the Privy Council. The order of 24 Oct. 1621,' is 

Whitehall, renewed against carrying the products of Virginia or the Somers 

Islands to foreign countries until they have been first landed in 

England and the King's customs paid. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 

LXXIX., p. 203.] 

March 11. Minutes of the Council for New England. Complaints exhibited 
by the adventurers of New Plymouth, in New England, against 
Jo. Peirce. Emman. Alchem, capt. of the Little James, applies for 
discharge of some of his ship's company, lately prest for the King's 
ships. Sir Henry Spilman's propositions for renewing the patent. 
[Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 37, 38.] 

March 18. Minutes of the Council for New England. The proposition of 
Edw. Cox and others to join with Capt. Robt. Gorges in his 
plantation in New England to be considered ; also several matters 
respecting the new grant of incorporation. One Rounce, agent for 
the adventurers of New Plymouth, having misinformed the Council 
about the seizure of certain barrels of meal by the Mayor of Norwich, 
no information is henceforth to be taken before the Council except 
upon oath. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 38, 39.] 

March 25. Minutes of the Council for New England. Differences between 
Jo. Peirce and his associates. On 1 June 1621 Peirce obtained a 
grant from the Council of lands in New England for settling a 
plantation there. On 20 April 1622 he agreed with certain adven- 
turers for a joint interest with him in the above lands, and 
procured a patent, which they were not privy to, of the said lands to 
himself, his heirs and associates, for ever. Both parties are willing 
to have new grants passed; ordered accordingly. Proposals of 
Mr. Shirley, Treasurer, on behalf of the adventurers of New 




March 30. 

March 30. 


April 3. 

James City, 


Plymouth. Sir Hen. Spilman's proposals that no person going to 
New England be allowed more than 60 acres of land, and that no 
tenant of the patentees settled there be permitted to leave his 
plantation without licence from his landlord. Patentees, who refuse 
to pay in their adventure, to surrender up their rights, and others 
to be admitted in their places. [Colonial Corres^)., 1622, May 31, 
pp. 39-41. ] 

21. The Council of Virginia to Lord President Mandeville. The 
King having taken the commodity of tobacco to his own immediate 
use, they have regained new hopes. Have shown by their petitions 
and general declarations the great prejudice to the colony, through 
divers contracts, made wholly without their consent or privity. 
Thank him for having been the greatest means to overthrow the 
former contracts and implore the continuance of his favour. Signed 
by Fran. West, John Pott, Sam. Mathews, Roger Smyth, Will. 
Claybourne, and Will. Tucker. [Certified copy.'] 

Re-grant to Sir Geo. Calvert of a territory in Newfoundland, with 
alteration, and addition of some particular points, for better encou- 
raging that plantation. Latin. [Sign Manual Jac. I., Vol. XV., 
No. 3. See ante, 31 Dec. 1622.] 

22. The Governor and Council of Virginia to the Earl of South- 
ampton, and the rest of the Council for Virginia. Two Indians had 
been sent to them, one with a message from the Great King, to the 
effect that blood enough had been shed on both sides, and that if 
they were suffered to plant at Pamunkey and their former seats, 
they would send home about 20 prisoners saved from the massacre 
at Martin's Hundred. He who had saved many lives on the day of 
the massacre, was sent back with a favourable answer ; the other 
a great man, an actor in the massacre, was put in chains. Mrs. 
Boys, the chief of the prisoners, arrived home within a week, 
apparelled like an Indian Queen ; the rest have not yet come, through 
the fault of Robert Poole, the interpreter. If the savages send home 
the English prisoners, and grow secure upon this treaty, the colony 
will have the better advantage to surprise them and cut down 
their corn. Have conformed with their instructions concerning the 
sending home of sassafras. Desire to send the fairest sort of silk 
grass. Captain Nuce lately dead ; an account will be taken of 
the state of his affairs. Have allowed as many as desired to return 
to their plantations. Wish their commands had concurred with 
their own opinion of planting nearer together. Great loss of men 
through the infection, chiefly brought in by the ships. Request that 
strict orders may be given for the provisions of the ships to be well 
conditioned. Dupper's beer had been the death of a great number. 
Capt. Each died so suddenly, his project could not be understood. 
Capt. Roger Smyth was sent down to try the ground, but they 
thought it best that the charter party should return to England. 
Have taken steps to build a fort that will fully command the 
Channel. How unable they are to sustain such burdens, their 




April 7. 


great troubles and this year's poverty too sufficiently testify. Signed 
by Sir Francis Wyatt, Sir Geo. Yeardley, Geo. Sandys, Chris. 
Davison, John Pott, Ralph Hamor, and Jo. Puntis. [Copy.] 

23. Grant to Sir Geo. Calvert, his heirs and assigns for ever, of 

April 7. 

April 7. 

Westminster. a ll that entire portion of land situate within our country of New- 
foundland," and all islands within ten leagues of the eastern shore 
thereof, to be incorporated into a province called Avalon. [Copy 
"examined." See ante, 31 Dec. 1622, and 30 March 1623.] 

Another copy of the preceding. [Colonial Entry Bk. } Vol. L XV., 
pp. 1-10.] 

24. Extracts from the above. Power to Sir Geo. Calvert to make 
laws with the consent of the freeholders, or without, in case they" 
cannot be called together. [ Copy.~\ 

April 7. 25. Mem. that King James I. granted letters patent to Lord 

and Baltimore of a certain region in Newfoundland, called the province 

1632 of Avalon, and that King Charles I. granted him a certain region 

June 20. joining upon Virginia, called the province of Maryland. 

April 7. 26. Sir Francis Wyatt, Gov. of Virginia, to John Ferrar. Under- 
[Virginia.] stands that Capt. Whitaker charges eight of the Company's tenants 
to his account. Describes how they have been employed. Two 
carpenters were at work before the massacre upon the intended inn, 
the palisades, and the court of guard, &c. Wil. Smith allowed 
for his guard out of the 30 assigned to him by the country ; 
others hired to Capts. Norton and Powell. They have been at 
great trouble and cost in planting and guarding their tobacco. It 
was his ill fortune to come when mischief was breeding covered over 
with a treacherous peace. The Margaret and John lately come 
in ; she was despaired of, and fell in with a Dutch ship, the com- 
mander of which said he would come to the colony. The people 
so careless that be advises some commission should be thought of for 
a Marshal Court, at least ad terrorem, it may do much good. Some 
lately cut off while trading ; they must have been surprised ; not 
a piece was discharged. " Without doubt either we must drive 
them [the Indians] or they us out of the country/' A ship has 
lately arrived with 40 men for Mr. Gookin, besides 30 passengers. 
The Margaret and John in great distress for provisions, which is 
likely to be burdensome to the country. Prays that God will send 
them some ships with provisions. They are cast behindhand for corn, 
and " our men stand so ill to health." Hopes one day he will view 
the country which he bestows such pains upon. Advices from the 
colony are ill believed and received. Endorsed, " By the Abigail." 

April 8. 27. George Sandys to John Ferrar. Collection of his debts. Has 
Newport News, divers under arrest, and has distrained on the goods of others ; but 
the country is so empty of tobacco that no present satisfaction will 
be given. Went to Kiccowtan about his affairs. Capt. Nuce died 
very poor. The Company's tenants are planted on the most barren 
places in the country ; no crop of tobacco this year, and hardly a 
grain of corn to sustain them. Capt. Whitaker is at Kiccowtan. Ac- 


1623. VOL ' IL 

count of his management of Ferrar's tenants ; allowance to Capt. 
Nuce's widow and child. The Seaflower not yet arrived. Sends 
the names of all his tenants living [wanting]. His pinnace lies 
like a wreck at Elizabeth City ; has taken measures to have her 
repaired. The " Vinerouns " placed together at Elizabeth City 
employed about silkworms ; hopes to send silk next year. The 
planters busy rebuilding and preparing their grounds, and unable to 
attend them, so has set four to do nothing else, and prepared his own 
chamber at Lieut. Peirce's, the fairest in Virginia, for that purpose 
The Frenchmen's time out next year ; advises him to send more of 
their quali ty. Has sent his shallop almost as far as the falls for sand 
for the glassmen, begs him to send two or three hogsheads from 
England. All his servants dead ; must send more, the charges of 
hire intolerable, and all lies upon him who is not able to feed his 
own family. Capt. Spilman, with 26 well-armed men, sent forth to 
trade with the Indians in Mr. Puntis' pinnace, have been cut off 
and taken prisoners. If the Seaflower does not quickly come in, 
they will hardly be preserved against famine. A ship has been set 
forth, at great expense, to the Somers Islands. The place where they 
are going to build a fort has been decided upon ; ordnance required. 
Unable to send many things by reason of their troubles and want 
of means. The country will be pleased to hear that revenge has 
been taken of Dupper for his stinking beer, which has been the 
death of 200 persons. Mr. Tuck deserves thanks and commenda- 
tions. Great likelihoods of the vicinity of the South Sea by general 
report of the Indians ; would willingly venture his life in that dis- 
covery. They are retained in a languishing state by slow supplies, 
and thus curbed from undertaking any enterprise of moment. So 
goodly a territory as Martin's Hundred should be better followed. 
It grieves him much that Ferrar's zeal for the good of Virginia should 
encounter such disheartenings. Hopes ere long all will be removed. 
Endorsed, " By the Abigail." 

April 14. 28. Christopher Davison to John Ferrar. Hopes he will put a 
James City, favourable construction upon his proceedings, because of his long 
Virginia. s ielmess an( i absence from most business since his arrival. Will 
send by the next ship a perfect catalogue of names of all people 
that died or were slain by the Indians since the massacre, and 
of all living. [See p. 57, No. 2.] Cannot yet pay Mr. Bland his 
30 Ib. of tobacco, because he has not yet received so much from his 
five tenants, all that are alive, nor one grain of corn to help them. 
Davison's brother, Thos. Finch, died soon after his arrival. Trusts 
the Company will consider his great loss by the want of 14 or 15 
tenants, and certain cows promised two years ago. The Margaret 
and John, accounted a lost ship, arrived about 7th or 8th of April in 
great distress. About the 10th, the ship sent by Mr. Gookin, called 
(he thinks) the Providence, came to Newport News. The Seaflower, 
though long expected, has not yet arrived, her supply of corn and other 
provisions extraordinarily desired Sends answers to as many of the 
petitions as have been ordered. [ Wanting. Endorsed, " By the Abi- 
gail/' In DOMESTIC Correxp. Jac. L, Vol. CXX., No. 29, Cat. p. 236 




April 17. 

April 18. 

April 19. 


April 28. 



there is " an Account of an attack on the Margaret and John of 
London, bound for Virginia, in a West Indian Harbour, by two 
Spanish men-of-war."] 

Order of the Privy Council. Lord Cavendish and others, repre- 
senting the Virginia Company, having been heard respecting the 
' grievances of divers adventurers and planters, it is the King's 
pleasure that a commission be appointed to enquire into the true 
state of the Virginia and Somers Islands plantations ; the monies 
that have been collected, how procured and expended, the abuses 
and grievances, and how they may be prevented hereafter. No 
private letters to be sent thither by any man about other than 
his own business. General letters to be written by the Companies 
to Virginia to exhort and admonish the inhabitants to live together 
in concord and amity. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX.., 
pp. 203, 204.] 

Lord Treasurer Middlesex to Sec. Con way. Sends an account of 
proceedings yesterday in the Council for the King's information, 
respecting the differences of the two Companies of Virginia and the 
Somers Islands. Commission awarded to Sir. Wil. Jones, Sir 
Nicholas Fortescue, Sir Hen. Bourchier, Sir Hen. Spiller, Sir Fras. 
Gofton, Sir Rich. Sutton, and Sir Wil. Pytt to examine into the 
whole business, from the beginning of Sir Thos. Smythe's govern- 
ment. Both Companies appointed to meet, to agree to a general 
letter, to be approved by the Privy Council, and sent over at once ; 
no private letter to go differing in any point from it. Resolved 
also that the Privy Council write to both plantations, acquainting 
them with the King's pious and princely care of them, and the 
course in hand to provide better for them. [DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Jac. I., Addenda, Vol. CCXVIL] 

Chamberlain to Carleton. A great faction fallen out in the 
Virginia Company. Earl of Southampton, Lord Cavendish, Sir Ed. 
Sackville, Sir John Ogle, Sir Edwin Sandys, being the heads on one 
side ; on the other are the Earl of Warwick, Sir Thos. Smythe, Sir 
Nath. Rich, Sir Henry Mildmay, and Alderman Johnson. On 
Monday [14 April] they were before the King with their accusa- 
tions and allegations, when Sackville carried himself so insolently 
that the King " was fain to take him down soundly and roundly," 
but hears he made his peace the next day by means of the Lord 
Treasurer. [Extract. DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXLIIL, 
No. 22, Gal p. 561.] 

Order of the Privy Council upon a petition of planters from the 
Somers Islands, praying that certain tobacco brought by them to 
England, and seized by the Company for payment of an impo- 
sition of 4d. per lb., may be restored to them. The prayer of the 
petitioners is granted, and the Commissioners appointed to examine 
into the state of the Virginia and Somers Islands plantations are 
directed to take into consideration the impositions fit to be levied 
upon tobacco until the debt of the Company be fully discharged. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 204.] 




April 28. 

April 28. 

May 5. 

May 8. 


May 8. 


May 13. 



Order of the Privy Council. The letters of the Virginia and 
Somers Islands Companies to the plantations are disallowed, because 
they omitted to certify the King's grace and favour to those planta- 
tions ; and the contract is dissolved, wherebyths King was to 
receive one third part of all tobacco coming from thence, and 6d. per 
Ib. upon the other two parts. An abatement is directed from twelve- 
pence to ninepence per Ib. upon tobacco for all charges belonging 
to the King, and the Companies are granted the sole importation 
into the King's dominions. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., 
p. 204-.] 

The Privy Council to the Governor of Virginia. The King has 
taken into consideration the present state of the plantations in 
Virginia and the Somers Islands, and extended his care for the 
redress of that Avhich is amiss, and the prevention of all misunder- 
standings in future, for the benefit of every honest person interested 
therein. That no discouragement be apprehended by loose adver- 
tisements proceeding from factious humours or private ends, it has 
been thought good to inform him thereof, and he is therefore 
required strictly to charge the inhabitants to live together in unity, 
and to be more careful of the good of the plantation, the fortifi- 
cations, houses of habitation, and provisions, not being in such a state 
as they ought to be, which is very displeasing to His Majesty to hear. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 205.] 

Minutes of the Council for New England. Touching the dif- 
ferences between Mr. Hopkins and Mr. Peirce about the transporta- 
tion of the former and two other persons to New England. Upon 
Mr. Peddock's petition for allowance towards the charge of his last 
voyage thither. A bill of adventure to the Earl of Warwick to be 
sealed. Christopher Levett to be a principal patentee, and to have 
a grant of 6,000 acres of land. Licence to be given to Melch. 
Bennett, of Barnstaple, for setting forth the Eagle, John Wetheridge, 
master, on a fishing voyage. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 

Sec. Conway to Sir Edw. Sackville. Acquaints him with the 
King's pleasure concerning a petition on behalf of the Virginia 
Company, which he was appointed to deliver to His Majesty. 
[Minute, Conway's Letter Bk. p. 40.] 

Sec. Conway to Sec. Calvert. To hasten the passing under the 
seals the Commission concerning the Virginia Company, and to order 
the Commissioners to expedite the business. [Minute, Conway's 
Letter Bk., p. 40.] 

Order of the Privy Council. Upon complaint of the Earl of 
Warwick and the principal adventurers in the plantation of Virginia 
and the Somers Islands, who with the Virginia Company were 
directed to attend the Commissioners for examination into grievances 
and abuses of government, against an impertinent declaration, con- 
taining bitter invectives and aspersions upon the Earl of Warwick 
and others, styled his instruments and agents. Lord Cavendish, Sir 




May 14. 

St. Martin's 

May 14 


May 22. 


June 4. 

June 10. 

June 17. 


Edwin Sandys, Nicholas and John Ferrar, of the Virginia Company, 
the chief actors in the inditing and penning thereof, to be confined to 
their several houses until further order, as guilty of a contempt of the 
commands of the Council Table. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., 
pp. 205, 206.] 

Sec. Sir Geo. Calvert to Sec. Conway. The election of new 
officers which the King recommended to the especial care of the 
Virginia Company at their Court this day, was yesterday, by the 
King in Council, ordered to be put off, and none chosen until next 
Court. Incloses letter he has written to the Treasurer of the Com- 
pany, by the King's commands, and requests it may be speedily 
shown to His Majesty. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXLIV., 
No. 45, Gal. p. 583. See following entry.] 

29. Sec. Calvert to the Earl of Southampton, Lord Treasurer of 
Virginia. The King commands him to notify to the Virginia Com- 
pany not to proceed to the election of new officers until His Majesty's 
pleasure be further made known. 

Order of the Privy Council. That all charters, books, letters, and 
any other writings, belonging or relating to the plantations of 
Virginia and the Somers Islands be delivered to the Commissioners 
for those plantations, and that all boxes and packets of letters 
hereafter brought over from those parts during this Commission be 
immediately delivered to the Commissioners to be by them broken 
open, perused, and disposed of, as they shall find cause. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. LXXIX., pp. 206, 207.] 

30. Examinations of Capt. Isaac and Mary Maddison and Serj. 
John Harris, taken before Sir Francis Wyatt Governor, Sir Geo. 
Yeardley, Geo. Sandys, Treasurer, Dr. John Pott, Capts. Roger Smyth 
and Ralph Hamor, and John Puntis of the Council of Virginia, and 
Chr. Davison, Secretary, touching the supposed contract of marriage 
between Mr. Greville Pooley and Mrs. Cicely Jordan, three or four 
days after her husband's death. With note underwritten that Cicely 
Jordan having since contracted herself to Will. Ferrar before the 
Governor and Council, and disavowed the former contract, they are 
not able to decide so nice a difference, but desire the opinion of the 
civil lawyers. 

Minute of the Council for New England. Conference upon 
speedily furnishing money to discharge the country at Whitby and 
defray the charges for bringing about the ship. [Colonial Corresp., 
1622, May SI, p. 43.] 

Minutes of the Council for New England. Sir Wil. Bellasis, and 
Edmund Brudenell to be admitted patentees and councillors. Two 
bills of adventure are sealed for the Lord Keeper, one for 1 WL, for 
a patentee's part in the main land, the other for 160., for the same 
and a rateable share in the ship. Propositions offered by Francis 
Weekes on behalf of merchants of Barnstaple for settling a planta- 
tion in New England are read, and delivered to Mr. Treasurer to 
prepare answers. [Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, pp. 43-4.] 



June ? 

June 21. 

June 26. 


June 30. 


July 2. 

July 2. 



31. Petition of Edmund Brudenell to the Privy Council. Having 
resolved upon a voyage to New England with a company of 
about forty men, prays for liberty to ship three or four pieces of 
ordnance and 200., for the purchase of provisions and necessaries 
before their departure. 

Minute of the Council for New England. Answers are delivered 
to the propositions of the merchants of Barnstaple for settling a 
plantation in New England and a promise taken under the hand of 
Fras. Weekes for payment of 2501. for a grant which the Council are 
contented to pass. [Imperfect. Colonial Corresp., 1622, May 31, 
p. 44.] 

32. Sec. Conway to the Lord President of York. The King judges 
well of the undertaking in New England and more particularly 
of a design of Christopher Levett, one of the Council, for settling 
that plantation, to build a city there and call it York. Levett 
wishes fifty men to join with him in the adventure, to carry over 
fifty others, and to build a fort for their preservation and for the 
security of the plantation. The King requests that he will, by fair 
persuasion, win assistance from the county in a work so honourable 
to the nation and to the city of York. [Draft with corrections.] 

Sec. Conway to Sec. Calvert. The King desires the Lords of the 
Privy Council diligently and daily to attend to the business of 
Virginia, until it be fully agreed and concluded. [Extract DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXL VII., No. 88, Gal. p. 624.] 

33. List of shareholders in the Virginia Company with the number 
of shares attached to each name, and the reasons of their allotment, 
whether by purchase or otherwise. This list consists of eight pages, 
and extends from March 1616 to June 1623. Annexed, 

33. I. List of 72 patents granted to several persons named, all 

of whom have divers partners, " whose names and several 
shares we do not know" 

Mem. that 72 patents for lands in Virginia were granted to as 
many persons. [Colonial Corresp., 1609, p. 2.] 

34. Answer of the Virginia Company, assembled in General Court, 
to the Privy Council. Have taken their Lordships commands into 
consideration for the speedy sending of supplies to Virginia ; divers 
hundred will be supplied by private adventure and many persons 
by friends. Are not able this day to come to any conclusion for a 
general supply, and desire respite until Friday to advise thereon in a 
full court Suggest that some course be taken that those indebted 
to the Company pay in their subscriptions. 

35. Lord President Mandeville to Sec. Conway. The Virginia 
Company have been shown the letters " that make a map of the 
colony's misery," and measures have been taken for relief of the 
colony, " for relieved they must be, and that presently." The 
Company have begged until Friday to deliver their answer ; but 
are taking into consideration fit rules for bettering the government 


]623. VOL ' IL 

of the colony hereafter. Sends such rules as were thought of by the 
Lords, and copy of Sandys' letter, some of the Company having 
alleged that no such accounts of the miseries or necessities of the 
colony had reached them. Incloses, 

35. I. Rules set down ly the Lords of tJie Privy Council for better- 
ing the government in Virginia. Forts to be erected in 
healthy places. Guest houses to be built for the sick and 
strangers. The most fertile and wholesome towns and places 
to be chosen for habitation and to be seated near to one 
another. Ships, pinnaces and barges to be maintained 
at the common charge. Provisions necessary for food to 
be cared for before matters of profit. The men to be 
divided into three parts ; some to be employed in public 
works, some in sowing and planting, and some " for 
strength and discoveries." Dangers from the Indiana 
to be provided against. Men of experience in govern- 
ment and fit for commanders to be sent over. Churches 
and schools to be erected. Directions from the Privy 
Council in all matters of importance to be followed ; and 
reforms to be made in the election of councillors. 

35. n. Qeo. Sandys to John Fewar. 1623, April 8. [See Calen- 
dar of this date, p. 42, No. 27.] 

July 2. 36. Dephebus Canne to John Delbridge. Writes by a bark from 
Virginia. Canada on her return thence. All his fish sold ; errors in the 
accounts. Hopes the Boriaveriture and Success have arrived. Would 
to God that the apparel and frieze which came in the Success were 
turned into meal, oatmeal, and peas. The land is destitute of food, 
and they pray for relief. Great hopes of a good harvest of corn. 
The Seaflower, looked for these three months, not yet arrived. Great 
crop of tobacco expected ; the weather has been good and seasonable. 
Ships daily expected from Canada and Newfoundland, with supplies 
of fish for the plantation for a year. The Indians quiet ; it is 
thought they have fears for their corn, which he thinks will be 
shortly destroyed. Some 13 persons went in a shallop to make 
peace with the infidels, who met them in great numbers at the river 
side, and after getting " our english people " in the shallop, there 
was a watch word given, the EnglisKshot and killed some 40 Indians, 
among them Apacbaniken, the commander of all the other Indians, 
and two chiefs. Hopes they may gather their crops free from the 
danger of the savages, for he has " a great desire to make clear of 
the country." Endorsed, " To the Wors. Jno. Delbridge, Merchant in 
Barnstaple, by the way of Canada/' 

July 3. [Sec. Conway] to Lord Treasurer Middlesex. The Privy Council 
are by strict examination to sift out whether the refusal of the 
Virginia Company to comply with the King's request be on 
account of being bound by their laws, or a pretext to colour 
a wilful breach of His Majesty's commands-!. The Attorney 
General is to examine into the foundation and limitations of their 
commission and behaviour, and to inquire whether, in Buch extreme 





July 4. 


July 4. 

July 4. 

July 5. 

July 5. 


conduct, the commission is not void. [DOMESTIC Corresp., Vol. 
CXLVIII., No. 19, Gal p. 4 .] 

37. The King to the Archbishops of Canterbury and York. The 
undertakers of the plantation of Virginia, wherein good progress is 
made, being about to erect churches and schools for the education 
of the children of the infidels there, they are required to recommend 
to their clergy the raising a liberal contribution for so good a work, 
to be collected four times in the two next ensuing years. [Draft.] 

Order of the Privy Council upon a representation of Lord Caven- 
dish and others of the Virginia Company. Concerning the relief to 
be afforded to the plantation of Virginia, the inhabitants being in 
great danger of perishing by famine. Divers private members had 
underwritten for 700?., to be layed out in meal and immediately 
dispatched, and another sum of 1,800?. had also been subscribed 
for the supply of particular hundreds and private persons there. 
Directing for the supply of so great a want, that a general contribu- 
tion be levied upon the whole Company, according to their shares ; 
the meal and other provisions sent thither to be sold at reasonable 
prices. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 207.] 

38. List of names of those who will adventure, and the amounts, in 
victuals and necessary provision of apparel, which it is purposed to 
send this present summer, for relief of the colony and particular 
friends in Virginia. Total 1,800?. On the inner leaf is written 
nine times, " I will adventure " leaving a blank space for the name 
of the adventurer and the amount. 

39. List of names of those who will adventure, and the amounts 
which they bind themselves to pay within ten days unto Rich. 
Caswell, chosen treasurer for this present magazine, for necessary 
provisions for the colony of Virginia, to be bought by those whom 
they shall appoint. Total 727?. 

[Sec. Conway] to Lord President Mandeville. The King is 
pleased with his careful attendance at the Council table, and with 
his reports, and will take time to consider the rules set down by the 
Lords [see ante, 2 July, inclosure 1.], as also the notes offered by 
Lord Chichester [wanting]. His Majesty would like to hear how 
the Virginia Company will put in execution those rules for better 
government, and whether they did not make a pretext of their con- 
stitutions to break his commands. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. /., 
Vol. CXLVIIL, No. 33, Cal. p. 7.] 

40. Lord President Mandeville to Sec. Conway. The Virginia 
Company returned answer on Friday last, " what they would pre- 
sently do for the relieving of the poor souls in Virginia/' They had 
already underwritten for 700?., to be laid out in meal and sent 
thither ; and 1,800?. had also been subscribed for the supply of par- 
ticular hundreds, and private persons in the colony. The Company 
alleged that good store of butter and cheese had been sent from 
Flushing in May last. The Privy Council have directed that every 
one of the sharers in the Company shall contribute to the present 




1 623. 

July 13. 

July 19. 



relief proportionately. Did not expect to have found the Company 
so forward, but thinks they are willing to hold their government. 
They have also yielded to restore Mr. Wroth to be again of the 
Company and Council. The points of misgovernment on both sides 
are formally before the Commissioners. 

41. [Sec. Con way] to the "Commissioners for examining the 
grievances in the plantations of Virginia and Bermudas." The 
bearer Capt. Baily, has given information to the King of certain 
quantities of ambergris found in Bermudas, which belongs, ac- 
cording to his relation, either to His Majesty or to Capt. Somers, 
" whom he terms the first discoverer." They are desired to inquire 
into that business, wherein complaint has been made of some great 
wrong done. [Draft.] 

Order of the Privy Council for an allowance to the officers that 
attended the Commissioners, deputed to examine into the state of 
the Virginia business. [Colonial Entry Blc., Vol. LXXIX., p. 207.] 

Project by Capt. Baily that the King should make a plan- 
tation in Virginia or New England, by which the kingdom may 
annually be rid of 3,000 poor, and that each should have 20 acres of 
land, a house, and victuals out of the store for one year. The prisons 
may be emptied, and much blood saved as well as relief given to 
many by sending them thither. Every trade should be encouraged 
in those plantations. Reasons why Capt. Baily induced the people 
to contribute to so good a work. Every man throughout England 
and Wales, for himself and family, that gives a penny apiece annu- 
ally for ten years, to have the same privileges as he that gives 
1,000?. Books to be kept in every parish to register the names ot 
the giver, and of those who refuse to contribute. Has made this 
project known to many thousands, and some have subscribed Wl. 
per annum ; some 51. ; great numbers 20s., and none less than 2s. 6d. 
Profits that will accrue to the King. Desires that His Majesty will 
command letters to be written to the City of London, and some few 
counties to make a trial of his project. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I. 
[undated], Vol.CLXXXIX., No. 36, Gal. p. 521 ; see also p. 56, No. 53.] 

July 21. 

July 22. 

[Sec. Conway] to Sir Thos. Smythe and others. The King 
requests their opinion on the proposition of Capt. Baily for the 
advancement of foreign plantations, and on every particular propo- 
sition which may be offered by him having relation to that end. 
[DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXLIX., No. 16, Gal p. 23.] 

Order of the Privy Council appointing Lords Grandison, Carew, 
and Chichester, to take certain notes into consideration, and out of 
them to frame such orders as they conceive most fit for regulating 
the government of Virginia, to be advised on by the Privy Council. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 194.] 

July 23. 42. Account of the sums subscribed, and the supplies sent since 
April last for the relief of Virginia, with the names of the vessels 
in which they were sent over. The total money value is estimated 
at 3,300?. 



July 26. 


July 28. 

July 31. 


Chamberlain to Carleton. Last week the Earl of Warwick and 
Lord Cavendish " fell so foul " at a Virginia or Bermudas Court 
that the lie passed and repassed. They are " got over " to try 
their fortune, but it is not known whether they have met. Their 
ladies forget not their old familiarity, and lament this misfortune. 
The factions in those two Companies are grown as violent as between 
Guelph and Ghibelines, and they seldom meet but they quarrel. 
If the society be not dissolved soon, or remodelled, worse effects may 
follow than the whole business is worth. Their old acquaintance, 
[John] Pory, is in prison at the Terceiras, whither he was driven 
by contrary winds from the north coast of Virginia, where he had 
been upon some discovery. [Extract. DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., 
Vol. GXLIX., No. 48, Cal. p. 30.] 

Lord President Mandeville to Sec. Conway. The Virginia Com- 
pany are required to send their release, and to give an account of 
the provisions they sent [for relief of the Colony]. The Attorney 
General is to examine their former patents, and the returns of the 
last commission that the King may upon just grounds " determine " 
the former, and pass another [patent]. He is also to prepare a 
better form of government. Has delivered the notes and directions 
given by the King to Lords Grandison, Carew, and Chichester, the 
rules drawn out by the Privy Council for strengthening the govern- 
ment of Virginia, and the return of the Commissioners lately made. 
[Extract. DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXLIX., No. 76, Cal. p. 35.] 

43. Att. Gen. Coventry and Sol. Gen. Heath to the King. Have 
received, from the Virginia Company, an account of what has been 
done for the relief of that colony. Have diligently perused their letters 
patent, and the certificates of the Virginia Commissioners concerning 
the apparent abuses and miscarriage in the government, and conceive 
the King may justly resume it. Recommend that, so soon as the 
order of government has been determined upon, the King should, by 
proclamation, command the forbearance of the execution of those 
letters patent, and of the authority thereby committed to the Com- 
pany ; and should they not voluntarily yield up their privileges 
legal proceedings may be taken against them for calling in their 
patent. [This letter was inclosed in a letter from Lord Treasurer 
Middlesex to Sec. Conway, who adds that the King will thereby 
perceive his own power of resuming the government, and settling 
it for the public good. Suggests, as most of the Privy Council are 
out of town, that the Company be allowed to go on until they meet, 
about a month hence. See DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CL., 
No. 31, Cal, p. 45.] Inclose, 

43. i. Note of victuals and provisions sent by private person for 
relief of Virginia in the George, which on Monday nex t 
is to go to Oravesend. Total 241 hogsheads, besides large 
quantities taken by passengers, and meal for the maga- 
zine to the value of 200. 

43. ii. Account of the value of the provisions sent for relief of 
Virgina in the Truelove. Total 53QI. 




Sept. 16. 


Oct. 3. 

Oct. 8. 

Oct. 8. 
Oct. 8. 

Oct. 15. 


Oct. 15. 

Oct. 17. 



44. Invoice of goods sent to Virginia by John Harrison in the 
Marmaduke, John Dennis, master, for the use of Geo. Harrison. 
Endorsed is a certificate by Dennis that they were shipped in good 
order and well conditioned. 

Lord President Mandeville to [Sec. ConwayJ. Has dispatched a 
messenger after the Deputy of the Virginia Company, as without him, 
in the absence of the Governor, none of the Company will take any- 
thing upon themselves. The Lords of the Privy Council have sum- 
moned them for Monday next and warning has been given that the 
Company are not then to fail attendance. [Extract. DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Jac. L, Vol. CLIII., No. 14, Gal. p. 88.] 

45. Order of the Privy Council, declaring the King's resolution, 
because of the distressed state of Virginia occasioned by miscarriage 
of the government, by a new charter to the adventurers and Company 
of that plantation, to appoint a Governor and twelve assistants 
resident in England dependent on the Privy Council and to be chosen 
by the King the first time, unto whom the government of the Company 
and colony shall be committed ; also a Governor and 1 2 assistants 
resident in Virginia to be nominated by the Governor and assistants 
in England ; and His Majesty's determination, in default of their sub- 
mission to accept of a new charter, to recall all their former charters. 

Another copy of the preceding. [Colonial Entry Blc., Vol. 
LXXIX.,pp. 195-6.] 

Order of the Privy Council for Sir William Jones and others, the 
Commissioners for examining into the state of Virginia and the 
Somers Islands, to continue their inquiry, and, at a convenient time, 
to report their proceedings to the Board. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. LXXIX., p. 195.] 

Order of the Privy Council, dispensing with the attendance of 
Justice Sir William Jones, one of the Virginia Commissioners, upon 
that business, by reason of his other employment, and directing the 
other Commissioners to appoint certain days for their meeting that 
they may proceed therein with all expedition. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 196.] 

46. Answer of the Virginia Company in Court assembled to the 
Privy Council. Conceive the proposition for giving up their charter 
to be of such great weight and consequence that they beg for respite 
until their next Quarter Court on 19th November, the earliest time 
their letters patent give them power to make further answer. 

Abstract of the above letters patent granted to above 1,000 
persons by their particular names, besides the new adventurers 
and planters in Virginia, as also unto GO several companies of London 
and other corporate towns. [Minute. Colonial Corresp., 1609, p. 2.] 

Order of the Privy Council. The Deputy and others representing 
the Virginia Company are directed to appear before the Board on the 
20th inst, to deliver a final answer as to whether they will be content 




Oct. 1 7. 


Oct. 20. 


Oct. 20. 

Oct. 20. 

Oct. 24-. 



to surrender tlieir former charters and accept of a new charter with 
the alterations mentioned in the Order of Privy Council of the 8th 
inst. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., pp. 197-8.] 

Lord President Mandeville to Sec. Conway. The Virginia Company 
attended the Privy Council this day to answer whether they would 
surrender tlieir old patent. Has given them in writing the altera- 
tions intended by the King ; to change only the frame of govern- 
ment and manner of the plantation for the good of the people, and 
to preserve and secure private interests. The Company say they 
cannot give up their patent until their next Quarter Court meets 
on 19th Nov. The Lords, ill pleased with this reply, peremptorily 
ordered the Company to bring a direct answer on Monday next, 
when if they do not surrender the patent the Attorney General is 
directed to take a course to revoke it. [Extract. DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Jac. L, Vol. CLIIL, No. 67, Gal p. 97.] 

Order of the Privy Council, declaring that the King has no other 
intention in reforming and changing the present government of 
Virginia, than the remedying bad effects that tend to endanger the 
whole plantation ; that every man's estate shall be fully preserved, 
and if anything be defective, better secured ; and commanding that 
the ships intended for Virginia be with all speed sent away for 
relief of the plantation. This and the two annexed orders to be 
published throughout Virginia by the bearer, John Pory. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., pp. 199-200.] These orders of 4 July and 
8 Oct. 1623, will be found calendared under their proper dates. 

47. Answer of the Virginia Company to the Privy Council. 
Having put to the question their Lordships' proposition in the 
direct words as commanded, there were only nine hands for deliver- 
ing up the charters ; all the rest, about three score, were of a 
contrary opinion. 

48. Schedule of the names of those present at an extraordinary 
Court of the Virginia Company, by appointment of the Lords, 
touching the surrender of the charters ; distinguishing those who 
held up their hands for and against. The names of those who held 
up their hands to surrender the patent were : Sir Sam. Argoll, Sir 
Thos. Wroth, Captain Jo. Martin, Mr. Canning, Mr. Woodall, Martin 
the Armenian, Molasco the Pole ; the other two not known. It 
is doubted whether Martin and Molasco ought to have voice. 

Order of the Privy Council, requiring John Harvey to give a 
diligent account of the present state of Virginia, the number of 
plantations, public and private, and the men, women, and children 
in each ; fortifications, and places best to be fortified ; number 
of houses, cattle, arms, ammunition, and ordnance ; corn and other 
provisions ; boats, barques, bridges, and public works ; intercourse 
with the savages ; the hopes that may be entertained of the 
colony, and the best means to attain them. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. LXXIX., p. 200.] 



I Oct. 24.] The Privy Council to the Governor and Council in Virginia. 
John Harvey and others having been appointed to inquire into the 
state of the plantation ; they are directed to be aiding and assisting 
him therein. [Colonial Entry Sk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 200.] 

Nov. 7. 49. Warrant from the Commissioners for Virginia. Sundry petitions 
concerning the colony having been referred to them for examination, 
they require a trunk of writings locked up under the custody of one 
of the clerks of the Privy Council, to be delivered to the bearer. 
Signed by Sirs Henry Spiller, Fras. Gofton, Will. Pitt, Rich. Sutton, 
and Hen. Bourgchier [Bourchier]. [See 1624, Feb. 16.] 

Nov. 21 ? 50. Petition of the Companies for Virginia and the Somers Islands to 
the King. That the commission granted upon complaint of Alder- 
man Johnson and others for examination of the misgovernment of 
those Companies, may be proceeded in, and that in the mean time 
they may stand right in the King's judgment, the oppugners, who 
have contributed but little either by purse or counsel, being only 26 
persons. That their books, which have been sequestered 14 days, may 
be restored, and that they may be preserved in the rights and privi- 
leges granted to them under the Great Seal. 

Nov. 21. Order of the Privy Council for delivery to the Virginia Company of 

Whitehall. a u books and writing in the hands of the Virginia Commissioners 

belonging to the Company, against whom a quo warranto has been 

issued, questioning their charters. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., 

p. 208.] 

Nov. 51. Sirs Thos. Smythe, John Wolstenholme, Hump. Handford, 

and Robert Johnson, to Sec. Conway. According to his letter of the 
21st July last, they have conferred with Capt. Baily upon his 
project for the advancement of foreign plantations [see ante p. 50]. 
Hold it to be good and commendable so far only as it concerns 
public plantations to the southward of Virginia. As to the other 
park of his project, very much doubt how so great a sum can 
easily be levied, nor do they approve of that course, because the 
kingdom has been drained by previous gatherings in churches and 
lotteries for the support of former plantations. 

Dec. 8. 52. The King to the Lord Lieutenant of . The trial made 

by persons of quality in the adventure of their private estates and 
fortunes for planting a colony in New England, the benefits and 
commodities found in those parts, and the returns from thence, prove 
the undertaking to be of public hope and consequence, and worthy 
of His Majesty's care. But as so great a work cannot well be 
managed without more help, and the western counties are so con- 
veniently situated for receiving commodities and sending supplies, 
he is invited to move other persons of quality to join with him in 
the advancement of that plantation, a work in which the public 
take great interest and likely to bring in good returns, and 
which the agents of the patentees will more fully explain. Hopes 
that no persuasion is needed to further good works, and expects 
a full account of bis proceedings. [Draft. Endorsed, "Three 




Dec. 8. 


Dec. 8. 


Dec. 8. 


Dec. 8. 


Dec. 19. 


Dec. 30. 



letters, of the like tenor, were directed to the comities of Corn- 
wall, Somerset, Devon, and the cities of Bristol and Exeter."] 

Order of the Privy Council upon a petition of the Company of 
Adventurers to the Somers Islands, concerning the differences be- 
tween the Governor and Company and the adventurers and planters 
of those islands. The debts of the Company amounting to 1,400., 
it was ordered that 4()0. should be borne by an imposition upon all 
tobacco that came this year from thence, the residue to be paid 
equally by the adventurers according to each man's share; im- 
positions were likewise layed upon the tobacco of the planters 
towards the public charges. The above orders are confirmed, and 
it is declared that those who refuse to pay such assessments shall be 
proceeded against, and compelled to do so. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. LXXIX., pp. 208-9.] 

Order of the Privy Council, upon a petition of adventurers and 
planters of Virginia, complaining that the charges for defence of 
those of the Company proceeded against by a quo warranto is, by 
an order of the Court, to be borne out of the public stock, to the 
prejudice of such as are willing to surrender their charter; directing 
that all those questioned in the quo warranto make their defence at 
their own particular charge. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., 
p. 209.] 

Order of the Privy Council, directing the Attorney General to re- 
port upon a complaint of William Cannyn [Canning] against Thomas 
Kightley, for having arrested him on an action of 500?., because he 
did use some reasons in Court to persuade the surrender of the 
Virginia charter, and not to contest with the King about the 
government. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 209.] 

Order of the Privy Council, directing the Attorney General to re- 
port upon a petition of Nich. Ferrar, Deputy of the Virginia Com- 
pany, who affirms that the Commissioners for examining into the 
affairs of the Virginia and tsomers Islands Companies had not set any 
course for paying the debts of the Somers Islands Company, which 
was referred unto them by the Board. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. LXXIX., pp. 209-1 0.] 

The Privy Council to the Governor and Company of Virginia. 
Capt. John Martin, a planter of Virginia, having been detained a 
good while in England by reason of controversies concerning that 
plantation, is now returning with some of his servants and many 
others that would plant with him. Recommend that "more than 
ordinary respect should be had of him/' and that he and all under 
his command be free from oppression and allowed peaceably to enjoy 
their lands and goods. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 210.] 

The Privy Council to the Deputy Governor of Virginia [Com- 
pany ?]. For reasons known to the Privy Council, he is directed to 
seize all letters, public as well as private, in a ship lately arrived 
from Virginia, and to send them immediately, unopened, to their 
Lordships. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 210.] 



Petition of the Governor and Council of Virginia to the King, for 
the sole importation of tobacco to them and the Somers Islands. 
[Minute. Colonial Oorresp., 1G09, p. 5.] 

1 623 ? 53. " Project concerning Virginia" [by Capt. Baily.] Has laboured 

in this business four years, and presented reasons to the King to 
induce the people to contribute to a plantation there. Points out a 
way to raise 15,000?. per ann. by the gift of one penny per poll in 
London and the suburbs from Tothill St. to Limehouse, supposing 
there to be 600,000 householders, and to increase the sum to 
600,000?. by similar contributions from the forty shires in 
England and twelve in Wales. Requests that the King may be 
moved to make a trial of his project by commanding letters to be 
written to London and Middlesex. [See ante, p. 50.] 

1623 ? 54. Proportion of the charge to furnish and transport six men to 

Virginia. The amount for victuals, apparel, tools, arms, transport, 
and freight, is estimated at 114?. 19s. Qd. Endorsed "For Mr. 

VOL. III. 16241625. 


Jan. 8. Att. Gen. Coventry to the Privy Council. Has heard the 

witnesses produced by Will. Canning and Thos. Kightley, the 
former bringing many to prove that Kightley declared it to be 
neither just nor honest to deliver up the patent [of the Virginia 
Company], whilst Kightley produced the certificates of 24 
persons who were present to prove that he never uttered such words. 
Kightley brought an action against Canning for striking him on the 
Exchange, which arose out of a quarrel in Court the day before ; 
for this a jury gave 20?. against Canning. Leaves the whole matter 
to their consideration. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac, /., Vol. GL VI II., 
No. 12, Cal. p. 146. See ante, 8 Dec. 1623.] 

Jan. 30. 1. The Governor and Council of Virginia to the Virginia Corn- 
James City. pany. Recount the wars in which they have been engaged with 
the savages ; have cut down their corn, burnt their houses, and 
slaughtered many. Have also revenged the treachery of the Pas- 
caticons and their associates, the greatest people in those parts, for 
cutting off Capt. Spilman and Mr. Puntis' pinnace, and murdering 
great numbers of their ancient allies, the Patowmacks. No small 
difficulty to maintain a war by unwilling people. Were constrained 
1.0 desist for want of means to feed the soldiers. No hope of sub- 
verting these barbarous and perfidious Indians but by stratagem, 
neither fair war nor good quarter can ever be held with them. There 
have been large additions of buildings more convenient than guest 
houses, wherein great number of new comers may be entertained. The 
mortality, which is imputed to the country alone, is chiefly caused by 


1 68*. VOL - IIL 

the pestilent ships which reach Virginia victualled with musty breud 
and stinking beer, heretofore so earnestly complained of. New 
comers should bring their own provisions, so as not to make too 
sudden a change in their diet. Though the scarcity was great last 
year, none, to their knowledge, perished through want. A procla- 
mation has been issued for sowing abundance of corn, and measures 
have been taken to provide for the wants of the colony. Will turn 
their attention to staple commodities, iron works, vines, and silk. 
The whole Colony thanks the King for restraining the sole importa- 
tion of tobacco and for his favour, which enables them to attend to the 
strength and beauty of the colony, '' for what can be expected from 
poverty ?" Are grateful to the Company for supplies. Robt. Beriet in 
his lifetime boasted that the sale of four butts of wine would clear a 
voyage ; rotten wines destroy their bodies and empty their purses. 
Proceedings for the recovery of Mr. Blaney's debts. The Company 
are referred to Mr. Treasurer's letters for accounts of the glassworks, 
shipwrights, and composition with the Frenchmen. Will give an 
account of the petitions by Mr. Hart. The unmasking of Virginia 
is referred to a particular unmasking [of Capt. Butler] by the General 
Assembly. Relate what has been done regarding the Fort under- 
taken by Capt. Each, and how sickness had brought down great 
numbers since their last letters. Have with much earnestness im- 
portuned Capt. Smyth to stay upon the place, who has done as much 
as could be expected from him. Other things are referred to their 
next letters, which shall be written after the General Assembly has 
met. [Certified copy, endorsed " By the Furtherance." On 25 Dec., 
1 623, Sam. More writes to Nicholas. News has lately come from 
Virginia that the English, upon a treaty with the natives for peace, 
have poisoned a great many of them, for which the actors are very 
much blamed. Extract. DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CLVL, 
No. 1, Gal p. 1 34.] 

Feb. 16. 2. List of names of the living in Virginia. At College Land 
there were 29 persons ; at the Neck of Land, 4*1 ; West and Sherlow 
Hundred, 45 ; Jordan's Journey, 42 ; Flourdieu Hundred, 63, 
including 11 negroes; West and Sherlow Hundred Island, 24; 
Chaplain's Choice, 24 ; James City, 182, including 3 negroes ; in the 
Main, 88 ; James Island, 39, including 1 negro ; the Neck of Land, 
25 ; over the river, 33 ; at the plantation over against James City, 
77, including 1 negro ; at the Glass House, 5 ; Archer's Hoop, 14 ; 
Hogg Island, 31 ; Martin's Hundred, 24 ; Warwick Squeak, 33, 
including 4 negroes ; at Indian Thicket, 1 1 ; Elizabeth City, 
319, including 2 negroes ; Buckrow, 30 ; Bass' Choice, 20; at the 
Eastern shore, 76. Total 1,275, including 22 negroes. Also list of 
names of the dead in Virginia. Total 370, including 15 "killed" 
and two " lost." [ ? Sent by Davison to Ferrar. See ante p. 43, 
No. 28.] 

Feb'. 16 ? 3. List of thirteen letters and papers, including one book received 
from and sent to Virginia. [Several may be identified with those 
now in the State Paper Office.] 




Feb. 28. 

James City. 

VOL. in. 

4. Gov. Sir Fras. Wyatt, the Council and Assembly of Virginia, to 
the Privy Council. Have received divers letters from their Lord- 
ships, with copy of their orders from the Company, and return 
thanks to the King for remitting 3d. in the shilling customs on 
tobacco, and for granting to the colony the sole importation [sic]. 
Nothing will give more life, or a steadier advancement to the 
plantation. The charges of the war have so reduced the people 
that they are unable to set up staple commodities. The fruits of 
their labour are barely sufficient to clothe and feed them. Intreat 
the Privy Council to take into consideration that heavy burden in 
paying for customs above a third of their labours, which they 
desire may be reduced to five in the hundred. Protest against 
the accusation that they have neglected the fortifications, building 
of houses, and providing sustenance for the people. The relation of 
one that came from hence in these, as in other things, is slanderous 
and untrue. The King's orders respecting his intention to change 
the government of Virginia, sent over by Mr. Pory, have been pub- 
lished. Are ignorant of the dangers and ruins that might have 
befallen the colony by the continuance of the former government. 
Do not accuse any that have swayed it since Sir Thos. Smythe ; 
their slavery from that time has been converted into freedom. 
Had not been subject to censure if the bitter effects of the mas- 
sacre had not clouded their zeal. Desire that the Governors sent 
over may not have absolute authority, but be restrained, as hitherto, 
by the Council, which title they request may be retained, and not 
be converted into the name of Assistants. Inconveniences found by 
the strict limitations of the Governor and Council to instructions from 
England. Short continuance of Governors very disadvantageous to 
the colony. The first year they are raw in experience ; the second, 
begin to understand the affairs of the countiy ; and the third, pre- 
pare for their return. Beg they may retain the liberty of their 
General Assembly. " Nothing can more conduce to our satisfaction 
or the public utility." Signed by Sir Fras. Wyatt and thirty-one 

5. Copy of the preceding. 

6. Capt. John Harvey, Jo. Pory, Abrah. Peirsey, and Capt. Sam. 
Mathews to Sir Fran. Wyatt and others of the General Assembly 
of Virginia. Request, for the information of the Privy Council in 
England, their opinion in writing to four propositions concerning 
the present state of the colony. [Certified copy.] 

7. Reply of the General Assembly of Virginia to the four pro- 
positions of the Commissioners. The places in the country most 
fit to be fortified ; how the colony stands with respect to the 
savages ; the hopes that may be conceived of the plantation ; and 
the most direct means to attain them. Signed by Sir Fran. Wyatt, 
Sir Geo. Yeardley, Fran. West, George Sandys, and twenty eight 

March 2. 8. Certified copy of the preceding. 

Feb. 28. 
March 2. 

March 2. 


March 2. 
James City. 

March 2. 

March 2. 

VOL. in. 

The Commissioners of Virginia to the General Assembly. 
Assured that they have maturely considered the orders the Com- 
missioners published in the Assembly a week past, send for their 
consideration a form which they apprehend very fit to be subscribed 
to by the whole Assembly. [Certified copy.] Inclose, 

i. Form of subscription presented to the Assembly by Capt. 
Harvey, Jo. Pory, Abrah. Peirsey, and Capt. Mathews. 
Testifying thankfulness for the King's care of the colony 
and consenting to the revocation of old patents, and 
to accept of a new charter. 1624, March 2. [Certified 
copy, see ante, Colonial Corresp , Vol. III., No. 6.] 

Gov. Sir Fras. Wyatt, the Council and Assembly of Virginia, to 
the Commissioners. Have already given thanks to the King for his 
tender care over them, and answered the letters and orders of the 
Privy Council. When their consent to the surrender of the patent 
is required, will be the proper time to reply. Conceive the King's 
intention to change the Government has proceeded from misinforma- 
tion, which they hope may be altered upon their more faithful 
declarations. [Certified copy, see ante, Colonial Corresp., Vol. III., 
No. 6.] 

The Assembly of Virginia to Capt. Harvey and others, the 
Commissioners. Do not conceive that they were authorized by their 
instructions to make the last proposition, and desire to see the 
extent of their authority before the General Assembly is dissolved 
on the following day. [Certified copy, see ante, Colonial Corresp., 
Vol. III., No. 6.] 

The Commissioners to the Governor, Council, and Assembly of 
Virginia. Acknowledge that they had neither commission nor 
instructions to move them to subscribe that form to the King. Pro- 
pounded it by way of counsel for the good of the plantation. Had 
the Assembly refused to answer it, think it would have shown dis- 
content, or been at least uncourteous. The Assembly have no reason 
to search into the extent of the Commissioners' authority. Cannot 
profess that they have no further commission concerning them, for 
what is unperformed touches their persons, servants, corn, cattle, 
arms, houses, &c. [See ante, Colonial Corresp., Vol. III., No. 6.] 

9. List of 35 laws and orders concluded at a General Assembly 
held at James City in Virginia, by the Governor, Council, and two 
burgesses elected out of every plantation by the major part of 
voices Feb. 16, 1624. Signed by Sir Fras. Wyatt, seven of the 
Council, and 27 of the Assembly. [Certified copy.~] 

[Edw. Nicholas to John Nicholas], Ships arrived this week 
from Virginia and the Somers Islands certify the welfare of the 
people, but in Virginia they are still at enmity with the natives. 
[Extract. DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. L, Vol. CLX., No. 70, Gal. p. 186.] 

March 20. 10. Reasons offered to the Privy Council against Sir Edwin 
Sandys' contract and joint stock for the Virginia and Somers Islands 
tobacco, and against the monopoly of tobacco. 

March 3. 
James City. 

March 5. 

James City, 


March 12 



ic^A VOL. III. 


[April 22.] 11. Petition of Capt. John Bargrave to the House of Commons, on 
behalf of himself, the absent planters in Virginia, and all other 
adventurers that shall adventure their estates under a government 
where, the Governor being corrupt, the profits of the greatest joint 
stocks may, by practice and factions, be monopolized into a few 
private hands. Against the proceedings of Sir Thos. Smythe late 
Treasurer of the Virginia Company and others practising with him 
for ruling the colony by laws directly contrary to the King's letters 
patent. Prays that Sir Thos. Smythe may be compelled to refund 
all monies to the Company for which he can show no true account ; 
that the dishonour the plantation hath received may be con- 
sidered ; and Smythe and his associates ordered to give satisfaction 
for their unjust practices. [Copy. On the same day Sir Thos. 
Smythe writes to Sec. Conway, intreating him to attend the Grand 
Committee of Grievances to-morrow in order to help to stop the 
clamorous tongue of Bargrave, who has petitioned against Smythe 
and others. See DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. L, Vol. CLXIII., No. 28, 
Cat. p. 220.] 

April. 12. Answer of Sir Thos. Smythe and Robt. Johnson, alderman, to 

the petition of Capt. John Bargrave, exhibited by way of com- 
plaint to the Commons Committee of Grievances. Concerning 
the tyrannical government imposed upon the people in Virginia by 
Sir Thos. Smythe ; Bargrave 's allegations touching his patent of free 
trade for those parts and his intention to make a private planta- 
tion ; the monopoly of importing tobacco ; and the charges against 
Alderman Johnson for " indirect dealing/' Represent that there is 
an action for 5001. now pending against Bargrave, who is indebted 
to the Company for that amount for tobacco bought of them, and 
pray that some course may be determined for " easing this their 
grievance which may be any man's case to be so abused if he be 
suffered without punishment." [Copy. On 26 April 1624, a petition 
presented by Mr. Ferrar from the Treasurer, Council, and Company 
of Virginia was read in Parliament, and Wednesday 28th, appointed 
to take it into consideration [see Commons Journal] ; but on that 
day the King wrote to the Speaker of the House of Commons, 
desiring the Commons not to trouble themselves with the petition, 
as it would renew the factions of the Company which were in 
settlement by His Majesty and the Privy Council. [See DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Jac. /., Vol. CLXIII., No. 71, Col. p. 227.] Sir Isaac 
Wake informed Sec. Conway on the following day that the King's 
letter, which was received with universal applause [in the House 
of Commons] had quieted the great schism caused by the Vir- 
ginians. SAVOY Corresp., 1624, April 29. See also Nethersole's 
Letter, May 6.] 

April? 13. Memorial of Count de Tillieres, French Ambassador in Eng- 

land, to [Sec. Conway]. The English hostilities in Canada, parti- 
cularly against the Sieur de Poutrincourt, may prejudice the peace 
and good friendship which exists between the two nations. De- 
scribes the English possessions in America as from Virginia to the 
Gulf of Mexico, an extent of more than 500 leagues, and requests 





that the King of Great Britain will prohibit bis subjects from dis- 
turbing the French in their settlements, and especially the Sieur de 
Poutrincourt in his possessions in those parts. [Copy. French. 
Tillieres arrived in England about Sept. 1023, and was recalled 
18th June 1624. See FRENCH Corresp.] 

1 4. Answer to the Memorial of Mons. de Tillieres. The under- 
takers for the plantation of New England are surprised that the 
subjects of the King of France should have any doubt upon, or 
dispute the extent of their patent between 40 and 48 degrees, 
which has been so long recognised by both nations. The discoveries 
by Sebastian Cabot, the letters patent to Sir Humphrey Gilbert and 
Sir Walter Raleigh, and King James' charter for the establishment 
of the two colonies in those parts are recited. It is argued that the 
pretensions of the French can only date from the discoveries made 
by Jacques de Cartier, and the foundation of a plantation at a place 
called Tadousac, by Sam. Champlain. Sir William Alexander's 
patent is also quoted, and the right of Mons. Poutrincourt to the 
possession or settlement of any of those parts disputed. There is a 
great desire to maintain good correspondence with the French 
King's subjects, and " nous serons joyeux," that a conference should 
be had with Mons. Poutrincourt or his friends, for the better con- 
firmation of a good understanding [cours civil] for the future. 
French. [Copy.] 

April 27. [Sec. Conway] to Lord President Mandeville. Sends remonstrance 
of the French Ambassador, with translation in English for his Lord- 
ship's ease. The King desires him to summon the merchants trading 
to Newfoundland before the Privy Council, to examine the grounds 
of complaint, and report what will be fitting for His Majesty to 
reply. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXIIL, No. 59, Gal. p. 225.] 

April 28. 15. Geo. Menefie to John Harrison. Although a stranger to him 

James City, W as well acquainted with his brother [George] whose death took 

Virginia. place fourteen days after a duel with Rich. Stephens, in which he 

received a small cut in the knee only ; the jury at the inquest, after 

a post mortem examination, affirmed that he died of natural disease. 

Sends particulars of his will ; an inventor}'- of his estate he shall 

receive by the next ship. Asks for instructions touching his 

brother's estates in Virginia and the W'est Indies. Hopes to see 

him in London next year. 

Chamberlain to Carleton. The King wrote a letter yesterday to 
the Lower House, to rid them of a thorny business touching Virginia 
and the Somers Islands. It was like to have bred much faction 
among them, to prevent which, the King has reserved the whole 
cause to his own hearing. Thinks it the best coarse that could have 
been taken, and no doubt most pleasing to the major part. [Extract. 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. L, Vol. CLXIIL, No. 74, Cal. p. 227.] 

May 6. Sir Fras. Nethersole to Carleton. A motion made in the Lower 
House for hearing the late differences in the Virginia Company, 
which threaten its ruin, and with much unwillingness a committee 

April 30. 





May 24. 


June 14. 

June 24. 


June 26. 


June 26. 


of the whole House appointed. On Wednesday last, Mr. Ferrar, 
deputy of the Company, Sir Edwin Sandys, Lord Cavendish, and 
Sir John Danvers, made relation of proceedings ; they "layed the 
great load " upon the Lord Treasurer, charged the Commissioners, 
appointed by the King to report upon the cause, with extreme 
partiality, and accused Sir Nath. Rich of being an active ill-instru- 
ment among them. Gondomar and his successors were not spared, 
and declared to have used their utmost endeavours to destroy the 
Company and their plantation. At the time when the Com- 
missioners were to examine Sir Edwin Sandys and former Governors 
as to their governments, he was commanded by the Lord Treasurer, 
in the King's name, to go out of town. The King disavowed it, 
and gave Sandys liberty to return. The business appearing very 
foul, many, at first unwilling, were now content to have it ripped up. 
Next day the King forbad the House to proceed any further ; the 
matter having been specially recommended to his Council, His 
Majesty feared that troubles, to quiet which much pains had already 
been taken, might be stirred again by the House meddling with 
them. This was assented to by a general silence, but not without 
soft muttering that any < t her business might in the same way be 
taken out of the hands oi Parliament. [Extract DOMESTIC Gor- 
resp. Jac. L, Vol. CLXIV. _Vb. 46. Gal. p. 237.] 

Nethersole to Carleton. Sir Edwin Sandys has reported upon a 
patent for sole trade to Guinea and Binney, obtained by some men, 
who pretend to have found it out, whereas many have been there 
almost fifty years since, and it is condemned as a grievance. [Ext. 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXV., No. 34, Gal. p. 254.] 

[Sec. Conway] to Sir Thos. Merry.. The King desires that the 
letters and papers relating to the affairs of Virginia, in the possession 
of his late cousin, who was employed in that business, may be safely 
preserved, together with any, that he may know of, in the custody 
of others. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. /., Vol. CLXVII., No. 60 
Gal. p. 274.] 

Order of the Privy Council appointing Lord President Mandeville, 
Lords Paget, Chichester, and others, a Committee to resolve upon 
the well-settling of the colony of Virginia, and to give order for the 
government ; to certify their proceedings to the King, and take 
further directions therein, His Majesty being resolved to renew a 
charter, with former privileges and amendment of previous imper- 
fections. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 210.] 

Order of the Privy Council for Mr. Ferrar, deputy for the late 
Company of Virginia, to bring to the Council chamber all the patents, 
books of accounts, and invoices, concerning the late corporation, and 
the lists of the people in that colony, to be retained by the Keeper 
of the Council chest till further order. [Colonial Entry Bk. Vol. 
LXXIX., p. 277.] 

16. Petition of sundry Commissioners and Adventurers of the 
Virginia Company to the Privy Council. Pray that Capt. John 






July 2. 



July 3. 



Bargrave's protection may not be renewed until some course shall 
have been taken for payment of his bond of 800?., due to them for a 
principal debt of 500?. 

Henry Earl of Southampton and certain other Lords of the 
Council, appointed a Council for Virginia. [Minute. Colonial 
Gorresp., 1609, p. 1.] 

Request [to the Privy Council ?] that as the King is concluding 
a contract with divers persons for all tobacco from the English 
Colonies for his own use, orders may be given to the Governor of 
Virginia not to suffer any trade with the Hollanders who are now 
freighting ships for that purpose, their provisions not being required 
in that plantation. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CLX1X. 
No. 7, Gal. p. 290.] 

The King to Solicitor General Heath. The Commons have 
petitioned against the import of foreign tobacco, and the planters and 
adventurers in Virginia and the Somers Islands have also petitioned 
for consideration of the languishing state of those colonies, which 
can only subsist at present by the sale of their tobacco at reasonable 
prices Although well assured that these plantations cannot prosper, 
if they rely upon tobacco only and neglect other things of greater 
consequence, yet he is required, with the advice of Sec. Conway and 
Sir Rich. Weston, to draw up a contract with the planters and ad- 
venturers of these colonies for all their tobacco to be delivered for the 
King's use, on which His Majesty will declare his pleasure concern- 
ing that of other countries. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. /., Vol. 
CLXIX., No. 5, Gal. p. 290.] 

Statement [by Sol. Gen. Heath,] that the House of Commons 
having petitioned against the importation of foreign tobacco, not of 
the growth of the King's dominions, His Majesty conceiving it may 
further trade and bring money into this realm, is willing to contract 
with the Governor and Company of Virginia and the Bermudas for 
the import of a sufficient quantity for England and Ireland. The 
King will prohibit the import of foreign tobacco as requested, and 
the planting of any considerable quantity in England, and will take of 
those colonies 400,000 weight yearly, of two sorts, the better at 15?. 
the cwt. the worser at 10L the cwt. The Companies to be allowed 
to export to foreign countries all imported above that quantity. 
[DOMESTIC Gorresp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXIX., No. 6, Gal. p. 290.] 

Sir F. Nethersole to [Carleton]. A Commission of Privy Councillors 
and others appointed to advise on a fit patent for the Virginia 
Company, the old one having been overthrown by a quo warranto 
the last day of term. The intended reformation is that there shall 
be a Company for trade but not for government of the country, of 
which latter the King will himself take care. This is to avoid 
the faction that has grown in the Company and the " popularness " 
of the government, also displeasing to the King. Report speaks of 
a great army of 100 men to be sent thither to secure the inhabitants 
from the Indians without distracting them from their labours. 
[Extract. DOMESTIC Gorresp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXIX. No 14 
Gal p. 291.] 



July. 17. Lord President Mandeville to Sec. Con way. Sends, for the 

King's information, a brief of the proceedings of the Commissioners 
for Virginia. All will be at a stand until a proclamation go forth 
to stay the importation of foreign tobacco ; which if it be not pre- 
vented will throw back the progress of the Colony two or three 
years. It is in contemplation to make restitution to the King for 
any loss there may be in his customs, by raising it out of the 
plantation tobacco. Incloses, 

1 7. i. Orders set down at a meeting of the Commissioners for Vir- 
ginia, the Commission being sealed on the 15 July 162-4 
[See ante, 24 June]. To meet every Thursday at Sir Thos. 
Smythe's house ; all charters, writings, and seals of the 
Company to be left in custody of the clerk and used by the 
Commissioners at their pleasure. The present state of that 
plantation to be considered at the next meeting. Power to 
the Committee to examine persons able to give information 
therein, and report to be made upon the fittest course to 
settle the government, the necessary supplies, defence 
against the savages, and the commodities that can be 
raised. Publication of the King's commission to be 
made at the Exchange ; any going or sending to Virginia 
to repair to the Commissioners to receive directions, as 
they did before from the Company. The Committee are 
next to take into consideration how the plantation now 
stands, and how it did stand at the bringing of the quo 
warranto, and what transactions and grants have been 
made since that time, and by whom. The Commissioners 
conceive that there is absolute necessity, for the present, 
for maintaining the plantation by their tobacco, and that 
the importation of foreign tobacco should be restrained. 
The Lord President is desired to request the King that 
no ship be permitted to go. to Virginia until resolution be 
taken for settling the government there, lest the report of 
the dissolution of the former government breed confusion, 
before the settling of a new. The Commissioners to 
meet every day until further resolutions are taken for the 
good of the plantation. 1624, July 16. 

July 18. Order of the Privy Council to move the King for an allowance 
of 1 oQl. to Thomas [John] Pory, employed by the Board in Virginia 
"about His Maj ties special affairs " in which service he hath expended 
100Z. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 277.] 

July 19. Sec. Conway to Lord President Mandeville. The King approves 
Koyston. the proceedings in the Virginia business. The restraint of import of 

tobacco is to be considered ; propounds some difficulties therein. 

[Minute. Conway 's Letter Bk., p. 136.] 

July 19. Sec. Conway to Att. Gen. Coventry. To put Mr. Bing in the 
Royston. Commission for Virginia, if he know no cause to the contrary. 
[Minute, Conway' s Letter Bk., p. 137.] 


1624. VoL ' IIL 

July 20. Warrant to pay to John Pory loQl. in discharge of 100?., ex- 
pended by him, and as a reward for his service when employed in 
Virginia about the King's special affairs. [Sign Manual, Jac. I., 
Vol. XVI., No. 50.] 

July 25. 18. Attorney General Coventry to Sec. Conway. Certifies why 
Kensington. [Robt ] Bing was willingly forgotten in the commission for Virginia. 
The business in hand is weighty and serious, this man somewhat 
light, and to use the Lord Keeper's words, " a mere good fellow, a 
man of no estate, who, for saucy conduct before the Council table, 
and offensive behaviour to Lord Southampton, had been committed 
to the Marshalsea." Prays for speedy directions, that, if these reasons 
be not allowed by the King, he may take a course for adding 
him to the commission himself, having no other end in view but His 
Majesty's service. 

July 26. Sec. Conway to Lord President Mandeville. The King has been 
Ashby. importuned by the bearer, Capt. Bargrave, for the continuance of his 
protection. The Privy Council is to examine what advance Bar- 
grave has made in the payment of his debts, and to renew protection 
for six months if his real purpose is to order his estate for the pay- 
ment of them, with provision that he desist from molesting others by 
suits in the Star Chamber, and especially Sir Thos. Smythe, the 
King being informed that is the only use Bargrave would make of 
his protection. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXX., No. 65.] 

July 31. 19. Solicitor General Heath to Sec. Conway. The Commissioners 
for Virginia conceive that a commission from the King, under the 
Great Seal, should be sent to some of the principal inhabitants there 
for present government of the colony. Sends a form agreed on 
[wanting] for His Majesty's signature, and desires that a last 
of powder may be sent thither out of the King's store. 

July 31. 20. Sir Thos. Smythe to Sec. Conway. Capt. Bargrave has 
Philpot Lane, returned from Court to London, and gives out that his protection 
is renewed. The Virginia Company were in hopes that their debt 
of 500?. would have been first satisfied, which they intended for 
relief of the colony. Desires the inclosed petition may be shown to 
the King. Annexed, 

20. i. Petition of sundry Commissioners and Adventurers of the 
Virginia Company to the King. [Duplicate of the 
petition to the Privy Council calendared under date of 
26 June 1 624, ante, p. 62.] 

July 21. Petition of Gov. Sir Fran. Wyatt, the Council and Assembly 

of Virginia to the King. Have understood that His Majesty, not- 
withstanding the unjust disparagement of the plantation, has taken 
it under his especial care ; in treat that credit may not be given to 
the late declarations presented to His Majesty concerning the happy 
but indeed miserable estate of the colony during the first twelve 
years [of Sir Thos. Smythe's government] nor to the malicious im- 



1624. VOL. III. 

putations which have been laid upon the late government. Inclose 
the true state of both, and earnestly request that the present 
government may be continued. Pray that the King's tender com- 
passion will not allow them to fall into the hands of Sir Thos. 
Smythe or his confidents. Being disabled through the late 
massacre, continued war, and mean price of tobacco, from setting up 
staple commodities, extirpating the savages, and much less fortifying 
against foreign enemies, they solicit the effect of His Majesty's in- 
tention for the colony and the Somers Islands to have the sole 
importation of tobacco, not as an end to affect that contemptible 
weed, but as a present means to set up staple commodities ; and 
that they may have a voice in the disposal of the soldiers they have 
been put in hopes will be sent over. Signed by Sir Fran. Wyatt, 
Capt. Fran. West, Sir Geo. Yeardley, and twenty-six others. 

21. i. "Brief declaration of the plantation of Virginia during 
the first twelve years, when Sir Thos. Smythe was Governor 
of the Company, and down to this present time by the 
ancient planters now remaining alive in the colony." 
Read in General Assembly and fully approved. The heads 
of this paper, consisting of eighteen pages, may be ab- 
stracted as follows : Reasons that were published why a 
plantation should be settled in Virginia [in 1606] ; ex- 
treme wants of the first plantation of 100 persons. The 
first supply sent about nine months after in the John 
and Francis, and the Phoenix, with 1 20 persons, found 
not more than 40 inhabitants, and of those only ten able- 
bodied men. Wholly employed in cutting down trees for 
'masts, and digging for gold. Some few houses built, and 
four acres of ground cleared for the whole coloviy. The 
second supply sent in the Mary Margaret, with 60 
persons, mostly gentlemen and some Poles, arrived 
about nine months after, Michaelmas [1608]. In less 
than two months, want compelled them to trade with the 
Indians for corn. Capt. Samuel Argoll then came in a 
small barque, but with neither men nor provisions. The 
following month the third supply arrived, called Sir Thos. 
Gates' fleet, of seven ships and near 500 persons ; but 
there were so few houses that these were quartered in an 
open field. The colony was then divided into three 
parties ; the 1st, under Capt. Fran. West, to seat at the 
head of the river ; the 2nd, under Capt. John Smith, then 
President, at James Town ; and the third, under Capt 
John Martin, in Nansamund River. The Indians 
soon forced them all to retire, and famine compelled them 
to devour hogs, dogs, and horses, or what they could light 
upon. On 20 May [1610] Sir Thos. Gates and Sir Geo. 
Somers happily arrived in two small barques built in the 
Somers Islands, after the Sea Adventure was wrecked, 


and with them 100 persons barely provided. Their num- 
ber at that time consisted of 60 persons. They soon 
resolved to leave the colony, hoping never to return, and 
had all embarked in two pinnaces when they met with 
Lord De la Warr, who had brought three good ships, 250 
persons, and some store of provisions. Within a few 
months not less than 150 died of calenture and fever. 
Two small forts were erected at Kiccowtan. At the end of 
October, Lord De la Warr sent orders to Capts. Yeardley 
and Holcroft to abandon the forts, go to James Town, and 
soon after Capts. Ed. Brewster and Yeardley, with 150 per- 
sons, marched towards the mountains for discovery of 
gold ; but this design was hindered thro' the chiefs being 
slain by the savages. Then came the Dainty with 12 
men and one woman. About three months after, Lord 
De la Warr, " his disease of body growing much upon 
him,," quitted Virginia, leaving Capt. Geo. Percy, Deputy 
Governor. At his departure the plantations held were 
James Town and Point Comfort, and, a fortnight after, 
the Hercules landed 30 people and provisions. On 12 
May following [1611] arrived Sir Thos. Dale, with three 
ships, 300 persons, and provisions "for the most part, 
such as hogs refused to eat." He immediately published 
most tyrannous and cruel laws sent over by Sir Thos. 
Smythe. Sir Thos. Gates' three ships, " three carvills," and 
300 persons, meanly provided with victuals, came soon 
afterwards. The following Michaelmas, Sir Thos. Dale, 
with 300 persons, began to build Henrico Town; his 
whole company endured the most extraordinary suffer- 
ings. The colony continued in extreme misery and 
slavery for five years. Fortifications, buildings, and 
other improvements in the time of Sirs Thos. Dale and 
Gates (the people not allowed to employ themselves in 
husbandry} ; the ships then sent over were the John 
and Francis and the Sarah, with few men and less 
victuals; the Treasurer, with Capt. Sam. Argoll and 
50 men ; and the Elizabeth with 13 persons, in which Sir 
Thos. Gates went for England, leaving the government 
with Sir Thos. Dale. Soon after they were seated at 
Charles Town, peace was concluded with the savages. 
Want and scarcity then caused an intended mutiny, but 
it was discovered and six were executed. After this the 
John and Francis came, with 20 persons ; the Treasurer, 
with 20 persons, in which ship Sir Thos. Dale quitted 
Virginia, leaving the government to Capt. Geo. Yeardley, 
under whom, the colony lived in peace and plenty. The 
following Michaelmas, the Susan landed the first maga- 
zine consisting of necessary clothing. At Christmas 
the Governor and a company of 84 men marched against 
the Indians, revenged themselves upon them, and con- 

E 2 



eluded a league which lasted inviolable almost tivo years. 
In the March following those who had served three 
years demanded their long desired freedom, to which the 
Governor assented. In Nay, Capt. Sam. Arc/oil arrived, 
with 100 persons. The next ship, the George, came so 
meanly provided that, had not the men been relieved by 
the old planters, they must have starved. The Neptune 
and the Treasurer arrived in August following, set out 
at the charge of Lord De la Warr, which brought a das- 
ease they had never known before, called the bloody flux. 
Then came the William and Thomas, and the Gift in 
January, followed by the Eleanor in April, in which 
Capt. Argoll shipped himself for England. Miseries and 
calamities were endured during the whole twelve years ; 
few works of importance were performed, and all men's 
letters were examined, that the true state of the colony 
might not be declared. No man was permitted to go 
home, but was kept in the colony by force. One man 
received the King's pass closely made up in a garter, lest 
it should have been seized. Sir Thos. Dale, at his arrival, 
pulled Capt. Newport's beard, and threatened to hang 
him, for affirming Sir Thos. Smythe's relation to be true. 
70,OOOZ. was advanced during Smythe's 12 years' govern- 
ment, at the end of which time, in April 1619, Sir Geo. 
Yeardley arrived Governor. State in which he found 
the colony, his commissions and instructions from the 
Company, and proceedings. A II who arrived before the 
departure of Sir Thos. Dale were made free ; the cruel 
laws by which they had been governed were abrogated, 
liberty was given to all to choose and plant their divi- 
dends of land ; a General Assembly was established, and 
ordered to be held yearly, to consist of the Governor, 
Council, and two Burgesses from each plantation, 
freely to be elected by the inhabitants. In three years 
the country was in a flourishing condition, which is 
described. In October 1621, Sir Fran. Wyatt arrived 
Governor, who confirmed them in all their privileges. 
Then came the massacre by the Indians, on 22 March 
1622, " that almost defaced the beauty of the whole colony," 
and prevented the continuance of " those excellent works 
wherein they had made so fair a beginning," and after 
that the famine the following year. The colony has been 
revenged upon the savages, and in time it is hoped they 
will be driven from those parts. The present state of the 
colony is left to the report of the Commissioners now sent 
over by the Privy Council. 

July? 22. Reasons alleged on behalf of the King's Farmers of the custom 

and impost upon tobacco. Arguments in favour of a reduction of 
the duties. Capt. Downton's tobacco was 6,000 weight, the impost 






and custom more than 2,OOOZ., the composition 500Z., which he 
is not provided to pay. Pray that duties may be imposed propor- 
tionable to the value and quality of that drug, and for redress of 
several grievances. 

23. Brief answer to the propositions touching tobacco lately de- 
livered by the King's Farmers of Customs, showing a profit of 
93,350. to the Crown on the importation of 300,000 Ibs. of tobacco 
from Virginia, 100,000 Ibs. from the Somers Islands, and 50,000 Ibs. 
from Spain, or elsewhere. 

August 2. Sol. Gen. Heath to Duke of Buckingham. Takes the opportunity 
of Mr. Pory coming to Court about the Virginia business, and Lord 
Warwick being there, to in treat his assistance in settling the contract 
for the Virginia tobacco, a work both honourable anH profitable, if 
well managed. Has inclosed particular instructions, in a letter to 
Sir Geo. Goring, at a fit opportunity to debate with Buckingham. 
Knows Goring to be discreet, and that they will be safe in his hands. 
[DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. /., Vol. CLXXI., No. 7, Gal p. 320.] 

August 5. 24. Sir Thos. Smythe to Lord President Mandeville. Requests 
Philpot Lane. ne will be a means to hinder, or at least defer, Capt. Bargrave's 
protection, as he hopes to procure a countermand from the King. 

August 9. 

25. Robt. Earl of Warwick to Sec. Conway. Has sent -Mr. Pory 
with the commission [for Virginia] to desire him to put out Mr. Potts' 
name, who was the poisoner of the savages there, and therefore 
unfit to be employed by the State in any business. Prays him 
to remind the King to write to Mr. Attorney to put Robt. Bing in 
the Virginia commission, according to His Majesty's promise. 

August 13. Sec. Conway to Attorney Gen. Coventry. To confer with the 
Earl of Warwick and Sir Thos. Smythe about putting [Robt.] Bing 
into the commission for Virginia, and to do therein what shall be 
most advantageous to the service. [Minute. Conway's Letter Bk.] 

August 13. Sec. Conway to Sol. Gen. Heath. Returns to him, signed, the 

Nottingham, commission for a Council in Virginia [with Mr. Potts' name put out ; 

see Conway's Letter Bk., p. 146.] Mr. Pory has spared no attendance 

nor diligence in the matter. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. 

CLXXI., No. 47.] 

August 16. 26. Power of attorney from John Harrison, of London, to James 
Carter, master of the Anne, to dispose of the unexpired time ot 
servitude of seven servants sent over by him to Virginia., and of the 
effects of his only brother George, deceased. [Draft.] 

August 16. 27. Copy of the above. 

Sept. 15. Licence to Sir Francis Wyatt, Governor of Virginia, to return 
to England for his own private business, on the decease of his father. 
Power to Sir George Yeardley to be Governor in his stead, and on 
his death John Harvey, or failing him, any one of the Council there, 
chosen by the majority. [Docquet. DOMESTIC Jac. /.] 




Sept. 28. 


Sept. 30. 



The Privy Council to the Governor of Virginia. John Puntis, 
Vice- Admiral of Virginia, lately deceased in England, having made 
Sir Thomas Merry his executor, and a great part of the estate re- 
maining in Virginia, he is directed to cause an exact account to be 
taken of Puntis' property, to be sealed and sent over to Merry. 
[Colonial Entry Bk. } Vol. LXXIX., p. 277.] 

Warrant to Lord Carew, Master of the Ordnance, to deliver 20 
barrels of powder to Sir Thomas Smythe for the use of the Somers 
Islands, to be paid for at the rate of lOd. per Ib. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 278.] 

Oct. 22. Warrant to Lord Carew, Master of the Ordnance, to deliver 
Whitehall, to the Virginia Commissioners, one last of powder for the better 

defence and security of that plantation. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 

LXXIX., p. 278.] 

Oct. ? Capt. John Bargrave to . His estate has been ruined in 

undertaking "this noble and glorious work of Virginia." Has 
remodelled his project, formerly delivered by the King to the Earl 
of Warwick, for settling that government and re-delivered it to His 
Majesty. Is sure it is the only safe and profitable way to plant 
Virginia, without which all the men and money spent in that 
business will be lost. Has dedicated himself to die in seeing 
it effected. By " yor honor's " furtherance the government may be 
settled within a fortnight. [Extract, DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. 
CLXXIIL, No. 120, Gal. p. 366.] 

Nov. 16. 28. SirsThos. Smythe, Ferd. Gorges, John Wolstenholme, and Sam. 
Argoll, Thos. Gibbs, Sam. Wrote, and John Pory, the Council for 
Virginia, to Earl of Warwick. Mons. Beaumont having moved the 
Commissioners to be speedily dispatched [to Virginia] because of the 
" great charge he lyes at with his men/' they pray, on his behalf, for 
a grant of free denization of England, as others, undertakers, have 
formerly had. 

Nov. 18. [Sec. Con way] to Sol. Gen. Heath. At the earnest suit of 
the Council of Virginia, the King desires he will prepare a grant of 
denization for Mons. Beaumont now bound thither, with special 
proviso not to pay more customs and subsidies than a natural born 
subject. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CLXIV., No. 85, Calp. 381.] 

Nov. 28. 29. The King to the Commissioners and Company of Virginia. Re- 
commends James Stuart for some fit employment, on account of the 
zeal and good affection which he hath shown for the advancement of 
the plantation in Virginia. 

Dec. 2. 30. Gov. Sir Francis Wyatt and Council of Virginia to Henry Earl 

James City. o f Southampton and the Council and Company of Virginia. Have 
received letters from the Privy Council of 19 Dec. 1623 in behalf of 
Capt. John Martin, which, by divers reports, he has little deserved. 
Widow Smaley when she arrives from New England shall find all 
lawful favour. God has given them a great victory over Otiotan and 




Dec. 13. 


Dec. 31, 


Jan. 7. 

Jan. 10. 
James City. 


the Pamunkeys, with their confederates, numbering 800 bowmen. 
The fighting lasted two days ; many of the Indians slain but 
only sixteen of the English hurt, and as much corn cut down 
as would have sustained 400 men for a twelvemonth. Earnestly 
desire a supply of powder. The colony very well as to health this 
summer ; the mortality of former years not to be attributed to the 
climate. A plentiful harvest of corn, and the industrious well stored 
with provision " so that (excepting the number of men) the colony 
hath worn out the scars of the massacre." 

31. The Commissioners for Virginia to the King. Reasons against 
granting the petition of divers who call themselves merchants trading 
for Spain but are really retailers of tobacco, praying for the importa- 
tion of Spanish tobacco. The King's late proclamation against the 
importation of foreign tobacco has put a new life into the plantations 
of Virginia and the Somers Islands. Signed by Attorney General 
Heath, Sir Ferd. Gorges, and twelve others. 

Grant to Giles Beaumont, Frenchman, of denization, for England 
and Virginia, on his offer to take a number of men there and plant 
them at his own charge, with a special privilege not to pay any 
more customs or subsidies than the King's born subjects ; also con- 
firming to him such lands and liberties in Virginia as by the Com- 
missioners for that plantation shall be thought fit. [Docquet. 
DOMESTIC Jac. /.] 

32. Considerations touching the new contract of tobacco, as the same 
hath been propounded by Mr. Dichfield and the other undertakers ; 
with reasons against this contract. [On 18 Oct. 1624 a warrant was 
issued to prepare a bill for Edw. Dichfield and five others, on recom- 
mendation of the Virginia Commissioners, appointing them officers 
for searching and sealing tobacco. See DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., 
Vol. GLXXIII., No. 55, Gal. p. 356.] 

33. Solicitor General Heath's motion for the release of the Eliza- 
beth of London, Richard Page master, bound to Virginia. Sent with 
passengers and a last of powder, the King's gift, about ten weeks 
ago, but broke her masts by foul weather and is now at Dover ready 
to sail, but stayed by command [for transportation of the soldiers]. 
[Endorsement by Nicholas.] 

34. Gov. Sir Francis Wyatt and Council of Virginia to the Earl of 
Southampton and Council and Company of Virginia. Edmund Tuchin, 
who had a commission to make a voyage thither in the Due Return, 
instituted, before his decease, his brother Simon master. Upon in- 
formation that he was strongly affected to popery and banished out 
of Ireland, they conceived him, after examination, to be dangerous 
to the colony, in case he should become a pilot to the foreign enemy. 
Have therefore sent him home for their graver judgments. [In May 
1625 Simon Tuchin was examined by the clerks of the Privy 
Council who reported that he was not free from suspicion of having 
intended to put himself or his ship into the hands of the Spaniards 
in the West Indies ; and on 4th June following he petitions the Privy 





Council for release from imprisonment, and declares that he did not 
take soundings of the rivers and harbours of Virginia as asserted by 
the Virginia Company. [See DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. L, Vol. II., 
No. 122, Gal. p. 32, and Vol. III., No. 32, Gal. p. 38.] 

January. 35. Musters of the inhabitants of the college land in Virginia ; of 
Virginia, the neck of land in the corporation of Charles City ; West and Shirley 
Hundred ; Jordan's Journey ; Chaplain's Choice and the Truelove's 
Company ; Peirsey's Hundred ; Pasbehaighs and the Maine belong- 
ing to the corporation of James City ; James City and Island ; of a 
neck of land near James City ; Hog Island ; Martin's Hundred ; 
Mulberry Island ; Wariscoyack ; Bass's choice ; Newport News ; 
Elizabeth City ; and of the Eastern shore over the Bay ; taken 
between the 20th Jan. and 7th Feb. together with the names of the 
ships in which the people arrived in the colony, and a list of the 
provisions brought by each ; also a list of the dead in the several 
plantations. 116 pages. 

Feb. 4, 36. Gov. Sir Francis "Wyatt and Council of Virginia to Earl of 

James City. Southampton and Council and Company of Virginia. Send, as 
commanded, particulars of their proceeding and orders upon the com- 
plaints of Capt. Martin against Sir Geo. Yeardley, as also concerning 
the cattle in question between him and Capt. Bargrave. Cannot but 
praise the Company's charity in forgiving the many foul injuries and 
slanders, some particulars of which they inclose, and of which Capt. 
Martin has boasted. Complain that their government has been 
shaken and weakened by rumours spread at the coming in of the 
Commissioners, which are now revived by Capt. Martin. Inclose, 

36. I. Answer of Sir George Yeardley, defendant, to the demand 
of Capt. John Martin, complainant ; whereby he requireth 
recompense for wrongs done him, touching the right to 
certain cattle in Virginia, left in the custody of Lieut. 
Edm. Saunders. 

36. II. Orders of the Council of Virginia upon the demands of 
Capt. Martin, 1624, 27 Dec. 

36. in. Warrant by the Council for Lieut. Saunders to have the 
custody of the 17 head of cattle left in Virginia by Capt. 
Martin, which remain in controversy between him and 
Bar grave. 1621, May 3. 

36. IV. Examination of witnesses concerning the demand of 
Capt. Martin. [Certified copy.] 

Feb. 23. The Privy Council to the Virginia Commissioners. To report 

Whitehall, upon a petition of Lewis Hughs, minister of God's word, who 

complains against the Company of the Somers Islands for detaining 

a great part of his salary, due for several years ministry in those 

Islands. [Colonial Entry 'Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 278.] 

April 9. Proclamation forbidding any one to import, buy, sell, or use any 
Whitehall, tobacco which is not of the growth of Virginia or the Somers 
Islands. [Proclamations, Car. /., No. 6.] 




April 14. 

April ? 

April 22. 

April 29. 

April 29. 
April ? 

May 1 3. 



Propositions [in the handwriting of Sir John Coke] for incorpo- 
rating a company for defence and protection of the West Indies, 
and establishing a trade there ; and for fitting out a fleet to attack 
the Spanish settlements. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /., Vol. I., 
No. 59, Gal p. 9.] 

37. Mem. [by Attorney Gen. Heath] on the advantages derived by 
the Spaniards and Dutch from the West Indies, showing that it is 
neither safe nor profitable for them to be absolute lords of those 
parts, and suggesting, if the King entertain " this subject," that His 
Majesty must openly interpose, or permit it to be done underhand, 
and if it prosper make it his own at pleasure ; with reasons. 

38. The Privy Council to Sec. Conway and Lord Carew, Master of 
the Ordnance. To take into consideration what forts and places of 
strength are to be erected and maintained in Virginia, and to give 
an estimate of the present charge and the annual cost to maintain 

39. Sec. Conway to Sir Thos. Smythe. The Committee for the 
Virginia business having referred to Sec. Conway and Lord Carew 
the consideration of the state of that plantation, he is requested to 
send the names of such persons as may be of use to them in their 
proceedings, as also the maps, relations, and papers which may be 
with him. [.Dra/fc] 

Minute of the above. [Conway's Letter Bk., p. 211.] 

40. Answer of the Virginia Company to the Privy Council ; on the 
two propositions presented to them, as to the best form of government 
to be established for the affairs of Virginia ; and an offer for such a 
contract touching tobacco with the King, as might both uphold his 
former revenue and not be grievous to the plantations. In this 
interesting paper of 29 pages, the whole history of the planta- 
tion of Virginia from the year 1606 is past in review, and it 
is argued that the new patent should contain the same privileges 
and liberties as the old charter ; the customs upon all commodities 
but tobacco be remitted ; a nullity of the proceedings of the late 
Commissioners, "so extremely distasteful both to the adventurers 
and planters" be declared ; and the patent confirmed by Act of 
Parliament. Endorsed, " The discourse of the old Company of 

Proclamation for settling the plantation of Virginia. James 1st, 
having judicially repealed the Letters Patent of incorporation to 
the Company of Virginia, and undertaken the government, the King 
declares that the territories of Virginia, the Somers Islands, and New 
England shall form part of his empire and the government, of 
Virginia immediately depend upon himself. That Councils shall be 
established for the immediate care of the affairs of that colony, one 
in England, the other subordinate and resident in Virginia. That 
all public officers and ministers shall be maintained at the King's 




May 13. 

June 15. 
James City. 


charge ; all tobacco be taken by the King, and that strict obser- 
vance of the proclamation of 9 April 1625, touching tobacco, be 
enforced. [Proclamation, Car. I., No. 10.] 

Minute of the above. [See Colonial Corresp., 1 607, Jan. 9, under 
date of 12 May.] 

41. Governor Sir Francis Wyatt and Council of Virginia to [the 
Privy Council]. Have taken an inventory of Mr. Puntis' estate, but his 
debts exceed ten times the value of it. Request that Sir Thos. 
Merry's suit against John Hart for the payment of 200L may not 
be allowed to proceed. Have been forced to suspend Capt. John 
Martin from the commission for Virginia to which he was lately 
appointed by the King. Justify the punishment which was in- 
flicted upon Edward Sharpies, a clerk in the Sec. Office, who, con- 
trary to his oath and duty, "delivered our papers committed to 
his charge, which greatly concerned us." Desperate state of the 
colony " by the late pernicious contract." The effects begin to 
disclose themselves in their scant and miserable supplies. Signed 
by Sir Francis Wyatt, Sir Geo. Yeardley, Capt. Francis West, and 
six others. 

June 15? 42. Petition of Gov. Sir Francis Wyatt, the Council and Assembly 
of Virginia, to the King. Recite their petition sent over by John 
Puntis the year previous [see ante, p. 65, No. 21], which, by reason 
of Puntis' death they fear, together with their relations, was never 
presented, because the persons so j ustly complained of are joined in 
commission for governing the affairs of the colony. Are afraid that 
the same tyranny will be exercised upon their persons which the 
" pernicious contract " has already executed upon their fortunes. 
The supplies this year are so scanty and the state of the colony so 
desperate that great numbers of planters had resolved to leave for 
England, expressly to petition for redress and protection. But lest 
the clamours of so many should be troublesome they have unani- 
mously made choice of Sir Geo. Yeardley, who has again been 
nominated by His Majesty to succession in the government, to prefer 
their petition and represent their grievances. Pray that he may 
have a gracious hearing, and that the examination of their cause may 
be referred to Will. Lord Paget, Sir Rich. Weston, Sir Humph. May, 
and Sir Robt. Killigrew, Commissioners for the affairs of Virginia, 
to report thereon. Signed by Sir Fras. Wyatt, Capt. Fras. West, 
George Sandys, and 29 others. [Not having the signature of Sir 
Geo. Yeardley this petition was probably taken to England and 
presented by him. On 1 Sept. 1625, Sec. Conway writes to the 
Turkey Company to express, in the King's name, the sense he has of 
the equity and humanity with which Sir Francis Wyatt, Governor 
of Virginia, "or some other principal person returning from thence" 
was treated by the Turks. See DOMESTIC Car. I., Addenda.] 

43. Geo. Menefie to John Harrison. Account of the surrender of the 
estate of his late brother, Geo. Harrison, to Mr. Carter, according to 
his authority. Endorsed, " By the Ann, whom God conduct/' 

July 1. 


1625. VOL - IIL 

July? Note of things desired from Guinea, for which letters are to be 

written to the merchants of the Guinea Company and the Gold 
Coast, Humph. Slaney, Capt. Crispe, and [Wil.] Cloberry, and John 
Wood, Cape merchant. They include an elephant's head with the 
teeth very large ; a river horse's head ; strange sorts of fowls ; birds 
and fishes' skins ; great flying and sucking fishes ; all sorts of 
serpents, dried fruits, shining stones, &c. [On 31 July, John 
Tradescant writes to Nicholas that it is the Duke of Buckingham's 
pleasure that Nicholas should deal with all merchants from all 
places, but especially from Virginia, Bermudas, Newfoundland, 
Guinea, Binney, the Amazon, East Indies, &c., for all manner of 
rare beasts, fowls and birds, shells and stones,, &c. DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Car. L, Vol. IV., Nos. 155, 156, Gal p. 77.] 

Aug. 8. Mayor of Poole to the Privy Council. Unless measures are taken, 
Poole. the Newfoundland fleet of 250 sail, having on board four or five 
thousand men of the western parts, will be surprised by the Turkish 
pirates. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I., Vol. V., No. 24, Gal. p. 81. On 
1 2 Aug., the Mayor of Plymouth writes that there are general fears 
for the ships from Virginia and Newfoundland. Twenty-seven 
ships and 200 persons had been taken by Turkish pirates in ten 
days. Other letters on this subject will be found in DOMESTIC Cor- 
resp. Car. L, 1625, 1626.] 

Sept. 13. 44. Commission, reciting the discovery of St. Christopher, als 
Southampton. Merwar's Hope, Nevis, Barbadoes, and Montserrat, by Thos. Warner 
who, set forth and supplied by Ralph Merrifeld, hath also began a 
plantation and colony of those islands, until then inhabited only by 
savages, and not under the government of any Christian prince 
or state ; taking the said islands and inhabitants under the 
royal protection, and granting Thos. Warner the custody as the 
King's lieutenant, with full power to make orders, articles, and 
ordinances, to trade freely for all manner of commodities, and to 
send over people to strengthen the plantation. In the event of 
Thos. Warner's decease, John Jeaffreson, if he be still living, is 
appointed lieutenant ; and when the office becomes void by death, 
the English subjects, resident there, are empowered to elect a new 
lieutenant. [Copy.] 

Sept. 13. 45. Another copy of the preceding. 


Sept. 13. Minute of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

Oct. 4. 46. Petition of Sir George Yeardley to the King. At his coming 

from Virginia, the country was in great distress for want of necessary 
supplies, and the whole colony, utterly disheartened at the late 
pretended contract, required him to crave His Majesty's assistance. 
Prays that he may be commanded to attend the Privy Council, to 
declare the true state of the colony, that orders may be taken for it's 
present and future subsistence. 



Oct. ? 47. Divers heads, wherein the Privy Council are to be moved [by 

Sir Geo. Yeardley] concerning Virginia. Present supply and relief 
of the colony with munition, apparel, tools, and other provisions. 
A new patent, securing the estates of the inhabitants, confirmed by 
Parliament. None of those complained against, nor any factious 
persons, to have hand in the government. No contracts to be forced 
upon the people, who should have liberty to make the best of their 
labour. The importation of tobacco, except from Virginia and the 
Somers Islands, to be prohibited, until some staple commodities are 
brought to perfection. Great numbers of people to be sent over, and 
those of worth encouraged to go. Liberty of General Assemblies to 
be confirmed, and the people to have voice in the election of 
officers. Staple commodities to be free of custom for a certain time, 
and trade free in all things. Defence and discovery of the country 
at the public charge. Until a charter can be drawn, the old planters 
to be encouraged, by the King, to remain in the colon} 7 ". Declarations 
brought over [by Yeardley] will further exhibit the mind of the 
colony. Suggests that the Governor be encouraged to stay. Very 
great unity prevails. The people, disheartened at Sir Thos. 
Smythe being in the new commission, and justly fearing to fall into 
former miseries, resolve to seek the farthest part of the world rather 
than endure it. Importance of the work, and advantage to the 
King's dominions. The first supply should be sent away with all 
speed, to prevent the people perishing either by the savages, or the 
severity of the winter; the supply of soldiers should arrive in 
Virginia before the end of March. 

Oct. 19. 48. Mayor and Aldermen of Southampton to the Privy Council. 
Southampton. Their Lordships letters for setting forth a vessel of great burden for 
relief of Virginia have been received. Are informed that a ship of 
120 tons, Capt. Whitaker, with Grindall, and one Coe, master, is now 
setting forth from London for that colony, and that Abrah. Jennens 
is doing the like at Plymouth, besides another undertaken by 
Mr. Pescod and company. Pray that they may be spared, or 
receive jointly in adventure with Mr. Pescod in two ships, either 
for profit or loss. 

1625 ? Petition of Sir William Courteen to the King. The lands in the 

south part of the world, called Terra Australis Incognita, are not yet 
traded to by the King's subjects. Prays for a grant of all such 
lands, with power to discover the same and plant colonies therein. 
[DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /., Vol. XIV., No. 33, Cal.p. 206.] 


VOL. IV. 16261628. 


Jan. 3. 1. Governor Sir Fras. Wyatt and Council of Virginia to the Lords 
Commissioners for the affairs of Virginia. The Flying Hart, of 
Flushing, set out by Arthur Swaine and Will. Constable, adventurers 
of the Company, arrived on 15th December last, without a com- 
mission, but, because of the extreme wants of the colony, the usual 
privileges were conceded. Above half the passengers, servants to 
planters, without provisions ; better care should be had not only of 
new comers, but even of planters, that they arrive well provided. Con- 
gratulations on the accession of King Charles. Remonstrate against 
the defenceless state of the colony, the powder and munition not 
sufficient for their domestic enemies. Request directions how to 
dispose of a Spanish frigate and Portuguese pilot taken in the West 
Indies by Capt. Jones, since deceased, by commission from the 
United Provinces to Capt. Powell. Inclose proclamation which they 
have been constrained to revive. Describe the desperate condition 
of their trade, " 2,000. adventure will exhaust all the tobacco of one 
crop/' The Governor has long expected a successor ; private affairs 
compel him not to put off any longer his return to England, which 
some of the Council purpose also. [Copy. Signed by the Governor 
and Jive of the Council.] Inclose, 

1. i. Proclamation by the Governor and Council of Virginia, 

renewing a former proclamation of 31 August 1623, 
for restraining the excessive rates of commodities. 1625, 
Dec. 31. James City. [Copy. Signed as above.'] 

Jan. 4. 2. Petition of the Somers Islands Company to Buckingham. That 
their ship the Victory, Wil. Kempthorne master, ready to go to 
those islands, with supplies for the present necessity of the people, 
and their defence may not be hindered or impressed for any other 
service. Annexed, 

2. I. Names of thirty-one men belonging to the Victory, bound 

to the Somers Islands. 

March 4. Commission appointing Sir George Yeardley Governor of Virginia, 
Westminster, to execute the same as fully as any Governor resident there within 
the space of five years last past ; Francis West, John Harvey, George 
Sandys, John Pott, Roger Smith, Ralph Hamor, Sam. Mathews, 
Abrah. Piersey, Wil. Claybourne, Wil. Tucker, Job Whitaker, Edw. 
Blandy, and Wil. Ferrar the Council ; and Wil. Claybourne, Sec- 
retary of State in the Colony. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., 
pp. 248-256.] 
[March 4.] Minute of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

March ? 3. Summary relation by Capt. [Roger] North ; concerning the patent 
for the River Amazon and the country and coast adjoining. In- 
formed King James, by petition, some^five years since of His Majesty's 
right to those parts, who after full deliberation granted a patent 
with great immunities to such as should engage therein, and several 
orders were issued by the Privy Council for the King's special service. 




March 16. 


The nobility and gentry went into the business with great affection, 
a ship and pinnace were got ready, but the Spanish agents pro- 
cured a command from the King that Capt. North should suspend 
his voyage till further order. Gondomar spared no efforts to put a 
stop to the undertaking, affirming at the Council table that his 
master had actual possession of those countries ; but through the 
Duke of Richmond's assurances, and receiving letters %< that the 
world expected he should go without bidding," the Company at Ply- 
mouth being ready to disperse, North put to sea. Gondomar, 
hearing that he had sailed, would not be pacified until a proclamation 
was issued for his return [see ante, 1 5 May 1620, p. 23], but could not 
obtain possession of the goods by any law. The business was not 
disclaimed but only suspended. [Capt. North returned in Dec. 1620, 
" well fraught" having heard nothing of the proclamation against 
him, but was committed to the Tower, 1621, Jan. 7, though he had 
great partners in his adventure and declared he had done nothing to 
offend the Spaniards. He was liberated in July 1621, and the fol- 
lowing month obtained restoration of his goods, sequestered by the 
Spanish Ambassador's means. See DOMESTIC Corresp. Jac. I., Vols. 
GXVIII., No. 54, CIX., No. 10, CXXIL, Nos. 31, 88.] 

4. Brief notes of the business of the Amazon [by Capt. Roger 
North ?] for the Duke of Buckingham. The river judged to be 
the fairest in the world, the greater part never passed by any 
Christian, nor the continent adjoining discovered. Conveniently 
situated. . Commonly seven weeks' passage from Plymouth. Climate 
of the country already discovered excellent ; inhabited by many 
nations of different languages, who would rather admit any Chris- 
tians than Spaniards or Portuguese. Produce and profits from 
commodities. " I left there" 100 gentlemen and others six years 
ago ; many still remain dispersed among the Indians, although sup- 
plies from England have been stopped. They are without govern- 
ment, speak the languages of several nations and may make use 
of thousands of Indians, who are rewarded with glass beads, iron- 
work, " or such like contemptible stuff" for housing and working for 
them. The Indians supplied by the Dutch. The English with- 
stood a great attempt of the Portuguese, wrought by Gondomar, to 
supplant them, about four years since. The course at present in- 
tended is, by the King's favour, to have the patent, formerly sus- 
pended, renewed, whereby the adventurers will be incorporated into 
a company, which, when effected, " this great business" will be per- 
petuated without any charge to His Majesty. 

5. Brief Notes of the River Amazon and of the Coast of Guiana, 
contained in the new grant from the King unto a corporation. 
Similar in substance to the preceding, with the exception of the 
concluding paragraph. That the surest means of interesting the 
King and his subjects in the West Indies is to settle in those and 
such like parts. Advantages of so doing. Printed. 

March ? 6, 7. Two copies of the preceding. Printed. 

March ? 



March ? 

April 3. 

April 6. 
James City. 

April 19. 


8. [The King to Attorney General Heath.] Roger North and 
Robert Harcourt having discovered means to take journies into the 
River Amazon, the Attorney General is to prepare a bill for the 
King's signature, containing a grant of incorporation to them and 
others to be joined with them, w-ith all customary privileges for 
sending ships, men, ammunition, armour, and other things thither. 
The limits within which they are to have their plantation and 
traffic are set forth. 

Preamble for the subscriptions for the formation of a company of 
adventurers to the River Amazon. Upon the suit of Roger North, 
the King has directed the Attorney General to prepare a bill for His 
Majesty's signature, containing a grant of incorporation to him, 
Robt. Harcourt, and others, to be joined with them, and such 
extent of lands and other privileges as are contained in two grants 
of 28 Aug. 1613, and 1 Sept. 1619. Conditions upon which ad- 
venturers are required to under-write. Printed. [DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Car. L, Vol. XXIV., No. 20, Gal p. 302.] 

9. Governor Sir Francis Wyatt and Council of Virginia to the Privy 
Council. The Virgin, of Southampton, with letters of 24 October, 
and supplies, "though not answerable to our great wants," has 
arrived. Must ever acknowledge the remission of the imposition 
upon tobacco as a singular favour from the King. Humbly desire 
that it may be well performed, and that the affairs of the colony, as 
well for government as other ways, may be settled. The King's 
assurance that every man shall have his particular right preserved 
and enlarged, will be the means of inviting many to settle who 
hitherto " have only endeavoured a present crop and their hasty 
return." Beg that the importation and sale of all tobacco, except 
from Virginia, may continue to be prohibited, and point out how 
prejudicial to them are those petty English plantations in the savage 
islands in the West Indies, by reason of the quantities of Spanish 
tobacco they export. The important works of suppressing the 
Indians, discoveries by sea and land, and fortifications, to be 
effectually performed, will require 500 soldiers sent over annually, 
with a full year's provision of victuals, arms, munition, tools, and 
all necessaries. Doubt not but Sir Geo. Yeardley has given full 
information of everything necessary relating to the colony. The 
King's commands that judgments, decrees, and important actions be 
determined by a majority of the Council, and that every act of 
Government be in His Majesty's name, will they " doubt not 
receive the due perfection." Have always forborne to choose officers 
except during His Majesty's pleasure only. [Signed by the Governor 
and Jive of the Council] 

Instructions for Sir George Yeardley, Governor of Virginia. He 
is directed to send by the first ship a particular account of the colony, 
the number of plantations, inhabitants, &c. To inquire what pro- 
perty belonged to the late Company in November 1623, how it has 
beeu disposed of, and what remains to be reserved to the public use. 



All new comers to be well entertained, and to enjoy certain 
privileges. Merchants not to be constrained to take tobacco at 
3s. per Ib. for their wares. To certify whether the charter parties 
perform their contracts. To look after the passengers on board his 
ship the Anne, upon which he is to embark, and also the James, his 
consort. Not to allow any person to go aboard a ship arriving in the 
colony without express warrant, " in regard you may daily expect 
the coming of a foreign enemy/' To take steps to avoid that intole- 
rable abuse of engrossing commodities and forestalling the market. 
To suppress drunkenness. Cause the people to apply themselves to 
raising more staple commodities than tobacco, and to plant corn. 
Strictly to forbid any of the planters from receiving Indians into 
their houses, without special licence, " to avoid the treachery of the 
savages and prevent such dangers as heretofore have fallen," and to 
make choice of persons to fill the vacant seats in the Council. 
[Colonial Entry JBk., Vol. LXXIX, pp. 257-264.] 

May 3. Petition of Ralph Merrifield to the Privy Council. Having set forth 
two ships under the command of Capts. Warner and Smith to the 
new plantation [St. Christopher] in the Caribbee Islands, on their 
passage to the Downs they made prize of a small vessel of Dunkirk, 
which being a good sailer, they intended to take with them, but 
Sir Hen. Palmer required Capt. Warner to clear her in the 
Admiralty. Prays that she may go the voyage, and that Warner 
may answer for her on his return. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I., 
Vol. XXVI., No. 36, Gal p. 328.] On the same day there was an 
Order in Council for the restoration of the above to Capts. Warner 
and Smith. [Ibid, No. 28, Gal. p. 327.] 

May 17. 10. Governor Sir Francis Wyatt and Council of Virginia to the 
James City. Privy Council. Inclose a particular of all the lands granted by 
patent or otherwise. Besides those unable to plant their land, 
many are either dead or gone for England ; suggest that all should 
be compelled either to manure or forfeit their lands. The reserva- 
tion of a penny an acre upon patents would prevent the excessive 
engrossing of land. Reasons of " the slow proceeding of the growth 
of the plantation/' chiefly through the government being divided 
between England and Virginia. Advise, as commanded, upon the 
most direct ways for settling a firm plantation. Dangers of being 
seated in small bodies ; proposals to secure the forest by running a 
palisade from Martin's Hundred to Kiskyack about six miles, and 
to build houses therein at convenient distances ; by which means 
they will gain, free from the savages, a rich circuit of ground little 
less than 300,000 acres ; 1,200Z. in ready money will be required for 
the work, and 100?. a year to maintain it. Have reduced the 
agreement to a certainty, which they inclose ; desire answer by the 
next shipping. Forts and fortified towns must also be built, for which 
purpose 200 men at least with commanders and engineers of skill 
will be necessary. Not less than two hundred soldiers, well furnished, 
required to go against the Indians. Such means will enable them to 
undertake discoveries by land, " both for the riches of the mountains 


1626. VoL ' IV - 

and probabilities of finding the passage to the South Sea," and 
will encourage " voluntaries to people the country/' Staple com- 
modities will be raised. The price of tobacco, must, in the mean- 
time be upheld, and all other but their own and the Somers Islands' 
prohibited. A constant magazine should be furnished yearly with 
such commodities as they may advertise. Nothing has hindered the 
progress of the arts, manual trades, and staple commodities, more 
than want of money amongst them ; tobacco is their currency and 
they do not have it all the year round to pay workmen. So great 
a work, computed at not less than 20,000. a year, requires a suffi- 
cient public stock, a great proportion of which should be wholly at the 
disposal of the Governor, Council, and Assembly. The Governor, 
Council and other officers must be maintained by it ; the forest won 
and stocked with cattle ; fortifications raised ; a running army main- 
tained ; and discoveries made by sea and land. Sir Francis Wyatt, 
who goes over by these ships, will clear any objections to these 
opinions. [Signed by Sir F. Wyatt and five of the Council. Sec. 
Coke has written a pre'cis of this letter on the outer side, and added 
" referred for more particulars to Sir Fr. Wyatt ; answer to be 
directed by the Lords."] Inclose, 

10. i. Note of all lands granted in Virginia, by patent or other- 
wise, whether to societies or private persons, with names 
and number of acres granted. 

10. ii. Proposition concerning the winning of the forest, signed 
by Sam. Mathews and Will. Claybourne, who are willing 
to undertake the same, upon certain conditions therein 

May 17. 11. Copy of the preceding letter and inclosure No. 1. 
James City. 

[July 21.] 12. Petition of Thos. Powell, on behalf of himself and his poor 
distressed brothers and sisters, to the Privy Council. Prays for an 
order to the Governor and Council of Virginia for recovery of the 
estate of their deceased brother Capt. Nath. Powell, which has come 
into the hands of Mr. Blany who married the relict of Will. Powell, 
but is in no way of kin to them. 

July? 13. Petition of Capt. John Preen, of London, merchant, to the 

Privy Council. The plantation of Virginia being for the present 
merely supported by private adventurers, the petitioner is now bound 
thither in person in the Peter and John of 220 tons and 18 pieces of 
ordnance, with people, arms, munition, apparel, tools, victuals, and 
other necessaries. Prays for a warrant to protect himself, his people, 
and ship, &c. from being employed in any other service. Annexed, 

13. I. Examinations of Capt. Preen, Thos. Willoughby a 
passenger, and John Pollington, that the only intent of 
their voyage to Virginia is to carry passengers and 
goods thither. 1626, July 6. 





Sept. ? 

Sept. 15. 

Sept. 15. 

Oct. 17. 

Nov. 10. 



14. Petition of John Preen, Capt. of the Peter and John, bound 
for Virginia, to the Privy Council. Has lately been commissioned 
to carry letters of importance from their Lordships to the Governor 
of Virginia ; ten ban-els of powder for defence of the planta- 
tion ; 110 passengers and provisions for the planters. Prays to be 
allowed to purchase 15 barrels of powder out of the King's store 
for defence of his ship. 

15. "Warrant to deliver to Capt. Preen, carrying directions and 
provisions for Virginia, fifteen barrels of powder out of the King's 
store, without which he cannot safely prosecute his intended 
voyage, upon paying ready money for the same. [Copy.} 

Sir Thos. Love to Nicholas. Sends names of the captains and 
company of the Fortune, of London, bound for the West Indies, 
and victualled for 15 months for 65 men. [DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Car. I., Vol. XXXV., No. 86, Gal. p. 428.] 

Warrant for furnishing and delivering the St. Anne, a prize ship, 
to the Company of Adventurers for Guinea and Benin [Bynney], by 
way of adventure for 12 months. [Docquet. DOMESTIC Car. J.] 

16. Sir Rich. Whitboume to the Duke of Buckingham. A traveller 
and adventurer into foreign countries at 15 years of age, he was 
captain of a good ship of his own in 1588, and rendered good 
service. Has been often greatly wronged by pirates in Newfound- 
land, where he was subsequently employed, by commission, for the 
reformation of abuses yearly committed there, and other special 
affairs on that coast. Wrote a large discourse thereon, which was 
presented to King James, and ordered to be printed and distributed 
in every parish throughout England, to show the benefit of settling 
a plantation there. Has been twice to that country, with com- 
missions, to help advance a plantation, undertaken by Lord Falkland. 
Incloses certificate of his good services and losses. His great 
charges in bringing over one Thos. Robinson, of Norfolk, from a 
monastery in Lisbon, who was afterwards employed by the King's 
orders to find out treacherous people, who had come from Spain 
to do the State mischief. Sets forth, at great length, the various 
employments he is fitted for, particularly as relating to the security 
of the hopeful plantation of Newfoundland, which he declares may 
prosper much better than any other in those western parts of the 
world. Is ready to discover such naval stratagems to be employed 
against the enemy "as he took good notice of in the year 1588." 
Relies upon the Duke's right noble favours. Annexed, 

16. I. Certificate signed by Sir Edw. Seymour, John Drake, and 
eight others. That Capt. Rich. Whitbourne had often 
made voyages to Newfoundland, wherein he gained 
great experience, 'as appears by his " large discourse," 




Feb. 16. 

Feb. 17. 



and was employed by several commissions to his great 
charges, intending to settle himself, and many other 
families upon that island. That he is a good subject and 
has sustained great losses at sea. [Copy.] 

Petition of Roger North to the King. Being engaged in the 
work of enlarging the King's dominions by plantations on the Rive 
Amazon and the country of Guiana, prays for one or two prize ships 
fit for that employment. This petition was referred to the Duke of 
Buckingham to take such order as he should deem good, and Nicholas, 
his Secretary, has added " one of 200 and a pink of 50, or two of 
300 tons between them." [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I., Vol. LIV., 
No. 18, Gal. p. 57.] 

Proclamation touching tobacco. Confirming previous proclama- 
tions of 29 Sept. 1624, and 2 March 1625, prohibiting the importa- 
tion and use of all tobacco not of the growth of Virginia and the 
Somers Islands, but because of the immoderate desire of taking 
tobacco which ' ' prevailed throughout the kingdom, and the differ- 
ence, or at least the opinion of difference " between Spanish or 
foreign tobacco and that of the plantations of Virginia, allowing the 
importation of 50,000 weight per annum of the former to the King's 
" own particular use." [Proclamations, Car. I., No. 61.] 

March 3 ? 17. Warrant for the Earl of Carlisle or his assigns, and the owners 
of all tobacco brought from St. Christopher's, to have the sole profit 
thereof towards their charges and adventure. [Draft, mutilated.] 

March? 18. Abstract of the suit of Ralph Merrifield. The first planter 
in the Island of St- Christopher, he made a voyage thither last 
summer [see 1626, May 3], for better settling the plantation and 
publication of the Earl of Carlisle's grant. Has brought from thence 
10,000 weight of tobacco in reliance upon an exemption from customs 
for ten years contained in that grant. Prays for leave to sell it, not- 
withstanding a proclamation restraining the sale to Commissioners, 
who are not yet named. 

April 7. 19. George Lord Baltimore to Edw. Nicholas, Sec. to the Duke of 

FrommylodgingBuckingham. Begs his furtherance in the speedy dispatch of the 

in the Savoy. warrant for his ships> the Ark o f Avalon, 160 tons, and the George 

of Plymouth, 140 tons, to be exempted from the general stay ; Sir 
Arthur Aston waiting to sail for Lord Baltimore's "young plantation/' 

April 7. 20. Answer of the planters and adventurers of Virginia and the 
Somers Islands. Being called together at Sir John Wolstenholme's 
house, where, by order of the Privy Council, was declared the quan- 
tity of tobacco that they should bring into England and the price 
that the King will give them for it, they with one voice refused 
both propositions, the quantity and price not being sufficient to 
maintain the people in those plantations. State their reasons, sug- 
gest a remedy, and desire that the King will allow them to have 
possession of their tobacco and to dispose of it as they like. 

F 2 



April 8. 

James City. 

April ? 

April 9. 

May 3. 


May 19. 

May 19. 


21. Governor Sir Geo. Yeardley to the Privy Council. The people, 
understanding of a contract for tobacco to be made with Mr. Anis, 
cry out and complain extremely, hating all contracts. Has spoken 
the best he can to all [his Council] not letting them know of any 
letter he has received from their Lordships. Will use his utmost 
endeavours to do the King and Privy Council the best service. 
Suggests that the contract should be for 300,0001b. weight of tobacco 
yearly, and argues against it being made up in rolls. 

22. Governor Sir Geo. Yeardley and Council of Virginia to the 
Privy Council. Their letters, by Capt. Preen, have been received 
prohibiting the transportation of any of their tobacco to the Low 
Countries in future. Explain why the Flying Hart of Flushing was 
allowed to trade in the colony last year ; and that they were 
ignorant of the order to send all their tobacco to England. Desire that 
Sir Thos. Merry will rest satisfied with their proceedings touching 
John Puntis' estate. The report of Mr. Anis' contract has deadened 
their spirits and plunged them into misery. Earnestly intreat that 
free trade and the benefit of the sole importation of tobacco, here- 
tofore promised, may be continued and confirmed ; and that above 
all Spanish tobacco may be utterly excluded. Beseech their Lord- 
ships " not to let them fall into the hands of avaricious and cruel 
men, whose exorbitant and wide consciences project and digest the 
ruin of this plantation, for profit and gain to themselves." Signed 
by Sir Geo. Yeardley, Fras. West, John Pott, Roger Smyth, Sam. 
Mathews, Will. Claybourne, Will. Tucker, and Will. Ferrar. 

Sir William Alexander to Nicholas. Solicits the release of the 
Morning Star, Andrew Baxter master, tied in consort to attend a 
ship of Sir William's in her intended voyage towards Nova Scotia 
" to do His Majesty service." Her stay in Dover Road will be the 
overthrow of this voyage. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I., Vol. LIX., 
No. 87., Cal.p. 132.] 

23. -Grant to Sir Will. Alexander. His patent of 12 July 1625 
for all the lands and dominions of Nova Scotia is recited, and 
Admiralty jurisdiction of those parts granted to him and his heirs, 
with power to seize vessels belonging to the King of Spain, the 
Infanta Isabella, or others, His Majesty's enemies. Latin. [Copy.} 

Grant to Geo. Duke of Buckingham, Will. Earl of Pembroke, and 
others, of incorporation by the name of the Governor and Company 
of Noblemen and Gentlemen of England for the Plantation of 
Guiana. [This grant passed the Great Seal on 2 June following. 
Minute. DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /., 1626, Appendix.] 

Minute of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

24. Petition of John Preen, capt. of the Samuel, of 210 tons 
and 1 6 pieces of ordnance, and of a pinnace of 100 tons and 8 pieces of 
ordnance, to the Privy Council. Is about to transport people and 
provisions to Virginia. Prays to be allowed to purchase 15 barrels 


1627. VoL - IV ' 

of powder out of the King's store, for ready money, as he did by 
warrant in September last. [See 1626. Sept. 15. On 28 May 1627, 
a warrant for letters of marque was issued for the Samuel. See 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. L, VoL GXV., p. 81, Gal. p. 297.] 

May ? 25. Petition of John Preen, capt. of the Samuel of Newcastle, 

and of a pinnace, the Endeavour of London, to the Privy Council. 
Is about to transport both people and provisions for the strengthen- 
ing of Virginia. Prays for a commission for government of the 
passengers and crew during the voyage, similar to that granted to 
him by their Lordships about a twelvemonth ago. 

June 18. Account of ordnance and ammunition delivered to the Earl of 
Carlisle by the King's warrant of 2-4 May 1627, for a fort in St. 
Christopher. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car I., 1633, August.} 

[June 20.] 26. Petition of Capt. Thos. Combe, of Southampton, merchant, 
to the Duke of Buckingham. One of the chief for the mainten- 
ance of the plantation of St. Christopher's, he has by commission of 
the Earl of Carlisle, " chief Governor of those West India Islands/' 
for the third time, freighted a ship with supplies for that island. 
Prays for a warrant for the quiet and peaceable enjoying of his sea- 
faring men appointed for the voyage. Endorsed by Nicholas, " R d ., 
21 June 1627." 

June 20. 27. Copy of the above. 

June 20. 28. Brief relation of the present state of the business of Guiana. 
The King's letters patent erected the adventurers into a corporation, 
the Duke of Buckingham, Governor, with 55 other noblemen and 
gentlemen, the Company. They have subscribed some 150., some 
100Z., and some 50. a-piece. Guiana, and " the royal river of 
Amazon," contained in the grant. General Courts to be held four 
times in the year. Ordinary Courts and the election of officers to be 
agreed upon. On 8 June, Capt. Roger North, brother to Lord 
North, was constituted Deputy Governor. Sir Henry Spilman, 
Treasurer, and other officers subsequently chosen. All that come in 
before the next General Court to be charged no more than the 
patentees themselves. This paper printed to give the adven- 
turers who were absent notice of these proceedings ; they are 
desired to bring in those willing to join the Company. Printed. 

June 20. 29. Copy of the preceding. To the privileges and immunities 
granted in the letters patent, there is this MS. addition, and a 
clause of confirmation upon passing in Parliament. Printed. 

July 2. Grant to James Earl of Carlisle, entitled " the first grant of" the fol- 
lowing islands called " the Caribbees," viz., St. Christopher's, Grenada, 
St. Vincent, St. Lucia, Barbadoes, Mittalanea, Dominico, Mariga- 
lante, Deseada, Todosantes, Guadaloupe, Antigua, Montserrat, 
Redendo, Barbuda, Nevis, Statia [St. Eustache?], St. Bartholomew, 
St. Martin, Anguilla, Sembrera, Enegada, and other islands, before 
found out to his great cost, and brought to be a large and copious 



colony of English,to be hereafter named " the Carlisle or the islands 
of Carlisle province," reserving a yearly rent of 100?., and a white 
horse when the King, his heirs and successors, shall come into those 
parts. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. V., pp. 1-12.] 

July 2. 30. Abstract of the above grant. 

July 2. 31. Copy of the preceding. Endorsed by Sir Jos. Williamson. 

July 2. Minute of the preceding. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

July 2. Commission to Jas. Earl of Carlisle to be Governor of the Carribee 
Islands, to him and his heirs, "under the annual pension of 100?." 
[Minute. Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

Aug. 9. Proclamation for the ordering of tobacco. The growth of tobacco 
in England is strictly prohibited, as well as the importation of any 
Spanish or foreign without the King's special commission. No 
tobacco of the growth of Virginia, the Somers Islands, or any other 
English colony to be imported without licence under the Great 
Seal, and when imported, to be sold to the King's Commissioners, for 
His Majesty's own immediate use, from whom only it may be bought. 
[Proclamations, Car. I., No. 68.] 

Nov. 2. William Payne to Katherine Lady Con way. Wishes that Lord 
Con way, or some of his, would come in for a proportion in the lot of 
St. John's at Newfoundland, well known to be the chief and prime 
lot in the whole country. Great hopes of good commodities from 
thence ; some houses having been already built, it will require no 
great charge to follow. Advises Lord Con way to address a letter to 
John Slaney, the Governor. Lord Baltimore on his return may get 
some proportion in that lot. [Extract from, DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Car L, Vol. LXXXIV., No. 13, Gal. p. 421.] 

Nov. ? 32. The King to the Governor and Council of Virginia. His 

Majesty is much troubled how little account can be given of any 
substantial commodity from the colony, and how truly it may be 
said " that this plantation is wholly built upon smoke, tobacco being 
the only means it hath produced." They are, therefore, not only 
recommended but commanded to take especial care in the making of 
pitch, tar, pipe staves, soap-ashes and potashes, iron and bay salt ; to 
search for rich mines and to plant vines. The bearer, William 
Capps, is appointed to confer with them thereon. [Certified 

Nov. ? 33. Attorney General Heath to Governor Sir Geo Yeardley and 
the Council and Burgesses of Virginia. Sends, by the King's further 
directions, instructions concerning their tobacco and the raising of 
staple commodities in the colony. [Certified copy.] 

Dec. 20. 34). Governor Francis West and the Council of Virginia to the 

fv?r S iSa y i Privy CounciL Certify the death of Gov. Sir Geo. Yeardley and 

irgmia.j ne e j ec ^j on o f Q a p^ ]? raSp West to succeed him in the government. 

The public charges in time of War cannot be defrayed without the 


1627. VOL> IV ' 

colony is relieved with greater supplies. Desire a favourable con- 
struction may be put upon their superintendence over the affairs of 
the colony, which is beset with difficulties, and that soldiers and 
ammunition may be sent over to act against the savages. Return 
thanks for the King's inclination to their petitions against the 
contract for tobacco last year, and intreat that no contract or 
monopoly may be granted without their consent. Signed by Fras. 
West, John Pott, Roger Smyth, Sam. Mathews, Will. Claybourne, 
and Will. Tucker. 

1 627 ? 35. Petition of Marmaduke Rayner to the Privy Council. Has lately 
arrived from Virginia in command of the Temperance, from which 
the owner, Wil. Saker, has violently thrust him out, detaining 
not only the passengers and goods, but also letters from the 
Council of Virginia to their Lordships. Prays for authority to 
return on board the ship, that he may deliver to every man his own 
goods and letters, and that the freight may remain in the hands of 
the customer of Southampton. 

1627? 36. Petition of Sam. Sharpe to Jas. Earl of Marlborough, Lord 

Treasurer. Has newly arrived from Virginia, with twelve others, 
in the Temperance, and they are desirous to send supplies in two 
ships, now bound thither. Prays that order may be given to 
Capt. Will. Saker, owner of the said ship, to deliver their tobacco to 
the King's customer at Southampton until they have paid custom 
and freight thereon. 

1 627 ? 37. Discourse upon the advantages of planting colonies, in which 
arguments are addressed to those who condemn them as unjust, or 
despise them as unprofitable. Choice of climate ; cultivation of the 
soil ; treatment of the savages ; and the work that should be under- 
taken by the colonists. Towards the south of the upper end of the 
river of Virginia, a country will be found proper to extend English 
plantations. This discourse, it is added, should be printed " with 
the petition " [wanting], and pass openly among the people before 
the gathering of " this alms/' to dispose them to be liberal in a work 
of such sovereign importance. Before the petition is granted, it is 
very necessary to keep " his design " secret, which is referred in 
trust to " his Lordship." 
Feb. 11. Grant for a general and free contribution for the maintenance of 


the plantation in New England, to be paid to Captain Christopher 
Levett, appointed Governor. [Sign Manual, Car. I., Vol. V., 
No. 1.] 

[Feb. 11.] 38. Mem. that a general contribution was levied for the relief of 
Virginia and paid to Levett, who was designed Governor. [Minute.'] 

Feb. 20 ? Grant to Philip Earl of Montgomery, Lord Chamberlain, of certain 

Westminster, islands between 8 and 13 degrees of north latitude called " Trinidado, 

Tabago, Barbudos [Barbuda] and Fonseca " with the islets belonging 

to them within 10 leagues of their shores, and all customary royal- 




Feb. 25. 

Feb. 25. 
Feb. 27. 

James City. 


ties and immunities, reserving a rent of a wedge of gold of a pound 
weight, when the King, his heirs or successors, shall come into those 
parts. Latin. [Sign Manual, Car. I., Vol. V., No. 22. See also 
Docquet 1628, Feb. 19, DOMESTIC Car. I.] 

39. Abstract of Patent to Philip Earl of Montgomery containing 
a grant as above, he having acquired those islands at great expense 
with the good intention to transport thither a colony of English. 

Minutes of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9, and 
1628, Feb. 11.] 

40. Governor Francis "West and the Council of Virginia to Attorney 
General Heath. Account of their action in reference to the instruc- 
tions contained in the King's and his own letters received but five 
days since [see ante p. 86, Nos. 32, 33], concerning the exportation of 
their tobacco. Implore His Majesty to admit of a quantity sufficient 
to enable them to sustain themselves, seeing the colony has lately 
increased 1,000 persons, and that *' the abundance of wars " has 
added to the sufferings of the planters. Will write by Capt. Preen 
on the rest of those things contained in his letter. Wish to testify 
that they want the means and not the will to raise staple com- 
modities, the charges of which should " rather be supported by a 
royal hand sustaining us than by the weak and poor estate of the 
planters." [Certified copy.] 

41. Governor Francis West and Council of Virginia to the Privy 
Council. In answer to the petition of Geo. Sandys, who com- 
plains of wrongs and defraudings in that four tenants were taken 
from him ; that in 1623 Sandys took to himself sixteen tenants 
without any order from the Virginia Company, but was not justified in 
holding the others nor in making those free in whose service he had 
no interest. [Signed by Fras. West and five of the Council. Endorsed, 
"Rec. July 1628."] 

[March 19.] 42. Recital of King James' grant of New England, dated Nov. 3, 
1620, to the Council established at Plymouth, and of their deed of 
19th March 1628, bargaining and selling all their jurisdictions, 
rights, and privileges to the Massachusetts Bay, " containing the 
bounds of the Massachuetts patent, wherein is Boston in New 
England/' [See 27 Feb. 1629, p. 96.] 

[March 19.] 43. Another copy of the preceding. 

[March 19.] Minute of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1620, Nov. 3.] 

March 22. Commission appointing John Harvey, Governor of Virginia ; to 
execute the same as fully as any Governor resident there within the 
space of three years last past ; Francis West, George Sandys, John 
Pott, Roger Smyth, Ralph Hamor, Samuel Mathews, Abraham 
Peirsey, Will. Claybourne, Will. Tucker, Jabez Whitacres, Edward 
Blany, and Will. Ferrar, the Council, and Wil. Claybourne, 

Mar. 4. 

James City. 



Secretary of State in the colony ; being the renewal of a former com- 
mission, with the substitution of John Harvey in the place of Sir 
Geo. Yeardley deceased. [Sign Manual, Car. I., Vol. VI., No. 66.] 

March 22. Docquet of the above. [DOMESTIC Car. I.] 

March [22.] Minutes of the above [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9, and DOMES- 
TIC Corresp. Car. I., 1626, Appendix, both dated 26 March 1628.] 

[March 26.] 44. Petition of the Governor, Council, and Burgesses of Virginia 
to the King. Have returned answer according to His Majesty's 
commands, that they are willing to accept for their tobacco delivered 
in the colony 3s. 6d., or 4s. in England. Desire that 500,000 weight 
may be taken yearly, and if that is too much, that they may export 
it into other parts, the customs being first paid. Implore the 
King to commiserate their poor estate, having for six years groaned 
under the oppression of unconscionable and cruel merchants, by the 
excessive rates of their commodities, and hope that through His 
Majesty's favour they may recover new life, and be enabled to raise 
those staple commodities proper for that plantation. [Certified 

March 26. 45. Answer of the Governor, Council, and Burgesses of Virginia, 
to the King's letters, concerning tobacco and other commodities. 
Evil effects of former contracts; the very name a terror and dis- 
couragement to the colony, which has for six years past " laboured in 
the confused paths of those labyrinths." Gratitude for dissolving 
those contracts, and particularly for the prohibition of Spanish 
tobacco. A sure dependence on England is the firm foundation for 
the perpetual subsistence of the colony. Flourishing state of 
Virginia since the revocation of the patent. Consent to the 
King having all their tobacco at 3s. Gd. per Ib. clear, so that he take 
yearly 500,000 weight for seven years, and they have liberty to 
export from England all over that quantity, after paying customs. 
Desire Spanish tobacco may be utterly prohibited. Regulations for 
planting, gathering, curing, and trying tobacco. In succeeding years 
the quantity planted will be moderated, tobacco being at present 
their only means of subsistence. As the colony numbers nearly 
3,000 persons, every master of a family raising 200 Ib. of tobacco, 
and every servant 125 Ib., would amount to 412,500 Ib. ; a 
quantity not sufficient for their maintenance. Conditions of pay- 
ment. Materials in plenty for making pitch and tar. No man now 
in the country able to make potashes. Many hundred casks of their 
timber now exported from all parts of the country. Iron from the 
mine has been sent home. Men and materials destroyed by the 
Indians at the massacre now required. Great hopes of gold, silver, 
and copper mines. Some of them, 19 years ago, received ''certain 
assurance " of a silver mine, four days' journey above the falls of the 
river. Planting of vines likely to be a beneficial and profitable 
commodity ; the vineroons .formerly sent over have purposely 
neglected or concealed their skill ; the colony would be glad to 




defray the charges of skilful men for that employment. Will assist 
[Wil.] Capps in his experiments for bay salt. Hope the fishing 
upon their coasts will be nearly as good as that of Canada. 
[Seven closely written pages, Certified copy.] 

[March 26.] 46. Petition of the Governor, Council, and Burgesses of Virginia 
to the Privy Council. Have, by their general declarations, answered 
the King's letters concerning the commodity of tobacco to be to his 
own immediate use, and requiring them to contract for it according 
to the price and conditions therein mentioned, and have complained 
of the sinister projects of unconscionable men, through whose 
contracts they have so long suffered. The colony has been greatly 
prejiidiced by a general fear and discouragement to settle their 
estates, or raise any staple commodities. Return thanks for the dis 
annulling of such contracts, and conceiving that the languishing 
colony may at length receive new life, through the King having 
taken their affairs " into his more near regard and princely care," 
they implore the continuance of their Lordships' favour and media- 
tion with His Majesty, that their relations may rather obtain 
credit than the information of men, who only respect their private 
ends and inordinate gain, and that the King's royal intentions 
towards them may be confirmed by the consummation of this great 

March SO. 47. Governor Francis West and Council of Virginia to Lord De la 

Virginia. "Warr. The colony acknowledge his father's support, and implore his 

patronage in favour of their petitions and general declarations to 

the King, that none may contract for their goods without their 

own consent. [Certified copy.] 

March 30. 48. Governor Francis West and Council of Virginia to Earl of 

James City. Dorset. The colony is grateful for his furtherance and power, which 

tended to overthrow the late contracts for their tobacco, and desire 

his protection " against these storms/' and his good offices, with the 

King, to put an end to their long troubles. [Certified copy] 

March 30. 49. Duke of Buckingham, Earls of Pembroke, Newcastle, Dover 
and Stamford, Bishop of London, Oliver St. John, Christ Neville, 
Sir Robt. Naunton, Sir Chas. Cavendyshe, Sir R. North, John 
Mounson, Sir Hen. Myldemay, Hen. King, and Ralph Whitfield, 
undertakers for the plantation of [New England ?], to Sec. Lord 
Killutagh. Desire he will send to Sir H. Spilman, their treasurer, 
33?. 6s. 8c?., the third part of his adventure subscribed to a " public 
work " as honourable and profitable to the undertakers as it is 
meritorious to the country, so that the present voyage may not be 
prejudiced, nor the Company any whit damnified. 

March 50. Propositions for setting up iron works in Virginia. That the 

King should undertake the burden of so great a charge ; incorporate 
the undertakers by patent with fitting privileges ; allow no others to 
set up any iron work in the colony for 14 years ; and free them 
from paying any custom or other duty for iron made there and 




April 7. 

April 15. 



brought into England for a certain time. A joint stock will then 
be subscribed to perform the said work. Draft. Endorsed, " A dis- 
course about Virginia." 

Grant to James EarV of Carlisle, of the Caribbee Islands, the 
Island of St. Christopher, and divers other islands, to him and his 
heirs, together with subsidies, customs, and impositions, for 10 years. 
[Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9. See ante, 2 July 1627.] 

Sec. Conway to Earl of Totness," Master of the Ordnance. The 
Lord Chamberlain having undertaken a plantation in the West 
Indies, has moved the King to grant him 100 barrels of powder, 
either freely or upon his security for payment. The King desires 
to encourage the contemplated work, but wishes to know what has 
been usual in similar cases. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car I., Vol. CI., 
No. 11, Gal p. 75.] 


51. The Council to Earl of Totness. To deliver 100 barrels 
Whitehall, of powder out of the King's store to the Earl of Montgomery, 
for the use of the plantations undertaken by him in the West 
Indies, upon giving security for payment. [Signed by Lord 
Conway onlyJ\ 

1628 ? 52. Petition of a great company of poor adventurers and planters 

in the Somers Islands to the Privy Council. Have brought over a 
small quantity of tobacco, the fruits of their labours for 16 years, 
which is detained in the custom house, and are now anxious to 
return. Pray for the speedy delivery thereof, upon payment of 
reasonable customs. 

[June 4.] 53. Petition of the poor planters in the Somers Islands to the 
Privy Council. Have lived in the islands ever since the infancy of 
the plantation, and lately brought to England their small means 
in tobacco, which has been detained in the custom house four 
months, under an imposition of 9d. in the lb., more than the 
tobacco will yield. Are driven to the greatest extremity, some of 
them having been arrested for payment of victuals, lodgings, and 
clothes, and anxious to return very soon. Pray for relief, and " to 
have their tobacco by bills of store for this present year." Signed 
by Robert Staples, minister, and 67 others. [This petition was 
presented to Parliament on 4 June 1628; on the 16th June Mr. 
Pym reported from the Committee for the Somers Islands, arid a 
petition to the King, concerning this imposition, was ordered to be 
drawn by Sir Nath. Rich, Mr. Pym, Mr. Packer, and Mr. Holies 
[See No. 55]. On 20th it was ordered to be presented and read to 
the King by Sir R. Freeman, and on 24th June, Freeman reported 
to the House that His Majesty would take it into consideration. 
[See Commons Journal.'] 

1628 ? 54. Petition of Robert Fitt, Anne, his wife, and Alice Harris, a poor 
widow, to the Privy Council. Have been 14 years planters in 
Virginia, and lately brought over 16 hogsheads of tobacco, for 



June 18. 


which they have not the means to pay custom. Pray for a war- 
rant for the free discharge of the tobacco, to enable them and their 
families to return to their plantations. 

Names of mariners aboard the William and John, of London, 
bound for Virginia, Capt. John Harvey, who have a protection 
against impressment. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /., Vol. CVII., 
No. 75, Gal. p. 168.] 

[June 19] 55. Petition of the Commons House of Parliament to the King. 
In discharge of the trust committed to them, they beseech His Majesty 
to take into consideration the heavy pressures of the adventurers 
and planters of the Somers Islands, who, having*about fifteen years 
since, first discovered the place, obtained a patent from King James, 
with divers privileges, to encourage them to attempt the plantation 
and fortif}dng thereof, which, with much labour and hazard, they 
have at length effected. Above 2,000 people have been transported 
from hence ; many houses and churches have been built, and forts 
and castles furnished with ordnance and ammunition. For 
support of their annual expenses, those islands yield at present 
nothing of value but tobacco, which is so overcharged that great 
numbers of the planters are in danger "utterly to perish." The 
particular grievances, in which the common liberty of the subject is 
concerned, are represented to be twofold. It is contrary to law, and 
directly against an express grant in their patent, that the planters 
should be taxed more than 5 per cent, upon their goods imported, 
whereas ninepence per pound is demanded for customs upon their 
tobacco when they ought to pay but three-halfpence per pound. 
And that upon the exportation of the commodities which they 
cannot sell, they are denied a return of any part of the imposition, 
though all other merchants, " both strangers and natives," receive 
back what they have formerly paid. The King is therefore prayed 
to grant the planters of the Somers Islands such relief as is agreeable 
to his princely justice, and may encourage them and others in the 
prosecution of similar designs. [See Commons Journal. On 
19 June 1028 this petition was ordered to be engrossed.] 

June 27. Dr. James Meddus to Katharine Viscountess Conway. Has 
conferred with Mr. Paine about the Newfoundland business. Will 
part with his presidentship if John Slaney, the Governor of the 
whole land, consents. Hopes of mines of iron and silver in New- 
foundland ; present profit by fishing, furs, and sarsaparilla. [Do- 
MESTIC Corresp. Car. L, Vol. CV III., No. 37, Cal. p. 180.] 

June 30. Paine to Doctor Medouce [James Meddus]. Wishes him not to 
llighgate. speak with Lord or Lady Conway about the matter of Newfound- 
land until he has spoken to him again. Will write to the Governor 
[John Slaney] and communicate his answer to Lord Conway. 
[ Underwritten is a note respecting a silver mine discovered by one 
Phillips, " a Scotch and mineral man/' residing with Sir William 
Alexander. On 25th July Dr. Meddus writes to Lady Conway 



July 1 1. 


July 1 8. 

Aug. 25. 


Aug. 25. 



that Slaney is not unwilling to receive Lord Conway as a sharer 
in the Newfoundland business. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I., Vol. 
CVIIL, No. 61, and Vol. CXI., No. 11, Gal pp. 185. 233.] 

Warrant to abate to the adventurers to the Somers Islands, 
according to an order of the Privy Council, threepence per pound 
of the impost on certain of their tobacco long detained in the 
Custom House. [Sign Manual, Car. I , Vol. VIII., No. 33.] 

Order of the Privy Council, on petition of Geo. Rooke and his 
company, for release of the George, in which were 100 passengers 
bound for St. Christopher's and Virginia, but stayed at the Isle of 
Wight. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I., Vol. CX., No. 24, Gal p. 217.] 

56. Geo. Lord Baltimore to the King. Meets with great diffi- 
culties in the remote wild part of the world where he has planted 
himself, which cannot be overcome without His Majesty's special 
protection. The English fishing has been much disquieted by a 
French man-of-war, one Mons. De la Hade, of Dieppe, with three ships 
and 400 well-armed men. Sent two ships after them, one of 360 
tons, with 24 pieces of ordnance ; upon their approach the French 
left behind what English vessels they had taken and 67 of their 
own men prisoners. The French ships have since been driven out 
of the country. Has captured six vessels of Bayonne and one of 
St. Jean de Luz, and sent them to England. Beseeches the King's 
benign interpretation of his proceedings, and that two men-of-war 
at least may be appointed to guard that coast for his own safety and 
that of many thousands of British subjects. [On 10th April 1628, 
a ship was at Pendennis bound for Newfoundland, to carry over 
Lord Baltimore. See DOMESTIC Corresp., Vol. C., No. 80.] 

57. Geo. Lord Baltimore to the Duke of Buckingham. The 
King once told him that he wrote as fair a hand to look upon afar 
off as any man in England, but that when any one came near it 
they were not able to read a word. He then got a dispensation to 
use another man's, for which he is thankful, as writing is a great 
pain to him now. Owes an account of his proceedings in this 
plantation [of Newfoundland] to the Duke, since it was under his 
Grace's patronage that he went out. Came to build and set and 
sow, but has fallen to fighting with Frenchmen. Details the actions 
of Mons. De la Rade, with three ships and 400 men, " many of them 
gentlemen of quality, and "la fleur de la jeunesse de Normandye." 
Has been troubled and charged with the 67 French prisoners all the 
summer. Sends six French prizes to England, and hopes his inte- 
rests will be respected. Begs that the Duke will intercede with the 
King that two men-of-war at least may be continued there all the 
year, except the winter, to preserve the seamen, shipping, and goods; 
contributions for that purpose to be imposed upon the fishery. 
Desires that the bearer [Wil.] Peasley may attend Buckingham on 
the writer's behalf. 



Aug.? 58. Petition of Capt. John Preen to the Privy Council. Has supplied 
St. Christopher's and Virginia four several times with provisions, 
and his ship, th'e Tryal, of London, under the command of Capt. 
Fran. Moyne, is now bound to Virginia with 80 seamen and 
passengers. Prays for a warrant for release of his ship, which has 
been stayed at Gravesend these ten days. [Warrant was granted 
12th August 1628. See DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I., Vol. CXV., 
p. 117.] 

Sept. 12. The King to Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia. The King 
renews to those colonies their lands and privileges formerly granted, 
and declares his pleasure in sundry other things touching the 
government there. [Docquet. DOMESTIC Car. /.] 

Sept. 22. Abraham Jacob to Jas. Earl of Carlisle. The Island business has 
not as yet yielded above 200?., which the writer paid to Jas. Max- 
well. [Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. L, Vol. CXVII., 
No. 53, Gal p. 335.] 

Sept. 29. Sir Robt. Killigrew to Jas. Earl of Carlisle, Things concerning 
St. Christopher's are in the same state, save a letter, come to the 
hands of Tom Davis, speaks of a desire a Governor of the West 
Indies has to supplant the Earl. Hopes to propound a way to 
make those islands past fear of the King of Spain. [DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Car. I., Vol. CXVII., No. 79, Cal p. 338.] 

Oct. 9. 59. Examination of Erasmus Stourton, late preacher to the colony 

Plymouth. o f Ferryland in Newfoundland. Landed on 26th September 
last, having left Newfoundland the previous 28th August. Lord 
Baltimore arrived in the colony about 23rd July 1627, and with 
him two seminary priests named Longvyll and Anth. Smith, but 
left for England with Longvyll, and returned with another priest 
named Hacket and about 40 Papists. Every Sunday, Mass and all 
the ceremonies of the Church of Rome are performed. The child of 
one William Pool, a Protestant, was baptized into the Church of 
Rome contrary to the will of his father. [ Underwritten, is a note 
that Stourton is chaplain to Lord Anglesea and has gone to attend 
the Privy Council.] 

Dec. 13. 60. Sir Fras. Cottington to Lord Treasurer Weston. Lord Bal- 
timore's suit to the King to lend him a ship for defence of New- 
foundland has been granted, and one of the six prize ships, which 
Nicholas says are good and warlike, is appointed for that purpose. 

Dec. 19. Robt. Allsop to Jas. Earl of Carlisle. His islands stand well ; 
100,000 weight of tobacco already imported, to pay 37Z. 10s. 
a thousand weight, besides that of the Earl's own, which is 2,700 
weight. [Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /., Vol. CXXII., 
No. 59, Cal. p. 411.] 

Dec. ? 61. Petition of Will. Peasley, on behalf of Lord Baltimore to the 

Lords Commissioners of Admiralty. That the St. Claude may be 
substituted for the Esperance, for preservation of the King's rights 
and many thousands of his subjects at Newfoundland. 


1628. VOL. IV. 

[Dec.] 62. Memorial of Lord Baltimore [to Sec. Dorchester]. The King 

having granted him the loan of the St. Claude, he requests a privy 
seal to that purpose. Also a letter from the Privy Council to the 
Governor of Virginia in favour of the memorialist's wife, who is now 
there, to afford her his best assistance upon her return to England. 
Prays for a grant of a portion of land in Virginia, the King having 
given him leave to choose a part. 

[Dec.] "Warrant for a privy seal to deliver one of the prize ships [the St. 
Claude on the endorsement], to Leonard Calvert, son of Lord Bal- 
timore, to be lent to him for twelve months [for defence of New- 
foundland]. [Draft by Nicholas, ivritten on the inner page of 
Cottington's letter. Colonial Corresp., ante, No. 60.] 

1628. Mem. by Sir Jos. Williamson, that Lord Baltimore was then 

actually seated at a place called Ferryland. [Colonial Corresp., 
Vol. L, No. 35.] 

1628? 63. State of the case between Lord Baltimore and "the mer- 

chants," concerning the division of French prizes, goods taken in 
Newfoundland, by their ships the Benediction and the Victory. It 
is humbly desired by Lord Baltimore that he may have his part, 
according to the consortship, with a letter of marque antedated to 
enable him to receive his proportion. "Endorsed by Sec. Dor- 
chester, " State of Lord Baltimore's cause." 

1628 ? 64>. Another copy of the above. 

1 628 ? 65. The King to [the Governor and Council of Virginia]. To 

have especial care that the oils, potashes, soaps, and other com- 
modities they are about to undertake the manufacture of, be 
really perfect, and that none pass out of the country without 
examination, " that the goodness thereof may be justifiable to all." 
Endorsed, " The substance of a letter to be obtained from His Majesty 
touching Virginia/' 

1628? 66. [Sir Pierce Crosby's] proposal to the King for a grant of 

5,000?. out of the loan for Ireland, and two prize ships, to transport 
ten companies of the Irish Regiment into a rich and fruitful part of 
America, not inhabited ~by any Christians ; a good proportion of land 
to be granted to the undertaker. The major part of the officers and 
many of the soldiers are Protestants. 

1628? Considerations upon the question, whether trade with the East or 

West Indies would be most beneficial to England ; answered in 
favour of the West Indies. Appeal to the King to give en- 
couragement to a company to be formed for working the mines 
there of gold and silver. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I., Vol. CXXVI., 
No. 53., Col. p. 436.] 



Vol. V. 16291630. 

Feb. 3. 

1. The King to Capt. Clias, Wolverton, Governor of Barbadoes. 
Differences having lately arisen between the Earls of Carlisle and 
Montgomery respecting the proprietary of the island of Barbadoes, 
or by what name soever the same was known, or vulgarly named, 
within 10 and 20 degrees of north latitude, and Lord Carlisle havino- 

o o 

given ample satisfaction that the island was formerly granted to him, 
and having sent over great numbers of persons towards the planting 
of it, Gov. Wolverton is directed to take care that Capt. Powell and 
the persons going thither with him, under the protection of Lord 
Montgomery, conform themselves to Lord Carlisle's government, and 
pay such duties and imposts as have been granted to him by letters 
patent. \_Gopy, dated 3 Jan. by mistake. See No. 9.] 

Feb. 4. Commission to Sir Wil. Alexander and others to make a voyage 
to the gulf and river of Canada and the parts adjacent, for the sole 
trade of skins, furs, hides, &c. [Minute. Colonial Corresp., 1607, 
Jan. 9.] 

1629? 2. Extract of Sir Wil. Alexander's patent concerning Canada. 

Sir Wil. Alexander the younger and others appointed Commissioners 
for making a voyage to the gulf and river of Canada and parts 
adjacent for sole trade, &c., with authority to settle a plantation, and 
prohibition to all others. Power to seize French and Spanish 
vessels and goods, and to displaut the former. Liberty of government 
amongst themselves. Covenant of further letters patent, with 
reservation of those formerly granted. 

1 629 ? 3. " Memorial touching the preparation of the French for 
Canada, Terra Nova, and St. Christopher." The French have 
20 sail ready for those parts. Capt. Kirke bound for Canada, 
with six good ships and three pinnaces, where he may be able 
to encounter them. " Our people " [the English] not provided 
at St. Kitt's; speedy succour should be sent. Some 40 fishing 
vessels only at Newfoundland. It is suggested that some men-of 
war be speedily sent to Lord Baltimore, to withstand the enemy 
and secure the interest of the English, who now enjoy the sole trade 
of fishing in those parts. [Endorsed by Carleton.~] 

Feb. 20. 4. Will Capps to [Governor of Virginia]. Is expressly corn- 
Elizabeth City, manded to leave for England to certify the effects of his employment, 
consisting chiefly of the King's affairs. Requests a favourable answer 
[for leave to depart] [Certified copy.'] 

Confirmation to Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Thomas 
Southcote, John Humphrey, John Endecott, and Simon Whitcombe, 
their heirs and associates, of a grant made to the~n by the Company 
of New England, with a further grant of incorporation, by the name 
of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in America. 
[Sign Manual, Car. I., Vol. X., No. 16. See ante p. 88, No. 42.] 

Feb. [27.] 5. Minute of the above. 

Feb. 27. 




March 4. 


March 4. 

March 4. 


March 4. 

VOL. V. 

Royal Charter creating a Corporation under the name of the 
" Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land." {Certified copy, Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LIX., pp. 29-59.] 

6. Another copy of the above. 

7. Abstract of the above. 

Marcli 4. 

March 4. 

April 3. 

Grant to John Endecott, Theoph. Eaton, and others, of a part of 
New England, " between the bounds in an indenture expressed," 
with divers liberties and jurisdictions to them and their heirs for 
ever. [Minute, Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

8. Grant to Sam. Aldersey, Thos. Adams, and others of a certain 
part of Ne\v England, " between the bounds in an indenture ex- 
pressed," with divers liberties and jurisdictions to them and their 
heirs for ever. [Minute.] 

Minute of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

9. The King to Capt. Chas. Wolverton, Governor of Barbadoes. 
His Majesty's letter of 3rd February, respecting the claims of Lords 
Carlisle and Montgomery to that island, is recited. The controversy 
not having been yet determined by the Lord Keeper, he is instructed 
to forbear the execution of any of the directions therein contained, 
and to maintain a peaceable and friendly intelligence "with all 
persons on both sides. [Copy, with corrections.] 

[April.] 10. The King to [Earl of Montgomery?]. By letter of 3rd Feb- 
ruary last, Governor Wolverton was informed that all persons going 
to Barbadoes should conform themselves to Lord Carlisle's govern- 
ment ; but by another letter of the 4th of this inst. [3rd ?] Capt. 
Wolverton was instructed to forbear carrying out those directions, 
and both parties at the same time were ordered to apply themselves 
to a friendly peace. He is informed of these proceedings and copy 
of the King's letter of 3rd April is sent for his guidance. {Copy, 
with corrections, endorsed " Earl of Mount : letter/'] 

April 18. 11. Lord Keeper Coventry to the King. Reports upon the 
differences between Lords Carlisle and Montgomery concerning " an 
island called Barbados ats. Barbudos," in ]3 deg. of north lat., 
claimed by both, by virtue of letters patent from the King. Upon the 
first question whether that island is one of the Caribbees, after hearing 
Sirs Thos. Button, John Watts, and other seamen of great note, he is 
of opinion it is not ; and upon the second, whether it was intended 
to be passed in Lord Carlisle's patent, though not one of the 
Caribbees, after describing the circumstances in connexion with 
the custody of those islands to Capt. Warner, in whose patent 
Barbadoes was expressly named, and that Barbuda in the 17th 
degree of lat. was not intended nor desired in any patent or 
commission, and the exceptions taken on both sides, he is of 
opinion that the proof on the Earl of Carlisle's part, that Bar- 
badoes was intended to be passed in his patent, is very strong. 

April 18. 12. Copy of the above. 




[1629.] 13. The King to Capt. Chas. Wolverton, Governor of Barbadoes. 
Recites letters of 3rd Feb. and 3rd April last, with Lord Keeper 
Coventry's report on the differences between Lords Carlisle and 
Montgomery, concerning the proprietary of Barbadoes. The con- 
troversy had arisen " chiefly in the ambiguity of names of near sound 
and thereby subject to mistaking in so remote parts." He is there- 
fore instructed to revive the King's former letter of 3rd Feb., and 
Lord Carlisle's title to Barbadoes is declared to be of full strength 
and virtue, and none other is to have force. [Draft, corrected by 
Sec. Dorchester.] 

June 15. Return of defaulters of musters taken at Dorchester, in which 
occurs the name of John Gould, gone to Virginia. [DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Car. I., 1629, July 27.] 

June ? 14. Antoine de Ridouet, Baron de Sance', to [Sec. Dorchester]. His 
great desire to be the means of settling French Protestants in 
Virginia, to plant vines, olives, and make silk and salt, induces 
him to solicit the King to appoint him gentleman of his privy 
chamber, and to grant both him and his son letters of denizatiori. 
[French On 27 June 1629 the King granted letters of denization 
to De Sancd and his son George. Sign Manual, Car. I., Vol. XI., 
No. 14.] 

[July] 15. Petition of Edmund Rossingham to the Privy Council. Was 

agent to his uncle, Sir Geo. Yeardley, late Governor of Virginia, who, 
dying before any satisfaction was made to the petitioner for being a 
chief means of raising his estate to the value of 6,OOOZ., Ralph 
Yeardley, his brother, took administration of the same. Prays for 
relief, and that his wrongs may be examined into. Referred to Sir 
Dudley Diggs, Sir Maurice Abbott, Thos. Gibbs, and Sam. Wrote, 
late Commissioners for that plantation, to examine the true state of 
the case. 1629, July 11. Annexed, 

15. i. Report of Thos. Gibbs and Sam. Wrote upon the above 
petition, describing in detail the petitioner's employ- 
ments from 1618, and awarding 360. as due to him in 
equity. 1629, Sept. 25. 

15. ii. Answer of Ralph Yeardley, administrator of the goods of 
Sir Geo. Yeardley, deceased, during the minority and in 
trust for his children, to Rossingham s petition. Signed 
by Gibbs and Wrote. 

July 19. 16. Articles demanded by M. M. Champlain and Le Pont of 
Quebec. [Thos.] Kirke previous to the surrender of Quebec. To show his 
commission from the King of Great Britain, and his powers to treat, 
from his brother [David] who is at Tadousac. To be allowed a shfp 
to take all their company to France ; friars, Jesuits, and two savages, 
also their weapons, baggage, &c. To have sufficient victuals in 
exchange for skins. Favourable treatment for all. To have pos- 
session of the ship three days after their arrival at Tadousac, which 




July 19. 

July 24. 


Aug. 9 



VOL. V. 

is to carry about 100 persons "which we are, as well those that 
have been taken, as those that are in this place." Signed by 
Champlain and Le Pont, [Orig. French.] 

17. English translation of the above. 

18. Proposals [by Mons. Belavene] for settling a colony in Florida 
with 2,000 men, to be sent over in two years in ten of the King's 
ships of 500 tons burthen each, and some transports for cattle for 
the service of the colony. Advantages to England in favouring the 
design. The power of Spain will by such means be certainly ruined 
and the Queen of Bohemia restored to her possessions. French. 

19. Keasons by Mons. Belavene in favour of the King maintaining, 
at his own expense, a fleet of fifty ships for His Majesty's service in 
the West Indies, rather than seek after any company of merchants, 
such companies being more prejudicial than profitable. French. 

20. Articles granted to the Sieurs Champlain and Le Pont by 
" Thos. Kearke" and ratiiied by " David Kearke." Thomas has not 

the King's commission, but his brother David will show it to them 
at Tadousac. He has full power to treat. Cannot give them a vessel, 
but guarantees a passage for them to England and from thence to 
France. Cannot grant a passage for the savages. They will be 
allowed to go out with their arms, clothes, baggage, and skins ; the 
soldiers with their clothes and a beaver coat each only. Skins will 
be exchanged for victuals. These articles will be ratified by 
David Kirke, the General of the Fleet. [Orig. French.] 

21. Questions to be put to Mons. Belavene concerning his pro- 
posals of 24th July last, for settling a colony in Florida. Whether 
he has ever been there ? and intends conducting the expedition in 
person ? How the colony can be settled, without expense to the 
King, seeing the transportation of 2,000 men will cost more than 
100,000 crowns? How he can prove that the design is not a castle 
in the air ? What reward he will expect. Whether the project has 
been communicated to others ? French. [Draft, in the handwriting 
of William Boswell, Secretary to the Earl of Carlisle] 

August ? 22. " Capt. Harvey's propositions touching Virginia." That six 
grave and conformable ministers be sent thither. That the planters 
be confirmed in their lands and goods by charter, and that the Privy 
Council resolve upon what is fit to be done for ratifying the privi- 
leges formerly granted, and holding a general assembly. That 
a fort be erected at Point Comfort, with other fortifications for 
defence of the colony. That 50 men, completely furnished and 
victualled, be sent over annually for three years to effect this work, 
together with 40 barrels of powder and 20 barrels yearly, and a 
proportionable quantity of other munition. That a competent 
sum of money be assigned the Governor for transportation of him- 

G 2 





self and retinue, and that for his future maintenance he may be 
allowed the custom and impost of 40,000 Ibs. of tobacco. That the 
City of London be invited to send over 100 poor boys and girls at 
their own expense, seeing " they have done as much at the request 
of the late Company." 

August ? 23. Answers to Capt. Harvey's propositions. Ministers who will 
go over at their own charge and be maintained by the plantation 
may do so. Lands, goods, and privileges to be settled in England. 
The Governor may be authorized to call a grand assembly to ordain 
laws, which must be temporary and changeable at the King's 
pleasure. A fit place for a fort to be surveyed, and the model sent 
to England, with estimates of the number of soldiers and other 
necessaries requisite ; ten barrels of powder to be sent for the 
present. The sum to be allowed for the Governor's transportation 
and yearly entertainment is left blank. [Draft, with corrections.] 

J 629 ? 24. Relation of the present state of Virginia by Capt. Will. 
Perse [Peirce ?], an ancient planter of twenty years' standing there. 
Between 4,000 and 5,000 English in the colony, generally well 
housed ; the plantations well stored and the soil very fertile. It 
has been raised to that height through tobacco, by which the in- 
habitants must subsist for a while ; more staple commodities may 
be undertaken by degrees. No better ship timber to be found in 
the world. About 2,000 musqueteers for defence against the 
natives, but no fortification against a foreign enemy. General peace 
with the Indians. 

[August.] 25. Warrant for Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, to 
receive all fines arising by any sentence of the courts of justice 
in that colony, for his better support in his great charge at the 
quarter courts, and otherwise, as has been heretofore accustomed. 

[Aug. 15.] 20. Petition of Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia. A last 
of powder was allowed to the late Sir Geo. Yeardley, when he went 
to that colony ; prays for the same allowance, as he is about to undergo 
the like employment. Referred by Sec. Dorchester to the Lord 
Treasurer, who is directed by the King to give the necessary orders. 
The quantities of powder delivered to Sir Geo. Yeardley in 1626, 
are certified, arid underwritten Lord Treasurer Weston requires 
the officers of the ordnance to carry these directions into effect. 
[Capt. Preen 's commission to take out Sir John Harvey in the 
Friendship is dated 13 August 1629. See Council Register.] 

Au. 19. 

27. Geo. Lord Baltimore to the King. Protestations of ser- 
vice. Gives thanks upon his knees for the loan of a fair ship. 
Complains of the calumny and malice of those who seek to make him 
appear foul in His Majesty's eyes, and of the slanderous reports 
raised at Plymouth last winter by an audacious man [see ante, p. 
94, No. 59], who was banished the colony for his misdeeds. Has 
met with difficulties " in this place " no longer to be resisted, and is 


1629. VoL ' V ' 

forced to shift to some warmer climate of the new world, where the 
winters are shorter and less rigorous. Severity of the weather from 
October to May ; both land and sea frozen the greatest part of the 
time. His house has been a hospital all the winter ; of 100 persons, 
50 sick at one time, he being one, nine or ten have died. His 
strength is much decayed, but his inclination carries him naturally 
to " proceedings in plantations." Desires a grant of a precinct of 
land in Virginia, where he wishes to remove with some 40 persons, 
with such privileges as King James granted to him in Newfoundland. 

Sept. 18. Declaration by the King that there shall be taken only 3d. upon 
every pound of tobacco, already imported from Virginia and the 
Somers Islands, in lieu of all customs, imposts, and other duties 
heretofore payable, to be collected by the farmers upon tobacco in 
such manner and proportion as the Lord Treasurer shall think fit. 
[Docquet. DOMESTIC Car. I.] 

Sept. 29. Commission from Jas. Earl of Carlisle, to Sir Thos. Warner, to bo 
sole Governor of St. Christopher's for life, in consideration of his 
having taken possession of all the Caribbee Islands for the Crown of 
England, and having begun a plantation upon St. Christopher's, alias 
St. Christovall, with power to appoint a deputy. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. V.,pp. 13-16.] 

1 629 ? 28. Inducements to be propounded to the King to take under his 
protection the adventurers to the river Amazon or Guiana and 
their plantation. Great probability of advancing to His Majesty 
and his successors 50,000. per annum for 21 years, to begin after 
the plantation shall have been settled four years. Such " rent " to be 
paid on these conditions : the King to send 3,000 men, to be at his 
own charge, for four years, 100 pieces of ordnance and ammunition, 
and a certain number of ships for transportation of the settlers 
and protection of their estates. These expenses are estimated at 
48,000., or 15,0001. ready money. Endorsed, by Sec. Carleton, 
" Guiana, reed, from Capt. Duppa." 

Oct. 3. Sir John Heydon to Ed. Nicholas. Received a warrant on 2nd 
inst. for licensing the exportation of four drakes to the Amazon, 
for the use of that Company, which he imagines to have been 
permitted by special licence for defence of the plantation. 
[DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

Oct. 12. 29. John Fincham to [Sec. Dorchester?]. Was prevented from 
Barbados, presenting himself before his departure with any credit, the Muscovy 
Company having dealt with him very unworthily, allotting only 
o()l. for all his losses, expenses, and dangers. Is much beholden 
to the Governor of the Island [of Barbadoes], Sir W. Tufton, and 
begs his Lordship will ask Lord Carlisle to write to the Governor 
in his behalf. " A pack of rebellious persons hath appeared by a 
conspiracy" against the Governor immediately after his arrival, 
which, if not severely punished, will be a main obstacle to the 
augmentation of His Majesty's kingdoms in the West Indies. 



Oct. 17. 30. Answers by Mons. Belavene to the eiglit articles concerning 
his proposals for settling a colony in Florida, which have been 
communicated to the Baron de Sancd [Endorsed by Boswell. 
See ante, p. 99, No. 21.] Annexed, 

30. I. Five articles of requests to be made to the King for con- 
cessions in reference to the above proposals. 1629, Oct. 17. 
[In the handwriting of Bosivell.] 

[Oct. 20.] 31. Note of articles agreed upon between the King and Attorney 
General Heath concerning the planting of Carolina. [Minute, in 
Williamson's handwriting.'] 

Nov. 2. 32. Examinations of Capt. Thos. Purfrey, Lieut. Edwards, and 

Elizabeth City. Geo. Downes, taken before John Pott, Governor of Virginia, and 

Capt. Sam. Mathews, concerning Will. Capps, carried out of 

the colony contrary to the orders of the Governor and Council. 

[Certified copy.'] 

Nov. 5. Sir Wil. Killigrew to Sec. Dorchester. Two Dutch ships have 

Pendennis arrived in Falmouth harbour with 21 English planters of good 

Castle. account from St. Christopher's, who were found at sea in dis- 

w tress. They relate that the island had been taken by a Spanish 

( . fleet of 34* ships, and that after lighting a day and a half with 

nine English vessels, the Spaniards took Nevis and St. Chris- 

topher's, and burnt all the houses there. About 400 English fled to 

the mountains and were succoured by the Indians. The Span- 

iards have forced some of the English ships to serve them ; the 

Spanish fleet upon the coast when these men left. [DOMESTIC 

Corresp. Car. L, Vol. CLL, No. 20, Gal p. 88. . On 1 5 Aug. 

1629, Ed. Nicholas writes that merchants affirm they have heard 

from French captains that a fleet of 10 French ships were bound 

for St. Christopher's with 1,200 men, but he adds it is to be 

doubted whether they will make themselves masters of those islands. 

Ibid., Vol. CXL VIII., No. 68, Gal p. 39.] 

Nov. 7. Grant of the Council for New England, by indenture, to Capt. 
John Mason of the Province of New Hampshire. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. LIX.,pp. 109-114.] 

Nov. 7. Abstract of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1620, Nov. 3.] 

1629? 33. Grievances of the French General and Commissary General, 

who were taken prisoners by Capt. Kirke in Canada. They acknow- 
ledge good usage in respect of diet and lodging, but complain that 
without any agreement the charges may amount to more than they 
can pay ; that friends and visitors are not allowed free access to 
them ; and that no ransom ought to be demanded for their re- 
lease, as they are not lawful prisoners of war, having been taken 
upon a plantation. 

Nov. 9. 34. Deposition of Sam. Champlain, of Browags [Brouage], in 
Guienne, late Lieut.- Go v. of Fort St. Louis, in Quebec, before Sir 
Henry Marten, Judge of the Admiralty. He and the rest of the 
French have been well treated since Canada was taken by Capt 


1629. VOL ' V - 

Kirke on 1% July [sic] last. Account of the arms, ammunition, 
and stores that were then in the fort. There were no victuals, 
the men having lived for two months upon nothing but roots. He 
sent his brother with 20 persons in a small pinnace of seven or eight 
tons to buy food of the savages, and to give notice of their distress 
in France. 

Nov. 9. 35. Examination of Eustacie Boule, of Paris, to the same interro- 
gatories as the preceding. The answers are the same in substance. 

Nov. 9. 36. Examination of Nicholas Blundell, of Dieppe. The answers 
are similar in effect to the above. 

Nov. 12. Wil. Towerson, Deputy Vice Admiral, to Lord President Con way. 

Portsmouth. Sends examination of Wil. Cock, who has come home in a Spanish 
vessel, about the taking of St. Christopher's. Four English ships have 
brought men from the island, for whom the Spaniards have taken a 
pledge for every one to be sent back into Spain, being of those 
ships they took frojnn the English. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I., 
Vol. CLL, No. 51, Gal. p. 93.] Incloses, 

i. Examination of William Cock, master of the Plough of 
London. In August, last, about ten sail of French 
went to St. Christopher's and took two^ or three English 
ships, which were surrendered seven or eight days after- 
wards and no hurt done to the island. On 7th Sept. 
last, 36 Spanish vessels arrived at Nevis, engaged with 
nine English ships, some are named, which they took, 
and burnt Nevis Town and St. Christopher's. The 
Spaniards have expelled the greater part of the French 
from the island; some 200 English and 40 French 
alone remain, who "did run up in the woods." 1629, 
Nov. 12. [Ibid.] 

Nov. 17. 37. Depositions of Capts. David and Thos. Kirke, John Love, 
and Thos. Wade, factors for the adventurers to Canada, before Sir 
Hen. Marten, Judge of the Admiralty. They left Gravesend on 
26 March 1629, with six ships and two pinnaces. Arrived at Great 
Caspe on 15 June and at Tadousac and Quebec between that and 
3rd of July. Traded with the natives for skins. Thos. Kirke, with 
200 men, demanded the surrender of Quebec about 3rd July, which 
was given up on the 9th. 1,713 beaver skins were taken in the 
fort, and came into the Company's hands. 

Nov. 17. 38. Copy of the above depositions. Endorsed, by Sec. Dor- 
chester, " Capt. Kirke's deposition touching skins brought from 

Nov. 17. Grant of the Council for New England, by indenture, to Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges a ad Captain John Mason, of lands upon the 
the rivers of the Irroquois, which they intend naming the Province 
of Laconia, [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LIX., pp. 115-121.] 



Nov. 22. 

Nov. 30. 



VOL. V. 

39. The King to Geo. Lord Baltimore. Seeing Ids plantation in 
Newfoundland has not answered his expectation, that he is in 
pursuit of new countries, and weighing that men of his condition 
and breeding are fitter for other employments than the framing of 
new plantations, which commonly have rugged and laborious 
beginnings, the King has thought fit to advise him to desist from 
further prosecuting his designs, and to return to his native country, 
where he shall enjoy such respects as his former services and late 
endeavours justly deserve. [Copy.] 

40. Governor John Pott, Sam. Mathews, Roger Smyth, and 
Will. Claybourne, to the Privy Council. About the beginning of 
October last, Lord Baltimore arrived in Virginia from his planta- 
tion of Newfoundland, with intention, as they are informed, to 
plant to the southward, but has since seemed willing, with his 
family, to reside at this place. He, and some of his followers, being 
of the Romish religion, utterly refused to take the oaths of supre- 
macy and allegiance, tendered to them according to instructions 
received from King James. As they* have been made happy in the 
freedom of their religion, they implore that as heretofore no Papists 
may be suffered to settle amongst them. 

41. Petition of Capt. Constance Ferrar to the King. Sets forth 
his many services, for which he has never received any satisfaction. 
Agreed with Lord Ochiltrie to go with his wife and family and 
plant at Cape Breton, where they arrived on 1st July [1629]. Upon 
10th Sept. they were treacherously surprised and taken prisoners by 
Capt. Daniell, who was employed by the merchants and Jesuits of 
Dieppe, and after many sufferings were landed in England ; but 
Lord Ochiltrie and 17 others were taken prisoners to France. 
Prays that the French Ambassador may be ordered to intercede for 
their release [See No. 46], and for restitution for above 10,000. 
damages, and that orders may be given to the Council of War 
to pay to the petitioner what is due to him for former services. 
With reference in accordance therewith, 1629, Dec. 9. 

9 Notes concerning Barbadoes. A long dispute between Phil. Earl 
of Montgomery and Jas. Earl of Carlisle, occasioned by their several 
grants. The determination referred to Lord Keeper Coventry. 
Carlisle's patent declared by the King to be of full strength ; all 
persons commanded to conform to the Earl's government. [Minute. 
Colonial Corresp., 1609, pp. 5, 6.] 

Opinion of Lord Keeper Coventry that Barbadoes is not one 
of the Caribbee Islands, seamen of great note having testified the 
impossibility of any resort thither by the Caribbees. [Minute. 
Colonial Corresp., 1609, p. 28.] 

1629-1652. 42. Minutes relating to the Caribbee Islands, some of which may 
be abstracted as follows: 1629, Sir W. Tufton Governor of Bar- 
badoes, about which island there was in that year a long dispute 
between the Earls of Montgomery and Carlisle occasioned by their 





several grants; the King by his letter of 3rd April 1631? [see 
ante, p. 98, No. 13] declared the Earl of Carlisle's patent to be of 
full strength and virtue and no other. 1631, Capt. Chas. Wol- 
verton ; 1639, Major Hunks, Governors of Barbadoes. 1641, the 
Caribbees are pretended to be conveyed by the then Earl of Car- 
lisle's father to Sir Jas. and Mr. Archibald Hay in trust for payment 
of his debts. 1652, more than 10,000 foot and 2,000 horse in Bar- 

1629. Note that the islands of Nevis and St. Christopher were burnt by 

the Spaniards with 36 sail. [Colonial Corresp., 1609, p. 6.] 

1629 ? 43. Petition of Roger Glover to the King. Has long been an 
adventurer to the Caribbee Islands and furnished the planters with 
provisions of great value, for which he receives payment in com- 
modities from thence, but the Spaniards having in Michaelmas term 
last surprised " the two islands" [St. Kitt's and Nevis], he is de- 
prived of the means of discharging his engagements. Prays for the 
King's protection for one year, to give him time to pay his debts 
and again adventure to those plantations. 

1 629 ? 44. Articles of Agreement between A. and B. and certain planters 
and inhabitants not named, for the effectual foundation, defence, and 
maintenance of the Island of St. Christopher. [Draft, with cor- 
rections in Wil. BosweWs hand. Imperfect."] 

1629? 45. Mem. by Mr. Yueling [Evelyn ?], concerning a voyage made 
to the Amazon, about four years past, by his servant, Thomas ' 
Fanning, with the object of embarking there in the trade with 
the Flushingers, and securing a monopoly for England ; this failed 
for want of encouragement, and through the designs of the Portu- 
guese. Afterwards joined Abraham Van Pece, one of the "West 
India Governors, to settle the traffic at the Berbice River, but 
finding Captains Roger North and Leake upon the same business, 
sees no possibility of proceeding therein. Annexes a list of the 
staple commodities in those parts. 

1629. Petition of Luke Fox to the King ; for a small supply of money 

towards the discovery of a passage by the North West to the South 
Sea, Hudson and Sir Thos. Button having discovered a great way, 
and given great hopes of opening the rest. [Minute. Colonial 
Corresp., 1609,_p. 17.] 


Jan. ? 46. Memorial of Lord Ochiltrie to the King. On the 10th Sept. 
[1629] Capt. Daniell, of Dieppe, accompanied by threescore soldiers 
and a number of savages, arrived in six shallops upon the coast 
of Capbritane [Cape Breton], and surprised a colony he had seated 
there by virtue of a commission from the King of 'Britain. " Bar- 
barous and perfidious carriage " of the French, who said they were 
friends because of the peace. The sufferings they endured, being 
inclosed in the hold of a ship, where they were forced to lie one 
upon the other, and were thus carried to Dieppe. His losses 



above 20,000^., proved before the Admiralty Court of Dieppe, where 
he was kept close prisoner for a month, and only liberated by 
means of His Majesty's Ambassador. Has presented the relation of 
his injuries to the Council [of Marine], but his wrongs cannot be 
repaired, his losses repaid, nor the offences be punished, but " by the 
contrary." Capt. Daniell has a new commission from the King of 
France to go with French ships to America, and make good his 
possession of Cape Breton. Prays that some remedy may be pro- 
vided for his wrongs and losses, and refers to Capt. Constance 
Ferrar, Lieut. Thos. Stewart, and others, witnesses to the actions 
above. [In a despatch from Paris, 22 Jan. 1629-30, Sir Thos. 
Edmondes states that he had complained of Capt. Daniell's cruel 
usage of Lord Ochiltrie, who had been set at liberty by the Council 
of Marine, as they could find no cause for his longer detention. 
Capt. Daniell alleged, in justification, express warrant from the 
Cardinal, from whom he had shown a commission to recover, for 
the French, all the plantations between 40 and 60 degrees. [See 
Corresp, FKANCE.] 

Jan. ? 47. " Lord Ewchiltree's [Ochiltrie] information/' Pretensions of 
the King of France to Canada, and all Acadia, including New 
England and New Scotland ; that King assumes the sole privilege 
of fishing in those parts, whereby in a few years, he will be able to 
raise a nursery of sailors better than any in the world. Capt. 
Daniell, in his letters, has publicly confessed that it is the French 
King's intention this year to supplant the English in all those 
colonies, and to make prize of the English ships going thither. 
Insists upon the " King of Britain's" right to those countries ; 
above 7,000 of His Majesty's subjects there. Capt. Daniell, the 
agent of the Jesuits, is said to be the whole projector and plotter. 
The French ships start from Dieppe on 20 Feb. The King of 
France only intended the peace with England to last two years, 
until he had secured America. 

Jan. 27. 48. Sir Henry Marten to Sec. Dorchester. Has granted a com- 
mission to the persons named by M. M. De Caen and Mullins ; two 
Frenchmen for De Caen, and two English for the Canada mer- 
chants. Subsequent dissatisfaction of the French induced by " the 
busy intermeddling of Mr. Chamberlayne, the merchant/' and refusal 
of M. De Caen to proceed upon Dorchester's order. 

] 630 ? 49. Petition of the adventurers to Canada to the King. By 
virtue of His Majesty's right to Canada, they first set out Capt. Kirke 
in 1627 to plant and trade there, who returning in 1628, a commission 
was granted to the petitioners to send him out again, " this last 
year " with a fleet for that purpose. The French pretend a claim to 
the goods that have been brought home, from which the petitioners 
are not only debarred, but likely to lose their trade in Canada 
in time to come, to the great prejudice of other plantations in 
America, and the loss of 200 British subjects, who must perish unless 
they have speedy relief. Pray that their goods may be delivered to 



them upon giving security to the Judge of the Admiralty to answer 
any pretended right thereto, or that they may have a legal pro- 
ceeding. [Warrant was obtained by the French Ambassador for 
recovery of these goods out of the Admiralty Court, and for putting 
them in sequestration. See Council Reg. 1629, Oct. 28.] 

Jan. ? 50. Petition of Edmund Rossingham to the Privy Council. The 

King having taken the government of Virginia into his own hands, 
on July 11 [1629] he petitioned against Ralph Yeardley, apothecary 
of London, and administrator to his brother, Sir Geo. Yeardley, 
deceased, to give an account of the estate, as also satisfaction for 
the petitioner's services. [See ante, p. 98, No. 15.] Prays that his 
cause may be finally determined. On 19 Feb. 1630 the Privy 
, Council ordered Ralph Yeardley to pay 200^. to the petitioner out 

of his brother's estate, 1,200/. having already come into the ad- 
ministrator's hand. See Council Register.] 

[Feb. 1.] Memorial of the French Ambassador to King Charles. For 
restitution of all places taken by the English in Canada since -- 
April last, according to [the 8th Art. of] the treaty [of Susa], par- 
ticularly the fortress and settlement of Quebec, possessed by Capt. 
Kirke, and those of Cape Breton and Port Royal, possessed by Sir 
Will. Alexander. [Corresp. FRANCE.] 

1630 ? Memorial of the French Ambassador to King Charles. For per- 
mission to seize furs and other merchandise brought in two vessels 
by the Kirkes from Canada. French. [Corresp. FRANCE.] 

Feb. 1. 51. Answers to five several memorials presented by the French 
Ambassador to the Lords Committees for Foreign Affairs. The 
King continues in his former resolution to restore Quebec in the 
same state as when taken by Capt. Kirke, the 9th July last, without 
demolishing the fortifications or buildings, or carrying away arms, 
ammunition, &c. Complaints against English merchants for em- 
bezzling skins brought from Canada, will be inquired into. The 
Privy Council have under consideration, the cause relating to the 
claims of Peter de Tosse, and other merchants, of Calais. The King 
has ordered restitution of the St. Jean de Luz, taken by Sir 
Wil. Alexander's son, and of three other French ships. [Duplicate. 
Another copy in Corresp. FRANCE.] 

[Feb.] 52. Petition of Sir Arthur and Sir Hen. Mayn waring and Capt 

Will. King to the King. There is a small island commonly called 
Fernandoe Lorinha, situate between 4 and 6 deg. south lat. [Fer- 
nando de Noronha, lat. 3 55' S.] not at present inhabited, but very 
likely to be possessed by the subjects of some other prince, if not 
speedily prevented. Pray for a grant thereof. Underwritten, is an 
order for the Attorney General to prepare a bill, as in similar cases, 
the King having been pleased to grant the request of the petitioners, 
3 Feb. 1630. 

Feb. 10. 53. Articles which A. and B. request the Attorney General to 
grant to them, by patent, for the settlement and plantation of 




Feb. 10. 

VOL. V. 

Carolina. The 34th and 35th deg. of Nor. lat., " within his province 
of Carolina," to be peopled and planted by them. Power to erect 
courts. Two-fifth parts of the territory to be held of him in the 
King's service, with titles of honour, &c., the rest in free soccage. 
Conditions of tenure. Certain payments to the Attorney General as 
"Lord paramount or predominant." [Draft by Boswell, with 

54. Abstract of the above, in Boswell's handwriting; with minute 
on endorsement, that the patent of Receiver and Commissary General 
be dispatched. [See Feb. 24.] 

Feb. 21. 55. Warrant to the Officers of the Ordnance to deliver to John 
Whitehall. Browne, the King's gimfounder, for the use of Henry Earl ,of 

Holland and his associates, certain drakes, not exceeding 24, for 

their plantation on the coast of America. 

Feb. 24. Grant to Hugh L'Amy of the office of Receiver General of rents 
in Carolina, and " the adjacent isles," upon the nomination of Sir 
Robt. Heath, Attorney General. Confirmed the same day, at the 
request of the Earl of Carlisle. [Minute. Colonial Corresp., 

1G07, Jan. 9.] 

Feb. 28. 56. Sir Robt. Heath to Mr. Lucas, Sec. to Lord Dorchester. 
Has prepared the commission for Canada according to his warrant. 
An addition required by the French Ambassador. Finds they 
[De Caen and the French?] are not satisfied, but cannot answer 
their desires without a new warrant. Requests the commission may 
speedily be sent to Sec. Dorchester. 

[March 3.] 57. Notes by Boswell of the situation of the proposed settlement 
of Carolina ; the number of families to be transported ; fortresses 
to be erected. [French, written on the blank side of a fragment of 
a letter, signed Sa/nce.] 

March 5. 58. Commission to Sir Humphrey May, Sir John Coke, Sir Julius 

Westminster. Ca3sar, and Sir Hen. Marten, to discover what goods, merchandise, 

and other things have been taken by Capt. David Kirke from the 

French, from the fort of Quebec, the College of Jesuits, and a French 

vessel. [Engrossed copyJ\ 

March 7. 


59. Capt. Rich. Plumleigh to Lord Carlisle. Met at Cadiz, Geo. 
Donne, Lieut. Hay and five or six others, hostages for the ships lent 
by Don Frederico de Toledo for transportation of the planters 
upon the islands belonging to Carlisle, and promised that he would 
solicit his Lordship to hasten their delivery. Found them in great 
want, and relieved them both with advice and money. [On 2nd 
March previous Francis Brooke writes to Sec. Coke from Ports- 
mouth, that he conceives a Spanish bottom which brought home 
passengers from St. Christopher's ought to be confiscated to the 
King, although it is pretended it belongs to the passengers, as 
given by the enemy to bring them home. [DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Car. I., Vol. CLXIL, No. 10.] 



1630. VOL.V. 

March 11. 60. Articles demanded of the Attorney General by the Baron de 
Sance 7 , to be inserted in his grant from the King, respecting the limits, 
rights, and privileges in the intended settlement of Carolina. French. 
[Draft, corrected by Boswell] 

[March ]].] 61. Another draft of the preceding articles, though somewhat 
fuller. French. 

March 11. 62. Fair copy of articles similar in substance to the preceding, but 
considerably fuller ; with reasons in favour of their being complied 
with. French. 

[March 11.] 63. Articles in English, almost a translation of No. 61. 

[March.] 64. Articles agreed upon between the Attorney General and 
Baron de Sancd concerning the settlement of Carolina. French. 
[Draft by De Sance, with corrections] 

March ? 65. Directions to Mons. Bonnavolia [? Belavene] for a voyage to, 
and settling a plantation under 35th degree Nor. lat. Course to be 
taken by the pilot. Choice of land for the plantation. Twelve 
acres of ground to be prepared by 1st September. Great beans, 
Frerich beans, and seeds of all sorts, principally anniseed, to be sown. 
To live in peace with the Indians. To obtain materials and build a 
house of two stories, and, when the ship has left, four towers for forti- 
fication, for which the most minute details are set down, and rough 
plans drawn in the margin. In case of an enemy, forty men to be 
armed with guns and pikes, " upon sight of whom they will run 
away/' Overtures of friendship to the natives; selection of presents. 
Duty of the Governor to divide the men into four companies, each to 
have a quartermaster, three for the English, and one for the French. 
Punishment for neglect of duty or quarrelling. Prayers every 
Sunday. Every man to lay his hand upon the Bible, and thereby 
acknowledge himself a true Protestant and faithful to his commander, 
King, and country. Dressing of provisions and quantity to be 
allowed. No female cattle, nor eggs to be eaten. The Governor 
and quartermasters to govern the companies. Strict guard to be 
always kept. Prevention of sickness. Rules to be observed in the 
construction of ditches for defence, and salt pits. The Governor and 
quartermasters to have the choice of settling either in the 34th or 
35th degree " both being very good places." 

March ? 66. Regulations [by Baron de Sance'] to be observed by all French 
Protestants wishing to settle in Carolina. To have certificates from 
their respective pastors in France, which will be attested by the 
Ministers of the French Church in London, and for which Attorney 
General Heath will deliver to each a certificate in exchange. 
Names and vocation to be written in a book. When arrived in the 
plantation all will give up their certificates to the Deputy and any 
found without will be reputed strangers [estrangers] and sent back 
again. French. 



March ? 


March ? 

March ? 

March ? 

VOL. V. 

67. Rules [by De Sance ?] for those who go to dwell in Carolina* 
None going over the first two or three years to pay for the passage 
of themselves or their goods. Every man with servants to con- 
tribute 10Z. to the public store, those without, what the Council think 
fit. A Council to be chosen with the Governor as President. Those 
going from France or Holland to have certificates of their religion 
and good conduct. 

68. Proposals [by the Baron de Sance]. Many Protestant 
families in France and England wish to settle in ^some part either 
of New England or Virginia, in 36^ deg. [altered from 37th], 
upon a river where they can traffic in silk and other merchandise. 
Solicits the King's assistance with a ship, cannon, and ammu- 
nition, also pikes and muskets for 500 men, having found mer- 
chants and gentlemen who will support the plantation under 
His Majesty's authority. Advantages to be gained. Great quanti- 
ties of mulberry trees for silkworms. [French. Endorsed, by Sec. 
Coke, "Mons. Sance's proposition to carry 100 men to plant upon 
the river St. Jaques to the south of Virginia. Speak with Lord 
Keeper about releasing the Jesuits, discharge of Fr. Griffin. Inquire 
what forwardness the ships and provisions are in."] 

69. Mem. [by De Sancd] of the limits of his proposed grant for 
Carolina, and the conditions to be observed by those who wish to 
settle in the Province. Not more than 100 or 150 settlers to be 
sent over the first year, and labourers, artizans, and skilful seamen 
only to be sent during the next two or three years. French. 

70. Project for advancing the intended plantation [of Carolina ?] 
by collecting from every communicant in England one penny before 
he receives the sacrament ; the money to be paid to the treasurer for 
the plantation. The Bishops to require from every minister upon 
oath, the number of communicants in his respective parish. 

71. Belavene to Boswell. 
privileges of those going 
Carolina]. French. 

Proposed general order concerning the 
out as servants to the province [of 

[March.] 72. Mem. by De Sance' of the number of men he hopes to 
take out on the first voyage to Carolina, including a minister, car- 
penters, ship builders, locksmiths, bricklayers, masons, bakers, cooks, 
a tailor, bootmaker, apothecary, and barber, serving men, and others 
for discovery ; total, 81 persons. The provisions and the several 
duties they will have to perform. French. 

[March.] 73. A particular [by De Sancd] of the apparel, victuals, arms, tools, 
and household implements necessary for one person or for a family 
settling in Carolina; the charges for 50 men are estimated at 



[March 12.] 

March 16. 

March 19. 



VOL. V. 

74. List of six [French] ships that are making ready for Canada ; 
their burden, names of commanders, and the ports where they are 
preparing. [Duplicate of an inclosure in a despatch from De Vic, 
from Paris, who states that great diligence is being used in the 
preparation of eight ships, two for St. Christopher's and the other 
six for Coast Guards ; but that the Canada Company, by importunate 
complaints, has obtained from the French King and his Council, the 
use of the six Garde Costes to be employed for the recovery of 
Canada. The inclosed list, De Vic says, was received from a good 
hand with an assurance that the French King is at the greatest part 
of the charges of the expedition. See Corresp. FRANCE, of this date.] 

Francis Bassett to the Privy Council. Has examined Capt. 
Regnold, who, with his ship the Francis of Havre de Grace, and 
company, was arrested in the name of Thos. Littleton and others, 
merchants of London, together with the English who came from 
St. Christopher's in other ships. Finds that Regnold's commission 
was not dated a month after General Le Cusac's return from thence, 
but that he was at Barbadoes when the massacre was committed by 
Le Cusac, and that when he sailed from St. Christopher's, seven or 
eight and twenty days after the execution, Le Cusac's fleet was at 
St. Eustatius ; all of which confirms his having no dependence on 
that general. Knows of no other cause for the detention of Regnold 
or his ship. Awaits their Lordships' further orders. [DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Car. L, Vol. CLXIII., No. 3.] 

75. Articles agreed upon between Attorney [Gen. Heath] and De 
Sance respecting the settlement in Carolina ; copy of which, as 
endorsed by De Sance, he had sent into France. Latin. [Draft-, 
with corrections by De Sance, endorsed also by Boswell] 

76. Richard Sandes to [Sec. Coke?]. A long discourse, inter- 
spersed with Scriptural quotations, upon the advantages to England 
of sending people to the plantations in New England; many desi- 
rous to go, if some good way were taken to carry them over, who 
would further the conversion of the savages. Begs to be employed 
there if his Lordship should send any people to New England. 

77. Narrative [addressed to Sec. Coke ?] concerning the settlement 
of New England. The French claim it as being the first discoverers. 
Jacques Cartier called it Nova Francia, but never attempted to 
plant there. In 1603 the French King granted a patent to Mons. de 
Monts, of that country, lying between 40 and 46 degrees [of latitude]. 
The French made three unsuccessful attempts to discover Massa- 
chusetts Bay. An old Protestant Frenchman on a fishing voyage 
was cast away, and escaped to the shore of the bay. He lived 
with the Indians about two years, and used every means to convert 
them from the worship of the Devil to Christianity, without avail. 
He prophesied that God would destroy them, and the following year 
they were visited with the plague, which continued three years, 
and swept away almost all the people for about 60 miles along the 





VOL. V. 

sea-coast. In 1623 about 120 emigrants set out to plant in Dela- 
ware bay, but were forced, by cross winds, to land about 25 miles to 
the south of Massachusetts, and there they established a colony which 
begins to thrive, having increased to about 500 people. This year 
Mr. Winthrop, with 6 ships and 1,000 people landed at Massachu- 
setts, having sent, two years before, between three and four hundred 
servants to provide houses and corn, which through idleness they 
neglected to do. Satisfactory progress of the colony. The providence 
of God worthy of observation. 

78. Names of the principal undertakers for the plantation of the 
Massachusetts Bay, that are themselves gone over with their wives 
and children. John Winthrop, Governor, and three of his sons ; 
Sir Rich. Saltonstall and five children ; Isaac Johnson, Lady 
Arbella his wife, and Mr. Charles Fines, sister and brother to the 
Earl of Lincoln ; Mr. Dudley, his wife and six children ; Coddington 
and wife ; Pincheon, wife, and two daughters ; Vassall and wife, and 
Mr. Revell. Endorsed, " For the Rt. Hon. Lord Carleton." 

79. Order of the Privy Council. The merchant adventurers to 
Canada and Mons. De Caen and all on that side to be admitted on 
Monday next before the Lord Mayor, to make an offer for the beaver 
skins now in dispute between them. The money to be deposited, by 
those who offer the most, with the Lord Mayor, until it is deter- 
mined to whom it shall be paid. [Copy.] 

[April 7.] 80. List of the names of the Captains bound for Canada in six 
ships belonging to the King of France, to be ready to set sail in six 
weeks at furthest. Identical with those noted in No. 74, viz., Chev. 
de Montigny [Admiral of the Fleet], Chev. de St. Clair [Monteclair ? 
in above list], Sieur de Nest of Fecamp, Sieur de Lombards, 
Capt. Daniell, and Capt. Arnaud. [De Vic inclosing a similar list in 
a despatch from Paris of this date says, that he received it from 
a good hand, and that other preparations go on but slowly for want 
of money. See Corresp. FKANCE.] 

April 2. 

April 9. 

81. James Cambell, Lord Mayor of London; to Sir. Hen. Marten. 
Has called the parties before him according to an Order in Council 
of 2nd April. [See ante, No. 79.] Mons. De Caen having offered 
25s. per Ib. for the beaver skins, to which the adventurers of Canada 
have agreed, he will appoint a person to weigh and deliver them. 

Order of the Privy Council. The beaver skins to be counted, 
weighed, and given up by Sol. Smith, Marshal of the Admiralty, to 
Abrah. Taylor for the Lord Mayor, who is to deliver them to M. De 
Caen upon receipt of the money, after the rate of 25s. per Ib. 
[Copy. Colonial Corresp., 1630, April 2.] 

[April 13.] 82. Account of the number of men, robust, and courageous, and 
skilful in agriculture, also soldiers who have served in Holland, 

April 9. 



together with magazine of clothing, arms, ammunition, and pro- 
visions, &c., which Mons. Vassall thinks necessary to send to Vir- 
ginia. French. Endorsed by Boswell, " Rec d 13 Ap. 1630." 

April 15. Sec. Dorchester to Sir Isaac Wake, Ambassador in France. Mons. 
De Chateauneuf seemed to go away ill satisfied that he could not 
obtain a direct promise from the King for the restitution of Port 
Royal, adjoining Canada, where some Scotchmen are planted, under 
the title of Nova Scotia. This plantation was authorized by King 
James, although not begun until towards the end of the war with 
France. Chateauneuf having earnestly pressed King Charles that 
all should be put in the same state as before the war, His Majesty, 
without refusing or granting, has taken time to advise of it. The 
King is content that Quebec should be restored, but this advertise- 
ment is only for Wake's information. [Copy. Corresp. FEANCK] 

April 15. 83. Gov. Sir John Harvey to Sec. Dorchester. Arrived at 
Virginia, Virginia after a long and tedious passage, by reason of a leaky ship ; 
was forced to go to Cape Verd, where he found about 40 Holland 
ships bound to the West Indies, which were nearly taking his ship 
with them. The heat of the climate caused a general sickness 
throughout their company, and this great sickness prevented him 
calling an Assembly until the week before Easter. Found the 
people miserably perplexed for want of corn, which they had 
generally neglected to plant. An act was passed to augment the 
quantity of corn, and restrain the excess of tobacco. It was agreed 
to make a fortification at Point Comfort, and to continue the wars 
against the natives. Propositions were made for setting forward 
divers staple commodities ; hopes next year to give good account 
of them. Purposes to survey the country this summer. Has 
already, notwithstanding his weakness, made a journey to the 
iron works, which the Indians have demolished. Hopes to discover 
a saltpetre mine in the Bay. Will find out if there be any silver 
mines. Excuses himself for not writing to the Privy Council. 

April ? 84. Memorial [from the government of Virginia]. To supplant 

English tobacco, which hinders the sale of Virginian, and will 
cause the plantations to be deserted, and utterly disabled from 
planting useful commodities. To order that all masters of ships 
give bond to the Governor of Virginia to take all commodities 
laden from that colony to England. Endorsed by Sec. Dor- 
chester, " The Government of Virginia's Memorial." 

April? 85. Petition of Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, to the 

Privy Council. On his arrival, he found the colony engaged in a 
necessary war with the natives, which has exhausted all their pow- 
der, nor can the store he took over last long. Prays that two or 
three lasts may be sent by the next ships. 

April 20. 86. Instructions by way of indenture between the King and Sir 
Robert Heath, to be observed in the plantation of Carolina ; no 




aliens to be allowed to settle without special direction, nor any but 
Protestants who conform to the discipline of the Church of England ; 
all former instructions to be void ; these only to remain in force 
according to the King's patent of 20 Oct. 1629. [Copy.} 

April ? Petition of Humphrey Slaney, Nicholas Crisp and William Clobory 
[sic], merchants, to the Privy Council. In Jan. 1629 they sent the 
Benediction of London, 300 tons, to trade to the river of Senaga 
[Senegal] in Guinea " being their accustomed trade/' but she was 
surprised by a French man of war in the June following, and carried 
by Capt. Bontemps to Dieppe, to the petitioners' loss of more than 
20,000?. Pray for relief upon such French goods as are now under 
sequestration, or for letters of reprisal. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. L, 
Vol. CLV., No. 59, Cal. p. 145.] 

April ? 87. Petition of General De Caen to the Privy Council. Capt. Kirke 
and his company will neither give up the beaver skins, for which 
the petitioner has offered the highest price, nor the keys of the 
warehouse to the Lord Mayor, as may appear by his certificate 
annexed. Prays that they may be speedily delivered to him or his 
assigns, and Capt. Kirke and company condemned to pay all costs 
and damages. Annexed, 

87. i. James Cambell, Lord Mayor of London, to the Privy 
Council. Has received their order of 9th April. Capt. 
Kirke refuses to give up the keys of the warehouse wherein 
the beaver skins are. Perceives they will not be delivered 
to De Caen until further orders from their Lordships. 
Jaques Reynard appointed to act for De Caen, who 
cannot stay longer in England. 1630, April 28. 

87. ii. Affidavit of Wil. De Caen, Lord of La Motte, General of 
the Fleet of New France, for costs and damages. With 
authority to Reynard to receive the beaver skins. 1630, 
April 12. 

87. in. Affidavit of " Josua Mainet," public notary, that he 
applied to Mistress Kirke, widow of Jarvis Kirke, to 
Capt. David Kirke her son, to Wil. Berkeley and Robt. 
Charlton, Merchant Adventurers of Canada, but can- 
not obtain the keys of the warehouse wherein are the 
beaver skins. 

May 1. 88. Baron de Sance' to Will. Boswell. Illness has prevented him 
seeing Boswell. Begs that he will trim up [dresser] "our articles," 
inform Sec. Dorchester of the agreement that has been made, and 
obtain an order from the King for some arms, in lieu of De Sance"s 
pension. Time presses. Has received news from Plymouth ; from 
Capt. Bourquier. If he obtains the arms will make Boswell a 
present of twenty muskets. Dorchester told De Sance' that he very 
much approved of their design [qu'il affectionnoit fort cela] French. 
In allusion to the proposed settlement in Carolina, see his letters, 


1639. VOL ' V - 

&c. in March previous. [On 24 Feb. 1628, the King granted to 
Antoine de Sancd, a Frenchman, a pension of 1001. per annum, 
during pleasure. See Sign Manual Car. I., Vol. V., No. 53.] 

May 3. 89. Depositions of Dan. Fallon, Rich. Carpenter, and Gregory 
French, taken before Sir Thos. Warner, Governor of St. Christopher's, 
and the rest of his Council, viz. ; Captains Thos. Powell, Will. 
Epps, and John Hagthorpe, Herbert Blount, John Featlye Minister, 
Will. Brett, Thos. Williams, Steph. Stokes, Will. Jackson, and John 
Avison, concerning certain speeches spoken by Greg. French tending 
to the dishonour of the King. 

May 15. 90. Articles of agreement between George Lord Berkeley and 
William Boswell, Samuel Vassall, Hugh L'Amy and Peter De Licques, 
for the settlement of Carolina, in 34, 35, and 36 degrees of Nor. 
lat. Lord Berkeley, holding the lands from Attorney General 
Heath, with full power to people, plant, and dispose, appoint officers 
and establish laws, the above are to have liberty to plant any part 
within those limits, with the advantage of removing the plantation 
elsewhere within twelve months. To hold in free soccage, paying 
20th part of profits yearly, by way of quit rent. Every plantation to 
consist of ten square miles, and 50 men at least to be settled 
within the year of their first beginning to plant. Power to appoint 
a Governor every three years. No appeal except to the General 
Assembly of the province. Sole transportation of people and 
merchandise. Monopoly of making salt, upon payment of a tenth 
part to Berkeley. Power to assign half of their lands planted to 
others, for a yearly rent of a tenth part of the profits, or a twentieth 
part to Berkeley, the other half to be free to them and their heirs 
for ever. [Draft, with corrections by Boswell.~\ 

May? 91. Articles of agreement between Boswell, Vassall, L'Amy, and 

De Licques, concerning the settlement of Carolina. Each to send 
over an equal number of servants and workmen and none to separate 
from the other, for the first ten years, upon pain of forfeiting every 
privilege. Boswell and Vassall to have one-third, and L'Amy and 
De Licques two-thirds of the passage money of any " out of their 
association " attempting to go over in other than their ships. Ex- 
clusive right to appoint Governors, officers of justice, militia and 
police. Sole privilege to make salt for ever. Method of keeping 
and auditing their accounts. French. 

May ? 92. Another copy of articles somewhat similar to the preceding, 
with addition of the supplies which [De Sancd ?] will adventure. 
French. [Endorsed by De Sane/.] 

May 18. Warrant to the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs of London to break 
open the doors of the warehouse wherein are the beaver skins, and 
see them delivered to Gen. De Caen or his assigns, in case the 
merchants trading for Canada refuse to deliver up the keys. [Copy. 
Colonial Corresp., 1630, April 2.J 

H 2 



May 29. 


May 29. 


VOL. V. 

93. Governor Harvey to Sec. Dorchester. Respecting the King's 
instructions sent by Will. Capps, refers him to letters sent to the 
late Earl of Marlborough. Capt. Fran. West, then Governor, 
Will. Claybourne, then secretary, and Capt. Will. Tucker, one of the 
Council when these things were in agitation, are now in England 
and may inform the King therein. Many grievous complaints 
having been made against Dr. John Pott, a physician who was elected 
Governor after Capt. West's departure for England, has confined 
him to his plantation seven miles from James City, and proposes to 
proceed with the charges according to the King's instructions. Re- 
capitulates his previous letter [see ante p. 113, No. 83]. It has 
been agreed to plant Chesapeak, situate upon Pamonkey, next 
spring, whereby they will face their greatest enemy Appochan- 
keno and disable the savages. The colony has above 1,200 neat 
cattle, besides swine and goats, which he will by all means seek to 
preserve from the Indians. Desires that the customs of one ship of 
above 200 or 300 tons may be allowed him annually towards his 
charges. Incloses, 

93. i. The King to Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia. On 

his arrival in the colony he is especially charged to call 
for those instructions formerly sent by William Capps, to 
take an exact account of what has been done therein, and 
to examine into the " many complaints of many notable 
oppressions done there, especially to the said Wil. Capps." 
If any of the Council shall fall out to be offenders, to 
proceed the more roundly against them, their offences 
being of the worst example. Oatlands, 1629, Aug. 10. 

94. Governor Harvey to Secretary Dorchester. In favour of 
Capt. Sam. Mathews who has been one of the Council many years, 
and has solely undertaken the erection of a fort at Point Comfort, 
at the entrance of James river. Incloses copy of the King's letter, 
promising to reward all deserving planters, and requests, in Capt. 
Mathews' behalf, that he may have the customs of his own tobacco 
gained by his own industry, for one or two years, otherwise he must 
be a great loser in his undertaking. Incloses, 

94. I. The King to Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia. It 
is His Majesty's intention to take the Colony into his 
royal protection ; to confirm all lands and privileges 
formerly granted, having already assigned a proportion 
of 'money for maintenance of the Governor, and other 
public uses; and to reward all deserving planters. 
Mequires the Governor and Council " to cherish and 
respect such persons as intend to make Virginia their 
country ; " to return their commodities to England and 
not elseivhere ; to administer justice impartially ; and 
to see that certain instructions, signed by the Privy 
Council for the government of the plantation, are care- 
fully observed. Windsor, 1628, Sept. 12. [CopyJ] 



May 29. 95. Gov. Harvey to the Privy Council. Was unable to 
Virginia. attend to the affairs of the colony until the week before Easter, by 
reason of a long passage and dangerous sickness. He then called an 
Assembly at James City, when it was resolved to send to Chesapeak 
Bay to trade for corn, the colony being greatly in want of it. Measures 
have been taken to prevent a similar streight next year, and Dr. 
John Pott had been upon his arrival elected Gov. by the Council. 
Has confined him to his house at Harrope, to answer the charges of 
pardoning wilful murder, and reinvesting the murderer with his 
estate, after a legal condemnation. Sends samples of rape-seed and 
potashes. Has not had leisure to take a general muster of the 
colony. The inhabitants estimated at upwards of 2,500, neat 
cattle about ],200, besides large quantities of swine and goats. 
The Assembly have restrained the planting of tobacco by a third less 
than the preceding year. They have ordered an increase of corn to 
be sown ; and a fort to be erected at Point Comfort, for 12 or 16 
pieces of ordnance, which it is hoped will be mounted before Christ- 
mas next ; all to be at the expense of the colony. Complains of the 
merchants who buy their tobacco at less than Id. per Ib. and charge 
1 21. the ton for freight to England. Solicits some assistance towards 
his expenses. Incloses, 

95. i. Dr. John Pott's investment of Edward Wallis, late of 
Archer Hope, Virginia, condemned for wilful murder. 

95. II. Names of the Council on the arrival of [Sir John 
Harvey] in Virginia. Dr. John Pott, Governor, Capt. 
Sam. Mathews, and WiL Ferrar ; also, names of those 
who he has since sworn of the Council. Capt. John 
West, Hen. Finch, Christ. Cowling, Capt. Rich. Stephens, 
Capt. John Utie, and Capt. Nath. Basse. 

May ? 96. Mem. The French Ambassador desires that Capt. Kirke and 
his associates, who have broken open the warehouse where the 
beaver skins from Canada were deposited under the Admiralty 
seal, may be punished by imprisonment, and ordered to make 
restitution within three days of 6,000 skins, which they acknow- 
ledged to have brought from thence. French. 

May ? 97. English translation of the preceding. 

June 2. Minute of the Privy Council. Thos. Fittz, merchant, having been 

Whitehall, committed to the Fleet prison for embezzling beaver skins from 

a warehouse, the Attorney General is required to discover who were 

actors or abettors therein, and what monies Fittz had received 

for the sale of the skins. [Copy. Colonial Corresp., 1630 April 2.] 

June 16. Order of the Privy Council for the Attorney General to proceed 
against Thos. Fittz in the Star Chamber for " great contempt and 
affront of all authority and justice." He is to remain a prisoner 
in the Fleet, and not to be suffered to go abroad. [Copy. Colonial 
Corresp., 1630, April 2.] 



July 9. 


July 14. 


July 16. 


VOL. V. 

Order ol the Privy Council. The Lords having heard the 
Attorney General's report upon the examination of Thos. Fittz, 
he is to be permitted to go abroad with a keeper to perform 
what he has offered, particularly to deposit with the Lord Mayor 
the beaver skins which he had taken from the place where they 
were formerly deposited by order of the Board. [Copy. Colonial 
Corresp., 1630, April 2.] 

Order of the Privy Council upon the petition of Thos. Fittz, 
merchant, prisoner in the Fleet, who, having recovered all the beaver 
skins at great loss, prays to be discharged from imprisonment. Upon 
examination of the truth, the Attorney General is authorized to 
release the petitioner. [Copy. Colonial Corresp., 1630, April 2. 
This and the previous papers with this reference are attached, and 
endorsed by Sec. Dorchester, "Acts of Council concerning the business 
of Canada."] 

98. Governor Harvey to Sec. Dorchester. Sends petition to the 
King in favour of Dr. John Pott, who he found Governor, the only / 
physician in the colony and skilled in epidemical diseases. Has re- 
spited the censure until the King's pleasure should be known, 
more especially as sickness so much abounds amongst them. Entreats 
his furtherance of the same. Incloses, 

98. i. Petition of Sir John Harvey to the King. Sets forth 
the recommendation of the Council in favour of 
Dr. John Pott, who, found guilty of divers capital 
offences, his estate has become forfeit to His Majesty. 
Prays, in consideration of his long residence in the 
colony, his penitence, and the value of his services, that 
Dr. Pott may be pardoned and his estate be restored to 

July 16. 99. Petition of Sir John Harvey to the King. Copy of the 
preceding inclosure. Endorsed, " Per Mr. Shaw." 

July 29. 100. William Hele, Mayor of Plymouth, "and his brethren" to 
Plymouth, the Privy Council. A ship [the David] of Lubeck, Captain John 
Ire, has arrived from the West Indies with 300 English, taken by 
Don Frederico, the General at St. Christopher's, who, about a month 
since, put them aboard Ire's ship, with command to land them in 
England, and with a letter to the chief officer of the port where he 
should arrive for his respective usage. They landed 23rd inst., all 
naked and many sick ; those aMe to travel have been clothed and 
sent to their several places of abode, the residue will be taken care 
of during their sickness. Incloses, 

100. i. The letter of Don Frederico de Toledo, above referred to. 

100. II. Examination of Peter Starky of Cork. On Sept. 7, 1629, 
St. Christopher's was taken by 38 Spanish galleons and 
700 men and boys from, thence carried to Carthagena, 
where they arrived 18th Oct. The English were taken to 
the Havanna on 5th March 1630, and dispersed in 


1630. VOL - V " 

several Spanish vessels. Movements of the Dutch and 
Spanish fleets, the latter leaving the Havanna with 
sixteen English millions of gold and silver. All the 
English, save some few runagates, being 550, were put 
aboard two ships, the David of Lubeck, taking 300, and 
a Hamburgher the remainder. On 22 June, the Spanish 
General offered the English clothes if they would go to 
Spain, but they, desiring to go to England, could not 
obtain any. On 4<th July, these two vessels left the 
Spanish fleet between 33 and 34 degrees, and on 22 July, 
the Lubecker arrived at Plymouth, having lost the 
Hamburgher a week before at sea. 1630, July 29. 

[Aug.] 101. Notes in the handwriting of Sec. Lord Dorchester, upon 
the cause of Sir Wil. Tufton, Governor of Barbadoes. Apparently ab- 
stracts of examinations and letters containing an account of the 
conspiracies against Tufton's government, from his arrival in Sept. 

1629, with commission from Lord Carlisle, dated 25th May 1629, 
to be Governor for four years " upon good behaviour," to August 

1 630, when Tufton and " two others " were shot by martial law, by 
order of Capt. Haley, who also received a commission as Governor 
from Lord Carlisle on 15 March, 1630 with power to establish a 
Council, and depose Tufton " by force if need be." 

Sept. 9. 102. The Council of Scotland to the King. The pretended title 
llolyrood House. o f the French to New Scotland has been communicated to the 
States. They have presumed to make remonstrance thereon, and to 
supplicate the King seriously to take to heart the maintenance of 
his right to those lands ; and protect the undertakers in the peaceable 
possession of them. The States consider this a business which 
toucheth the King's honour, the credit of his native kingdom, and 
the good of his subjects interested therein. The particular reasons, 
in defence of His Majesty's right, are remitted to Sir Wil. Alexander, 
his secretary. [Copy.] Annexed, 

102. i. Reasons alleged by the Scottish Adventurers in defence 
of the King's right and title to Port Royal and the whole 
of Canada &c. Discovery by Sebastian Cabot. Colonies 
planted by M. M. Villegagnon and Rene Laudonni&re, 
from which they were expelled by the Spaniards. Planting 
of Virginia in the south, of New England in the north, 
and of New Scotland by Justice Popham. Settlement of 
Port Royal under M. Poutrincourt and subsequent dis- 
planting of the French by Sir Sam. Argoll " as having 
wrongfully intruded themselves." No complaint by 
France; His Majesty's title evidently thought good. 
Subsequent settleme7it of the French at Quebec, and their 
compulsory removal by a commission from King Charles. 
A Scotch colony planted at Port Royal, which had never 
been repossessed or claimed by the French since they were 
first removed from thence. Port Royal cannot be made 




Sept. ? 

VOL. V. 

liable to the articles of peace ; no act of hostility com- 
mitted thereby. Acknowledgment by the natives of King 
Charles's title, as also by Mons. de La Tour, Commander 
of the few remaining French at Port Royal. His 
Majesty's promise to protect them. The King's right to 
New Scotland founded therefore upon discovery, posses- 
sion by his own subjects, removal of the French, and La 
Tour's "turning Tenant." 

1 03. Petition of Capt. John Preen to the Privy Council. Eighteen 
months since he sold the Tryal of London to Capt. Will. Smith, for 
400., who was unable to complete the purchase, so that the peti- 
tioner is now setting her forth for Virginia with artificers for the 
good of the plantation. Capt. Smith having arrested the ship as his 
own, the petitioner prays that orders may be given to take his bail 
to answer the unjust arrest, and that the ship may be appraised by 
four of the Trinity House. 

104. Warrant of the Privy Council, upon petition of Captain 
John Preen, directing Sir Henry Marten to order four Masters of 
the Trinity House to appraise the Tryal of London, and take bail of 
Capt. Preen, and then suffer the ship with her passengers and 
lading to proceed on her intended voyage to Virginia. 

105. Mons. Belavene to Bos well. Hopes that Mons. Vassall 
has transmitted a memorial from Belavene to solicit Capt. Bourquier 
to engage salt workers [ouvriers de sel]. The Sieur de Sance' also 
undertook this business. Prays that God will bless and send them 
news of the first embarkation. No time to be lost about the next, 
if they wish to reap honour and profit. If the saltmen cannot be 
had from Plymouth, they must send at great expense to Rochelle, 
expressly for them. French. [See ante, p. 114, No. 88.] 

[Sept. 29.] 106. Petition of Samuel Aldersey, Matthew Cradock, Nath. 
Wright, Jo. Humphrey, and others on behalf of the Governor and 
Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England to the Privy 
Council. By letters patent of 4 March 1629 they were privileged to 
carry over men and provisions to begin and settle a plantation in 
those parts, and freely to import commodities from thence for seven 
years. The ships freighted this year for the plantation, carried more 
passengers than were expected, " many poor people pressing aboard/' 
with cattle, but no provisions ; and the petitioners, depending too 
much upon the industry of their servants, sent less victuals than 
were requisite. Through slothfulness and neglect in planting corn 
many have died, and the rest, about 1,000 persons, are afraid 
of being surprised by the savages, who have been supplied with 
guns, powder, and shot, by a most pernicious trade with interlopers. 
Pray for licence for one year, to transport necessary provisions for 
the sustenance of those residing upon the plantation. The country 
cannot supply them until the end of next summer. And that the 
proclamation of 6 Nov. 1022 [see ante, p. 33], for the pre- 

Sept. 15. 


Sept. 24. 



vention of disorderly trade, may be renewed. [On 29 Sept. 1630 
this petition was presented to the Privy Council, who granted licence 
for the exportation of certain provisions specified [see Council 
Register VI., p. 118], and on 24 Nov. following, the proclamation 
above referred to was renewed. Seep. 122.] 

[Sept. 29.] 107. Petition of Capt. William Smith to the Privy Council. In 
answer to a petition lately exhibited by Capt. John Preen against 
him for prejudicing Preen in an intended voyage to Virginia in the 
Tryal, upon which their Lordships have directed the ship to be 
appraised and given up to Preen. Prays in respect of the 
dependency of the cause in the Admiralty Court ; of the great 
sums of money due to the petitioner and 20 other poor men ; of his 
being damnified by Preen above 1,000?., and of Preen having pro- 
cured the order by false information ; that that order may be 
revoked, and the cause have a final hearing in the Admiralty Court. 
[On 29 Sept. 1630 the Privy Council ordered this petition to be 
referred to Sir Henry Marten for a final determination. See Council 
Register VI., p. 119.] 

Sept. 30. 108. The Privy Council to Gov. and Council of Virginia. Send 
a petition presented by the brother of Dr. Pott, " a man that hath 
been employed as you are," and require them to take it into con- 
sideration, and to give Dr. Pott a full hearing in such matters as he 
may be charged withal. Inclose, 

108. i. Petition of Elizabeth, on behalf of her husband Dr. John 
Pott, late Governor of Virginia, to the King. She has 
undertaken a long and dangerous voyage to appeal 
against the wrongs done her husband. The examination 
thereof having been debated before the Commissioners for 
Virginia in the hearing of Rich. Tape, an agent sent over 
by Governor Sir John Harvey, there appeared no proof 
to justify the proceedings against her husband's life or 
estate. Having with their family resided in the colony 
above ten years, prays that His Majesty will send letters to 
the Governor and Council of Virginia by the next ship, to 
restore her husband to his liberty and estate, or it will be 
another year before they can be known there. 

Oct. 109. [Mons. Belavene] to Boswell. Might muster with his friends, 

ten or twelve men, by engaging Capt. Borquier to go to Carolina, 
and will add ten or twelve more, which, joined with the other 
Frenchmen, would make some fifty or sixty men that Borquier 
would have under his command. The Capt. is indispensable to find 
two or three salt workers. Details respecting this proposition. 
It is understood that the " Seigneur of Carolina" allows the French 
the same privileges as the English. Should Capt. Borquier fail, 
Capt. Foran, who also lives at Plymouth, is proposed as a substitute. 
French. Endorsed, " Belavene, R d . 24 Nov. 1 630." 

Nov. 19. Minutes of a Meeting of Adventurers to the Islands of Providence 
Brooke House. an d Henrietta. To increase their former adventure from 200?. to 



500?. ; amounts to be paid by each. The first voyage of discovery 
undertaken in 1G29 by the Earl of Warwick, Sir Nath. Rich, and 
others, "which stood them in 2,000 and odd pounds" to be 
discharged out of the first proceeds from those islands; also the 
money already paid by those wishing to give up their shares. The 
Earl of Holland chosen Governor of the Company for the first year, 
John Dike, deputy, John Pym, treasurer, and Wil. Jessop, secre- 
tary. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 1, 2.] 

Nov. 20. Order of the Company of Adventurers to the Bahamas. Mr. St. 

Brooke House. John to be admitted a member. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 

P- 2.] 
Nov. 22. Minutes of a Meeting of the Company of Adventurers for Provi- 

Brooke House, dence Island. Lords Warwick and Brooke to undertake the care of 
providing arms and ammunition for the Company's use. Each 
adventurer to obtain as many men and boys as are willing to be 
employed in the Company's service ; to report their number to the 
deputy, who is to take care that as many as are thought good to be 
shipped be ready by 10 Jan. next. The first sort, labourers, to have 
half the profits of the land they cultivate, adventurers the other 
half; the second, artificers, to share also half their profits with the 
Company, or else be allowed meat and drink, and 51. a year wages ; 
and the third sort, the apprentices, above 14 years of age, to be 
taken for a term of years, and allowed meat, and drink, and clothes, 
during their apprenticeship, reasonable recompence to be given to 
those who " have any particular faculty." Artificers and labourers 
there to have the benefit of receiving such apprentices, upon 
paying for tools and clothes out of the Company's magazine. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 4, 5.] 

Nov. 23. Minutes as above. The government of the island of Providence 
Brooke House, to be settled upon Capt. Dan. Elfrith, " until the return of this ship 
from the colony,'' when Capt. Phil. Bell is to be appointed sole 
Governor. Acknowledgment of Capt. Elfrith's good services. Al- 
lowance to Capts. Bell and Elfrith during the first year of Bell's 
government. Ministers sent over to have the choice of a salary of 
40. a year, with meat and drink, until means are found to raise it 
to a greater value, or four servants and a quantity of ground. 
Capt. Elfrith to be Admiral, and next in precedence to the Governor ; 
Capts. Elfrith and Sam. Axe, Messrs. Rudyerd, Rous, and Hugh 
Price, " with such others as they should afterwards think of," to be 
the Council ; Sam. Axe, Capt. of Warwick Fort, already erected ; 
and Mr. Rudyerd to be Capt. of the Southern Fort when built, in 
the meantime to be Muster-Master General. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 2, 3.] 

Nov. 24. Proclamation forbidding disorderly trading with the savages in 
Whitehall. New England, especially furnishing the natives in those and other 
parts of America with weapons and habiliments of war. [Procla- 
mations, Car. I., No. 136.] 
[Nov. 24.] Minute of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 


1630. VoL ' V ' 

Nov. 25. Minutes of a Meeting of Adventurers for Providence Island. 
Warwick House. Capt. Elfrith to have but three-fifths of the tobacco allowed him at" 
the last meeting, and Capt. Sam. Axe the remaining two-fifths. 
Six apprentices to be sent over at the sole charge of the Company 
to Capt. Axe, as a reward for his services as Deputy Governor, &c. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IIL, pp. 3, 4.] 

Dec. 2. Minutes as above. Sir Nath. Rich, John Pym, and John Dike 
Warwick House. to be kept harmless for two bonds of 300?. a-pieee for the Com- 
pany's use. Christ. Sherland to be admitted an adventurer in the 
room of Gabriel Barber. Committee appointed for furtherance of 
the voyage now in hand. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 5.] 

Dec. 4. Patent to Robt. Earl of Warwick, Hen. Earl of Holland, Wil. 
Lord Say and Sele, Robt. Lord Brooke, John Roberts, Sir Ben. 
Rudyerd, Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Sir Edw. Harwood, Sir Nath. Rich, 
Sir Edm. Mountford, John Pym, Rich. Knightley, Christ. Sherland, 
Oliver St. John, John Gourden, Gregory Cawsell, John Dike, John 
Grant, and others hereafter to be joined with them, of incorpora- 
tion by the name of the Governor and Company of Adventurers for 
the Plantation of the Islands of Providence, Henrietta, and the 
adjacent islands, between 10 and 20 degrees of North latitude and 
290 and 310 degrees of longitude. The Earl of Holland to be first 
Governor of the Company ; John Dike, of London, merchant, Deputy, 
who in future is to be elected in every Easter term. Power to hold 
a court on the last Thursday of each term for ever, to be styled 
" the General Court of the Company," to ordain forms of govern- 
ment, and elect officers for the Company and colony ; hold ordinary 
courts at all times, make laws, erect forts, towns, &c. ; appoint 
officers, and ordain magistrates, judges, &c. ; to have full jurisdiction 
of life and death ; transport men, women, and children, unless the 
King " shall expressly forbid any particular person or persons to 
the contrary ; " repel by force of arms all invaders ; execute martial 
law ; sole trade and right of habitation ; erect mints ; appoint a 
mint master, to strike into coin whatever metals, except gold 
and silver, and in what quantities and forms the Company shall 
appoint to be current among the inhabitants of those islands only ; 
administer the oaths of supremacy and allegiance ; the inhabi- 
tants resident and born there to be free denizens. The King 
promises to give his assent to these letters patent in case they are 
confirmed by Parliament. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 1-10.] 

Dec. 4. Minutes of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

"Countrey. Written by a reverend Divine now there resident. 
London. Printed by T. C. and R. C. for Michael Sparke, dwelling 
at the signe of the Blew Bible in Greene Arbor, in the little Old 
Bailey. 1630." Imperfect. [16 pp. and a Preface, signed M. /&] 


VOL. V. 

1630? 111. Propositions addressed to the King for a plantation upon an 
island not named, but described as seven leagues in length and five in 
breadth. Good climate, healthy, and fertile soil. Its present com- 
modities enumerated, as well as those that should be planted, and the 
several sorts of victuals it affords. Good store of horses. Strength 
of the island ; only two harbours, one capable of receiving 1 00 great 
ships. Advantages of a plantation, convenient to receive a fleet that 
has a design in any leeward part of the Indies, as Carthagena, Porto- 
bello, the Bay of Honduras, Hispaniola, Cuba, or Jamaica. About 
500 inhabitants, including women, Negroes, and Indians. Will 
maintain above 4,000 persons without any supply from England. 
Means necessary to take and secure possession. Three of the whelps 
with other vessels, 500 landsmen, and as many seamen required, at 
a cost of 12,000?. Compared with other plantations. Of all those 
southern the most important, and of necessary consequence to annoy 
the King of Spain in the Indies ; and without exception the most 
honourable, serviceable, and profitable to the King and the common- 

1630 ? 112. Complaint of certain adventurers and inhabitants of New 
England, of the seizure of their ship the Fortune, by a French man 
of war, Capt. Fontenau de Pennart, who took Thomas Barton, 
master, and the rest of the Company prisoners to the Isle of Rlie', 
where the Marquis de Cera, the Governor, pillaged all their goods 
in beaver skins, &c., to the value of 500?., and treated them with 
the greatest indignities for thirteen days, when they were discharged. 

1630-36. Notes concerning Virginia ; Sir John Harvey Governor. Upon 
his arrival no other commodity but tobacco in the colony ; great 
want of corn. Dr. Pott, his predecessor, elected by the people, 
noted for his covetousness and pardoning wilful murder. Harvey 
began to plant rapeseed and potatoes. Upwards of 2,500 inhabitants. 
Order made for planting one third part less of tobacco, which was 
sold at less than Id. per Ib. [Minute. Colonial Corresp., 1609, 
p. I.] 

Vol. VI. 16311633. 

Jan. ? 1. The Privy Council to the Earl of Carlisle. The great abuse of 

tobacco, to the enervation of both body and courage, is so notorious 
that the King has directed the planting of it to be limited in St. 
Christopher's, Barbadoes, and all places under Carlisle's command, 
until such time as more staple commodities may be raised there. 
No other than sweet, wholesome, and well packed up tobacco to be 
exported, and that delivered at the port of London only. [Draft, in 
Sec. Coke's hand.] 



Jan. ? 

Jan. ? 

[Jan. 6.] 


2. The Privy Council to the Governor and Company of the Somers 
Islands. Considering the care taken to settle their government, and 
encourage the inhabitants to plant real commodities, the King 
marvels that they apply themselves wholly to tobacco, and requires 
them not to plant so much as they have hitherto done. Every 
planter to have his proportion limited. Directions for exportation. 
[Draft, in Sec. Coke's hand.] 

3. [The Privy Council] to the Governor of Virginia. The King, 
careful to encourage and support the plantation, has long expected 
some better fruit than tobacco and smoke to be returned from thence. 
[Gov. Harvey] is therefore directed to consider what quantity of 
tobacco is necessary for their support next year ; to rate every 
planter accordingly, and not suffer him to exceed his proportion. 
Inclose copy of His Majesty's proclamation, so that he may under- 
stand the care taken for regulating that drug. [Draft, in Sec. Coke's 
hand.] Inclose, 

3. i. Proclamation setting forth the speedy ruin likely to befal 
the colonies of Virginia, the Somers Islands, and other 
foreign plantations, and the danger to the bodies and 
manners of the English people through the excessive growth 
of tobacco, prohibiting the planting or selling of any 
within the dominions of England and Ireland, and re- 
stricting the cultivation of it in the plantations, and 
the importation of it to any other port than London. 
Whitehall, 163 1, Jan. 6. [Proclamations, Car. I., No. 138.] 

The Privy Council to the Farmers and Officers of Customs. In- 
close the King's proclamation against planting tobacco in any part 
of the kingdom. His Majesty has laid a new imposition upon the 
importation of all foreign tobacco. Spanish will pay 2s. per Ib. ; 
St. Christopher's, Barbadoes, and other islands in those parts, 12c?. 
per Ib. ; and tobacco from Virginia and the Somers Islands, 9d. per 
Ib. In order to lessen the importation by limitation of place, it is 
not to be received anywhere but at the port of London. [DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Car. /.] 

Minute of a Court for Providence Island. Sir Thos. Barrington 
admitted into the Company ; his adventure of 200., to be paid to 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 7.] 

Commission from the Gov. and Comp. of Providence Island,, 
appointing Capt. Wil. Rudyerd Chief Commander of all passengers 
in the Seaflower, bound for that plantation. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., p. 23.] 

The Comp. of Adventurers of Providence Island to Capt. Dan. 
Elfrith, Governor. Have appointed his son-in-law, Capt. Phil. 
Bell, to the government, because of his experience as Governor of 
the Somers Islands. To have a twentieth part of the tobacco made 
the first year in the island for his salary ; two fifths to be allowed 

Jan. 21. 
Mr. Dike's 

house, J o hn Pym, treasurer. 

Bilhter Lane. ' 

Feb. 2. 

Feb. 7. 



1631. VOL ' VL 

Capt. Sam. Axe, Governor during Elfrith's absence, and who has 
taken great pains about the fort and other works upon the island. 
Promises of future reward some other way. Are resolved as yet 
not to make any division of the land, nor to grant estates of any 
part of it until they have had more experience. Desire to know 
how he and the Governor will be best satisfied. Have sent him six 
servants to work at halves. Refer him to Gov. Bell's instructions, 
and intreat him to go on cheerfully with what he has begun. {Co- 
lonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 22.] 

Feb. 7. Commission from the Company of Adventurers for the Islands of 
Providence, Henrietta, &c., appointing Capt. Phil. Bell Governor 
thereof during pleasure. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV. p. 11.] 

tfeb. 7. Instructions to the Governor and Council of Providence Island, 
In 35 Articles, the heads of which may be abstracted as follows : 
Capt. Dan. Elfrith, Capt. Sam. Axe, and Lieut. Hugh Price, resident 
there, also Capt. Wil. Rudyerd, Wil. Rous, and John Hunt, to be 
the Council. Oaths to be taken by the Governor, Council, and every 
planter above 16 years of age. The Governor to have an absolute 
negative voice. Lewis Morgan to be the Minister of the whole 
Colony, " until we send you more," with an allowance of 40. a year 
and his lodging and diet provided by the inhabitants, until some 
more liberal contribution be resolved on. The people to be dis- 
tributed into families, whereof one to be the chief, to whom only 
is to be delivered stores out of the Company's magazine. Thos. 
Fitch and Thos. Jenks appointed clerks of the stores. A new fort, 
to be called Fort Henry, to be built on the south-west side of the 
island by Capt. Sam. Axe, who is also to be employed in all other 
works of fortification. Capt. Dan. Elfrith to be Admiral of the 
island, and have precedence next to the Governor. Capt. Wil. Rudyerd 
appointed Capt. of Fort Henry and Muster Master General, to rank 
next. Every man to plant twice as much corn as will supply his 
own family. Excess of tobacco prohibited, which, if practised, 
" will cause us wholly to forbid it." Liberal rewards to those who 
introduce any staple commodity. Particular instructions for the 
Government deferred until a full account of the state of the colony 
has been received. Capital offences to be proceeded in by way of 
jury, as well as civil and criminal causes of great importance. A 
convenient church and commodious houses for the Governor and 
Minister to be built. Promise of a settlement on " Andera," now 
called Henrietta, and other adjacent islands. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., pp. 12-18.] 

Feb. 7. Company of Adventurers of Providence Island to Capt. Ph. Bell, 
London. Governor. Wil. Tanner, captain of the Seaflower, will deliver to him 
his commission and instructions. His election was unanimous. 
Requested to make his own propositions for his salary. No division 
of the land as yet to be made, the profits being equally divided 
between the adventurers and planters. Six servants sent to him 
at the Company's expense at half profits; Governor Bell to find 




Feb. 10. 


Feb. 14. 



their diet and apparel. Send a tipstaff, described as an ensign of 
his government. Would more gladly have sent over " a more grave 
and experienced man," for minister than Lewis Morgan, whom they 
commend as a very sufficient scholar for his time, and a studious and 
sober man. Reasons why no other ministers go over. Direct that 
parsonage houses be erected ; the minister to be lodged and dieted in 
the Governor's house while he continues a single man. Special 
instructions for setting up God's ordinances. Explain why Mr. 
Ward, a minister of the Somers Islands, was not sent over. Desire 
that the passengers of the Seaflower be carefully provided for. 
Urge the fortifying of the island, and the planting of provisions. 
The cultivation of " that scurvy weed tobacco" prohibited, to the 
neglect of staple commodities. Every master of a family to build 
a substantial house, conveniently large to entertain as many more 
people. General directions for employment of the people. The 
colours, ordnance, powder, &c. sent to be well cared for ; further 
supplies will soon be dispatched. Desire that the Dutch who are 
on the island may be so respected that they have no cause of com- 
plaint, but they are only to have interest in land as occupiers and 
manurers. Request information as to their condition, religion, &c. ; 
none to be allowed to leave the island until it is fully fortified and 
peopled. Deny the first planters the whole benefit of their last 
year's labours, for reasons set forth ; but special regard is promised 
to them " that have broke the ice/' Conditions upon which liberty 
to return home will be granted. Send a small token as a remem- 
brance of their good affections. [Colonial Entry Ek., Vol. IV., 
pp. 19-21.] 

Minutes of a General Court for Providence Island. Capt. Bell's 
commission read and confirmed, also instructions to the Gov. and 
Council, and letters to Capts. Bell and Elfrith. John Pym settled in 
the place of treasurer until the next election day. Gabriel Barber 
admitted an adventurer ; and Sir Thos. Barrington's admission 
confirmed. Upon petition of Lewis Morgan, elected minister of the 
colony, ordered that 201. advanced to him by the Company for the 
purchase of books and other necessary provisions should be a free 
gift. A dinner (l not exceeding the value of 40s." to be provided 
for the Company at every General Court. The Company to stand 
engaged for the discharge of a bond of Rich. Caswell. Wil. Hird 
to have leave to take his wife over with him ; no other woman goes in 
the same ship, and as yet there is no woman at all in the island. 
Articles between the Company and Lewis Morgan, minister, and 
between the Company and Jas. Gardner, barber-surgeon, sealed. 
[Colonial Entry Ek. t Vol. III., pp. 7-10.] 

Minutes as above. Accounts of the Company. Divers ways 
for raising money propounded. Capt. Rudyerd's commission read 
and confirmed ; also a " charter part " between the Company 
and John Tanner for a ship to transport passengers to the island. 
Finance. [Colonial Entry Bk. t Vol. III., pp. 10-12.] 




Feb. 26. 4. Petition of Sir Wil. Alexander, Capt. David Kirke, and others, 
Adventurers in the Company of Canada, to the Admiralty. The 
King granted them commission some three years ago to plant 
colonies in the river of Canada, to displant those who were 
enemies in those lands, and to trade with the natives. Are 
informed that divers ships are bound thither, particularly 
the Whale of London, masters Rich. Brewerton and Wolston 
Goslyn, contrary to that commission and greatly to the petitioners' 
prejudice. Pray that such vessels may be stayed or sufficient 
assurance given that they will prosecute no such voyage. Under- 
written is a reference to Sec. Dorchester to examine the parties, and 
if they have intention to go into those parts, to order that they be 
stayed as is desired. 

[Feb. 29.] 5. Warrant for the stay of certain ships bound to Canada con- 
Whitehall, trary to a commission granted to Sir Will. Alexander, Jarvis Kirke, 
and others, who have been at great charges in settling and main- 
taining a colony and fort within those bounds. Endorsed by Sec. 
Dorchester, " Conceit of a letter for hinderance of men going to 
Canada, desired by Sir W. Alexander." See above. 

[Feb. 29.] 


March 1. 

March 1. 

March 1. 

G. Copy of the preceding. 

The King to Attorney General Heath. To prepare a bill to pass 
the Privy Seal, by advice of the Privy Council, declaring the King's 
pleasure that henceforth ninepence be collected for duties upon every 
pound of tobacco imported of the growth of Virginia and the 
Somers Islands, and twelvepence upon every pound of the growth 
of the Caribbee Islands ; that is threepence per pound for custom to 
the farmers or their deputies, and the sums of sixpence and nine- 
pence per pound to the receivers appointed by the King. If the 
tobacco be again exported within one year, the duties to be repaid to 
the owners. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car /.] 

Bill to pass the Privy Seal declaring a duty of threepence per 
pound as customs and sixpence per pound as impost upon every pound 
of tobacco of the growth of Virginia and the Somers Islands, and a 
duty of threepence per pound as customs and ninepence per pound 
as impost upon the growth of St. Christopher's and other the Caribbee 
islands. [Sign Manual, Car. /., Vol. XII.] 

7. Petition of Daniel Gookin, gent., to the King. Has been many 
years a great well wisher to the new plantations and a planter and 
adventurer in most of them. Is credibly informed that there is a 
certain island between 50 and 55 deg. N. L., distant about 300 
leagues from the Blasques in Ireland, which has been discovered in 
part and named Saint Brandon, or the Isle de Verd, likely to 
produce many valuable commodities. Prays for a patent under 
the Great Seal for planting and enjoying that island and any others 
adjacent, with similar privileges to those granted to Sir William 


1631. VOL ' VL 

Alexander in Nova Scotia. Underwritten is a reference by Sec. 

Coke that it is the King's pleasure that Mr. Attorney prepare a 
grant as desired. Annexed, 

7. i. Particular instructions to' be put in the patent for Daniel 
Gokein, alias Gookin. Free exportation of all manner of 
live cattle; the patent to be renewed after discovery of 
the island or islands ; the King to take but the 10th part 
of silver or gold mines discovered. 

[March 5.] 8. Petition of John Smart, of Plymouth, to the King. Sir Will. 
Alexander, son to Sir Will., Principal Sec. for Scotland, Jarvis Kirke, 
Robt. Charlton, and Will. Berkeley having obtained His Majesty's, 
licence for discovery, fishing, and trade on the south side of the 
river of Canada, the petitioner prays for a licence for the discovery 
of a further plantation on the north side. 

[March 5.] 9. Another copy of the preceding. 

March 24. 10. Power of Attorney from William Bos well to Peter L'Amy to 
receive all dues and profits accruing from the plantation of Carolina. 

April 2. 11. Governor Harvey to Sec. Dorchester. Complains of the 
Virginia, miserable state in which he lives through the waywardness and 
opposition of the Council, who dispute his authority, averring he 
can do nothing but what they shall advise, and that his power 
extends no further than a bare casting voice. Can discern nothing 
in them but factions, seeking to gain their own ends. Instances the 
case of a dispute arising out of the gift of a calf by Capt. Will. 
Peirce to a servant. Prays that the King will strengthen his com- 
mission and that the duty of Governor and of Councillors may be 
distinguished. Implores him to compassionate his wants "being 
thereby made contemptible." Has not received one farthing for his 
relief since his departure from England. 

[May 2.] 12. Brief declaration of the number of beaver skins brought by 
Capt. David Kirke and his company from Canada in 1629, and of 
the surrender of the fort of Quebec. A recapitulation of the several 
depositions calendared under date of 9th and 17th Nov. 1629 ; it is 
endeavoured to reconcile the difference between the English arid 
French depositions as to the number of the skins. [Sec. Dorchester 
states on an endorsement that this paper was brought to him by 
one of the Canada Company. See p. 130, No. 15.] 

[May 2.] 13. Copy of the preceding with two trifling additions. 

[May 16.] Mem. that William Clobery, John de la Barre, and David Moore- 
head, set to sea Capt. Wil. Claybourne, on -a discovery to the Isle 
of Kent, purchased by them of the inhabitants, but Lord Baltimore 
having comprehended the island within his patent, they desire the 
King to determine it. [Minute. Colonial Corresp., 1609, p. 4. 
See Vol. VIII. , No. 32, Inclosure i.] 




May 19. Minutes of a General Court for Providence Island. Auditors 
Warwick House, appointed. Debate, whether the number of adventurers should be 
increased from 20 to 24, resolved in the negative. Orders concerning 
the future admission of adventurers, payments, and general busi- 
ness of the Company agreed to. Geo. Needham's tobacco from the 
island of Henrietta, to be bought by the Company. Relief granted 
to the wives of John Tanner, employed in the Company's service, 
and of Wil. Hurd, gone to the plantation. A committee ap- 
pointed to treat with the agents for a colony of about 150 persons 
settled on Tortuga. The Earl of Holland elected Governor, John 
Dike, Deputy ; John Pym, Treasurer ; and Wil. Jessop, Sec. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 12-19.] 

May 24. 14. Earl of Dorset to Attorney General Heath. To prepare a 
Greenwich, bill appointing Edward Earl of Dorset, Henry Earl of Danby, 
Dudley Viscount Dorchester, Sec. Sir John Coke, Sir John Danvers, 
Sir Bobt. Killigrew, Sir Thos. Roe, Sir Robt. Heath, Mr. Recorder 
[Heneage Finch], Sir Dudley Diggs, Sir John Wolstenholme, Sir 
Fras. Wyatt, Sir John Brooke, Sir Kenelm Digby, Sir John Zouch, 
John Banks, Thos. Gibb, Nath. Rott [Wrote ?], Mr. Sands, John 
Wolstenholme, Nicholas Ferrar, Mr. Barber and John Ferrar, or any 
four of them, Commissioners for advising upon some course for 
establishing the advancement of the plantation of Viginia. With 
power to consider how the plantation formerly stood, what com- 
modities have been advanced, which are the most profitable, and 
the present state of the colony. Their report to be submitted to 
the King, with propositions to 'encourage adventurers and planters 
to the colony. 

May 24. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Upon the proper 
Brooke House, course of treating with those seated " on the Tortugas." Reasons 
why a committee was propounded to do so on the most easy con- 
ditions, and instructions, which are given at length, agreed on for 
their guidance. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 19,20.] 

May 24. Minute of an Ordinary Court for Providence Island. The offer 
Brooke House, made by the planters settled upon Tortuga by their agents, John 
Hart and Robt. Wormeley, is considered and referred to a Committee 
of the Company, with power to treat and make agreements with the 
agents, but not to engage the adventurers in more than 30?. apiece. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 21.] 

May 27? 15. Examination of Capt. David Kirke before Sir Hen. Marten. 
Was employed chief commander in two voyages to Canada ; in 1628 
at the charge of his late father Gervase Kirke and other merchants 
of London, and in 1629 at that of Sir Wil. Alexander the younger, 
Gervase Kirke and their partners. Took possession of all Canada, 
except Quebec, in the first voyage ; in the last of Quebec, but knew 
not, at the time, of the peace between England and France. Had 
commission to expel the French from that country. Was assaulted 
by a French pinnace, Emery De Caen, commander, who killed two 



of Kirke's company and wounded 12 or 16 others. In trading with 
the natives and the French for victuals, he obtained the beaver skins 
now under sequestration by the Admiralty. The French sold 
between 700 and 800 in England. When the fort surrendered, there 
was only one tub of bitter roots. Fed at least 100 French for three 
or four months, and further freighted and victualled a ship in which 
he sent them from England to France. [This paper is referred to in 
the " Brief Declaration" [ante, 2 May, No. 12], it would therefore 
appear that there was some mistake in the date, which is, however, 
clearly written.] 

[May.] 16. Petition of Henry Earl of Holland and his associates to the 
King. His Majesty, by letters patent, granted to the Governor 
and Company of Adventurers of Westminster for the plantation of 
Providence, Henrietta, and the adjacent islands, the plantation 
of them and all other islands lying between 290 and 310 degrees of 
longitude and 10 and 20 of northerly latitude. Pray for an enlarge- 
ment of their grant " only of 3 or 4 degrees of northerly latitude," 
to avoid all doubts as to whether one of the islands [Tortuga] taken 
above a year past, and now inhabited by more than a hundred 
persons, is contained in their former grant. On the outer side 
Sec. Dorchester has written that the King, out of his favour to the 
petitioner, and a willingness to augment foreign plantations, is 
pleased to enlarge th^ patent as desired, and Mr. Attorney General 
is requested to prepare a bill for His Majesty's signature, provided 
there is no former grant. Greenwich, 30 May 1631. 

June 15. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. An oath for the 
officers of the Company agreed upon: Mr. Treasurer [John Dike] 
reported that the planters upon the Island of Tortuga desired the 
Company to take them under their protection, and to be at the 
charge of their fortification, in consideration of a twentieth part 
of the commodities raised there yearly. General agreement that 
they be taken under the Company's protection ; that they have 
six pieces of ordnance and ammunition, sent over at the Com- 
pany's charge ; and that six of the Adventurers for that island be 
admitted into the Company so far as regards the business of Tortuga 
only. Debated and a resolution passed that besides the intended 
supply of ammunition, a magazine of provisions and a number of 
men should be sent with convenient speed, for the relief and advance- 
ment of the Colony there. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 21-23.] 

June 16* Minutes of a Court for the Isle of Tortuga. The most convenient 
Warwick wa y o f sending men and goods debated, also a course for raising 
money for the necessary supplies. Each adventurer, names are 
given, to contribute 701. Mr. Hart to be employed in hiring a ship 
for the voyage and in buying necessary provisions. Capt. Wil. 
Rudyerd, unable to go the last voyage to Providence Island, to be 
captain of the men sent to Tortuga, Wil. Rons, lieut., and Robt. 
Wormely, ensign ; persons going over to have half the profits of 
their labours, and the Company of Adventurers the other half. Most 





Juno 23. 



June 27. 



beneficial to take over apprentices who will serve their time for 
meat, drink, and apparel, and after their term receive half profits of 
the land set out for them. Wages of artificers, surgeons and others., 
that do special service in the Colony. Robt. Wormeley to have the 
oversight of six now going over. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 24-27.] 

Minutes of a Court for the Isle of Tortuga. Orders of 16th June 
last touching a large supply for Tortuga discussed and confirmed. 
As to hiring a ship, the former resolution is suspended and report 
ordered upon the fitness of a pinnace of 60 tons with five pieces of 
ordnance, belonging to the Earl of Warwick. Mr. Hart to proceed 
in furnishing a magazine for the colony in Tortuga. Finance. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 27-29.] 

Minutes as above. A new proposition to defer sending any 
quantity of provisions to Tortuga until next Spring discussed and 
various resolutions moved. Upon some ship ready bound to St. 
Kitt's or Nevis, there might be sent a shallop in pieces, with all 
tilings necessary and a quantity of clothes, shoes, and tools, for 
supply of the colony. The shallop to be built at Nevis, the supplies 
put aboard there, and commanded by Robt. Wormeley who will 
inform the colony of the articles agreed on by their agents. When 
the planters have resolved and the Company are informed of the 
state of the colony, they will proceed further in that business. Mr. 
Hart to forbear spending more money in supplies. Final re- 
solutions at the next meeting. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 

July 1 . Minutes as above. Objections against the present dispatch of a 
Mr. Gardiner's ship with men and provisions discussed ; resolved that the ordnance, 
i louse. some men, and a magazine of good proportion, be sent with all 
possible speed. The hire or purchase of a ship and all details and 
directions connected with the voyage, to be left to a standing Com- 
mittee of such adventurers as are in town. Each adventurer to 
pay to Mr. Treasurer 70. according to a former order, by 15 July 
at furthest. The Company agree to buy of Geo. Needham all 
his tobacco made at Henrietta Island, at 12d per lb. [Colonial 
Entry Bk. } Vol. III., pp. 31-33.] 

July 4. 17. The King's Act for abandoning Port Royal and delivering it 
Greenwich. U p to the French King. Latin. [Copy, see p. 152, No. 56.] 

July 6. Minutes of a Committee for the Isle of Tortuga. John Hart 

Mr. Treasurer's having compounded on behalf of the Company, for hire of the 

lodging. Little Hope well of London, for the intended voyage to the island of 

Association, the agreement is approved. The provisions Mr. Hart 

hopes to have ready in 14 days, and the ship at Gravesend within 

three weeks ; Matthew Harbottle appointed master, and other 

officers chosen. Resolved that Tortuga should be henceforth called 

the Isle of Association ; Capt. Hilton commissioned Governor, and 

Capt. Christ. Wormeley to succeed him in case of his death or absence. 




The Council, Admiral, Capt. of the Fort to be erected, and Muster- 
Master Gen., and other officers in the island are also appointed, and 
heads of instructions ordered to be drawn out. [Colonial Entry Bh, 
Vol. III., pp. 33-35.] 

July 21. Minutes of a Committee for the Isle of Association. Commissions 
Warwick House, to Capts. Hilton, Wormeley, and Rudyerd, with instructions and 
letters from the Company, are read and confirmed. Resolutions 
touching the supply of Providence Island ; the discharge of two 
bonds by the Treasurer on behalf of the Company ; and the return 
of the Seaflower to England. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 35, 36.] 

July 21, 


July 25. 

Oat lands. 

The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council 
there. The ship in which they send a supply to the Island of Asso- 
ciation (heretofore called Tortuga), will leave Capt. Wil. Rudyerd 
and Lieut. Rous in Providence. Require them to receive the for- 
mer as Muster-Master General of the island, and capt. of the new 
fort, to be built at the south-west entrance, Lieut. Rous his lieut., 
and both to be sworn of the Council. Also to send word how John 
Tanner, who had charge of the men and magazine lately sent 
thither in the Seaflower, has delivered them ; and every other infor- 
mation about the colony, the good of which they intend to prosecute 
by all the means they may. [Colonial Entry Bh, Vol. IV., p. 23.] 

18. The King to Sir John Harvey, Gov. of Virginia. Upon due 
consideration of the penitence of Dr. John Pott, and of the necessary 
use the King's subjects may have of him, he being the only physician 
in the colony, His Majesty is pleased to pardon and restore him 
to his estates. [Draft. The King was at Oatlands on 25th 
July 1631, which date is repeated twice on the document. See, 
however, the report of the Virginia, Commissioners, 20th Aug. 
following, No. 20.] 

July 27. 19. [Sec. Dorchester] to [Sir John Harvey, Gov. of Virginia]. 
Westminster. His letters of 16th July [1630] were received on 9th February last. 
The King is pleased, at Sir John's instance, to pardon Dr. Pott, the 
late Governor, and to pass by his hand this act of clemency. As- 
surances of Dorchester's readiness to assist him, and begs he will 
send him a map of the country, " with the exactest description he 
can make to represent it to their knowledge, who cannot view it 

Aug. 20. 20. Report of the Virginia Commissioners to the King. Are not 
able to give a perfect account of the state of Dr. Pott's business, the 
records of the proceedings not having been sent over, but "upon 
this superficial hearing," are of opinion that condemning him of 
felony was very rigorous, if not erroneous. Recommend that he may 
be restored to liberty and to his estate, upon caution to follow his 

Aug. 20. 21. Copy of the above. 



Aug.? 22. Memorial signed by Wil. Byland, on behalf of Elizabeth 
Pott, to Sec. Coke. Recapitulates proceedings on the petitions of 
Gov. Harvey and Eliz. Pott, and certifies that the Virginia Com- 
missioners were of opinion that Dr. Pott had been rigorously, if not 
erroneously dealt with. Renews the request of Eliz. Pott, that 
orders may be sent by the next ship to restore her husband to 
liberty and his estates. 

Aug. ? 23. [Capt. Louis ?] Kirke to [Emery De Caen]. Has heard from 
Mons. TEspinay all that has taken place. Would have been highly 
gratified if he had come in any other fashion, or that he [Kirke] 
had been his prisoner. Hears that their two Kings are agreed. 
Complimentary. French. Annexed, 

23. I. Certificate of Emery De Caen, Commander of the Bon Dieu 
by commission from Card. Richelieu ; concerning his 
coming to Quebec, for the purpose of trading with the 
Huronsfor furs. 

1631 ? 24. Petition of Capt. Walter Neale to the King. Refers to the 
approbation of the Commander of the King's late army, and prays 
for the appointment of Marshal in Virginia with an allowance of 
20s. per diem out of the Customs arising from the commodities of 
that country, that he may have means- to plant some people of his 
own there. 

Aug. ? 25. Petition of Serjeant-Major Donne to the King. Was appointed 
and filled the places of Muster-Master General and Marshal of Vir- 
ginia from the time of his going over with Sir John Harvey until 
employed by Gov. Harvey as agent for the colony, to prosecute those 
persons that were lately seditious and disturbed the peaceable 
government, but is now returning to his charge. Prays for a con- 
firmation under the Great Seal of the office which he has filled these 
two years past. 

Aug. ? 26. The King to [the Gov. of Virginia] confirming Serjeant Major 
Donne about returning to Virginia as a member of the Council and 
Muster-Master General, and recommending him to favour " as a 
person that we esteem," and hath well discharged the trust com- 
mitted to him. [Draft, with corrections^ 

Sept. 6. Minutes of a Meeting for Providence Island. Resolutions in 
anticipation of the arrival of the Seaflower from Providence ; to 
send a messenger to take an invoice of the goods and all letters, 
whether in the master's or other men's hands ; to give orders for the 
landing of passengers according to their discretion ; to open general 
letters to the Company and private letters to themselves. Further 
orders also agreed to, respecting letters to the absent adventurers ; 
and the assay, unlading, and disposal of the ship's goods. {Colonial 
Entry M., Vol. III., pp. 36-38.] 


1631. VOL. VI. 

Oct. 14. 27. Order of the Privy Council. Upon complaint of Capt. Kirko 
and others, adventurers to Canada, that John Baker, Jas. Ricroft, Capt. 
Eustace Man, Henry West, and others, had, as interlopers, presumed 
to trade in those parts to the great damage of the adventurers ; the 
cause was partly heard, and in general appeared to be true ; but divers 
particulars being objected to, the further examination is referred to 
Serj. Berkeley, Sir Wil. Beecher, and Ed. Nicholas, and the persons 
complained of, ordered to give bond not to send any more ships 
thither to trade, without licence. 

Nov 3. 28. Grant, by indenture, of the Council for New England to Sir 
Ferd. Gorges, Capt. John Mason, and their associates John Cotton, 
Henry Gardner, Geo. Griffith, Edwin Guy, Thos. Wannerton, Thos. 
Eyre, and Eliezer Eyre, of the house and plantations situate at 
Piscataqua, lately belonging to Capt. Walter Neale. [Copy.~\ 

Nov. 3. Abstract and Minute of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1620, 

Nov. 3.] 

1631, Nov. 4 29. Minutes of the Council for New England. The entries will be 
to found calendared in their proper chronological order, 

1638, Nov. 1. 

Nov. 4. Minutes of the Council for New England. Patents sealed for Sir 

Warwick House Ferd. Gorges, Capt. Jolm Mason, and their associates, containing a 

llolborn.] graut of Ca p t Neale's plantation ; for Capt. Thos. Cammock, of New 

England, of 1,500 acres of land on the east side of Blackpoint River ; 

and for Richard Bradshaw, of New England, of 1,500 acres. The 

considerations are set forth for which these patents are granted. 

[See preceding No.] 

Nov. 21. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. John Pym, Treasurer, 
Brooke House, reports upon the state of the accounts, and resolutions are passed 
that they be audited by the next General Court. Each adventurer 
desired to contribute his best advice for procuring some plants from 
the East India Company " for the enriching of the island." [Colo- 
nial Entry Ek., Vol. IIL, pp. 38, 39.] 

Nov. 22. Proclamation forbidding any one to trade to Guinea, Binney, 
St. James's. an d Angola, except Sir Rich. Young, Sir Ken. Digby, Geo. Kirke, 
Hump. Slaney, Nich. Crispe, and Wil. Clobery, to whom the King 
has granted letters patent for the sole privilege of trading to those 
parts for thirty-one years, having annulled their former letters 
patent granted by King James. [Proclamations, Car. /., No. 148.] 

Nov. 24. Minutes of a General Court for Providence Island. A resolution 
Brooke House, agreed to and a standing Committee appointed for perusal of the 
Secretary's notes, and to determine in what form they shall be 
recorded. Mr. Hart's accounts approved, and a legal acquittance 
from the Company ordered to be drawn up. The commissions, instruc- 
tions, and letters sent to the Island of Association by the Little 
Hopewell read and confirmed. Resolutions passed concerning the 



return of the Seaflower, expected before this. Lord Say desired to 
treat with Sir John Wolstenholme about the payment by custom for 
the ordnance sent to Association. Debate concerning payments by the 
adventurers into the Company's stock. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
III., pp. WAI.] 

Nov. ? 30. Representation and petition of the Virginia Commissioners to 

the King. Have had many serious consultations respecting the best 
form of government for that plantation, and by unanimous reso- 
lution present the following propositions, which they humbly beseech 
His Majesty will confirm under the Great Seal. That the govern- 
ment of Virginia be wholly reserved in His Majesty's immediate 
power, to be managed by a subordinate Council in London nominated 
by the King ; that a Governor and Council be resident in Virginia, 
and likewise nominated by the King ; that a new Charter be granted 
for re-incorporating a Company of Adventurers, whereof the adven- 
turers and planters in Virginia to be members, all previous rights, 
liberties, and privileges being confirmed ; and that annual pensions 
or rewards, out of the customs of Virginia, be allowed to such 
officers and ministers as conduct those affairs. 

Nov. 25. 31. Edw. Earl of Dorset to [Chief Justice Heath?]. The Virginia 
St. James's. Commissioners have thought fit to proceed upon the digest of a new 
patent for re-establishing a Company. The King desires that he 
will, as most able, give assistance in framing the same. 

Nov.? 32. Considerations against renewing a Corporation for Virginia. 

At most of their assemblies instead of consulting the general good 
of the colony, the time has been spent in invectives one against the 
other ; their patent was ultimately revoked by a quo warranto, and 
the King by proclamation took the government into his own hands. 
Some of the late Company are represented to have ever since con- 
tinually importuned the King to renew their charter, which has been 
rejected as inconvenient to His Majesty's service. The evils considered 
likely to ensue if it be now renewed are set forth under six heads, and 
it is suggested that the Governor and Council of Virginia should pre- 
viously certify the prejudice it will be to His Majesty's government 
and revenue there, and how it will conduce to the benefit or otherwise 
of the planters in the colony, who have often petitioned against it. 

[Nov.] 33. [Serj. Berkeley, Sir W. Beecher, and Ed. Nicholas] to the 
Privy Council. Report upon the complaint of the adventurers to 
Canada. [See ante, p. 135, No. 27.] Have examined Jas Ricroft and 
the others complained of, and find they had notice that they ought 
not to trade in those parts, also that their carriage there did dis- 
courage the natives from trading with the adventurers. Inclose, 

33. i. Examinations of Jas. Ricroft, pilot, Jo. Buker, master of 
the Eliz. of London, Capt. Eust. Man, one of the owners 
Capt. Vincent Harris, Capt. of the Thomas and others, by 
order of the Council of Oct. 14 last. 1631, Nov. 5. 
[Orig. draft by Nicholas.'} 

33. n. Copy of the above, with corrections by Nicholas. 



Dec. 1. 

Dec. 2. 



Dec. 1. Minutes of the Council for New England. A general form for 

Warwick Ilouse.patents for petty plantations as tenants or freeholders, and for those 

who undertake to erect towns and plant a great number of people 

agreed on. Several petitions for patents for private plantations to 

be considered. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, pp. 2, 3.] 

Dec. 1. Grant of the Council for New England to John Stratton of 
Shotley, co. Suffolk, and to his associates, of 2,000 acres of land 
upon the south side of Cape Porpus. [Minute. Colonial Corresp., 
1620, Nov. 3.] 

Grant of arms to Capt. David Kirke, Lewis Kirke, Governor of 
Canada, Capt. Thos. Kirke, and Jas. Kirke, for valour in van- 
quishing the French fleet under the command of Mons. de Rockmond, 
admiral, bringing him prisoner to England, and in the following 
year taking Canada and bringing Mons. Champlain prisoner to 
England. The coat armour of Mons. Rockmond is granted to Capt. 
David Kirke, and to his brothers and their issue for ever. [Certified 
copy. DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

Minutes of the Council for New England. Patents to Walter 
Bagnall for a small island, called Richmond, with 1,500 acres of 
land, and to John Stratton for 2,000 acres, upon the south side of 
the river or creek called Cape Porpus, agreed on. Considerations 
for which they are granted. Also patents granted to [Sir] Ferd. 
Gorges, son and heir of John Gorges, of London, Walter Norton, 
Lieut. Col. Thos. Coppyn, Samuel Maverick, Thos. Graves [?] 
Ralph Glover, Wil. Jeffreys, John Busley, Joel Woolsey, all of 
New England ; Robert, Richard, and George Norton, of Sharpenho, 
co. Bedford, and Robt. Rainsford, of London, who have undertaken to 
build a town in New England, of 100 acres of land for every person, 
transported by them within seven years, who remains three years, 
with an additional grant of 12,000 acres to themselves on the east 
side of the river of Aquamentiquos, and of 12,000 acres to Ferd. 
Gorges on the opposite side of the river. To Robert Trelawny and 
Moses Goodyeare of all lands along the sea coast eastward between 
the land limited to Capt. Thos. Cammock, and Cascoe bay and river, 
for having expended great sums in the discovery of those parts, and 
for their encouragement in settling a plantation there. [Colonial 
Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, pp. 3-7.] 

Dec. 3. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Letters received from 
Brooke House, the island " by a stranger's ship'"' are read, and all directed to private 
persons ordered to be delivered, the Company to be acquainted with 
what related to the public affairs of the colony. Deputy Dike's 
request for more money on account of the Seaflower, referred to 
Treasurer Pym. Questions moved touching the preparation of 
another ship for Providence about March next ; encouragements for 
ministers to go over, but not to be of the Council ; inducements for 
able tradesmen to transport themselves ; also against whole families 
going by the next ship, as it is necessary to send mostly men at 
present, with some few women ; charge of their transportation and 




Dec. 20. 

James City. 

Dec. 31. 




[Jan. 13.] 


division of the profits of their labour. Every adventurer to " barken 
out" for honest men fit for their service, and to report upon their 
quality and number. The gunner's wages, who was hired by Capt. 
Bell from the Seaflower at 401. per annum, thought too much. To 
the objections of some of the planters to work by halves it was 
answered that in other plantations it was also done, and that half 
profits were thought a rich recompence. [Colonial Entry Bk. 
Vol. I II., pp. 41-43:] 

34. Accord between the Governor and Council of Virginia ; conclu- 
ding and silencing by a peaceable period all those "unhappy differences 
which have interrupted all good proceedings" for the benefit of the 
plantation. Signed by Sir John Harvey, Fras. West, Sam. Mathews, 
Wil. Claybourne, Wil. Tucker, Wil. Ferrar, Hen. Finch, Nath. Basse, 
John Utie, Thos. Purvisse, Hugh Bullock, and Wil. Peirce. [Copy.] 

Minutes of a meeting for Providence Island. Mr. Hart ordered 
to receive 6,000 weight of tobacco brought by the planters from the 
Isle of Association, and with the first sale to discharge the customs. 
Necessity of sending another ship presently after the return of the 
Seaflower, with a plentiful supply of men and provisions considered, 
and the Company requested to meet on 1st Feb. next, to conclude 
upon some way to raise money for that purpose. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. IIL, p. 44.] 

35. Petition of Sidrack Miller, of London, Cooper, to the Privy 
Council. By a contract made with Capt. John Mason, John Cotton, 
and Henry Gardiner, on behalf of the Company of Adventurers for 
the Province of Laconia, in New England, the petitioner and two 
servants were transported to Piscataqua, where they worked 18 
months for the Company. Miller being sent to England, left his 
servants behind, who have since been suddenly discharged, and the 
Company will not pay what is due to them. Prays that the Com- 
pany may be ordered to pay the money due to him and his two 
servants for the work done according to contract. 

36. Petition of George Sandys to the King. Understands His Ma- 
jesty's resolution to govern the plantations by a commission directed 
to certain of the Privy Council. Has spent the ripest of his years in 
the public employment in Virginia, and received a favourable answer 
to a petition to be nominated secretary, when the King heretofore 
appointed a President and Council for the affairs of that colony. 
Prays for the appointment of Secretary to the Commission. 

37. Petition of John Delbridge, of Barnstaple, merchant, to the 
Privy Council. In July, 1630, he freighted a small barque for 
Virginia and the Bermudas, but during her voyage a proclamation 
was issued that no tobacco should be landed in any other port than 
London. By reason of a leak the owners will not adventure their 
barque to London, and much of the tobacco is wet. Prays that the 
officer of customs at Barnstaple, to whom the tobacco was of neces- 
sity delivered, may be required to take reasonable customs for it. 



[A copy of this petition in DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I, is endorsed, 
" Read 13 Jan. 1631-2, and denied."] Annexed, 

37. I. Certificate of the officers of customs at Barnstapk, that the 
tobacco is likely to perish, and that the petitioner did his 
best to send the barque to London. 1631, Sept. 6. 

Jan. ? 38. Note of such things as the Company hath in Canada, and the 

number of men. Above 200 in the fort and habitation of Quebec, 
with th<5se gone up 400 leagues in the country for further dis- 
coveries. The fort well situated, able to withstand 1 0,000 men. If 
the King retain it " we do not care what French or any other can 
do, though they have 100 sail of ships, and 10,000 men as above 

Jan. 30. 39. Phil. Burlamachi to the English and Scotch Company of 
Metz. Adventurers to Canada, in answer to theirs by Sir Wil. Alexander 
about the Company's disputes with De Caen respecting the beaver 
skins. Blames them for not having provided the Ambassador with 
a better defence. Advises them to be the first to take advantage of 
the treaty of Tadousac, and to get an order against interlopers. 
French. [On -ff Jan. Sir Isaac Wake writes from Metz to Sec. 
Dorchester on the same subject and adds, " the ill proceedings of our 
merchants I leave to M. Burlamachi, being loth to foul my pen with 
their enormous obliquities." Desires if the arrangements concluded 
be approved, that all may be attributed to Burlamachi, Augier, and 
De Vic. See 1632, Jan. f., Corresp. FRANCE.] 

Feb. 1. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Resolved, though 
Brooke House, the Company reqeive no tidings of the Seaflower, that a ship be 
fitted for 150 persons and sent to the island, also a magazine of 
provisions in proportion ; the ship to be hired by the adventurers. 
Thos. Hartly, Cooper, covenanted to be the Company's servant in 
Providence for three years, at bl. a year wages, received 50s. in 
part payment. {Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 45-46.] 

Feb. 6. Minutes as above. No ship to be hired for the next voyage 
Ikooke House, to Providence until 1st of April next, unless the Seaflower arrive 
before then. Committee named to treat with the owners of the 
Charity for that service. Each member to pay in 150?. to meet the 
great charges which will become due on the return of the ships 
already set forth. Permission to Gabriel Barber to leave the Com- 
pany, and any other member "that shall express a desire to fall off" 
to have liberty to do so. Planters to be allowed to pay the charges 
of their passage out of the proceeds of their labours. Upon petition 
of Geo. Needham to go to Providence in the next ship, and to be 
lent 30?. out of the Company's stock, resolved, the petitioner pro- 
mising never to revive any differences, particularly with Capt. 
Elfrith, that he go as master of six servants, because of his long 
experience in plantations ; the loan refused. Upon petition of 
Mrs. Dew that her husband might have leave to remove from Asso- 
ciation to Providence Island, have six servants allowed him, and she 



be permitted to go in the next ship, with an advance of 20?. for her 
outfit, a warrant for her husband's removal is granted, the loan refused, 
and her proposition for servants referred for consideration. \Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 46-48.] 

Feb. 9. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. 20Z. ordered to be pre- 
Urooke House, sented to Mr. Hart for his diligence, fidelity, and discretion ; also 
20?. per annum to Mr. Sec. [Pym] for the faithful discharge of his 
duties. Resolutions passed concerning the present allowance of 100?. 
apiece to the adventurers "for discovery of this plantation;" for sup- 
plying the plantation with ministers, the Company willing to bear 
half their salaries, the other half to be levied in the country ; and 
for encouragement of artificers going over, either as free men or 
servants. Mr. Deputy [Dike] desired to "harken out" some suffi- 
cient gunners for the island. Various previous resolutions confirmed. 
Debate touching Gabriel Barber quitting the Company. Rules 
laid down in case of any other member of the Company wishing to 
sell his share. After the rate of 6?. per head, to be henceforth allowed 
for transportation of any persons to the island. Auditors for the 
accounts. The Seaflower shortly expected, and a standing com- 
mittee appointed for the next voyage. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
III., pp. 48-52.] 

Feb. ? 40. Petition of the President and Council for New England to 

the Privy Council. The proclamation [of 24 Nov. 1630], forbidding 
the sale of any kind of arms to the savages in New England, has 
-been put in force by the Governors in America, and one Edward 
Astley apprehended and sent to England. Pray that order may 
be taken for his exemplary punishment. 

Feb. 11. 41. Attorney General Noye to [Thos.] Meautys. Incloses Astley 's 
examination with the testimonies against him, and recommends, since 
Astley says it was commonly done before the restraint and has since 
forborne it, that he " give caution " not to furnish the Indians with 
any more arms. Annexed, 

41. i. Examination of John Deacon, Henry Sampson, Geo. 
Watson, and Oliver Gallow before Capt. Walter Neale, 
in New England, concerning unlawful trading in arms 
and munition by Edward Astley, late inhabitant of 
the said country. 1631, July 19. 

41. n. Examinations of Thos. Willett and William Phips before 
Capt. Hen. Keye, on the same subject. 1631, July 30. 

41. in. Examination of Edward Astley before Attorney General 
Noye. Confesses to bartering with the Indians of New 
England, for powder and shot, but did not know of the 
proclamation prohibiting it. 1632, Feb. 11. 

Feb. 11. 42. Petition of Peter de Licques, Sieur des Antheux, &c., Picardy, 
to the King. Has " an advice in writing " concerning plantations 
in Virginia and other parts of the West Indies, whereby a revenue 
of 50,000?. per annum may be raised for His Majesty's own use, and 
after five years " one lusty tall ship, of 500 tons " at least, for the 



King's service shall be built by the petitioner annually for ever 
Prays, as a recompence for such services, to be appointed hereditary 
Receiver General and to have a grant of one-fifth part of all rights 
and profits, &c. as collected by reason of his advice ; also for letters 
of denization. [See 1632, April 12.] 

Feb. 11. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Deputy Governor 
Hrooke House. Jjike and Mr. St. Johns, on behalf of Sir Gilbert Gerrard, having 
" discovered a willingness to fall off " from the Company, a discus- 
sion arose, but the consideration was deferred. Mr. Hart's account of 
his conference with the owners of the Charity ; an offer made for 
hire of the ship. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 52, 53.] 

Feb. 1 3. Minutes as above. Certain members of the Company offered to 
Brooke House, take Mr. Deputy's share, who, having assented, ordered accordingly. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 53, 54.] 

Feb. 14. Minutes as above. Mr. Hart's proposals to the owners of the 
Mr. Treasurer's Charity for hire of their ship ho,ving been accepted the agreement 

Chambers. - g a pp rove d. Resolutions passed to prevent prejudice to the Com- 
pany's affairs for want of money ; for defraying the expenses of 
the supplies now intended and other incidental charges ; and for 
dispatch of business concerning the voyage [of the Charity to 
Providence Island]. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 54.] 

Feb. 29. Minutes of the Council for New England. Two duplicate patents 
\v ;ir wick House, to Sir Ferd. Gorges, Capt. John Mason, and their associates, of the 
same date and upon the same tenure as the patent of 4 Nov. 1631, 
are sealed. Also a patent granted upon petition, to Robert Aids worth 
and Giles Elbridge, merchants, of 12,000 acres of land in New 
England, and an additional 100 acres for every person transported 
by them to New England within seven years, provided they abide 
there three years ; the 12,000 acres to be laid out near the river 
Pemaquid, in consideration of their having undertaken to build 
a town there and settle divers inhabitants for the general good of 
that country. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, pp. 7-10.] 

March 2. Minute as above. Two patents to Sir Ferd. Gorges, Lieut.-Col. 
Warwick House. Walter Norton, and their associates, of the same tenure and date 
as the patent of 2nd Dec. 1631, are sealed, with the names of 
Seth Bull, Dixie Bull, Mathew Bradley, and John Bull, instead of 
Thos. Coppyn, Joel WooLsey, Geo. Norton, and Robt. Rainsford. 
[Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, p. 10.] 

March 2. 43. Minute of an order of the Virginia Commissioners. The 

Whitehall, adventurers having accepted a new charter of restitution of a 

company, the Attorney General is desired not to pass any grant or 

patent, without a proviso or exception of all territories, &c., formerly 

granted to the late Company of Virginia. 

March 18. 44. Sir Ferdinando Gorges to Capt. John Mason. Approves of 

Bristol. the course he has taken for stay of a ship, lately arrived at Plymouth 

from the Dutch plantation in New England [see p. 154, JVo. 62]. 




They must stand upon the just title of the King to those parts, in 
respect of the first discovery and actual possession, by virtue of 
several patents. He may remember that King James' Ambassador 
to the United Provinces had orders to question the authority of the 
Dutch in those limits, [see ante, p. 26, No. 56] when it was answered 
if any such were there, it was by their private adventure alone. 
Cannot be in London before Easter, when he will put the business 
in the way it ought to be. Wishes him to keep the party who has 
lived so long with the Dutch, and to inform himself of their strength, 
where they live, how they are fortified and provided for, and what 
other commodities they find besides their trade of furs ; what cattle, 
horses, and carriages they use, and where are their friends and 
enemies. Requests him to do his best to prolong the stay of the 
ship at Plymouth, until the Lords [of the Privy Council] are fully 
informed of the consequence of the business ; that the Dutch may be 
prohibited trading in those parts, and from presuming to settle 
without licence from the Council [of New England]. Leaves to his 
own judgment what is best to be done for the present ; nothing 
shall be wanting in the power of Gorges for making good their 
undertakings. Will send the horses promised by Lord Gorges and 
himself, when he knows the fit time for their dispatch thence. 
Has lately written his resolution to Mr. Eyre. Hopes he will not 
despair, although he finds a coldness in those who understand not 
the business aright. Hears that my lord of Warwick has promised 
to further their purpose. Will put more life into it than heretofore, 
having every day more and more reason to do so. 

March 21. Bill to pass the Privy Seal, declaring an abatement of the customs 

Westminster, upon tobacco on the 2nd March, and reducing them from 9d. to 

4td. per lb., on the growth of Virginia and the Somers Islands, and 

from IZd. to Qd. on that of St. Christopher's and the other Caribbee 

Islands. [Sign Manual, Car. I., Vol. XI //.] 

March? 45. Objections [in Sec. Lord Cottington's hand] to certain 
arrangements, whereby the King is obliged to pay 14,330Z. for sup- 
posed debts to Du Cane [De Caen] from the Canada merchants. 
The King should have been first consulted before the articles were 
signed, especially as they are to be ratified under the Great Seal ; 
and Burlamachi is made a pledge for skins, debts from savages, 
knives, and- French ships. Conceives it most fitting that the Canada 
Company should answer my Lord Ambassador [Wake's] long letter. 
[This was done on 24A April 1632, see p. 145, No. 53.] On 19th 
April following, these objections were embodied in a letter from Sec. 
Coke to Sir Isaac Wake. Coke is commanded by the King to let him 
know, that though for the King's own honour he will not free 
himself from the disadvantage and burden cast upon him, by dis- 
avowing openly those ministers to whom he gave powers, yet as 
to Wake and Burlamachi, the King disavoweth both their pro- 
ceedings as being without his commission or allowance. " His 
Majesty disavoweth the transaction as not justifiable on your parts, 
yet requireth you without reply immediately to see it done." 
[Oorresp. FRANCE, 1632, April 19.] 



March ? 

March ? 

March ? 

March ? 


April 2. 


46. The King to [" the Canada merchants and the commanders 
under them/'] The differences with the French King and his sub- 
jects having been settled, and His Majesty having consented to the 
restitution of Quebec, " as taken by force of arms since the peace/' 
they are commanded to deliver up the fort and habitation to whom- 
soever the French King shall appoint, in the same state as at the 
time of the surrender. [Draft, a paragraph of which is underlined, 
and another written on the outer page in substitution.] 

47. Copy of the preceding, without the substituted paragraph, signed 
by King Charles, but afterwards corrected by Sec. Dorchester, who 
has endorsed it, " Letters from His Majesty to the Canada Merchants 
and the commanders under them for rendering Quebec, corrected as 
in these first originals appeareth," in allusion also to the following. 

48. Copy of the above No. 46, with the substituted paragraph, 
signed by King Charles, in which Sec. Dorchester has subsequently 
made corrections different from those in the preceding. [Ambassador 

Sir Isaac Wake writes to Capt. Thos. Kirke from Paris on M*"* 22 

April 1 

1632, that the treaty for the restitution of the fort and habitation of 
Quebec had been concluded. Kirke is therefore required speedily 
to deliver up those places to General De Caen, or whosoever he may 
appoint, who will be the bearer of this letter. Wake incloses copy 
of the treaty, that Kirke may the better know how to govern him- 
self, and gives him particular directions concerning his own and his 
company's return to England, the merchandise he had transported to 

Canada, and other matters. See 


1 632, Gorresp. FRANCE, 

where a great deal of correspondence concerning Canada will be 

49. Declaration upon oath of the Sieur Champlain, as to the 
quantity of arms, ammunition, and other materials left in the Fort 
of Quebec at the surrender, and which ought to be restored according 
to the treaty. French. [Copy.'] 

50. List of the " Marchandises de traicte" sent to Quebec, which 
were found in the Mary Fortune of London, taken at Tadousac. 

51. Capt. John Mason to [Sec. Coke]. Certain Hollanders began 
a trade, about 1621, upon the coast of New England, between Cape 
Cod and Delaware Bay, in 40 degrees N.L., granted to Sir Walter 
Raleigh in 1 584, and afterwards confirmed and divided by agree- 
ment by King James in 1606. The plantations in Virginia have 
been settled about 40 years, in New England about 25 years. The 
Hollanders came as interlopers between the two, and have published 
a map of the coast between Virginia and Cape Cod, with the title 
of New Netherlands, calling the river upon which they are planted 
Manhatan, and giving Dutch names to other places discovered by 
the English. Sir Sam. Argoll, with many English planters, were 
about to settle in those parts, and the English Ambassador at the 



1032. VOL - VL . 

Hague was ordered to complain against the proceedings of the 
Hollanders. [1621, Dec. 15, see ante, p. 26, No. 56.] Nevertheless 
the following year, under a pretended authority from the Dutch 
West India Company, they made a plantation upon Manhatan ; have 
since fortified themselves in two places and built ships there, one of 
600 tons sent into Holland. They were warned by the English 
plantation at New Plymouth neither to trade nor make any settle- 
ment in those parts, but with proud and contumacious answers say 
" They had commission to fight against such as should disturb their 
settlement/' and persisted in planting, vilifying the English to the 
Indians, and extolling their own nation. It is reported that they 
have exported from thence to Holland this year 1 5,000 beaver skins, 
besides other commodities. 

April 2. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Letters received 
Brooke House, from Providence by the Seaflower, referred for consideration and the 
secretary ordered to summon the absent adventurers. As the ship 
" was not then come about " and many letters were not received, re- 
solved that the passengers have orders to stay in the country until 
further directions. [Colonial Entry Bk,, Vol. III., p. 55.] 

April 6. 52. Sir Ferdinando Gorges to Capt. John Mason. Is glad to find 
Bristol. "by his letter of 30 March, that the business against those of the Dutch 
plantation is before the Privy Council. Hopes they will not be over 
hasty in concluding a business of that important nature. Cannot 
come up [to London] having {< taken a fall " from his horse at a race, 
and is unable to move. Hopes he will make some shift to send 
away the horses, as no shipping leaves again until the winter quarter ; 
knows they will be of great service at the islands. 

ipril 6. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Mr. Dike 
I'rooke House. xnd Capt. Tanner ordered to enter the Seaflower in the custom 
house in the name of John Hart, to the use of the Governor and 
company, to take order for her discharge, and warehousing her goods 
until composition be made for the customs. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol III., p. 55.] 

April 1 1 . Minutes as above. Letter from Mr. Morgan to Sir Nath. Rich., 
r.rookc House, stuffed with bitter expressions, and avowing of a spirit inclined 
to sedition and mutiny, is read. Resolved that he should he brought 
home by the next ship, he being the author or at least the fomenter 
of the planters' seeming discontent, which might cause a revolt 
in the island from the Company's government. Debate arises, and 
instructions are agreed upon to that effect. The planters' petition, 
complaining of the " unfortifiableness " of the island, and of other 
personal grievances, is referred for consideration. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., pp. 55, 56.] 

April 12. Patent to Peter de Liques, Sr. des Antheux of Picardy, and Wil- 
\Vestminster. li am Boswell, " Keeper of our Papers of State at Whitehall." Con- 
taining a grant of the office of Receiver General hereditary of the 
augmented revenue arising in America, with power- to retain one 


1632. VOL. VI. 

fifth part to their own use ; and of letters of denization to Peter 
De Licques [see ante, p. 140, No. 42]. Beautifully engrossed on 
vellum, ivith the effigy of Charles I. drawn in pencil and ink, and 
the Great Seal, mutilated, attached. [Colonial Corresp., Vol. VII., 
No. 1.] 

April 12. Minute of the above. {Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

April 13. Declaration of the Company for Providence Island. Arthur Rous 
is elected one of the ministers for that island, he being contented to 
transport himself and family thither; a fit place and lands are 
assigned to him and further encouragement promised. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 43.] 

April 13. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. Ordered that in the 
Brooke House, instructions to be sent to the Governor and Council, they should 
measure and set out 20 parcels of ground of 25 acres each, in the 
most fertile places in the island, to be assigned to the first 20 
adventurers of the Company. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. I If., 
pp. 56, 57.] 

April 14-24. Minutes of Meetings for Providence Island. Instructions and 
answers to the general letters to the Company agreed on. Accounts 
of the Seaflower to be paid. Supplies bought for the use of 
Mr. Morgan in the island, ordered to be purchased for the Company's 
magazine. The Company's debts. Rich. Goodman to have 801. per 
annum, he having joined Capt. Axe in ordering the fortifications of 
the island. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 57, 58.] 

[April 24.] 53. Answer of the Adventurers of Canada to the articles con- 
tained in a letter from Sir Isaac Wake, the King's Ambassador in 

France, of y-^p 1G32 [see Coi^resp. FRANCE]. They relate to the 

Company's instructions to Wake, which the latter complains were 
weak and far short of what was necessary for their defence ; to the 
unreasonable demands of De Caen ; the restitution of the Helen and 
her goods ; satisfaction for beavers owing by the savages, their 
number and weight. Conceive the carriage of the business to have 
been very unequal, and that " it is plain that the depositions of the 
French are fully approved, and the English wholly rejected." This 
paper is signed by David Kirke " For my mother Eliz. Kirke," 
Robert Charlton, and Will. Berkeley. 

April 25. Minutes of a Meeting for Providence Island. Sam. Filby to be 
permitted to sail in his own ship to the Island of Association ; heads 
of articles between him and the Company concluded on. Payments 
for wages of artificers in Providence ordered. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., p. 58.] 

April 28. Minutes as above. The number of passengers to be sent over is 
considered ; resolved to put off some until a better opportunity. 
Various sums ordered as rewards to those who had attended the 
Company's service. Articles between the Company and Thos. 
Goodbarne directed to be sealed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 58, 59.] 




May 3. Minutes of Meetings for Providence Island. Finance. Articles 
with Mr. Filby ordered to be sealed. Instructions to be sent to 
the Governor and Council for the trial of Capt. Wil. Rudyerd, accused 
of drunkenness, swearing, ill-carriage towards the Governor, and 
other misdemeanors, since he had been in the island. 

May 4. Richard Field, gunner, to be entertained in the Company's service 
at 20. per annum, to teach the art of gunnery in the island. Re- 
wards granted to Capt. Sam. Axe for his many good services to the 

May 5. An addition to be made to the former intended instructions to 
the Governor and Council concerning Capt. Rudyerd, that if he be a 
reformed man, and not likely to breed division to oppose govern- 
ment, nor hinder the progress of religion, that then they shall 
forbear the trial, but not otherwise. 

May 7. Mr. Pym is desired to write a letter to the Customs for discharge 
of the charity and satisfaction of the goods now exported. Math. 
Harbottle to go master mate in her. Articles with Mr. Sherard, 
Mr. Ditloff, and Nic. Goodman ordered to be sealed. Letter received 
from the Earl of Holland, Governor of the Company, who mediated 
for a friendly accord of the differences with Capt. Rudyerd, ordered to 
be digested by Sir Nat. Rich against next meetiug. Request of Mr. 
Bruster for part payment of 1,500?. lately lent by him to the Com- 
pany ; " promised to do what was reasonable." 

May 8. Upon consideration of the Governor's letter it is agreed to revoke 
the former order for the trial of Capt. Rudyerd and to send a general 
instruction to the Governor and Council of the island how to proceed 
against any factious person, or a hinderer of religion, &c., to be 
drawn out by Mr. Pym. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 

May 8. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Thos. 
Punt, master of the Charity, bound thither. Mr. Rous and other 
passengers to be taken in at Plymouth ; from thence to go to St. Kitt's, 
Nevis and Barbadoes, to procure cotton seeds, and pomegranate slips, 
and salt at St. Martin's. Letters and instructions to be delivered at 
Association, and Mr. Filby, his wife, child, and four servants, landed 
there. Tobacco, pepper, and other seeds to be taken from thence to 
Providence, where the passengers will be landed according to the 
list ; goods delivered to the store, as also the ordnance and am- 
munition, and the letters and instructions to the Governor and 
Council, to remain as long as the Governor appoint. No passengers 
to be brought home without a licence from the Governor and 
Council. Slips of fig trees to be left at Association and lading of 
wood and tobacco taken in there. Passengers to be landed at 
Bermudas sent thither from Providence. [Colonial Entry Ilk., 
Vol. IV., p. 42.] 

May 10. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Mr. 
Halhead, Mr. Rishworth, and Thos. Punt, master, for the government 
of 150 passengers or thereabouts, sent thither in the Charity, with 


1632. VOL. VI. 

power to punish all misbehaving themselves. [Colonial Entry 
Bk, Vol. IV., p. 42.] 

!> , 

May 10. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The Earl of Holland 
Brooke House, elected Governor, Sir Thos. Barrington Deputy, John Pym, 
Treasurer, and Wil. Jessop, Secretary. Resolutions passed upon Mr. 
Dike's demands for payment of arrears due to him upon account of 
the Seaflower and other money matters. Agreement with John 
Lydsey, Apothecary, entertained in the Company's service. Instruc- 
tions, letters, and commissions to be sent to the island approved and 
ordered to be engrossed. [Colonial Entry Bk.,Vol. III., pp. 61, 62.] 

May 10. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Phil. Bell, establishing him in the government of that island for 
three years from this date. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 24.] 

May 10. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 
Had entertained a favourable opinion of Mr. Morgan's diligence as 
minister, but his seditious and malignant spirit is apparent in two 
letters sent by the late Mr. Essex in the Seaflower. Direct that 
he be suspended forthwith from his ministry, and sent home by the 
next ship. Are assured that his malicious slanders will make no 
impression on the minds of wise men, but enter into a full explanation 
of their conduct, which will provide them with a sufficient answer to 
every aspersion. Underwritten, is added that a copy of certain articles 
extracted out of Mr. Morgan's letters were also sent inclosed, they 
are not, however, entered. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 36, 37.] 

May 10. The Company of Adventurers of Providence Island to the Governor 
and Council. Were glad to hear of the safety of the colony. The 
Seaflower, which arrived in April last, was attacked by a Spanish 
man-of-war. Capt. Tanner behaved well in the fight ; Mr. Essex and 
three others slain. They marvel that Mr. Essex should have so soon 
returned for England. Upon examination of his papers, and parti- 
cularly of a petition from divers planters in the island, wonder how 
men can so much forget their duty to God and respect to the Company. 
Contrast the great charge they have been at with men's adventures and 
other plantations, and bitterly reprove the people for their complaints 
that half profits are too small an allowance. Compare the planters to 
the Israelites for their murmurings, and will that " those ungrateful 
persons " be ashamed of their grudgings. Have sent to the furthest 
parts of the world to supply '< that as yet poor island " with the 
richest commodities. Encourage those who are godly and discreet ; 
admonish the guilty, and threaten their return home with shame 
and dishonour. Are most ready to receive and redress just com- 
plaints. Capt. Elfrith is rebuked for his rashness and disasters in 
his late voyages to the Cape ; no acts of hostility to be in future 
attempted without special directions, and no voyage out of the island 
without consent of the Governor and Council. Have no intention 
fcl) to remove any of the inhabitants from their plantations ; leases 

K 2 



promised to those who desire them. Encouragement to those con- 
tributing to the public works ; three or five hundred men could not 
be sent over at present, but a further supply is promised. The 
planters encouraged to go on with the fortifications. Debts due by 
the first planters for provisions. Half profits of the fustick wood 
now received granted to the cutters as desired ; no more to be cut 
without order, being of so little value. Justify their demand of half 
profits ; it is practised in other plantations where tobacco is the only 
commodity, and good profit made. Regret the " illness " of former 
commodities occasioned by the late Deputy Governor [Jo. Dike's] 
neglect. Desire proof of their complaints of the last store. Planters 
granted liberty to furnish themselves with necessaries. Regulations 
concerning tobacco and the stores. Do not insist upon men joining 
in families as formerly directed, but leave the planters "to sort 
themselves ;" two acres of land per head to be allotted. Wonder at 
the report of the island's weakness, so different from former advices, 
and especially that the gunner was allowed to leave : ten pieces of 
ordnance now sent. Demand for further supplies will be considered. 
Instructions for mounting the guns, going on with the fortifications, 
and " the speedy security of the island." Cannot conceive there is any 
cause for the fear expressed in their letters. Any person "grudging" 
at their proposed conditions to be sent home in the next ship. Are 
surprised that many of the planters should be so desirous to return 
home ; it is not intended to keep any man prisoner. Approbation of 
Capt. Bell's proceedings. Promise security against complaint from 
those not previously permitted to leave the island. Edw. Williams 
to be sent home by the next ship for his ill demeanour, impiety, and 
dishonesty. Some that went from the Somers Islands in the Sea- 
flower to be returned thither. Directions for the employment and 
kind usage of servants. Ralph Walcott, nephew to Lord Brooke, 
recommended to the care of Mr. Rous, the minister. Approve of the 
agreement made with the Dutchmen for the first year's crop ; 
instructions concerning those resident in the island ; " the industry 
of our [Dutch] carpenter " specially commended. Promise care in 
the choice of honest men. Instructions for the punishment of 
murder, insurrection, and all minor offences ; also concerning the 
sale of strong waters. Commend for consideration Mr. Floud's 
intended voyage to Jamaica. Wish silk grass to be planted and 
sent home, and sugar canes for private use ; cotton to be made trial 
of; mulberry trees to be procured, also bees and fruits from the 
main. Specially approve the desire to procure Indian children, 
and recommend that a small number of free men should be persuaded 
to accompany them, but no Indian woman. Hope that by wise car- 
riage and religious conversation those poor creatures may be won to 
the love of religion. Request care on the approach of a vessel ; rules 
for trade. Clerks of the stores and their duties. Mr. Floud to be 
relieved from the office of Sheriff, and another appointed. Charles 
Wetteiihall to be Marshal. 4<(H., the wages of John Waymouth, 
the gunner, allowed for one year, but not to be continued. A 
clause of secrecy to be added to the Councillors' oath. Ground 


1632. VOL ' VL 

should be planted for those sent for the public works. Have now 
sent many men and women. Promise a midwife by the next ship. 
Two magazines provided by this vessel. Twenty plots of 25 
acres each to be reserved for the special disposal of the first 
20 adventurers. Hen. Halhead, Sam. Rishworth, and Edw. Gates 
to be sworn of the Council. Rules for precedency. Have sent 
three ministers Mr. Rous, lecturer ; Mr. Sherhard, minister of New 
Westminster ; and Mr. Ditloff. Request they may be consulted 
in matters of importance. Reasons why the Company's officers are 
not yet supplied with servants. Recompence promised to those who 
remain in the island. Worth of Mr. Essex's ground. Messrs. Hal- 
head and Rishworth to have the use of the buildings upon it. Direct 
the Governor and Council by their behaviour and carriage to set a 
powerful example of piety, virtue, and peace ; no man's person nor 
place shall protect him from just punishment. Palma Christi seed 
sent over ; directions for planting : one acre of seed will bear 300 
trees ; a tree grows eight feet high in three months, and produces 
seed for three gallons of oil. Other seeds and roots sent. Are 
resolved to dispatch <c our next great supply " with speed. [Colonial 
Entry Bh, Vol. IV., pp. 25-36.] 

May 10. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Phil. Bell, Governor. 
London. Have received his letters of 1st July 1631 and 21st Dec. last. 
Approve his proceedings in the government. Salary, quantity of land, 
number of servants, and other allowances. Promise to have a care 
of his wife as he desires, but cannot conceive there is just cause to 
fear any accident to the island. Do not think it safe for the Charity 
to call at the Canary Islands, because of the multitude of passengers. 
Commend " our surgeon " and promise him encouragement. Desire 
him to use with all respect and tenderness the Indians who come 
from the main; the spreading of the gospel being "the greatest 
work both in itself and in our aim." Servants not assigned to 
particular men to be employed upon the public works. Ensign 
Fitch to have two servants. Will. Tidd to continue servant one 
year and then to have a portion of land. Proposals to servants whose 
times are expired. Salt to be taken in at St. Martin's for supply 
of the colony. Regret he has cause to suspect the secrecy of any of 
the Council. Directions for the disposal of land of any master of a 
family leaving the island. Petitions of the Dutch. Complaint 
of Will. Rowliffe's father. Secret inquiry concerning Mr. Essex's 
pretended warrant for his return to England. Planters to have free 
liberty to send letters without being opened, " unless in such par- 
ticular cases wherein your reasons so to do may give us good 
content." Confirm him Governor for three years from the present 
time. Send a token to make use of for their sakes. [Colonial 
Entry Bh, Vol. IV., pp. 38-40.] 

May. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell, Governor. 

Promise time for payment of debts to the Company's stores. Not 

K 3 H- 




one penny for any goods sent in the Seaflower has been received. 
Are sorry to understand that there was such doubt of a scarcity ; 
hope before the next supply of men arrive that " God will enlarge 
your store with a plentiful harvest." Recommend in future that 
such quantities of corn and other provisions be planted as may 
serve at least for half a year's provision. Desire a difference 
may be made between public letters signed by the Council, and 
his own letters containing his private opinions ; and that all 
public matters of importance may be taken into consideration by 
the Council. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 40.] 

May 1 0. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Dan. Elfrith. Con- 
demn his indiscretion in too freely entertaining " a Mulletto, as you 
call him" in the island, against advice of Council, and in taking 
a Spanish frigate ; but in consideration of his good services, are 
content not to take notice of former errors. Division of the 20th 
part of the old tobacco between him and Capt. Axe. Answer the 
objection of their reputed backwardness in furnishing supplies. Have 
removed the old planters' discontent about victuals and clothes spent 
by their servants in public works. Excuse his mistakes concerning 
the strength of the island. Refer him to their general instruc- 
tions for fortifications. Suspend their answer to his request for 
government of the forts until finished. Commend his industry in pro- 
curing plants from the main, and especially his desire to propagate 
religion amongst the poor Indians. Have made trial of his red dye 
[tomarin] and find it very useful ; require him to plant and procure 
as much as he can. Exercise of his place of admiralty. Regret that 
his present profits are but little, and grant several privileges for his 
encouragement. Approve of his proposition for discovery of the 
dangerous shoals to the leeward of the island. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., p. 41.] 

May 14. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Request of John 
Brooke House. Pym to be relieved from his place of treasurer, referred to the next 
meeting. Instructions, commissions, and letters to the island signed 
and sealed. A meeting to be held on the following day for the 
dispatch of business for the Isle of Association. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 62, 63.] 

May 15. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Phil. Bell, Governor. 
Have heard that some in the island have sent for cards, dice, and 
tables. Pray that if any arrive he will have them burnt, or at 
least sent back, and strictly prohibit their use under severe penalties. 
Mislike not lawful recreations, such as chess, shooting, &c. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 40.] 

May 15. Minutes of a Court for Association. Resolved, that a magazine 
Brooke House. O f provisions be sent thither by October next, which with other 
resolutions, Capt. Hilton, Governor of that island, is to be made 
acquainted wJth. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 63.] 



May 27. 



54. Governor Harvey to the Virginia Commissioners. The colony 
in great want of shoes and other necessaries, yet Capt. Tucker left 
behind him stores well furnished, with instructions not to sell but 
at excessive rates. Recommends that Tucker, Stone, and Maurice 
Thompson should contract for three or more years for all the tobacco 
of the growth of Virginia. A beginning made in the building of 
shipping. Desires the same freedom for the colony, to seek the best 
market as the King's other subjects enjoy. Has spent much time in 
planting English grain and vines. Prays for some means or annual 
entertainment to support his great expenses. May as well be called 
the host as the Governor of Virginia ; no other house but his for 
hospitality in James Island, and has been three years without any 

June 12. 

June 12. 

Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The Treasurer's 
declaration, that every adventurer bring in 10(U. to defray necessary 
engagements, referred for consideration ; also the Company's last 
letter to Capt. Hilton, and the question of supply for association. 
Resolutions concerning complaints against Mr. Dike, for overvaluing 
commodities exported in the Seaflower, agreed to. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., pp. 63, 64.] 

55. The King to Sir William Alexander, Robert Charlton, and Wil- 
liam Berkeley, Commissioners for Canada. The King having consented 
to the restitution of the fort and habitation of Quebec, as taken by 
force of arms since the peace, and preferring, notwithstanding the 
commission given during the war, the accomplishment of his royal 
word ; the Commissioners are commanded, upon the first convenience 
of sending into those parts, and of means for the people to return, 
to order all the King's subjects, as well soldiers in garrison as 
inhabitants and planters, .to give up possession to those appointed 
by the French King in the same state as at the time of taking. 
Any person showing himself cross or refractory, will incur the 
King's highest indignation and the punishment due to offenders of 
so high a nature. 

June 14-15. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Order upon Mr. 

Brooke House. Barber's demands for money disbursed "in the voyages of discovery." 
Resolutions passed concerning the power of any member of the 
Company to dispose of part of his adventure, so that the burden 
of his charge may be more easily borne, and the island sooner 
fortified and peopled. These resolutions confirmed on 26th Nov. 
following. At an adjourned meeting, at 6 p.m. on the same day, it 
was ordered that each adventurer should further pay in 1001. to the 
common stock within a month, for supply of provisions to the 
value of 2,OOOZ. sent in the Charity. Debate upon the necessity of 
a supply for association. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 64, 65.] 

Minutes as above. Arguments for sending a supply to Association. 
Agreed that the Company's resolution should be respited until 
Monday, the 18th inst., upon which day, Mr. Deputy being unable 
to attend, the General Court dissolved. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IIL, pp. 66, 67.] 




June 16. Grant of the Council for New England to George Way and 
Thomas Purchase of certain lands in New England called the 
River Bishopscotte, and all that bounds and limits the main land 
adjoining the river to the extent of two miles. [Colonial Gorresp., 
1620, Nov. 3.] 

June 16. Minute of the above. [Hid.] 

[June 16.] 56. Minute [by Sir Wil. Alexander] of some points considerable 
for the King's service, with respect to the possession of New Scot- 
land by the French at this time. Not warranted by the late treaty ; 
some speedy act should disprove it. The pretended title of the 
French to Virginia and New England may prove dangerous to the 
King's subjects. The French have a more than ordinary design, 
having sent 300 men thither this year, and promised large annual 
supplies. Building of ships, employing them in fishing, and the 
manufacture of salt there cannot but be prejudicial, and undo the 
English fishing trade on that coast. Suggests that the King should 
appoint persons to consider these things, that some expedient may 
be propounded tending to the advancement of the King's service 
and the public good. [Endorsed by Sec. Coke, " Sir W. Alexander's 
note for New Scotland."] Sir Isaac Wake, the English Ambassador 

at Paris, writes to " those of Acadia and Port Royal," on 30 * f arc . h 

9 April 

1632, that having brought his negociations to a happy conclusion, 
the King has expressly commanded, through Lord Sterling, that 
Mons. Rasilly, or some other in his name, be peaceably suffered to 
take possession of the fort and habitation of Port Royal in Acadia. 
Concerning the demolition and the transportation of provisions and 
munitions, agreement may be made to the best advantage, or the 
King's and Lord Sterling's directions followed. [See Corresp. 

FRANCE, 1632, 

June 19. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Mr. Dike's accounts. 
Brooke House. Compositions agreed on with Sir Nath. Rich and Mr. Barber, for 
their expenses in the first voyage of discovery. Refusal of Mr. Dike 
to accept the Company's propositions. Report of Mr. Hart upon 
sending a ship to Association Island, where he also proposed to take 
a certain number of negroes and provisions ; requested to make 
further inquiry and report again. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 67, 68.] 

June 20. Patent to Cecil Calvert, Baron of Baltimore, containing a grant 
Westminster. o f the Province of Maryland. Latin. [Copy examined and cor 
reeled by the original, communicated by Mr. Beake from Lord 
Baltimore, 1723, July 5. Colonial Entry Bk., No. 52, pp. 1-19.] 

June 20. 57. Another copy of the same patent, certified by Hen. Rooke, 
Westminster. Clerk of the Rolls Chapel. [This and the preceding copy of Lord 
Baltimore's cliarter differ in this respect, that in the present copy 
the contracted words are not extended ; in the preceding copy they 
have been written in extenso from the original in the possession of 
Lord Baltimore.'} 


1632. VOL. VI- 

June ? 58. Considerations of objections to Lord Baltimore's patent ; 

in matter of law, inconvenience, and equity ; on behalf of the par- 
ticular persons of the old [Virginia] Company. 

June ? 59. Copy of the above. 

June 21. Minutes of the Council for New England. Lord Maltravers 
Warwickliouse, received into the New England Company as a Councillor and 
Patentee, and Capt John Mason as a Councillor. Thomas Eyre ap- 
pointed secretary, and ordered to prepare rough draft of a patent 
for the Earl of Warwick ; Sir Ferd. Gorges will give the par- 
ticulars. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, > 11.] 

June 21. Minutes of a Court for Providence and Association Islands. 
Brooke House. Report of Mr. Hart that his proposal for negroes could not be 
effected ; some other course to be taken. Supply for Association not 
to exceed 5QO. Licence to settle there upon paying a twentieth 
part of the proceeds of labour to the Company. Letter to Capt. 
Hilton to inform him why no men are sent at present. Tobacco 
brought over by the Seaflower in the custom house Treasurer's 
accounts. Forty shillings a month to be paid to Capt. Tanner, 
until his services are again required. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 69, 70.] 

June 26. Minutes of the Council for New England. Mr. Humphrey's corn- 
Warwick House, plaint that his ships were not allowed, contrary to his patent, to 
irn> transport passengers to Massachusetts Bay without licence from the 
Council of New England, referred to the next meeting, and he re- 
quested to bring Matthew Cradock and any others with him. Lord 
Thurles, Sir James Bagg, and Sir Kenelm Digby, admitted Coun- 
cillors. Rough draft of a patent to the Earl of Warwick read, who 
directed that it be made out to Lord Rich and his associates ; the 
limits, 30 English miles westward and 50 miles northwards, agreed 
to. Licence to be granted to Edward Astley to go to New England, 
when he puts in security for his good behaviour there. Motion made 
concerning the confiscation of a Holland ship from the Dutch plan- 
tation near Hudson's River in New England, now at Plymouth. 
[Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, pp. 13, 14.] 

June 28. Minutes as above. Lord Chamberlain Lindsey and James 
Montague admitted councillors. Mr. Humphreys and Mat- 
thew Cradock reproved for falsely accusing Sir Ferd. Gorges 
at the last meeting, of not suffering any ship or passenger 
to pass to New England without licence. Mr. Saltingstall desired 
to make a map of Salem and Massachusetts Bay for the Council. 
[Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, p. 14.] 

June 29. Minutes as above. Sir Kenelm Digby admitted a member 

Warwick House, of the Council. There being in all about 21 Councillors, agreed 

)rn< that the whole number of 40 should with all convenient speed 

be filled up. Sir Hen. Spilman is entreated to prepare draught of 




June ? 


a new patent. The place of meeting to be in future at Captain 
Mason's house in Fenchurch Street. [Colonial Corresp., 1631 
Nov. 4, p. 15.] 

60. Petition of Sir John Lawrence, Sir Edmund Plowden, Sir 
Boyer Worsley, John Trusler, Roger Pack, Will. Inwood, Thos. 
Ryebread, Chas. Barret, and George Noble, adventurers, to the 
King. Are willing at their own cost, to plant at a remote place, 
called Manati or Long Isle, 150 miles to the north of James City, 
and settle three hundred inhabitants there for the making of wine, 
salt, iron, &c. Pray for a patent of the said isle and thirty square 
miles of the adjoining coast, to be erected into a county palatine 
called Syon, and to be held of His Majesty's Crown of Ireland, with 
the like title and privileges to Sir Ed. Plowden, as was granted to 
Sir Geo. Calvert in Newfoundland by King James. [In Stafford's 
letters and despatches Vol. I., pp. 72, 73, will be found a petition 
from Sir Ed. Plowden, &c., praying for a grant of Isle-Plowden, 
otherwise Long Isle, where the petitioners are willing to settle five 
hundred inhabitants, and also for forty leagues square of the adjoining 
continent, to be erected into a county palatine by the name of New 
Albion. This petition is inclosed in a warrant from the King to the 
Lords Justices, dated July 24th, 1632, directing them to cause the 
grant forthwith to be passed with the customary privileges for 

61. The commodities of the island called Manati or Long Island, 
within the continent of Virginia. Places fit to build and launch 
ships. Good trade with the Indians. A fisherman in six months 
may make his wages worth 6()/. per annum. The first year's outlay 
will build, fortify, and provide labourers. Winter very sharp during 
two months in the year. The spring waters as good as small beer. 
Thirty soldiers should reside in a round stone tower for security of 
the colony. Terms upon which the partners are willing to maintain 
the governor and 50 soldiers and mariners, to trade by turns with 
the Indians. Endorsed by Sec. Coke. 

62. Warrant to Sir James Bagg for release of a Dutch shin, the 
Endraught, of Amsterdam, belonging to the West India Company of 
Holland, which coming from the river Manhattan in New England, 
was stayed at Plymouth in February last. The King, at the earnest 
request of the Ambassador from the United Provinces, is pleased to 
release all the goods and merchandise in the ship, notwithstanding 
His Majesty's right to the territories whence they came ; but declares 
that if the Dutch remain there without his licence, they shall impute 
it to themselves if hereafter they suffer. 

July 4. 63. Governor John Winthrop to John White, Minister of the 

Massachusetts. Gospel. Hopes at length to see him at Massachusetts, that he may 

reap some fruit of all his labours and cost bestowed upon " this work 

of the Lord." Advises him of the payment of wages to Jo. Gallopp, 

Jo. Elford, and others. Has disbursed about 300Z. for the Company's 







Aug. 31. 



;r VOL. vi. 

engagements, and possesses but some cattle and old kettles for it. 
Entreats him to persuade Gallopp's wife to come over. Marvels at 
her weakness that she will live miserably with her children in 
England, when she might live comfortably over there with her 
husband. The surveyor of their ordnance has returned home to his 
native Germany ; they were loth to part with him. Is in want of 
cod lines and hooks. Fears his brother and sister are dead, as they 
take no notice of his letters. Incloses, 

63. i. Order to " Brother Downing" to pay the bearer 12?. by the 

allowance of John White of Dorchester, for fishing 
lines to be sent to him into New England ; signed Jo. 
Winthrop. Massachusetts, July 4. 

64. General observations by [Rev. John] " White of Dorchester," 
for the plantation of New England. Reasons for taking the land 
so long possessed by savages. The young should be sent, for it is a 
great work, and requires skilful artificers. Great and fundamental 
errors have been committed, profit being the chief aim and not the 
propagation of religion. The very scum of the earth sent over, and 
a right form of government not established. Argues at length, 
chiefly on religious grounds, upon the benefits likely to ensue from 
the plantation. 

65. Thomas Wiggin to " Master Downing/' Complains of the 
carriage of an unworthy person, Sir Christopher Gardiner, who has 
lately returned from New England, where he went more than two 
years ago. Isaac Allerton informed against him to the Governor. 
Would push some means to stop his mouth, having most scandalously 
and basely abused " that worthy Governor, Ma r . Winthrop." Hopes 
one Lane, a merchant tailor, who has been in the West Indies, will 
talk with Mr. Humphreys concerning a certain staple commodity, 
which he desires to plant in New England. " Staple commodities 
are the things they want there." Need not declare the happy pro- 
ceedings and welfare of New England. It is a wonder to see what 
they have done in so small a time. [Endorsed by Sec. Coke.'] 

66. Petition of the adventurers to Canada to the Privy Council. 
According to their Lordships' order of 25th July last, Attorney Gen. 
Noye made his report, and awarded to the petitioners 400 marks 
from Maurice Thompson, and 200?. from Capt. Eustace Man, which 
they refuse to pay. Pray that this contempt may be taken into 
consideration, as also the great charges they have been at in taking 
Quebec, keeping it ever since, and now delivering it up to the 
French, almost to the ruin of their estates. Annexed, 

66. I. Attorney Gen. Noye to the Privy Council. Report upon 
the complaint of Capt. Kirke against Capt. Man and Mr. 
Thompson for trading about Canada. Proposes as a final 
end to those controversies that Captain Man should pay 
200?. and M. Thompson 400 marks, but " without expecting 
any of their assents." 


1632. VOL. VI. 

G6. n. Certificate of Jo. Peacock, solicitor to the adventurers of 
Canada ; that he has demanded 400 marks of Maurice 
Thompson, who said he owed the adventurers nothing, nor 
nothing would he pay. 1632, Sept. 5. 

Oct. 07. Governor John Winthrop and John Wilson to Dr. Stoughton. 

Boston, Have heard with much joy of the disposition of his thoughts towards 

New England. ^ IQ L or j' s wor k begun in Boston. Assure him that it would much 

add to the comfort of their souls if he would go to New England and 

help them. Refers him to the bearer, Mr. Peirce, their most faithful 

friend, for information on all other matters. 

Nov. 6. Minutes of the Council for New England. The number of the 
Capt. Mason's Council to be filled up. A new patent from the King to be obtained, 
church 'street P a ^ en ^ s formerly granted, examined. No ship,"passengers, nor goods 
permitted to go to New England without licence from the President 
and Council. No fishermen allowed to trade with the savages, nor 
with the servants of the planters. The King's letters to be procured 
to the Lieutenants of Shires for the poorer sort of people to go 
to New England. A surveyor to be sent over for settling the limits 
of every plantation, also Commissioners to hear and determine 
differences and relieve grievances. The Dutch plantation to be 
considered. Special officers to be transported in the ship London 
Merchants. Copy of Lord Baltimore's patent of Delaware Bay in 
Virginia, to be taken for Sir Hen. Spilrnan. [Colonial Corresp., 
1631, Nov. 4, pp. 15-17.] 

Nov. 13. Minutes as above. A petition to be prepared to the King to 

Lord Great speak with the Dutch Ambassador concerning the Dutch plantation 

Ho^seSmndl in New England, that they should forthwith either relinquish it or 

[Cannon] Kow.become subjects of the King of England. John Peacock appointed 

solicitor in the matter of a new patent. Divers petitions for patents 

of land in New England deferred. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov 


Nov. 19. 68. [Capt.] Tho. Wiggin to Sec. Coke. Having lately returned 
from New England, and visited the English plantations there, par- 
ticularly the Massachusetts, " the largest, best, and most prospering 
in all that land," sends some observations of that country and 
plantation. The country well stored with timber, and will afford 
cordage, pitch, and tar. The English, numbering about 2,000, and 
generally most industrious, have done more in three years than 
others in seven times that space, and at a tenth of the expense. 
They are loved and respected by the Indians, who repair to the 
Governor for justice. He [John Winthrop] is a discreet and sober 
man, wearing plain apparel, assisting in any ordinary labour, and 
ruling with much mildness and justice. Is induced as an eye 
witness to clear the reputation of the plantation from false rumours 
spread abroad by Sir Christ. Gardiner, Morton, and Eatcliffe, all 
discontented and scandalous characters; proofs of which are set 
forth. Upon their false information, Sir Ferd. Gorges is projecting 


1G32. . VOL ' VL 

how to deprive the plantation of the privileges granted by the King, 
arid to subvert the Government, which will be the utter ruin of 
that hopeful colony. Has written this letter out of respect to the 
general good. 

Nov. ? G9. Petition of Edward Winslow, agent for the planters in New 

England, to [the Privy Council]. Confesses that he had spoken by 
way of exhortation to the people in America, and had performed the 
marriage ceremony there, the inhabitants having been seven or 
eight years without a minister, but that had he not done so " we 
might have lost the life and face of Christianity." Reasons for the 
colonists leaving England, " disliking many things in practice here 
in respect of Church ceremony/' and choosing rather to leave the 
country than be accounted troublers of it. Replies to objections 
that they are Brownists, factious Puritans, and schismatics. De- 
scribes the fruitfulness of the country of New England, their con- 
tentions with the French and Dutch, and the valuable supplies they 
can export to England, if the King will continue to them liberty of 
conscience, afford facilities for new settlers, and grant them a free 
commission for displantiiig the French and Dutch. Refers to 
consideration the characters of their adversaries, Morton, twice sent 
to England as a delinquent, Sir Christopher Gardiner, a Jesuit, and 
one Dixie Bull, a pirate. Prays that a country so hopeful may not 
be ruined, nor allowed to suffer by reason of his imprisonment. 

Nov. 21. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. A magazine gone to 
Brooke House. Association, and the island supplied' with a minister. Custom of 
tobacco brought home in the Seaflower. Auditors appointed. 
Allowance to Capt. Tanner to cease, he having undertaken other 
employments. Mr. Dike's demands against the Company. Petition 
from a poor seaman who had received an incurable wound in 
the Company's service, praying for relief, referred for considera- 
tion. Charges incurred by Mr. Rous and family, and others, 
attending the Company's ships' arrival at Plymouth, ordered to 
be paid. The defence of Providence, and Capt. Hilton's proposi- 
tion for the discovery of Fonseca referred to the next meeting. 
[Colonial Entry Bh, Vol. III., pp. 70-73.] 

Nov. 26. Minutes of the Council for New England. Patents granted to 

Lord Chamber- Sir Christ. Gardiner, Capt. Wiggin, and Mr. Delbordge [Delbridge?] 

ChannellRow. of Barastaple. Delivery of the Great Seal. Examination of abuses 

in the plantations of New England referred to the Council on 29th 

May last, loy the Lords of the Privy Council, to be speedily taken 

into consideration. Capt. John Mason chosen Vice- President. 

[Colonial Gorresp., 1631, Nov. 4, p. 18.] 

Nov. 26. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Previous resolu- 

Mr. Treasurer's tions confirmed for lessening the burden of Adventurers, so that 

' gmg ' the island may be the sooner peopled and fortified. Several persons 

who had contracted with members of the Company for parts of their 

shares, admitted adventurers. Auditing of Mr. Treasurer and Mr. 

Hart's accounts. Resolutions for raising money to carry out Capt. 



Hilton's design for discovery of the island of Fonseca. The Charity 
shortly expected home. Petition to be presented to the King for 
renewing a grant for goods exported to be custom free and " easy " 
on tobacco imported. Instructions for the intended voyage to 
Fonseca. Relief to seamen hurt in the Company's service under 
Capt. Tanner. Disposal of the fustick [wood] from Providence. 
Division of tobacco from the Seaflower. The Company's patent to 
be sent to Providence and Association. Robt. Abbott to have 
licence to go in the next ship to Providence. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 73-77.] 

Dec. 12. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Report of Mr. Hart 
Mr. Treasurer's upon the intended voyage to Fonseca ; he is ordered to procure 
Lodging. a pj nnace of forty tons to carry at least twenty persons. Math. Har- 
bottle to be employed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 78.] 

1632. 70. [The Virginia Commissioners] to the Governor and Company 

of Virginia. Are informed by the adventurers of the ship America 
that an edict has been made by them for all ships arriving in 
Virginia to unlade at the port of James City, to the great prejudice 
of the petitioners. Request that the petitioners now proceeding to 
that plantation may unlade and relade in the ports they think most 
convenient. [Draft] 

1632. 71. Minute that Sir Wil. Alexander, Robt. Charlton, and Wil. 

Berkeley were Commissioners for the Gulf and River of Canada 
and parts adjacent. 


Jan. 3. 72. Emanuel Downinge to Sec. Coke. Has made inquiries res 
pecting the ship-carpenters Mr. Winthrop, the Governor, had with 
him in New England. There is Wil. Stephens, who built the Royal 
Merchant of 600 tons, so able a shipwright as there is hardly such 
another to be found in this kingdom, and two or three others. Is 
informed that the plantation will next year build ships of any 
burden. Incloses a copy of the order of the Privy Council. Prays 
God to assist him. Hopes those lewd and scandalous persons may 
receive condign punishment, and the plantation proceed with en- 
couragement, as it deserves. Incloses, 

72. i. Order of the Privy Council appointing a committee to 
examine and report how the patents for plantations in 
New England have been granted; the truth of petitions 
from planters there, and a written relation by Sir Chris- 
topher Gardiner. 1632, Dec. 19. 

Feb. 2. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Mrs. Sherland will 

Mr. Treasurer's pay no more money into the Company's stock. Demands of the 

ouse ' owners of the Charity. Agreement concerning various sums due 

from Mr. Dike. Necessity of a present supply for the island. The 

services of Mr. Hooke for the voyage to Fonseca accepted ; to choose 

ten men to accompany him, and give in a list of their names for 

approval. Math. Harbottle confirmed master of the pinnace for 


1633. VOL. VI. 

Fonseca, with an allowance of 4<l. per month, and Mr. Bray, mate, 
upon Capt. Hilton's recommendation. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 

Feb. 4. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. To bring the island to 
Brooke House, perfection, and prevent the hazard of a total loss, each member moved 
to make up his adventure 1,0001., when he may refuse to go further. 
Discharge of bonds. Dispatch of a large supply to Providence. 
Dangers to be apprehended through the near neighbourhood of the 
Spaniards. The honour of the Church and Commonwealth and their 
own consciences and reputation at stake. Advantages. Committee 
concerning Capt. Hilton's design for discovery of Fonseca, a matter 
of great importance. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 80, 81.] 

Feb. 12. Minutes as above. Demands of the owners of the Charity for al- 
Brooke House, lowance of freight. Sir Nath. Rich desired to draw up rules for the 
future proceedings of the Company. Mr. Upton admitted a member. 
Accounts referred for consideration. Committee to attend business 
incident to the voyage for Fonseca. Details connected with the 
charges and appointment of Mr. Wolsley for that service. Con- 
cluded that each adventurer make up his share to 1,OOOZ. for the 
islands of Providence and Association. Mrs. Sherland advised to join 
the Company in that engagement. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 82-84.] 

Feb. 13. Minutes as above. Petition of the Earl of Holland, Governor of 
Brooke House, the Company, to the King, for an exemption from the custom of 
goods exported and imported by the Company taken into considera- 
tion, and resolved that if an answer is not procured within three 
days, they will then present a petition for a grant to themselves. 
Two of their members desired " to treat with the Lord Treasurer for 
his assistance to the effecting thereof/' [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 87.] 

Feb. 15. Minutes as above. The Committee in town to open all 
public letters brought by the Charity, and order a supply for 
that island. Demands of Mr. Dike for the fresh voyage of 
discovery and his proposals for sending men thither at his own 
charge. Tools and arms for supply of the island against the next 
voyage. Agreement with Mr. Lane to ship himself in the Company's 
pinnace for Fonseca, or if that island be not discovered to Providence, 
to plant his madder, teach his skill to the inhabitants, and be an agent 
for the Company in other parts of the Indies. A pattern of drugs 
and commodities likely to be procured in the Indies to be "sent along 
with the Indian" for their better discovery. Power to the Committee 
to write in the Company's name to Capts. Bell, Hilton, or any others. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 84-86.] 

Feb. 18. Minutes as above. Power to the Committee to write to Capt. 
Hilton in the Company's name proposing to join with him in equal 
division of charge and profit of his forty negroes, and in the pur- 


1633. VOL ' VI - 

cliase of more for Association or Providence. Adventurers to pay 
2(). each for buying provisions against the next supply. Eight more 
servants assigned to Mr. Lane to be sent to Fonseca. Authority for 
the purchase of a pinnace, with forty or fifty men, and provisions 
to be set forth. Capt Roper to go master. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IIL, pp. 86, 87.] 

Feb. 20. 73. Gov. Harve} 7 to the Privy Council. It has always been his care 
Virginia, to moderate the excess of tobacco, by lessening the quantity and 
mending the quality and price. Samples of potashes have been sent 
home and are well approved. Great quantities of saltpetre may 
also be expected, of which a sample is sent by Capt.Wil. Button, who 
is able to give a good account of the present state of the colony. 
Skilful persons should be transported to set the iron works on foot. 
English wheat will be planted. The colony on good terms with 
the Indians. Recommends that the duties [on tobacco] be trebled, 
" for the helping forward better matters/' Prays that his entertain- 
ment may be settled. 

March 4. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. " The master's in- 

Mr. Treasurer's structions for Fonseca" drawn up. Letters to be written to Capt. 

Lodging. jjilton, containing directions in case discovery is not made of that 

island or that it be found unfit for habitation ; to Capt. Bell that 

should the pinnace go to Providence, he may have notice that Capt. 

Hook is sent with ten men to be employed " upon the terms of 

halves," and that a supply may^ soon be effected. Capts. Hilton and 

Bell to make what improvement they are able of the Indian by way 

of trade in his own country. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 88.] 

March 5. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. The most corn- 
Mr. Treasurer's modious way of sending passengers [to Fonseca] not to exceed 
Lodging, twenty, the pinnace not capable of accommodating more than that 
number ; and other details connected with the voyage. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 88, 89.] 

March 9-11. Minutes as above. The Charity in the Downs. The Company's 
letters brought by the purser on the following day [9th]. On 1 1th 
the general letters are read and all the members of the Company are 
requested to come to London to take them into consideration. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IIL, p. 89.] 

March 15. Minutes as above. Payment of the mariners' wages of the Charity 
and other matters connected with her discharge. Mr. Morgan's sub- 
mission ; acknowledges his two calumnious letters from Providence 
and his wrong to the Company. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IIL, 
pp. 89, 90.] 

March 16. Minutes as above. Directions touching the charge of carrying 
twenty men and twenty tons of goods to Providence ; the pur- 
chase of clothes, shoes, and tools for them ; the rest of the twenty 


1633. VoL - VL 

tons to be made up in shoes, shirts, canvas suits, and tools ; Mr. 
Holligrove to take his ship from Providence immediately to Associa- 
tion to be freighted. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 90, 91.] 

March 19. Minute of a Committee for Providence Island. Upon a request 
Brooke House. o f Mr. Dike concerning his adventure in the voyage of discovery 
[to Fonseca]. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 9 1 .] 

March 20. Minute as above. The wife of Thos. Gryme, gunner in Associa- 
Brooke House, tion Island, is allowed twenty shillings towards her maintenance, in 
consideration of her husband's good services there. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., p. 91.] 

March 21. Minutes as above. The mariners of the Charity are examined 
Brooke House, upon divers complaints concerning the ill carriage of Mr. Punt in 
his late voyage not providing for the comfort of the passengers ; 
abating a considerable portion of their allowance of bread and beer ; 
uncivil usage of Mr. Halhead, joined in commission with himself 
in command of the passengers ; beating a seaman who complained 
of want of victuals, and taking in "ill water" at Nevis. The 
mariners allowed 40s. for dinner. Mr. Morgan's submission drawn 
up by himself accepted. His books left in Providence to be priced by 
a stationer when the Company will purchase them ; his request for 
reward referred for consideration. [Colonial Entry Bk., VoL III., 
pp. 92, 93.] 

March 22. Minutes as above. Payment to the workmaster's wife for services 

Brooke House, jn Providence. Estimate of the charges for fitting out the pinnace 

[for Fonseca] to be prepared. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 94.] 

March 26. Minutes as above. Letters to Capts. Bell and Hilton are dis- 
Brooke House, patched. After debate the intended voyage to Fonseca is respited ; 
the pinnace to be forthwith dispatched to Providence and touching 
at Association to take in Capt. Hilton and such persons as he may 
appoint for discovery of trade in the Bay of Darien. Mr. Hook to 
have his full number of ten servants, Mr. Lane but six, with an 
addition by the next ship. Money provided for discharge of the 
Charity. Five pounds bestowed upon Mr. Morgan, and Mr. Treasurer 
desired to make the payment agreed upon for his books. The Com- 
pany's mark to be placed upon ten pieces of ordnance for Providence 
by the next ship. Fifty shillings to be paid Humph. Isham, one of 
the mates in the Charity. Strict examination to be made on Friday 
next into the complaints against Punt. Mr. Bradley to have liberty 
to go to Providence, and six servants to be sent to him by the next 
ship. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 94-96.] 

March 28. Minutes as above. Bond of 1,000?. for the use of the Company 
Brooke House, sealed. Agreements with Edw. Williams signed. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., p. 96.] 

April 10. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell, Governor. 
London. Have received his letters of 9th Nov. and 19 Dec. last. Allow him 32 




servants for salary, and encourage him to look after the planting of 
cotton, madder, and other commodities which will return good pro- 
fits. Will take care that by the next ship the surgeon's chest is 
well furnished. Thank him for his good usage of the Indians. 
Are glad that former breaches are made up, and desire that unity 
may be preserved. Conceive that 20 or 40 negroes might be very 
useful for public works, but think that too great a number in the 
island might as yet be dangerous. If any ordnance taken by the 
Dutch, is offered, he is authorized to give commodities or victuals in 
exchange. Some restrictions in trading with strangers removed, and 
certain privileges allowed. Hope that the reports of the enemy's pre- 
parations are untrue. Recommend diligence in fortification. Re- 
joice to hear of the people's thankfulness for faithful ministers and 
their desire for a continual supply ; intend to send one over by the 
next ship to supply Mr. Ditloff 's place if he still purposes a removal. 
Concur in approbation of the mates, Wells and Collins. Will enter- 
tain his proposals for procuring cochineal, &c. Wants for the com- 
munion shall be prevented hereafter. Commend his attention to 
their instructions concerning Mr. Morgan ; and his advice in getting 
able men experienced in martial employments ; hope to send a sup- 
ply by the next ship. " Our Dutch Carpenter" to be encouraged. 
Request him to defer setting out the 20 proportions [of land] for 
the Company ; to enquire into WiL Russell's complaints that agree- 
ments had not been kept with him. Mr. Punt's misdemeanors are 
under examination. Truck for the Indians now sent. Directions 
concerning the meal taken over in the Hopewell. Commend the 
readiness of Capt. Rudyerd and his men to finish his fort. Will 
maintain the authority of the Council table. Masons, carpenters, 
and sawyers by the next ship. Commend Serjeant Whitehead. Justify 
his censure of Jeremy Elfrith for opposing Mr. Morgan, but desire 
him to inform Elfrith that the Company are willing to take him into 
their favour. Agree to widow Bunberry's request, to be discharged 
from the Company's service. Explain the meaning of the 23rd 
Article of their late instructions, touching those that die in the island. 
Comment upon Mr. Ditloff's reasons for suspending Mr. Halhead from 
the sacrament. Desire that Mr. Holligrove, Mr. Yeo, and their servants 
may be carefully " disposed of." Twenty passengers now sent over. 
Desire he will assign portions of land in the most convenient places 
to Mr. Hook, Mr. Bradley, and Mr. Lane. Request that Mr. Lane 
may be afforded every facility for planting his madder. Direct 
him to entertain Capt. Hilton with all fitting courtesy should he go 
in the pinnace to Providence, and to allow Lane and Roger Floud 
to accompany Hilton. Detailed instructions concerning the voyage. 
Liberty to Captain Bell, notwithstanding any former restraint, to 
dispose of his tobacco to the Dutch. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IV., pp. 46-48.] 

April. The Governor and Company of Providence Island to Governor 

Bell. Have received his letters and are rejoiced to hear of the safety 
and plenty of the colony. Complain that their instructions were 


1633. VoL ' VL 

not attended to, for taking in a freight, prepared against the return 
of the Charity to Association, whereby the Company have sustained 
much loss, and the planters much damage. Directions for the dis- 
posal of 20 men and goods now sent. Another supply of a larger 
proportion may shortly be expected. Recommend care in planting 
necessary provisions and in the further discovery of ways of profit 
for the Company. Wish cotton to be planted, but forbid the sending 
home of any freight by this ship. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IV., p. 44.] 

April 10. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 
London. Have received their letters of 9th Nov., and approve of their care. 
Have remitted Mr. Morgan's offence upon his submission. Are 
very sorry that the passengers were visited with " that dangerous 
infection ;" great care taken for their comfort, and inquiry is being 
made by whom the Company's intentions were abused. A magazine 
could not be transported by this pinnace [the Elizabeth] but supplies 
will be furnished by the next ship, particularly necessaries for the 
surgeon, a good quantity of wine for the communion, and a convenient 
supply of strong waters to be " used for health and not for disorder/' 
Answer complaints concerning the " illness" of the meal. Hope the 
planters' future diligence will recompense their former slackness in 
fortification. Small returns from the island ; means to be adopted to 
increase them. Encourage the planting of cotton. Are exceedingly 
glad of the reformation occasioned by their instructions, and strongly 
recommend the preservation of unity and peace. Disposal of 
servants and plantations by the next ship. Instructions to put 
the coneys into the little islands or else destroy them, as being 
more destructive than rats. Desire a valuation may be put upon 
the estate of Ed. Williams. Complain of the long detention 
of the ship at Providence. Intend to lay the foundation of a trade 
at Cape Gratia de Dios, and to employ persons acquainted with the 
character and language of the Indians. Forbid trucking with them. 
Conduct to be observed towards them. Direct examination into 
complaints that the stores are partially distributed. Hope that 
former experience will prevent the planters from incurring the hazard 
of want. Commend the courage shown upon "the Dutchmen's" 
approach, and desire that a course be resolved upon in case " any 
suspicious ship shall press on the shore in that manner." [Colonial 
Entry Bh, Vol. IV., pp. 45, 46.] 

April 10. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Mr. Hollygrove 
Brooke House, to have authority to take with him from St. Kitt's to Providence 
twenty men, upon certain conditions ; Capt. Camock to buy Lord 
Paulet's pinnace for the Company. Two mates, Wells and Collins, to 
be again employed in the Company's service. Mr. Upton to purchase 
Irish beef and other provisions in Devonshire for their next voyage. 
Answers to the general letters from Providence and Association are 
signed and sealed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 97.] 




April 13, Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Examination 
Brooke House, of the accusations against Punt, in presence of the Masters of tho 
Trinity House; particulars of the charge to be submitted for their 
opinions. Finance. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 97, 98.] 

April 15. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Richard 
Lane, bound in the Elizabeth to the West Indies. On his arrival 
at Association, if Capt. Hilton resolve not to accompany him, to 
receive from him and Capt. Bell directions for " our intended trade." 
If Capt. Hilton goes, to accompany him to Providence, and after 
planting his madder to depart with Capt. Hilton for managing the 
trade, an account of which is to be kept. Preservation, making 
inventories, and sending home the commodities procured ; if of value, 
to be kept with all possible secrecy. To receive instructions from 
Capts. Hilton and the Governor and Council of Providence, and 
to accompany the goods .home if he see cause. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., p. 49.] 

April 15. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island for Rich. 
London. Lane, in case Capt. Hilton does not go with him from Association to 
Providence. After having planted his madder, to take on board 
Roger Floud and other persons, not to exceed eight, as the Governor 
and Council of Providence think fit. To go to the Bay of Darien, 
with goods for trade. To provide against fear of discovery by the 
Spaniards, and foul weather. To use means to ingratiate himself 
and company with the Indians. Not to give cause to suspect the 
value of their gifts. To conceal the object of their coming, but 
express a desire of renewing friendship with them, " favourers of 
the English nation, and especially of Don Francisco Draco (whose 
name they seem to honour)." To make advantage of them by trade 
for gold, &c. ; discover what things may be obtained from them, 
and their value ; labour to possess them with the natural goodness 
of the English nation ; and restrain any boisterous carriage to the 
women, and particularly " mocking, pointing, or laughing at their 
nakedness." To prohibit the seamen from entertaining much 
familiarity with the natives, much less trade. Power to inflict 
reasonable punishment upon offenders. When furnished with a 
good return to go back to Providence and dispose of the goods as 
formerly instructed. Observance of directions from Capt. Hilton, 
commended to his care. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 50.] 

April 15. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Mat. 
Harbottle, master of the Elizabeth, bound thither. To go to the 
West Indies, touch at St. Christopher's or Barbadoes, for cotton seed 
and all other fruits, seeds, plants, and commodities growing there, 
and thence to Association, to deliver the Company's letter to Capt. 
Hilton, and take him and others on board. Thence to sail for 
Providence, deliver the letters and supplies, and land Capt. Hook, 
Bradley, and Lane. If Capt. Hilton cannot or will not remove from 
Association, to attend to Mr. Lane's instructions. Private trade for- 
bidden, nor any seaman under his command to be permitted to truck 


1633 VoL - VL 

for commodities. To return to England when required to do so. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., VoL IV., p. 49.] 

April 15. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Instructions to 
Brooke House. Harbottle, master of the Elizabeth ; to Lane, for managing the trade 
in the Bay of Darien, in case Capt. Hilton does not go with him ; 
and to Bradley, are signed and sealed. Security given against a 
bond. Captain Camock, having bought Lord Paulet's pinnace for 
the Company for 405?., Collins is ordered to bring her into the 
Thames, and make her ready with all speed for a voyage. [Colonial 
Entry Bk,, VoL III., p. 98.] 

April 28. 74. The Privy Council to Capt. John Pennington. "Warrant to 
Whitehall, require all commanders of ships coming from any of the English 
plantations to give bond to bring their vessels and lading, without 
breaking bulk, into the port of London, or some other port of the 
kingdom, there to enter and unlade their goods. [The date has been 
altered from 18 February 1632-3.] 

May 11. Patent to Sir Wil. Alexander and others, for sole trade to the 
river and gulf of Canada, and all places adjacent, for beaver and all 
other skins and wool, for thirty-one years. [Minute. Colonial 
Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

May 11. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Capt. Hart's offer 
Brooke House. f or hj s son to be employed in the island, with 16 servants. Pas- 
sengers and freight to go in the Falcon. Orders concerning the 
customs upon tobacco and goods exported. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 99, 100.] 

May 14. Minutes as above. Concerning alterations in the Golden Falcon 
Brooke House. f or the better accommodation of passengers and lading ; the Earl 
of Warwick desired to give such directions as he conceives fit 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 100.] 

May 18. Minutes as above. John Collins appointed master of the Golden 

Brooke House. Falcon, John Wells, a mate, and Maurice Boynes an ordinary 

seaman, the latter undertaking to discover certain brass ordnance 

sunk at sea, which might easily be recovered. [Colonial Entry 

Bk., Vol. III., p. 100.] 

May 22. Minutes as above. Supplies for Capt. Bell and his wife ; Capt. 
Brooke House. Sussex Camock to be commander of the passengers in the Golden 
Falcon, and director of a trade at Cape Gratia de Dios ; his allowance. 
Ed. Williams and Natli. Marston appointed agents for the Company 
in matters of commerce, " in regard to their knowledge of those 
parts." Money engagements of the Company. Isaac Barton is en- 
tertained in the Company's service, and two servants allowed him, to 
be transported in the Falcon. Members to be appointed to view the 
goods and provisions previous to their being sent to the island. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. I 1 1., pp. 101-2.] 



May 25. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Provisions for 
Brooke House, the Golden Falcon. Mr. Roote appointed one of the ministers of the 
colony ; his entertainment. Five pounds, part of the wages of Rich. 
Field, gunner, ordered to be paid to his wife. Hump. Isham enter- 
tained one of the mates in the Falcon. Sir Edmund Moundford's 
adventure. Order for victualling the Falcon, and providing her 
with a magazine, the whole not to exceed 600?. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., pp. 102-3.] 

May 27. Minutes as above. Edw. Williams engages himself a servant for 
Brooke House, three years in the place of Lewis Morris, discharged from the Com- 
pany's service ; the master of the Falcon to teach him the art 

of navigation while at sea. 
May 28. Payment of customs for goods outward. Mr. Hart to have the 

tobacco in the Company's warehouse, but not under 16c. per Ib. 
May 30. Various payments ordered. Mr. Punt's wages. Resolved to 

proceed with the charge against him in the Trinity House. Phil. 

Trippett entertained a gunner in Providence. 
June 1. The eldest son of Lord Say and Sele and John Michell admitted 

June 3. Maurice Boynes entertained a gunner. Mr. Hart ordered to sell 

tobacco at 14c. per Ib. 
June 6. Several payments ordered. The freight of 50 Ibs. of tobacco 

allowed Mrs. Goodman, the workmaster's wife. 
June 7. Agreement with John Heath for his services in the trade at the 

Cape. Mr. Hart licensed to sell tobacco at 13c. per Ib., as he could 

not get more for it. 
J une 10. Order upon a letter received from the Masters of the Trinity House 

concerning the charge against Punt. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 

pp. 103-107.] 

June 17. 75. Demands of the Canada Adventureres from WiL De Caen of 
Dieppe. For fetching home 100 soldiers from the fort of Quebec, 
goods delivered at Tadousac, and beaver skins put aboard a French 
pinnace, the Lyon. The total amounts to 4,4 17. 2s. 6d. [Dated as 
above, but endorsed by Sec. Coke, "1634, Oct. 12. Demands of the 
Canada Merchants/'] 

June 26. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Concerning Nat. 

Brooke House. Marston's bill for his voyage. Capt. Camock to provide needful 

things for fortification requested by Capt. Axe. Maurice Boynes, his 

brother and his wife, to be permitted to go to Providence by the 

next ship. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 107.] 

June 28. Minutes as above. Payments ordered to Maurice Boynes, Good- 
Brooke House, man King, the bricklayer, and Phil. Trippett. Charges of the 
Company. Agreements with Mr. Roote and Ed. Williams signed 
and sealed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 108.] 

July 1. Minutes as above. Order concerning the Falcon taking on board 
Brooke House. a t Dartmouth certain arms and provisions. The Company's letters, 
commissions, instructions, and articles are sealed. Various payments 
ordered. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. Ill, pp. 108-9.] 



July 1. 


July 1. 


The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell, Governor. Are 
forced to defer sending his full number of servants until a better 
opportunity. Prohibited the inspection of letters, at the request of 
some men sent from hence, and not from any jealousy of him or 
information that it had been done. Instructions concerning Capt. 
Camock, should he leave any person under his command in the island, 
or wish to add any to his number. Liberty to mate Wells to return 
with his wife to England. When the pinnace [the Golden Falcon] is 
unladen she is to be wholly at the disposal of Capt. Camock. A ton 
of mocoachan, commonly called wild potatoes, to be gathered, if not 
from Providence from Henrietta, and sent home, being a drug of 
value. Directions for the disposal of ordnance, servants, or negroes 
from Association. 20. given to Mr. Finch ; not willing to exceed that 
sum " out of a desire that you may continue an example of frugality 
to the rest of the inhabitants." Supplies previously and now sent 
to serve for two years. Complaints of Mr. Danvers about servants 
and provisions to be remedied, and leave granted him to come 
to England, leaving his family behind. Wish to be informed of the 
carriage of Jo. Lidsey, the apothecary. Have resolved to place the 
public servants into families; their distribution. Approve of his 
judgment in the point of difference between Capts. Elfrith and Axe. 
Concerning those servants whose times are nearly expired. Cannot 
engage in the charge of more men ; in the meantime those servants 
may join themselves in families. Book to be kept of all persons 
employed in the public works. Mr. Eoote to be placed in some good 
family, till able to provide for himself. The two gunners now sent 
to be employed in giving instructions in their art, and other useful 
occupations. Licence for Peter Finchley to come home. Mr. 
Bradley to have six servants if they can be furnished. Desire that 
a stone from the main, which Nath. Marston is desirous should be 
sent, when the right of all parties interested shall be determined, 
may be previously sealed up. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., 
pp. 53-55.] 

The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 
Complain that no real demonstration of the industry of the island 
has been received, and regret that so much time has been spent in 
private quarrellings, and little or none in the improvement of the 
plantation. Will not proceed in vast expenses as formerly, until 
some staple commodities are raised, and the colony can do without 
an immediate dependence upon the Company's magazines. Send 
but a small vessel, and very few men. Cannot now supply their 
officers with servants, but hope they will wait as patiently as them- 
selves. Are now upon the sale of the planter's tobacco, which 
yields " so base a price." The fustick wood has been disposed of ; 
directions for distributing half the proceeds. Inconvenience of 
complying with their request for more public men. Reprove the 
planters for desiring to be exempted from public works ; a levy of 
men directed to complete those already begun. Unequal distribution 
of the stores. Ordnance and gunners sent, and soldiers promised. 


1633. L " VL 

TJselessness of Warwick Fort. Serj. Whitehead confirmed in his 
office, and additional muskets promised, that he may instruct all the 
planters. Authorized Councillors to act as Justices, with appeal to 
the Council table. Concerning the sale of servants, and selling or 
letting plantations. Mr. Essex's estate settled upon Mr. Halhead. 
Mr. Acton upon that belonging to Ed. Williams. The stones sent of 
no value. Request an account how the seeds, plants, drugs, dyes, 
and other commodities thrive, and the quantity of cotton. Re- 
commend to their care Mr. Roote, a minister. All fines levied to be 
for the Company's use. Request the carriages for ordnance to be 
made serviceable, and reprove the perish of powder " for want of 
boards." Discussions at the Council table to be secret. Some 
engines sent for their cotton, and a mill for oil-seed. Recommend 
madder and indigo to their care as commodities of extraordinary 
value. Will send a ship of great burthen, and a number of men 
when the island can return it freighted with staple commodities. 
Some of their records referred for consideration ; those sent over to 
be duly entered and certified. The proceedings upon Mr. Halhead's 
complaint against Punt so imperfectly entered that the charge 
against Mr. Rons " remains still unsatisfied." [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., pp. 51-53.] 

July 1. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Sussex Camock. Appointing him commander of all persons on 
board the Golden Falcon, bound to Providence or Cape Gratia de 
Dios, and Director General of Trade discovered in the Cape or 
elsewhere ; and Edw. Williams and Nath. Marston agents for such 
trade. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 56.] 

July 1. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 

London. Sussex Camock. To " set " with his Company upon Cape Gratia de 
Dios, there to discover and maintain a trade with the natives. To 
preserve the true worship of God and repress sin. To leave disorderly 
persons at Providence, and add such numbers to his Company as 
may be willing to go from thence. Power to employ the Elizabeth 
at the Cape, and mate Wells. Intercourse with the Indians. To 
inquire after merchantable commodities, and advise with Williams 
and Marston in matters of trade. Goods issued out of the stores to 
be entered, and a journal of all proceedings kept, particularly of the 
character and number of people, their government, commodities, 
countries, rivers, &c. No seaman to trade with the Indians. 
Employment of the Golden Falcon. Authority to buy negroes 
from the Dutch, to be disposed of by the Governor of Providence. 
Commodities obtained at the Cape. Power to appoint a successor 
in case of sickness. To examine every man's chest before landing 
at the Cape, whether he have commodities for private trade, and if 
so, to be disposed of for the Company's use. To. advise of a fit 
place to establish a colony for trade, and the men, ordnance, and 
ammunition requisite. [Colonial Entry Bk. } Vol. IV., pp. 56-58.] 


1633. VoL - VL 

July 1. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Jos. 

Collins, master of the Golden Falcon. Course of his ship ; to sail 
direct to Association ; discharge of freight and passengers. To 
receive orders from Capt. Camock for his return home. Trade with 
the Indians strictly prohibited. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV. ^ 
p. 58.] 

July 3. 76. Order of the Privy Council, upon petition of the planters 

Star Chamber. j n Virginia, remonstrating against certain grants of a large portion 
of the lands within the limits of that colony, and their differences 
with Lord Baltimore ; directing that Lord Baltimore be left to his 
patent, and the other parties to the course of law according to their 

July 3. 77- Copy of the above. 

Star Chamber. 

July 3. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Elfrith. Have no 

London. intention to look back upon his former failings. Are heartily sorry 
to hear of differences between two friends so nearly related. En- 
treat him to maintain peace and unity. Explain the duties of his 
place of Admiral. Confer upon him the command of the fort at 
Black Rock, as an evidence of " our love and opinion of your 
fidelity," and promise him ten servants. Commend his diligence 
and care of the plantation, and desire that he will particularly 
attend to the planting of cotton and other staple commodities. 
{Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 55, 56.] 

July 4. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. John Michell admitted 
a member. Mr. Key, minister of Association, to be free to go with 
Capt. Camock to exercise his ministry. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. I I I., p. 109.] 

July 8. Minutes as above. Inconvenience attending the absence 
Brooke House, of the Governor or Deputy. Agreement with Bernard Conyers, 
appointed Lieutenant of the fort at Black Rock, to go in the 
next ship to Providence. Mr. Roote, the minister, allowed 10Z. for 
his comfortable transportation. Building houses for the ministers in 
the colony. Audit of accounts, and means of raising money. Con- 
cerning the return of the ships from Association, the collection of 
debts from Capt. Hilton and others, and the transport of goods. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 109-113.] 

July 9. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Accounts. Sale of 
Brooke House, tobacco. A committee appointed concerning the discharge of cus- 
toms for goods outward ; the business of Fonseca, and trade upon 
the Cape. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 113-14.] 

July 11. Minute as above. Lords Say and Brooke to have five pieces of 
Brooke House, ordnance for their use in New England upon certain conditions. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 114.] 




July 12. 

78. [The King] to the Governor and Council of Virginia. The 
petition of the Governor and planters in Virginia has been referred to 
the Privy Council, who have ordered that there should be mutual 
correspondence between them and Lord Baltimore, for the advance- 
ment of Virginia ; and Lord Baltimore, intending to transport a 
good number of persons " to that part called Maryland, which we 
have given him," they are directed to give him friendly help and 
assistance in furtherance of his undertaking. [Draft, with cor- 

July 12. 79. Copy of the preceding. 

July 19. 


July 29. 


July 29. 


July 29. 


The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell. Send goods 
by the William and Mary, bound for Association, which the Falcon 
was unable to carry. Refer him for particular instructions to their 
general letter by that vessel. Greatly desire the prosperity of the 
colony, and hope to be made acquainted with its condition on every 
opportunity. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 59.] 

The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell. The bearer 
Edw. Williams, was left behind by accident at the Falcon's de- 
parture. It was intended to employ him in Capt. Carnock's company 
upon the main, at Cape Gratia de Dios. He will be sent by this 
vessel [the William and Mary], Request Capt. Bell to give him 
every facility to join that company, and to let him remain a free 
man in Providence, allowing him convenient maintenance. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 59.] 

The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Camock. The 
bearer, Edw. Williams, has desired the opportunity of transporting 
himself to Tortuga in the Wil. and Mary, that he may the sooner 
meet with. him. Request Capt. Camock to employ him in such 
services upon the main as were at first intended. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. IV., p. 60.] 

Warrant from the Company of Providence Island for Jas. Borton, 
mariner of the Golden Falcon, accidentally left behind in England, 
to go to Tortuga in the Wil. and Mary ; to be permitted to take 
all opportunities to recover his ship, and received into his first 
intended employment. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 60.] 

" Propositions for fishing," divided into three parts, in the hrnd- 
writing of Sec. Coke. The new discoveries of Virginia, New Eng- 
land, New Scotland, and the rest employing above 300 English ships ; 
have been often interrupted by the French, and of late by the 
Dutch. The English should possess fit places in Canada and elsewhere, 
to protect the fishermen and inhabitants. The north fishings on the 
coasts of Greenland and Iceland; and the fishings in the King's 
own seas. The greater portion of this paper of 37 pages is devoted 
to this last head, and it is proposed to erect a company of ad- 


1633. VoL - VL 

venturers of English, Scottish, and Irish, to provide busses for 
carrying on the fishing trade. [DOMESTIC Corresp., Car. /.] 

Aug. 14. 80. Sir John Wolstenholme, Sir Abrah. Dawes, Wil. Tucker, Thos. 
Stones, Wil. Fellgate, and Thos. Collins, the Virginia Commissioners, 
to [the Privy Council], Have had meetings with divers of the chief 
planters of Virginia, and recommend a compliance with their peti- 
tion, praying for a renewal of their ancient charter and that their 
trade may be carried on wholly by the English and the returns made 
into England only ; with reasons. 

Aug. 16. 81. Sir John Wolstenholme to Sir William Beecher. Concerning 
propositions presented to the Council by Capt. Tucker for restraining 
the Dutch from trading to Virginia. Requests that letters may be 
sent by a ship presently to depart for Virginia, that the Dutch may 
not be admitted to trade nor lade any goods in their ships. 

Aug. ? 82. Certain reasons to prove that if the Dutch be admitted to 

trade in Virginia, it will be a great loss to the King and a prejudice 
to the plantation. 

Sept. 23. Commission to Thos. Yong, gent., to discover places not yet 
inhabited in Virginia and other parts of America. [Minute. 
Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

Sept. 24. 83. Gualter of Twilley, Governor of the Dutch plantation, to 

Oct. 4. Governor [John Winthrop] of Massachusetts Bay. Concerning the 

Fort Amsterdam,right of the Dutch to the [Hudson ?] river. Has taken possession of i n the name of the States General and set up a house on the north 

side with intent to plant. Desires he will defer his claim until their 

superior magistrates are agreed. [Translation of part of a letter from 

the Governor of the Dutch. Endorsed by Sec. Coke.] 

Oct. 19. 84. Sec. Coke to Admiral Pennington. Complaint having been 
made that the Ark of London, Rich. Lowe, master, carrying men 
for Lord Baltimore to his new plantation in or about New England, 
had sailed from Gravesend contrary to orders, the company in charge 
of Capt. Winter not having taken the oath of allegiance, he is directed 
to make stay of her. [On the 30th Oct. licence was granted for the 
Ark and the Dove to go to Maryland, the oath having been ad- 
ministered to the passengers. See Council Register.] 

[Nov. 2.] 85. Petition of. George Johnson, drummer, John Blosse, David 
Markes, and William Everett to the Admiralty. The great Seahorse 
lately commanded by Capt. Rich. Quayle, deceased, and then by 
Capt. Marsh, came to the West Indies in great distress, most of the 
company being dead and the others utterly disabled to bring her 
home. The petitioners to do the King service, left their plantations 
at Nevis 10th April last, and brought the ship safely to Plymouth, 
where they were discharged in September last. Poor men and in 
great distress, they pray that Sir Will. Russell, the Treasurer of 
the Navy, may have orders to pay what is due to them. Under- 


1033. VOL ' VL 

written, the petitioners are referred to those who entertained them 
to serve in the ship, the voyage having been undertaken for the 
benefit of private men. Whitehall, 2 Nov. 1633. 

Nov. 4. Minutes of a Committee for Association. Letters are read from 
Capt. Hilton and Mr. Upton, by the Dainty of Dartmouth, con- 
cerning the affairs of that island, and the passengers authorized to 
sell their own tobacco to the best profit. Twenty tons of braziletta 
wood brought home to be sold at SOL per ton ; 1 5s. per ton customs 
to be paid and the customers compounded with for 15 tons. Finance. 
Letter to be written to Mr. Ashman in Middleburgh, about goods 
consigned to him from Association. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 114, 115.] 

Nov. 11. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Capt. Hawley, at 

Mr. Treasurer's Barbadoes, allowed 51. for an engine for cotton. The wife of G. Fitch, 

L use ' surgeon of the Falcon, allowed 4Z. part of his wages. Accounts. 

Demands of the owners of the Dainty of Portsmouth for freight. 

[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 115, 116.] 

Nov. 21. Minutes as above. The wife of Mat. Harbottle allowed 12Z., 
part of her husband's wages. Mr. Hart's accounts. A bill for work 
done in the Falcon by one Hawkins, a shipwright, referred to the 
Earl of Warwick. [Colonial Entry Bk. } Vol. III., pp. 116, 117.] 

Nov. 23. Minutes as above. Mr. Hart presented a list of persons to whom 
he desired the remainder of his account might be paid. Propositions 
by Mr. Bolton the linen draper. Mrs. Lane to receive 10Z. for half 
a year's wages due to her husband ; and the wife of Rich. Field, 
gunner in Providence, 51., for one quarter's wages. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., p. 117.] 

Nov. 28. Minutes as above. As few of the Company could assemble, an 
Brooke House, adjournment was ordered to Monday the 2nd of December. \Golonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 117.] 

Nov. 86. Petition of James Clemonts, John Herricke, and John Smith, 

plaintiffs, against Lord Baltimore and Gabriel Hawley his deputy, 
defendants, to the King. Set forth that Hawley billeted men and 
women for Maryland at 12dL a day in the houses of the petitioners, 
but took them away without giving satisfaction for their entertain- 
ment, amounting to about 60., and Lord Baltimore refers them for 
payment to Hawley, now a prisoner in the Fleet. Pray that Lord 
Baltimore, whose ship is ready to sail, may be ordered to give 
satisfaction before his departure. 

Nov. 87. Petition of Sir John Wolstenholme, and other planters, with 

Capt. Will. Claybourne, in Virginia, to the Privy Council. Have 
been at great charge in settling an island, by them named the 
Isle of Kent, within Chesapeak Bay, which has since been compre- 
hended in Lord Baltimore's patent. Pray that they may enjoy free 
trade, and that Lord Baltimore may settle in some other place. 


1633. VOL. VI. 

Dec. 2. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Mr. Ball admitted an 
adventurer. Letters read from Association from Capt. Camock, of 
3rd Oct. last, and from Capt. Hilton. Various debts ordered to be 
paid. Mr. Treasurer being sued by the Attorney Gen. for remaining 
in town, ordered that the Company petition the King for the 
Treasurer's stay in London, as their affairs would be greatly pre- 
judiced should he be forced to remove to the country. Thos. Dew, 
accused by Capt. Hilton of mutiny in Association, directed to 
prepare his answer against next meeting. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 118-19.J 

Dec. 6. 88. Minute of the Council for New England. Division of part 
of the lands comprised in the patent of Piscataqua agreed to. 

Dec. 6. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. A day appointed, 
upon Dr. Rand's application, for examination of Mr. Hart's account 
of goods received from Capt. Hilton. Payment to Mr. Craven, one 
of the owners of the Charity, for wages due to Wil. Craven, a 
mariner. Thos. Dew denied Capt. Hilton's accusation of an inten- 
tion to run away from Association; 5001bs. of tobacco, brought by 
him in the Dainty, ordered to be given up to him upon certain 
conditions. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. I I I., pp. 119-20.] 

1633 ? 89. Answer of Thomas Babb, merchant, to the Bill of Complaint 

of George Rolfe. That he took over Barbara Rolfe to New England 
at her father's request, because by no fair means could she be per- 
suaded to follow a civil and orderly course of life. Rolfe refuses to 
pay him the expenses incurred on her behalf, including 27s. disbursed 
by one Trelawny, for the necessary occasions of Barbara, whose loose 
behaviour in New England forced him to be at the charge of trans- 
porting her to another plantation. 


Case containing parchment documents calendared under their re- 
spective dates. 

VOL. VIII. 1634-1635. 

Jan. 24. 1. Order of the Court of Star Chamber. Upon petition of 

Star Chamber, merchants, and owners of ships of Plymouth, Dartmouth, Barnstaple, 

and others who use the fishing trade in Newfoundland, complaining 


1634 VOL - V1IL 

of abuses ; approving the report of Attorney General Noye, ap- 
pended, who certifies his opinion as to the remedies to be applied ; 
and directing that copies be forthwith published as well in several of 
the western parts of England as in Newfoundland. {Copy. On 
29 Jan., upon another petition from the same persons, the Privy 
Council ordered that merchants and owners of shipping, and all 
others that benefit by the fishing trade in Newfoundland, should con- 
tribute equal proportions to the great charges that will be incurred in 
carrying out these laws. [See Council Register.] 

Jan. 24. Another copy of the preceding. [Colonial Entry Bit., Vol. LXV., 
pp. 28-31.] 

Jan. [24.] 2. Attorney Gen. Noye to the Privy Council. The King may 
give laws to Newfoundland. Submits some that may serve for 
the present, with power to certain mayors of towns, to execute 
them. [Extract from the report above mentioned, where these laws 
are recited at length.} 

Jan 27. Minutes of a Committee for Association Island. Capt. Hilton's 
accounts. Debt from Lieut. Buckley. Being informed of Capt. 
Hilton's intention to desert the island and draw most of the inhabi- 
tants along with him, ordered that Lieut. Buckley be entrusted with 
a declaration to be publicly read to the planters, assuring them of 
the care and protection of the Company, and dissuading them from 
changing certain ways of profit already discovered for uncertain 
hopes suggested by fancy or persuasion. Debt from Abrah. 
Chamberlayne. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 120, 122.] 

Feb. 4. Henry Dade, Commissioner of Suffolk, to the Archbishop of Can- 
Ipswich, terbury. Two ships [the Francis and the Elizabeth] sail about 1 Oth 
of March with six score men in each, and provisions for their abiding 
in New England. Supposes they are indebted persons or discon- 
tented with the government of our Church. Hears that about 600 
more will shortly go over. Ill effects of suffering such swarms to go 
out of England ; trade will be overthrown, and persons indebted 
will fly into New England, and be accounted religious men for 
leaving the Kingdom, because they cannot endure the ceremonies of 
the Church. Mr. Ward, of Ipswich, by preaching against the con- 
tents of the Book of Common Prayer, has caused this giddiness and 
desire to go to New England. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I. These 
ships and nine others bound for New England, were stayed in 
February by order of the Privy Council, through the frequent trans- 
portation to New England of great numbers of persons known to be 
ill-affected to the Government, adding to the disorders already 
grown in the colony. On 28 Feb. they were all discharged under 
articles for performing prayers according to the Book of Common 
Prayer of the Established Church, and taking the oaths of alle- 
giance. [See Council Register] 


1634. VOL - VIIL **i 

Feb. 6. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. Few of the members 
^Brooke House, assembling, an'adjournment was ordered to Monday the 10th inst. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 122.] 

Feb. 8. 3. Governor Sir John Harvey, John West, Sam. Mathews, John 
James City. Utie, Thos. Hinton, Thos. Purify, Hugh Bullock, and Wil. Peirce, 
the Council of Virginia, to the Privy Council. Corn so plentiful that 
although about 1,200 new comers have arrived this year 5,000 
bushels have been exported for the relief of New England. The 
colony abounds with cattle and swine. The only want is arms and 
ammunition ; necessity of a supply. The inhabitants importunate 
for a confirmation of their lands and privileges promised by the 
King, by reason of a grant to Lord Baltimore. Have not swerved 
from their instructions concerning trading with strangers. Case of 
John Constable and others who did their best to defraud the King's 
customs. Suggest remedies, and that a custom-house should be 
erected in the colony to defray the charge of officers ; also that three 
of the Council should receive a stipend out of the quit-rents of 12c?. 
upon every 50 acres. An exact muster of the people and cattle will 
be taken. Send papers concerning Kings well's complaint against 
Vassall and his agents. \See petition, Sept. 1634, p. 190, No. 29, 
et seq.] 

Feb. 10. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Sir Ed. Mountford 
Brooke House, allowed to withdraw money. Abrah. Chamberlayne's account 
for braziletta wood ; 75,300 Ibs. had been delivered. Commis- 
sion for examination of Mrs. Hart's accounts with Capt. Hilton 
and others at Association. Mr. Upton authorized to ship seven tons 
of wood sold by Lieut. Buckley to Mr. Bourne at 24. per ton, for 
a debt due by Buckley to the Company. Suit of Mr. Burgh, the 
purser of the William and John, dismissed. Acquittances signed. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 122-24.] 

Feb. 11. Minutes as above. Petition of Messrs. Littleton and Griffith, con- 
Brooke House, cerning certain monies alleged to be due to them by Capt. Hilton. 
Answers to a declaration of the planters of Association concerning 
free trade; use of all commodities in the island; liberty to come 
home at pleasure ; prices of commodities ; the island remaining 
under the Company's care, and settling the government in case of 
Capt. Hilton's departure. Mr. Hart's debts in Association. Re- 
quest of Mr. Roote's agent for payment of one half year's allowance. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 124-25.] 

Feb. 12. Minutes as above. Payment to Mr. Roote's agent [Jas. Jelly] of 
Brooke House. 32?. 6s. 8d., for half a year's allowance for his services in the 
ministry in Providence. Loan to Mrs. Hart. Licence to Thomas 
Dew to dispose of his tobacco on payment of all disbursements for 
his account. The offence charged upon him by Capt. Hilton remitted. 
Dew names persons fit to manage the government [of Association]. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 126.] 

Feb. 14. Minutes of a General Court for Providence Island. Disputes 
Brooke House, between Messrs. Chamberlayne and Hart concerning the sale of 



[braziletta] wood. Complaints from France of its " illness." Pay- 
ment to Mrs. Hart for her husband's goods. Lord Brooke proposes 
Mr. Woodcock for the Company's husband. Mr: Treasurer to write 
to Mr. Ashman concerning money due to the Company ; and Mr. 
Chamberlayne's obligation concerning the wood. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. TIL, pp. 126-28.] 

Feb. 19. Minutes as above. Payment of Mrs. Hart's bill. Mr. Treasurer's 
Brooke House, accounts. Letters and commissions for Association. Dispatch of 
the ship now going thither. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 

March 14. 4. Order of Gov. Harvey and Capts. John "West, Sam. Mathews, 
Will. Claybourne, John Utie, Thos. Purify, Will. Peirce, and Will. 
Ferrar, the Council of Virginia. Upon the request of Captain Will. 
Claybourne how he should act in respect of Lord Baltimore's patent 
and his deputies now seated in the [Delaware ?] bay, it is answered 
that they know no reason why they should give up the right of the 
Isle of Kent, which they were bound in duty to maintain. 

March 15. 
James City. 

March ? 

5. Governor Harvey and Council of Virginia to the Privy Council. 
Concerning the estates of Abraham Peirsey, deceased, late a member 
of the colony and of the widow of Edmund Clarke. Inclose, 

5. I. Will of Abrah. Peirsey. Certified copy. 1627, March 1. 

5. II. Account of Abrah. Peirsey' s estate, presented to the Governor 

and Council of Virginia, and how it has been disposed 
of. Virginia, 1634, March 15. Signed by Capt. Sam. 

Mem. by Nicholas, to speak with Sir Henry Marten upon the 
suit in the Admiralty Court against the searchers at Gravesend for 
staying a ship bound to Virginia, whereof one Thompson was master, 
until the passengers had taken the oath of allegiance. The suit 
stayed by an injunction out of the Exchequer. Sir Henry Marten 
said the ship was stayed for other reasons. [DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Car. I., 1634, March 4.] 

6. Francis Brooke to the Farmers of Customs. Two ships of London, 
the Expedition, Blackman, master, and the William, Severn, master, 
have arrived at Cowes laden with tobacco, beavers, &c. from Virginia. 
Divers merchants trading to Virginia come to the Isle of Wight 
and then shift masters so as to save themselves harmless from the 
security given to the Governor of Virginia to arrive at some place 
in England, and take their ships and lading to foreign parts without 
paying duties. If he had orders could stay them until they give 
good security to discharge at London. 

April 16. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Draught petition 
for the enlargement of the Company's grant " to the taking in of 
the trades at the Cape " referred for further consideration. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 1 29.] 

April 14. 




April ? 

April ? 


7. Capt. Thos. Yong to Sec. Windebank. Requests a patent 
setting forth that the King has employed Yong and his nephew 
Robt. Evelin into America " upon special and weighty occasions of 
His Majty' 8 own particular service, which His Majty thinks fit 
should remain private to himself; " with power to leave the King's 
dominions without any questions, and that the Governors of all 
colonies in America, particularly of Virginia, be directed to afford 
them every assistance with liberty to traffic in those parts. [Draft, 
with corrections,} 

8. Request of Capt. Yong, similar to the preceding, with 
additions. The King being put to no manner of charge concerning 
his enterprise, desires that his shipping, men, and victuals, fully 
ready for the journey, may be instantly dispatched ; that Alex. 
Baker, skilful in mines and trying of metals, at liberty on bond, 
in regard of some matters on conscience, may go with him as his 
cosmographer ; and that some of his principal seamen may be 
called before a person of authority and charged strictly to obey 
Capt. Yong and his nephew. 

9. Capt. Yong to Sec. Windebank. Requests him to dispatch the 
King's patent. To speak with Lord Chief Justice Richardson about 
the cancelling of Baker's bonds ; call speedily for the seamen ; give 
directions that Baker, his cosmographer, and Scott, his physician, 
may not be further questioned, having already sworn allegiance ; 
alter in the articles agreed on, the date of the King's reign newly 
changed to the tenth ; and that they may be kept " from being seen 
or known by any." On the endorsement Mr. Sec. is prayed to ask 
if there is to be a new Governor shortly appointed for Virginia, and 
who it is. 

10. Pass for Capt. Yong and Robt. Evelin, his nephew, employed 
by the King in America " upon special and weighty affairs concerning 
our private service." [Draft, with corrections.] 

April 18. 11. [The King] to the Governor and Council of Virginia. Informs 
them of his appointment of Yong and Evelin. [Draft of part of 
a letter written on the outer leaf of the preceding.] 

April 28. 12. Commission to William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Westminster. Thomas Lord Coventry, Lord Keeper, Richard Neyle, Archbishop of 
York, Richard Earl of Portland, Lord High Treasurer, Henry, Earl 
of Manchester, and seven other officers of state, for making laws and 
orders for government of English colonies planted in foreign parts. 
With power to impose penalties and imprisonment for offences in 
ecclesiastical matters ; to remove Governors, and require an account 
of their government ; to appoint judges and magistrates, and establish 
courts ; to hear and determine all manner of complaints from the 
colonies ; to have power over all charters and patents ; and to revoke 
those surreptitiously or unduly obtained. [Copy.] 

April ? 

April 28. 

1 3. Another copy of the preceding. 


1634. VOL - 

May 7. Minute of a Committee for Providence Island. Letters are read 
received from thence by the Falcon. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 130.] 

May 8. Jo. Ker [?] to Thos. Leviston. Would be glad to hear from him 

Salt preston. concerning the success of the plantation of New England, " for there 

m-pans.] ^ Q manv here that incline much to that country ; " means not so 

much the ministers that are assured, but young men of rare gifts, 

who cannot get any lawful entry, as also professors of good means, 

who labour to keep themselves pure and undenled. [Extract from, 

DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

May 12. 14. Sir Ferdinando Gorges to the King. The King having taken 
the management of the several plantations into his own hands, 
Gorges suggests that New England, which extends 300 miles along 
the sea coast, should be divided into several provinces ; that a 
Governor and assistants should be assigned to each, and some 
person of honour appointed with the title of Lord Governor or Lord 
Lieutenant, to represent the King, for the settling of a public 
state, to be assisted with other proper officers. Considerations 
respecting the future government of New England, and the persons 
to be employed. 

May 12. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Conference with 

Brooke House, passengers [by the Falcon] concerning the state of the plantation. 

Mr. D.tloff's claims for books left in the island, and two servants. 

Bill presented by the wife of Mat. Harbottle to be paid. [Colonial 

Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 130-31.] 

May 13. . Minutes as above. Accusations against Nic. Goodman, the work- 
Brooke House, master, deferred. Licence to Mr. Stacey to take his tobacco con- 
signed to him by his servants in the island. Payment to Mr. Ball 
for Mr. Sherland's half share. Warrants to Nic. Goodman and 
Dan. Symonds to take up tobacco. Petition to the King to erect 
a trade at Cape Gratia de Dios, approved and ordered to be pre- 
sented. {Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 131-32.] 

May 1 5. Minutes as above. The Earl of Holland elected Governor, Sir 
Brooke House. Gilbert Gerrard, Deputy, John Pym, Treasurer, and Wil. Jessop, 
Secretary. Mr. Hunt, the Sec. of the island, attested the truth of 
many charges against Nic. Goodman ; referred to next meeting. 
Warrants to Mr. Boot and Serjeant Whitehead for tobacco. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 132-33.] 

May 16. Minutes as above. Nic. Goodman's defence. Mr. Boot, for liberty 
to go into the country. Money for the Company's use. Petition of 
John Newman, a passenger in the Falcon, for allowance of his 
transportation, " he being very poor." Warrants to Mich. Archer 
and John Elfrith, to take out barrels of tobacco. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., pp. 133-34.] 

May 17. Minutes as above. State of the plantation. Resolved to send 
Brooke House. a ship of about 200 tons burden, and a pinnace, with 200 men, 


1634. VOL. VIII. 

and that if any women or children are permitted to go, they should 
not be included in that number ; with a magazine of about eight or 
ten pounds a man, and 1,500?. in ammunition and clothes ; total 
expense about 5,500?. Means of raising this supply. Business con- 
cerning loans. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 134-36.] 

May 17. Minutes of a General Court for Providence Island. Payment of 
Brooke House, half a year's pension to Messrs. Roote and Ditloff. The charges against 
Goodman ; his defence ; his wages to be paid, but a sharp reproof 
administered for his offensive demeanour. Grounds both for the 
necessity and convenience of another supply for the island. Mr. 
Treasurer's opinion on raising funds for the supply. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., pp. 136-37.] 

May 19. Minutes as above. Propositions concerning the quantity of the 
Brooke House. nex t supply. The sending of a great ship respited unless a number 
of passengers can be procured to transport themselves at their own 
expense. Conditions upon which Mr. Root will obtain 100 persons 
to go over at their own charge. Serj. Whitehead and Michael Archer 
affirm they had discharged certain debts to the Company's stores. 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 137-40.] 

May 20. Minutes as above. Bond for the payment of 800?. lent by the 

Brooke House. Earl of Lincoln sealed. Payment to Peter Peterson, a Dutchman, 

for work done to the forts in the island, and to the Elizabeth, and 

for making a shallop for Capt. Camock. [Colonial Entry Bk., 

Vol. 777, F 140.] 

May 22. Minutes as above. Mr. Ditloff to receive 357. for books left by 
him in the island. Resolved that a pinnace be forthwith made 
ready for the next voyage and no greater ship prepared, also a 
catch of between 16 and 20 tons to accompany the pinnace. Agree- 
ment for raising funds to set them forth. Encouragement to 
adventurers to join. [Colonial Entry. Bk., Vol. III., p. 141.] 

May 30. Minutes as above. Payment to Nic. Goodman of the remainder 
of his wages. Demand of Rich. Manning for 20?. for a year's ser- 
vices. Amounts paid to the surgeon of the Falcon and Alice Field 
the gunner's wife. Repair of the Falcon, The Robert, a ship of 
210 tons with 18 pieces of ordnance, may be hired for 50?. a month. 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. I IT., pp. 142-43.] 

May ? 15. [Capt. Israel Stoughton] to his dear brother [Dr. Stoughton]. 

"^ -^rickson, Mr. Cradock's agent, happily came in the spring. 
No ships arrived, though many are heard of. Supposes he will hear 
much about the cross in the banners ; it is true Capt. Endicott did 
deface it upon his own private head. Long account of the political 
and religious differences in consequence. There has been somewhat 
to do about a negative voice for magistrates. Details concerning 
the history of the government of New England and his troubles 
through having been induced by Mr. Wareham of Dorchester, their 
pastor, to write down his reasons for " refusing to give them [the 

M 2 


1634. VoL ' VIIL 

magistrates] such a negative as they challenged." Has been accused 
by Winthrop of being the trembler of Israel and a worm, such as 
Hooker had spoken, of in his sermon. " This General Court " 
[G May 1634, John] Haynes was chosen Governor, a very godly 
man of Hooker's charge. Very many hands against Winthrop, 
who has lost much of that applause he had for being either Governor 
or Assistant ; some put in blanks because they would admonish him 
to look a little more circumspectly to himself. " He is indeed a man 
of man and some say they have idolized him and do now confess 
their error." Begs these things may be kept private. 

1634? 16. "A proper Ballad, called the Summons to New England, to 

the tune of the Townsman's Cap/' eleven stanzas of eight lines, 
commencing thus : 

" Let all the Purisidian sect, 
I mean the counterfeit Elect." 

The last stanza but one is as follows 

" The Native people, though yet wyld, 
Are all by nature kinde and mylde, 
And apt allready, (by reporte,) 
To live in this religious sorte, 
Soone to conversion they'l be brought 
When Warham's miracles are wrought, 

Who being sanctified and pure 

May by the Spiritt them allure." 

June 6. 17. Sir Ferd. Gorges to Sec. Windebank. Hopes he lias already 
Ashton, near sufficiently enlarged upon the necessity of some speedy course for 
Bristol. settling the affairs of New England. Has had conference 1 with my 
Lord of Lindsey, Lord Gorges, and some others, about that business, 
and given his opinion of the advantages of finding persons of worth 
willing to engage themselves as actors in the management of it. 
Has said enough to manifest his zeal in the service. Could say 
more of the fitness of this business, but leaves it for a fairer op- 

June 9. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Means of raising 
Brooke House, money. Loan of 500Z. from Lord Brooke accepted. Petition of 
John Newman, for allowance of his transportation, refused. Request 
of Edw. Gates, one of the Council of the island, for liberty to return 
thither even as a private servant, having acknowledged the offence 
for which he was suspended. West India flax, a solid commodity, 
worth at least 4s. per Ib. ; some of the gum sent from the island 
worth 2s. Gd. per Ib. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 143-44.] 

June 13. Minutes as above. Petitions for warrants for the return of 
Brooke House. J as . Gardiner, surgeon, and Rich. Field, gunner. The Governor 
to be again instructed not to restrain any free man from re- 
turning home. Intention to send a pinnace suspended. Reasons 
for a ship of good burden. Probability of a quantity of flax and 
other commodities ready at the Cape. A ship of about 50. per 



month to be hired for the next voyage. Debate upon the number 
of men to go over ; the Company bound to give reasonable security 
for the safety of men's lives. Although 100 men will not render 
the island impregnable, they may make it defensive against 
sudden attempts ; profit depends principally upon the strength of 
the island ; the planters should be encouraged. Charge computed at 
4,10l). ; but the determination left to the next Court. Letter read 
from Capt. Hemmings, desiring employment as a soldier. Certifi- 
cate from Rouen, concerning the " unmerchantableness " of some of 
the [braziletta] wood. oOl per month demanded for a ship of 200 
tons, with 16 pieces of ordnance. Mr. Foster offers his services as 
a surgeon in the island. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 

June 16. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Reasons for inducing 
Brooke House, the Company to send over a great ship. Agreed unanimously to 
hire a ship, to be dispatched with all expedition ; the charges for 
bulk, victuals, and mariners' wages not to exceed 1 30L per month. 
Number of men to be transported, referred for consideration. Fine 
imposed upon Nic. Goodman, in Providence, for a breach of the 
peace, remitted. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 147-49.] 

June 19. Minutes as above. Concerning Mr. Chamberlayne's refusal to 
Brooke HOUSJ. pay for the [braziletta] wood. Mr. Ditloff, intending shortly " to go 
home into his country," attends to take leave of the Company, and is 
desired to state all he knows concerning the charge against Mr. Rous 
deceased, for inveigling Mr. Halhead's servant ; answers. Mr. DitlofF 
adds that he was informed Mr. Rous was insufficient, not able to 
pray extemporary, and would, soldier-like, beat his men ; that he 
wrote if those things were true Mr. Rous was fitter for a buff 
coat than a cassock, .but afterwards found it otherwise. Mr. Rous 
taught him songs called catches, " the meaning of which word he 
understood not," the matter of which was the motion of creatures 
as the nightingale and the like, and Messrs. Rous and Sherland sang 
with him, but never on the Sabbath day. Ditloff denies that he had 
ever been reproved for singing such songs in Providence on the 
Lord's day. The Company's wood to be sold ; the William and Ann 
shortly expected with a great quantity. Agreement touching the 
request of Will and Thomas Danvers to take their tobacco out of 
the warehouse. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 149-52.] 

June 21. Minutes as above. Capt. Rudyerd examined, concerning his cruel 
Brooke Mouse, usage of a servant, who, it is affirmed, died in consequence. Other 
complaints against Capt. Rudyerd to be extracted from the public 
records for his answer. Concerning the state of the island ; Capt. 
Rudyerd states that in itself it is not worth the keeping ; it may 
easily be fortified, and 600 men would preserve it against any force ; 
the forts erected cannot keep out flat bottom boats, and for security 
against them small forts, near the water, of timber, board, and 
sand, should be erected for musketeers ; the neck of land should be 
cut for the planters' retreat ; 100 ships may ride safely under command 
of the ordnance. The ship proposed may be hired for 501. per month. 



Proportion for a magazine. Every man to have 3 pair of drawers, 
4 shirts, 1 cassock, 4 pair of shoes, 3 caps, 3 neckcloths, 3 pair of 
boot hose, and a monmouth cap. Means of raising the money ; the 
charge for 100 men estimated at 3,300?. of which the adventurers 
present promise 832?. 15s. 3d., and desire to know the resolution 
of the rest of the Company. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 152-53.] 

June 22 ? 18. Petition of Cecily Lady De la Warr to the King. Sets forth 
that her husband undertook a voyage to Virginia to settle a planta- 
tion and died there ; that the great profits and advantages accruing 
from thence are due to the large sums of money expended by him 
out of her jointure, and that she was left burdened with many debts 
and only 10?. per annum to maintain herself and seven children. 
King James granted her a pension of 500?. per annum, for 31 years, 
to be paid out of the customs of the plantation, but the grant being 
more than half expired, and the petitioner destitute of any means 
to make provision for five daughters, prays for a renewal of the 
pension of 500/. per annum for 31 years from the present time. 

June 26. 19. Petition of P. D. L. to the King. Having divers propositions 
which they conceive very feasible and are desirous should have a 
trial, pray that their proposal, to disburden the kingdom of all the 
poor and enrich itself with a powerful trade, by settling a colony in, 
the West Indies, may be referred to the Lord Mayor and Aldermen 
of London for their opinion. Underwritten is the reference desired, 
Greenwich 26 June, 1634. [The initials to this petition might be 
taken for Peter de Licques, who also made proposals for plantations 
in Virginia and the West Indies. See ante, p. 140, No. 42; but 
that they represent more than one person.'] Annexed, 

19. I. Order by the Court of Aldermen for four of their body to 
consider the proposition and report their opinion. 1634, 
Oct. 14. 

19. ii. Proposal for the settlement of a colony in the West Indies. 
19. in. Contredit against the proposal. 

19. iv. Answers to the contredit. Endorsed by Sec. Coke, "April 
1635, Montague's proposition to enrich the Kingdom." 

June 26. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Auditors appointed. 
Brooke House. Several new adventurers admitted. Mr. Eishworth's claim for 
goods. Proportion of magazine for the planters, " supposing that 
there are about 300 men in the island." 

June 27. A ketch to be purchased for about 80/. Capt. Camock's bill of 
necessaries agreed to, the amount about 422?. Serj. Whitehead 
and others examined concerning Capt. Rudyerd's servant, called 
Fload, who was beaten and died six weeks after. Mr. Hunt, the 
late secretary, ordered to attend touching his request for a recom- 
pence for his three years' service in Providence. 

June 28. Mr. Hunt's charge, drawn up from the records, read in his presence ; 
they chiefly relate to his having tampered with the records in the 



island. Exceptions to his answer. Hunt is allowed to give his 
answer in writing. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 154-59.] 

June 30. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Agreement with the 
Brooke House, owners of the Robert, for her hire at 501. per month. One year- 
allowed Capt. Rudyerd for payment of his debt of about 40?. to 
the Company's store. Power to a committee to sell the Falcon. 
An entire share is made up to Sir Nath. Rich. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., pp. 159-60.] 

July 1. Minutes as above. Capt. Fletcher offers his services. Mr. 
Brooke House. Hunt's answer to the charges drawn up by Mr. Treasurer, and 
judgment. Hunt discharged from further attendance. His proposi- 
tions concerning the profits of his plantation. The acb of restoring 
Lieut. Rous to his place at the Council table in Providence, by the 
Governor of the island, notwithstanding his refusal to submit to 
the sentence against him, is considered illegal. Ordered that Rous 
be suspended until he makes a public acknowledgment, according to 
the censure, and that the Governor be sharply reproved for having 
thus acted " in an undue manner/' {Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 160-62.] 

July 2. Minutes as above. Proposition by Sam. Symonds, late a planter in 
Brooke House, the Somers Islands, concerning himself and the public state of 
Providence. Desires better allowance for his office of Sheriff, with 
power to sell his plantation, and that a minister and surgeon may be 
sent over. Committee appointed to peruse the records as they 
arrive, and report to the Company what " they conceive fit to be 
put out." Proceedings concerning a charge against Sarah Butcher, 
for which he was afterwards cleared, ordered to "be taken off 
record." Finance. Business connected with the voyage of the 
Robert. Commission granted to certain persons to contract for all 
tobacco that comes to England ; but thought fit that dilatory 
answers be given to the Commissioners until Michaelmas term, 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 162-64.] 

July 5. Minutes as above. Petition of Rich. Manning for payment of 

Brooke House, certain money received by the Company for tobacco, and belonging 
to him as executor to John Essex, deceased, referred to Lord Brooke. 
Sealing of the "charter part " [of the Robert]. The Company, 
taking into consideration the many noble favours of the Earl of 
Holland, their Governor, although he has not paid any money into 
their stock, conclude to repute him, in all dividends, an adventurer of 
one entire share. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 165-66.] 

July 9. Minutes as above. Answer to petition of Ric. Mannings, for 
recompence as overseer of the public workmen. Letter from Capt. 
Axe, concerning the accounts for his tobacco, Hie money to be paid 
forthwith. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 160 ] 

July 10. 20. "Relation of certain passages between the Governor of Vir- 
ginia, Capt. Yong and Capt. Mathews," concerning the employment 
by Yong in Virginia of a planter's man, who was a ship carpenter, and 



the disputes between the Governor and Capt. Mathews about Yong's 
commission. Signed by Thos. Yong, and certified by Thos. Corn- 
waleys, Thos. Purify, and Robt. Evelin, as being present when part of 
the discourse took place. 

July 10. 21. Petition of George Griffith and Company, proprietors of the 
Warwick, of London, to the Admiralty. Three years past they set 
forth a ship to New England and Virginia, for trade and discovery, 
and appointed Henry Fleet their factor, with commission to return 
within one year, but by authority of Sir John Harvey, Governor 
of Virginia, Fleet has restrained the vessel and profits to the 
petitioners' great loss. Pray that the examination of the premises 
in perpetuam rei memoriam may be referred to Sir Henry Marten, 
Judge of the Admiralty. Endorsed, "Rec. 1634, July 10." 

July 14. 22. Gov. Harvey to [Sec. Windebank]. Improvements of the 
Virginia, colony during his government. Fortifications. Strong palisades 
for the safe range of cattle, "near as big as Kent," have been 
erected. Excessive planting of tobacco has been lessened, and the 
growth of corn increased, ten thousand bushels having this year 
been sent for relief of New England. "Virginia is now become 
the granary of all His Majty' 8 northern colonies." There is great 
plenty of beeves, goats, hogs, and all sorts of poultry, and a begin- 
ning has been made of oranges, lemons, figs, vines, and all kinds of 
fruit. The country generally unprovided with, munition. Had a 
grant of 1,000. per annum out of the customs of the colony, but 
has not received any for five years. Meets with great opposition 
from his assistants. All things that come to the colony sold for at 
least three times what they cost in England. Capt. Yong arrived 
about 3rd inst. with two ships ; he has already built his shallops, 
and will be gone within two days. 

July 14. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Finance. The Secre- 
Brooke House, tary to demand " at the counting-house of the Royal Exchange" the 
rent due from Mr. Slaney for the Company's shares in the Somers 
Islands. Ships from Association to be stayed, that a course may be 
taken for satisfaction of debts due to the Company from planters 
there. John Symonds to go the next voyage to Providence, with 
two men and one boy ; fifty men to be also provided. [Colonial 
Entry JBL, Vol. III., pp. 166-67.] 

July 18. Minutes as above. Rich. Manning's account. Mr. Darley, in- 
tending to go to Holland, is entreated to make stay of ships from 
Association until the Company's debts in that island are satisfied. 
John Edwyn appointed purser of the Long Robert, and Gray Fitch, 
surgeon. Mr. Treasurer desired to pay the owners 100L [Colonial 
Entry Bk. t Vol. III., pp. 167-68.] 

July ? 23. Petition of Capt. William Button, employed by the planters 

of Virginia, to the " Lords Commissioners for plantations in ge- 
neral." Prays that letters may be sent to Virginia to assure the 
planters that they shall be again incorporated, and enjoy their 
estates and privileges as before the recalling of their patents ; that 
orders be given to the Governor and Council of Virginia to dispose 


1634 - VIIL 

of lands to planters "being freemen, as they had power to do before 
1625, and that he may have a grant of land on either side of the 
river Apparaatuck. 

July 22. The Privy Council to the Governor and Council in Virginia. The 
Whitehall, planters may foi the present enjoy their estates and trade with the 
same privileges as before the recalling of their patents. Authorize 
the Governor and Council to dispose of proportions of land to 
planters being freemen, as they had power to do before 1625. 
Capt. William Button, for his services to the plantation, allowed 
land on either side of the river Appamatuck most convenient to him- 
self, as hath been usually granted for himself and the servants 
transported by him. Will acquaint them with the King's pleasure 
upon their "farther powers." [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., 
p. 211,] 

July ? 24. Petition of Henry Woodhouse, Muster-Master of Suffolk, to 

the King. About three years past his Majesty promised the peti- 
tioner the place of Governor of Virginia. The present Governor 
having enjoyed his commission five years, which time few have 
exceeded, Capt. Talbot possessing the fort at Tilbury, and the 
petitioner never having received a penny for his employments at 
Rhe' and Rochelle, prays for a commission to govern Virginia. 
[Endorsed by Sec. Coke. See also July, 1685, p. 213, No. 75.] 

July 30. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Mr. Lidsey's petition, 
Brooke House. a request of Gray Fitch, and " the perfecting of the list " referred to 
Lord Brooke and Mr. Treasurer. Lieut. Rous, at the request of Mr. 
Treasurer, is pardoned with a caution. A magazine to be sent [in 
the Long Robert]. Means of raising money. Names of the mem- 
bers, and the sums they adventure. Finance. Committee authorized 
to manage everything concerning the voyage, and to write letters to 
Association. Warrant to John Lydsy [?Lidsey] to take out his tobacco. 
The Falcon to be sold for 200. Serjt. Whitehead entertained lieu- 
tenant of the fort at Black Rock with six servants. Sam. Symonds 
to have three servants free, as appertaining to his office of Sheriff. 
Mic. Archer to have liberty to go the voyage with three servants. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 168-70.] 

July 30. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council 
London. there. Are thankful to find, by their letters of 18 December last, that 
the colony is in safety, plenty, and health. Directions to complete 
the fortifications. Ric. Field and Jos. Hinckson, gunners, permitted 
to come home ; others appointed. Supply of captains' places. Re- 
commend more time to be bestowed upon " the raising of profit ;'' 
the planting of tobacco to be restrained ; and cotton and silkgrass to 
be called Camock's flax, if it will grow there, to be attended to. 
" God's blessing rest upon it as a merchandise abundantly sufficient 
to give both us and you contentment." Cultivation of " other 
drugs/' to be transplanted from the main, including indigo, Guinea 
pepper, and jalap. Oilseeds to be discontinued. Directions for 
curing the flax. Distribution of the Company's magazines. Price 



set upon the commodities of the island ; cotton Qd. per lb., tobacco, 
"an uncertain commodity" lOd per lb., but for this year only. 
A magazine now sent, whereby it will be seen they have not been 
left like forsaken Indians ("which term you might well have 
spared"). Care in distribution. Market days appointed for sale 
of stores. Storekeeper's accounts. Debts of those leaving the 
island. Capt. Elfrith and Mr. Bishworth appointed to get in the 
old debts. As many men sent as could be conveniently got ; the 
discouraging informations in the planters' letters have prevented 
more from going. Men and ammunition promised, in case a good 
quantity of flax or other merchantable commodities are grown. 
Distribution of the servants now sent over. Encouragements to 
those who have purchased their freedom to remain. Approve of the 
order of Council for no less than five to compose a family. The 
men taken by Capt. Cainock replaced. Cannot supply the island 
with sawyers. Have not sent a boat as desired, but a shipwright 
goes with Mr. Gates. Time must be allowed new comers for 
building and clearing their ground before their services in the 
public works are required. Desire that the Indians upon no pre- 
tence be furnished with weapons or means to practise the use of 
gunpowder. The late Mr. Hart's accounts. Concerning servants 
and the disposal or management by agents of plantations. Liberty 
to Capt. Rudyerd and Mr. Hunt to sell their plantations ; that 
of Ed. Williams to be disposed of. Accept Mr. Eishworth's services 
as secretary. Rejoice at the affection for Mr. Roote ; he cannot 
return by this ship. To obtain good ministers for the island is the 
chief business of the Company. Mr. Gates allowed to return, but not 
yet to be restored to the Council. Approve of the choice of Marshal. 
Directions concerning the records. Mr. Ditloff's proceedings with 
Mr. Sherhard. All passages reflecting upon Mr. Rous, deceased, 
ordered to be taken off record. Lieut. Rous to be suspended from 
the Council for striking Forman in the Governor's presence, not- 
withstanding the Governor has reinstated him. Indecent entries in 
the examination of Sarah Butcher to be taken off record. Capt. 
Rudyerd to blame for scandalizing Mr. Halhead. Goodman's con- 
duct disliked. Fines and forfeitures to be levied by the Sheriff for 
the Company's use, and distributed for public charges. Those of 
Capt. Axe and Lieut. Rous, about poisoning, remitted because of 
their many good services. If Capt. Axe return, and acknowledge 
his miscarriage in opposing the Governor, he is to be reinstated in 
his offices ; if not, to be at liberty to sell his plantation. Wages of 
public servants. Demands of Chas. Wettenhall, the late Marshal. 
Complaint of the parents of Edw. Bragg. Capt. Bell to continue 
in the government until further orders. [ Colonial Entry Bk., Vol 
IV., pp. 61-66.] 

July 30. The Company of Providence Island to Governor Bell. Have 
received his letter of 2nd Jan. Are unable at present to complete 
his portion of servants, the reputation of the island having been 
weakened by discouraging letters from thence. Will think of some 
way of rewarding his services. Employment of negroes provided by 


1634. VOL. VIII. 

Capt. Hilton. Distribution of the magazine. Upon the Coun- 
cillors not observing the respect due to his office. Find that in re- 
admitting Lieut. Rous to the Council he seems to have grounded 
his authority " upon a supposed privilege which you call prerogative 
as annexed to your place . . . neither do we like the use of 
that word." Commend his discontinuance of a guard, the employ- 
ment of miners, and the monthly inspection of every man's plan- 
tation. Those who will not work not to have supplies from the 
stores, " according to the Apostle's rule lie that will not labour, 
let him not eat." Very much approve of his proclamation for 
preventing mixed dancing and other vanity. The ministers 
should second his authority. Concerning women going over "as 
our servants " to be married, and assaults committed in the island. 
Punishments. Privately instruct him on this head, " least a gap be 
opened to more, liberty." Mr. Floud. Proposition concerning 
Henrietta. Encouragement to Mr. Eoote. Have sent a chest of 
wax lights. Petitions from Mr. Kendrick, Hen. Clark, Wil. Wyatt, 
and seven others, for leave to return to England, granted. Ed. Forster 
goes over as surgeon, and Mr. Darly, brother to a " member of our 
society." [Colonial E^itry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 66, 67.] 

July 30. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Sussex Camock. Are 
London. gl a d to hear of his safe arrival at the Cape, and good entertainment 
amongst the Natives. Approve his having erected a place of 
defence. Commend to his care the good usage of the Indians, and 
by all means to restrain offensive or wanton carriage towards the 
women. Commodities received are all of value, especially the silk 
grass, which they will have called Camock's grass "for his honour 
and encouragement/' Directions to procure as much as possible. 
Wish him to confer with John Elfrith, who says there is great store 
in Monkey Bay. Vessels sent for boiling and cleansing the flax. 
Other commodities not to be neglected. Gray Fitch, the surgeon, 
appointed to make experiments upon the main. Notice of a 
balsam useful in surgery, and a soft gum. Desire a particular 
account of all commodities of the several nations with whom he 
trades, upon what terms, and those dealt in. Good plants and seeds 
to be sent to Providence. The flax alone sufficient to enrich that 
island. Have sent a ship of 200 tons ; hope she will return home 
fully freighted. Commodities to be assigned wholly to the Com- 
pany. Officers appointed to receive goods. Have sent the supply as 
requested. Directions for the distribution and payment. Will allow 
2s. per Ib. for flax. Cannot settle the rates of other commodities. 
Have been careful to send a good minister ; also ordnance. No 
violence to be used towards the Spaniards, or any other nation. 
Will call Harbottle to account for trading at the Cape. Interlopers. 
Dissensions in Providence. Great discontent and discouragement 
caused by taking so many men from that island, and the necessity 
of strengthening it. Hope Capt. Axe may be spared to return to 
Providence for practice of his art in fortifications. Agreement 
with Albertus Blufeild ratified. Commend his own carriage. 
Disorderly persons. The fugitive Spaniard. Williams has been 




July 30. 


July 30. 


July 30. 



sent back to Association. Authority to punish him should he mis 
behave himself. Send a rundlet of sack, and a case of strong waters 
as a token of their love. Instructions in case no good come of this 
design, " which God forbid, and we cannot yet imagine." [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 68, 09.] 

The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Sam. Axe. Are 
sorry to hear that he has left Providence. Accept his in- 
formation concerning the state of the island, and desire that 
he will continue it, wishing him only to avoid bitterness and 
general accusations. " We do value your parts, and when occasion 
serves we shall show our esteem of you." The cause of his 
suspension differently represented by the records. Disallow any 
behaviour or language tending to weaken the authority of Govern- 
ment. Dislike that men of art should be checked and slighted by 
those not able to direct, especially in matters of fortification, but 
forbear entering into examination of complaints. " The poisoning 
business" charged against Nic. Goodman. Have remitted his fine in 
regard of his many former good services. Division of the magazine. 
Have taken care " that diligence may be supplied, and the sluggard 
clothed with rags." Thank him for setting out the works, par- 
ticularly Warwick Fort. Earnestly propose that he return to the 
island, in which case he shall be restored to all his places. Liberty 
to sell his plantation if he resolve not to return. Request him to 
send particular information of the commodities, patterns of which 
have been received, above all of Camock's flax. Are assured that 
by that alone the island will be enriched. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IV., p. 70.] 

The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Elfrith. Thank him for 
promising to finish the Black Rock, and for his good advice for the 
advancement of the plantation. Proposition about Henrietta. Hope 
the soil of the island will be apt for the production of Camock's 
flax. Tobacco. Have followed his advice for the issue of store 
goods. Must stand excused if the supply of men be small ; the 
cause arising from the planters' letters, " whereby the whole business 
is reputed forlorn." Have received three ragged pearls of no value. 
Wonder at the scantiness of clothing complained of. Directions have 
been given to prevent it in future. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IV., p. 71.] 

The Company of Providence Island to Hope Sherhard, minister. 
Acknowledge his worth and industry, and commend the propagation 
of Christianity among those neighbouring people who have as yet no 
knowledge of God. Earnestly desire that he will remain in the 
plantation. Mr. Roote will stay some time in England. Will em- 
brace all counsel that may tend to the reformation of the people or 
the advancement of his comfort. The hopes of the plantation 
exceedingly weakened of late by letters from some planters and 
the discourse of some passengers. Evils likely to ensue from his 
sudden removal. Encouragement. Have remitted his debt to the 
stores, and are ready further to evidence their love and good opinion 
as occasions offer. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV. , p. 71.] 


1684 VOL - 

July 30. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Jos. 
Collins, chief pilot and commander of the [Long] Robert, of London, 
bound thither. To sail beginning of August direct for the Caribbees, 
and there discharge passengers, take in salt at Tortuga, and send the 
catch immediately to Providence and thence to Association, deliver 
the Company's letters, take on board any negroes bought on their 
account, and if the inhabitants are "purposed" to desert the island, 
ship them with the six pieces of ordnance to Providence. To demand 
an account of certain goods previously transported. Permiu Edw. 
Williams to go with him to Capt. Camock. Thence to the Mosquitos, 
and there deliver the goods from Capt. Camock for the main. Freight 
for the return voyage. If laden with salt from Tortuga, to touch at 
Virginia on his way home, and sell it there. To transport any 
willing to go from St. Christopher's or Association as servants to 
Providence. To purchase not more than 30 negroes at Association 
for Providence. Trade at the main prohibited. Seamen to pay 
10s. for every parrot brought to England, "that so your ship may 
not be unnecessarily pestered." [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., 
pp. 72, 73.] 

Aug. 6. Remission by the Company for Providence Island of the public 
acknowledgment of Lieut. Rous. Although the restitution of 
Lieut. Rous by the Governor to the Council table had been declared 
void, his offence of striking Forman, is freely remitted at the 
entreaty of John Pym, Treasurer of the Company, without any 
public acknowledgment. {Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 72.] 

Aug. 16. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to -- 
Boreton, master of the pinnace bound thither with the Long Robert. 
If Capt. Camock be removed from the fort at the main, or ill success 
has befallen him, or any enemy is in possession of the place, to 
labour by help of the Indians to find him or his company, and get 
what commodities he can against the ship's arrival. To throw these 
instructions and all other letters overboard if he fall into the hands 
of an enemy. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 74.] 

Aug. 1C. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Edw. 
Gates, gentleman, and Sam. Symonds, planter. For government of 
passengers in the Long Robert. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. I V. } 

Aug. 1C. Instructions to the above. During the voyage to set any of the 
passenger servants to taking in salt, cutting wood, or any other 
work that the master of the ship shall advise for the Company's 
service. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 74.] 

Sept. 1 5. 25. Cecil Lord Baltimore to [Sec. Windebank]. Sends his brother 

Warder Castle. Peasley, a suitor on his behalf, for a letter of thanks from the King 

to Sir John Harvey, for the assistance he has given to his Maryland 

plantation, and for his encouragement in assisting Lord Baltimore 

against Claybourne's malicious behaviour and unlawful proceedings; 


his plantation now in its infancy will be in great danger of being 
overthrown, if such letters are not sent off by the ship now ready 
to set sail. 

Sept. 18. 26. [Sec. Windebank] to Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, 
Understands from Lord Baltimore that he gave assistance to his 
people at their first arrival to plant [in Maryland]. Assures him 
he has done well, and doubts not but the King will take in good 
part this conformity to his will and pleasure. Reminds him " that 
it is the duty of good subjects to obey and not to dispute their 
sovereign's commandment," that the King will be very sensible of 
any disobedience, " presuming of impunity by their far distance 
from hence, or some other silly hopes here/' Desires him to continue 
his assistance against Claybourne's malicious practices. [Draft, 
with corrections.'] 

Sept. 29. 27- The King to the Governor of Virginia. Reasons for the 
Hampton Court. King's grant to Lord Baltimore, there being land enough for the 
entertainment of many thousands, and the work more easily over- 
come by multitudes of hands and assistance. Thanks him for his 
ready assistance to the plantation begun in Maryland ; and requires 
him to continue the same, "wherein you shall do us acceptable 
service." [Draft, with corrections.} 

Sept. 29. 28. The King to the Governor of Virginia. Yielding to their im- 
Hampton Court, portunate petitions, showing that tobacco did not make Id. per lb., 
and finding that no staple commodity was raised, Commissioners 
have been appointed to treat with the planters and adventurers, 
who report that tobacco could not be afforded under 6d. per lb., 
and 14d delivered in England, and the quantity to be 800,000 
weight, which the King's agents have informed is unreasonable. 
The bearer, John Stoner, has been appointed the King's agent, and 
a Councillor in Virginia, to treat for a contract of tobacco yearly, 
both as to price and quantity, and for the settling of staple commo- 
dities. [Draft, with corrections] 

Sept. 29. Grant to Lord Baltimore of part of the territory of Virginia upon 
the devolving of the old Company's right to the King. Sir John 
Harvey ordered to continue his help to him in the plantation he had 
begun in Maryland. [Minute. Colonial Corresp., 1623, April 7.] 

Sept. 29. Petition of Edward Kingswell to the Privy Council. Having 

undertaken a plantation in Carolina, he contracted with Sam. Vassall 
to take him with his company thither, and provide a shallop and 
pinnace for the service of the intended colony. Vassall failing in 
both, the petitioner agreed with Peter Andrews, who had command 
of the ship [the Mayflower], and by whose persuasion they were 
landed at Virginia in Oct. 1633. There they remained in distress 
until the following May, with no transport to take them to Carolina. 
The plantation has been thus hindered and the voyage frustrated. 
Having suffered much in reputation and been damnified about 3,OOOZ. 
he complained to the Governor of Virginia, then started for England, 


1634. VOL. VIII. 

made complaint to the Lord Privy Seal and obtained a warrant 
against Andrews. Prays that Vassall, and Andrews who is in a 
messenger's custody, may be ordered to find sureties to answer the 
petitioner's complaints and a day appointed for the hearing. 
Endorsed, "1634 Sept., dispatched." 

Sept. ? 30. State of the case between Edward Kingswell and Samuel 
Vassall for breach of covenant concerning the transportation of 
Kingswell and his company to the intended plantation of Carolina, 
of which Kingswell was to be Governor. 

Sept. ? 31. Petition of Richard Kemp to the King. Having been ap- 
pointed Secretary for Virginia, at the recommendation of the Duke 
of Lenox and the Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, prays that he 
may be inserted a patentee, by right of his place in the patent now 
in course of being drawn out by the Attorney General. 

Oct. ? 32. Petition of William Clobery, John De la Barre, and David 

Moorehead to the King. By virtue of His Majesty's commission 
they, by means of Capt. Will. Claybourne, one of the Council and 
Secretary for Virginia, settled the Isle of Kent in Chesapeak Bay, 
which they discovered and purchased from the Natives, but which has 
been since comprehended in the patent of Lord Baltimore, who by 
violent proceedings intends to dispossess them. Pray for His Majesty's 
commission in confirmation of their former commission, wherein it 
may be declared that the petitioners and Claybourne shall peaceably 
enjoy that island. Inclose, 

32. i. Commission authorizing Capt. Will. Claybourne and his 
associates to make discoveries for increase of trade in 
America; with licence freely to trade for corn, furs, or 
other commodities in those parts. Greenwich, 1631, 
May 16. Endorsed by Sec. Coke, "Letters written by 
His Majesty to settle the possessors." 

Oct. 8. 33. The King to the Governor and Council of Virginia, and to 

Hampton Court, all lieutenants of provinces and countries in America. Requires 

them to be assisting the planters in Kentish Island, that they may 

peaceably enjoy the fruits of their labours, and forbids Lord Baltimore 

or his agents to do them any violence. [Copy] 

Oct. 15. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Arrival and sale of 
the Elizabeth. Seamen's wages. Letters from Capt. Camock con- 
cerning trading at the Cape contrary to the Company's instructions. 
Nothing but parrots and victuals traded for by the mariners accused. 
Financial business. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IIL, pp. 1 70-72.] 

Nov. ? 34. Considerations [by Sir Ferdinando Gorges] necessary to be 

resolved upon in settling the Governor for New England. So many 
discontented persons having got already into the best parts of the 
country, whether such as would go over should not have licence, and 
be bound to be conformable to the rights and ceremonies of the 
Church. Whether letters from the King should not be written to 


1084 V01 ' 

the Lieut, and Justices, &c., of the several counties to send with his 
Governor a number of people fit for plantation, to be chosen out 
of such young persons, being married, as have no home of their 
own, who shall have a portion of land allotted to them in perpetuity. 
Howsoever, the agent of New Plymouth pretended that the appear- 
ance of the Dutch in Connecticut River was without the knowledge 
of the inhabitants. The proceedings of such as are neighbours to 
the Dutch and disaffected both to the King's government and to the 
State Ecclesiastical make it unsafe to grant them more extent or 
authority, because, sensible that their disaffection is known, they 
seek to fortify themselves by the aid of the Dutch. If a drunken 
Governor be sent over, they will put him in the stocks, and send 
him back again, " whether it be not more than time these people 
should be looked unto." Annexed, 

34. i. Proposed draft of a letter to be written by the King to the 

Lieutenants, Justices, &c., of the several counties in 
England. Directions have been given for a Governor to 
be sent to New England for ordering the public affairs 
between the several plantations, to settle a Council of State 
and determine upon an uniform administration of justice 
throughout the country. They are required to publish 
this letter that the better sort and most active spirits of 
the country may be encouraged to join in sending over a 
competent number of people with necessary provisions ; 
especial care to be had of the honesty of their lives and 
conversation, such being the most likely to propagate and 
confirm a plantation. Proportions of land will be 
assigned to them and their heirs in perpetuity. 
Account of the names of those who interest themselves 
therein, and the number of people they resolve to send, is 
speedily expected. 

[Nov. 12.] 35. Petition of John Cutting and William Andrews to the Privy 
Council. Present according to order certificates of the names of all 
passengers who have gone to New England in their ships. Pray 
for release of their bonds. Annexed, 

35. i. Note of the names and ages of passengers who took 

shipping in the Francis of Ipswich, John Cutting, 
master, bound for New England, 30 April 1634, all 
having taken the oath of allegiance. 

35. II. Note of the names and ages of all passengers in the above 
ship who did not take the oath, being under age. 

35. in. Note of the names and ages of passengers who took 
shipping in the Elizabeth of Ipswich, Wil. Andrews, 
master, bound for New England, 30 April 1634, all 
having taken the oath of allegiance. 

35. iv. Note of the names and ages of all passengers in the above 
ship who did not take the oath, being under age. 


1634. VOL.VIIL 

Nov. 17. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Accounts for the 
Brooke House, last voyage and other financial business. Request of Mr. Darley 
concerning his brother's charges, he having gone to Providence. 
Fifteen pounds to be paid to Rich. Lane, for half a year's service at 
the Bay of Darien. Recompence to those employed with him in 
that voyage to be considered. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 172-73.] 

Nov. 24 Minutes as above. Financial state of the Company. Mr. 
Brooke House. Baraardiston allowed time to pay his share. Mr. Treasurer's accounts 
audited. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 174.] 

Nov. 27. Minutes as above. Accounts for the last voyage. Old debts of 
Brooke House, the Company. Sale of the Falcon and Elizabeth for 340?. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 175.] 

Dec. 2. Minutes as above. Propositions by Mr. Hart concerning goods 

Brooke House, delivered to Mr. Lane at Association. Statement of Mr. Treasurer's 

accounts allowed, and Mr. Treasurer fully discharged. Concerning 

the Company's debts, pensions, and other payments. [Colonial 

Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 176-84.] 

Dec. 8. Minutes as above. Concerning the Company's debts and other 
Brooke House, financial matters. Committee appointed for the business of Asso- 
ciation, to write letters to Mr. Ashman, and appoint an agent in 
Holland for the Company. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 

[Dec. 9.] 36. Sir Ferd. Gorges to the Lords [Commissioners for Plantations]. 
Has conferred with those principally interested in the plantations of 
New England, as to whether they would wholly resign their patent 
to the King, and so leave to His Majesty the sole management of 
public affairs, or prosecute the business amongst themselves and 
have the patent renewed. Desires that the patent may be confirmed 
to them with such alterations and additions of privileges as may 
be thought fit, and the patent books and seals of the Company 
delivered to whoever is appointed Governor of the Plantations, 
for present prosecution of the business, till further resolution from 
the King. 

Dec. 1 6. 37. Governor Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Is desirous to do Lord 
Virginia. Baltimore all the service he is able, but his power is not great, being 
limited by his commission to the greater number of voices at the 
Council table, where almost all are against him, especially when it 
concerns Maryland. Many so averse to that plantation, "that 
they cry and make it their familiar talk that they would rather 
knock their cattle on the heads than sell them to Maryland." Sus- 
pects the faction is nourished in England, and also by Capt. 
Mathews (" who scratching his head and in a fury stamping cried 
a pox upon Maryland "). Mathews is the patron of disorder as he 
will understand by Lieut Evelin, the bearer. 



1034. VOL. VIII. 

Dec. 20. 38. Sir Henry Marten, Judge of the Admiralty, to the Privy 
Council. Report upon the petition of Edward Kingswell [see ante 
p. 190, No. 29]. The complaint against Andrews for providing 
bad and scanty victuals cannot be proved, but Vassall and Andrews 
are justly charged with breach of covenant for not conveying the 
petitioner and his company to Carolina, in a ship heretofore 
called the Christopher and Mary, but since named the Mayflower. 

Dec. 39. James Cudworth to "his very loving and kind father/' Dr. 

"Citewat" Stoughton. Desires he will be frequent in his letters, for he finds a 
CScituatej. g rea ^ (jgjjj o f swee tness in them. Is ready to lay down his life 
rather than part with one of their ordinances, " for with those we 
must serve our God." Sorry to hear of his sickness. The Lord has 
made him acquainted with the manner in which He will be wor- 
shipped. Has seen what his forefathers desired to see, that Christian 
liberty which Christ purchased for them. " Great news out of New 
England touching the presbyterial Government as it seems esta- 
blished there." [This is in another hand, in the margin, and refers to 
the names of the pastors and teachers for Plymouth, Boston, Dor- 
chester, Charles Town, Salem, and other places.] Intreats him to 
direct all his friends that come over to Citewat, where Mr. Lathrop, 
their pastor, has at length safely arrived. Advises him if he come 
into that land not to engage himself to any, but to choose his own 
place of settlement. Relates with grief " a strange thing " by some 
of the Church of Salem, who have " cut out the cross in the flag or 
ancient that they carry before them when they train/' Capt. 
Endecott, their captain, a holy, honest man, utterly abandons it. 
His house, being the largest, is their meeting-house, where they are 
as yet but 60 persons. Domestic affairs. Endorsed, "Doctor 
Stoughton showing his great correspondence with the irregular, in- 
conformable fugitive ministers beyond the seas in New England." 

Dec. 24. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Letter brought 
by a Dutchman from Capt. Bell. The Dutchman says the colony is 
in health ; their fortifications handsome, and their ordnance fit to 
prevent the approach of ships. The coast is dangerous for strange 
vessels, the cotton proves well, and their fields are full of tobacco, 
whereof 7,000 weight was exchanged for commodities. Went to 
Association, where "they had about 150 remaining alive," and from 
thence to Capt. Camock. Gives a most encouraging account of the 
trade and produce of the Cape ; three Dutch ships at the Bay of 
Darien found gold about the necks of the natives, but the Vice- 
Admiral, going armed with his men among them, for the purpose of 
trade, the Indians fled, and killed the Vice- Admiral with a dart, 
" and so the design was crossed/' Offers his services to the Com- 
pany, who order him a reward of 51. [Colonial Entry Bh, Vol. 
III., pp. 186-87.] 

1634 ? 40. Petition of the planters of New England to the King. Set 
forth the great discouragement to them in that they are not able to 
send ships to the plantations in New England, before obtaining 







licence, and the prohibitive impost upon many articles of neces- 
sity there. Pray that they may have freedom to transport free of 
customs all their portable estates, with fitting necessaries, to their 
several plantations. A nnexed, 

40. i. A particular of the liberties granted to the planters of 
New England, their factors and agents, by the patent of 
4 March 1629. 

40. ii. Proofs that they have been debarred of those privileges. 

41. "A Form of project for settling the profession of the Gospel 
of Christ in New England, to be signed by benefactors to that 
plantation." Endorsed, " Found amongst Dr. Stoughton's papers. 
This letter containeth an undue way of gathering monies without 
authority, for the plantation in New England." [Copy.] 

42. Petition of Maurice and Edward Thompson and Geo. Snelling 
to the Privy Council. Have hired the Discovery and the Sampson 
for a voyage to the Caribbee Islands. Pray for licence to transport 
500 dozen of shoes, 200 muskets, and 200 swords for the use and 
defence of those plantations. 

43. " Map of the south part of New England as it is planted this 
year, 1634." [This is a printed copy of the map inserted in the 

first edition of Wood's " New England Prospect."'} 

Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. The Company, 
suspecting Colson's intention to return to Holland, with their papers 
delivered to him at Providence, procure letters for stopping him. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 188.] 

44. . Governor Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Received the 
King's letters [of 29 Sept. 1634] on 10th inst., but Mr. Stoner, who 
was entrusted with His Majesty 's directions, died on the voyage. 
Cannot hear of his papers. Will make known the King's commands 
to the Assembly, which will meet on 20th of next month. 

Jan. 29. Minutes of the Council for New England. Lords Sterling and 

Lord Gorges' Alexander admitted Councillors and Patentees. The Duke of Lenox, 

St Martia^sLane Marquis f Hamilton, and Earl of Carlisle admitted " before this 

book was received " from the Clerk of the Privy Council [W. Dick- 

enson], to be registered as Patentees and Councillors. [Colonial 

Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, p. 18.] 


Jan. 19. 

Jan. 27. 


Feb. 3. 

Lord Gorges' 

Minutes as above. Agreement made for the several divisions of 
lands upon the sea coasts of New England, to be immediately held 
of His Majesty, which were granted to the Patentees, Adventurers, 
and Council of New England by charter, by King James I. The 
boundaries of these divisions, eight in number, are particularly 
described. On 1 8th April leases for 3,000 years were granted, and 
on 22nd April several deeds of feoffment were made to the several 
proprietors.-* [Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, pp. 19-22.] 

Feb. 3. 45. Copy of the preceding. 

N 2 



Feb. 3. 46. Copy of part of tlie preceding Minute of 3 Feb. Recital oi 
Lord Gorges' division. 

Feb. 3. 47. Copy of part of the above. Recital of Capt. Mason's division. 
[Certified copy.] 

Feb. 3. 48. Another copy of the preceding. 

Feb. 4. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Resolved to petition 
Warwick House, the King for a new patent for trade upon the main; that the 
Company may be incorporated by a new name, and enjoy other 
privileges. The Earl of Holland promised to move the King for a 
grant, to acquaint the Lord Treasurer with their intention, and 
crave his assistance. Mr. Woodcock's offer to lend a ship for carrying 
passengers to Providence, referred for consideration. Warrant 
having been obtained for the apprehension of Sam. Colson, it is 
resolved to procure another for Mic. Archer, both suspected of a 
secret combination to go to Holland, where it is feared dangerous 
use may be made of the Company's letters [from Providence], 
remaining, " for ought is known," in Colson's hands. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. I I I., pp. 188-89.] 

Feb. 5. Minutes as above. Warrants for the apprehension of Colson and . 
Archer delivered to Isaac Barton. The William and Anne having 
arrived at Flushing from Association, a person to be sent to take 
account of her goods. Mr. Lane agrees to return to Providence by 
the next ship, at the request of the Company ; if any plantation is 
settled upon the main, he is to have liberty to remove there. 
Accounts ordered to be made out, of money disbursed by the 
Company for him. He is requested to put in writing his information 
of some miscarriages in the government there, "that they [the 
Company] might reprove reform, and order things as shall be fit." 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 189-90.] 

Feb. 9. Minutes as above. Peter Key's proposition to settle an allowance 
Brooke House. O n his brother, who had been two years upon the main with Capt. 
Camock, as minister to his Company ; the Treasurer ordered to pay 
10. for his present supply. Mr. Woodcock's offer to lend his ship of 
150 tons for 110Z. monthly, including victuals and mariners' wages, 
after her unlading at St. Christopher's, accepted, an opportunity 
having presented itself to take over a minister, Mr. Lane, Mr. 
Sherhard's wife, and some servants, whereby Mr. Sherhard's stay in 
Providence will be confirmed, and the planters much encouraged. 
The number of persons to be sent, and the means to raise money re- 
ferred for consideration. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 191-92.] 

Feb. 16. Minutes as above. Letter read from Capt. Bell of May 17, 1634. 
Brcoke House. Mr. Lane treated with concerning his removal to Providence ; several 
requests made by him complied with. His demand for a loan of 
40Z. referred to consideration. Mrs. Hart acquainted with the state 
of her husband's accounts, which are annexed ; referred for further 
examination. A Committee appointed for managing the Company's 
business. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 192-93.] 


1G35. Vo '" VIIL 

Feb. 20. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Proposals to Mr. 
Brooke House Burdett respecting his entertainment as minister at Providence. 
He is authorized to make overtures to some godly persons now in- 
tending to return to New England, who he hopes may be persuaded 
to accompany him. Wil. Jessop, the Company's Secretary, to be 
allowed 40?. per annum. As an encouragement to Mr. Lane it is 
agreed to recommend to the General Court to admit him a Councillor 
in Providence, and that 201. be lent to him. Several orders con- 
cerning the hire of Mr. Woodcock's ship, and raising a supply for 
transporting 20 passengers to Providence. Mr. Woodcock's propo- 
sition to send over a midwife approved, and a loan of 4?. promised to 
fit her for the voyage. [Colonial Entry Sk., Vol. III., pp. 193-96.] 

Feb. 22. Minutes as above. The Sec. directed to prepare answers to letters 
Brooke House, received from Providence. Resolved to borrow 200?. for the next 
voyage. Supply of ordnance desired by the Governor of Associa- 
tion to be respited. The proposition for Mr. Lane to be of the 
Council of Providence is debated, and several considerations sub- 
mitted by the Treasurer, [John Pym] answered, but the Treasurer 
refused to give his opinion, conceiving that the Committee was not 
fully enabled to determine the question. Proposal of Mr. Darley 
for putting out servants to learn divers trades for the use of the 
Company approved, and 201. ordered to be disbursed for placing 
out able strong boys. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 196-98.] 

[Feb.] 49. Petition of Samuel Vassall to the Lords Commissioners for 

Foreign Plantations. Was committed prisoner to the Fleet on the 
4th Feb., where he has since remained, for not attending their Lord- 
ships in the differences between himself and Edward Kingswell, 
which the petitioner explains was his mistake. Is confident of the 
justice of his cause and that he shall be able to prove how untruly 
his adversary clamours against him. Prays for his enlargement. 
[The following papers relate to this controversy. See also Kingswell's 
petition, Sept. 1634, ante, p. 190, No. 29 ; and Sir Henry Marten's 
Reports, p. 194, No. 38, and 11 May 1635, p. 207.] 

49. I. Order of the Privy Council ; referring a bill of losses 
and charges alleged to have been sustained by Edward 
Kingswell through Samuel Vassall and Peter Andrews, 
to Edward Nicholas and Sir A braham Dawes for their 
report. Whitehall, 1635, March 10. 

49. II. Report in the handwriting of Ed. Nicholas, of the losses 
and charges sustained by Kingswell arising out of the 
transportation of 40 persons to Carolina, as well for 
goods and provisions as for necessaries provided for them 
in Virginia, the whole amounting to 2,710?. 13s. 1635, 
April 7. [Rough draft.] 

49. in. Mem. that upon complaint of Edw. Kingswell, Samuel 
Vassall and Peter Andreics were ordered to pay 
611?. Is. 4d upon the report of Mr. Nicholas and Sir 
Abrah. Dawes, for losses and damages sustained by 


1635. ... -..v : . 

Kingswell through not performing their contract for the 
transportation of himself, his lady and family, to 

49. iv. Order of the Privy Council upon a petition of Samuel 
Vassall, complaining of the preceding report that the 
petitioner and Andrews are directed to pay 6 IK. Is. 4?d. 
to Kingswell, although the servants and goods transported 
to Virginia were for his own use and he received at lea^t 
450. for them, and praying for a new reference of the 
cause; directing Vassall to deposit the above sum of 
61 ~il. Is. 4<i. with Sir Abrah. Dawes,from whom and Ed. 
Nicholas a further report is required, upon which Vassall 
and Andrews may be set at liberty. Whitehall, 1635, 
Dec. 23. [Rough draft.'] 

49. V. Kingswell to Nicholas. Has been ill ever since his un- 
happy conjunction with Vassall, to whose objections he 
replies. Refers for consideration the residue of his bill 
of damages, amounting to above 2,000. Is not able to 
attend him and Sir Abrah. Dawes in person. Requests 
the further hearing of the cause to be adjourned. 1636, 
Jan. 7. 

49. VI. Report in the handwriting of Nicholas, upon the excep- 
tions made by Vassall to the several articles in the pre 
vious report [of 7 April 1 635, 49. n.]. Whether the Lords of 
the Council will rest satisfied with the former order of the 
Commissioners for plantations or accept the offer of 
Vassall for a speedy and final ending of the controversy. 
1636, Jan. 8. 

49. vii. Answer of Samuel Vassall to the pretensions of Edward 
Kingswell. Whether there was any breach of covenant 
on Vassall's part, and whether Kingswell sustained 
damage for want of a pinnace to follow him to Virginia, 
promised by Vassall and Andrews. Vassall previously 
sent a pinnace at his own charge to discover the coast of 
Florida. Kingswell was informed that there was not suf- 
ficient water, upon all the coast, for the Mayflower, which 
was to have transported him. Another ship was proffered 
for the voyage which Kingsivell refused, and it was at his 
own desire that he was taken to Virginia in the Mayflower, 
to winter there. Kingswell received no damage for want of 
the pinnace. A ship was sent in the spring to transport 
Kingswell and his company to Florida. Mr. Wingate, 
Kingswell 's partner, wife and family, came from Virginia 
in March [1634]. King swell's reasons for returning in 
June. Vassall's ship arrived in Virginia in July and 
would have transported Kingswell had he been there. 
Kingswell's affidavits ought not to be taken ; his hasty re- 
turn from Virginia the cause not only of his own damage, 
but of far greater amount to Vassall. 1636, Jan. 



49. viii. Offer of Vassall to bring the differences between him 
and Kingswell to a trial at law the next term, the verdict 
to be consented to by both and the damages assessed ordered, 
by the Privy Council, to be paid by them accordingly. 
1636, Jan. 15. 

49. ix. Vassall to Nicholas. Understands there is a new warrant 
for his commitment to the Gatehouse ; knows not what 
offence he has committed, but thinks the Privy Council 
have had some misinformation ; has sent his wife to know 
the truth; intreats his favour with the Lords. 1636, Jan. 21. 

March 2. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Patent for the 
Brooke House, trade at Cape Gratia de Dios read, and Mr. St. John desired to 
show it to the Attorney [General]. Agreement for necessary dis- 
bursements for the next voyage. Wages due to Mr. Sherhard ordered 
to be paid to his " intended wife " for her better encouragement to 
undertake the voyage. Isaac Barton is entertained in the Com- 
pany's service, about their stores and debts in the island. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 198-99.] 

[March.] 50. Digest of an Ecclesiastical Government for the Church of New 
England. Four degrees of clergy to be called Ministers, Doctors, 
Elders, and Deacons. Mode of election. Duties of each, except the 
Doctors, not yet decided upon. Also of a President for convocation. 
Process of excommunication. Latin. Endorsed, "The Canons and Con- 
stitutions of the Church of New England, received March 3, 1634-5." 

March 5. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Answer received 
Brooke House, from Mr. Burdett that he could not promise to go this voyage to 
Providence. Contract with Mr. Woodcock again confirmed. Sir 
Nath. Rich, agrees to contribute 20. towards the charges. Notice 
received that the William and Anne had been wrecked at Belle- 
isle upon the coast of Brittany, and a meeting fixed to advise 
what should be done. Isaac Barton to have six servants to go with 
him to the island. Hopes of Mr. Pruden, a minister, consenting to 
go over. List of the passengers, estimated at 37, including servants. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 199-201.] 

March 9. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Wreck of the William 
Brooke House, and Anne at Belle-isle ; 100 tons of braziletta and 40 tons of tobacco 
saved. Divers planters lately inhabiting Association left at the 
island of Gratiosa, amongst them Anth. Roberts, the Company's 
agent. Letter to be written to the Governor of Belle-isle, that none 
of the goods be disposed of without the Company's consent. Con- 
cerning the proposition to appoint Mr. Lane of the Council in 
Providence ; Mr. Treasurer states his objections, but Mr. Lane is 
declared to be legally elected by the major part of the Committee. 
Mr. Treasurer's reasons for consenting to Mr. Lane's election. FOOT 
servants to be sent by the next ship to Mr. Sherhard, and hi" 
allowance, of 50Z. per annum for his ministerial functions while he 
remains in the island, resolved to be continued. Isaac Barton 
refuses an offer of the Sheriff's place in Providence. [Colonial Entry 
Bk. } Vol. III., pp. 201-4.] 



March 12. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Concerning the goods 
Brooke House, from the William and Anne at Belle-isle. Agreement with Isaac 
Barton to serve as Sheriff in the island. Debate upon a motion of Sir 
Nath. Rich, concerning the admission of the whole of the adventurers 
to Providence to the benefit of trade at the main. Rich. Bolter, 
a millwright, is entertained to go by the next ship to Providence. 
[Colonial Entry Bh, Vol. III., pp. 204-6.] 

March 13. Minutes of a Committee for Association Island. Letters read 
concerning the wreck of the William and Anne. Resolved to 
dispatch an agent into France to take possession of goods from the 
wreck; [Robt.] Washborne proposed for that service. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 206-7.] 

March 1 6. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Orders concerning 
the conjunction of the trade at the main, with the plantation in 
Providence. Those only to receive benefit from that trade who 
contribute to the supplies of adventure. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., p. 208.] 

March 17. 51. Minute of Committee of Foreign Plantations. Captain North 
Whitehall, to have his patent again [see ante, p. 79, No. 8], upon condition that 
he and the Company submit to ecclesiastical and civil government, for 
which no provision has yet been made in the patent ; and that they 
begin their voyage by Midsummer next. A difference in the Com- 
pany concerning money ; subscriptions entered into, but no money 

March 19. Minute of a Court [for Association Island]. Mr. Perry, newly 
Brooke House, come from thence, gives information that the island has been sur- 
prised by the Spaniards. Answer to be prepared to objections 
concerning the Company's care of its defence. Considerations for 
their justification. The truth of Perry's report questionable ; such 
good grounds to believe the English are again settled there, that 
that it is shortly intended to send a ship thither. Overture to Mr. 
Evartsen, the Dutchman, to settle at Providence. Inquiry of Hugh 
Wentworth to be made, concerning a complaint from the Company's 
tenant, of the ill quality of the land in the Somers Islands. [Colo- 
nial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 208-10.] 

March 21. 52. Sir Ferd. Gorges to Sec. Windebank. Perceives that it is the 
King's pleasure to assign him Governor of New England, and desires 
expedition to be used in repealing the patents of those already 
planted in Massachusetts Bay. Hopes as soon as the Grand 
Patent is surrendered that the King will make some declaration of 
his pleasure ; that directions will be given to such as transport any 
number to those parts to have recourse to the Governor where to 
settle themselves ; that a commission will be granted respecting 
his government ; and that certain clauses may be inserted in their 

March 23. Minutes of a Committee [for Providence Island]. Wil. Thorpe, 
Brooke House, formerly Lieut, of the King's Fort in the Somers Islands, is 


1635. y- VIIL 

promised employment in the island suitable to his breeding. Robt. 
Washborne to have 20. towards his charges of employment in 
France. Mr. Perry's relation concerning the surprisal of Tortuga 
taken into consideration ; a plot between him and Capt. Wormeley 
suspected. Commission to Capt. Hilton for government of the 
island agreed on. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III. } pp. 210-11.] 

April 2. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Edwards is 
Brooke House, entertained in the Company's service. Loan of 4:1. to Lieut. Thorpe 
to furnish himself for the voyage. Capt. John Hilton not being in 
England, upon whom the Company desires to settle the government 
of Association, it is resolved that Capt. Wormeley continue in the 
government until further order ; the heads of a letter and instructions 
agreed on. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 211-12.] 

April 3. 53. Governor Harvey to Sec. Windebank, The preposterous 

From the Fort at haste of Sir John Zouch and Captain Button, to leave the colony, 

^ vSia Ft k as P revente( l hi m fr m writing at large. His next letters will 

show that faction and not zeal to the King's service has caused 

them to leave the chief of their business behind. Endorsed by 

Windebank, " Rec. 9 June 1635." 

April 9. 54. Governor Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Knows not any man 

Virginia. so fit for the command of Point Comfort as Capt. Francis Hook, an 

old servant of King James. Requests the King's approbation of his 

appointment. Endorsed by Windebank, "Rec. 5 June 1635, by 

Mr. Hawley." 

April ? 55. List of the number of men, women, and children, inhabiting 
in the several counties within the colony of Virginia total 4,914. 
Underwritten is a memorandum that since this list was brought in 
205 persons had arrived in two ships from Bermudas. Endorsed by 
Windebank, "Rec. 5 June 1635, by Mr. Hawley." 

April 10. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Mrs. Filby 
Brooke House, gives an account of the surprise of Association. Capt. Wormeley, by 
reason of his cowardice and negligence in losing the island, is de- 
prived of his government and banished thence, and Mr. Woodcock 
undertakes to provide a fit person to succeed him. Thos. Higgins 
is entertained to go to Providence in the Expectation. Orders con- 
cerning Mrs. Filby 's return to Association. Mr. Danvers licensed to 
return to Providence ; order for an account of his plantation. The 
Council in Association to have orders to sequester the estate and 
debts of Capt. Hilton, to the use of his wife and children. [Colonial 
Entry Bk, Vol. TIL, pp. 212-13.] 

April 14. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Mr. Woodcock pro- 
Brooke House, poses Capt. Lea for the government of Association ; but on the motion 
of Sir Nath. Rich, it is resolved that a Council shall be appointed to 
govern the island, with a President, to be elected by themselves. 
The negroes to be taken to Providence to discharge Capt. Hilton's 
debts. Authority to suspend Capt. "Wormeley, seize his goods and 





secure his person, if found guilty. Proposal of a minister, who 
is also exercised in the practice of physic, to enter the Company's 
service. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 213.] 

April 17. Minutes of a ,Coinmittee for Association Island. Capt. Nic. 
Warwick House.Riskinner is entertained Governor of the island ; heads of instruc- 
tions agreed on ; encouragements promised if he remain. [Colonial 
Entry Bk.,Vol. III., p. 214.] 

April 18. Minutes as above. Proposals of Captain Riskinner for two 
Brooke House, pieces of ordnance and ammunition, to be delivered to him at 
Association, with 30 muskets, and 20. in commodities. [Colonial 
Entry Bk, Vol. III., p. 214.] 

April 18. Grant, by indenture, of the Council for New England to John 
Wollaston, goldsmith of London, of certain lands, to be called the 
Province of New Hampshire. Copy. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
LIX.,pp. 123-25.] 

April 18, 
April 18. 
April 18. 

ord Gorges' 

April 20. 


Abstract of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1620, Nov. 3.] 
Minutes of the above. [Ibid.] 

Minutes of the Council for New England. Lord Gorges chosen 
President. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, p. 27.] 

The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell, Governor. 
Send some useful persons and supplies. Eeceived his letter of 
10 March 1634 in August last, with a full account by Mr. Lane of 
the success of their intended trade at Darien. Have ordered re- 
wards to those eight persons who accompanied Mr. Lane. Lament 
the " disunion of hearts and ends ; " nothing more dangerous nor 
troublesome than such reports. Censure his conduct for unlawfully 
imprisoning the clerks of the stores, and countenancing Capt. Elfrith 
in that particular. Verdict in Mr. Jenks' action against Capt. 
Elfrith. Condemn Mr. Rishworth's behaviour concerning the ne- 
groes who ran away, as indiscreet ("arising, as it seems, from a 
groundless opinion that Christians may not lawfully keep such 
persons in a state of servitude, during their strangeness from Chris- 
tianity") and injurious to themselves. Mr. Lane returns, and has 
liberty to choose ground in the island not already possessed, for 
planting madder, indigo, or other commodities, Capt. Hook may 
reside upon Capt. Axe's plantation. Heavy charges against some 
of the Councillors. Forbear as yet to censure Mr. Rish worth. 
Desire that Trippett, the gunner, will discover to him the true way of 
making " mecoachan ; " if he refuse, the Company forbid his depar- 
ture from the island. Tobacco. Timber from Henrietta. The people 
to be diligent in planting cotton, and particularly Camock's flax. 
If their expectations are realised, will quickly send a large supply ol 
men. Will write to Capt. Rudyerd to send his colours back, as 
"the island is left destitute." A good smith provided. Are sorry- 



that turtle should fail at the Mosquitos ; propose a remedy. The 
Indians to receive good usage and encouragement to trade. Not 
yet satisfied with his proposition for bringing Indian women to the 
island. If children of either sex may be had, would not have that 
opportunity neglected of their Christian education. Are glad that 
the Black Rock is finished. Have endeavoured to supply the luck 
of soldiers ; men experienced in the wars were sent by the Robert ; 
Lieut. Thorpe goes by this ship* The planters' discouragement. 
Supply of salt ; see no reason why it should not be made in the 
island. Wish to know what letters were committed to the care of 
Sam. Colson. Capt. Hilton's authority to dispose of goods. Are 
very desirous that Lawrence Peterson should stay in the island. 
Complaint of Mr. Hunt. Maintenance of peace and friendly corre- 
spondence among the Council. Would have certain times appointed 
for public consultation. Inconvenience of too frequent meetings. 
Privacy in debate insisted upon. Directions to keep " a fair correspon- 
dency " with the Council ; to concur in all their resolutions, except 
where he has warrant to determine alone. " For the word absolute 
power, we do utterly dislike the language, and therefore would not 
have it once named/' All respect of persons to be avoided. The 
Secretary to enter all causes tried by jury. Directions for prevention 
of errors, wilful or accidental. Mr. Lane to be admitted of the 
Council, and Lieut. Price to have liberty to come home. Paget's 
relations concerning Dureren [Darien ?] ; forbear as yet to prosecute 
that design any further. Forbid masters letting out for private 
benefit, servants consigned to them by the Company. Supply of 
Capt. Camock's company. Freight and dispatch home of com- 
modities procured upon the main ; and the disposal of those in 
Providence, "the price whereof we desire to improve to the utmost." 
Isaac Barton appointed Sheriff in the room of Sam. Symonds. 
Will. Wyatt's complaint. Approve of the choice of Capt Rous to 
be Captain of the leeward side of the island. Wil. Thorpe to be 
Lieutenant of Warwick Fort, if Lieut. Price leave Providence. 
Trippett's complaint concerning his excommunication. Disapprove 
of Ant. Rous' conduct with Langton ; but " because of tbe different 
quality of the persons," Rous' fine is moderated. Had due watches 
been carefully provided, the surprise of Association might have been 
prevented. Disposal of negroes from Association. Mr. Danvers to 
have his plantation, servants, &c. The Governor to show his public 
instructions and letters to the Councillors when requested. Wild 
cotton to be sent home. Capt. Riskinner goes Governor of Asso- 
ciation ; should that island be deserted by the English, Gov. Bell is 
directed to give him kind usage and entertainment. If Capt. 
Christ. Wormeley arrive at the island from Association, a very 
strict eye is to be kept upon him, and he is to be sent home by this 
ship for having " given us some cause of distaste/' [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 75-9.] 

April 20. Commission from the Company of Providence Island, appointing 
Warwick Capt. Sussex Camock, Governor of all agents, factors, and other 
u$e> servants employed in the trade at Cape Gratia de Dios. [Colonial 
Entry Sk., Vol. IV., p. 79.] 


1035. Vor " 

April 20. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Cornelius 
Billinger, master of the Expectation, of London. To sail from St. 
Christopher's direct to Association, " otherwise called Tortuga," and 
ascertain whether it be in possession of the English. If so to attend 
Mr. Lane 14 days, and from thence proceed to Providence. If the 
English are not in possession, to find out what has become of them, 
and receive directions from the Company's Commissioners concerning 
them. To consign the goods for Capt. Camock to him, by the first 
opportunity ; and if he cannot provide a full freight, to supply 
himself at Providence. Being laden, to make all speed home. To 
forbid the seamen to truck for any commodities at the main. If 
Capt. Riskinner resolve to stay at Association, to leave two pieces 
of the ship's ordnance, with a few bullets, for better defence of the 
island. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 80.] 

April 21. Minutes of a Court for Association Island. Capt. Riskinner to be 
Warwick House. SU ppli e j w ith muskets, pistols, ordnance, and ammunition for defence 
of the island, and tools for building and planting there. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 214-15.] 

April 22. Grant of the Council for New England to Capt. John Mason, of 
certain lands, to be called the province of New Hampshire, with an 
additional 10,000 acres in New England, to be called Masonia. 
{Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LIX., pp. 1 27-30.] 

April 22. Abstract of the preceding. [Colonial Corresp., 1620, Nov. 3.] 

April 22. Counterpart of the above, signed and sealed by Capt. John Mason. 
[Copy. Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LIX., pp. 131-35.] 

April 22. Abstract of the preceding. [Colonial Corresp., 1620, Nov. 3] 

April 22. 56. Grant of the Council for New England to William Lord 
Alexander, of all that part of the main land in New England from 
St. Croix, adjoining New Scotland, along the sea coast to Peinaquid, 
and so up the river to the Kinebequi [Kenebeck], to be henceforth 
called the county of Canada ; also the island of Matowack, or Long 
Island, to the west of Cape Cod, to be hereafter called the Isle of 
Sterling ; to be holden of the Council and their successors, per 
Gladiuin Comitatus, that is to say, to find four able men, armed for 
war, to attend upon the Governor of New England for the public 
service, within fourteen days after warning given. [Copy on 

April 22. 57. Grant, by indenture, for the Council of New England to James 
Marquis of Hamilton of certain lands in New England, to be hence- 
forth called the county of New Cambridge, with an additional 
10,000 acres, to be called [left blank]. [Copy.] 

April 25. 58. Declaration of the Council for New England, for resignation 
Earl of Cariisle's f the great charter; present, Lord Gorges, President ; Capt. Mason, 
Whitehall'. Vice-President ; Marquis of Hamilton, Earls of Arundel and Surrey, 
Southampton, Lindsey, Carlisle, Sterling ; Lords Maltravers, Alex- 
ander ; Sirs Ferdinando Gorges, Kenelm Digby, Robert Mansell, 


1G35. VOL. VIII. 

Henry Spilman, James Bagg, and Mr. Montague. Have found, by 
long experience, that their endeavours to advance the plantation of 
New England have been attended with frequent troubles and great 
charges ; that they have been deprived of near friends and faithful 
servants employed in that work ; assaulted with sharp litigious 
questions before the Privy Council by the Virginia Company, who 
complained to Parliament that their plantation was a grievance to 
the Commonwealth, and that they have been much disheartened by 
the loss of the "most noble and principal props thereof," as the Duke 
of Lenox, Marquis of Hamilton, and many other " strong stays to 
this weak building ;" and also by the claims of the French Ambas- 
sador, taking advantage of the divisions of the sea coast, which have 
been satisfactorily answered. These crosses only left a " carcass in a 
manner breathless/' until some lands in Massachusetts Bay were 
granted to certain persons, who surreptitiously obtained a second 
grant of lands justly passed to Capt. Robt. Gorges and others long 
before. Capt. Gorges went in person Governor, settled a plantation 
in Massachusetts Bay, but, leaving it in charge of the servants of the 
Council of New England, they were thrust out by those intruders, 
who, unknown to the Council, obtained a confirmation of a grant of 
some 3,000 miles of the sea-coast. The first foundation was thus 
rent in pieces, and new laws, new conceits of matters of religion, 
and forms of ecclesiastical and temporal government framed. Those 
who did not approve were whipped, their houses burnt, or otherwise 
punished. Receiving complaints which the Council for New 
England had no means to redress, the people petitioned the King, 
but the Council easily made it appear that they had no share in the 
evils committed. The Privy Council finding matters so desperate, 
saw a necessity for the King to take the whole business into his 
own hands, and they finding it too great a task to rectify what had 
been brought to ruin, resolved to surrender their patent, with 
reservation of their lawful rights. Pray that particular grants of 
the proportions of land they have mutually agreed on may be 
passed to them, that having a settled government, they may cheer- 
fully proceed in planting the several provinces. Have thought fit to 
publish to posterity these reasons and necessities for resignation of 
their patent. 

April 25. Another copy of the preceding. [Colonial Corresp,, 1631, Nov. 4, 
pp. 27-32.] 

April 25 ? Petition of Edward Lord Gorges, President of the Council for New 
England, in the name of himself and others of the Council to the 
King. Are about to join in a voluntary surrender of the grand 
patent of their Corporation to His Majesty. Prays that Mr. Attorney 
General may be ordered to prepare patents for confirmation of land 
formerly allotted to them by mutual consent, to be held imme- 
diately of the King, with reservation of the rights of every one 
lawfully planted on such lands. [Copy, on same sheet as No. 58. 
"Presented to the King 1 May 1635."] 

April 25 ? 59. Another copy of the preceding, with slight alterations. 


1635. VOL - VIIL 

April 26. Minutes of the Council for New England. Draught of the pre- 
Eari of Cariisle's C eding petition to the King is read and approved ; also His Majesty's 
Whitehall declaration concerning the establishment of a general government in 
New England, a province to be allotted to the Governor, and con- 
tributions from the plantations, the Great Seal to be delivered to 
Sir Ferd. Gorges. Directions for succession in the government. 
[Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4>, pp. 23-26.] 

May 2. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Concerning the 
Brooke House, government of the island. Sir Gilbert Gerrard desired to request the 
Earl of Warwick's order for payment of a good sum of money 
which he owes to the Company. A meeting fixed for Monday next, 
the members then absent to be fined 20s. [Colonial Entry Bk. t 
Vol. III., p. 215.] 

May 4. Minutes as above. Mr. Treasurer's proposition, to be discharged 

Brooke House. w ith credit and without loss, from the office he had held from the 

first incorporation of the Company, to be considered ; also proposals 

for clearing off debts owing by the Company. [Colonial Entry Bk. } 

Vol. III., p. 216.] 

May 5. Minutes of the late Council for New England. Acknowledgment 

Lord Gorges' to be made before a Master in Chancery of deeds containing their 
lse ' several grants of land and an enrolment of the same before the 
surrender of the grand patent. The King to be moved for confirma- 
tion of their deeds when the surrender is made. Thos. Morton to 
be solicitor and prosecute a suit for repealing the patent of the 
Massachusetts Company. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, p. 36.] 

May ? 60. Report of Francis Earl of Bedford and Henry Earl of Dover to 

the King. Concerning Captain Bamfield's demands against the 
Guiana Company ; he is willing to accept 300, in addition to the 
198. 10s. 4<d. formerly allowed by the Committee for expenses and 
loss of time. Annexed, 

60. i. Answer of the Guiana Company concerning Captain 
Bamfield's business. Cannot find any sufficient cause to 
increase their former allowance to him of 1981. 10s. 3d. 
[sic], but in respect of the King's reference, they have as- 
signed him 10(). out of the first money from certain 
arrears of adventure. 1635, May 6. 

May 7. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The Earl of Holland 

Brooke House, chosen Governor ; Sir Nath. Rich, Deputy ; John Pym, Treasurer ; 

Mr. Woodcock, Husband ; and W. Jessop, Sec. of the Company. 

Committee appointed to examine the state of the Company's debts. 

[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 217-18.] 

May 11. Minutes as above. The Company's debts to be paid out of "the 
Brooke House, proceeds" before any dividend is made. Information given by Earth. 
Styles, lately a minister of Association, and by others left behind at 
Gratiosa, of Capts. Hilton and Wormeley's care of the Company's 
interest at Association. Money due to Earth, Styles to be paid. 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 218-20.] 


1635. - VIIL 

May 11. Sir Henry Marten to the Privy Council. Second report upon 
petition of Edward Kingswell [see ante, p. 194, No. 38] concerning 
the victualling and usage of passengers in the Mayflower on their 
voyage to Virginia, the endeavours of Vassall to take Kingswell 
from thence to Carolina, and the repair of the George which should 
have accompanied the Mayflower. Seven witnesses affirm the 
victuals to have been good and sufficient. Henry Taverner, master 
of the Thomas, was hired by Vassall to take 28 passengers, in case 
any should die in the Mayflower. They arrived at Virginia in July 
1634, but Kingswell had left for England in the preceding May. 
Orpheus Dunkin, master of the Henry, was likewise hired to go out 
in July last, but the voyage was deserted for the same reason. Three 
shipwrights depose to the sufficient repair of the George, which 
should have accompanied the Mayflower to Virginia. Submits how 
far these witnesses "shall be considerable." [Colonial Corresp., 
1634, Dec. 20.] 

May 13. Minute of a Committee for Providence Island. Letters received 
Brooke House, from Mr. Washborue, the Company's agent in France, concerning the 
affairs of the William and Anne, are answered. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., p. 220.] 

May 16. Minutes as above. Financial engagements of the Company. 
Brooke House. Five pounds lent to A nth. Roberts, many years in the Company's 
service. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 220-21.] 

May 17. 61. Richard Kemp, Secretary of Virginia, to the Lords Commis- 
Virginia. sioners for Plantations. Was appointed by the King, Secretary for 
Virginia in August last ; arrived ill December and sent the answer 
of the colony to His Majesty's letters to have the sole " peremption" 
of all their tobacco. The necessity of the times call upon him to 
give " a true and perfect relation of the late distempers here," caused 
by Capt. Martin, Francis Pott, and William English, the Sheriff of 
York, gathering a multitude of people, about 27th April last, at the 
house of William Barrene, in York, the chief speaker, when "a 
writing " was read by Pott, subscribed by many from other parts of 
the country, complaining of a tax imposed by Governor Harvey, of 
the government of want of justice, and of the Governor that he would 
bring a second massacre among them. These men were apprehended 
and brought before the Council, when scenes of violence ensued, and 
Capt. Mathews informed the Governor that the fury of the people 
was up against him beyond their power to appease, unless he went 
to England to answer their complaints. About 40 musqueteers 
inarched up to the Governor's house, and danger to his person was 
apprehended. Sir John Harvey then resolved to go for England, 
and signified certain conditions to the Council, to none of which 
would they yield, but he afterwards delivered his commission and 
instructions into Kemp's custody. Describes the danger of such a 
precedent for future insolencies. The writing was by Dr. Pott, 
" whom we find to be the incendiary of these broils/' and who has 
been sent into England and security taken from him to attend their 



Lordships' commands. Capt. John West is chosen Governor until 
the King's pleasure is known; hopes it will be hastened and these 
" miserable distractions " settled. 

May 22. 62. Sec. Windebank to Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia. 

Desires him to believe that " he values him as a gentleman whose 
fair carriage to himself in particular, makes good to him the reputa- 
tion he generally holds of a person of worth." Has received his 
letters concerning Capt Yong and Lieut. Evelin, the bearer. His 
furtherance of the King's service is very pleasing to His Majesty, 
who expects the continuance of his care and assistance. 

May 22. 63. Sec. Windebank to Robt. Earl of Lindsey. The King expects 
that he will give every assistance to the bearer, Lieut. Robt. Evelin, 
who is on his return in the Plain Joan, to Capt. Yong in America, 
upon " special and very important service." 

May 23. 64. Capt. William Claybourne to [Sec. Coke ?]. Laments the tu- 
Eiizabeth City, mults and broils, wrongs and oppressions, which yearly increase the 

[Virginia.] infelicities of the colony. It seems to him a wonder that Sir John 
Harvey could not gain power to re-establish himself, but all men 
forsook him. Advises for the future, as little innovation as the 
nature of affairs will bear. All his rights have been trampled upon, 
and the King's express commands, under the protection of which he 
deemed himself so safe, have been contemned ; and so be has perished 
by security. Incloses " testimony of the misfortunes that swallow 
us." Annexed, 

64. I. Breviat of Capt. Claybourne's petition to the King, in 
reference to the disputes with Lord Baltimore concerning 
the jurisdiction of the Isle of Kent, from the King's com- 
mission o/16 May 1631. His Majesty's letters of 8 Oct. 
1634 [see ante, p. 191, No. 33], have been slighted and the 
settlers on the island brought to extreme want. The peti- 
tioner has been unjustly accused of many crimes and an 
endeavour made to remove him. 

May 25. 65. Capt. Sam. Mathews to Sir John Wolstenholme. Has pre- 
Newport News, sented him with divers passages concerning their late Governor 
[Virginia.] Harvey by the hands of Sir John Zouch. Describes the infinite 
number of injuries done to the people by Sir John Harvey ; the 
grounds of their grief and their reasons for begging some speedy 
redress. Wrongs done by the Governor to the colony in detaining 
and not communicating to the Council, the King's letter concerning 
a contract ; his usurpation of power in all causes, without any respect 
to the votes of the Council ; shutting out the Marylanders from 
every place of trade for corn, which increased the wants of Virginia, 
2,000 persons having arrived in the colony this year ; making a 
dangerous peace with the Indians against the advice of the Council 
and country, and violent conduct and proceedings at the Council 
table. The Secretary had been requested to take charge of the 
Governor's commission and instructions, and by Governor Harvey's 
desire a sufficient guard for the safety of his person was appointed. 


1635. VOL. VIII. 

It has been thought fit that the general grievances only of the people 
should be presented to the Lords Commissioners for Plantations, 
omitting particular complaints. Capt. John West, an ancient in- 
habitant and brother to Lord De la Warr, some time Governor of 
Virginia, has been elected Governor. Capt. Claybourne had applied 
two days since for redress against the oppressions of the Marylanders, 
who had slain three and hurt other inhabitants of the Isle of Kent. 
Does not believe they would have committed such outrages without 
Harvey's instigation. Concludes with " an assured hope that St. 
John Harvey's return [to England] will be acceptable to God, not 
displeasing to His Maj*y, and an assured happiness into this 

June 5. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. The number assembled 
Brooke House, being small, and the business to be debated of great importance, the 
Court adjourned until Monday next. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IIL,p. 221.] 

June 7. 66. The act of surrender of the Great Charter of New England 
to the King. 

[June 7.] Another copy of the preceding. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, 
pp. 33-36.] 

June 8. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The Treasurer's account 

Warwick House, allowed, and ordered to be audited. Payment to be made to the 

Secretary for a parcel of tobacco consigned to him by Lieut. Price. 

Financial business submitted by the Treasurer. [Colonial Entry 

Bk, Vol. III., pp. 222-23.] 

June 1 1. Grant of John Wollaston, citizen and goldsmith of London, in 
performance of the trust reposed in him, confirming to Capt. John 
Mason certain lands to be called the Province of New Hampshire. 
See ante, 18 April, p. 202. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LI X., pp. 


June 11. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Management of the 

Brooke House. Company's affairs. Committee appointed for financial business. 

Letter ordered to be written to the master of the Robert, and left at 

Michael's Mount, with directions to make London his port. The 

Treasurer's accounts. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 224-25.] 

June 12. 67. Officers of the Custom House to the Privy Council. Send 
Southampton. li s t of passengers who took shipping at Southampton for New Eng- 
land in April last. Inclose, 

67. i. List of 53 passengers, besides women and female children, 
who left Southampton for New England about 6 April 
1635, in the James of London, of 300 tons, William 
Cooper, master. 

June 20. Minutes of a Meeting for Association Island. Earth. Styles, late 
Brooke House, minister there, desires the Company to approve his assignment of 




property in the William and Anne to Gab. Barber. News brought 
that the Robert has arrrived. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 225.] 

June 22. 68. Capt. John Mason to Robert Smith. The King having 
signified to the Lords Commissioners for Plantations, that Mason 
should be Vice- Admiral of New England, Capt.Mason requests that 
he will get a book drawn for the office, and send it to him at Ports- 
mouth, that he may see it before it is engrossed. Incloses, 

68. I. Note of the jurisdiction of the Admiralty of New England 
which ought to extend from 40 to 48 degrees of Nwth 
latitude and to comprise the South Seas where lyeth 
California and Nova Albion. [See p. 214, No. 80.] 

June 23. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Complaint of 
Brooke House. John Edwin, purser of the Robert, against certain seamen for 
beating him, to which they were encouraged by Spencer the master, 
deferred for further witnesses. Account to be taken of all goods 
landed from the Robert and placed in the Company's storehouse. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 226.] 

June 24. Minutes as above. Mr. Hooke applies for payment of certain 
Brooke House, money. He accuses Mr. Sherhard with negligence of his duty, and 
" with debility of memory, whereby he was made unfit for the 
ministry ;" declares also the origin of his difference with Mr. Sher- 
hard, and the occasion of his excommunication. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol III., pp. 226-27.] 

June 26. Minutes as above. Order upon Lieut. Price's request for dis- 
Brooke House, charge of two bills. His transportation remitted in consideration 
of his length of service, and he is allowed to make the best price he 
can of the cotton he had brought over. Mr. Key, the minister, 
desires satisfaction for his time spent in the Company's service. The 
Secretary ordered to write to Mr. Ashman, to stay planters' goods 
coming from Association. Thos. Hunt to have the tobacco and 
cotton now sent, the proceeds of his plantation, after paying duties, 
freight, &c. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 227-28.] 

June 27. Minutes as above. Capt. Camock acquaints the Company with 

Brooke House, the "defensibleness" of Henrietta ; that it is very strong, and has a 

convenient harbour. " A fellow" lately come from Association, who 

reported the state of that island, rewarded with 6s. [Colonial 

Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 228.] 

June 29. Minute as above. Bond sealed for 1,6002. for payment of 821 1. 
Brooke House. O n 1st Nov. next, in pursuance of an order of 8th June last. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 228-29.] 

July 1. Minutes as above. John Brigham acquaints the Company that 

Brooke House. l ie offered Capt. Bell 2,000 weight of tobacco for a year's employment 

of 20 servants, but was refused. Mat. Grover, who came home in 

the Robert, and was formerly employed at Dureren [Darien] with 


1635. ' VIIL 

Mr. Lane, is allowed his transportation. Allowances to the wife of 
Sam. Bennett, a gunner in Fort Henry. Request of Fras. Grissell, 
to remit his transportation, refused. Various payments directed to 
be made. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 229-30.] 

July 2. 69. Order of the Privy Council concerning the dissensions in 
Whitehall. Virginia, the complaints of Sir John Harvey, and the injuries done 
by Lord Baltimore to Capt. Claybourne and others ; directing the 
Attorney General to examine the parties on both sides, to whom 
Governor Harvey's letters and other writings on the subject are to 
be delivered for his report. 

July 2. 70. Minutes in Sec. Windebank's hand, for settling the govern- 
ment of Virginia. To be in the King's immediate power, and 
managed by a Council, to continue during pleasure ; the Council to 
" give instructions to the plantation," and judge of all controversies, 
with appeal to the King and Privy Council ; to order forts and 
plantations, and make laws. The ancient territories to be granted 
to the people ; foreigners to be removed and pensions allowed. 
Subscribed by L. Dor[chester ?], Danby, and others, who are said to 
have no land there. 

July 7. Henry Vane to his father Sir Henry Vane, Comptroller of the 
Charing Cross. King's household. Has newly come back from speaking with Mr. 
Cradock concerning his intended journey, and thinks it his duty 
to communicate what seems most convenient to be done. For safety 
of passage, most necessary to lay hold of the present occasion of the 
ships now in the river, for his transportation to New England. 
Mr. Cradock hopes to gain him ten days to prepare himself, though 
the ships look every day to be gone, and has offered him all the 
accommodation he can desire. Begs that his pass may be dispatched, 
with an assurance that his father has resolved upon this place for 
him to go to, so that he may effectually prepare himself with all 
things suitable. Requests his father to believe, though, as the case 
stands, he is judged a most unworthy son, that however jealous his 
father may be of circumventions and plots entertained and practised 
by him, yet he will never do anything that he may not justify or 
be content to suffer for. Is sure, as there is truth in God, that his 
innocence and integrity will be cleared to his father before he dies. 
Protests his father's jealousy of him would break his heart, but as 
he submits all other things to his good God, so does he his honesty. 
The intention of his heart is sincere, and hence flows the sweet peace 
he enjoys amidst his many heavy trials. [DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Car. /.] 

July 8. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Payments to 
Warwick Lieut. Price, on behalf of Evan Jenkins, deceased, one of the eight 
persons employed with Mr. Lane at Darien ; and to Jos. Hineson, 
for wages as gunner in Warwick Fort. Warrant granted for 
delivery of goods sent home in the Robert, belonging to Capt. Elfrith 
and others. Allowances to Stephen Bray and Randall Ince. Com- 
pensation to be offered to Abrah. Chamberlayne to withdraw a suit in 

o 2 




July 11. 


July 14. 


July 14. 





Chancery, concerning a parcel of wood. Tobacco, cotton, and other 
goods now brought home, to be sold to the best advantage. Pay- 
ments to Forster, the surgeon, and Rich. Field, gunner. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 230-32.] 

71. Capt. John Mason to Edward Nicholas, Sec. to the Admiralty. 
Account of prizes taken ; above 1 50 sail of French brought into 
Dunkirk and other places. Begs him to move the Lords for a 
warrant for his Vice- Admiralty in New England; hopes it will be 
as ample as the affairs of that country require. The English 
plantations already extend 300 miles, and contain about 13,000 
inhabitants ; six sail of ships at least, if not more, belonging to them. 
The ships trading there exceed 40 sail. Is busy repairing Southsea 
Castle. Would fain be in readiness for the French against they 
become their enemies, " which will be very shortly, if my calendar 
be true." 

72. John Martyn, Mayor of Plymouth, Robert Trelawny, and 
John Clement, to the Privy Council. Arrival that morning of 
Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, who gave information of a 
late mutiny and rebellion in the colony. Francis Pott having been 
charged as a principal author and actor, they have detained him 
prisoner. Send letters sealed up in a trunk, from the mutineers, 
in charge of Thos Harwood, and desire to know what shall be done 
with Francis Pott. 

73. Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Excuses his coming from 
Virginia without licence. Reasons for doing so. Left the assembly 
composed of a rude, ignorant, and ill-conditioned people. Had 
issued warrants for apprehending the chief mutineers, but instead 
of the Council intending any good, they laid violent hands upon 
him, charged him with treason for going about, as they said, to 
betray their forts into the hands of their enemies of Maryland, 
chose another Governor while he was yet resident in the country, 
and compelled him to come to England. Has used the Mayor of 
Plymouth's authority " to fasten upon two persons" who came with 
him in the ship, principal abettors in the mutiny, as also upon their 
letters. It is to be feared the mutineers intend no less than the 
subversion of Maryland. Capt. Fran. Hook told him that they 
sought out the Maryland boats which were trading with the Indians, 
and assaulted them, and that there were slain and hurt on both sides. 
Will hasten up to render an account of his trust. Endorsed by 
Windebank, " Rec. 17 at Oatlands." 

Minutes of business to be heard before the Privy Council. That 
of Virginia between the Governor and the Council requires a speedy 
settlement. [Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

74. Declaration of Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, to 
the Lords Commissioners for Foreign Plantations, concerning the 
mutinous proceedings of the Council there and their confederates. 
"Was appointed by the King, about seven years since, Governor, John 


163.3. Vo,..VIII. 

West, Sam. Mathews, John Utie, William Claybourne, William 
Ferrar, William Perry, William Peirce, and George Menefie, and 
some others, all of the Council, being joined with him in the 
government. Hearing of secret and unlawful meetings, held by 
Mathews about December last, he ordered William English, Capt. 
Martin, and Francis Pott, to be apprehended, and demanded the 
assistance of the Council to suppress those mutinous meetings ; but 
on 28th April, Mathews and others of the Council armed, and with 
about 50 musketeers, beset him in his own house, where, with 
Secretary Kemp, he expected a meeting of the Council. John Utie 
struck him violently upon the shoulder, and said, " I arrest you for 
treason." Was told he must prepare for England, that he must 
and should go to answer the complaints against him. John Pott 
was in command of the musketeers, and then ordered them to 
retire " until there should be use of them." Guards were set in all 
directions, and he had no power to suppress this mutiny. English, 
Martin, and Pott were set at liberty, and a petition, laying many 
aspersions upon him, contrived by the Council in the name of the 
country, circulated by Fras. Pott, who, by fear and persuasion, 
obtained signatures, only those of Acorn ack refused to subscribe. 
Upon pretence of this petition an assembly was called on 7th May 
last, and proclamation made that complaints against him would be 
heard. The Council then chose John West Governor, who imme- 
diately assumed the government. Seeing them run into such 
dangerous courses, he commanded them to disperse the mutinous 
assembly, but they suppressed his letter, concealed it from the 
people, and contrived to share his house and estate amongst them. 
Motives from which he considers all this proceeds. Sir John Wol- 
stenholme having kept the country in expectation of a change of 
Governor, and of the renewing of a corporation ; the mutinous 
councils of Mathews, Utie, Peirce, and Claybourne, whose quarrels 
with him are set forth ; a grudge of John Pott for having been 
superseded in the government, and of his brother Francis for having 
been displaced Capt. of the Fort at Point Comfort ; and jealousies of 
Sir John Wolstenholme. Leaves the consideration to their Lordships, 
and prays for some timely remedy, that the offenders may be reduced 
to obedience, and receive condign punishment, and that the reputa- 
tion of him who has suffered so much may be repaired. 

July? 75. Petition of Henry Woodhouse to the King. About four 

years past His Majesty promised the petitioner the place of Governor 
of Virginia, the settling of which plantation has been of such long 
continuance " that he starveth with the expectation." Recites his 
former petition [see ante, p. 185, No. 24], and prays for a warrant 
for drawing his commission, " whereby he shall avoid further 
troubling of His Majesty." Endorsed by Sec. Windebank. 

July. 76. Petition of the adventurers of Southampton Hundred in 

Virginia to the Lords Commissioners for Plantations. Have ex- 
pended upwards of 6.000Z. in planting that hundred, and have 
nothing left but a stock of cattle in the hands of Capt. Utie, here- 





Aug. 4. 

Sept 18. 


Sept. 26. 



Oct. 1. 


Nov. 2. 


tofore their officer ; many having been killed, and others delivered 
without any order from the adventurers Pray that they may have 
order for delivery of their cattle in the hands of Capt. Utie, who 
desires to be discharged, and for power to inquire how the rest have 
been disposed of. 

77. Memorial of Sir John Harvey. That the ships now bound 
for Virginia may be stayed until the Lords Commissioners for 
Plantations shall settle the government there. Reasons. And that 
Thos. Harwood, now in London, and one of the late mutinous 
assembly in Virginia, may be restrained of his liberty. 

78. Similar memorial, somewhat shorter, but to the same effect as 
the preceding. 

79. " Testimonies concerning Thos. Horwood's speeches at Exeter." 
Ant. Browne being in the house of one Ebbettson in Exeter, saw 
" Whorewood or Harward," newly come from Virginia ; was informed 
that there was great contention there, that Capt. Harvey was dis- 
placed because he had done great injuries in that country, that 
Horwood was appointed by the country to carry letters to the King 
against him, and he will make great haste to be up before Sir John 
that he may make friends and the case good against him. Harvey 
had so carried himself in Virginia, that if ever he returned he would 
be shot. Signed by Ant. Browne. 

G. Garrard to [Lord Con way]. Sir Henry Vane has as good as 
lost his eldest son, who is gone to New England for conscience sake ; 
he likes not the discipline of the Church of England, none of our 
ministers will give him the sacrament standing, and no persuasions 
of the Bishops nor authority of his parents will prevail with him ; 
" let him go." {Extract. DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

Wil. Gourney, Mayor of Dartmouth, to the Privy Council. Two 
ships from Newfoundland, with about 60 seamen of the town, taken 
by Turkish pirates within three leagues of the Lizard. One of the 
vessels rescued by a Dutch man-of-war, and taken to Holland ; the 
other burnt by the Turks. Many Turkish men-of-war to the westward 
of Scilly ; great fears for the Newfoundland ships, unless the mis- 
chief likely to ensue is timely prevented. [DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Car. /.] 

Minutes of letters to John White of Dorchester, with abstracts of 
their contents. The letters from Governor John Winthrop of 
4 July 1632 [see ante, p. 154, -Z\Te>. 63], are included in this list. 
[DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

80. Lords of the Admiralty to Sir Henry Marten, Judge of the 
Admiralty. Require him to have a patent forthwith drawn up for 
Capt. John Mason, Treasurer to the King's late armies, to be Vice- 
Admiral of New England, with jurisdiction between 40 and 48 
degrees of North latitude, and to comprise the South Seas, Cali- 
fornia, and Nova Albion. 

Examination of John. White, clerk, parson of St. Trinity in Dor- 
chester, taken by Sir John Lambe, Dean of the Arches Court of 


1635. ' VIIL 

Canterbury. Concerning a letter written by him to Dr. Stoughton, 
and the distribution of certain money bequeathed by Mrs. Pitts. 
Acknowledges that a book of accounts and loose papers are in his 
handwriting, being notes of disbursements laid out by other men for 
New England, which money he repaid them back again. Another 
paper contains the purchase of the impropriation of the rectory of 
Seaton for the use of the ministers in Dorchester. [DOMESTIC 
Cowesp. Car. /.] 

Nov. 13. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. State of the Corn- 
Brooke House, pany's debts ; schedule annexed. Concerning wood belonging to 
Capt. Roope, brought home in the Dainty of Dartmouth ; the 
planters' goods brought to France by the William and Anne ; and 
certain demands of Mrs. Hart. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 232-33.] 

Nov. 17. Minutes as above. Divers accounts laid before the Committee, 
but respited. Mrs. Hart acquaints the Treasurer with her demands. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 233-34.] 

Nov. 21. Minutes as above. Accounts for the voyage by the Robert. Pro- 
Brooke House, position for discharge of the Company's debts. The Treasurer 
empowered to settle the demands of Mrs. Hart. John Hunt 
applies for some tobacco and cotton, the proceeds of his plantation. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 234-35.] 

Nov. 26. Minutes of the late Council for New England. The passing of 

At . , particular patents to be expedited. A petition to the King to be 

ings ' prepared, praying that allowance may be made for the proper estate 

and maintenance of the Governor. The first grant to Rich. Vines 

to be renewed. The hawks brought over by Capt. Smart to be 

presented to the King, and the Capt. to be recommended for his 

services. The Earl of Lindsey's request to have a portion of land 

allotted to Mm to be agreed to. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4., 

pp. 37, 38.] 

Nov. 27. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Answer promised to 
Brooke House. a request of John Hunt for discharge of his debts to the stores. A 
standing Committee appointed to determine all business relating to 
the islands. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 236.] 

Nov. 28. Minutes as above. Resolution concerning John Hunt's request 
Brooke House. f or remitting his debts to the stores. Mr. Key's demand for two 
year's and a quarter service. Request of Mr. Grissell for the trans- 
portation of himself and wife to be remitted. Wil. Stockdale presents 
a particular of receipts by Capt. Camock. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 236-37.] 

Dec. 7. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Isiand. Proposition of 

Brooke House. Ant. Roberts for payment of Sol., to be recommended to the Com- 
pany. Opinion upon the state of Mrs. Hart's demands ; she accepts 
120?., which is ordered to be paid, and requests an allowance for 
her husband's services as husband to the Company. It is replied that 
she had little cause to expect any reward, things not having been 



well husbanded by him. Demands for wages by Forster's wife, 
for his services as surgeon in the Robert. Several bonds sealed and 
renewed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 237-39.] 

Dec. 11. Notes by Nicholas of a meeting of the Privy Council, at which 
Whitehall, the King presided. The causes of Sir John Harvey's coming from 
Virginia are examined into and letter from the Council of Virginia 
of 1 6 May read. The King thinks it necessary to send the Governor 
back, though to stay but a day ; if he can clear himself he shall remain 
longer than otherwise he would have done. An assumption of the 
regal power to send hither the Governor. Harvey denies the general 
charge of not administering the oath of allegiance to new planters, 
and of being a favourer of the Popish religion, and says there is 
no particular charge against him. Denies the accusation of one 
Rabnet, of Maryland, that he said it was lawful and meritorious to kill 
a heretic King, but apprehended Rabnet, who afterwards proceeded 
against Harvey, by one Williams, a minister ; would not admit his 
testimony, because he had married two persons without a licence. 
Lord Baltimore's servants had slain three men at the entrance of 
Hudson's river, which goes to Maryland. Governor Harvey assumed 
the power to place and displace at the Council Board, and sequestred 
Thos. Hinton, because of ill-words spoken ; well answered. Charges 
by Mr. White, a minister ; silenced. Denies having permitted the 
Dutch to trade without taking security to take the commodities 
into England, according to his instructions. Struck Capt. Stevens, 
a Councillor, because of his ill language. Denies that he counte- 
nances the [Popish] religion in Maryland, and that there is public 
mass there. A note is added that Lord Cottington says he must 
make some order upon it. [Extract from Nicholas' Note Bk., Dec. 
1635, DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

Dec. 21. 81. Declaration to the Earl of Holland, Governor, on behalf of 
the Company for Providence Island. Letters have been received 
from the Governor, Council, and other inhabitants there, which 
state that upon 24 July last a Spanish fleet attacked the island, 
but unable to land amongst the rocks, were, after five di*,ys, beaten 
off, being much torn and battered by the ordnance from the forts. 
The place is of extraordinary importance from its position in the 
West Indian Seas, and interest in the trade of the richest part of 
America. There is a large harbour, where 100 ships of good burden 
may ride. 30,000. have been spent upon the plantation, which yields 
the King in customs ] ,000?. per annum. Discouragements received 
and continued injuries committed by the Spaniards. They have pub- 
lished an intention of their King to send greater forces to destroy 
the plantation, and the planters are so alarmed that, unless relieved 
by May next, they threaten to desert the island. It is requested 
that some sudden resolution may be taken to encourage other 
adventurers to join the Company, and to " hearten" the planters for 
defence of the island. Endorsed by Nicholas, " Presented Sunday, 
27 Dec., to the King in Council by the Earl of Holland/' 

Dec. 21. 82. Copy of the preceding. 


1635. - VIIL 

1635? 83. Memorial in the handwriting of Secretary Sir John Coke, 

concerning the Isle of Providence. Situation, ' nature," arid pro- 
ductions of the island. About 500 able persons, and 30 or 40 
women, who have as yet no commerce, but are endeavouring to trade 
with the Indians. A harbour, defended with three forts, which will 
contain three or four score vessels of 300 tons ; ships of a larger 
size cannot enter without hazard. About 13 or 14 fortified places, 
of which good gunners are the chief preservation. An enemy could 
only land in boats. All the planters are trained and armed. One 
thousand good men will defend the island against any force, but no 
other benefit, except from trade, must be expected. The planters 
discouraged because their adventurers fell off last year more than 
one half. There were 18 "whole sharers" and quarter sharers to 
make up 24. Every man costs near 30?. to send out. Arms and 
munitions have cost above 2,000?. More than 8,000?. will be 
required to supply the island, for 250 men at least must be sent 
over yearly. If maintained at the King's expense, the sum will be 
greater. The inhabitants unable to maintain so great a charge, 
but others may be able to undertake it, and afford the King 10,000?. 
profit, whereas if taken by the Spaniards they will lose all, and can 
expect nothing but cruelty. The planters desire the King's speedy 
resolution, because they must either desert the island or receive sup- 
plies before the spring. [Rough draft.} 

[Dec. 22.] 84. " Memorial for Virginia." [Lord Baltimore] requests that the 
King will be pleased to give orders that Capt. John West, Sam. 
Mathews, John Utie, and Wil. Peirce, the prime actors in the late 
mutiny, be sent , for into England, to answer their misdemeanors ; 
that the Attorney General draw out a new commission for Sir John 
Harvey to be Governor, with enlarged powers ; that Sec. Winde- 
bank prepare his instructions ; and that any petition touching 
Maryland may be examined in that country or else the King be 
moved to hear it. 

Dec. 24. Minutes of Committee for Providence Island. The Expecta- 
tion having arrived, a course is proposed to discharge the money 
payable upon her return. Mr. Woodcock proposes to set up families 
on his own account in the island, and to put off servants and com- 
modities for the planters' maintenance and defence, upon certain 
conditions. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. Ill , p. 239.] 

Dec. ? 85. The names of such men as have been proved to be the chief 

heads and actors in the late faction and mutiny in Virginia, and are 
to be sent for into England ; with reasons : Capt. John West " the 
usurper of the Government," Capts. John Utie, Sam Mathews, 
Wil. Peirce, and Mr. Geo. Menefie. Also reasons why Sir John 
Zouch should not be made one of the Council in Virginia, nor be 
permitted to return. 

Dec. 27. 86. Order of the Privy Council upon a declaration to the Earl of 

Whitehall. Holland, Governor of the Company for Providence Island [see ante, 

p. 216, No. 81]. The further consideration is referred to the Privy 


,-- VOL. VIII. 


Council, until the treaty with Spain is duly weighed, the King 
giving licence to his subjects to defend themselves from assault, and 
to act on the offensive against any who attempt to hinder their 
trade. [Draft] 

Dec. 27. 87. Copy of the preceding. 

Dec. 88. Geo. Burdett to Archbishop Laud. His voluntary exile is 

Salem, exposed to censure, but the truth is, his practice was regular and 
New England. therein obedience ecclesiastical very real. His judgment in the five 
articles was moderate, declarations correspondent, the knot of the 
controversy declined whatever malice did inform, or perjury confirm 
to the contrary. Wished to impart this to rectify his Grace's judg- 
ment of him and his ways, and to stop the mouth of calumny. The 
ground of his secession was impetuous and malicious prosecution, 
" importable expense," the end tranquillity in distance, which, could 
he yet enjoy in his native country, it would exceedingly rejoice him. 
Prays his Grace to accept these lines from him who desires a favour- 
able answer. Endorsed by Laud, " Rec. Feb. 22, 1635-6." 

1635? 89. Reasons for the stay of Wil Gayner, an Irishman, and his 
associates, from proceeding in their voyage from Holland to the 
[River] Amazon and adjacent parts. The King granted those 
countries to a company of noblemen and gentlemen of England, and 
they have been possessed by his subjects about sixteen years. 
The Council have thereupon stayed some English gentlemen who 
were going thence. These are in confederacy with G.iyner, who is 
likely to take the Dutch there, which would cause quarrel and 
bloodshed between the two nations. Underwritten is a note that 
Gayner lieth at one Clifton's, an English innkeeper in Flushing. 

90. Memorandum concerning the position and climate of Guiana. 
Attempted by Sir W. Raleigh, [Robt.] Harcourt, and others. 
Raleigh ruined by King James, who, by Gondomar, let the King of 
Spain know his whole design before Raleigh was out of the 

1635 ? 91. Petition of Francis Pott, late Capt. of His Majesty's Fort in 
Virginia, now a close prisoner in the Fleet, to Sec. Windebank. 
Upon complaint of Sir John Harvey, has stood committed since 
14 July last, whereby he hath no means left to subsist upon and is 
weakened in health. Prays for liberty to go abroad sometimes 
about his affairs, with his keeper, returning to the Fleet at night. 

1635? 92. Petition of Francis Pott, of America, close prisoner in tlie 
Fleet, to the Privy Council. Was, by Sir John Harvey's accusation, 
cast into prison, by the Mayor of Plymouth, on 1 4 July last, all 
his letters taken from him, and afterwards sent close prisoner to 
the Fleet. Prays for liberty until his business is heard, upon giving 
good bail, and that Sir John Harvey may be ordered to pay 50., 
long since due to him. 



1635? 93. Petition of Henry Kobinson, a prisoner in the Marshalsea, 

to the King. Was convicted by the Judge of the Admiralty of 
piracy in June last, but reprieved from execution. Prays that 
he may be delivered to one James Place, an English planter in 
Virginia, who is bound thither. Sir Henry Marten has certified 
to the truth of this petition, and that the King had expressed 
himself willing to grant a warrant for sending the petitioner to one 
of the plantations. Endorsed by Sec. Windebank, " Robinson to be 
sent away upon certificate of Sir H. Marten." 

VOL. IX. 16361638. 

Jan. 22. ]. Sir David Kirke, WilJ. Berkeley, and John Kirke, to Sec. 

London. Coke Jas. Kirke having had conference with the English Ambas- 
sador, concerning restitution from the French for wrongs committed 
in Canada, a letter from the King to the Ambassador is requested, to 
prosecute their just demand, and in case of denial, letters of marque 
to right themselves. If Sec. Coke thinks they should not have the 
King's letters, it is desired that he will write on their behalf. Are 
resolved to send away the bearer, so as not to lose the opportunity 
of restitution before the French ships sail for Canada next month. 
[On J-f- Jan. Lord Ambas. Scudamore writes from Paris that a peti- 
tion against De Caen for the Canada business had been delivered 
to the Council of State, who will report upon it at their first sitting. 
See Corresp. FRANCE.] 

Jan.? 2. Memorandum of a proposed instrument to be signed by the 

King for the Canada merchants. The grant of 11 May 1633 to be 
first recited. Then to be added that, restitution having been de- 
manded in France for wrongs done to British subjects, and answer 
returned that the Kings should not fall out for that cause, " let them 
right themselves and the strongest carry it," the King has thought 
fit to give power to his subjects for three years, " to surprise and 
take, &c., &c., to eject, &c., and after such taking to enjoy and 
possess, &c." The grant to pass no further than the Privy Signet, 
that it may not be so publicly known. [Draft, endorsed by Sec. 
Coke, " Canada merchants."] 

Jan. ? 3. Relation by the Canada merchants concerning an agreement 

made with Sir Kenelm Digby and company, by virtue of their 
patent for sole trade to Canada, for a voyage to those parts. That 
Digby and his company have reserved to themselves 200 wt. of 
beavers, of the value of 2001., which were taken from Beverton's 
[Brewerton?] widow, who was master of the ship [see ante, p. 128, 
No. 4], and killed on the voyage, and are kept from the Canada 
merchants. [This document appears to have been annexed to the 
preceding, and is similarly endorsed.} 



Jean. 2f). Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The Treasurer informs 
the Company that upon arrival of the Expectation, a declaration con- 
cerning the state of the island, was addressed to the Earl of Holland 
[see p. 216 No. 81], who having acquainted the King therewith, 
liberty was given to the Company to right themselves ; and that 
whatever they should take in the West Indies by way of reprisal, 
should be adjudged lawful. The Sec. is directed to send letters to 
the absent adventurers, to give notice of the ship's arrival, of the 
necessity of a speedy supply, and of the encouragement received 
from the State. The proportion of charge to pay off debts and to 
carry on the work is computed at 10,0001. Several propositions are 
made as to whether the Company should carry on the plantation 
by themselves, deliver it over to the State, or otherwise. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 239-41.] 

Feb. 1. Minutes as above. Lord Brooke offers two ships nearly ready 
Brooke House, and able to carry 200 men for the Company's service, and proposes 
to supply the island with 200 men upon certain conditions. After 
conference with Mr. Woodcock his proposition is withdrawn, and 
Lord Brooke resolves otherwise to dispose of his ships. Sir Ben. 
Rudyerd signifies his purpose not to adventure any more. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 242.] 

Feb. 5. Minutes as above. Consideration of Mr. Key's petition for re- 
Brooke House, compence for his services, and charging the Company with shuffling ; 
Lord Brooke desired to advise him to acknowledge the Company's 
bounty and his own error. Mr. Treasurer requested to set down 
some propositions for carrying on the plantation ; unanimously 
declared that the work ought not to be deserted. Treaty with 
Lord Brooke and Mr. Woodcock about hiring their ships for 
reprisal. [Colonial Entry Bit., Vol. III., pp. 242-43.] 

Feb. 8. Minutes as above. The Treasurer acquaints the Company with 

Brooke House, some propositions for carrying on the business [of the plantation], 

but no resolution is passed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 243.] 

Feb. 11. Minutes as above. Note to be prepared against next meeting, of 
Brooke House, every man's proportion of the debt payable by the Company. A 
bond sealed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 244.] 

Feb. 12. Minutes as above. Mr. Key renews his request for relief, but 
Brooke House, nothing is done. Upon serious consideration of the late assault of 
the island by the Spaniards, and the planters' desire of a speedy 
supply, as also of the encouragement given by the State, which 
expects that something will be done, a proposition is made to every 
member of the Company to send 500 men within two years with 
ammunition and necessaries, the cost of which is estimated at 
10,0001. In case that stock should not be underwritten, Lord Brooke 
proposes to undertake the whole business upon certain conditions. 
Debate upon Grissell's petition for remitting his transportation in 
the Robert. Communication received from Mr. White of Dor- 
chester upon the superiority of Camock's flax to the ordinary 


1636. VOL ' IX - 

flax. Committee appointed to ascertain every member's propor- 
tion of the Company's debt. Some of the adventurers declare the 
sums they will underwrite for, in the new stock. It is proposed 
that the government of the island be put into the hands of a 
religious and able person ; Mr. Hunt recommended for that service ; 
and that the whole 10,00(). be subscribed, to enable the Com- 
pany to transport 500 men. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 

Feb. 13. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Lord Brooke undertakes 
Brooke House, to supply the money not underwritten for, short of 10,OOOZ. for 
sending 500 men and ammunition to Providence. After serious de- 
liberation touching the present state of the plantations, it is ordered 
that the subscription of a new joint stock be offered to every ad- 
venturer, who will enjoy certain privileges. Names of those who 
underwrite, and the amounts. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 

Feb. 15. Minutes as above. Concerning the hire of two ships, and pay- 
Brooke House, ments to the new stock. Request of Mr. Woodcock to set down 
men at Henrietta upon his own account, allowed, upon certain con- 
ditions. Two exemplifications of the patent for Providence planta- 
tion to be procured, one for the Governor there, the other to be kept 
on board ship. Petitions to the King ordered to be drawn up for 
procuring a discharge from customs and preventing others from 
meddling with reprisals within the bounds of the Company's patent. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 249-50.] 

[Feb.] 4. Sir John Harvey's reasons for desiring to have one of the King's 

ships to transport him to Virginia. The Governors have always 
bad 500 allowed for their transport, but he will free His Majesty of 
that charge ; it will be an honour to the King's Governor and will 
also much " animate the boldness of the offenders " in the colony 
when they see His Majesty " takes the business so to heart ; " a 
merchant ship could not return for a twelvemonth, and the Whelps 
are too small. 

Feb. 15. 5. Sir John Harvey to Ed. Nicholas, Clerk of the Council. To 
move the Admiralty to lend him the Mary Rose for six months, 
furnished with munition, but with 50 or 60 marines only, and fit for 
sea, to transport him to Virginia. Will pay the charge of victuals 
and wages. Desires that Capt. Woodstock may go master. 

Feb. 18. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. Mr. Woodcock is di- 
Brooke House, rected to rate proposals for ammunition for the island. [Colonial 
Entry Bk,, Vol. III., p. 251.] 

Feb. 1 9. Minutes as above. The manner of dividing prizes that may be 
Brooke House, taken, considered. One half of the charges for transportation of 
Fras. Grissell and wife remitted. Conditions proposed to "an able 
man" who had thoughts of going to Tortuga and taking with 
him 100 men. Mr. Treasurer requests that 10 men may be sent to 
the main to cut Camock's flax, near Monkey Bay; 10 or 12 tons 


1636. VOL ' IX ' 

by that means might be planted at Henrietta, and " dettee " procured 
for Providence. Debate on a proposal of the Treasurer for dividing 
into proportions of 50 and 30 acres, 3,000 acres of good ground in 
the island, to be assigned to planters. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 251-52.] 

Feb. 20. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Mr. Partridge, a 
Brooke House, minister, treated with, about settling in Providence. The Company 
is acquainted with " the noble intention " of the Earl of Warwick to 
undertake a voyage to the West Indies and especially to Providence 
Island ; a large and ample commission constituting him Principal 
Governor there, and Capt. Gen. both by sea and land of all the 
Company's forces, ordered to be drawn out. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., p. 253.] 

Feb. 22. Minutes as above. Mr. Hunt, recommended for the government, 

Brooke House. w iH b e ready by the next ship, if his conditions are agreed to. 

Resolved that all monies from the new undertakers be received by 

Lord Brooke, who, after every voyage, will make up the accounts. 

[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 253-54.] 

Feb. 25. Minutes as above. Financial business. Answer to the proposi- 

Brooke House, tions of Mr. Delahay, who had offered his services at Association. 

Examination of complaints against Capt. Riskinner, for miscarriages 

in his government, ordered. Resolution concerning Mr. Leicester, 

master of the Blessing. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 254-55.] 

Feb. 26. Minutes as above. Inquiry into complaints against Capt. Ris- 
Brooke House, kinner, for taking goods from Mr. Lane by force; striking, offering 
to pistol, and threatening to hang him ; but, because accounts 
varied, further examination is deferred. Goods belonging to WiL 
Spratley, deceased, to be given up. Payments to Mr. Halhead. 
Answers to letters from Providence considered. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., pp. 255-56.] 

Feb. 27. Minutes as above. The proposals of Mr. Delahay for employment 
at Association approved ; another voyage intended about May next. 
Answers to letters from Providence further considered. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 256.] 

Feb. 29. Minutes as above. Capt. John Elfrith appointed master of the 
Brooke House. Little Anne, on undertaking to pay all charges, and have one-half 
of the proceeds of prizes. Some of the late planters reply to 
queries by Mr. Knight, who was much commended for his qualifi- 
cations in the Company's service, concerning the healthfulness, 
fruitfulness, &c., of the island, " whereby he received much content- 
ment. 5 ' Financial business. Inquiry ordered as to the sufficiency 
of Rowland Buckley, gunner, who proffers his services. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 256-57.] 

March 1. Minute as above. Directions concerning letters received from 
Brooke House. Providence. {Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 257.] 


1636. VoL ' IX ' 

March 1. Agreement between the Company [for Providence Island] and 
Capt. Robt. Hunt. Capt. Hunt to go by the next ship, and be 
Governor of Providence Island during the Company's pleasure. 
Should another Governor be hereafter appointed, to have the 
command of one of the best forts in the island. Expenses of trans- 
portation of himself and family to be paid by the Company. The 
labour of twenty servants as a salary. In case of death, the 
Company promise to take care of his wife, " doing what shall become 
them in honor and conscience." Liberty to choose any part of the 
island, not already planted, for a government house, for the speedy 
erection of which, a levy of persons will be made. Credit for 
clothes and provisions, until well settled. One hundred acres of 
land for his own benefit. Fifty acres for his future residence, and 
fourteen servants, in case the government is altered. Encourage- 
ment to persons to go over at their own charge. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. IV., p. 90.] 

March 2. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island, concerning many foul 
Brooke House, aspersions laid upon divers persons in Providence by the records 
lately sent over. Resolution respecting two ships for better defence 
of the island, and advancement of other designs. Objections against 
Capt. Bell considered ; reasons why it is not thought fit to remove 
him as a delinquent ; the strength of his party in Capts. Elfrith and 
Rous ; resolved, therefore, to divide them and employ them in the 
two ships intended for prizes. Capt. Bell to be used by the Governor 
[Capt. Hunt] with courtesy and respect. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
III., pp. 257-58.] 

March 3. Minutes as above. Financial business. Resolutions respecting 
Brooke House, abatements to be procured in the customs upon tobacco, " they [the 
Custom authorities] being so far authorized by the book of rates, 
without addressing themselves therein to His Majty." Com- 
mittee recommended to agree with Mr. Delahay, through a proba- 
bility of 200 or 300 men going to Tortuga at their own charge. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 258-59.] 

March 8. Minutes as above. Petition of Randall Ince for allowance for 
Brooke House, services at the main referred to the Treasurer. Mr. Jackson, a 
minister, recommended to the Company's service, desired to preach 
before the Company next Sabbath. News of the death of Capt. 
Riskinner. Concerning a ship to take over Mr. Delahay, and those 
who will go with him, to Association. Math. Downes goes with 
Mr. Hunt this voyage. Proposal for Mr. Knight to be Lieut, of 
Fort Henry, and to command in Capt. Rous' absence. In case Capt. 
Hunt should not go before May, Capt. Delahay, a godly man, might 
undertake the government until his arrival ; and Mr. Tanner act as 
Delahay 's lieut., so that the advantage may not be lost of sending 
200 or 300 men at their own charge. [Colonial Entry Bk., VoL 
III., pp. 259-60.] 

March 9. Minutes as above. Math. Downes admitted of the Council of 
Brooke House. Providence. Reasons to postpone sending Capt. Hunt over until 





next term ; he is for the present dismissed, upon undertaking to 
do all in his power to get ministers and men of worth to transport 
themselves with him at their own charge. Capt. Delahay, if willing, 
shall go by " these ships" to Providence, for settling the government 
there, until Capt. Hunt arrives. Committee appointed for dispatch 
of business. Nich. Marston desires satisfaction for disbursements for 
tobacco for the Company's service ; he states there is little hope of 
benefit by prizes, and that their designs are likely to suffer for want 
of a skilful rilot ; a vessel of ] 4 tons, with eight oars on a side, may 
be very useful. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 261-62.] 

March 9. Agreement between the Company for Providence Island and 
Mat. Downes. To be of the Council in the island, have eight 
servants transported at the Company's charge, and a proportion of 
land. Profits to be divided. The servants to be furnished with 
four months' provisions, and clothes, but the charges reimbursed. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 97.] 

March 9. Agreement between the Company for Providence Island and 
Lieut. Jo. Adcock, to serve as Lieut, of Fort Henry. Have six 
servants and passage money allowed. Profits to be entirely his 
own, and to have a proportion of land and a loan of 101. [Ibid.] 

March 9. Agreements between the Company for Providence Island, and 
Edw. Hudson, gunner, Serj. Edw. Staunton, Jo. Riche, and Fr. Loft- 
house, for training and exercising the inhabitants [in the use of 
arms, &c.]. Passage and profits on the same terms as the preceding, 
but fewer servants allowed, according to the rank of the settler. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 97.] 

March 11. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island concerning Capt. 
Brooke House. Delahay undertaking the government. Serjeant Barnes, recom- 
mended by the Earl of Warwick, to be Lieut, of Fort Henry, and 
to have the command during Capt. Rous' absence. Proposal to 
Serj. Adcock to be Lieut, of the Fort at Black Rock. Edw. 
Hudson, a gunner, and three soldiers, undertake the voyage upon 
terms of four men and land proportionable. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., p. 262.] 

March 14. Minutes as above. Nath. Marston to be paid 101. Serj. Adcock 
Brooke House, to be Lieut, of Fort Henry, Serj. Barnes having declined the 
Company's offer. Hudson, the gunner, and three soldiers enter- 
tained in the Company's service. Account of Ant. Roberts; 
prays for a reward for his services. Mr. Jackson having, in his 
sermon, given proofs of his abilities, is offered the same conditions 
as Mr. Sherhard. Payment to Ant. Roberts for 1^ tons of wood. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 262-63.] 

March 18. Minutes as above. Payment ordered for ordnance for the 
Brooke House. Blessing. Capt. And. Carter to be Governor of the Island of Henrietta, 
and capt. of the passengers that go in the Hope well. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 263.] 



March 19. 



The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Wil. Rous. Refer 
him to their general instructions to the Governor and Council, for 
answer to his letter. Commend his carriage at the Spaniards' late 
attempt, which has encouraged them to employ him as requested. 
Appoint him captain of the Blessing for taking prizes. If well 
managed the defects of the island may be supplied, which alone " will 
not yield profit answerable to our disbursements." Send commission 
and instructions ; is requested to return to England when he has 
performed them, for conference about the state of the Company's 
affairs. {Colonial Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 93.] Inclose, 

i. Commission to Capt. Rous for command of the Blessing. 1636, 
March 19. [Ibid.] 

II. Instructions for Capt. Rous. His ship's course ; talcing 
and disposal of Spanish prizes ; manning two shallops 
with 20 men apiece from Providence. Captured negroes 
to be conveyed to the Somers Islands, those who can dive 
for pearls to be so employed at Providence. To confer 
with John Leicester, and Wil. Billinge, the master of the 
Expectation. To freight his ship with tobacco, cotton, &c., 
if a competent freight of prizes is not obtained. No 
person to be brought home without having first discharged 
his debt to the Company's stores. To make strict inquiry 
where indigo, cochineal, sarsaparilla, ginger, rice, any 
fruits, drugs, or other useful commodities may be had, fit 
to grow in Providence. Liberty to join any English or 
Dutch ship, ton for ton and man for man. If any good 
Spanish pilots are taken, well acquainted with Nicaragua, 
Honduras, Terra Fir ma, or other parts of the main, use 
may be made of them. 1636, March 22. [Ibid., p. 94.] 

March 1 9. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Financial business. 

Brooke House. Sir Ben. Rudyerd adventures 250Z., and desires an entry maybe made 

of his protestation not to adventure more. Money necessary for 

dispatch of the ships ; order thereon. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 

p. 264..] 

[March 19.] 6. Petition of Richard Nicholas and Joshua Foote, ironmongers, 
to the Privy Council. In 1 629 they furnished Sir John Harvey with 
iron wares for Virginia, to the value of above 45 , and he gave bond 
to pay them in Jan. 1630, but has altogether denied to satisfy them. 
Pray that they may be paid before his return to the colony, out of 
the monies due to him by the King. Underwritten is an order 
requiring Sir John Harvey to give satisfaction to the petitioners, or 
to attend the Privy Council to show cause to the contrary. White- 
hall, 1636, March 19. 

March 22, Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to John 
Leicester, master of the Blessing. Upon the same subjects, and very 
similar to those for Capt. Rous ; see above, 22 March, inclosure //. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 95.] 

March 22. Instructions to Cornelius Billinge, master of the Expectation. 
Almost word for word the same as the preceding. [Ibid., p. 96.] 



1636. . 

March 22. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Capt. Hunt 
willing to go by "these ships" to Providence, upon certain con- 
ditions, agreed to. John Francis to accompany him, to be appointed 
capt. of a fort and one of the Council. A " treaty " proposed with 
Sir Ed. Con way, about to send a ship into " the Indies," for matter 
of prizes, provided he will transport 50 men to Providence. Capt. 
Delahay desires to have his conditions in writing for the government 
of Association, which are annexed and agreed to. {Colonial Entry 
EL, Vol. III., pp. 264-65.] 

March 26. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell and the rest of 
London. the Council. He having long since served the time of Governor 
allotted to him by commission, and desiring to be disburdened from 
that office, Capt. Pvobt. Hunt is appointed in his stead. Desire that 
all those who have been or are of the Council will meet for the new 
Governor's reception and entertainment. Direct him and the next 
eldest Councillor to administer the oath to Capt. Hunt, whose com- 
mission and instructions will be read to them. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IF., p. 89.] 

March 26. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Sam. Axe. Have 
London. received his letter. Thank him for his services " upon notice of 
the Spaniards intending to attack the island/' and wish to requite 
them with most satisfaction to himself. Are not able to clear him 
from the slaughter of Indians, by English under his command, 
upon the main. Know that the law will not take notice of it, yet 
the Lord is the avenger of blood, and his justice will certainly re- 
quire it. " Besides, we are yet ignorant how far the guilt thereof may 
redound to the blasting of our own designs." Expect his defence 
by the next ship. If not able to take off the guilt of blood from 
his conscience, advise him to humble himself before the Lord, and 
give public testimonies of the truth of his humiliation. Hear of his 
industry in the prosecution of trade upon the main ; desire an ac- 
count by his next. Would be glad to hear of his proceedings, upon the 
letters of marque he has obtained from the Dutch. Direct him how 
to employ the ordnance left by Capt. Camock. If his answers are 
satisfactory will restore him to his place of Councillor and Capt. of 
Warwick Fort, remit all his fines, and give him other encourage- 
ments to remain in Providence. Desire him to maintain fair cor- 
respondence with Capts. Bell and Elfrith. Will reply to his demand 
for money. [Colonial Entry Bk. Vol. IV., p. 92.] 

March 26. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Exceptions con- 
Brooke House, cerning the agreement with Capt. Delahay. Wil. Stevenson and 
Owen Durning, late planters in the island [of Association], give in- 
formation that there were about 80 English there. The ordnance, 
six pieces, taken by the Spaniards. Capt. Riskinner "carried 
himself ill in his place," and died after [he had been there] three 
months. The island governed by a Council chosen from the prin- 
cipal inhabitants. The Hollanders desirous to make use of it them- 
selves. There are 150 negroes ; 27 belonging to the Company. It 
is very healthful, and produces the best salt in the world. There is 



a good gunner, and three pieces of ordnance, which were taken over 
by Capt. Riskinner. Petition presented from the island against 
the French, for taking away braziletta wood and negroes. Resolved 
that a ship be hired to carry over 100 men ; it is hoped that passen- 
gers may be found without much charge to the Company. The wife 
of Mr. Johnstone, Sec. in the island, and two servants to be sent 
over. Six servants each promised to Francis, Downes, Betton, and 
Woolseley. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 265-67.] 

March 26. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Andrew Carter, for government of the Island of Henrietta, according 
to the form of Capt. Hunt's for Providence. [Minute. Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 98 ] 

March 28. Instructions for Capt. Carter, Governor of Henrietta Island. 
Religion and justice to be maintained. To provide for the forti- 
fication of the island. To observe Mr. Woodcock's directions. 
Disposal of the men under his charge. To send over any number 
of persons required for defence of Providence, provided 20 be left in 
Henrietta. [Colonial Entry Bk., VoL IV., p. 98.] 

March 28. Commission to Capt. Robt, Hunt, appointing him Governor of 
Providence Island during the Company's pleasure. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. IV., p. 88.] 

March 28. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Robt. Hunt, Governor, Upon his arrival, the letters to be sent to 
the Governor and Council and to Capt. Bell, who will attend his 
landing. Capt. Hunt's commission and instructions to be published. 
The house of Ensign Fitch recommended as spacious and conveniently 
situated for his lodging. Account of the state of the plantations, 
ordnance, arms, ammunition, fortifications, and boats to be sent, all 
of which Capt. Hunt is desired to inspect. To acquaint himself 
with the contents of former instructions and letters. To labour to 
settle peace and unity, many differences having been already re- 
ferred to the Company's determination. Watches to be duly kept ; 
the storehouses guarded, and the ammunition carefully preserved. 
The last magazine by the Robert to be accounted for. Mr. Sherhard 
to be advised with in private, how to compose some differences about 
ecclesiastical censures. In case of Capt. Hunt's death, certain closed 
instructions to be put in execution. The inhabitants to be brought 
to a perfect knowledge of the use of arms. Respect to be shown to 
Capt. Bell, and encouragement given to industrious planters, who 
have long expected servants from the Company. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. IV., p. 89.] 

March 28. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and 
London. Council. Have received their letters by the Robert and Expectation. 
Are heartily thankful that they were delivered from the attempt 
of the Spaniards to seize the island. Have resolved upon weakening 
the enemy and strengthening the island ; will shortly send a great 
supply of men and ammunition. The State has taken special notice 
of the island as of great importance, and a strict account will be 
required of the Company's care of it. Recommend the fortifications 




to be finished, the soldiers to be properly trained, and all matters 
necessary for defence to be attended to. Colours will be sent for 
the several forts and companies. Are glad to hear of a better way 
of agreement, the late differences having occasioned the greatest 
trouble. Have deferred particular inquiry into the records, being 
very long. All fines, imprisonments, and suspensions to be remitted 
up to the day " whereon your deliverance was, thro' God's mercy, 
obtained." Mr. Sherhard's fine and imprisonment for matters 
ecclesiastical utterly misliked. Forbid a minister being disturbed 
in any way, in matters appertaining to his functions. Mr. Rishworth 
restored to his place in the Council. No man to attempt any 
prize from the Spaniard. Encouragement for the inhabitants not 
only to live plentifully, but to gain fortunes. Planting of silk grass. 
Dettee may prove of value. Trade with Dutch ships disliked, be- 
cause being only for sack, it has tended to the increase of drunken- 
ness, disorder, and poverty. A return of the last magazine expected ; 
no man to come home until his debts to the stores are paid. Goods 
belonging to Capt. Hook to be seized to the Company's use. Have 
sent two servants apiece for the two carpenters. A magazine will 
be received upon Mr. Woodcock's account. Were ignorant of the 
death or absence of Robt. Reignold and Thos. Denny. Ordnance 
and other things left at the Mosquitos by Capt. Camock, to be 
fetched away. Desire that encouragement may be given to the 
men sent by Mr. Woodcock and his partners to plant at Henrietta. 
Have agreed to ease the planters of their payments, to increase their 
benefits, and secure their estates. Have sent over Capt. Robt. 
Hunt to succeed Capt. Bell in the government. Would have 
Capt. Bell remain one of the Council ; his services will be con- 
sidered. Commend several masters of families who go over, par- 
ticularly Messrs. Downes, Francis, and Johnson. Request that 
Ensign Fitch will entertain the Governor and his family. Servants 
sent over for supply of the Company's officers; a further supply 
may shortly be expected. A levy to be made upon the inhabitants 
for building a Governor's house. Every man to plant a store of 
provisions. Capt. Wil. Rous to return to England with his servant, 
Thos. Grimsditch ; Lieut. Adcock now going over will supply his 
place. Desire that Fred. Johnson, Math. Downes, and John 
Francis be sworn of the Council ; Johnson is appointed to the 
vacant post of Secretary ; and Francis is to have the charge of 
Trippett's Fort, to be henceforth called Brooke Fort, and to train the 
inhabitants on that side of the island for martial services. Have 
taken great care to provide good ministers, but if such as is 
desired cannot be sent, they must blame themselves, " the unhappy 
discontents that have fallen out betwixt the minister and the 
Government being so public and offensive." Excuse the colony from 
paying halves for the past and present year upon certain conditions. 
The land to be divided into farms and tenements, and to pay a 
yearly rent in tobacco, cotton, or other staple commodities. Instruc- 
tions thereon. A convenient place to be chosen for the Governor's 
house, with 100 acres of land adjoining, and a suitable house for the 


1636. Yoi " IX ' 

minister, " with a proportion of land." The men of better quality 
to have 50 acres of land ; those of ordinary rank SO acres, with 
reservation to the Company to confirm the allotments. Expect the 
rent reserved to be about a fourth part of the commodities produced 
by the land. The plantations to be inspected every three months. 
Fruit trees to be planted, because it is intended hereafter to send 
over " preservers." Plentiful subsistence of the Company's tenants ; 
profitable manufactures will be settled upon the island, and other 
privileges are intended. Would have no man stay upon the island 
who has not some honest employment, nor any plantation sold, nor 
servants disposed of, who have been sent over at the Company's 
expense. Instructions concerning prizes. Ensign Rous and John 
Elfrith may be employed that way. Negroes to be disposed into 
families, and divided amongst officers and industrious planters, a 
strict watch being kept to prevent plots or any danger to the island 
being attempted. Divers to ascertain if there be any likelihoods of 
pearl fishing. Wonder there should be any complaints of a deficiency 
of clothing by the Robert ; enumerate the proportion sent for every 
servant. Arnold did not bring a letter ; danger of conveying advice 
of the weakness of the island by uncertain ways. Jo. Latimer to 
be released, if he did not voluntarily engage himself. Isaac Barton 
to be freed from the general works. Thos. Streete, servant of Jo. 
Hunt and Geo. Philips, lately with Ensign Fitch, to have the 
remainder of their times free, "yet not allowing that they or any 
other shall live idle." Complaints of Wil. Haman against his 
master, Chas. Toller, and of Sam. Bennett to be examined. En- 
couragement to Wil. Painter and Rich. James ; their wives may 
go over by the next ship. Mr. Halhead to be allowed 100 wt. of 
tobacco, as a mark of respect for his public employments. The 
purchasers of Capt. Axe's plantation to account to him for the 
price of it. Hudson, a good gunner, sent over ; hope to send more 
by the next ship. Young men to be instructed in that art. Edvv. 
Staunton, appointed serjeant, to be employed in training the men. 
Expect the inhabitants to be exercised once or twice a week, so that 
they may know the use of their arms. Mr. Symonds to execute the 
office of Sheriff, if Isaac Barton resign. One Ray, who went over a 
freeman, to be at liberty to dispose of himself. Jo. Sampson, 
Aaron Butcher, Rich. Reade, and Roger Floud, may return to 
England ; also Ensign Fitch, -provided his command be well sup- 
plied ; and Sam. Rishworth, Isaac Barton, and Eliz. Jones. Good 
store of provisions to be planted. 500 or 600 men may be expected 
within a few months. All former letters and instructions to be 
delivered to Capt. Hunt. Commend the defence of the island to 
their particular care. [Colonial Entry Bk. } Vol. IV., pp. 81-88.] 

March 28. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Phil. Bell, Go- 
London, vernor there. Assurances of respect for his good services. Will 
be much gladder to find him deserving thanks and reward than any 
way blameworthy. Request he will go on cheerfully as belongs to 
his place of Councillor. Have sent a Governor to succeed him, who 
will merit his good opinion and affection. Desire he will be assis- 




March 28. 


March 28. 


tunt to him publicly and privately. Hope that he will not l>c 
" transported with any jealousy." The consideration of his salary 
deferred. He may freely enjoy his plantation and servants, to 
which number they have now added four more. Will " indiffe- 
rently" consider the differences that stand upon record. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 91.] 

The Company of Providence Island to Mr. Sherhard, the 
minister. Have received his letter, and are very sensible of his 
sufferings. Have signified their utter dislike of the proceedings 
against him, and taken care to prevent the like in future. In 
matter of excommunication, he is advised to consult with Capt. 
Hunt, the new Governor, " a discreet and godly man ;" and for 
suspension, the Company would not have it in any case used, without 
giving the party a distinct knowledge of the cause, and a convenient 
time to give Sherhard satisfaction. Desire he will go on in his 
function " according to the rule of the Word." As to the excom- 
munications already past, earnestly entreat him to use all the 
Christian moderation that may stand with a safe conscience. Hope 
to send some faithful fellow labourers by these or the next ships for 
his encouragement. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 91.] 

The Company of Providence Island to the Council there. 
Private instructions to be kept secret, and not opened but in case of 
Capt. Hunt's death, or the government being vacant. Delivered 
to the custody of John Hudson. If Capt. Hunt should die before 
the next supply arrives, the affairs of the island are to be managed 
by the major part of the Council In case of the approach of an 
enemy, Capt. Wil. Rous to be General and Chief Commander for the 
time being ; but if he be absent, then the Council in such time of 
public danger, to make choice of another. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., p. 96.] 

The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Daniel Elfrith, 
Admiral there. Have received his letters, and commend his in- 
dustry in erecting and looking to the fortifications of the island. 
Desire he will continue that service. Have not particularly 
examined his difference with Mr. Sherhard, but hope the latter will 
do what is fit for making peace. Have acted upon his advice 
concerning the abatement of halves. Four more servants con- 
signed to him ; if any defect in the last, not out of any disrespect 
to him. Are willing to employ his son in a ship for [the taking of] 
prizes. Explain why the Little Anne cannot be granted for that 
service. Cannot conclude upon his demand for a certain salary. 
Will shortly think of some good employment for him. Have " pro- 
cured liberty to right themselves of the Spaniard." Send a good 
supply of men and ammunition for the island's defence. The King 
and State look upon Providence as a very considerable place. 
Are more likely to use bis skill and experience than any other 
man's in the island. Do not find whether he has made any use of 
his cotton engine, so have only sent one made up. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol IV., p. 92.] 



1636. VOL. IX. 

March 28. Instructions for Mr. Avery, Master of the Hopewell. To ob- 
serve Wil. Woodcock's directions ; seize any Spanish vessel to the 
southward of the Canaries, and take in freight at Association. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 98.] 

March 28. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Alterations in 
Brooke House, the oath of Governor to be administered to Capt. Hunt, as requested 
by him, refused ; but, by a letter to the Council, the Company suspend 
his taking the oath until further order. Money advanced to Ed. 
Hudson for his encouragement ; to Mr. Johnson for tools and building 
utensils ; and to Randall Ince for entertaining seven men in the Com- 
pany's service. The Company's letters, commissions and instructions 
are read, signed, and sealed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 267.] 

March 28. Minutes as above. Two commissions, appointing Capt. Robert 
Hunt governor of the passengers to be transported to Providence 
in the Blessing, and Lieut. Jo. Adcock governor of those in the 
Expectation, are sealed according to the form for the Robert. See 
ante, p. 189, 16 Aug. 1634. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 97.] 

. March 28. 7. Governor John West to the Lords Commissioners for Plantations. 

Point Comfort Explains the reason of his having been unanimously chosen Gover- 
irgimaj. nor (( ^ e f ore gj r j onn Harvey was out of the Capes." If the King 
confirm the act of the country, will to his utmost, express himself a 
faithful and zealous servant ; or with as devoted a submission be 
ready to give up his charge. During this year the colony has received 
an increase of 1,606 persons. Complains of the merchants' crime, 
who so pester their ships with passengers that they bring infection 
among them, " the most pestered ships carry with them almost a 
general mortality." The Government have taken the nearest course 
for avoiding further unnatural broils between those of Maryland and 
of the Isle of Kent. Endorsed by Windebank, " Rec. 1 9 June, 
at Hampton Court." 

[March.] 8. Memorial of Sir John Harvey ; requesting, as he is to be at 
the charge of victuals and mariners' wages, that it may be inserted 
in the warrant for the ship lent to him by the King for his trans- 
portation to Virginia, that he may have the benefit of the freight out 
and home. 

March 29. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island "for the 
disposing of the ships and passengers in the Blessing and Expectation, 
in case the island should be taken at their arrival there. Commended 
to the custody of Mr. Billinge." Inquiry to be made at the island 
of Henrietta and the Mosquitos, whether any of the inhabitants 'are 
there. Those willing, to be transported to Cape Gratia de Dios, 
where Capt. Robt. Hunt is to be Governor, or if he be dead or 
absent Mr. Johnson. The ships are then to pursue their voyage. 
Directions for those who remain on shore, as to their place of settle- 
ment, fortifying themselves, planting provisions, and providing Ca- 
mock's flax wherewith to freight the ships on their return. If the 




April 2. 

April 5. 

April 7. 

Providence, the 
[Colonial Entry 


enemy have subsequently wholly relinquished 
passengers and late inhabitants to be taken there. 
Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 96, 97.] 

Commission to Sir John Harvey to be Governor of Virginia ; with 
powers and authorities therein mentioned. [Minute. Col. Corresp., 
1607, Jan. 9.] 

Warrant by the Company of Providence Island. The oath to be 
respited to Gov. Hunt and those Councillors sent over in the 
Blessing. An alteration may be made more agreeable to that form 
of oath usually appointed to be taken in England by the judges, 
magistrates, and other officers. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol IV., p, 90.] 

The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 
Wil. Woodcock has deferred his plantation upon Henrietta, and 
consented that those who were designed to begin a plantation there, 
should be left at Providence, until a further number can be sent over. 
The defence of the island will be thereby strengthened, " the 
principal thing considerable in their designs." Directions for the 
location and government of the persons now transported. Request 
a certificate to be returned of the ordnance now sent over, that 
the Company may be enabled to satisfy the King's officers in 
England. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 99.] 

April ] 0. Commission to Archbishop Laud and others, for government of all 
persons, within the colonies and plantations beyond the seas, 
acccording to the laws and constitutions there, and to constitute 
Courts as well Ecclesiastical as Civil, for determining causes. See 
ante, p. 177, No. 12. [Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

April 11. 9. Richard Kemp, Sec. of Virginia, to Sec. Windebank. During 
Point Comfort the year 21 ships have arrived in James River, all of which are 
[Virginia]. re turning freighted with tobacco, for London. By the computation 
of men of credit, the King's customs on the tobacco in the John 
and Barbary, of Ipswich, a ship of great burden, would amount to 
3,334^. ; is well assured there were others able to stow more. 
Proposes that the King should have a custom house there with 
good allowance to a customer ; "what a revenue might issue to the 
King from this colony ; " trade would be quickened, and ship build- 
ing there encouraged. An old order should be revived, that all com- 
modities of the country be brought to three stores ; the customs be 
discharged in the colony, and the merchant free to export to any 
port. Enlarges upon the very great benefits for the planter in this 
respect, and the advantage to trade and the colony. 

[April 21.] 10. Petition of Edward Cason and other merchants of London, 
adventurers for increase of trade in the West Indies, to the Com- 
missioners of the Admiralty. Have designs for a full discovery of 
that part of the continent between Virginia and Canada, to fish 
amongst the French, " to make Corr fish upon the grand bank not 
yet fished by any English," and obtain from the eastward of New 
England sea horse teeth, a merchant's commodity not yet looked after. 



Have supplied a good ship with 16 pieces of ordnance, and entrusted 
the command to Richard French. Pray for a commission to take 
pirates and sea rovers who haunt those fishings, and for letters of 
favour to the Governors of the West Indian plantations, to further 
their discoveries or fishings in those parts. On the margin Nicholas 
has written " a commission to take pirates to be granted to Capt. 

May 5. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Money due on bonds. 
Schedule of the Company's debts to be prepared. Accounts to be 
audited. The state of Association considered, and the danger of 
the Dutch or French seizing the island, if the Company relinquish 
it. Concerning Capt. Newman's proposition for taking prizes, and 
Mr. Key's request to consider his brother's late service. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 267-69.] 

May 7. Minutes as above. Propositions debated concerning supplies for 
Brooke House. Association ; whether the Company will undertake them or an offer 
be made to others to do so. Accounts ordered that every man's debt 
may be known. [Colonial Entry Bk.,Vol. III., pp. 269-70.J 

May 14. Minutes as above. The Treasurer proposes that 5,OOOZ. be im- 

Brooke House, mediately raised for furnishing the Company's plantations with 
supplies. Inducements to contribute. He also suggests that some of 
the Company should go in person, and urges a speedy resolution, as 
without present relief, Providence will not be secure, and Tortuga 
will be certainly lost. Various sums promised for settling Asso- 
ciation ; Capt. Rudyerd named as very fit to govern the island. 
Order upon petition of the wife of Grimes, the late gunner of 
Association, praying for her husband's release from slavery at St. 
Domingo. Lord Brooke replies to Sir Thomas Barrington's remarks 
touching the new stock of 10,000?. Proposed that a minister and 
50 men be sent to Providence with Capt. Newman, that the honest 
men be encouraged to stay until a fuller supply can be sent ; and 
that money be raised for the supply of Association. Mr. Wood- 
cock is ordered to bespeak apparel and iron ware. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., pp. 270-72.] 

May 16. Minutes as above. Debate upon Capt. Newman's propositions to 
Brooke House. d o the Company service in a man of war, in some parts of the West 
Indies, by taking prizes. Sir Nath. Rich offers to subscribe 1 001. 
in that adventure. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 272-73.] 

[May 17.] 11. Petition of Sir John Harvey to the King. The Black George, 
the prize ship lent to him for his transportation to Virginia, is 
charged with 80 mariners. Prays that she may be delivered to him 
for that voyage, with powder and munition, and 50 mariners only, 
" who are sufficient to sail her/' Underwritten is a reference by Sec. 
Windebank, that the King is pleased to grant the petitioner's 
request, and the officers of the navy are to certify whether 50 
mariners will be sufficient for the ship. Whitehall, 1 636, May ] 7. 
On the same sheet is added, 



11. i. Certificate of Ken. Edisbury and Den. Fleming, officers of 
the Navy, that 50 mariners will be sufficient for the sailing 
of the Black George to Virginia, because many passengers 
will go in her besides. 1636, May 23. 

May 17- Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Statement of the 
Brooke House. C0 st of victualling, &c., a ship, by Capt. Newman, approved ; he is 
desired to inquire for a vessel. Request on behalf of Math. 
Thompson concerning money paid for goods taken out of the 
Company's stores. Inducements to members of the Company to 
undertake the supply of Association. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 273-74.] 

May 18. Minutes as above. The charge of Capt. Newman's voyage is 
Brooke House, computed, and the means of raising money to supply it. Several 
agree to contribute, and Mr. Woodcock has direction to prepare for 
the voyage. Directions for heads of a letter to Providence, for 
alteration of the oath of the Governor and Councillors, excusing 
not having sent the intended supply, by reason of the plague ; no 
man to be permitted to leave the island until next spring ; no design 
to be undertaken by sea that may weaken the island ; reason for 
examination of complaints on record being respited. Capt. S. Rip- 
pain having been desired to. undertake the government of Provi- 
dence, and writing that his 'engagements to the States will not 
permit, to speak with him < -further on that subject. Debate con- 
cerning the petition to the King for abatement of customs upon the 
Company's tobacco. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 274-75.] 

May 19. Minutes as above. Resolution concerning Capt. Newman's voyage 
is again confirmed. Directions for providing a ship of 300 tons and 
a pinnace, to carry 40 or 50 passengers to Providence. His instruc- 
tions to be the same as those to other masters, with power to 
examine all ships found trading or acting in hostile manner, within 
the limits of the Company's patent, and to seize their goods. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 275.] 

[May 20.] 12. Petition of Francis Pott, late Capt. of His Majesty's Fort in 
Virginia, close prisoner in the Fleet, to the Privy Council. Has been 
a close prisoner since 14 July last, upon Sir John Harvey's com- 
plaint, and is truly sorrowful for any offence committed on his part. 
Prays for liberty, whereby he may be preserved from infection " in 
this dangerous thne of contagion." With reference to Sec. Winde- 
bank to acquaint the King with this petition, when further order 
will be given. Star Chamber, 1636, May 20. 

May 21. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Resolved, that a ship 
Brooke House. o f 300 tons, " inquired out" by Capt. Newman, be hired at 80Z. per 
annum for the Company's service in their plantations, and that a 
minister and a few servants to supply the Governor of Providence, 
be only sent in her. Lord Mandeville admitted to half of Sir 
Nath. Rich's share of adventure. Petition of Ant. Roberts for 
reward for three years services as clerk of the Company's stores 


1636. VOL. IX. 

answered at length, in the negative. Conference desired with 
Capt. John Hilton, who offers his services. Propositions presented 
by Wil. Stevenson and Owen Duren, on behalf of the planters 
at Association, read and answered at length, "in which there 
appeared much unreasonableness/' They assure the Company that 
they can supply Association with 200 beasts in a month from 
Hispaniola, and will deliver calves there at 20s. a piece. [Colonial 
Entry Sk., Vol. III., pp. 276-77.] 

May 23. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Mr. Buckley offers 
Hrooke House, upon certain conditions, to procure a good number of servants from 
Wales. The ordering of Sir Ed. Seymour's pinnace to be left 
to the discretion of the Treasurer. John Pym informs the Com- 
pany that at his request, the Earl of Holland before signing, read 
"every whit himself" of the commissions for prizes, sent by the 
Blessing and Expectation. Accounts for Cap. Newman's voyage. 
Resolution concerning the Company undertaking the planting of 
Association ; certain members subscribe towards it. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., pp. 278-79.] 

May 26. Minutes as above. The Earl of Holland elected Governor of 
the Company, and Henry Darley chosen Deputy, in the room of Sir 
Nath. Rich. After debate whether it be necessary to have a 
Treasurer, and John Pym, who reminds the Company of his great 
charges and a previous entry in his favour, is desired not to relinquish 
that office, resolved that the choice of a new Treasurer be respited. 
"Will. Woodcock chosen Husband, and Wil. Jessop Secretary to the 
Company. Sir Wil. Waller admitted to a quarter part of John 
Pym's entire share of adventure. Capt. Newman promises shortly 
to give an answer concerning " a very fit ship," not having agreed 
about the vessel he was formerly in treaty for [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. I I I., pp. 279-81.] 

May 30. Minutes as above. The state of adventure with Captain Newman 
again considered, accounts laid before the Company ; and several 
orders made. One sixth part of the prizes taken by the Hopewell, 
to be allowed the Company. Mr. Pym proposes to settle the late 
order concerning the undertakers, and their receipt of profits of all 
the islands for nine years. Resolution touching the Company's 
debts. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 281-82.] 

May 30. Minutes as above. Mr. Moreton, the minister, states that Mr. Sher- 

Brooke House, hard had been at great charges through his imprisonment, and that 

he is left destitute of all means for convenient supply ; no judgment 

can be given until the cause has been examined. Financial business. 

[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 282-83.] 

June 1. Minutes as above. Order concerning payment of the Company's 

Mr. Pym's debts. Capt. Newman to have 300L for the purchase of a pinnace 

ouse. - n jj o }i anc i Resolutions passed for raising money for sending a 

supply to Association ; for discharge of the late voyage ; and for 

answering the several adventures with Capt. Newman ; particulars 



annexed. The James offered for the voyage to Association ; agreed 
that 100 men shall be transported thence in her, 25 for the 
Governor and other officers, particularly Lieut. Tanner and Mr. 
Loungerford, the intended Sec. of the island, and 300i. disbursed in 
ammunition for the island. The division of prizes that the James 
may bring home is also settled. Finance. [Colonial Entry Bk. t 
Vol. 1 1 1., pp. 283 84.] 

[June 2.] 13. Petition of Anthony Hooper, Daniel Farvacks, Isaac Legaye, 
and others, merchants of London, to the Commissioners of the 
Admiralty. Have freighted the Mary and John of London, to go to 
Newfoundland, there to take in fish to the value of 2,000. ; but are 
not able to proceed in the voyage by reason of the press. Pray that 
they may be freed from the King's press, or it will be their utter 
ruin. Annexed, 

13. I. List of names of the men belonging to the Mary and 

John of London, Robt. Swyer, master. Endorsed by 
Nicholas, "Rec. 1636, June 2." 

1636 ? 14. Petition of Thos. Williams, master of the Martha and Francis 

of London, to the Admiralty. Has agreed with divers merchants to 
go to Newfoundland for fish, and engaged to carry 35 persons 
thither ; but some have been prest, which tends to his utter undoing. 
Prays that the 27 men, whose names are annexed, with three more, 
may be permitted to go the voyage. Annexed, 

14. i. List of names of the 27 men above mentioned. 

June 3. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The planters of 
Brooke House. Tortuga are informed of the resolution to send thither 100 men, 
which they suppose sufficient with those already there, to secure the 
island, if still in possession of the English ; they are also acquainted 
that Capt Rudyerd will be their Governor, at which they were very 
well pleased. Consideration of the state of the Company's debts ; 
also of the increase of stock to the undertakers of the Robert. By 
reason of the great charges and pains of John Pym, some way to be 
resolved upon to recompense him. [Colonial Entry 3k., Vol. III., 
pp. 284-85.] 

June 4. Minutes as above. Commissions and instructions to Capt. Newman 
Brooke House, are read, confirmed, and ordered to be engrossed ; as also the charter 
part for Mr. Cradock's ship, to be called the Happy Return. Capt. 
W. Rudyerd is elected Governor of Association ; his instructions for 
the execution of his government and command of the James are 
read. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 285-86.] 

June 11. Minutes as above. Serj.-Maj. Hunks, a gentleman of quality 
and experienced in the wars, is recommended by Lord Brooke to be 
Lieut. -Gov. of Association, during Capt. Rudyerd's absence from 
the island. Directions to prepare his commission. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., p. 286.] 


1636. VoL - IX ' 

June 12. Instructions to Capt. William Smythe, captain of the prize ship 
Hampton Court, the Black George, appointed to transport Sir John Harvey, his 
company, servants, and followers to Virginia. When the ship is 
ready he is to receive at Portsmouth, Sir John Harvey and his 
company, and take them with all things provided, to that plantation, 
it being the King's intention that Harvey should have the benefit 
of freight out and home, in recompence of his charges. [DOMESTIC 
Corresp. Car. I., VoL CLVIL, pp. 147-48.] 

June 14. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Mr. Amirant having 
given good satisfaction of his ability for the ministry, by preaching 
before some of the Company, is entertained a minister in Providence. 
He is made acquainted with the conditions to encourage others to go 
there, viz. : land enough for them and their families, by paying one- 
fourth of the clear profits upon merchantable commodities raised. 
Sir Will. Waller admitted to join John Pym's adventure in the voyage 
of Capt. Rudyerd. John Wells entertained pilot and chief mate in 
the James. Bond of Ant. Roberts, clerk of the stores in Association, 
his plantation in that island restored to him on certain conditions. 
[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. TIL, pp. 286-87.] 

June 1 5. Minutes as above. Lieut. Chadwell to go to the Island of Asso- 
Brooke House, ciation with promise of good employment and servants. Mr. Tis- 
dale also agrees to go there. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 287.] 

June 16. Minutes as above. Directions to prepare certain commissions, 
Brooke House, instructions and letters. Several men, out of the hundred to be sent 
to Association, appropriated to the officers of the island. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 287.] 

June 23. The Company of Providence Island to the Gov. and Council. 
London. Hope the arrival of the Blessing and Expectation will have settled 
the island in a comfortable state of peace and defence. Have been 
necessitated to defer sending a further large supply, because of 
" a heavy judgment of pestilence laid upon this city ;" and also 
taking into consideration several complaints remaining upon 
record. Fresh supplies will be expedited ; a minister and a few 
servants now sent to make good the Company's promise to Capt. 
Hunt. No man to be permitted to leave the island that it may 
not be deprived of reasonable strength, until arrival of the 
next ships. Fortifications and planting provisions specially recom- 
mended to their care. No design by sea to be undertaken that may 
weaken the island. Directions concerning prize goods. Former 
instructions to be carried out for distributing the lands into farms. 
The cultivation of flax to be attended to, and the planting of dettee 
cherished ; are sorry to hear that the cattle have been permitted to 
eat it up. Capt. Newman, whom the Company have in very good 
esteem, is commissioned to take care of some of their designs in the 
West Indies ; he will inspect the fortifications, arid it is expected 
that he will be harkened to in all things. Send the form of an oath 
to be administered to the Governor and Council. Eight servants 




June 23. 

June 23. 

June 23. 

June 23. 


apiece to be reserved for Lieuts. Chadwell and Tanner, and 
Mr. Hungerford, if they are willing to stay in the island. Would 
have them admitted to any vacant places suitable to their qualities, 
being able soldiers, and all of good birth and rank. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 100, 101.] 

The Company of Providence Island to Jo. Leicester and Corn. 
Billinge, masters of the Blessing and the Expectation. Have 
employed Capt. Newman, captain of the Happy Return, " for some 
sea services in the West Indies." Request that they may be 
mutually assisting one another. Danger of passing home by the 
old channel. [Colonial Entry Bk. } Vol. IV., p. 102.] 

Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Thos. Newman ; for command of the Happy Return, and a pinnace, 
the Providence, which is to accompany the ship, to be employed in 
the defence and security of Providence, Association, and other 
adjacent islands, granted by patent to the Company. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. IV., p. 102.] 

Instructions for Capt. Newman. To carry such passengers as 
he shall be advised, and sail direct for the West Indies. To disable 
the Spaniard by every means in his power, and by seizing their 
vessels and goods to the southwards of the [Bahamas] islands. 
Employment of Spanish pilots ; also negroes taken by him, and the 
disposal of prizes. To deliver at Providence and Association the 
passengers and letters ; inspect the defences of those islands, and 
give his best advice for their fortifications. Freight of his ship 
home ; inquiries after useful commodities ; and in case of meeting 
with any Dutch or English vessel willing to join with him. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. IV., pp. 103-4.] 

15. Attested copy of the preceding, translated into English from 
a Dutch translation, made 8 Jan. 1640. 

June 23. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. John Pym declares 
lirooke House, that Sir B. Rudyerd bears 100Z ., part of his adventure in Association. 
Letters, commissions, and instructions, and the charter part for the 
Happy Return, are signed and sealed. Resolution upon a demand 
by an officer of the West India Company in Holland, for lOOi. for 
ten negroes. Agreement for the James. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., p. 288.] 

June 24. 

June 26. 


1 6. The Privy Council to the Governor and Council of Virginia. 
Send petition of John Woodall, who deserves encouragement for his 
chargeable and constant adventures in that plantation. Direct 
them to cause speedy justice to be done against those of the peti- 
tioner's servants who do not give him a just account of his goods 
and cattle, and to put his new agent, John Convers, in possession of 
the petitioner's estate. 

17. Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Sets forth the injury 
to trade in Virginia, caused by the little or no money in the colony, 




June 27. 


and the want of means to pay for labour until the crops of tobacco 
are ready. Is therefore a suitor to the King that some farthing 
tokens may be sent over and made current there. 

18. Jerome Hawley to Sec. Windebank. Sends a memorial con- 
cerning tobacco, which Lord Goring conceives fit for the King's 
consideration, and will tend very much to the advancement of His 
Majesty's service. Will wait upon him at Court on Sunday next. 

18. i. Directions which may fitly be given to all Governors in 
any foreign parts where tobacco is planted. 

June 28. Minutes of several bonds undertaken by members of the Company 
Brooke House, of Providence Island, for supplies for Association, Capt. Newman's 
voyage, and debts incurred by the Company. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. I 1 1., pp. 288-89.] 

July 28. 

Aug. 4. 


Aug. 5. 


Aug. 9. 


19. A "Passage in a letter [from Henry Vane, jun. ?] to Mr. 
Comptroller [Sir Henry Vane] about the ~ estate of New Eng- 
land." The present face of things very tumultuous. The French 
continually encroach and arm the natives for civil war, who kill 
and steal when they can. A report that the patent is damned, 
which has caused great discouragement to the plantation. Danger 
of it being reduced from a flourishing to a desolate state. Endorsed 
by Laud as above, and [as received f\ 3 Oct. 1636. 

20. The King to the Governor and Council of Virginia To 
endeavour to plant some staple commodities and moderate, as has 
been done in the Caribbee Islands, the excessive quantities of tobacco 
in Virginia, " the most ancient plantation of our English nation." 
To take effectual order that all tobacco be brought to the Port of 
London, and no alien permitted to export any ; and to cause some 
fit place and an officer to be appointed with a competent fee and 
allowance to keep a register of the customs and certify the same 
yearly to the Lord Treasurer. [Draft.'] In a mem. on the endorse- 
ment Mr. Read is desired by Lord Goring to dispatch this business 
to Portsmouth, where Jerome Hawley expects it on board the Black 

Kenelm Edisbury to Nicholas. It is reported that the French 
and Turks have surprised and taken all the English in New England. 
Hopes the officers of the Navy cannot be justly blamed ; is sure the 
ships want nothing proper for them to care for. [Extract from 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

Lord Wimbledon to Sec. Windebank. Returns his letter to Sir 
John Harvey, who is not there. Is sorry to see so many persons 
attending a journey of such charge and spending their victuals and 
money so unnecessarily, for they have been there a month. Does 
not wonder " that such journeys of our nation prosper no better." 
[Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I.] 


1636. VoL ' IX - 

Aug. 17. Lord "Wimbledon to Sec. Windebank. Has received his of the 

God's house in ] Gth and will give Sir John Harvey his letter ; he is so far from 

1 ortsmout . keing g One t,hat his people cannot hear of him. Could wish Harvey 

were departed, so many come daily from London to go with him 

that they fear an ill may be brought which as yet they are clear of. 

For haste of the journey they see little ; the ship is being unloaded 

of her ordnance, cables, and most weighty lading to search for a 

leak, she being a most crazy old ship. [Extract from DOMESTIC 

Corresp. Car. /.] 

Sept. 10. 21. Capt. Sir Thos. Warner, Governor of St. Christopher's, to [Sec. 
St. Christopher's. Windebank]. Having but lately arrived, is yet unsettled, and 
pestered with many controversies of the planters, which have slept 
for his coming. The Plough, one of the two ships which he provided 
for his voyage, and in which were 4,OOOZ. of his own adventure, is in 
all men's judgment lost, with about 150 persons, the better part of 
the victuals, apparel, and ammunition, intended for his new designs. 
In his own ship there was great sickness and mortality ; not 20 
out of 200 escaped, about 40 having died, some near to 
him in blood, and many of especial quality and use. Had intended 
to have " placed a colony upon Metalina," under command of 
his son-in-law, and for that purpose touched at Barbadoes (inhabited 
with about 0,000 English) to raise the necessary volunteers. Could 
have had 500 able men provided with arms and victuals, had not 
Capt. Hen. Hawley, the Governor, opposed him, whose conduct 
Warner stigmatizes as obstinate and rebellious, and contrasts it 
with that of the Governors of "the other islands," where he found a 
willing reception and due respect. Could have effected his object 
by force, but forbore to do so, as it might have cost some blood. 
Leaves the justice of his complaint and Gov. Hawley's defence to 
" our Judges." 

Sept. 15. 22. Governor Sir Thos. Warner to the King. His Majesty's letters, 
St. Christopher's. which } ie obtained after the death of the Earl of Carlisle, have been 
received and obeyed by all the Governors and officers of the 
" islands of this province," except Capt. Hen. Hawley, Gov. of 
Barbadoes, who refused to admit his commission in that island. 
Durst but briefly inform the King, having written more at large to 
Sec. Windebank and the Earl of Carlisle. May not press nearer 
His Majesty's royal ear without his Lordship's permission, or the 
King's express commands, to which he shall willingly sacrifice his 
life and fortune. 

1636 ? 23. Petition of Capt. Anth. Brisket, Governor of Montserrat, to the 

King. Was made Governor by James, Earl of Carlisle, and has 
very lately obtained another commission from the now Earl. Has 
come to England to carry more planters and necessaries thither, 
where he is erecting a church of stone and brick. Prays for letters 
to the Lord Deputy of Ireland, to be admitted a contractor for 
tobacco at the same rate as Capt. Warner and others. 


1636. VoL - IX ' 

Oct. 4. 24. Capt. W. Smith to Sec. Windebank. Sends an exact relation 
Weymouth. o f w h a fc has been done to prepare the Black George for her voyage 
to Virginia. Incloses, 

24. I. Capt. W. Smith to the Commissioners of the Admiralty . 
Certifies his proceedings concerning the repair and other 
matters connected with the Black George, which is now in 
Portland Road, waiting to be furnished with seamen and 
carpenters, for the transport of Sir John Harvey to Vir- 
ginia. Weymouth, Oct. 3. 

Oct. 22. 25. Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. The Black George 

Weymouth. proved so leaky that he was forced, after sailing about 20 leagues, 

to return to Scilly, where he waited 14 days for a wind to take him 

to Portland Road. Will hasten to Portsmouth and inform him of 

all occurrences. 

Oct. 23. 26. Capt. W. Smith to Sec. Windebank. The ship intended 
From aboard for the voyage to Virginia, has been in such distress, that she and all 

Ship aJ the y S * n ^ er nave undergone divers hazards of perishing ; at present she 
Black George, is near Weymouth. Will send a more ample declaration of her 
leaks and insufficiencies. 

Oct. 31. 27. Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Has with much diffi- 
Portsmouth. culty got to Portsmouth, and given up the unfortunate ship [the Black 
George] into the hands of the officers from whom he received her. 
A ship bound for Virginia affords him the opportunity of a passage, 
but must leave his goods and company behind. Sends petition, 
which he desires may be presented to the King on his behalf. 

27. i. Petition of Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, to the 
King. Had victualled at very great charge, the Mack 
George prize ship, lent to him by His Majesty, for 100 
passengers for Virginia, more than 20 being gentlemen 
of quality, but the vessel proving so leaky, was constrained 
to put back to Portsmouth. Prays, the ship not being fit 
for the voyage, and he having taken his passage upon a 
small ship now bound for Virginia, that order may be 
given for some speedy supply out of the arrears of his 
entertainment, in compassion of his great losses. 

Oct.? 28. Petition of Sir John Harvey to the Commissioners of the 

Admiralty. Recapitulates the contents of the preceding petition to 
the King, and prays that he may not be charged with the seamen's 
wages, the ship not being in a condition to go the voyage. 

[Nov. 27.] 29. Order [of the Privy Council ?] upon complaint of the creditors 
of the Guinea and Binney Company. A former order of 27 July 
1635 is taken into consideration, and it is conceived that 3?. per 
ton on red wood, and 4s. per cwt. on elephant teeth will, in three 
years, satisfy all the creditors. 



1636. . 

Dec. 8. 30. Officers of the Navy to the Admiralty. Although Sir John 
Harvey gave bond for payment of 50 men's wages belonging to the 
Black George, since her return from her intended voyage to Vir- 
ginia, no part has been paid, nor for three months before she entered 
into his pay. Kequest directions. [The following papers have also 
reference to this subject.] 

30. I. Order of the Privy Council directing Sir John Harvey 
to pay the wages of the captain, officers, and company 
of the Black George, lately lent by the King to him for his 
transportation to Virginia ; and as is just and reasonable 
that those who sent Governor Harvey to England should be 
ordered to repay ilie same " when they shall be convicted 
of their insolent presumption." [Although duly signed 
and sealed, this order has been afterwards corrected by 
Nicholas, and the last sentence added by him.] Hampton 
Court, 1636, Dec. 21. 

30. II. Will. Smith to the Admiralty. Answer to a cer- 
tificate presented by Thos. Heddoze the present, and John 
Cade the late, Mayor of Weymouth , against him. Con- 
cerning his having taken the Black George into Portland 
Road, he being at sea upon the transportation of Sir 
John Harvey and his company to Virginia, by reason 
of a leak, and pressed carpenters and seamen and bought 
pump boxes for that service ; Jerome Hawley taking the 
whole charge of Harvey's affairs upon himself. 1637, 
Jan. 26. 

30. ill. Jerome Hawley to the Admiralty. Answer to the accu- 
sations of Capt. Will. Smith [contained in the preceding]. 
1637, Feb. 3. 

30. iv. Sir Will. Russell to the Admiralty. Is entreated by 
Jerome Hawley to certify that he has paid the money due 
upon the sea books, to the company lately serving in the 
Black George, for which Sir John Harvey, himself, and 
brother gave bond. Through Capt. Smith, some of the 
mariners make further pretences and demand that the bonds 
should not be given up. Requests directions. 1 637, April 2. 

30. v. The Privy Council to the Officers of the Navy. Direct 
that all persons pretending anything payable by virtue 
of the bond given by Harvey, Hawley, and others, be 
fully heard, and such order taken that nothing be cast 
upon the King that should be paid by Sir John Harvey, 
and that the bond may be cancelled. 1637, April 15. 

Dec. 16. 31. Extract of the will of Dorothy Wooll, of Clipsham, co. Rut- 
land, specifying the legacies bequeathed by her to Mr. Cotton, his 
two children, Mr. Mellowes, Mr. James, her friends in New England. 
Philip Johnson and Barthol. Storer are appointed her executors. 

1636 ? 32. Petition of Henry Earl of Marlborough to the King. In con- 

sideration of his father, then Lord High Treasurer, who had taken 


1636? VOL. IX. 

extraordinary care for planting the Caribbees, releasing unto the late 
Earl of Carlisle his interest in a grant of those islands, a rent charge 
of 3007. per annum, to be issuing out of St. Christopher's, Nevis, 
and Montserrat, was conveyed to the petitioner's father, himself, and 
afterwards renewed to the petitioner's son. Although a great 
revenue has been received from thence, the annuity is more than 
eight years in arrears, and he is informed that he cannot recover, 
because those islands are not within the jurisdiction of any of the 
King's Courts. Prays that the matter may be referred to the Privy 
Council, and all parties interested ordered to attend for his satis- 

Jan. 5. 33. The King to the Governor and Council of Virginia. When 
Hampton Court, the colonies of Virginia were governed by a Company, a yearly rent 
of 1 2d. at least, was reserved to the King upon every grant of land 
of 50 acres. These rents, by the dissolution of the Company, have 
become due to the King, with those upon all grants since made, and 
there has been as yet no Treasurer to take charge of them. The 
King, resolving not to lose these rights and royalties, appoints Jerome 
Hawley, one of the gentlemen sewers to Queen Henrietta Maria, 
Treasurer of Virginia, with powers, privileges, fees, and allowances 
belonging to that office, and require them to administer to him the 
oaths of Treasurer and of Councillor there, and to give him 
precedence according to his office. Annexed, 

33. I. Instructions concerning the revenue of Virginia, to be 
observed by the Governor and Council and all the King's 
officers and subjects respectively. All persons claiming 
lands to produce their titles before Michaelmas next, to 
the Treasurer, who will have them entered, and certify 
what lands and estates are already granted and the rents 
and other duties belonging to the King. Future grants 
to be first surveyed by the King's Surveyor General, who 
will certify to the Treasurer the fines and rents to be paid. 
Rents, fines, and other duties to be paid to the Treasurer, 
who is authorized to appoint collectors. Fines and 
amercements to be certified every Quarter Court to the 
Treasurer, with power to the Governor, Treasurer, and 
two of the Council to mitigate them. The Treasurer to 
produce his accounts to the Governor and Council 
annually before the end of March, to be certified and 
transmitted to the Lord Treasurer of England. Hampton 
Court, 1637, Jan. 5. 

Jan. 10. 34. Sec. Windebank to Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia. 
Upon petition of Jerome Hawley, representing the loss of revenue 
to the King in those parts, His Majesty has appointed Hawley 
Treasurer of Virginia, and desires that he be forthwith admitted a 
Councillor, upon his taking the oath of allegiance, but not otherwise. 
Doubts not that he will admit Hawley to both places, and assist 
him in advancing the King's revenue there. 




Jan. 14. 35. Jerome Hawley to Ed. Nicholas. Is to carry over some toils 
to Virginia, and send some deer from thence to the King. Desires 
that he will move the Lords of the Admiralty for warrant to press 
a ship, between 100 and 200 tons burden, for this service. 

Jan. ? 36. " Remembrance for Sec. Windebank." The Gov. and Sec. of 

Virginia having made choice of Lieut. Robt. Evelin, for Surveyor 
of the Colony, vice Gabriel Hawley, deceased, they desire the King's 
confirmation. Sec. Windebank is requested to procure His Majesty's 
letters to that effect, and also to signify to Jerome Hawley, appointed 
Treasurer of Virginia, that he shall not, by virtue of that office, 
abridge any of the profits or perquisites heretofore received by the 

Jan. ? 37. " Brief note concerning Councillors of State, to be nominated 

by the King for Virginia," That Robt. Eveliu, Capt. Christ. 
Wormeley, Rich. Townsend, and John Sybsye may be forthwith 
sworn of his Council, and Evelin continue to enjoy the favours 
granted to him by the King's letters of 18 April 1634. 

Jan. 20. Minutes of a Meeting for Providence Island. The James, ready 
Warwick Castle, to put to sea for Association, having sprung a leak and put back to 
Plymouth, the Mary Hope to be prepared instead. The design for 
Association given up, upon intelligence that the inhabitants had 
quitted it and removed to Hispaniola. Complaints against Capt. 
Wil. Rudyerd for selling the Company's goods, and unnecessary 
waste of powder, are examined, but it is resolved that he shall have 
command of the Mary Hope. Heads of letters and instructions 
are agreed upon. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 289.] 

Jan. 20. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Wil. Rudyerd, for command of the Mary Hope and passengers. 
[Minute, with this addition, '' according to the form of the commission 
for command of the James, as in the Book of Association." This 
book is not in the State Paper Office.] 

Jan. 20. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Wil. 
Rudyerd, capt. of the Mary Hope, bound to divers parts of the 
West Indies. To take letters, goods, and passengers to Providence, 
and there fit the vessel " for our further designs." Not to inter- 
meddle, in case of mutiny in the island, unless requested by the 
Governor and Council. To seize Spanish vessels when past the 
islands to the southward. Concerning prizes and freight home- 
wards. Preparation of Camock's flax. Distribution of negroes 
if a prize be taken. Trading without licence. Search for commo- 
dities fit to grow in Providence. Power to consort with any Dutch 
or English ship ton for ton and man for man. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., pp. 112-14.] 

Jan. 28. 38. Governor Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Sends account of his 

James City, proceedings since the short time of his arrival. Has not time to " fall 

into particulars." Endorsed "Rec. 13 March." Incloses, 


1637. VoL ' IX ' 

38. i. Governor Harvey to the Lords Commissioners for Planta- 
tions. After having found by dangerous experience, the 
insufficiency of the Black George, he and some few of his 
company shipped themselves for Virginia, where they 
arrived on the 18th inst. ; summoned the Council and 
read his commission and instructions at the church of 
Elizabeth City. The King's proclamation of pardon to 
all except those specially exempted, who had been aiding 
and abetting in the late practices against the Governor 
has been published. Has appointed Commissioners and 
Sheriffs for the lower counties and Accomack, and sum- 
moned an Assembly to meet on 20th February. James 
City, 1637, Jan. 27. Endorsed by Windebank, " Rec. 
13 March." 

Jan. 39. Petition of the owners of the Hector, of London, to the 

Admiralty. Have contracted for a voyage to New England for a 
plantation there, and from thence to divers parts in the streights. 
Most of the passengers had engaged their whole estates, and all was 
ready for the voyage, when the ship was pressed for the King's 
service. Prays for release of their vessel in consideration of their 
great charges, and that on her return, His Majesty will receive 
3,OOOZ., at least upon the goods imported. 

Feb. 9. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Proposition to Serj.- 
Brooke House. Maj. Hunks, to go to St. Christopher's at the Company's charge. 
Lord Mandeville admitted to the share of adventure, formerly 
belonging to Sir Nath. Rich, deceased. The Earl of Holland 
informs the Company of the progress of the treaty with the 
Hollanders, concerning Providence, " for the parting from which His 
Majty was pleased to promise leave to the Company, it proving 
hitherto a place of charge rather than of benefit." The King having 
been moved to retain the island, directs the Company to consider 
how they may be eased in their charge, or recompensed for their 
adventure ; Lord Holland's assistance desired ; resolved that propo- 
sitions be prepared and presented accordingly. A standing Com- 
mittee appointed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 290-91.] 

Feb. 10. Minutes as above. Letters by the Hopewell read, and answers 

Warwick House, agreed to. Mr. Woodcock's proposals for taking his men thither to 

be considered. Capt. Fowler, recommended by the Earl of Warwick, 

to be commander of Warwick Fort, of the Council, and have ten 

servants. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 291.] 

Feb. 11. Minutes as above. Letters from Providence read, particularly the 
Warwick House, planters' proceedings touching the mutinous petitions to the Gov. 
and Council. Bill presented by Patrick White for shoes for the 
island. The Governor having in his letter complained of great want 
of iron, some quantity to be sent by the next ship. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., p. 292.] 

Feb. 20. 40. Act the 20th of the Assembly of Virginia, present Gov. 
James City. Harvey, Sec. Kemp, Serj.-Maj. Geo. Donne, Captains Thos. Purifye, 


V01 - IX - 

Henry Browne, John Hobson, Adam Thorowgood, and Mr. William 
Brocas, together with the Burgesses, for the appointment of an 
officer, to keep a register of all tobacco and other commodities 
exported, with a fee of Zd. per cask for tobacco, and after the same 
rate for other goods. [Certified copy, by Rich Kemp, Sec.~\ 

Feb. 23. 41. Report of the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Trinity 
Trinity House, House to the Privy Council. Have called before them certain 
Katchff. merchant traders of Newfoundland, who object to the propositions 
for convoy and security of their voyages, and much desire to state 
their reasons to the Privy Council. Are informed that those who 
attempted to settle there never thrived, as Lord Baltimore, Capt. 
Mason, [John] Guy, of Bristol, and other men, ingenious, and of 
excellent parts. The country yields no timber. The Turks have 
not visited those coasts for six or eight years. Special orders were 
granted three or four years ago [see p. 174. No. 1.] against robberies 
and such like ; and the western men acknowledge that there are no 

Feb. 24, Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Order for dis- 
26, 27. charge of divers bills. Heads of letters for Providence agreed on ; 
Preston. also propositions to the King for the Company's encouragement. 
Divers members undertake to send 100 men by the Mary Hope, for 
better defence of the island. Proposals of Capt. Fowler; he is 
advised to stay till the next supply. Mr. Woodcock's request to 
take away his men and goods from Providence refused ; credit for 
1,500Z. to be given him. Concerning the return of the Blessing and 
Expectation. Mr. Woodcock to furnish the 100 men with arms and 
clothes at his own charge. Mr. Gossidge entertained purser of the 
Mary Hope. Mr. Woodcock's accounts. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 292-94.] 

Feb. 25. 42. Cecil Lord Baltimore to Sec. Windebank. Has further 
Warder Castle, considered the proposition concerning the advancement of the 
King's service in Virginia, and desired his brother Peasley to 
acquaint Windebank with it. Is well assured of his own ability to 
perform, with ample satisfaction, what he undertakes. Proposes a 
way of moving the King in this business, which is most likely to 
take effect. Thanks for care of his Newfoundland business. Will 
really acknowledge his favours. 

Feb. 43. Memorial of [Cecil] Lord Baltimore, "touching his right to 

part of Newfoundland." His father, Sir Geo. Calvert, late Lord 
Baltimore, having purchased a good part of Newfoundland, obtained 
a grant from King James [see p. 42, No. 23], and sent over divers 
colonies of the King's subjects to plant ; where he built houses, 
erected forts, and placed Governors, as Capt. Winne, Capt. Mason, 
and Sir Art. Aston. His father afterwards resided there with his 
family ; employed his ships against the French, who then infested 
the place, and chased them from that coast. Has disbursed more 
than 20,OOOZ., but was compelled about six years past, through the 
severity of the weather, to remove, leaving a Governor with the 


1637. VOL ' IX ' 

colony, who remained until the death of the memorialist's father. 
It is reported that some persons of quality have a design to demand 
customs upon all fish taken or sold in Newfoundland, which must 
needs trench upon his right. Desires that nothing may be done to 
his prejudice before his counsel is heard, and satisfaction given. If 
really for the King's service, will lay his rights at His Majesty's 
feet, confident that his great charges will be taken into con- 

Mar. 16-19. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Divers bills to be. 

Warwick House, discharged, but there being no money in stock, the means of payment 
are considered. Bonds for payment of various sums of money and 
letters, instructions, and commissions for Providence Island, and the 
Mary Hope are sealed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. Ill, pp. 294-95.] 

March. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to John 
Wells, master of the Mary Hope, bound to divers parts of the West 
Indies. To receive passengers on board at Gravesend, according to 
list, also Capt. Wil. Rudyerd, at Plymouth, under whose directions he 
is to act, with power to follow Capt. Kudyerd instructions in case of 
his death. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 114.] 

March 1 9. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Dan. Elfrith. Have 
London, received his letter. Thanks for his care of the fortifications 
and advice for planting provisions. Conceive he has done very 
good service, and beg he will not be discouraged by opposition. 
All that was concluded against him in the tumultuous proceedings 
about the petitions, has been nullified. Further time will be taken 
to consider Mr. Sherhard's business. Hope he will not think 
of coming home. Intend some employment for his encouragement. 
It is hoped those troublesome distractions which have inter- 
rupted his comfort may be prevented. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., p. lll.]j 

March 19. The Company of Providence Island to Mr. Sherhard, minister. 
London. Have received his letter by the Hopewell. Proceedings about 
petitions from the island, some of the principal agents have been 
sent for, to be examined. Many things seem to have been done, 
unwarrantable by divine or human law. The charge or inconvenience 
which he sustained through his wife going over, was not intended ; 
were not informed of his directions to the contrary. All his bills 
shall be paid, though they amount to more than will be due to him 
next term. Are very loath that he should leave the island, it being at 
this time full of trouble and discouragement. Hope he will stay 
till other ministers can be sent over. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IV., pp. 111-12.] 

March 1 9. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Hunt, Governor. 

London. Have received his letter by the Hopewell. Too many negroes in 

the island. Directions concerning them. Some to be transported 

to Virginia and the Somers Islands, " where they may be put off 

to the masters' very great advantage." Suppose he made some agree- 



ment with Capt. Rous and the master about the pinnace. Those 
who " took up the Ravenett " to be rewarded. Shallops left at the 
island for public use may be employed, with certain precautions, 
for taking Spanish vessels. Are loath to be charged with pensions 
for any officers in the island; and prefer salaries to be in men, 
who increase the strength of the island. Desire his care for 
reserving freight for the Company's ships, so that they may be 
enabled to send over magazines. Hope to send men, pinnaces, 
ammunition, and other necessaries both able to guard the island and to 
make an attempt upon the enemy. Store of provisions to be planted. 
The King takes special notice of the island, and has very much 
enlarged the Company's privileges. A good account will be there- 
fore expected, particularly as " it may be very serviceable to some 
designs that are now thought on in this kingdom/' He may very 
likely see some members of the Company, or those of very good 
quality, shortly. Mr. Leech's son, lately a servant to Mr. Johnson, 
to be well used. Commend the maintenance of justice and peace, 
and the advancement of the glory of religion. [Colonial Entry Bk. } 
Vol. IV., p. 110.] 

March 19. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Bell, one of the 
London. Council. Have received his letter by the Hopewell. Promise that 
his complaints shall be fairly dealt with. Judgments against him 
for anything that fell out in the time of his government, have 
been declared void, and his goods and negroes restored. Con- 
cerning his carriage about the petitions. Capt. Rous and Mr. Rish- 
worth, the principal actors, have been sent for. Grant him liberty 
to come home by the first ship. Their vessels employed about prizes, 
unfit for the passage of women, or his number of negroes. Wish it 
might be for his contentment to stay longer in the island. Do not 
think any servants sent over at their charge should be taken out of the 
island. Have always promised to reward his services with a certain 
number of men, and not with money or goods out of their stores. 
Intreat him to go on with cheerfulness, and give his advice and 
assistance for the good of the island. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 

March 29. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 
London. Are glad that the Blessing and Expectation have safely arrived. 
Further supply of men and ammunition ; some also sent in the 
Happy Return, under Capt. Newman. The island held to be of 
singular consequence ; necessity of keeping it in a state of defence. 
Hope the inhabitants will attend to their labours, and make a quick 
retribution of some part of the great disbursements. Have received 
a relation of differences, grounded upon a petition for depriving 
Capt. Elfrith of his places of Councillor and Admiral. Carriage 
of the petitioners very strange ; desire to hear both parties. Capt. 
Rous and Mr. Rishworth, who appear principal agents, ordered home 
by the first ship, also concerning former misdemeanors, for which 
Rous was put out of the Council. The factious should be sent out 
of the island or otherwise punished. Capt. Elfrith to be restored to 


1637. VoL - IX ' 

his offices of Councillor and Admiral, " being deprived in so tumul- 
tuous a way, we hold a meer nullity." Expect to be satisfied of the 
grounds of his dismissal. Directions concerning debts for the last 
store, and " stranger ships." Reserve for their own hearing, com- 
plaints of miscarriage in Capt. Bell's late government ; whatever 
done against him declared void, and everything taken from him by 
virtue of any sentence at the Council table to be restored. Disap- 
prove proceedings concerning Latimer. If a man go over at their 
charge, not having agreed to remain in the island as a freeman, he 
must be received as a servant. Wonder they should be so forward 
to receive complaints against Capt. Bell, "that being the way 
not to compose, but to nourish differences." Desire he may be 
respected as becomes a man of his quality and merit. Case of 
Finchley. Not suitable with the gravity and dignity of the Gover- 
nor to punish contempt with his own hands, " unless it be upon the 
place in time of service." Greatly blame the Governor for allowing 
Spaniards to view the island. Reasons for misliking so many 
negroes in the island ; Association was deserted thro' their mutinous 
conduct. Further trade for them prohibited, with exceptions, until 
Providence be furnished with English. Whoever keeps a negro 
shall maintain a servant one day in the week upon the public 
works. Directions for carrying on the works. Hope the inhabi- 
tants will repair the church, and keep it in a decent manner, 
" being commended to Christians by the practice of the very Pagans 
themselves." Take it very ill that the commodities of the island are 
carried away by the Dutch. Evils of such a system, and instructions 
to prevent its recurrence. Assistance to be given to Mr. Lane, 
Lord Brooke's agent, in disposing of certain goods. No fort nor 
bay to have Dutch names, any so called to be altered. Rates upon 
which servants are now sent over. Wil. Woodcock's contract. 
Require returns of the number of men landed from various ships. 
Injustice and inexcusableness of a resolution to leave the island, in 
case supplies were not received by a certain time. Precautions for 
defence. Regret that the fortifications should have been neglected 
and almost ruined. An officer to be appointed to deliver out the 
stores for the general works. Answers to many particulars of the 
records deferred. Alexander Bryan, the Marshal, under sentence of 
death for mutinous words against the late Governor, pardoned. 
Remarks on his case. Proceedings to be truly entered in the 
records ; some things wholly left out, and alterations made. Capt. 
Carter's commission touching Henrietta cancelled ; he is recom- 
mended for employment in Providence. Fitness of one Vanbotten, 
a high German, for the Company's service, left to the Governor's 
discretion. Distribution of the stores. Complaint of want of fresh 
water may be supplied by digging welis or "pitching of ponds." 
Geo. Hartlett, " a lame and unserviceable man," may come home 
when he pleases. A person to be appointed to assist the Sheriff. 
Concerning Capt. Hook's plantation. Permission to the brother of 
Mr. Symonds, the minister, to return home. Demands of the Brad- 
fords and Woodfall, the smith. Injustice of Mr. Downes' bills; 
if the Governor see cause, he should be removed from the 




March 30. 
James City. 



Council, and his plantation and goods seized to satisfy those who 
trusted him. The cotton engine to be delivered to Capt. Elfrith, 
and some land near the Black Rock restored to him. Would have 
his advice used in fortification, and encouragement given him. A 
magazine has been sent by private men, and some quantity of iron. 
Hope shortly to engage a minister, that Mr. Sherhard may have the 
more ease. Recommend Capt. Rudyerd to their favour ; Chas. 
Darley may go to sea with him, [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., 
pp. 104-109.] 

44. Governor Harvey and Rich. Kemp, Geo. Donne, Fr. Hooke, 
and Wm. Brocas, of the Council of Virginia, to the Privy Council. 
Certify according to instructions, the complaints upon oath, of divers 
passengers who have arrived in the colony, touching the unwhole- 
some victuals supplied to them on their voyage. Inclose, 

44. I. II. in. iv. Examinations concerning the victuals supplied 

to the passengers of the George of London, by Robert 
Page, Cape merchant, on their voyage to Virginia. 

45. Memorial of Cecil Lord Baltimore for Sec. Windebank, con- 
cerning Virginia. Sets forth his desire to do the King service, and 
undertakes to improve His Majesty's revenue from thence 8,000. 
yearly, without laying any other tax or imposition upon the 
planters than what they do now'and most willingly will pay. For 
which service it is believed Lord Baltimore, at the King's command, 
would accept the government of the colony, with 2,000. per annum, 
payable out of such improvement of revenue. 

[April 1.] 46. Petition of Jerome Hawley to the Admiralty. Is bound to 
Virginia in the Friendship, of London, now in the Thames, and 
carries over the King's letters to the Government there. Prays that 
the seamen shipped for that voyage may not be pressed. Annexed, 

46. i. List of names of the crew of the Friendship. 1637, 


,A Jte.:: 

April 22. 47- The King to the Governor 'and Council of Virginia. Con- 
Westminster, si derations which led to former letters for increase and regulation of 
trade. Tobacco almost the only commodity returned from Virginia. 
Cannot but take notice how little advance has been made in staple 
commodities. Comparison with the Caribbee Islands. The colony 
brought to great straights in consequence. Is informed that they 
are not only supplied by the Indians, but by the Dutch, who make a 
prey of the tobacco and crop of the plantations to the prejudice of the 
King's just duties and profits. All this proceeds from irregular 
government, want of providence, and covetous and griping dispo- 
sitions, and endangers the common good of the whole plantation. 
Has resolved, with advice of the Privy Council, upon better ordering 
and regulating the plantations. Desires them to consider what 
quantity of good and merchantable tobacco they will undertake 
yearly to send to the port of London, having relation to more 
staple and honourable commodities ; what price and value they will 



peremptorily set thereon ; and the places most convenient to bring 
it to, as to one or more appointed warehouses, from whence it may 
be carefully shipped, and " a particular " sent in every ship. Jerome 
Hawley is appointed Treasurer of Virginia, " being a business much 
concerning our revenue there/' Strictly forbids trade with the Dutch. 
Requires them to examine every planter, to take an account how 
far each one has engaged his stock and crop, upon what debts and 
to whom, and to make a return to the Lord Treasurer, that some 
just course may be taken " to redeem these our poor subjects." Com- 
mands them to inform every planter and owner of the King's reso- 
lutions ; to show them what helps they have received to the loss of 
His Majesty's revenue, by lessening the ordinary duties almost one 
half, taking off the charge of garbling their tobacco, and now lately 
the impost of that taken from London to foreign parts. If they are 
resolved to be the authors of their own misery, and refuse with 
fitting alacrity and obedience to answer the King's expectation, His 
Majesty will advise with the Privy Council to punish the refractory, 
and repair the loss which he sustains for their good. Expects their 
speedy answer. \Copy.~] 

April ? 48. The King to [the feoffees of Jas. late Earl of Carlisle]. It has 
been noticed that the inhabitants of St. Christopher's, Barbadoes, and 
the other Caribbee Islands, have mostly planted tobacco to the 
neglect of cotton, wools, and other useful commodities which they 
had begun, and of corn and grain sufficient for the support of those 
plantations, which compels them to receive supplies from the Dutch 
and other strangers. Directs them to send to the several Governors of 
the Caribbee Islands a perfect transcript of this letter, with instruc- 
tions concerning the growth of their tobacco and the prohibition 
of trade in those islands, with strangers. Instructions on these 
heads, similar to those in the preceding letter, but no Treasurer 
is named. 

May 3. 49. Order of the Privy Council, requiiing the Attorney General 
to call in the patent granted to the Governor of New England, and 
to present it to the Board, or to the Committee for Foreign Planta- 
tions. [Draft.'] 

[May.] 50. Minutes of proceedings in the Court of King's Bench against 
the Governor, Deputy- Governor, and Assistants of the Corporation 
of Massachusetts Bay, from Trinity Term 1635 to Easter Term 
1637 ; names of those who appeared and disclaimed the charter, and 
of those who, not appearing, were outlawed ; judgment given to 
seize the franchises of the corporation, and take Matthew Cradock 
into custody for usurping the Government. 

[May.] 51. Another copy of the preceding. 

[May 6.] 52. Petition of Ambrose Harmar, of Virginia, to the King. For 
the government of Benoni Buck, an idiot, the first in that planta- 
tion, son of Rich. Buck, the late minister, together with his poor 
estate, having had the tuition of him and his brothers for 13 years. 



Underwritten, is the King's order granting the petitioner's request, 
and referring it to Lord Cottington, Master of the Wards, to carry 
into effect. Annexed, 

52. I. Order of Pros. Lord Cottington, Master of the Court of 
Wards, for the petitioner to have a commission under the 
Great Seal, directed to the Governor of Virginia, to certify 
to the idiot ism of Benoni Buck, the certificate to be returned 
to the Court of Chancery in England and directions 
received from the Court of Wards. 1 637, May 18. [Certified 

52. ii. Order of the Court of Wards in reference to the preceding. 
May 20. 

52. in. Order of the Court of Wards concerning the patent 
granted by the King to Harmar for the custody of Benoni 
Buck. June 19. 

[May 7.] Petition of Cecil Lord Baltimore to the King. It was alleged by 
the western merchants, when their objections against the intended 
patent and plantation in Newfoundland were heard before the Privy 
Council, that if the new patentees and planters were exempted from 
the payment of customs for goods exported, of the growth of that 
country, as was granted to the petitioner's father, it would prove 
very prejudicial to the western fishermen and merchants ; whereupon 
the King ordered the Attorney General to proceed by quo warranto 
against that part of the patent. The exemption complained of 
having only been granted for ten years, which expired four or five 
years since, prays that the Attorney General may have orders to peruse 
the petitioner's grant, and report upon the state of that proviso 
in the patent before he proceeds to the quo warranto. With 
reference in accordance with the prayer of the petitioner. Whitehall, 
May 7, 1637. [DOMESTIC Car. I , Entry Bk., Petitions, 1636- 
1638, p. 74.] 

May 1 2. Minute of a Committee for Providence Island. Bonds for pay- 
ment of money taken up on the Company's account are sealed. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 295.] 

May 18. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. John Pym's report of 
Brooke House, proceedings of the Committee last term. Propositions for the Earl 
of Holland to present to the King ; letters, commissions, and instruc- 
tions signed, and a ship sent away. Financial business so ordered 
"that the credit of the Company stands upright." The Earl of 
Holland is elected Governor ; Henry Darley Dep. Gov. ; Will. 
Woodcock, Husband, and W T ill. Jessop, Sec. of the Company The 
election of Treasurer is suspended. A deputation to desire Lord 
Holland will hasten the King's answer to their propositions. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 295-96.] 

May 25. 53. The Privy Council to the Governor and Council of Virginia. 
Require them to take effectual orders that the servants, goods, and 
cattlo belonging to John West, Sam. Matthews, John Utie, and 


1637. VOL ' IX - 

Will. Peirce, whose petition they inclose, should be quietly left in 
the hands of those to whom they were entrusted, and any that have 
been seized, restored, until the charges against the petitioners are 
heard and determined by the King or Privy Council. Inclose, 

53. I. Petition of West, Mathews, Utie, and Peirce to the Privy 
Council. Have been lately sent prisoners to England, 
Peirce excepted, who came over a year ago, and are now 
on bail. Pray that their distressed state may be taken 
into consideration and a letter written to Governor Harvey 
by a ship now ready to sail, to restore their goods, servants, 
and cattle, seized by his orders. 

May? 54. Petition of Cecil Lord Baltimore to the King. A tract of 

land adjoining Virginia, and called the Province of Maryland, in 
honour of the Queen, was granted to him in the eighth year of 
His Majesty's reign. Is informed that upon a representation lately 
exhibited to the King for renewing a Virginia Company, their 
request was granted, although His Majesty said that he would not 
have the petitioner's interest in Maryland any ways impeached, yet 
it is intended to infringe upon his government. Is confident the 
King will not give way to a thing so notoriously tending to his 
destruction. Prays that he may enjoy the full benefit of his grant, 
and that the Attorney and Solicitor General may have directions not 
to pass anything from the King in the intended grant of the new 
corporation to impeach the petitioner's government or interest 
in Maryland. 

May. 55. The King to the Commissioners for Foreign Plantations, and 

all other officers and ministers. Is informed by Lord Baltimore 
that some grants concerning foreign plantations, may pass the seals 
prejudicial to his letters patent for Newfoundland and Maryland. 
They are therefore commanded not to permit any patent, commis- 
sion, or other warrant for plantations or discovery near the pro- 
vinces of Avalon and Maryland, to pass, which may in any way 
infringe upon the rights or privileges of Lord Baltimore and his 
heirs, for whose better encouragement the King engages his royal 
word never to permit any quo warranto or other proceedings fo r 
infringing or overthrowing either of his patents. 

May. 56. Bequest of the Company of the Somers Islands for a warrant 

from the Admiralty to exempt from press the mariners of the Dorset, 
John Flowers, master, bound to those islands with provisions for 
relief of the people. 

May. 57. Similar request for the seamen of the Gilliflower, Kobert 

Dennis, master, bound to the Somers Islands. 

June 4. 58. List of names of the seamen in the Unity, William Upton, 
master, who Capt. John Hobson, one of the Council of Virginia, 
about to proceed to Virginia, desires may not be pressed. 



June ? 59. Names of such of the Council in Virginia as are proper to be 
continued, and of such other persons as are resident in Virginia and 
fit to be called to the Council there. John Hobson is ready to 
return thither, and is also thought fit to serve in the Council. 

[June 5.] Petition of Sir James Hay, Archibald Hay, and Richard Hurst to 
the King. Are left feoffees of the late Earl of Carlisle for the 
Caribbee Islands, for letting the lands, collecting profits, and ordering 
the government of those islands. Complaints against some of the 
Governors there and differences between the inhabitants have already 
been addressed to the petitioners, and because reformation of things 
amiss in the government will be expected from them, and they are 
not able to perform this duty, pray for a royal commission to some 
experienced persons, to hear and determine matters concerning those 
islands. With reference to the Attorney General to prepare a bill 
for the King's signature, containing the commission petitioned for, 
to Robert Lord Dalziel, Sir William Balfour, Sir Edward Littleton, 
Solicitor General, Sir Robert Heath, Dr. Rives, Sir Charles Harbord, 
Sir Henry Spiller, Sir John Wolstenholme, Sir Abrah. Dawes, 
Sir John Jacob, Lawrence Whitacre, Justinian Povey, and Edw. 
Johnson, or any five or four of them. Whitehall, 1637, 5 June. 
[DOMESTIC Gar. L, Entry Bk., Petitions, 1636-38, p. 91.] 

June 14. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Conference with 
Brooke House. Capt. Bell and Mr. Rishworth, having returned in the Expectation 
on the 10th instant. Rishworth professes that the inhabitants 
have a desire to go to the main, should a colony be settled there. 
That Providence affords no quantity of tobacco nor cotton, though it 
will produce good quantities of provisions, and is strong enough to 
resist the whole power of Spain. He is questioned concerning 
Spaniards being taken on shore at Providence. Albertus Blufeild, 
mate of the Expectation, says there is a good harbour, a mile and a 
half in breadth, at the mouth ; that he was two miles up the main, 
and found the country overgrown with silk grass and a river 8 or 
10 feet deep, and 30 feet broad. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IIL, 
p. 297.] 

June 15. Minutes as above. Capt. Bell's account of the island. Provisions 
Brooke House, wanted ; only small quantities of commodities can be raised. Thinks 
never more than 40,000 wt. was made in the island. No means to 
dress cotton. The ground overrun with grass, which makes men 
seek out new plantations. Things grow well on the hills where 
sheltered. Servants' times expiring, hands are wanted to clear the 
ground. Fortifications in a good state. The island may maintain 
1,200 men, if wholly set upon provisions, but 600 or 700 if upon 
commodities. The soil is hard, and rain sometimes falls three months 
together, which makes the ground chillish, and commodities die, 
especially tobacco. Corn liable to be blasted with winds. Rats 
increase exceedingly through the people's negligence. Children 
thrive well. Cattle are fat only during the rainy time. Good 
water; salt may be made. Capt. Bell's propositions are read. 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 297-98.] 



June 16. 19. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Giles Mersh con- 
Brooke House, fesses that lie sent the Spaniards on shore [at Providence] the day 
before he came off; he is directed to attend the next day with his 
journal. Geo. Terry is ordered to come home by the first oppor- 
tunity. Time mostly spent in private conference. Capt. Bell's 
tobacco to be given up to him. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 298.] 

June 21. Minutes as above. A suit to be commenced against Giles 
Brooke House. Mersh in the Admiralty. Complaints contained in the infor- 
mation against him, viz., directing the Spaniards to be set on 
shore near Carthagena ; forsaking the Blessing, whereby she fell 
into the hands of the Spaniards to the loss of near 2,000?. ; 
staying at Bermuda and appropriating money, the price of the 
Company's negroes to his own use ; spending the ship's best pro- 
visions on himself and mate, and giving such allowance to the 
passengers that very many died. Alb. Blufield petitions for satis- 
faction for three negroes set on shore at Bermuda. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., p. 299.] 

June 22. Minutes as above. Committee appointed. Mr. Rishworth's in- 
Brooke House, formation grounded upon a letter received from the Governor of 
Providence. The fortifications were repaired, and earth used instead 
of mouldering faggots. The order for restraint of buying negroes 
was general, although some were bought with leave. The Governor 
requests a supply of military stores and a drummer. Of one 
hundred persons put aboard the Expectation, but ten living. The 
Governor wishes his salary " might proceed another way than by ser- 
vants ;" and to have power to punish such as run away in boats. 
That ratcatchers might be sent over, servants to supply the places of 
those whose times have expired, and cattle. Edbery, formerly driven 
into the woods at Henrietta by the Spaniards, and now employed 
in making salt for turtle, favourably recommended. Finance. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 299-300.] 

June 24. Minutes as above. Unlawful sale of two negroes belonging 
Brooke House, to the Company. The large sums of money disbursed for forti- 
fication and planting of Providence, the discouragements received 
from the hostile attempts of the Spaniards, and the negligence 
and insufficiency of their own agents, are considered. For reasons 
stated at length, the design to be prosecuted with further supplies 
and adventures. Plans for doing so. Eleven heads of propositions ; 
one that a stock of 100,000?. be raised, in shares of 1,000?. each, to 
be paid up in five years. Payments to cease if profits of the 
adventure shall be sufficient to support the work, " as is hoped they 
may be within a year or two." [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 300-302.] 

June 26. Minutes as above. The gunner and boatswain of the Expeeta- 

Brooke House, tion examined concerning the conduct of Mersh. Financial 

business. Information of Mr. Rishworth concerning the storekeepers. 



Mr. Billing's goods. Wil. Ashby and John Cox, two seamen of the 
Expectation, state that the ship was so near the Fort at Providence 
that Capt. Rous came aboard ; the master might have landed all the 
passengers, but did not, " whereby they lost near 40 men's lives." 
Account of goods laid out for negroes. [Colonial Entry 13k., 
Vol. III., pp. 302-304.] 

July 4. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The wife of Silvester 
Mr.Pym'sHouse.Pjrooke, a mariner in the Expectation, petitions for her husband's 
wages ; also Goodwife Williams, whose son died in the voyage, 
for allowance for three dozen knives, employed by her son in 
buying negroes. Finance. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 304-305.] 

July 9. Commission to William Earl of Stirling, and others, touching the 
Caribbee Islands, granted to the Earl of Carlisle. [Minute. 
Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

[July 17.] Petition of George Menefie to the King. Has resided 17 years 
in Virginia, as a merchant of the Corporation of James City, and is 
agent for the estates of many men who live in England. Aims at 
nothing but the support of his family and the flourishing state of 
the plantations in Virginia, and has paid great sums for tobacco 
imported to England. Is desirous to know upon what grounds he 
is commanded from his affairs in Virginia, to answer some objec- 
tions in the Star Chamber in England, where he has attended two 
months to his great prejudice, for which his conscience tells him 
he has not given the least occasion. Desires leave to return, not 
for fear of being found guilty, but because his principals, whose 
estates are of great value, depend upon him, and is willing to give 
security for his future appearance. Prays that his cause may be 
referred to the Privy Council. With reference to the Attorney 
General to report how far the petitioner is faulty, when His Majesty 
will declare his further pleasure. Oaklands, 1637, July 17. 
[DOMESTIC Car. /., Entry Bk. Petitions, 1636-38, p. 136.] 

July 23. 60. The King's Manifesto for establishing a general Government 
Whitehall. J n New England. For prevention of evils likely to arise more 
and more, by reason of the several opinions and differing humours, 
not in the power of the Council of New England to redress, the 
King has taken the whole management into his own hands. His 
Majesty knowing it to be a duty not to suffer such numbers of his 
people to run to ruin, has accepted the resignation of that charter, 
and in hopes of repairing what is amiss, has resolved to employ Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges, who made the first discovery of 'those coasts, and 
understands the state of those countries, wherein he has been a 
principal actor. The King declares his resolution to provide for the 
future good of those adventuring in any such undertakings, by 
appointing Sir Ferdinand Gorges, Governor, and commands that 
none be permitted to go into those parts without Gorges' knowledge 
or licence, and directions where to settle. Liberty is reserved to all 


1637. VoL ' IX> 

those who are joined in the surrender of the Great Charter of New 
England, and have grants for their plantations, to go themselves and 
send such numbers as they may choose. 

July 24. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Concerning 
privileges from the King, and how to use them for carrying on the 
work ; declaration for the foundation of a new stock, as proposed 
on 24 June last, confirmed ; and letter requesting the Governor's 
[Lord Holland] assistance for accomplishment of the grant, signed. 
Giles Mersh allowed payment for goods and provisions, and main- 
tenance of the negroes at the Somers Islands, who are to be dis- 
posed of to the best advantage. The Secretary directed to reply to 
Capt. Bell's request concerning his services ; not bound to make 
good his salary in money, but he may have men according to 
agreement. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 305.] 

Aug. 6. Earl of Northumberland to [Sir Thos. Roe]. The West India 
The Triumph business doubtless the most hopeful and feasible design that can be 
ns> fallen upon, if it could be followed as it ought to be ; it must con- 
stantly be pursued at great expense for some years, without ex- 
pecting a present profit. Doubts whether industry and patience, as 
well as money, is not wanted to perfect a work of that nature. The 
little encouragement given to trade makes all men ready to withdraw 
their stock from all parts. Fears they will hardly be drawn to 
engage in any new adventures, and it is too great an undertaking 
for a few well affected men to go through with. [Extract from 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

Sept.? 61. Propositions for a West India Company. No other advan- 
tageous way to make war upon the King of Spain, but in the 
West Indies. Some fit port in the Indies should be seized for a 
safe retreat, and the opportunity to invade by land and make prizes 
at sea. A stock of 200,000. required yearly for five years, to be 
managed by a Governor and Council resident in London, and 
appointed by the King Boards of management to be established at 
Bristol, Exeter, Yarmouth and Hull. How to make the business 
well known and popular. Power to the officers employed, to conquer 
and possess any part of the West Indies, to build ships, levy men 
and munition for war, and make reprisals. Terms upon which the 
conquered lands are to be granted. The King is solicited to appoint 
a Committee consisting of Lords Conway and Maltravers, Sirs 
Thomas Hoe, Dudley Diggs, and John Pennington, and some lawyer 
to be named by His Majesty. 

Sept. 18. 62. Another copy of the preceding, endorsed by Sir Thos. Roe, 
" Proposition for the West Indies prepared for His Majesty as a 
ground," with an additional paragraph in the handwriting of Roe, 
that one fifth of all mines and minerals, after deduction of charges, 
be reserved to the King. 

1637? 63. Demonstration of the right of the King of Great Britain to 
erect an English West India Company, with an account of the 
profits and benefits to be expected. 




Sept. 19. 64. The Privy Council to the Governor and Council of Virginia. 
Hampton Court. Lawrence Evans, merchant, sent last year servants and goods 
to Virginia,- to the value of 2,00(). ; but his factor dying on the 
voyage, the masters of the ships, Kic. Buckham, Robt. Page, and 
Wil. Smith, are represented to have embezzled the greater portion. 
Require them to find out what fraud has been committed, 
and to afford Evans every assistance in the recovery of his goods. 
[Draft, with corrections.] 

Sept. 29. 65. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of the Earl of 
Oatlands. Holland, touching the Islands of Providence and Henrietta, with 
other isles between 6 and 24 deg. N.L., and 290 and 310 deg. of 
longitude, referring it to the Lords Commissioners for Plantations, 
Sir Henry Marten and the Attorney General to consider whether they 
conceive all, or what part, fit to be granted. [Copy, with corrections. 
The Court was at Oatlands on the 3rd of Sept., which date has 
been altered to the 29th.~\ 

Sept. 29. 66. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of Geo. 

Whitehall. Menefie, setting forth that he has been examined upon the inter- 
rogatories exhibited against him in the Star Chamber, and that his 
plantation affairs in Virginia suffer by reason of his absence ; grant- 
ing him leave to return upon putting in security for 1,OOOZ., to appear 
in the Star Chamber when required. 

Sept. 29. 67. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of William 
Hampton Court. Peirce, showing that about 18 months since he came to England 
from Virginia, and has answered the information against him in the 
Star Chamber, and will be ready to abide any order in the cause, 
praying for leave to return to settle his estate ; which is granted 
upon his giving security for 1,000?. to appear in the Star Chamber 
when required. 

Sept. 30. 68. The Privy Council to the Governor and Council of Virginia. 
Upon security given in the Star Chamber, Wil. Peirce has licence to 
repair to Virginia for the better management of his affairs. Desire 
that he be allowed full liberty, and to return to England at the 
time fixed for his attendance in the Star Chamber. 

Sept. 30. Similar letter for Geo. Menefie, merchant. [Minute, on same 
sheet as preceding] 

Sept. 30. 69. The Privy Council to Dr. Duck, Chancellor of London. John 
Teatly, clerk, in a petition sets forth that the late Earl of Carlisle 
conferred upon him the rectory of Palmetor Point, in the island of 
St. Christopher, which Joseph Moore has ever since enjoyed, together 
with another living of greater value, and prays that Moore may 
render an account, having arrived at Plymouth with goods to a great 
value. Desire he will examine both parties with a view to arrange 
their differences. 

Oct. 6. 70. Thos. Lane to Archbishop Laud. The piercing sight of 
Barbadoes. Lynceus and the long ears of Midas excellently moralize the King's 



piercing apprehensions and deep judgments in affairs of their States. 
As a principal of the learned Commissioners appointed by the King 
to examine and rectify all complaints from the plantations, Lane, 
himself a brother minister, sends an account of the state of the 
clergy in the colony of Barbadoes. Within the past five or six 
years the people have built six churches, besides some chapels ; the 
care of the parishes is committed to some of the principal men in 
each parish, who are called the vestry, and have power to place and 
displace their ministers, and to allow them yearly stipends. Manner 
of levying the means to pay the minister in his own parish. Com- 
plains of the general grievances of the clergy. The Governor 
chooses the ministers, and agrees with them as he pleases, " whereby 
we are made and esteemed no better than mercenaries." Taxes such 
as he believes were never before imposed by Christians upon the 
clergy, they are compelled to pay, " for the very heads upon their 
shoulders, for the heads of their wives and children above the age of 
seven." The parish clerks are maintained out of their means. 
" What can be expected where ignorance both of the laws of God 
and men doth domineer." Hopes his Grace will provide a remedy 
for these burdens. It is time for authority to set to her helping 
hand. " They live in the declining age of the world, wherein there 
is not to be found that youthful zeal of God's house which was wont 
to eat up men." 

[Oct. 7-] 71. Three propositions concerning justification by works, faith, 
active or passive, in justification, and saving preparation before 
union with Christ, which have divided Mr. Hooker and Mr. Cotton 
in New England. Endorsed by Archbishop Laud, " Rec. 7 Oct. 

[Oct. 15.] 72. The state of the three controversies touching the condition 
wrought in the soul before faith, the first assurance of faith from 
sanctification, and the active power of faith, now broken out in 
New England between Mr. Hooker, Mr. Cotton, and their followers. 
Arguments and proofs for and against. Endorsed by Archbishop 
Laud, " Rec. 15 Oct. 1637." 

Oct. ? 73. A relation of the manner in which persons are received into 

the congregations of New England. They make confession of their 
faith, and they give glory to God. Their conscience and conversation 
must be approved. In case of notorious scandal past, confession is 
to be made penitently. They covenant to obey the whole truth of 
the Gospel of Christ. 

Oct. 74. Description of a monstrous birth at Boston in New England, 

brought forth by Mary, wife of William Dyer, some time milliner in 
the New Exchange in London. Certified by John Winthrop, gent, 
of the Massachusetts, who saw it. 

Nov. 11. 75. The Privy Council to Sir John Pennington. They are in- 
Whitehall. formed by Humphrey Slany, Nicholas Crispe, William Clobery, and 

R 2 



others of the Guinea Company, to whom the King has granted 
a patent for the sole trade to Guinea, Binney, and Angola, that 
John Crispe and others have set forth the Talbot to trade upon the 
coasts of Guinea, to take " nigers," and carry them to foreign parts ; 
he is therefore required to make stay of the ship and goods until 
further order. 

Nov. 13. 76. Grant to James Marquis of Hamilton, Philip Earl of Pern- 
Westminster, broke, Henry Earl of Holland, and Sir David Kirke, of the Province 
of Newfoundland, bordering upon the continent of America between 
46 and 53 degs. North lat. Geo., the late Lord Baltimore, having 
left the plantation in no sort provided for, Cecil, his heir, having 
also deserted it, as have done several others who had grants of 
parcels of land, " leaving divers of our poor subjects in the said 
province living without government," this grant was made at the 
humble petition of the above. [Copy.~\ 

Nov. 1 3. Another copy of the preceding. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LX F., 
Westminster. pp t 1] 27.] 

Nov. 13. Grant to Sir David Kirke of the whole continent, island, or region 
called Newfoundland. [Minute, Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

Nov. 17. 77. Governor Harvey to Robt. Reade. His brother is well, and 

Virginia, with the Governor at his house, but wants Mr. Hawley's supplies. 

Hopes to find a very good opportunity to employ him upon a great 

business he has in hand against a neighbouring Indian, strong of 

people, in which the Governor will appear in person. 

Nov. 27. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Resolutions upon several 
Brooke House, propositions contained in their petition for privileges, presented by 
Lord Holland to the King, and referred to the Lords Commissioners 
for Plantations, whose report, dated 21st Nov., is read. "A fail- 
answer " promised to a request of divers of the seamen's wives of the 
Blessing, for an advance of wages. Capt. Bell renews his suit for a 
supply of men in satisfaction of his salary. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 306-7.] 

Dec. 9. Minutes as above. Financial business. Resolved to move Lord 

Brooke House. Holland to obtain leave from the King for the Deputy [Henry 

Darley] and John Pym to stay in town at Christmas to attend 

to the Company's affairs. Discussion upon Capt. Bell's demands 

deferred. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 308.] 

Dec. 11. Minutes as above. Debate upon Capt. Bell's propositions con- 
Brooke House, cerning his services when Governor in the island, for upwards of five 
years. He alleges that he had received near 25 servants short, 
about the value of 1,250?. Exceptions. The Sec. ordered to deliver 
them in writing with statement of his accounts. Finance. News 
brought that Capt. Newman was off the coast, John Woodcock sent 
to the Downs with letters of instruction. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 308-10.] 






78. Memorial from " the Customer of London " [to the Privy 
Council ?] concerning passes and passengers out of the kingdom. 
The oath of allegiance is administered by statute to all passengers, 
and the names certified to the Exchequer yearly. Describes the 
practice that has since been followed, until last year, when there 
was a proclamation to prohibit all passengers, but under six of the 
hands of the Privy Council. May hew then procured the grant of 
Clerk of all passes, and a new commission was directed to the 
officers of the Custom House. A proclamation is now made re- 
straining the disorderly passing out of the kingdom into America, 
and commanding that none of the King's subjects be permitted to 
go, without licence from the Commissioners for Plantations, and a 
certificate that they have taken the oaths of allegiance and of con- 
formity to the discipline of England ; returns to be made every half 
year to the Commissioners. The memorialist desires to know 
whether wives, children, and servants are to be permitted to go with 
those who bring these certificates for America ; how and where the 
returns are to be made ; whether Virginia is restrained to the same 
limitations, because most of those who go thither have ordinarily 
no habitations, can bring no certificates, and are better out than 
within the kingdom ; and from whom their Lordships expect an 
exact account of all their directions, the Customer of London holding 
himself liable only to see the oath of allegiance administered. 

79. Petition of Eleanor Babb, wife of Thos. Babb, of Wapping, 
mariner, to Algernon Earl of Northumberland, Lord High Admiral. 
About four years since her husband contracted in New England 
with Edward Trelawny, then residing there, for goods to the value 
of 2001. ; but, having returned to England, he refuses to pay the 
money. Her husband has since obtained sentence in the Admiralty 
Court against Trelawny, who brought an action at common law 
against her husband to avoid it, and obtained a verdict for 2001. 
Prays for protection, her husband being absent on a voyage to the 
Streights, and for maintenance of the jurisdiction of the High Court 
of Admiralty. 

80. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition in the name of 
the Governor and Company of London for plantation of the Somers 
Islands ; directing that about 100 tons of logwood recovered by the 
Governor there from a Spanisli wreck, may not be confiscated, though 
brought into the port of London. [Draft.] 

Jan. 13. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Committee ap- 
Brooke House, pointed. Several bonds sealed. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 310-11.] 

Jan. 22. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Upon Capt. 
Brooke House. Bell's a.nswers to the Company's exceptions to lend him 501., that he 
might be more willing to inform the Admiralty of all he knows con- 
cerning the attempt of the Spaniards to take the island ; choice of 
men is preferred so that the island may be strengthened. [Colonial 
Entry Bh, Vol. III., p. 311.] 

Jan. 12. 



1638. VOL - IX ' 

Jan. 23. 81. Order of the Lords Commissioners for Foreign Plantations, 
Whitehall, being a brief or minutes of articles for drawing out a patent for tlie 
province of Maine, in New England, which being approved the 
Attorney General is ordered to prepare a grant accordingly. 

Jan. 29. 82. Governor Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Is informed that 
James City, the farmers of customs intend exhibiting a complaint to the King 
against him, about the bad quality of last year's tobacco. Declares 
that most of it was shipped before his arrival in the colony. Hopes 
the ensuing Assembly will prevent the like badness in future, by 
erecting stores in each county, where all tobacco may be brought to 
and viewed. 

Jan. 29. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Letters brought by a 
Brooke House. s hip from Virginia from Capt. Newman, dated 7 August, and from 
Lieut. Powell are read. The owners of the Happy Return desire 
payment for her hire. Capt. Rous having been taken in the Blessing 
and now a prisoner in Spain, letters from him are read ; and John 
Pym acquaints the Company with what had been done on his behalf. 
Capt. Bell promised a final answer to his late propositions on Monday 
next. Finance. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 312-13.] 

Jan. 31. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Accounts. Pro- 
Brooke House, posals for an extension of time to send the 500 men agreed npon to 
Providence. Fears that the island may be attempted by the 
Spaniards ; resolved to send a further supply of able men. The Earl 
of Warwick volunteers to underwrite 2,000?. per annum for five 
years in case the privileges and declarations lately petitioned for to 
the King are obtained. Lord Say engages to go thither in person 
with some others of the Company. Abrah. Blufield allowed 40^. 
per month for his services. 

Feb. 8. Examination of Capt. Bell's demands referred to John Pym. 

Feb. 5. Grounds of abatement offered by John Pym upon Capt. Bell's 
demands, referred to arbitrators. Capt. Bell names his brother Sir 
Robert Bell, the Company John Hampden, but the Company refuse 
to be bound by the award "further than for so much as concerns 
their own particular/' 

Feb. 6. Sir Robt. Bell and John Hampden not finding the business fully 
stated require the Company's exceptions in writing to Capt. Bell's 
demands and his answers. 

Feb. 9. The referees meet on Capt Bell's business, but after debate nothing 
is concluded. 

Feb. 12. Notice having been received that a warrant had been sent to 
the Vice Admiral for arresting Capt. Newman's ship, a declaration to 
be presented to the Earl of Holland, stating if such be the case that 
the Company must let the whole business fall. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., pp. 313-316.] 

Feb. 15. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. A supply of 120 

Warwick men, with commanders, to be dispatched to Providence by the 

end of March next; that everything may be in a good state of 




Feb. 17. 

Feb. 20. 
Brooke House. 

Feb. 20. 

James City. 

Feb. 20. 

James Citj. 


preparation before any members of the Company arrive. Two 
pinnaces to be employed for defence of the island and afterwards 
for prizes. The Earl of Warwick, Lord Brooke, and Mr. Darley, 
declare their resolution to go. Proposition that Mr. Chancy and 
Mr. Rodgers be moved to divert their intended voyage from New 
England to Providence. The supply and pinnaces estimated at 
4,000. The Earl of Warwick states that the King had discovered 
the arrest of Capt. Newman's ship, and expressed much contentment 
at Capt. Newman's proceedings. These encouragements induce 
divers of the Company to promise new adventures. Letter to be 
sent to Providence by Capt. Vandyke, signifying that the Company 
are in treaty for a supply for the island. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. I I I., pp. 316-17.] 

83. Warrant for the Exchange of Southampton, Geo. Tytoe, 
master, manned with 32 men, named, to proceed on a fishing voyage to 
Newfoundland ; any of her men imprest to be forthwith discharged. 

Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Two pinnaces to 
be bought for defence of the island ; Will. Blufield and others com- 
missioned to purchase them in Holland. Lord Brooke desired to 
invite Lord Fourbez [Forbes], well qualified for government, to 
accept a proposition from the Company. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. III., p. 318.] 

84. Governor Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. In favour of 
Rich. Kemp, who in the late tumults, stood with an untainted zeal 
alone firm for the King's service ; he deserves a gracious encourage- 
ment, and there is no stipend nor fee as yet allowed, for any part of 
his public service. 

85. Rich. Kemp to Sec. Windebank. Found his entertainment on 
his arrival, much shortened of what his predecessors enjoyed, but 
the time was unseasonable to move for redress. Begs that he will 
present the inclosed petition to the King on his behalf. Next to 
the service of God, esteems that of His Majesty, the end of his 
being. Incloses, 

85. i. Petition of Rich. Kemp, Secretary in Virginia, to the 

King. Being forced to receive his entertainment and fees 
in tobacco, one half is lost to him through the difficulty 
of gathering in, &c. Is altogether deprived of 20 servants 
and cattle formerly allowed by the Company to the 
Secretary. Prays for a grant of a bill of store for the 
custom and impost of 20,000 Ib. of tobacco yearly, during 
the execution of his office. 

85. II. The Governor and Council of Virginia to the King. 
Certify to the truth of the above petition, the zeal and care 
of the petitioner, and that the perquisites of servants and 
cattle, of great profit when tobacco was worth 4s. per Ib., 
are quite extinguished. James City, 1637, Dec. 12. 


1638. VoL " IX ' 

Feb. 21. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Instructions to 
Brooke House. Blufield for buying two pinnaces in Holland prepared ; and warrants 
signed for that purpose, for better security against the Dunkirkers. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 318.] 

Feb. 26. 86. George Reade to his brother Robert Reade, secretary to Sec. 

James City. Wiudebank. Mr. Hawley has not proved the man he took him for, 

[Virginia,.] i iav j n g ne ither given any satisfaction for money received of him, nor 

brought him any servants. Geo. Menefie has arrived with a great 

many servants, but Hawley is away in Maryland. Acknowledges 

many favours from Governor Harvey and Sec. Kemp. 

March 1. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Proposals to 
Brooke House. Mr. Rogers, the minister, setting forth the situation, strength, 
fertility, and healthfulness of the island, and offering encouragements 
for him to settle there. That men of quality will be admitted to 
places of council and magistracy ; that every man transporting him- 
self and family with six men servants shall be a freeholder, have 
land assigned to him, and a voice in choosing the government and 
making laws ; that they shall name their own ministers, and have 
the ordering of all Church affairs, &c. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 

in, P . 3i9.j 

March 3. Minutes as above. Means of carrying on business. To 
Brooke House, petition the King for certain privileges. Similar commission to the 
Earl of Warwick's, but with additions. Allowance of 6,000. per 
annum out of the imports and exports from the island. Liberty 
to transport goods from thence out of England. Customs to be 
stinted from time to time. No Admiralty dues for prize goods. 
Licence to receive ten lasts of powder from the King's stores yearly, 
at the old rate. " That His Maj*y will countenance any of the 
Company or other persons of quality that shall go to the island in 
their own person to settle things there." Proposals of Mr. Donirig- 
ton to send over men to procure ores ; he finds specimens very 
rich. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 319-20.] 

March 6. Minutes as above. Purchase of a ship capable of carrying 150 
Brooke House. m en. Wil. Woodcock to provide 150 men by the end of March. 
2,500. to be procured before the Company engage themselves and fit 
commanders are decided upon to accompany the men. Capt. Axe to 
be nominated, who is desired to stay in the island until things are 
settled ; a course to be taken for securing the Company's debts, 
particularly from the Earl of Warwick ; and the rest of the Com- 
pany treated with, for continuing the former order nine years, the 
undertakers having disbursed about 10,000?., and sent 300 out of 
the 500 men. [Colonial Entry Bk., VoL III., pp. 320-21.] 

March 7. Minutes as above. Capt. Axe's account of Providence. The 
island mountainous, " the valleys clay," the grass being much over- 
spread, and growing a finger's length in a night. The Spaniards 
value not the island, but look upon it as very offensive, and in four 
days may provide good strength to assault it. Very strong in 


1638. VoL ' 1X ' 

defence. Will maintain 1,500 men, if kept only for provisions. 
Great store of hogs. Corn will not keep above four months. Cattle 
thrives, and all poultry but turkeys. Fruit. Describes the Cape 
[Gratia de Dios]. As fair sugar canes as any in the world. The only 
clothes requisite are linen, shoes, and hats. The Indians number 
about 300 in 300 miles. The same privileges to be continued to the 
undertakers, and three years to be added to those that remain. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 321-22.] 

March 8. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Capt. Butler to be 

Brooke House. Governor of the island if he will accept it ; Capt. Axe to have 

command of one of the pinnaces, and Capt. Bardsey of another. 

Charges of the voyage. Mr. Tinge treated with about the hire of the 

Expedition. {Colonial Entry Bk., VoL III., pp. 322-23.] 

March 9. Minutes as above. Consideration of the difficulties of raising the 

Brooke House, money necessary for setting out the pinnaces and 1 50 men. The 

pinnaces only to be dispatched with 100 men ; Capt. Axe desired to 

search the river for pinnaces fit for the service. [Colonial Entry 

Bk., Vol. III., pp. 323-24.] 

March 10. Minutes as above. Receiving encouragement in experiments with 

Brooke House, ores made by Mr. Donington, articles are agreed on with Mr. Tinge 

for hiring his ship to take over 150 passengers. Commission for 

prizes to be granted to the master of the Expedition, upon certain 

conditions. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 324.] 

March 13. Minutes as above. Concerning the taking up 150 men by the 

Brooke House. 29th inst. In the bill of provision these items appear : 200 doz. 

shoes, 100 doz. shirts, 100 doz. linen suits, and 60 doz. stockings. 

The order for nine years is debated, but the confirmation deferred. 

[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., p. 324.] 

March ? 87. Petition of Cecil Lord Baltimore to the King. Desirous to 
plant an English colony in some part of Virginia, the King granted 
him a patent for Maryland. Sets forth the proceedings of Claybourne 
and others against it by petition in May 1633, and the order of the 
Privy Council of 3 July following, upon which the petitioner 
planted divers colonies at great charges to the benefit and security 
of the inhabitants of Virginia. But Claybourne has endeavoured 
since, by many unlawful ways, to destroy those plantations, and now 
whilst a prisoner, for contempt of the Government of Virginia, has 
obtained a reference for granting some part of the petitioner's 
country to him, and for examination into some pretended wrongs. 
Seeing that his patent has passed so many trials, and that he hath 
expended a great part of his estate in planting that country, prays 
that the above order to leave the petitioner to his right, and Clay- 
bourne to the course of law, may be confirmed, and the reference 
upon Claybourne's petition revoked. That no grant may be allowed 
to pass to him, or any other, of part of the petitioner's country, 
and that an examination into Claybourne's pretended wrongs, may 




March 16. 
Brooke House. 

March 17. 

March 17. 



be referred to the Governor and Council of Virginia, when it will 
appear that Claybourne and his servants are guilty of piracy and 

Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Agreement concluded 
with Mr. Donington ; ordered to be engrossed. 

Agreement with Mr. Tinge sealed. Adventurers in the new stock 
to bear each his proportion of what is due. [Colonial Entry Bk. } 
Vol. IIL, p. 325.] 

88. [William Lord Maynard] to Archbishop Laud. Mr. Nevill 
^has already told him of the intention of divers clothiers of great 
trading to go suddenly into New England. Hears daily of incredible 
numbers of persons of very good abilities who have sold their lands, 
and are upon their departure thence. Danger of divers parishes 
being impoverished. So much corn carried over that there will 
hardly be enough left in this great scarcity, to last until harvest. Is 
informed there are 14 ships in the Thames to be ready for that 
voyage by Easter day. 

March 20. 89. Jerome Hawley to Sec. Windebank. The Assembly met on 
James Town, the 20th Feb., and after a month's debating came to a resolution 

to reform the abuses in tobacco, from which he presumes great good. 

Far greater quantities of tobacco come from the Caribbee Islands, 

whence the like conformity should be gotten. 


March 20. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Bonds sealed. Order 
Brooke House, concerning the nine years agreed on. In confidence of some 
members of the Company going over, 6,000?., new adventure, is 
underwritten ; Earl of Warwick, Lords Mandeville and Say, and 
John Pym, 1,000?. each, and Lord Brooke 2,0007. Mr. Donington's 
articles for sending over two provers sealed. Robt. Littleboy 
promised a free passage in the next ship, and liberty to dispose of 
himself as a free man. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 325-28.] 

March 22. 90. Gov. Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. An Act of 

Virginia. Assembly has been past for regulating tobacco, both in quality and 

quantity ; "the contract sticks still ; " finds no inclination to 

embrace it in the colon}'; afraid of being reduced to the hard 

condition of the Bermudas. 

March 22. Minute of the late Council for New England. Grant to Edward 
Lord Gorges' Godfrey and others, of Dec. 2, 1631, to be renewed. [Colonial 
. Correspondence, 1631, Nov. 4, p. 38.] 

March 23. 91. Dr. Edward Stanley to Ed. Nicholas. Is earnestly solicited 
by John Osgood to write to him for a pass for New England. 
Would not hinder Osgood in his journey, though maybe he that 
should do so would be his best friend. The bearer will pay any 
money due for this business. Endorsed by Nicholas, "Mr. D. 
Stanley, schoolmaster of Winton." 


1638. VOL. IX. 

March 24. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Capt. Underbill 
Brooke House, entertained in the Company's service, on condition of a free passage 
for himself and servant, allowance of 100., and victuals provided 
for one year. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 328-29.] 

March 26. Minutes as above. Capt. Butler to have a salary of 801. per ann., 
Brooke House. i n lieu of 20 men in the island. Jo. Briggam offers with 20 men, to 

raise provisions for the maintenance of 200 persons. Capt. Axe 

declares, that he will have nothing to do [in the island] with Capt. 

Elfrith ; the latter to be recalled, and his employments disposed of. 

[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 329.] 

March 27. 92. Wil. Hapgood to Wil. Wat kins. Entreats him to procure 
with all convenient expedition, a protection for the master and 
company of the Charity, of Southampton, ready for a fishing 
voyage to Newfoundland; 20 persons are named. 

March 29. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. Lord Brooke re- 
Brooke House, quested to inspect the ship, which Capt. Butler conceives unfit for 
transportation of so many men. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 329.] 

March 31. Minute as above. Bond sealed for payment of 624?. to Hugh 
Brooke House. Hubbert, gent. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 330.] 

March? 93. Contents of the will of Sir Nathaniel Rich, concerning his 
bequest to Thos. Grymesditch, of seven shares in the Somers Islands 
Company, on condition of residing there with his family within one 
year; also the King's letter excusing Grymesditch from doing so, 
by reason of his continual attendance on His Majesty, and the in- 
firmity of his wife. 

April 2. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Letters received 
Brooke House, from Capt. Newman by the Happy Return. Wil. Woodcock offers 
1,800. for the Company's part of her lading. Concerning Gab. 
Rudd, he having broke and gone away with 600, entrusted to 
him in Holland, for the purchase of two pinnaces, on the recommen- 
dation of Hen. Darley, Dep. Gov. of the Company. Upon con- 
sideration whether the Company might not recede from their 
engagement with Mr. Tinge, Lord Brooke protests that he will not 
exceed 2,000. for the present voyage. Liberty to Cornelius Wright, 
Hickman, and Jeremy Elfrith to come home. [Colonial Entry Bk.. 
Vol. III., p. 330.] 

April 4. 94. Report of the Lords Commissioners of Plantations. Upon peti- 
Whitehall. tion of Captain William Claybourne, on behalf of himself and partners, 
for confirmation, under the Great Seal, of the King's commission and 
letter for the quiet possession and government of the isle of Kent, 
in Chesapeak Bay, discovered and planted by them, and of which 
Lord Baltimore now seeks to dispossess them ; declaring the right 
and title, in consideration of a former order of 1633, July 3 [see 
ante, p. 169, No. 76], to be absolutely with Lord Baltimore; no 





April 4. 


April G. 

grant or such places to pass to Claybourne ; the violences complained 
of, to be left to the ordinary course of justice. 

95. Another copy of the preceding. 

Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. John Arrat, carpenter, 
his wife and child, Robt. Abell, John Clerke, Edm. Fole, and Peter 
Talbot, sawyer, who were going to New England, declare their 
willingness to go to Providence ; conditions. Propositions of Capt. 
Axe ; 900. to be sent to Holland for the purchase of two pinnaces. 
Finance. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 331.] 

April 6. 96. Richard Kemp, Sec. of Virginia, to Sec. Windebank. Sends 
Point Comfort papers concerning the contract for tobacco. Does not think it will 

[V irgimaj. eyer eome j n ^ e f ec t l) jf it depends upon the yielding of an Assembly. 
People of late are more given to afiect good buildings ; scarce any 
inhabitant but hath his garden and orchard planted ; most endea- 
vour the raising of stocks of cattle or hogs ; the savages ever awake 
to do them injuries in the streightest times of peace. Of hundreds 
of people, who arrive in the colony yearly, scarce any but are 
brought in as merchandise to make sale of, nor can the planters 
generally better provide, when this year they cannot promise to 
themselves ability to purchase a servant next year, nor until their 
crops of tobacco be taken down. Incloses, 

96. I. The King's propositions to the Assembly of Virginia. Con- 
cerning a contract for tobacco, the excessive demands of 
merchants for their commodities, and the quantity of 
farthing tokens required for the province. 

96. II. The first answer of the Burgesses of Virginia to the King's 

96. in. Reply of the Governor and Council of Virginia to the 
answer of the Burgesses. 

96. IV. Answer of the Burgesses of Virginia to the second reply 
of the Governor and Council. 

96. v. The last ansiver of the Burgesses to the King's commands. 

April 10. 97. Rich. Kemp, Sec. of Virginia, to Robt. Reade, secretary to Sec. 

James City. Windebank. A levy has been raised according to instructions, upon 
all tobacco in the colony for repair of the Fort at Point Comfort 
and building a state house at James City, part of which tobacco is 
sent to England by the bearer Geo. Meriefie to sell, and with the 
proceeds to send over workmen to accomplish those public works. 
Has received orders from the Governor and Council of Virginia to 
inclose a petition which they desire may be presented to the King. 

1 638 ? 98. Review of the old Acts of Assembly of Virginia ; also abstract 
of certain laws conceived by the Governor and Council fit to be 
enacted. Orders concerning Church government to be reduced into an 
Act. Former Acts concerning ministers, their tithes and duties, to 
be confirmed. Acts pf 20 Feb. 1635, for restraining excessive pur- 


1G38. VoL ' IX - 

chase of wines to be revived ; and of 4 Sept. I 632 for inclosing ground 
to be considered. Running away to the Indians, or trading with them 
without licence to be made felony. Constables to be established to 
prevent disorders and abuses. Taking away goods attached for debt 
to be made felony. Acts to be passed for laying out ground for 
merchants, handicraftsmen, and tradesmen in James Island ; for 
planting vines, mulberry trees, and apple and pear slips ; and also 
hemp, flax, and other staple commodities. Against exporting cattle 
from the colony. [Copy, certified by Rich. Kemp, Secretary^} 

April 12. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Wil. Woodcock, 
Brooke House. Capt. Hastier, and Lieut. Powell, ordered to attend, to answer com- 
plaints in a petition of the seamen of the Happy Return. Capt. 
Thos. Scott entertained in the Company's service ; to be Capt. of 
Fort Henry, have command of the regiment on the western 
side of the island, and be of the Council of War, &c. : John Forster 
to be his ensign. Valentine Holland and three others ordered 
to Holland to assist in bringing home the pinnaces. Mr. Saunders 
treated with as minister. Wil. Woodcock agrees to give 2,000?. 
for a portion of goods brought home in the Happy Return. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 331-32.] 

April 14. Minutes as above. Complaints in the seamen's petition. Mr. 

Brooke House. Tinge's insurance for 400Z., in case the Expedition should miscarry 

in her voyage to Providence, ordered to be taken in the name of 

Wil. Jessop, Secretary to the Company. [Colonial Entry Bk., 

Vol. III., p. 333.] 

April 16. Minutes as above. Heads of letters to Capt. Elfrith agreed on. 
Brooke House. Capt. Butler to be Governor and Admiral of the island. John 
Peck entertained as purser under Capt. Axe, or in any other service 
in Providence. Capt. Bell's cattle in the island to be bought for 
the Company. Capt. Scott, accused of drunkenness and other 
misdemeanors, discharged from the Company's service. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 333-34.] 

ApriL The Company of Providence Island to Mr. Sherhard. Have re- 

London, ceived his letter and are sensible of the burden that he has under- 
gone. Mr. Ward now sent over, whose assistance in the ministry, 
it is hoped will be comfortable to him and the colony. Are content 
to raise his salary to 601. per annum. Send him two servants with 
clothes proportionable. Cannot do as they would in matter of 
recompense by reason of their great charges and losses. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 117.] 

April 16. Commission from the Company of Providence Island, appointing 
Capt. Nat. Butler, Hen. Halhead, Sam. Rishworth, and Elisha 
Gladman to examine Rich. Lane concerning the employment of a 
magazine of goods of large value committed to him by Lord Brooke 
of which no account has been given, with authority to seize his 
goods, servants, plantations, and debts in case he has been negligent 
or unfaithful. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 117.] 



[April 16.] Petition of George Griffith, merchant, to the King. Sets forth 
his great loss by sending men to the River Amazon, and planting on 
the coast of Guiana, through the Portuguese and the treachery of the 
natives ; and that the Dutch are likely to gain Brazil and parts ad- 
jacent, by which a great revenue in customs will be lost. The 
King's subjects were the first Christians who ever planted the 
Amazon ; the old Company does nothing therein ; is assured that 
no design is so hopeful. Prays for some speedy course to be taken 
to encourage adventurers to underwrite, that English subjects may 
be planted there before the Dutch or any other nation. With refer- 
ence to the Lords Commissioners for Foreign Plantations to order 
what is fit for the King's service. Whitehall, 1638, April 16. 
[DOMESTIC Gar. L, Entry Bk., Petitions, 1636-38, p. 272.] 

April 17. Articles of agreement between the Company of Providence 
Island and Capt. Nath. Butler, appointed Governor and Admiral. 
To be allowed QQl. 13s. ^d. per annum, and twelve servants, in- 
cluding three negroes. To have the use of the cattle left by Capt. 
Bell, if found to belong to the Company. After deduction of the 
Company's one-fifth of all prizes, to receive 1 per cent, of the re- 
mainder. To be brought home at the Company's charge, whenever 
he desires to return to England, and to be allowed SOL in hand. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 118.] 

April 18. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Capts. Butler 
Brooke House. an d Axe desired to examine the provisions on board the Ex- 
pedition "in regard the lives of the persons now sent do principally 
depend upon the goodness and quantity of the victuals provided for 
them." Payments ordered to be made to Capt. Rous, Ensigii 
Fitch, and Mr. Rishworth. Elisha Gladman appointed clerk of 
the stores and one of the Council of the island, and to have eight 
servants transported at the Company's charge. Mr. Coleborne 
entertained for the voyage, to be employed as a " Lieut, of some 
sort in the island." [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 334.] 

April 20. Minutes as above. Capt Axe to be paid what is due for his 
Brooke House, plantation from his brother ; articles agreed on with him. He is 
appointed commander of the greater pinnace, the Swallow ; Capt. 
Parker commander of the lesser, the Spy. Lord Brooke not to be 
pressed to exceed 2,OOOZ. Oath agreed on, for the Governor and 
Council of Providence, administered to Capt. Butler, to be transmitted 
thence. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 335.J 

.A pril 23 ? Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Nath. Butler, appointing him Governor. [Minute, '' in the same 
form as formerly granted to Capt. Hunt," see ante, p. 227. 
Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 118.] 

April 23. Commission appointing Capt. Butler Admiral of the Island of 
Providence. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 119.] 

April 23. Commission to Capt. Butler for government of passengers in the 
Expedition, bound to Providence Island. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IV., p. 119.] 


1638. VoL ' IX " 

April 23. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 
London. Have received their letter of 27 July last. Send a good supply of 
men. Are sorry for the scarcity that befell the island ; suspect want 
of industry to have been the cause. Every man to plant a certain 
proportion of provisions, including oranges, lemons, and other fruits. 
The terms of halves from the planters are " discharged," the Com- 
pany expecting only 20 Ib. of tobacco per head. Every family to 
plant at least 150 Ib. of tobacco per head yearly, or cotton in pro- 
portion. Prohibit the desertion of old plantations, especially about 
New Westminster, near the harbour, and Warwick Fort. The 
bounds of each to be settled, for which leases are promised. Em- 
ployers of labourers on the public works. Negroes to be chiefly 
employed in that service. Sale of servants reproved. Council of War 
to be established. Benefit of prizes to the planters. Recommend fair 
means being used to bring in those negroes who still stand out, " their 
submission to be received courteously." Against partiality. Capt. 
Newman's imprisonment. The storekeeper discharged, and Barton 
and Woolsey appointed. No unnecessary officer to be appointed. 
No man under the degree of Councillor to be exempt from 
serving as a juror. Concerning 5 per cent, for the sale of planta- 
tions. Public instructions to be published. Recommend Capt. 
Butler, now sent over Governor, to their " acceptance and respect." 
A government house to be erected with convenient speed. In case 
of Capt. Butler's death, Capt. Hunt to continue Governor ; he is ap- 
pointed Commander of the Black Rock, Capt. Elfrith having 
requested liberty to come home. Recommend John Ward, a minis- 
ter, to their esteem. Reasons for restoring Mr. Rish worth to the 
Council. Sam. Rish worth, his son, to be Clerk of the Council. 
Elisha Gladman to be also admitted of the Council. A large maga- 
zine of clothes, provisions, and arms sent over ; also a good 
number of servants. Distribution. Directions for clerks of the 
stores. Glad to hear of the increase of cattle. Iron and steel has 
been shipped for their use ; will consider about supply of bricks. 
Concerning Capt. Rous' plantation, goods left by Messrs. Floud 
and Johnson and Chas. Wettenhall's debts. John Baynes' account 
for ordnance carriages. Ph. Trippett's servants. Capt. Bell at 
liberty to sell his plantation and cattle, and to transport his wife 
from the island, " together with his Indian woman," and his 
negroes. Two weavers and a woman that spins cotton go over 
under Mr. Rishworth's care. Hope a way may be discovered to 
procure clothing out of the native commodities of the island. Strict 
inquiry to be made into the state of the plantation formerly belong- 
ing to Capt. Axe. Capt. Elfrith may bring his wife and negroes 
away. Employment of negroes on the public works. John Arratt, 
a carpenter, and family, go by this ship, the Expedition ; his agree- 
ment. Capt. Butler has taken his oath ; that for the Council is 
written at length. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 114-17.] 

April 23. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Nath. Butler, Governor. Mr. Tinge's articles to be fully performed. 
Power to take Spanish prizes. Directions for their disposal. Limi- 
tation of command of the Expedition. Immediately upon his 



arrival to read his commission. To look after the fortifications and 
training of the men. Distribution of servants. To buy 100 negroes 
for the public works. Liberty to trade with Dutch vessels. No 
hostility to be attempted by the island, until well secured. A strong 
prison to be speedily erected for Spanish prisoners. Respect to be 
shown to the captains of the Company's men-of-war. Military 
provisions delivered to Elisha Gladman. A powder house to be built. 
To examine, with Gladman, into Capt. Elfrith's complaints. To 
treat with a German [Van Botten is named in the margin] at Provi- 
dence, who professes much skill in fortifications ; power to employ 
and reward him. Lieut. Coleborne recommended for employment 
as Lieut, of one of the chief forts. In case Providence is taken, to 
set down the men at Cape Gratia de Dios, where the servants are 
to be employed in clearing Camock's flax, and procuring other com- 
modities. Offensive carriage towards the Indians to be restrained. 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. IV., pp. 119-21.] 

April 23 ? Instructions for Thos. Clerk, master of the Expedition, bound to 
Providence. Chiefly in reference to the taking and disposal of 
Spanish prizes. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 121-22.] 

April 23. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Elfrith. Have re- 
London, ceived his letters, and consent to his leaving the island. Freely 
discharge him from his command of the Black Rock, the place of 
Admiral, and his other employments. Being unable to depend upon 
him, these appointments have been conferred upon others. Refer 
his complaints to Capt. Butler, the Governor, and Elisha Gladman. 
Liberty to bring home his wife, and in case his debts are paid, as 
many negroes as properly belong to him. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IV., p. 122.] 

[April 23.] List of persons to whom servants were assigned in Providence 
Island by the Expedition ; the number of servants follows 
each name. There are 33 passengers, including Capt. Butler and 
planters, to whom 131 servants are assigned. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., p. 122.] 

April 24. 99. List of the names of 1 1 passengers intended for New Eng- 
Southampton. land, in the Confidence of London, of 200 tons, John Jobson, 

master. Made by virtue of the Lord Treasurer's warrant of 

11 April 1638. 

April 25. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Mrs. Ward being 

Brooke House, solicitous for her husband's release from " this voy&ge," letter to 

be written to Capt. Butler. Complaints of the seamen of the 

Happy Return answered by Capt. Hastier and Lieut. Powell. 

[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 335-36.] 

April 30. Minutes as above. Concerning the hire of the Mary Hope, and 
Brooke House, propositions by Mr. Dike. Certain payments ordered to the seamen 
of the Happy Return. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 336.] 

April? 100. Remonstrance of divers of the principal planters in Virginia 
and others that have long continued in that plantation, touching the 



JG38. Vox, IX. 

contract, proposed by Lord Goring and others, the King's agents for 
the regulation of tobacco. 

May 2. 101. Sir John Oglander to Archbishop Laud. In obedience to 

Insuiavectis ])i s letter of 17 April, sends certificate of provisions which were 

lg *' found, after a diligent search, prepared to be transported to New 

England, and of which he has made stay. Requests further 

directions. Incloses, 

101. i. Return by James Alexander, constable, of provisions 
found in the houses of John Dummer of Swathling for 
his son Thomas Dummer, going to New England; of 
Thomas Dummer of Chickenwell, for his toother Richard 
Diimmer going thence, and of Stephen Dummer of 
Townehill for himself, ^vife and children, all going to 
New England. Southampton, 1638, April 25. 

May 3. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. Election of officers 
Brooke House, deferred, because of the paucity of "adventurers present ; in the 
mean time the patent to be read, and the time of election con- 
sidered. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., p. 337.] 

May 4. Minutes as above. Letters read from Capt. Butler from the 
Brooke House. Downs. A surgeon's chest and other supplies ordered in conse- 
quence, to be sent by the next ship. Agreement with Lieut. Wil. 
Woodcock. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., p. 337.] 

1 02. Order of the Privy Council, of reference to the agents for 
tobacco, upon petition of the planters of Virginia complaining of a 
prohibition of trade, except to some particular men there, and 
praying to be left to a free trade upon payment of customs as 

Notes by Nicholas of proceedings in the Star Chamber. Order to 
the Guinea Company to stay the English men and ships until they 
give bond not to go to Guinea without leave of the Board ; Mr. 
Secretary to represent this to the King. [Extract from Note Boole, 
1638, May. DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

103. Warrant to the Marshal of the Admiralty to stay the Star 
of London and other ships set forth by Maurice Thompson, Oliver 
Clobery, Oliver Read, George Lewine, and others, for trade to 
Guinea and Binney, contrary to the patent granted to the Company. 
[Draft, with corrections.] 

Order of the Privy Council. Maurice Thompson, Oliver Cloberj', 
and Oliver Read, of London, merchants, and George Lewine, of 
Redriffe [Rotherhithe], mariner, upon complaint of the Guinea 
merchants, to remain in the custody of a messenger till they be 
discharged. [Draft DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

May 8. 104). Jerome Hawley to Sec. Windebank. Arrival of a Dutch ship 

James Town, with commission from the young Queen of Sweden, which with 

Virginia. ano t,her vessel, was bound for Delaware Bay, where they pretend to 


May 4. 

May 4. 

Inner Star 

May 5. 


May G. 


1688. Vo1 " IX ' 

make a plantation and plant tobacco as the Dutch have already done 
in Hudson's River. Thinks they should be removed and prevented 
from seating upon the King's territories, and suggests that it might 
be done by means of some English trading vessels. The King's 
revenue from the colony will serve to defray the Governor's pension 
of 1,000. per annum. Complains that he has not yet made the value 
of 51. towards his charges. Endorsed, " Rec. 26 July." Incloses, 

104. I. Draft^ of warrant for settlement of the fees of Jerome 
Hawley as Treasurer of Virginia, for which he desires 
Sec. Windebank will move the King. [In Hawley 's hand.] 

May 8. 105. Lord Goring, Abrah. Dawes, Jo. Jacob, and Edmond Peisley, 
Commissioners for tobacco, to the Privy Council. Report upon 
petition of the planters of Virginia. The price offered for their 
tobacco far exceeds other times ; believe that few of the planters 
will justify the petitioners' complaint. Desire that those planters 
who are grieved may make themselves known. 

May? 106. Petition of Ed. Agard, Jo. Trussell, Jo. Roberts, and Wm. 

Gibson, for themselves and many thousand distressed planters in 
Virginia, to the Privy Council. Have attended Lord Goring, 
according to directions, who answers he will not meddle, and " com- 
mands them to proceed, &c." Pray that the King's loss in customs, 
and the miseries occasioned by the patent, excluding the utterance of 
tobacco imported, may be taken into consideration and relief 
afforded them. 

May 8. Minute of a Court for Providence Island. John Pym chosen 
Brooke House. Deputy Governor of the Company, and the oath written at length, 
administered. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 838.] 

May 10. 107. Pass for Thomas Hawkins of Whitechapel, carpenter, to go 
to New England. Signed by six of the Privy Council. 

May 14. 108. Warrant to the Marshal of the Admiralty for discharge of the 
Star of London with all the men and goods belonging to her, that 
she may proceed in her intended voyage [to Guinea and Binney]. 
[See ante, No. 103.] 

May 16. 109. Jerome Hawley to Robert Reade. Concerning some difference 
James Town, j n accounts between them : has referred it to Mr. Kemp the 
Virginia - Secretary. 

May 17. 110. Jerome Hawley to Robt. Reade. Account of the whole 

James Town, business touching his brother's affairs in the colony, and the 

Virginia, mone y received for disbursements on his account. Since his brother's 

arrival in the colony he has lived in the Governor's 'house, and wants 

for nothing. Will not fail to do him all the service he is able. 

Disputes between Mr. Kemp and himself concerning precedency, &c. 

Proceedings touching Lord Goring and the tobacco business. 

May 25. 111. Examination of Nicholas Trevyse of Wapping, mariner, 
before Attorney Gen. Bankes. Was to go master of the Planter to 


1638. VOL. IX. 

New England with about 180 passengers ; Maurice Thompson, Mr. 
Foot, and others, being partners with him. Received about 49 3. in 
gold from one Hybbins or Libbins, to siipply the wants of the 
passengers, but gave neither bond nor bill, nor paid duty for shipping 
it ; knows not where to find Hybbins or Libbins. 

May 30. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The King having 
Brooke House, granted Capt. Bell's petition for referring his difference with the 
Company to the Lord Keeper, answer to his demands ordered to 
be delivered. Letters read from Capt. Newman. Finance. Heads 
of letters and instructions agreed on for the voyage of the two 
pinnaces. [Colonial Entry Bh, Vol. III., p. 338.] 

[May.] 112. List of the names of 61 passengers intended to ship 
themselves for New England in the Bevis of Hampton, of 150 tons, 
Robt. Batten, master, by virtue of the Lord Treasurer's warrant 
of 2 M ay, which was after the restraint, and they had been some days 
gone to sea before the King's proclamation arrived at Southampton. 

1638? 113. Proposals for establishing a post office in New England, "so 

useful and absolutely necessary," and allowing 2d. per letter the least 
coin there ; the King to grant a patent for 60 years. Also for keeping 
a register of all persons going to, or coming from New England, every 
passenger to be provided with a ticket at the charge of Is., as at 
Barbadoes, where 3s. is paid. The profits of both offices would not 
exceed 121. or 14. per annum. Endorsed, " Mr. Battem." 

1638 ? 114. Discovery by Archibald Henderson, merchant, of the profits 

and advantages that may arise to England from the trade of the 
plantations in America. Reasons why customs should be imposed 
upon the produce of New England, where 100 vessels are engaged 
in trading with foreign countries in commodities required in 

June 6. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Allowance to the 
Brooke House. w ife of Mat. Harbottle, master of the Spy. John Peck admitted 
one of the clerks of the stores in the island. Capt. Bell's request 
to see the letters he had formerly written from Providence refused, 
" for that they be the Company's own evidences" in the matter 
before the Lord Keeper. Order concerning the payment of the 
seamen's wages of the Happy Return. Proposition of Wil. Clay- 
bourne ; agreement that he and his associates shall have a grant of 
incorporation for settlement of an island by them discovered, within 
the Company's patent, to be called Rich Island, in honour of the 
Earl of Holland. Conditions. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 339-40.] 

\ June 10. Minutes as above. The Earl of Warwick, Lord Mandeville, and 

Brooke House. Wil. Woodcock, declare they will share the charge of sending 200 

men to Providence in exchange for negroes. Conditions for the 

purchase by W. Woodcock of the Company's goods in the Mary 

Hope. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 340-41.] 

s 2 



June 1 2. Petition of Sir John Harvey, Governor of Virginia, to the King. 
The colony in great want of arms and ammunition, and the 
merchants very unwilling to provide them. An allowance of 1,000. 
per annum from customs of goods imported from Virginia was 
granted to him, but is in arrear four years. Prays for warrant to 
the officers of ordnance to deliver to the petitioner 150 barrels of 
powder and 1,000 muskets out of the Tower, at the usual prices 
paid by the King, and that the amount may be deducted out of the 
arrears of 4,000. due to him. With reference to the Lord Treasurer 
and Lord Cottington, to certify their opinions, upon which the 
King will declare his further pleasure. Greenwich, 1638, June 12. 
[DOMESTIC Car. L, Entry Bk., Petitions, 1C3G-38, p. 310.] 

June 16. Articles of agreement between the Company of Providence 

Brooke House. Island and Nath. Mars ton. He undertakes the place of surgeon in the 

Swallow, bound thither, at a salary of 30. per annum. After his 

arrival, when Capt. Axe employs the pinnace for prizes, to go upon 

shares. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 134.] 

June 18. Articles of agreement between the Company of Providence Island 
Brooke House. anc l John Peck, appointed clerk of the stores in Providence. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 134.] 

June 18. Articles of agreement between the Company of Providence 

Brooke House. Island and Capt. Wil. Woodcock, appointed Lieut, to Capt. Butler, 

the Governor-General there. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 135.] 

June 19. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Concerning the raising 
Brooke House, of money due for 18 months' hire of the Mary Hope, now returned. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p, 341.] 

June? 115. [Sir Ferdinando Gorges] to [the Privy Council]. Desires 

that the general restraint against the transportation of people to 
the foreign plantations may be limited to such only as are factiously 
or schismatically inclined, and who principally go to the Massachu- 
setts Bay to strengthen that place, and assure their own ends. 

June 20. 116. Sir Ferdinando Gorges to [Sec. Wind ebank]. Reasons to prove 
the consequence of maintaining and supporting foreign plantations, 
with marginal remarks [in inverted commas] in Lord Cottington's 
hand. Points out that the Romans, Spaniards, &c. by these means, 
increased their territories. " Romans, Spanish, and Dutch did and 
do conquer, not plant tobacco and Puritanism only, like fools/' 
Replies to objections against these designs, on seditious and schismati- 
cal grounds, and sets forth the honour the King is like to receive. 
" What honor, if no profit, but extreme scandal to the whole Christian 
world." Refers to the multitude of people going over and taking 
provisions and corn with them, but adds, the poorer sort always go 
provided only for the time of their voyage. " If they had stayed at 
home they would have labored in the Commonwealth for their 
sustenance, now we must labor for them." Means by which the 
refractory may be drawn to submit to a general Governor. 



June 27. 
Mr. Pym's 


June 28. 


July 2. 
July 2. 

July 2. 

July 2. 


July 3. 



Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. State of 
accounts between the Company and Wil. Woodcock on the voyages 
of the Mary Hope and the Happy Return. [Colonial Entry 13k., 
Vol. IIL, pp. 341-42.] 

J 17. William Clobery to Sec. Coke. Complaining of wrongs 
and oppressions which he and his partners suffer from Lord Balti- 
more's people in Maryland, who have wholly ruinated their planta- 
tations. The Earl of Stirling will join his mediation with the 
King for their relief. 

Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Sam. Axe, appointing him Vice-Admiral during pleasure. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 131.] 

Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Butler, Governor, Capt. Sam. Axe, and ElishaGladrnan, for examina- 
tion and redress of complaints and abuses made in divers letters from 
the planters and inhabitants of the island. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., p. 127.] 

Commission from the Company of Providence Island. The King 
having permitted the Company to right themselves in hostile 
manner in the West Indies, upon the ships and goods of Spanish 
subjects, Capts. Nat. Butler, Robt. Hunt, Sam. Axe, and And. 
Carter are appointed a Council of War for all matters concerning 
military affairs in the island. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., 
pp. 128-29.] 

118. Warrant for John Burnett of Aberdeen, the sole merchant 
of Scotland, who hath supplied the plantation of Virginia, "and 
become our tenant there/' and his factors, to have free commerce 
with that colony. [Copy.'] 

The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Council. 
Have received their letter of 27th Dec., with others from the 
inhabitants. Are very sensible of the want of ministers, who have 
been discouraged by the planters not contributing to their mainte- 
nance. Hope to send two by the next ship. Complaint of the 
discontinuance of magazines answered. Leave to trade with the 
Dutch. Instructions restraining men from leaving Providence 
interpreted ; " we never intending to make the island a prison to 
any men." A council house to be built ; cannot as yet send tiles and 
bricks. Capts. Axe and Carter appointed Councillors. The former 
Marshal was found fault with as a condemned man, but beinnr 

* O 

pardoned, he may be continued in that place. Directions for pre- 
venting disorders by removing from old plantations. Cotton to 
be chiefly regarded, as more valuable than tobacco ; also stores of 
oranges and lemons to be planted. A Council of War established. 
Dislike of Capt. Newman's permitting the Spaniards to view " the 
passages" [of the island]. Have endeavoured to furnish gunners. 
John Seberry to be encouraged to remain. Agreement with the 
armourer to be performed. Persons running away from the island 
to be punished by the Council of War. Taking in of negroes 
excused. Danger of too great a number. Hope shortly to send 



200 English to be exchanged for as many negroes. To two English 
men in a family, one negro may be received and no more, for whom 
40 Ibs [of tobacco] per head is to be paid. Reasons. Negroes to con- 
tribute a double proportion to the works. Special care to be taken of 
the " Cannibal negroes brought from New England." Buying negroes 
from the Dutch. Liberty to purchase them under certain conditions. 
Difference with Capt. Newman about his negroes. Suspect the 
Governor and Council were too much swayed by " some by-ends." 
Glad that the island hath such store of provisions. Cows will 
speedily be brought there. Goods to be issued from the Company's 
stores for commodities ; poor families especially to be respected. 
Planting of cotton to be promoted, so that manufacturers may be 
set up in the island, and the colony in time furnished with clothing. 
The storehouse and bridge to be repaired. Messrs. Woolsey and 
Peck appointed clerks of the stores, in the room of Isaac Barton. 
Their duties. Public charges to be defrayed out of the revenue. Elisha 
Gladman, clerk of military and maritime stores. No cause for com- 
plaining of 25 percent, profit upon the sale of them. Former scarcity 
occasioned by the planters' negligence. Directions concerning Ralph 
Leicester, Geo. Hatterell, Will. Smith, the carpenter, and Randall 
Ince. Robt. Woodfall may leave the island if he wishes. Chas. Wetten- 
hall to be paid out of the tobacco, for keeping the fort. John Seberry's 
fine remitted, and his negroes and lands restored ; the transportation 
of his wife and children to Providence will be borne by the Com- 
pany, " he being a man useful in the island." If Peter Finchley 
will remain, he is to have the same allowance as other gunners. As a 
general rule, negroes not to be sold for more than they were purchased 
at. Commend Lieut. Brent's industry. Rich. Lane's services not 
thought worthy of much recompence. Law. Peterson has liberty to 
leave the island. Are ready to reward Wil. Stockdale's diligence in 
the advancement of Capt. Rudyerd's voyage. A plantation may be 
assigned to Jas. Smith, if he be a man of good government. Rice 
James and Wil. Painter to be encouraged to stay ; their wives will 
be sent over by the first opportunity. Hope of mines of good 
value in the island. Servants for Mr. Acton. Robert Davies and 
Nic. Hunter released from service, and at liberty to come home. 
Mr. Francis supplied with servants by Capt. Butler's ship. An 
armoury to be built. Servants for John Randall. John Chesly to 
be supplied, as soon as encouraged in the practice of surgery. Hope 
Phil. Trippett and Jo. Collins will continue in the island. Have 
sent Lieut. Adcock four servants. Others will be supplied as oppor- 
tunities arise. John Peck and Capt. Woodcock to be accommodated 
with lodgings and provisions until their servants arrive. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 123-25.] 

July 3. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Nat. Butler, Go- 
London, vernor. Hope he is well settled in the government. Directions 
concerning those who wish to leave the island. Intreat him to per- 
suade men to stay, by all means possible. Recommend sugar canes, 
oranges, lemons, pines, and other fruits, to be planted "for the 
comfort and refreshment of the colony." Have contracted with 



some merchants to deliver 200 English at Providence, and receive 
the same number of negroes in exchange. Liberty to purchase 
negroes from the Dutch. Every year English will be sent in 
exchange for them. A family of fourteen not to have above six 
negroes. The surplusage may be sold to the poor men who have 
served their apprenticeship. Those turbulent spirits who threatened 
the Governor for suspending his resolution about admitting more 
negroes into the island, to be banished. Hope by the next ship, to 
" make a certain and full supply " of ministers, knowing them to be 
of great importance for the contentment of the island. Mr. Sherhard 
to be encouraged by all possible means. Direct a survey of Cape 
Gratia de Dios. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 126.] 

July 3. The Company of Providence Island to Mr. Sherhard. Thanks 
London. for his pains and constancy. Have not yet been able to send a fur- 
ther supply of ministers. Hope he will still continue in the island, 
but will not press him, if his health compels his removal. Have 
recommended to the planters to increase his allowance, advanced 
him 20?. towards the discharge of his debts, and allowed him two 
negroes. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 127.] 

July 3. Instructions for Capt. Nat. Butler, Capt. Sam. Axe, and Elisha 
Gladman, Commissioners for examination of abuses and complaints 
in Providence Island. Concerning the accounts of the clerks of the 
stores ; excessive expenses of some families in riotous feasting ; 
Mr. Downes' estate ; goods delivered for public services ; difference 
between Capts. Hunt and Elfrith ; public works not paid for ; 
apportioning of plantations, particularly of Isaac Barton's ; a family 
of 14 not to have above 50 acres. Mrs. Bell's fine and negroes. 
John Seberry's grievances and bond to Capt. Bell. Phil. Trippett's 
fine. Mr. Downes' imprisonment. Matters at variance between 
Capt. Elfrith and Wil. Russell, concerning a piece of ground. Con- 
tract between Capt. Hunt and Wil. Scott, and the allowance due to 
the latter for his services as Secretary. Ensign Collins' allowance 
for tobacco. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 127-28.] 

July 3. Instructions for Capts. Nath. Butler, Robt. Hunt, and Sam. Axe. 
Concerning the " fyners or provers " of ore now sent to the Island of 
Providence, in the service of the Company of Adventurers for that 
plantation. To search in the most convenient places in the island, 
particularly where now or lately stood " Michael Archer's kitchen." 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. IV., p. 134.] 

July 3. Instructions for the Council of War for Providence Island. De- 
fence. Employment of public negroes. Liberty to set ships to sea, 
and appoint commanders for taking of Spanish prizes. Inventories 
of prize goods. Reservations for the Company. Employment of 
vessels taken by the Company's ships. Care of prisoners. A prison 
to be built. Respect to the captains of the Company's men-of-war. 
Elisha Gladman, clerk of the military stores. Treasures and jewels. 
Cattle from Hispaniola. Yearly returns of arms and ammunition. 
Military storehouses to be built. Certificates of seamen's behaviour. 
Authority to purchase negroes at 1501b. of tobacco per head. Their 



employment. Punishment for deserting the island. Instruction 
from gunners. Repressing mutinies. Especial recommendation 
of Lieut. Fitch. Employment for Ensign Collins. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 129-130.] 

July 3. Articles of agreement between the Company of Providence 
Island and Capt. Sam. Axe. To be Captain of Warwick Fort, 
appoint his own lieutenant, and have the free labour of four men. 
To be one of the Council of War, and of the Council for government 
of the plantations, which he may attend at his own convenience ; 
also Vice- Admiral, and have 1 per cent, of all prizes. To receive 
40. at once, and SQL per annum for two years, besides 1,200 wt. of 
tobacco annually. To have a plantation assigned to him, the use of 
the Company's negroes to clear it and build a house, and seven 
acres of land near Warwick Fort, and to be allowed one ton of freight 
for every year he remains in the Company's service. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. IV., p. 131.] 

July 3. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
Sam. Axe, captain of the Swallow, bound to the West Indies. Con- 
tract with the seamen. Passengers to be taken on board at Gravesend. 
To sail direct to Providence. Seizure of Spanish vessels in the West 
Indies. Inventories of prize goods. Disposal and examination of 
prisoners. Spanish pilots to be detained. Defence of the island if 
attacked. Conference with other commanders of ships. Prizes. 
Provisions. Negroes. Consortship with Dutch or English vessels. 
In case ore of value be discovered by the refiners, the Spy to 
be sent home with samples. Encouragement to stay abroad. Re- 
victualling of his pinnace. Charges. Spanish letters and instruc- 
tions to be opened and sent home. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., 
pp. 132-34.] 

July 3. Instructions for Capt. Nich. Parker, captain of the Spy, bound to 
the West Indies. Almost word for word the same as the above, 
with the exception of the last three articles but one, which refer ex- 
clusively to Capt. Axe. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV-, pp. 132-34.] 

July 4. 119. Report of Attorney General Sir John Bankes and R. Wan- 
derford, Attorney of the Court of Wards, to the Privy Council. The 
custody of any idiot in Virginia belongs to the King, and is in his 
disposal, according to the laws of England. 

July 14. 120. The King to Cecil Lord Baltimore. Has declared his plea- 
Greenwich. SU re that William Clobery, David Moorehead, and others, planters 
in Kentish island, should not be interfered with, but rather encou- 
raged in so good a work [see ante p. 191, No. 33]. The King under- 
stands that contrary to his pleasure, Lord Baltimore's agents have slain 
three persons, possessed themselves of the island by force, and seized 
the persons and estates of the planters. These disorders have been 
referred to the Commissioners for Plantations. He is therefore 
commanded to allow the planters and their agents to have free 
enjoyment of their possessions, without further trouble, until the 
cause is decided. 


1638. VOL ; IX ' 

July 15. 121. Report of the Sub committee for Foreign Plantations to the 
Privy Council. Upon petition of Capt. Sam. Mathews, late of the 
Council in Virginia, who complains of the unjust seizure, by order 
of Governor Harvey, and sequestration of his whole estate, " the best 
in that colony," during his absence ; declaring the proceedings of 
Thos. Hill, or any others there against Mathews unwarrantable, that 
they ought to be recalled and vacated, and express commands sent 
to the Governor and Council to cause their Lordships' former order 
of 25 May 1637 [see ante, p. 252, No. 53], to be put in execution. 

July 27. 122. Report of the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations to the 
Privy Council. Upon two petitions in the name of the planters and 
traders to Virginia. In the first, the petitioners complain of being 
compelled to unlade all their goods at James' Town only ; the Sub- 
committee report that no master of a ship should break bulk until 
he arrive at James Town, but as the public storehouse is gone to 
decay, the Governor, should be directed to deal with some private 
persons to build others, to be let out for that purpose. In the 
second, the petitioners complain of the imposition of a proportion of 
ammunition from every ship for public defence, of 6d. a head for 
every passenger taking the oaths of allegiance, and 2c?. for the 
registry of every hogshead of tobacco ; the Sub-committee report 
that the first imposition should not be discontinued, but that the 
others should be suspended for the Governor's answer. 

[July 29.] 123. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of John Wood- 
cock, of London, merchant, who sets forth that he has adventured 
the greatest part of his estate in Virginia, which he is in danger of 
losing through the death of his factors and some of his debtors; 
directing the Governor and Council of Virginia to be effectually 
assisting him in its discovery and speedy recovery. [Draft. On 
the endorsement Sec. Coke has written that the bearer was the party 
for whom he moved the Board for a letter to the Governor and 
Council of Virginia.] 

July. List of names of passengers bound to Providence Island in the 

Swallow and the Spy. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 135.] 

July? 124. Petition of Jas. Earl of Marlborough, His Majesty's ward, to 

the King. Recites petition of his father, Henry Earl of Marl- 
borough [see ante, p. 242, No. 32], and complains that his annuity is 
eleven years in arrears, and his estate in no way able to support his 
dignity. Frays that the present Earl of Carlisle may be commanded 
to satisfy the petitioner, and in case he refuse or delay to do so, that 
the King will grant letters to the Governors of St. Kitt's, Nevis, 
and Montserrat to permit the petitioner to seize goods there for 
satisfaction of his arrears. 

[Aug. 6.] 1 25. Petition of Elizabeth Cotterell, prisoner in the Marshalsea, 
to the King. Was convicted at the last verge, where she has been 
1 8 months, although reprieved eight months since ; is desirous of 
being transported to Virginia. Prays that the King will sign the 
inclosed warrant. Incloses, 



125. i. Warrant to Sir Edmond Verney, Keeper of the Marshalsea, 
for delivery of Elizabeth Cotterell to William Fleming, 
sadler, to be transported to Virginia. Oatlands, 1638, 
Aug. 6. [Copy, not signed.] 

Aug. 9. 126. Edward Earl of Dorset to Mr. Withers, Deputy Governor 
of the Somers Islands Company. Desires him not to sign any 
deputation of the Somers Islands for Capt. Chadock, "for such is 
His Majesty's pleasure for what causes I know not." 

1638? 127. The King to [the Governor of Virginia]. Is willing to 

encourage Henry Lord Maltravers in his desire to plant some part 
of Virginia, concerning which letters were formerly directed to him, 
but it is understood they miscarried. Requires him forthwith to 
assign to Lord Maltravers such a competent tract of land in the 
southern part of Virginia, as may bear the name of a county, and be 
called the county of Norfolk, upon conditions found requisite for the 
general good of the colony, and powers fitted for a person of his 
quality, with reservation to the King of a yearly rent of 20 
shillings. [Draft.] 

Sept.? 128. Sec. Windebauk to the Clerk of the Privy Council. Has 
been appointed, with the Earl of Dorset, to take into consideration 
the desires of Lords Maltravers and Baltimore, to be secured from 
any prejudice in their several provinces by the intended corporation 
of Virginia. An article to that purpose having been agreed on, he 
is directed to substitute it for the tenth article, set down in the order 
of 1st July last, for future government of that colony. [Draft.] 

Oct. 20. Minutes of a Coupt for Providence Island. Upon the Earl of 
Brooke House. Warwick's motion, his two pinnaces, the Warwick and the Robert, 
now bound to the West Indies, to have certain liberties and privi- 
leges in all ports within the limits of the Company's grants. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 342-43.] 

Nov. 1. Minutes of the late Council for New England. Lord Maltravers 's 

Lord Stirling's request for a degree more in latitude and longitude to be added to. 

House. ^ portion of lands agreed to, upon his declaring whether he would 

have it to the northward or westward ; also similar requests from 

Lord Gorges and Sir Ferd. Gorges. The Earl of Stirling's proportion 

likewise augmented. [Colonial Corresp., 1631, Nov. 4, pp. 38, 39.] 

[Nov. 5.] Petition of James Earl of Carlisle to the King. His Majesty 
granted to his father and his heirs, by patent dated 2 July 1627, 
the island of St. Christopher, with power to govern the plantation, 
make laws and appoint judges, and no causes determined there have 
ever been questioned in any of the Courts of Westminster, but all 
complaints heard by the Commissioners for Foreign Plantations. Is 
informed that Fitzwilliam Conisbye is sued in the Court of King's 
Bench, at Westminster, by Francis Blount, administrator to Herbert 
Blount, who died intestate in the island, for goods which Conisbye 


1638. Vor, IX. 

recovered there, in the ordinary established course of justice, and that 
the action is appointed to be tried this term, although the King, was 
pleased to refer it to the Commissioners for Foreign Plantations. 
Because the Lord Chief Justice cannot take notice of the peti- 
tioners patent, nor of the determination of the cause in St. Christo- 
pher's, and that if the acts passed there be requestioned in England 
at common law, it will tend to the extreme prejudice, if not subversion, 
of the plantations, prays that the action may be referred to the Lords 
Commissioners for Plantations to settle some certain course for cases 
of this nature, and in the meantime that it be stayed from 
trial. With reference to the Lords Commissioners for Plantations, 
in accordance with the prayer of the petitioner. Whitehall, 
1638, Nov. 5. [DOMESTIC Car. I. Entry Bk., Petitions, 1636-38, 
p. 333.] 

Nov. 22. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Lord Keeper's report 

Warwick House. U pon Captl Bell's petition. The Earl of Warwick, Lord Mandeville, 

and Sir Ben. Rudyerd requested to excuse the Company from 

yielding to any examination as to the clear value of a servant in 

the island. Reasons. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 343-44.] 

Nov. 23. Minutes as above. Mr. Wells' debts ordered to be paid. Letter 
\Var\vickllouse. addressed to Mr. Greenesmith, concerning goods claimed by Mr. 
Washbourne, on behalf of his wife, executrix of Wil. Woodcock. 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., p. 345.] 

[Nov. 24.] Petition of James Earl of Carlisle to the King. Upon a petition 
pretending the King was misinformed by the petitioner in his former 
petition [see ante, November 5]. Francis Blount obtained a repeal 
of His Majesty's order of reference to the Lords Commissioners for 
Plantations, as he did upon the like false suggestion of a former 
reference, and presses for a trial on Monday next. Is ready to 
justify all the allegations in his former petition, and prays that the 
Commissioners may hear the cause before the trial takes place. 
Underwritten, the King directs both the Secretaries of State to call 
before them the parties concerned and examine the differences, in 
the meantime it is His Majesty's express pleasure that all proceed- 
ings at common law cease. Whitehall, 1638, Nov. 24. [DOMESTIC 
Car. /., Entry Bk., Petitions, 1636-38, p. 336.] 

Nov. 25. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Letter to be written 

Warwick to Lord Brooke touching the discharge of his debts. 

Nov. 27. QL to be lent to the wives of the seamen on board Capt. Newman's 

Nov. 29. Lords Warwick and Mandeville promise to bear a proportionable 
part of the charge of sending 200 men to Providence in exchange for 
negroes. {Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 345-46.] 

Nov. 29. 129. Geo. Burdett to Archbishop Laud. Has lately seen a sup- 
Piscataqua. plication from Massachusetts Bay to the Lords Commissioners for 


1638. VoL ' IX - 

Plantations, which seems to menace revolt and the erection of a 
new government, but the truth is they have long since decreed to 
spend their blood in maintaining their present way and humour, and 
are using all diligence to fortify themselves. Recommends that the 
river and harbour of Piscataqua, of which they are endeavouring 
to obtain the command, should with all expedition, be secured for 
the King's use, and the port appointed for discharge of ships that 
bring passengers, in case any be permitted. This would much 
strengthen the loyal party, as many who go to Massachusetts would 
go there, but for difficulty of removal. Hears that the Massachusetts 
magistrates have received from England copies of his letters to his 
Grace, procured by Mr. Vane. Cannot believe it was with his 

1 638 ? 130. Petition of John Whiting, Thomas Marsfield, Edward Hopkins, 
and John Alcock and others, planters at Connecticut, in New Eng- 
land, to the Privy Council. Set forth that the plantations in New- 
England are in great distress for want of provisions, especially butter 
and cheese, through the improvidence of those who went over to plant 
last year, and who have lived at the charge of the country ever since ; 
and the planters in the new plantation of Connecticut in particular, 
who, by reason of the hardships they endured in the old plantation, 
removed thence in hopes of better accommodation, but the river 
being barred, they are deprived of supplies enjoyed by others. 
Through the restraint of transporting provisions they can have no 
relief, neither from the old planteis at the Bay, who have not a 
competency for themselves. Pray for licence to export to Connec- 
ticut 200 firkins of butter, 50 weight of cheese, 400 dozen pair of 
shoes, and six dozen of tanned hides, without which the planters, 
to the number of 3,000, must fall into extreme misery. Endorsed,, 
" Denyed." 

[Dec. 10.] Petition of Edward Earl of Dorset to the King. An island called 
Sandey Island, near the continent of America, in 44 deg. N. L., was 
lately discovered by one Rose, late master of a vessel wrecked there, 
who finding no inhabitants, first took possession. Prays for a grant 
of the island for 31 years, and that none may adventure there 
without his licence. Underwritten the Attorney General is directed 
to prepare a bill for the King's signature, granting Sandey Island to 
the petitioner, in as ample a manner as St. Christopher's was granted 
to the Earl of Carlisle. Whitehall, 1638, Dec. 10. [DOMESTIC Car. L, 
Entry JBk., Petitions, 1638-40, p. 9.] 

Dec. 12. Minute of a Committee for Providence Island. Mrs. Trippett to 
Warwick } iave the freight of her tobacco and her passage from Providence 
respited, until her husband comes home. \Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IIL, p. 346.] 

Dec. 13. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Finance. Order 

Brooke House, concerning the suspension of Mr. Wilcox from his place of Husband 

to the Company, for having delivered goods to the late Will. 

Woodcock, contrary to direction. For the sale of a quantity of 


1638. VOL. IX. 

sarsaparilla brought from New England. Propositions agreed to 
be offered to Woodcock's executrix for withdrawal of a suit in the 
Court of Requests against her. The Sec. is requested to treat with 
her for the warehousing of a quantity of silk grass. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 346 -47.] 

1638 ? 131. Petition of Capt. Walter Neale to the King. Sets forth his 

pretensions to the government of New England, His Majesty being 
about to take it into his consideration. Has served in all the King's 
expeditions for the past 20 years ; commanded four years, and brought 
to perfection the Company of the Artillery Garden. Lived three 
years in New England and made greater discoveries than were ever 
made before. " Exactly discovered" all the rivers and harbours in 
the habitable parts of the country. Exerted himself for the general 
good of the country, by reforming abuses. Has punished the cruelty 
of the natives, and compelled them to make peace, and is able to 
settle a staple trade of commodities, especially for building ships. 
Prays to be appointed Governor. [In Jan. 1634, the King recom- 
mended to the Lord Mayor of London to elect Capt. Walter Neale 
Captain of the Artillery Garden. See DOMESTIC Corresp.] 

163S? 132. Licence to Henry Lord Maltravers, his executors and ad- 

ministrators, for 21 years to stamp farthing tokens of copper for the 
foreign plantations, a distinction of brass or otherwise to be made 
for England, Ireland, and Wales, the transportation of gold and 
silver to the plantations being prohibited, and coin found necessary 
to prevent them from being totally driven to truck with commodities ; 
reservation of the annual rent of forty shillings to the King. 
[See 1639, Feb. 16, p. 290.] 

1638. Minutes by Archbishop Laud, of subjects upon which he has pre- 

pared reports to the King. Concerning the six plantations. Grants 
of offices in reversion ; new patent offices and monopolies: the 
execution of the King's former directions ; and trade and commerce. 
[Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

1638. Mem. A Dutch ship arrives at James City with commission 

from the Queen of Sweden. The Capt. refuses to permit the 
Treasurer of Virginia, Jerome Hawley, to take a copy, unless free 
trade for tobacco is allowed him, which is refused, as contrary to the 
King's instructions. The Capt. said that his own and another ship 
were bound for Delaware Bay, where they intended to plant 
tobacco, as the Dutch were already doing in Hudson's Bay. 
[Minute. Colonial Corresp)., 1609, >. 3.] 

1638. 133. Note of Jeremy Blackman's charges for transporting four 

deer from Virginia, total 20Z., including corn, and a place made of 
wood for them to lie in. Has not put down anything for his care 
about them, which was none the less, although he could not preserve 
their lives. 

1638. Note that the Governor of Virginia had 1,OOOZ. per annum allowed 

him. [Colonial Corresp., 1609, p. 3.] 





Mem. in the handwriting of Sir Jos. Williamson, concerning the 
contested rights of the Earls of Warwick and Carlisle to Barbadoes ; 
the former having sent one Capt. Hawley, and the latter Serj.-Maj. 
Huncks, to be Governors, each for himself. The Earl of Warwick 
seems to have claimed as a trustee of the old Earl of Carlisle. 
[Colonial Correspondence, Vol. L, No. 35.] 

Jan. 4. 


Jan. 4. 

Jan. ? 

Jan. 8. 

Jan. 11. 


Vol. X. 16391643. 

1. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of the owners of the 
Elizabeth, of London, for licence to transport to New England 
passengers provided with the certificate required by proclamation, 
also goods and cattle ; referring it' to the Sub-committee for Foreign 
Plantations for their report. [Draft by Nicholas, with corrections.] 

2. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of Walter Barret, 
Walter Sandy, and Company, of Bristol, merchants, setting forth 
that they have been many years settling a plantation in New 
England, which was begun long before such multitudes of people 
went over ; all they intend to send are regular people, neither 
factious nor vicious in religion; their plantation is apart from 
all others, and they desire now to transport 180 persons, to 
provide victuals for furnishing the ships employed in the fishing 
trade upon that coast, for which they have built and made ready 
two ships ; referring it to the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations 
for their report. [Draft by Nicholas, with corrections.] 

3. Certain heads of a commission authorizing Sir Fran. Wyatt 
to be Governor of Virginia. To exercise the Government during 
[the King's] pleasure ; to continue the Council ; follow the direc- 
tions of the Privy Council of England; and make orders, judg- 
ments, and decrees, according to the laws of England. In case of his 
death, the Council to assume the government. Vacancies in the 
Council to be filled up by the choice of the majority. 

Commission appointing Sir Francis Wyatt Governor of Virginia, 
with powers similar to those granted to Sir John Harvey, and 
liberty to fill up vacancies in the Council, to be approved by the King 
or the Commissioners for Plantations. [Docquet. DOMESTIC Car. /.] 

Commission appointing Sir Francis Wyatt Governor of Virginia, 
to execute the same as fully as any Governor within the space of ten 
years last past ; the Council to elect a Governor in case of his death 
or absence. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., pp. 212-18.] 

Instructions to Sir Francis Wyatt, Governor of Virginia. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. LXXIX., p. 218.] Minute only 
that they were the same as those for Sir Wil. Berkeley. [See p. 321, 
Aug.? 1641.] 


1639. VoL ' X ' 

Jan. 11. 4. Order of the Privy Council. Upon a representation of the 
Whitehall, merchants trading to Spain, Portugal, the Streights, &c., com- 
plaining that the kingdom is deprived of much trade, the King of 
much custom and many ships, and seamen of employment, through 
the proclamation forbidding ships to go to New England without 
special warrant ; granting licence to those ships ready to take freight, 
to take passengers thither, tut as concerning goods and provisions, 
to be referred to the Lord Treasurer, and declaring that when other 
ships are ready for the like employment, upon petition of the 
owners, similar orders will be given. [Draft.} 

Jan. 18. 5. Governor Harvey and Council of Virginia to the Privy Council. 
Have received their letter of 29 July last, requiring that an inclosed 
certificate from the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations should 
be observed [see ante, p. 281, No. 122], until further orders on their 
answer to the two petitions therein referred to. Concerning the 
first petition [it will be seen that the Sub-committee in their report 
above mentioned call this the second petition], a proportion of 
ammunition from every ship trading with the colony was ordered, 
by Act of Assembly of 21 Feb. 1632, to keep up a supply for 
defence, the fort at Point Comfort being then newly finished, and 
contributions have been constantly made ever since. How these 
supplies have been employed for three years past. The King's instruc- 
tions to Sir Fras Wyatt of 24 July 1621, to Sir Geo. Yeardley of 19 
April 1626, to Sir John Harvey of 6 Aug. 1628, and again 22 May 
1636, directed that every person arriving in the colony should take the 
oath of allegiance and supremacy. At a Grand Assembly, 21 Feb. 
1632, the fee of 6d. per poll was enacted to be paid to the captain 
of the fort, who was directed to keep a register of the name, age, 
and birth-place of every passenger. Difficulties of collecting. Capt. 
Hook sued and received payment, and the present captain, by his 
Commission, claims all fees received by him. The King, by letter of 
4 August 1636, commanded a fit place for entry of exported goods 
to be selected, and an officer appointed to keep a register, for whose 
encouragement an allowance or fee out of the commodities was 
directed to be levied. Bichard Kemp, the Secretary, was appointed, 
and the Assembly ordered him an allowance of 2d. per cask for 
tobacco and for other goods, after the same rate. The King's 
instructions ; Kemp's proceedings, and " moderate demeanour ; " 
payments received. As to the three taxations complained of, 
it will be found that the first has been established seven years, the 
second in matter of execution seventeen, and payment seven years, 
and the third by the King's commands. In answer to the second 
petition, in which the petitioners complain that they had always 
enjoyed free trade and liberty to unload their goods and commodities, 
without being restrained to one place, the Governor and Council 
wonder at the strangeness of the information and such apparent 
falsities. Do not know what is meant by an order in August last. 
In the time of the late Treasurer and Company no port was allowed 
but James Town. Are not able, through defect in the records, to 
say what instructions were received by Sir Fras. Wyatt, the first 



Governor, after recalling the Company's patent. Those to subsequent 
Governors recited. Are compelled to require masters of ships not to 
break bulk until they arrive at James City. Falsity of the accu- 
sation of the petitioners. Intolerable abuse of ingrossing commo- 
dities and forestalling the markets, prevented by His Majesty's 
instructions. Are required to draw the people into towns, to effect 
-which trade must be confined to one place. Act passed last year for 
a portion of land for a house and garden to be allotted to every 
person that would undertake to build upon it. Twelve houses and 
stores since built in the town ; one of brick by the Secretary, 
" the fairest ever known in this country for substance and unifor- 
mity;" others have undertaken to build framed houses to beautify 
the place, consonant to the King's instructions not to suffer slight 
cottages to be built as heretofore. Have largely contributed to the 
building of a brick church. A levy is raised for building a state 
house at James City. Order permitting goods to be landed wherever 
thought convenient until stores were built, found very disheartening. 
Stores already built to hold far more goods than have been sent this 
year [i.e., from, 25 March 1638]. Insolencies of some of the 
masters of ships. Believe they are betrayed by those who design 
an alteration in the government. Are credibly informed that spies 
are employed in all parts of London, to invite planters from the 
colony into taverns, and after working upon their weakness with 
advantage of wine, "drain from them some matter of grievance, 
which is straightly written down," and the party thus ensnared to 
justify a complaint without cause. How the King's commands 
to suppress drunkenness and prevent great quantities of wine and 
strong waters being sold, have been carried out. Reply to six 
reasons which the petitioners seem to give against the restraint of 
shipping to James Town. Assurances of their endeavours, by 
example, to encourage staple commodities. Four of their number 
have underwritten "to set the plough on going this next year." 
Have at present a good quantity of seed corn. Are again beginning 
with silk worms, and have presented to His Majesty, through Sec. 
Windebank, a quantity of silk made this year in the country. 
Acknowledge with thankfulness the favour of being able to clear 
themselves from these unjust charges, and request that those com- 
plaining of grievances may be ordered " to put in caution to prove 
the truth of them." [Copy.] 

[Jan. 18.] 6. Governor Harvey and Council of Virginia to the Privy Council. 
Have received their letters of 25 July last, on behalf of Capt. Sam. 
Mathews, with report from the Sub-committees, and in accordance 
therewith, have caused all his servants, cattle, and goods to be 
restored to him. Justify their conduct, finding they are charged 
with disobedience and illegal, harsh, and severe proceedings against 
Capt. Mathews. Endorsed by Windebank, "Duplicate, rec. 3 March." 

Jan. 18. 7. Governor Harvey and Council of Virginia to the Privy Council. 

James City. Report upon request of Richard Ell, mariner, for renewal of a grant of 

land in the colony, and to be allowed three years longer to plant it. 



1639. VOL - x - 

That Thos. Stegg, a merchant resident there, had been examined 
upon Ell's complaint of a breach of trust, but the charge could not 
be maintained, and the land forfeited had been granted to John 
Flud, an ancient planter. Inclose, 

7. I. Susan Ell to Thos. Stegg. Directions concerning tobacco 
owing to her husband by Mr. Osborne, Thomas Clarke, 
and Nathaniel Hooke. Limehouse, 1636, Aug. 1. 

7. ii. Susan Ell to Thos. Stegg. Concerning debts due to her 
husband from the colony. Has received letters from Mr. 
Sypsey and Mr. Osborne. Mr. Drayton has paid Mr. 
Wannerton, the scrivener of Lombard Street. Limehouse, 
1636, Aug. 2. 

7. in. Richard Ell to Thos. Stegg. Desires he ivill either speak 
to Sir John Harvey to renew his patent or make it sure 
himself. Deal, 1637, Sept. 22. 

Jan. 18. 8. Governor Harvey and Council of Virginia to Sec. Windebank. 

James City. Have heard with great grief of the many complaints exhibited to the 
Privy Council against them, which have caused their Lordships high 
displeasure towards them. Beg that their answers may be read 
before the Lords themselves without reference to the Sub-committee, 
against some of whom they may justly take exception. Crave his 
furtherance in presenting their petition to the King, concerning the 
scandals and imputations upon the present Government of the 
colony. Send a parcel of silk to the King, the first fruits of their 
late endeavours. 

Jan. 18. 9. Governor Harvey and Council of Virginia to Sec. Windebank. 
James City. By the information exhibited against Anthony Panton, clerk, his 

delinquences, and the motives upon which they proceeded to a decree 

of banishment against him, will be more at large understood. 

Desire his favour in case Panton should clamour or complain 

against them. 

Jan. 18. 10. Richard Kemp, Sec. of Virginia, to the Privy Council. Send 
James City, duplicates of the answer of the Governor and Council to two 
petitions in the name of the planters, traders, and others in 
Virginia, referred to them by the Sub-committee for Foreign 
Plantations for their report. They are much disheartened that the 
Sub-committee should follow the same strain, and are informed that 
the chiefest of those Sub-committees have together with Capt. 
Mathews invited divers of the plantation, to complain against the 
Governor and Council. Arguments against any alteration in the 
Government, or reducing it to the old terms. Endorsed by Sec. 
Windebank, " Rec. 3 Mar. 1639." Incloses, 

10. i. The Governor and Council of Virginia to the Privy 
Council. Duplicate of the long letter calendared ante, 
No. 5. Endorsed by Windebank, "Rec. 3 Mar. 1639." 

Jan. 26. Philip Burlamachi to [Sec. Windebank]. The East India Com- 
pany about to wind up their present capital and form a new. The 




King has given a most favourable reference to his request concerning 
the Earl of Carlisle, who, he understands, has made an agreement 
with the Earl of Warwick for possession of the Barbadoes Islands. 
Begs he will request Lord Goring to remind the King not to conclude 
any agreement until Burlamachi's debt is first satisfied. [EAST IND. 

Jan. 28. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Order concerning a 

Warwick Spanish vessel of great value taken by Capt. Piego in the West 

House. l n di eS) when in consort with Capt. Newman, and since taken into 

Holland. Capt. Bell expresses his willingness to have all differences 

with the Company composed, and moves that they be referred to 

the Earl of Holland, to which proposition an answer is promised. 

[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IIL, pp. 347-48.] 

Feb. 12. Minutes as above. Concerning Capt. Bells' proposition to refer his 
differences with the Company to the Earl of Holland. Resolutions on 
several letters received from Capt. Newman and Sir Bait. Gerbier 
concerning the imprisonment of the former. Commission to be made 
out for Mrs. Hart and her associates to send a ship to the West Indies, 
under Capt. John Dell. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IIL, pp. 348-49.] 

Feb. 14. Minutes as above. Copy of Capt. Newman's commission to be 
Warwick House, sent to Dunkirk, read, with reasons why the Company sent forth 
ships to take Spanish goods. Ordered that the Earl of Holland 
should be entreated to move the King that Sir B. Gerbier be written 
to, in Capt. Newman's favour ; heads of the letter. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. IIL, pp. 349-50.] 

Feb. 15. Minutes as above. Instructions for better prosecution of the 

Warwick House.busmess i n Holland against Capt. Diego are delivered to John Gos- 

sage, and 101. on account. Order upon the suit of Mrs. Wells for 

tobacco belonging to her husband, in the Custom House. [Colonial 

Entry BL, Vol. IIL, pp. 350-51.] 

Feb. 16. Minutes as above. Financial condition of the Company. Means 
Warwick House. f discharging the debts of the adventurers, their several propor- 
tions being in round numbers as follows : The Earl of Warwick, 
2,430?. ; Lord Say, 2,660?. ; Lord Mandeville, 2,280?. ; Lord Brooke, 
4,150?. ; and John Pym, 3,185?. To encourage those who will pay 
in their debts and join in the future supply of the island, they are 
offered a share of the profits of a silver mine " found in an island within 
the Comp. grant," provided also that they contribute to the dispatch 
of a ship for that object. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IIL, pp. 

Feb. 16. Licence to Henry Lord Maltravers and his assigns for 21 years 
to stamp farthing tokens, a distinction to be made in those to be used 
in England, Ireland, and Wales ; with liberty " to utter the same" 
in all the King's foreign plantations, except Maryland ; prohibition to 
circulate them or any other base coin upon pain of seizure, reserva- 
tion of 10?. per annum to the King, and power to export them 
custom free. [Docquet. DOMESTIC Car. /.] 



March 4. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Relating exclusively 
Warwick monetary matters, and to the means of providing for several 
payments due upon account of the Happy Return, &c. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 353-55.] 

[March 8. J 11. Petition of Captain Richard Morrison to the Privy Council. 
Not long since he was appointed by letters patent to the command 
of a fort called Point Comfort, in Virginia, vice Capt. Hook, and 
received certain perquisites, which, upon some clamour of the traders 
there, have been stopped. Prays that the stop may be taken off, and 
he be allowed the full benefit of his patent. With reference to the 
Sub-committee, to report their opinion. Annexed, 

11. i. Report of the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations upon 
the above petition. The imposition of Qd. per poll for 
keeping a register for every passenger arriving in Vir- 
ginia and administering the oath of allegiance to them, 
is very necessary and fit to be continued. 1639, April 2. 

March 16. 12. The King to the Governor, Council, Planters, and Inhabitants 
Westminster. o f the Caribbee Islands, or province of Carlisle. The late Earl of 
Carlisle, with great industry and expense, having settled St. Chris- 
topher's, Barbadoes, Nevis, Montserrat, and Antigua, and the present 
Earl intending with all convenient speed, to plant divers other of 
the Caribbee Islands within his patent, and from those already 
planted with " such store and numbers of people " to take sufficient 
numbers as may begin other plantations, which otherwise may be 
possessed by strangers ; they are instructed to do their utter- 
most to oppose any who may attempt to allure the inhabitants 
from those islands, whereby the Earl will be disabled of sufficient 
people to plant the residue ; and Lord Carlisle having made choice of 
Serj.-Major Hen. Huncks to be Governor of Barbadoes, they are 
strictly enjoined to yield respect and obedience to him. [After this 
was signed by the King at Whitehall on the \%tk March, some 
trifling corrections were made, and another letter was prepared for 
the King's signature.] 

[March 16.] 13. Fair copy of the preceding, with the corrections and additions. 

March 23. 1-i. Governor Sir John Harvey and Council of Virginia to the Privy 
James City. Council. Have, in obedience to orders of 29 Nov. last, restored the 
goods and cattle belonging to the estate of Capt. Samuel Mathews, 
to the agents of John Woodall, of London, surgeon. Certify the 
true state of the cause between "Woodall, plaintiff, arid Mathews, 

March 26. 15. Governor Sir John Harvey and Council of Virginia to the 
James City. Privy Council. In reference to a petition of Lawrence Evans, mer- 
chant, sent by their Lordships' order of 27 July 1638, complaining 
of a great abuse by Francis Poythres, a planter in the colony. Have 
directed a commission to four of the ablest merchants in Virginia to 
examine whether Poythres was authorized by Evans as his factor. 

T 2 




VOL. X. 

15. i. Order of the Council of Virginia appointing John Chew, 
Thos. Stegg, Tkos. Burbaye, and George Ludlowe, Com- 
missioners to report upon the differences between Evans 
and Poythres. 1639, March 20. [Copy, certified by 
Richard Kemp, Secretary.'] 

15. ii. Report of the Commissioners. That Fran. Poythres ought, 
according to the custom of the country, to have ten pounds 
in the hundred for his commission for goods sold and 
tobacco received for Lawrence Evans, and that 13,876 Ibs. 
of tobacco is therefore due to him from Evans. 1639, 
March 22,. [Certified copy.] 

15. HI. Order of the Council of Virginia directing Geo. Broolcs, 
the agent or factor of Evans, to pay the above quantity of 
tobacco to Poythres. 1 639, March 22. [Certified copy.] 

March? 16. Petition of Kinborough, wife of Capt. Henry Hawley, now 
absent in Barbadoes, to the King. The Earl of Carlisle has obtained 
a commission from His Majesty for recalling the petitioner's husband 
from the government of Barbadoes, although his grant from the late 
Earl has not yet expired ; this, she fears, will be used for his ruin, 
the destruction of his estate there, the fruits of his eight years 
travel and employment, being most aimed at by his enemies. Prays, 
for prevention, that the King will at the same time declare that her 
husband may, like any other planter, enjoy his estate in that island 
without impeachment, and also signify whether he is to proceed in 
treating with other foreign plantations, for a moderation in planting 
and regulating the price of tobacco. 

March 27. 17. Warrant for Henry Hawley, Lieutenant General and Go- 
Westminster, vernor of Barbadoes, to go from plantation to plantation and in- 
quire into the excessive quantities of tobacco grown, and treat with 
the several Governors and the inhabitants necessary, concerning the 
remedy of this inconvenience, and the price " they will afford their 
tobacco," with other business, according to instructions. [Draft.] 

March 29. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Sarsaparilla sent 
Fausley. home by Capt. Newman in the New England ship ordered to be 
sold, and the silk grass to be bought of Mrs. Washbourne. Mr. Finch 
to be spoken to about the carbines in his possession. Demands 
of the master of Capt. Axe's ship referred to the Earl of Warwick. 
Finance. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 355-56.] 

March 29. Minutes as above. Concernino- the 

design of settling a 


^ Fausley, tatioii upon the main continent, or some of the larger islands in the 

jmpton. Wegfc IndieS) accor ding to a petition presented to the King. His 

Majesty not having yet given his authority and countenance to the 

undertaking, any absolute resolution to be suspended until May 

next. [Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 356-57.] 

[March.] 18. Report of the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations to the 
Privy Council. Upon the differences between Sir Ferdinando Gorges 




April 3. 


April 3. 
April 3. 

April 4. 
James City. 

VOL. X. 

and Capt. John Mason, concerning arrears alleged to be due to the 
former for his share in the adventure of certain ships set out for New 
England since June 1632. 

Grant to Sir Ferdinando Gorges of certain lands in Xew Eng- 
land to be hereafter called the province or county of Maine. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. LIZ., pp. 61-92.] 

Abstract of the above. [Colonial Corresp., 1620, Nov. 3.] 
Minute of the above. [Ibid.] 

19. Richard Kemp, Sec. of Virginia, to Robert Reade, secretary to 
Sec. Windebank. The colony is assured by constant reports that 
Virginia affairs are reduced under the old form of government 
by a Company. Sir Francis Wyatt, the newly-elected Governor, 
daily expected. Desires " to be spared from his employment," and 
leave to repair to England ; also his furtherance in the payment of 
his fees and allowance, which by order of the Lords were lately 
suspended. Geo. Reade, his brother, wished to have some servants 
sent over ; but has advised him to attend this change before he 
engaged himself further upon the place, " for if their former courses 
in government be pursued, miserable will be the terms of the 

April 23. News-letter [from Edmund Rossingham]. Last week a procla- 
mation was issued to suppress 27 patents of monopolies; but the 
patent to Lord Stirling for making knight baronets of New Eng- 
England [Nova Scotia ?} is left out. It is said these knights shall 
have no other place than the law allows them, and there was no 
need, therefore, to put it in the proclamation. [Extract from 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Samuel Border pro- 
poses that a ship be set forth by the Company " for lading of silver 
ore," in the Bay of Darien. He states that the ore is to be had there 
in good quantities, at a place distant 150 leagues from Providence, 
being on a continent, at high water severed from the main ; that it 
is a good place for habitation, and has a good harbour, with fresh 
water. That the mine is 12 miles long and two miles broad. Re- 
solved to send ever some persons to procure ore ; also that the 
farmers of customs be spoken with, to deliver one half of the Com- 
pany's goods in the Custom House, the other half being left for 
security of the customs. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 357.] 

20. Governor Sir John Harvey and Council of Virginia to the 
Privy Council. Report upon a reference to them of the petition of 
Thos. Covell, of London, representing that for 30 years past he had 
been an adventurer to the colony, and complaining that upon the 
death of Thos. Kingston, his factor, Thos. Loving, who was married 
to the widow, had possessed himself of the petitioner's estate there to 
a great value. Have caused an inventory to be taken of the whole 
estate, and Loving to enter into bond not to embezzle any part of 
it. Endorsed by Nicholas, Rec. 1 Sept. 1639." 

May 8. 



May 12. 

James City. 


May 15. 

VOL. X. 

Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. A further sum of 20. 
to be paid for charges of Capt. Newman's imprisonment. Demand 
for freight of the Expedition deferred. Propositions concerning 
the gold ore communicated to Maurice Thompson. Resolutions. 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., p. 358.] 

_ May 1 6. Sec. Coke to Sec. Windebank. [Pomponne de Bellievre, Seigneur 
Newcastle, de Grignon,] the French Ambassador, has complained of an impo- 
sition laid on strangers, by Sir David Kirke, for fishing at New- 
foundland. The King has referred him to the Council Board, the 
Lords having been made acquainted by Mr. Attorney with the 
commission granted to the Lord Chamberlain, Kirke, and the rest. 
A firm but fair answer is to be given, and the impositions laid by 
the French on the English merchants considered in justification. 
[Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. 7.] 

May 18. 21. Officers of the Customs to the Privy Council. Certify that 
Yarmouth, since their last advertisement no passengers nor goods have been 
shipped from that port for Massachusetts Bay. 

May 20. 22. Governor Sir John Harvey to the Privy Council. Received 
James City, their order of 25 July last, inclosing petition of Ambrose Harmer, 
resident in the colony, to whom the King granted the tuition of 
Benoni Buck, an idiot, since deceased, one of the sons of Rich. 
Buck, late minister in Virginia, deceased. Long account of his pro- 
ceedings in the business. Implores, on behalf of the colony, that 
no such grants may pass hereafter, being very prejudicial to the 

May 23. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. The Earl of Holland 
WarwickHouse. elected Governor of the Company, John Pym, Deputy Governor, 
and Wil. Jessop, Secretary. The choice of a Treasurer respited. 
Agreement with Sam. Border about his wages, " if the ore prove 
right .... and if it prove not right." Contract with Mr. Amirant 
to be a minister at Providence ; to have 501. per annum, a servant, 
and his diet at the Governor's house. Orders upon Capt. Bell's 
request for an allowance for his cows, and Mr. Gossage's charges 
into Holland about Capt. Newman's consort ship with Capt. Diego. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 358-59.] 

May 25. 

May ? 

Minutes as above. Agreement with Maurice Thompson for 
sending a ship to Providence, and by the way to go to the Bay 
of Darien, " upon some particular discovery which is conceived to 
be very advantageous and beneficial to us ;" the expenses are esti- 
mated and divided among 21 adventurers ; and resolutions passed 
concerning the division of profits, charter part of the ship to be em- 
ployed, the Mary, and other business connected with the discovery. 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol. III., pp. 359-60.] 

23. Petition of James Earl of Carlisle, Sir James Hay, and 
Archibald Hay, trustees for the late Earl, to the Privy Council. 
Are informed by Sir Thos. Warner, Governor of St. Christopher's 



and Lieut. -General of the Caribbees, that there is great scarcity of 
ammunition in those islands, for want of which about 20,000 
planters are in great danger, not only of the Spaniards and French, 
but of being devoured by the natives, cannibals. St. Christopher's is 
half planted with French, who receive large supplies, which in- 
creases their power and number, and they insult the English, and 
set forth colonies in other islands within Lord Carlisle's grant, which 
if not speedily prevented, the benefit of 12,OOOZ. per annum at least 
in duties from that island will be lost. Through the restraint on 
tobacco the poor planters are debarred from free trade, and unable to 
furnish themselves with necessaries, much less to buy ammunition. 
Pray for leave to purchase 20 lasts of powder at the price paid 
by the King, for their encouragement to preserve the islands they 
have gained, and to plant others. 

May 28. 24. Warrant to the Officers of Ordnance to deliver to the Earl 
of Carlisle, Sir James Hay, and Archibald Hay, trustees for the late 
Earl, the proportion of powder requested in their above petition, 
upon paying the usual price of ]8d. per Ib. [Draft.] 

June 6. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Concerning the means of 
raising 6,800?. and the discharge of certain debts due by the Company. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 360-61.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Nat. Butler, Gover- 
nor. Are very glad to hear of his safe arrival. Reasons for sending 
the Mary ; information received of great quantities of silver ore. 
Complain of his sharing with others in profits which belong to 
them. Explain their patents. Sam. Border has been examined, 
and goes master of this vessel, with instructions to make trial of 
the metal. Indisposed to venture too great a charge upon it. Will 
not subject themselves to men's scorn and derision as others have 
done, when their ships brought home nothing but dirt. Particular 
instructions. Captains Axe and Brent, Lewis Morris and Sam. 
Border, are joined with the Governor " in this employment." Their 
several duties. John Butler is appointed the Company's agent and 
overseer. Capt. Parker to be sent to New England if the ore prove 
good, to hire ships. The " bargain for negroes " has been altered ; 
they are to be employed in digging for ore. Planting tobacco to be 
restrained and cotton encouraged. Weavers and spinners are sent 
over with fit engines and instruments ; also brick to build a 
powder house. Have not provided any great magazine, former dis- 
bursements having made but little or no return. Maurice Thompson 
carries shoes and shirts, and things most useful for the inhabitants. 
When once the colony is put into a course of subsisting, either by 
mineral or manufacture, will do their parts. Are inclined to yield 
that trade be left free, as in other plantations. Congratulations on 
the colony's deliverance from the negro rebellion. Direct him to be 
more watchful, and keep them harder at work. Embezzlements of 
Nath. Marston. Prohibitions against fetching ore. Approve of the 
bargain for Capt. Elfrith's negroes ; directions to sell or otherwise 
dispose of them ; also concerning the purchase of cattle, and 



freight of Thompson's ships. Have used all possible endeavours to 
take off inconveniences " for want of administration of the sacra- 
ment ; " but pray the colony at present to rest satisfied with Mr. 
Sherhard, and to give him and his particular congregation every 
liberty and favour. " God makes no difference between them that 
do faithfully and heartily seek him, though there be in the appear- 
ance of men some difference between them in opinion and practice, 
concerning outward things." Hope to make a correspondence with 
New England very beneficial, and entreat him to take away all 
occasion of faction among themselves, and of any "breach with 
those Churches." It is hoped that they likewise [of New England] 
will carry themselves moderate, be content with their own freedom, 
and leave others to theirs. Lord Brooke's accounts. Capt. Francis 
and the stores. Robt. Woodfall's negroes to be restored. Goods left 
in the hands of Thos. Mascall and Rich. Bird. Wil. Browne and 
Ed. Turton, who have been condemned to death, to have their 
liberty, but not be allowed to leave the island. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., pp. 138-42.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Hunt. Cannot 
at present return a particular answer to what has been received 
from him. Conceive that the exceptions against his government 
proceeded from want of experience, not from willingness to offend. 
Encourage him to go on cheerfully in his public employments. Have 
been disappointed in their desire to send a minister by this ship. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 143.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and 
Council. Desire they will give over the planting of tobacco ; can 
give no manner of hopes that it will be worth their pains. Cottons 
will be a certain commodity. Have sent weavers and spinners, 
engines, and other fit instruments, for setting up a manufacture. 
Maurice Thompson will supply a magazine. Free trade for all 
English and Dutch. Forbear to send over any great number of 
servants, until the colony can make profit by and pay for them. 
Good store of provisions to be raised in the island. Have laid aside 
thoughts of selling their negroes ; if the number be too great to be 
managed, they may be sold, and sent to New England or Virginia. 
Would have realised 1 51. per head by Mr. Woodcock's bargain ; 
his death brought great losses upon them. Intimation to those 
inhabitants who expect servants. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., 
pp. 143-44.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Mr. Sherhard. Acknow- 
ledgment of his services, and the difficulties he has undergone. 
Have been disappointed in their desire to send another minister to 
take off part of his burden. His moderation is much commended in 
having as yet forborne any public administration of the sacrament 
of the Lord's Supper, and thus avoided the discontent of those not 
of his congregation. Heartily wish that they could supply others 
to administer the sacrament of Baptism to the content of those who 




VOL. X. 

wish it. Entreat that no offence may be given to those not 
fully of his judgment and practice. Forbear to write more " in 
regard of their great haste and many foul distractions." [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp 1-14-45.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Parker. Have 
received his letters, and thank him for his information concerning 
Nath. Marston's embezzlements. Hope he will take better care to 
prevent similar abuses hereafter. Sorry he is not thoroughly 
furnished with victuals ; Mr. Woodcock's death the cause. Are 
informed that the island abounds with all kinds of provisions. 
This ship is sent on a particular design for the Bay of Dan en. 
Directions for his guidance in case the ore prove good. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 145.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Brent. Have re- 
ceived his letter and approve of his proceedings with his mutinous 
crew. Complain of his having joined with others about the sup- 
posed mine, which he has found in the Bay of Darien, and for 
having forborne to give them advertisement of it. Are willing to 
pass by the remembrance of it, conceiving him to have been misled. 
For his encouragement, he is employed in the further discovery and 
improvement of the mine, to which the remainder of this letter 
refers. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 145-46.] 

[June 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Woodcock. Have 
received his letters. Have respited sending men till some more 
beneficial commodity than tobacco, of such base value, is undertaken. 
Hope the setting up a manufacture of cotton will put the colony into 
a good state of prosperity. May employ him more to his advantage 
than the following of a plantation. Desire his care to assist the 
Governor, also for the fortifications. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., 
p. 146.] 

[.I une 7.] The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Carter. Thanks for 
his advertisements concerning the prizes taken by Capts. Axe and 
Parker, and the goods embezzled. Have sent over his wife with 
three servants at their charge, and hope they may be able to 
reward his good service more liberally. Will never be wanting to 
encourage "such a man as you are." [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. 
IV., pp. 146-47.] 

June 7. Commission from the Company of Providence Island, appointing 
John Butler, Mr. Symonds, and one other [not named] commanders of 
the passengers bound thither in the Mary of London. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 149.] 

June 7. Commission appointing Capt. John Brent, now in Providence 
Island, captain of the Mary of London, according to the instruc- 
tions he shall receive from Capt. Butler and the rest of the Com- 
missioners for managing " the design" [of the mine]. [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 149-50.] 



June 7 ? The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Sam. Axe. Have 
received his letter. His success not answerable to their expenses. 
Explain that the silver ore, concerning which he had joined with 
Capt. Butler and some others, is within the limits of their second 
patent. Hope he will take that course which becometh a faithful 
servant. Require him to forbear all private designs and promise 
encouragement. Embezzlements of Nath. Marston. Directions 
to be careful in that particular. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV. } 
p. 150.] 

June 7-20. Minutes of letters addressed to the Governor and Council of 
Providence and others, by the Company of Adventurers for that 
island, and agreed to be sent thither by the Mary, " being taken 
upon the design of Darien." All calendared under their respective 
dates. [Colonial Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 361-62.] 

June 1 0. Articles of agreement between the Company of Providence Island, 
and Ant. Hooper of London, merchant, Theophilus Bolton, linen- 
draper, Abraham De Leau, and Capt John Dell, for setting forth a 
ship of 130 tons with 14 pieces of ordnance and 60 seamen under 
the command of Capt. Dell, for taking Spanish prizes in the West 
Indies. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 152.] 

June 12. Warrant from the Company of Providence Island, for the appre- 
hension of Nathaniel Marston, for embezzling a wedge of gold and 
some gold dust from one of the prizes taken by Capt. Axe in the 
West Indies. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 1 42.] 

June 12. 25. Sale of lands upon Long Island by James Farrett, Deputy to the 
Earl of Stirling, to Edward Howell, Daniel How, Job Sayer, and 
their associates, in consideration of barge hire, besides they being 
driven off by the Dutch from where they were planted by Farrett, to 
their great damage, with a sum of money in all amounting to 400. 
[Certified copy, endorsed, " Read in Council 19 July 1672."] 

June 20. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Sam. 
Border, master of the Mary of London. After leaving Barbadoes 
to direct his course to the Bay of Darien, and there have some of the 
ore tried by John Butler, the Company's agent. If good, to bring a 
good freight to England, where it will be refined. If it be not of 
value, the ship may be employed for prizes for one month. Defence 
of Providence, in case of any hostile attempt, and disposal of prizes. 
Captain John Brent to be captain. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV. , 
p. 147.] 

[June 20.] Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Capts. 
Butler, Axe, and Carter. Concerning a further trial of certain ore 
[at the Bay of Darien], information of which has been received by 
Capt. Brent and Sam. Border ; John Butler to be present at all the 
trials ; hiring of a vessel to bring the ore to England ; and other 
matters in connexion with it. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 



[June 20.] Instructions for John Butler, agent and overseer of the Company 
of Providence Island, of all men employed " in digging and lading 
of a mine of that ore whereof we have been informed." [Colonial 
Entry Bk., Vol. IV., pp. 148-49.] 

June 28. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Concerning Capt. 
Warwick House. Newman's deliverance from Dunkirk. [Colonial Entry Bk , Vol. 
III., p. 362.] 

June 30. Minutes as above. Monetary matters. Four hundredweight of 
Warwick House, sarsaparilla to be delivered to Capt. Newman. Mr. Butler's bills 
for refining to be discharged. Money disbursed about Capt. New- 
man's business. Two negroes in Providence to be restored to Robt. 
Woodfall on his return. Mrs. Carter, desirous to go to her husband, 
to be transported with her three servants free of expense ; both her 
and her husband to have liberty to come home when they choose. 
Rice James, his wife and child, to be transported at the Company's 
charge, he to enjoy such offices upon the island as formerly ; as also 
the wife of Aaron Butcher and servants. John Rundall and Peter 
Gates, a smith, to have their negroes restored on their arrival. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 362-63.] 

July 1. Minutes as above. Agreement for payment of 100Z. on account 
Warwick House. o f Capt. Wil. Rous, prisoner at St. Lucar. In a letter to the 
Company he beseeches them to take notice of his long imprisonment 
in the Indies, St. Lucar, and the common gaol ; of his having endured 
many wants and miseries, and become indebted 1 00. for necessary 
expenses, for which he desires payment ; these miseries having come 
upon him in their service. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
pp. 365-66.] 

July 5. Minutes as above. Capt. Bell's demands concerning cattle, which 

Warwick House, he alleged were sold by him to the Company. The Earl of Warwick 

promises to discharge all his debts next term. Money disbursed 

for Capt. Newman's imprisonment at Dunkirk. [Colonial Entry 

Bk., Vol. III., p. 364.] 

July 9. 26. Report of the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations to the 
Privy Council, upon petition of Thos Hill against Capt. Mathews. 
That Sir Fran. Wyatt, the present Governor of Virginia, upon his 
arrival in the colony, and also the Council, be directed to put Mathews 
in possession of any part of his estate remaining unrestored and 
taken from him upon Hill's complaint, a considerable portion, to a 
good value, being still detained notwithstanding their Lordships' 
letter of 25 July 1638. 

July 11. 27. Serj. Major Henry Huncks to the Earl of Carlisle. Was 12 
weeks on his passage to Barbadoes. Capt. Hawley got there before 
him, who called in all commissions, proclaimed all offices void, made 
the gaol delivery a day of mercy, chose Burgesses, and settled a 
Parliament. Was not allowed to read his commission, but ordered 
to give it up, or his person would be seized. The King's letter was 
slighted, Capt. Hawley disputing Lord Carlisle's proprietary of the 





island. The Parliament came to a resolution to choose Hawley 
Governor, and he was proclaimed " with the greatest scorn towards 
you [Carlisle]." Was threatened to be pistolled, if he demanded the 
government. Cannot write one quarter of their designs. Hawley 
is about to go to Florida, and pretends he has the King's commission 
for what he does. Was forced to leave the island ; is now at 
Antigua awaiting further orders. Doubts not Carlisle's care will be 
great to get the King to command Hawley to return. 

[1G39.] 28. Petition of James Earl of Carlisle and Sir James and Archi- 
bald Hay to the King. On 16 March last the King, by letter to the 
Council and inhabitants of Barbadoes, confirmed the petitioners' 
appointment of Serjeant-Major Huncks to be Governor of that 
island [see ante p. 291, No. 12] ; but Capt. Hawley then in England, 
obtained a commission for treating with foreign plantations for regu- 
lating tobacco, and assumed the title of Lieut. Gen. and Governor of 
Barbadoes. Hawley escaped to the island, set up a popular faction, 
and proclaimed himself Governor in opposition to Huncks, who was 
compelled to " relinquish the island." He has defeated the peti- 
tioners from very great debts, withdrawn the fealty, duties, and 
revenues due to them, permitted a great number of the inhabitants 
to be taken away, contrary to the King's commands, and by 
rigorous and revengeful courses caused many to forsake the plan- 
tation. Pray for a speedy hearing of the particulars and for orders 
to re-establish Serj.-Major Huncks, or such other person as they 
shall nominate, in the Government, and for repressing the disorders 
of the people. Annexed, 

28. I. Thirteen articles against Captain Henry Hawley. He 
incited the people against Lord Carlisle, and the usual 
prayers for him in church were left out by his directions. 
He prevented Serj.-Major Huncks from publishing the 
King's commission appointing him Governor, and in con- 
junction with 30 persons would not permit the country to 
receive him. He allowed one of his Council and a, 
Burgess to speak rebellious words, and acted himself in a 
most irreverent and saucy manner. These and all the 
new officers were, through his means, factiously elected. 
He commanded the common officer to seize Serj.-Major 
Huncks and sharply reproved the master of the ship to 
which Huncks escaped for entertaining him one night, &c. 

July 18. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. 
John Dell, to command the Advantage, to be employed in the 
West Indies for Spanish prizes. [Minute. Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., p. 152.] 

July 18. Instructions for Capt. John Dell, commander of the Advantage, 
Concerning the taking of Spanish prizes. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., pp. 152-53.] . 

July 23. 29. Report of the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations. The 
Privy Council, upon petition of Lawrence Evans against Fran 



Poythres, recommend, because of a notorious deficiency in the 
prosecution by those entrusted by Evans with his cause, that letters 
be addressed to the new Governor of Virginia, now going thence, 
for a new hearing of the differences between them. 

July. Minutes of several Meetings of the Company of Providence 

Island. Articles agreed upon with Capt. Dell and others, for setting 
forth the Advantage to be employed as a man-of-war in the West 
Indies. On 1 1th July a letter was directed to Capt. Butler, Governor 
of Providence [not found}, and on the 18th commission and 
instructions for Capt. Dell were signed. [Colonial Entry Blc., 
Vol. III., p. 366.] 

[July 28.] 30. Petition of the Governor and Company of London for planta- 
tion of the Somers Islands to the Commissioners for Foreign 
Plantations. Have been a Company about 28 years, during which 
time the planters in those islands are become so numerous that of 
late, several have inconsiderately dispersed themselves. About 130 
" transplanted " themselves to the island of St. Lucia last year, 
without provisions or ammunition befitting a plantation, where they 
have been assaulted by the savages, and suffered very much sickness, 
so that not one was in health. Understanding that four or five 
hundred more are ready to leave the island, and that many more might 
depart, because of the increase of people and strangers of the place, 
pray, by reason of an agreement formerly made with the Virginia 
Company, for a grant of land between the rivers Rapahannock and 
Patowmac. Underwritten, is a reference to the Sub-committee for 
Foreign Plantations for their report, 1639, Juty 28. 
On the same sheet is the annexed, 

30. I. Report of the Sub-committee to the Commissioners for 
Foreign Plantations. Conceive that a grant of the land 
prayed for by the petitioners, which is uninhabited and not 
passed to any others, may be very fit and convenient. The 
Company desire that the grant may be exempted from the 
jurisdiction of Virginia as in other similar grants, but 
if hereafter adjudged to be again restored to Virginia, 
they will also submit their grant. 1639, Aug. 10. 

July 30. 31 . Report of the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations to the 
Privy Council. Upon petition of Edmund Dawber, administra- 
tor of the estate of Sir Thomas Gates, deceased. That a similar 
letter to that written to the Earls of Dorset and Danby, and 
bearing date 30 Nov. 1632, be addressed to the Governor and 
Council of Virginia, on behalf of the petitioner, for the full 
recovery of the estate in that colony, belonging to Sir Thos. Gates, 

Auy. 10. 32. Report of the Sub-committee for Foreign Plantations to the 
Privy Council. Upon petition of Anthony Panton, Rector of York, 
and Cheskiack in Virginia, against Richard Kemp, Sec. of that 
colony. The whole matter should be referred to the new 


1639. , 

Governor going there, and to the Council, but Sir John Harvey 
and the Secretary should not assist as Councillors. Recommend, 
the petitioner being willing to return to justify himself, that the 
former sentence should be suspended. 

1639? 33. Petition of Anthony Panton, Rector of York, and Cheskiack 

in Virginia, to the Privy Council. Upon report from the Com- 
missioners for Foreign Plantations, letters were directed to Sir 
Francis Wyatt, the present Governor of Virginia, to suspend that 
part of an injurious sentence against the petitioner, concerning his 
banishment. Prays, inasmuch as at the rehearing of his cause he 
has no doubt of establishing his innocence and integrity, that 
directions may be given to deliver his estate, detained by Sir John 
Harvey, who has already wasted part of it, into the hands of 
Governor Wyatt, and in case the petitioner is found innocent, to 
restore him to his cure. [Underwritten is a mem. that the Lords 
first letter was dated 1 1 Aug. 1639.] 

Aug. 20. 34. The Earl of Stirling's confirmation of the sale of lands on 
Long Island, by his deputy, James Farrett, to Edward Howell, Daniel 
How, Job Sayer, and their associates [see ante, p. 298, No. 25]. 

Aug. 30. 35. The Company of the Somers- Islands to " Our noble Governor 
the Earl of Dorset." In answer to complaints contained in the 
Archbishop of Canterbury's letter, altogether strange to them, and 
which they conceive could not have been if the Governor, Minister, 
and Council had been as suggested. Have always taken care that 
the discipline of the Church of England should be used in the islands, 
and have sent over Books of Homilies and of Common Prayer, which 
are daily used in their several churches, and strict commands have been 
given to the Governor and Council to see their orders obeyed. 
Have to the uttermost of their power, enjoined conformity to the 
Church, according to the Archbishop's and his Lordship's pleasure. 
The Governor and all the officers, except Mr. Golding, were ap- 
pointed long before the present Deputy was elected. [Draft, with 

[Sept. 2.] Petition of Howard Horsey to the King. An annual rent of 
1 2ci upon every 50 acres in Virginia, reserved to the King, has never 
been paid, and the Receiver General is lately dead without giving 
any account of his service, in regard to his great charges and trouble, 
because of the wildness of the plantation. The rent being a badge 
of sovereignty which ought not to be omitted, and the petitioner 
settled there having great experience, and able to raise the rent to a 
good value, prays for a grant of the office of Receiver General, and 
a lease for 14 years, or the nomination of two lives at a reasonable 
rate, for which he will pay a yearly rent, to be estimated, with power 
to compound for arrears, and survey all lands granted by patent or 
order of Court. With reference to the Lord Keeper, Lord Treasurer, 
Earl of Dorset and Lord Cottington to report on the whole business. 
Whitehall, 1639, Sept. 2. [DOMESTIC Car. I., Entry Bk., Petitions, 
1638-40, p. 43.] 



Sept. 4. 

Sept. ? 

Sept 29. 

Ferry land. 

Sept. 30. 


VOL. X. 

36. The Company of the Somers Islands to the Governor and 
Council there. The Archbishop of Canterbury has been informed 
that a great part of their Company in general, the Governor and 
Council and others in special, are non-conformists. They are 
therefore strictly required to carry out the directions received about 
two years ago, that the Books of Homilies and Common Prayer be 
read in all their churches ; that when the Holy Sacrament is re- 
ceived the reverent posture of kneeling be adopted, and that the 
ministers use the accustomed prayers and decent ceremony of 
signing with the cross in baptism. Endorsed, " Copy of part of the 
letter sent by the Dorset to the Somers Islands." 

37. Petition of the merchants, masters, and owners of four ships 
bound to Virginia to the Privy Council. For licence to clear their 
vessels, passengers, and provisions at Gravesend, and that the pas- 
sengers may be there examined, and take the oaths of allegiance 
and supremacy as is usual. Annexed, 

37. I. List of provisions on board the William and Sara, the 
George, the Charity, and the Charles, with 1 00 passengers 
on eich [not named"]. 

37. II. Licence for the William and Sara, with passengers and 

provisions, to pass on her intended voyage to Virginia 
lG39,Sept. 15. [Draft.] 

38. " Reply to the answer to the description of Newfoundland." 
The last design presented to the King by the present Lords Pro- 
prietors of Newfoundland for plantation, fortification, trade of fishing, 
and imposition of strangers, having been strongly opposed by the 
merchants of the West of England, a brief description of that country 
and the commodities which might accrue to adventurers was delivered 
to Philip Earl of Pembroke, 25 Jan. 1639. On 7th Feb. answer 
was returned in confutation of the pretended commodities. This 
paper is the reply divided into eight separate heads : fishing, buying 
and making of salt, making of pot-ashes, brewing and baking, iron- 
works, impositions upon strangers, and trade. " Against our hopes of 
trade " is an account of the barbarous slaughter of Frenchmen by the 
Indians, who, clothing themselves in the apparel of the slain, sur- 
prised and killed 21 more on the next day. About 20 years since 
Alderman Guy, of Bristol, who remained with his family two years 
in Newfoundland, especially aimed at a trade with the Indians. 
Curious description of the success of Capt. Whittington, employed 
by Guy for that purpose. Reasons why the Indians, every fishing 
season, do all the mischief they can amongst the fishermen. The 
writer is not without hopes that they may be brought by fair entreaty, 
to trade again, which may be very profitable, and their Lordships are 
strongly encouraged to proceed in the course begun, because of the 
weakness of the reasons against it. Endorsed by Archbishop Laud, 
" Rec. Feb. 9, 1640." 

39. Robt. Earl of Warwick to Sec. Windebank. Sends declara- 
tion of Capt. Newman's case and beseeches him to prosecute their 
[the Company of Adventurers for Providence Island] relief, accord- 



ing to the King's direction. The delays interposed by the state 
of Flanders, have been very prejudicial and chargeable. The close 
of the declaration for restitution of the ship and goods in question, 
and release of the master, contains the suit of himself and those 
interested. Incloses, 

39. I. State of the matter in difference, concerning the taking by 
a freebooter of Dunkirk of Capt. Titos. Neiuman, and the 
ship and pinnace set forth by the Company of Adventurers 
Jor the plantation of Providence Island. 

Oct. 2. 40. Sir David Kirke to Archbishop Laud. Acknowledges his 
Fen-yiand. good wishes for their prosperity in that country, after the King, by 
patent, had granted it "to us." Out of 100 persons they took over, 
only one died of sickness. The temperature and general state 
of the country is described at large in the relations transmitted to 
the Company [see ante, No. 38], The air of Newfoundland agrees 
perfectly well with all God's creatures except Jesuits and schismatics. 
" A great mortality amongst the former tribe so affrighted iny Lord 
of Baltimore that he utterly deserted the country." Of the other 
sect, many frenzies are heard from their next neighbouring planta- 
tion, " the greatest His Majty hath in America." Their chiefest 
safety is a strict observance of the rites and service of the Church of 
England. Doubts not but the country will be numerously peopled 
in a short time. Endorsed by Laud, " Rec. Jan. 1640." 

Nov. 19. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. John Pym acquaints 
Warwick House, the Company that Capt. Rous has returned from Spain, leaving his 
friends at St. Lucar engaged to pay several sums of money for him, 
by reason of the small supplies he received for his maintenance. 
An allowance agreed to be made to him, the Company being 
bound by law to incur the expenses of Capt. Rous' restraint. 
{Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 367.] 

Nov. 27. 41. Minute of proceedings at a Quarter Court of the Somers 
Watling Street. Islands Company. Concerning Richard Caswell, who confessed to 
having given information to the Archbishop of Canterbury, as to 
the discipline used in the churches in those islands, and the non-con- 
formity of the Deputy Governor and most of the ministers and 
Council there ; he is to be suspended from his place in Court 
until the business is finally determined. Endorsed, " Copy of that 
part of the Court that concerns Mr. Caswell's business." 

Nov. Note of monies to be provided by certain members of the Com- 

pany for Providence Island, for the payment of so much called in ; 
and estimate of the proportions to be contributed by each ad- 
venturer. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 368-69.] 

Dec. 9. Robert Earl of Warwick lo Mr. Webster. A proposition has been 
made to the Company of Adventurers for Providence, by the West 
India Company of Holland, for sale of that island. They are 
informed that the Company of Holland are willing to treat respecting 
it. Desire him to speak with Andries Van Haard, of Amsterdam, 


1G39. VOL. X. 

and ascertain the probabilities of bringing tins proposition to a 
reasonable issue. If there are rational encouragement, requests him 
to furnish the bearer " the instrument from whom this matter 
received motion first," with money to defray his expenses, and to 
favour him and the business with his friendly advice and assistance. 
Reminds him of Mr. Rudd's business, who has not yet reimbursed 
the residue of the money which came into his hands. This letter 
was written by desire of the Company. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. IV., p. 154.] 

Dec. 9. Minute. Some propositions having been made to the Company of 
Providence, about the sale of that island to the West India Com- 
pany of Holland, a letter was this day written by the Earl of 
Warwick to Mr. Webster of Amsterdam, as to the probability of 
effecting any thing thereupon. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 367.] 

Dec. 1 6. Commission to Hen. Ashton, Peter Hay, and others, declaring in 
the King's name, that Henry Huncks is appointed Governor of 
Barbadoes, and requiring Henry Hawley forthwith to yield up the 
office to him. [Minute, Colonial Corresp., 1607, Jan. 9.] 

1 639 ? 42. Petition of Kinborough, wife of Capt. Henry Hawley, now 

absent in His Majesty's service in Barbadoes, to the King. Under- 
stands that complaints in the name of Lord Carlisle, grounded upon 
misinformations by those who aim at his ruin, are laid against her 
husband, who is employed in the government of Barbadoes, and 
by special commission in treating with other plantations for regu- 
lating tobacco. Recites the nature of those accusations : pretences 
of a great debt due from Hawley to Lord Carlisle; unlawful 
assumption of the government of Barbadoes ; refusal to permit a 
letter from the King to be read, and withdrawing the fealty and 
duties belonging to Carlisle, and not permitting the usual prayers 
for him in the Church ; to all of which the petitioner doubts not 
to be able to give satisfaction. Prays that the examination may be 
referred to the Privy Council, so that her husband's innocency may 
not be wounded in his absence. 

1 039 ? 43. [The King] to the Governor and Council of Virginia. To 

continue Richard Kemp in the office of Secretary of State in the 
Colony, and Registrar of casks, to certify the invoices of tobacco ; 
granting him licence to come to England on private affairs, and 
appoint a deputy during his absence. Endorsed, " The effect of a 
letter which Sec. Windebank is humbly desired by Lords Maltravers 
and Baltimore to get signed for Mr. Kemp." 

1639 ? Instructions for restraining the excessive planting of tobacco ; not 

above 1,200,000 wt. per annum, to be planted during the next two 
years, so that the price may be advanced. [Minute, Colonial Corresp., 
1609, p. 1.] 

1639 ? 44. Petition of Samuel Vassall, William Felgate, and Maurice 

Thompson, of London, merchants, to the Privy Council. Have freighted 



1639 ? 

for voyages to St. Christopher's and Virginia, the Anne and the James 
of London, heretofore stayed by a general stay in the Thames, but 
released because of the necessity for supplies in those plantations. 
Driven by contrary minds into Plymouth, they are again detained 
to the great damage of the petitioners, having on board 200 
passengers besides mariners. Pray for a warrant for release of 
the ships. 

1639 ? 45. Petition of Ralph Wyatt to the King. Served in the Isle of 

Rhe, where he was wounded, but received no recompence for the 
costs of surgery. Has married the widow of Capt. William Button, 
to whom certain land was assigned in Virginia, amounting to 7,000 
acres, which is now in possession of the petitioner. Prays for the 
confirmation of it, under the Great Seal, in right of his wife. 


Jan. 10. 46. Justices of the Peace of Exeter to the Privy Council. Several 
Exeter. petitions have been received from merchants, fishermen, and others, 
complaining of injuries in Newfoundland, by Sir David Kirke and 
his company, planters there. The cook-rooms and stages have been 
destroyed, and the principal places for fishing disposed of to aliens. 
Taverns, which are expressly forbidden by the Privy Council, have 
been set up by Kirke, whereby the fishermen waste their estates and 
grow disorderly. It is requested that some timely course may be 
taken for prevention of such abuses. Signed by the Bishop of 
Exeter and fifteen others. 

Jan. 1 0. 47. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petitions of the inhabitants 
of Barbadoes, and of Edward Cranfield and Edward Shelley, now 
attending the King and Council from that island ; directing copies 
of these petitions to be given to Lord Carlisle and Sir Jas. and 
Arch. Hay, who are requested, with all parties concerned, to 
attend on Wednesday the 15th, when their business will be heard. 

Jan. 15. 48. Order of the Privy Council. Upon a petition formerly presented 
Whitehall, to the King, in the name of the inhabitants of Barbadoes, concerning 
the commission for Serj. -Major Huncks to be Governor of that 
island, and the King's letter of approval of 16th March last. 
Declaring that respect and obedience should have been given to both 
those instruments, that Serj. -Major Huncks ought to have been 
admitted to the government, and if there were just cause as to his 
right of the place, their reasons of grievances should then have been 
represented. The inhabitants of the island are ordered to receive 
Serj.-Major Huncks, or any other Governor appointed by Lord 
Carlisle, and ratified by the Kiog, and if the friends of Capt. Hawley 
within ten days, put in sufficient security for 20,000. to attend the 
Privy Council within four months, he is to have liberty to repair 
thither as a freeman without impeachment, otherwise the new 
Governor and the King's Commissioners are required to send him 
over prisoner and sequestrate his estate. 




Jan. 1 7. 49. Order of the Privy Council, requiring the Lord Treasurer to 
give directions to the officers of customs to clear the Neptune, of 
Bristol, bound to New England with 125 passengers and provisions. 
With list of provisions annexed. 

Jan. 17. 50. Similar order for the Fellowship, of Bristol, with 250 passen- 
gers and provisions for New England. With list of provisions 

Jan. 17. 51. Similar order for the Desire, of New England, with 50 
passengers and provisions for New England. With list of provisions 

Jan. 17- Similar order for the William and George, with 180 passengers. 
[Minute, on same sheet as the preceding] With list of provisions 

Jan. 19. 52. Similar order for the Sparrow, of New England, 50 tons, 
hound for New England, with 50 passengers and provisions. With 
list of provisions annexed. 

Jan. 19. The like for the Merchant Adventurer, of London, 300 tons, with 
180 passengers and provisions, for New England. [Minute, on 
same sheet as the preceding] With list of provisions annexed. 

Jan. 19. The like for the Scipio, of London, 300 tons, with 180 passengers 
and provisions for New England. [Minute, on same sheet as 
No. 52.] With list of provisions annexed. 

[Jan. 25.] Petition of James Marquis of Hamilton, Philip Earl of Pembroke 
and Montgomery, Henry Earl of Holland, and the rest of the 
adventurers to Newfoundland, to the King. John Kirke, manager 
of their business in London, f sold to Nathan Wright and Richard 
Crandley, merchants, of London, 6,000 quintals of Newfoundland 
fish, at 10s. per quintal, far under the value, on condition of setting 
out the Confident as a man-of-war, to attend the petitioners' fleet ; 
but Edward Mabb, the master, discovering to the French that he 
was no man-of-war, the French afterwards refused to pay any more 
ground leave, and Wright and Crandley will not pay for the 1,000 
quintals of fish, value ],346., previously delivered by the French, 
Pray that the business may be referred to some honourable persons 
to determine. With reference to the Lord Keeper, Lord Privy Seal, 
Earl of Dorset, and Sec. Windebank, to examine the differences and 
report to the King. Whitehall, 1640, Jan 25. [DOMESTIC Car. I., 
Entry Bk., Petitions, 1638-40, p. 69.] 

Jan. 26. 53. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of Stephen Good- 
yeare, merchant, and Richard Russell, partner and master of the St. 
John of London, about to proceed to Newfoundland and Spain, 
granting them leave to carry goods and passengers to New England, 
upon their taking the oaths of allegiance at Gravesend. [Draft] 

Jan. 27. 54. Affidavit of Thos. Chappell, that he showed the order of the 
Privy Council of the 15th January, concerning Barbadoesand Capt. 
Henry Hawley, to Edward Cranfield and Edward Shelley, and gave 
a true copy to Cranfield. 

u 2 




Jan. 28. 


VOL. X. 

55. Sir Ferd. Gorges to Sec. Wmdebank. Perceives by letters 
received from New England that had he not lately obtained the 
grant from the King, he should not have been master of more land 




receives commands. 

56. Petition of Sir Ferdinando Gorges to the Privy Council. His 
affairs in New England require that he should send over for better 
settling his estate arid reformation of disorders, and there being 
many persons conformable to the orders of this Church about to go, 
who, because of the proclamation for a general restraint, are stayed, 
prays for leave to set forth from Bristol, where he dwells, shipping, 
necessary for the use of himself and private friends willing to join 
for the better planting those parts, belonging to him. Laud has 
written beneath, " Nihil." 

57. The Privy Council to the Governor and Council of Virginia- 
Requiring them to consider an act of Court in Virginia of 26 March 
1689, allowing Thos. Stegg and Jeremy Blackman to furnish that 
plantation with horses and such like beasts of carriage, and to 
export from thence the like number of neat cattle, and to confirm 
the same unless they see cause to do otherwise. 

Feb. 6. Minutes of a General Court for Providence Island. Relating 
Warwick House, exclusively to the financial condition of the Company. [Colonial 
Entry Bk. } Vol. III., pp. 369-72.] 

Feb. 20. Minutes of a Committee for Providence Island. Mr. Warner 
Warwick I louse, having been taken with Capt. Newman, and long a prisoner at Dun- 
kirk, 70Z. is ordered to be paid to him as an allowance for his charges. 
The money out of the prize goods to be paid to Capt. Wil. Rous for 
his expenses at St. Lucar, and other allowances made to him in 
respect of his sufferings in the Company's service. 501. to be paid 
for John Butler's ransom, he having been taken by the Turks in 
the Mary. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 372-73.] 

[Feb. 22.] Petition of James, Earl of Carlisle, Sir James Hay, and Archi- 
bald Hay to the King. The Caribbee or Carlisle Islands were 
assigned, with other estates of the late Earl, to the petitioners, in 
trust for payment of his debts. Have obtained by the King's 
favour, a commission to divers of good quality and judgment, for 
better government of those islands, and furtherance of the planta- 
tions there. The present Earl is advised that the right of govern- 
ment is descended to him, but the other petitioners conceive it 
belongs to them as well; this difference is some impediment to their 
proceedings, which they are very desirous may be settled. Pray 
that referees may be appointed to determine the difference for 
advancement of the plantation, and the petitioners' profit for pay- 
ment of the above debts. With reference to the Lord Chief Justice 




of the Common Pleas to consult with the Attorney General and 
other counsel, and certify their opinion to whom the right of 
government belongs. Commission to be prepared for better govern- 
ment of the islands as desired. Whitehall, 1640, Feb. 22. [DOMESTIC 
Car. I., Entry Bk., Petitions, 1638-40, p. 76.] 

Feb. 25. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Agreement with 
Maurice Thompson to send, with all convenient speed, a ship of 
about 1 50 tons, with a magazine, to Providence ; the Mary, which 
sailed on a design for Darien, having been taken by the Turks in 
August last, and the project about the gold ore interrupted. Com- 
mission to be granted to the master for a man-of-war in the West 
Indies, with reservation of one-third of the goods taken. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. III., p. 373.] 

Feb. 25. Articles of Agreement between the Company of Providence 
Island and Maurice Thompson, about setting forth a ship of 150 
tons, a magazine, containing 1,000 pair of shoes, 1,000 shirts, 1,000 
pair of canvas drawers, half a ton of iron, three chaldron of coal, 
30 cases of strong waters, and other things, to be sold in the colony. 
Thompson to have a commission for taking Spanish prizes in the 
West Indies. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. IV., p. 154.] 

March 10. 58. Commission by Sir Fcrdinando Gorges, Lord Proprietor and 
owner of the Province of Maine in New England, appointing Sir 
Thomas Joscelyn, Richard Vines, Francis Champernoun, his nephew, 
Henry Joscelyn, Rich. Bonithon, Will. Hocke, and Edward Godfrey 
the Council of the province ; also Ordinances for better government 
thereof. A viem. is added that these ordinances were renewed with 
certain additions and alterations, which are set forth, and were sent 
to the Province of Maine, with copy of Gorges' patent ; also copy of 
a letter of attorney to Thomas. Gorges, dispatched at same time. 

March 10. 59. Another copy of the above. 

March 1 6. Mem. Commission was signed this day by John Pym, Dep. Gov., 
and others of the Company of Providence Island, appointing 
Ed\v. Thompson, commander of the Hopewell, bound to the West 
Indies, to be there employed as a man-of-war. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. HI., p. 373.] 

March 20. 60. Richard Kemp, Sec. of Virginia, to [Robt. Reade]. Acknow- 
Jaines City, ledges his favour and Lord Baltimore's friendship, concerning a letter 
to be written by the King, to the new Governor and Council of 
Virginia, giving him licence to repair to England, and confirming 
him in his place of Secretary. Is very grateful to Sec. Windebank 
for his mediation in the first part. Never preferred any desire to 
Lord Baltimore concerning the last clause, and would rather be 
dismissed from his employment, if leave to return home cannot 
otherwise be procured for him. Would, if continued in the place, 
make Reade's brother his deputy during his absence, to whom he 
be^s some clothing and linen, and two men, may be sent. Incloses, 




VOL. X. 

60. i. The King to the Governor and Council of Virginia. 
Rufford, 1 636, Aug 4. [See Calendar, ante p. 239, No. 20.] 

March 20. 61. Richard Kemp to Sec. Windebank. Since Sir Fran. Wyatt's 
James City, arrival, they of the old commission have been persecuted with much 
[Virginia.] ma ]j ce ^ particularly Sir John Harvey, whose estate is wholly seques- 
trated, and who wishes to repair to England during the year. 
Requests the King's licence to go to England next year, with power 
to appoint Geo. Reade his deputy during his absence. 

March 24. Mem. That two letters were signed on this day by John Pym, 
Deputy Governor, and other members of the Company of 
Providence Island for Capt. Butler, the Governor, and the Governor 
and Council there ; concerning the Mary being taken by the Turks ; 
encouragement to the colony, and declaring their pleasure that the 
Hopewell should have free trade in the island. [Colonial Entry 
Bk., Vol. III., p. 373.] 

March 25. 62. Sir Francis Wyatt, Governor of Virginia, to [Sec. Windebank ?] 
Since his arrival in the colony they have been wholly taken up 
about the regulation of tobacco ; the bad has been destroyed and 
half the good, as the only means to raise the price " and though the 
physic seems sharp yet I hope it will bring the body of the colony 
to a sounder constitution of health than ever it enjoyed before." 
Hopes to find him a patron to protect them against any causeless 
complaint concerning it. Requests a Privy Seal for the fines and 
amerciments and other the like profits usually enjoyed by his prede- 
cessors. Endorsed, " Rec. at Whitehall 5 June 1640." 

March 30. 63. List of names of the passengers shipped in the Virgin of 
Southampton. Hampton, of 60 tons, John Weare, master, for Barbadoes, all having 

taken the oaths of allegiance and supremacy. On the same sheet is 


63. I. The names of such as were sworn and passed in the same 

ship 8 April ; also names of passengers from South- 
ampton from 22 Dec. 1638 to 30 Jan. 1640. 

April 24. 64. Richard Kemp, Sec. of Virginia, to Robert Reade. Craves 
James City, his assistance for the bearer, Mr. Higginson, whose strength will 
be added to his cause. Is extremely injured and will suffer without 
guilt unless assisted by his friends, being bandied between the Sub- 
committee and the new Governor and Council of Virginia, who aim 
at his ruin Endorsed, " Rec. 28 June, by Mr. Higgenson." Incloses, 

64. I. Rich. Kemp to Lord Baltimore. Relates at some length 

the cause between himself and Panton, a 'minister who 
was last year banished from the colony by Sir John 
Harvey and the Council, and begs his interest with the 
Archbishop of Canterbury that he may be satisfied with 
his conduct and preserved against injury and malice. 
James City, 1 640, April 24. 


1640. VoL ' X ' 

64. ii. Certificate of the Governor and Council of Virginia, 
touching certain speeches betiueen Rich. Kemp, Secretary, 
and Anthony Panton, banished from the colony upon 
eviction of mutinous, rebellious, and riotous actions. 
1639, Oct. 29. 

64. in. Rich. Kemp to Sec. Windebank. Describes his sufferings 
through the malicious complaints of Panton ; recapitu- 
lates many of the circumstances against Panton, and 
desires Windebank to represent to my Lord of Canterbury 
the proofs of his innocence in any disrespect towards him, 
" to whom he humbly bends with all reverence and 
humility." James City, 1 640, April 24. 

April 24. 65. Rich. Kemp to Sec. Windebank. Copy of the preceding 
Inclosure, No. III. 

April 24. 66. George Reade to his brother Robert, secretary to Sec. Winde- 

James City, bank. Business accounts. Desires he will, with the remainder of 

ir & ima -J his money, supply him with two servants, who may be very well. 

transported to Virginia for 10?. per man, with bedding, clothes, and 

all things fitting. Sec. Kemp intends going to England to clear 

himself of Panton's vile aspersions, who being gone, Reade has no 

friend left. Expects no favour from the change of government. 

Endorsed, " Rec. 28 June/' 

May 6. 67. Sir John Harvey to Sec. Windebank. Is so narrowly watched 
Point Comfort that he has " scarce time of privacy " to write. His estate has already 
igmiaj. been torn from him, and his passage to England denied, notwith- 
standing his many bodily infirmities, which are beyond the skill of 
the colony. Requests the King's warrant to repair to England, 
where he will give an account of his services and sufferings. 

May 7. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Letters brought by 
Warwick House, the Swallow are read, which contain great complaints against Capt. 
Butler. A commission of inquiry to be applied for, concerning the 
embezzlement of goods on board the ship. Request of Capt. 
Bell for money for his cattle ; he declares that he will submit to the 
award of John Hampden and his brother Sir Robt. Bell, concerning 
his salary ; referred for consideration. Any addition to the 701. 
already allowed Mr. Warner for his expenses at Dunkirk refused. 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 374.] 

May 9. Minutes as above. Further allowance to Mr. Warner refused. 
Warwick House. Capt. Elfrith petitions for satisfaction for his services in the island, 
but no answer is returned, the Company conceiving nothing justly 
due. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 374.] 

May 11. Minutes as above. Advice having been received that Capt. Sam. 
Axe had arrived at Plymouth with the Swallow, and in her some 
goods of value taken in the West Indies, resolved that a commission 
of inquiry out of the. Admiralty Court be sent down. Several 
merchants and others are appointed to take an inventory of her 




May 12. 

May 16. 

May [27]. 


May [27]. 

May 27. 

June 2. 

June 9. 

VOL. X. 

lading, " being gold, silver, jewels, or other goods of value/' 
Instructions agreed on. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 

News letter [from Edmund Rossingham]. Last Wednesday the 
Earl of Warwick, Lord Say, Lord Brooke, Sir Walter Earl, John 
Pym, and John Hampden, all Parliament men, had all their papers 
taken from them. Lord Brooke had a discourse taken from him 
between Mr. Cotton, a minister in New England, and Mr. Bull, 
concerning the English Church Liturgy, one maintaining it against 
the other; he had also some petitions from silenced ministers com- 
plaining of grievances. [Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 

Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Twenty shillings each 
to be paid to John Dunning and William Ilford, seamen, late 
of Capt. Newman's company. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 375.] 

68. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of the merchants, 
masters, and owners of the Charles of Gloucester, freighted for a 
voyage to the Foreign Plantations and from thence to Newfound- 
land, granting them licence to take 100 passengers, upon taking the 
oath of allegiance ; list of goods and provisions underwritten. 
[Draft, ivith corrections.'] 

69. Similar order. Upon petition of the merchants, owners, and 
master of the Amity, to take 120 passengers to the plantations; 
list of goods and provisions underwritten. [Draft.'] 

Minutes of letters from the Company of Providence Island, 
to Abrah. Jennens. Concerning the freight of the Swallow, seamen's 
wages, and harbour charges, passengers, embezzlers of the Com- 
pany's goods, and other matters connected with the vessel. To 
examine concerning Capt. Butler compounding for Truxillo at 
16,000 pieces of eight ; a safe way will be thought of to send up 
the plate, pearls, &c. To Capt. Axe, with directions for payment 
of the seamen's wages, the "lodging" of the Swallow and her 
freight ; and to Mr. Darrell, desiring his care about his commission 
for recovery of what has been embezzled, and giving him liberty to 
return when that is accomplished. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., 
p. 376.] 

Minutes of letters from the Company of Providence Island to 
Capt. Axe ; explaining their reason for the commission, " not in 
respect of any jealousy of him ;" that he is to deliver the plate and 
jewels [in the Swallow] or an inventory to the Commissioners. To 
Abrah. Jennens ; directions about the disposal of the Swallow's 
freight. And to Mr. Darrell ; thanks for his pains, request he will 
endeavour " the recovery of the pearls, though at a good rate." 
[Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. ///., pp. 376-77.] 

Minute of a letter from the Company of Providence Island to 
Abrah. Jennens. Directions for speedily paying off the seamen of 




VOL. X. 

the Swallow, and concerning the tobacco, and other portions of her 
freight. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., p. 377.] 

- June 19. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Opinion of Capt. Nath. 
Warwick House. Butler, who had returned in the Swallow, touching the state of the 
island, the Continent of Cape Gratia de Dios, and other places. 
Payment to be made to Kempo Sabada for his services as pilot in 
the voyage of Capt. Newman. {Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. III., pp. 

June 20. Minutes as above. That two of the late planters of Association 
Warwick House, communicated the state of that island, and presented a petition 
from the 300 inhabitants there ; also a letter from Capt. James, the 
President, and a paper containing several propositions, referring to 
the island. About an allowance to Capt. Bell for his cattle, and a 
shallop built at the Cape, by Capt. Elfrith, for the Company's service. 
Capt. Butler promises to answer in writing, certain charges brought 
against him, in letters from Providence. Concerning the payment 
of his " stipend" as Governor and Admiral. [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. 1 1 I., pp. 378-79.] 

June 23. 70. Henry Ashton, Peter Hay, Wil. Powrey, and Dan. Fletcher, 
Barbadoes. the King's Commissioners at Barbadoes, " in the business between the 
Earl of Carlisle and Capt. Hawley," to the King. Have proclaimed 
His Majesty's pleasure, to which the people rendered willing 
obedience. Capt. Hawley has formally resigned the government, 
and, with his principal abettors, has acknowledged his offence and 
submission. Hawley 's liberal distribution of power was the cloud 
between the eyes of the people and the clearness cf the King's 
intentions ; he has confessed to a hope of securing an estate upon 
the island, for which he was not willing to account, but which they 
have sequestred. Recalled Major Hunks from Antigua, who was 
very welcome to the people, and is settled in the government. 
HaAvley is sent home in the custody of John Hanruer, one of the 
Commissioners, who carries over a full account of the business. 
[See ante, 16 Dec. 1639, p. 305.] 

1640? 71. Petition of William Madison, merchant, to the Privy Council. 

Capt. Hen. Hawley, late Governor of Barbadoes, about 1638, left 
his brother, Capt. William Hawley, Deputy, who, without just cause, 
seized to his own use the goods and estates, to the value of about 
400., of the petitioner's brothers, Timothy and George Madison, 
deceased, which are still detained from him. Both the Hawleys 
being removed from the island, and the petitioner's estate in seques- 
tration, prays that he may be satisfied out of Capt. Hen. Hawley's 
estate, now sequestred by order of the King. 

June 23. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Capt. Butler's 
Warwick House. stipend " to be paid. Concerning goods belonging to Capt. Butler, 
brought home in the Swallow. Demands of the seamen of the 
Happy Return and of Mr. Warner for his disbursements at Dunkirk. 
Capt. Fload to attend on Tuesday next, touching a petition received 
from the planters of Association. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. Ill 
pp. 379-80.] 



June 25. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Capt. Fload attends 

Warwick House, to clear himself of certain charges brought against him by the 

planters of Tortugas ; agreed that he was duly chosen Governor of 

Association. Demands of John Baynes, late a carpenter of Providence. 

[Colonial Entry BL, Vol. ///., . 380.] 

June 26. Minutes as above. Agreement with Peter Eldred for purchase of 
Warwick House, indigo brought home in the Swallow, at 10s. per Ib. Mrs. Bell's 
request for tobacco belonging to her husband to be considered. The 
Governor of Providence to be required to assist Capt. Nich. Parker 
in recovering certain goods there. The proposition of the planters of 
Association having been agreed to, letters to be prepared accordingly. 
[Colonial Entry Bk, Vol III., p. 380-81.] 

June 30. 72. Minute of proceedings at a Court of the Somers Islands 
Company. Copies of the accusation and proceedings against Rich. 
Caswell, ordered at his request, to be given to him, but not of the 
paper from the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Aug. 25. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Ten pounds to be 
Warwick House, paid to Mr. Acton for masts for the Spy. Accounts. [Colonial 
Entry BL, Vol. III., pp. 381-83.] 

Aug. 27. [The King] to the Governor and Council of Virginia. Commands 
them to admit George Reade to the place of Secretary, in the absence 
of Rich. Kemp, who has lately arrived in England ; with power to 
enjoy all fees and perquisites belonging to the office. [Docquet. 
DOMESTIC Car. /.] 

Aug. 27. [The King] to the Governor and Council of Virginia. Requires 
them by the first shipping to cause John West, Sam. Mathews, 
Wil. Peirce, and Geo. Menefie, to be sent to England, in safe custody, 
to answer an information in the Star Chamber at the King's suit. 
[Docquet. DOMESTIC Car. /.] 

1640? 73. Petition of Serjeant-Major Donne, on behalf of Sir John 
Harvey, Governor of Virginia, to the King. Upon special direction 
John West, Sam. Mathews, Will. Peirce, Geo. Menefie, and Fran. 
Pott, were sent prisoners to England, and proceeded against in the 
Star Chamber for deposing their Governor, and other offences. They 
have taken advantage of the petitioner's ill health and the present 
want of Sir John Harvey to follow the suit, and have by petition, 
obtained reference to the Lord Keeper and Attorney General, to 
report upon their case. Prays that the nature and dangerous con- 
sequences of their offences may be considered, and Gov. Harvey be 
heard by counsel with all speed, that they may be punished as they 

Aug. ? 74. Petition of Rich. Kemp, Secretary of Virginia, to the King. 
In a late petition he set forth the reasons of his repair to England 
upon His Majesty's service, and prayed that the business might be 
referred to " the Lords Committees." Has since heard that it has 
been returned to the Sub -committee, upon information unknown to 




Sept. 6. 

Sept. 9. 

Sept. 12. 


VOL. X. 

the petitioner. Prays, as a person that has faithfully served His 
Majesty in Virginia six years, and at great cost repaired to England 
to plead in the King's behalf, that the reference to his petition may 
be renewed to the Lords Committees, and the petitioner heard when 
His Majesty is present in Council. 

75. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of the merchants, 
master, and owners of the Honor, representing that their vessel came 
from Virginia in May last, laden with tobacco and other commo- 
dities, and paid large sums of money for custom, and requesting 
permission to take over passengers and provisions thither ; directing 
the necessary orders to be given, as desired. 

76. Order of the Privy Council. Upon petition of the merchants, 
owners, and masters of ships, mariners and fishermen of Devon, 
complaining against Sir David Kirke and other planters residing in 
Newfoundland ; directing a commission to be issued for the western 
parts, to examine into the truth of the matters in controversy. 
[Draft, with corrections.'] 

77. Sir David Kirke to the Privy Council. Their letters of the 
llth March last have been received, with many complaints of the 
west country owners and fishermen against him. Protests that all 
the allegations are false. Stages and cook-rooms have been pulled 
down by the fishermen themselves, insomuch that the masters com- 
plained to him of those outrages. Has sent warrants to all planters 
and fishermen to see the clauses in the 9th of His Majesty's reign 
duly kept. Hopes by good proofs, to clear himself from causeless 
clamours against him. Whoever would interrupt the fishing of 
Newfoundland is worthy the name of a traitor. 

78. Names of ports and places in the West of England and else- 
where that use the fishing trade of Newfoundland. 

79. Rich. Breton to [Sec. Windebank]. The share of each ad- 
venture to Newfoundland being divided equally between the owners 
of the ship, the victuallers, and the ship's company, the quantity of 
fish taken on each voyage may easily be ascertained. Proposals for 
collecting what impost it may be thought good to lay upon that 
commodity. Endorsed by Sec. Windebank, " Britton : fishing New- 

80. Mem. concerning "the bill" to be preferred by the west 
country men about the Newfoundland fishery. Advantage to British 
navigation, if the Dutch were prohibited from buying fish there. 
Aliens should pay the same duties that are paid in England; a 
course for levying them may easily be directed. Endorsed by Sec. 
Windebank, " Newfoundland fishing." 

Sept. 13. Notes by Nicholas of proceedings before the Privy Council. The 
Virginia and Somers Islands Companies and other planters ordered 
to attend the Council Board. [Extract from Note Book, Sept. 1640. 
DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. /.] 






Sept. 13. Minutes by Sec. Windebank of a Council at Hampton Court. 
Mr. Nicholas is desired to inform the Lord Keeper that no cor- 
poration of foreign plantations is to be renewed until the Board 
be made acquainted with it. [Extract from DOMESTIC Corresp. 
Car. I.] 

Oct. 23. Laws enacted by the Lord Proprietary of Maryland, with the 
advice and assent of the freemen, viz., Act for Church Liberties, 
for uncertain goods, for providing against sudden accidents in the 
government, and touching servants' clothes ; published under the 
Great Seal on the 30th October 1640 [Colonial Entry Bk., 
Vol. LI 1 1., p. 1.] 

Dec. 26. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Concerning the sale 
of the Swallow, and of some tobacco at Plymouth. Debts. Pro- 
secution in Holland of Gabriel Rudd. Capt. Lloyd alleges that he 
will procure 000 men to go with him to Association, if he is appointed 
Governor, but because of complaints against him, it is not thought 
safe to do so ; persons on behalf of President James directed to attend 
on Friday next. Mr. Newman's demands on behalf of the seamen of 
his brother's ship, for one-third part of 1,000/.